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Syllabus for

Technical Officer & Senior Technical Assistant
Posts
on contractual basis with consolidated remuneration

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ELECTRONICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
ELECTRONICS NIKETAN BUILDING, CGO COMPLEX, LODHI ROAD, DELHI-110 003

Table of Contents
1. Computer Science ...................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Basics of Information Technology Rational ................................................................ 1
1.2 Computer Fundamentals & Programming in C ........................................................... 1
1.3 Operating System ........................................................................................................ 2
1.4 Digital Electronics ...................................................................................................... 2
1.5 Data Structures & Object Oriented Programming Using C++ .................................. 3
1.6 Data Communication ................................................................................................. 3
1.7 Database System Design and RDBMS ...................................................................... 4
1.8 Multimedia .................................................................................................................. 5
1.9 Visual Programming ............................................................................................... .. 5
1.10 Software Engineering ................................................................................................ 5
1.11 Computer Graphics ................................................................................................. 6

2. Information Technology ............................................................................................. 7
2.1 Basics of Information Technology ............................................................................. 7
2.2 Programming in C ................................................................................................ 7
2.3 Operating System ..................................................................................................... 7
2.4 Digital Electronics ...................................................................................................... 8
2.5 Data Structures & Algorithms .................................................................................... 8
2.6 Data Communication ................................................................................................. 9
2.7 Object Oriented Programming & C++ ......................................................................... 9
2.8 Database System Design and RDBMS ............................................................... 10
2.9 Multimedia ................................................................................................................ 11
2.10 Web Programming using ASP.NET ....................................................................... 11

3. Electronics ................................................................................................................... 12
3.1 Semiconductor Devices............................................................................................ 12
3.2 Applied Digital Electronics ....................................................................................... 12
3.3 Electronic Components and Materials (ECM) ........................................................... 12
3.4 Electronic Communication Systems ....................................................................... 13
3.5 8085 Microprocessor & Interfacing ............................................................................ 14
3.6 Communication Engineering ..................................................................................... 14
3.7 Consumer Electronics .............................................................................................. 15
3.8 Medical Electronics .................................................................................................... 16
3.9 Computer Architecture & Organisation. .................................................................... 17
3.10 PC Hardware & Troubleshooting ............................................................................ 17
3.11 Electronic Instrumentation ...................................................................................... 18
4. Mathematics ................................................................................................................ 19
5. Physics (PH) .................................................................................................................. 21

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) 14. While-do and Do-While loops. operating a computer. nested loops. return values. form the broad competency profile of diploma holders.WAN. Flow charts. device controllers. connectivity (TCP/IP. Special features. Topologies 1. mouse etc. Truth tables. looping. 1 . optical disk (CD and DVD Memory). typedef statement. device management and input – output (I/O) management with respect of windows 9. computer hardware and software. data type conversions. Break and Continue statements. ROM. Computers for information storage. Capacity. contents of a program. switch statements. Module III – Functions: Arguments and local variables. inter-connections between units. hyperlinks. block diagram of a computer.1. information seeking.1 Basics of Information Technology Rational Information technology has great influence on all aspects of life. recursive functions. Exercises on file opening and closing. shell). memory 5. applications of internet like:e-mail and browsing 13. parallel port. VDU and Printer. Electrical requirements. operators-precedence of evaluation. About the internet – server types. This exposure will enable the students to enter their professions with confidence. Basics of Networking – LAN. connectors and cables 7.2 Computer Fundamentals & Programming in C Module I – Programming principles-algorithms. Information Technology – its concept and scope 2. DETAILED CONTENTS 1. serial port. declaration. Scanner. for loops. If-Else and Else-If constructs. Computer Science 1. Almost all work places and living environment are being computerized. data – numeric data. Variable types.. In order to prepare diploma holders to work in these environments. Input devices. Plotter 6. global variables. Secondary storage. PROM etc. memory management. Computer organization. nested If statements. string functions. using internet etc. output devices. keyboard. Installation concept and precautions to be observed while installing the system and software 10. Module II – control flow-If statement. structures and unions. auto. live in a harmonious way and contribute to the productivity. use of various tools of MS office. system bus 8. time and space complexity analysis of algorithms. processing 4. Introduction about Operating Systems such as MS-DOS and Windows 11. Elements of computer system. various commands of MS word and MS-Excel 12. static and register variables. primary and secondary memory: RAM. escape characters. it is essential that they are exposed to various aspects of information technology such as understanding the concept of information technology and its scope. information processing and information transmission 3. HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol). magnetic disks – tracks and sectors. alpha numeric data. Various Browsers like WWW (World wide web). Typecasting character strings. CPU.

Feedback Queue . SJF.AND. operations on pointers. carry lookahead adder. System Loading. transition table. Process synchronization Module IV CPU Scheduling .FLIP-FLOP : Basic latch circuit. fclose and feof functions. De. Definition of Operating Systems.IC adders .Latch timing conditions . print and scan functions. Process Scheduler.Minimization of Boolean expressions using algebraic. #if. OR. stdin. Module V Memory Management Function (Principles and Brief Concept). pointers and functions. subroutines to draw geometrical shapes. substraction using adders –signed number addition and subtraction – BCD adders . I/O Devices. Importance of Operating Systems. Segmentation. Types of Operating Systems.. decoders . stdout and stderr. number complements.Races in sequential circuits - 2 . Spotting. RR. Swapping. File Management 1. Multilevel.Universal building blocks Module I Minimization Of Logic Functions: Sum of the products and Product of sums representations . code converters.Multiplexers.Serial Processing-Simple batch Systems-Multi Programmed batch Systems- Time Sharing Systems. Fixed Partition Memory. Shared Devices. fopen. Module II Overview of Operating Systems.COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS: Analysis of logic schematics. file I/O.Floating point number representation . Minimization of multiple output functions . Octal and Hexadecimal representations of numbers and their conversion .Binary arithmetic . Buffering. K-map and Tabular methods.Scheduling Criteria-Scheduling algorithms – FCFS.BOOLEAN ALGEBRA: Introduction to Boolean Algebra . Module III Process Management Functions (Principles and Brief Concept).Synchronization Hardware-Classical Problems of synchronization. Introduction. Elementary graphics.Implementation of combinational functions using Multiplexers Module III Arithmetic Circuits: Adder. Debouncing of a switch. 1. Storage Devices.3 Operating System Module I Operating System Objectives and functions-The Evolution of Operating Systems. Job Scheduler. NOT. commandline arguments. NOR & EX-OR operations. #include.4 Digital Electronics Module I Number Systems & Codes: Review of Binary. File and Database System. truth tables . formatted I/O.File System-Functions of organization-Allocation and Free space management. NAND. dynamic memory allocation. Synthesis of combinational functions.Module IV – Pointers: pointers and structures.Alphanumeric codes .Integrated circuit flip-flops .Signed numbers .Analysis of sequential circuits with latches. sizeof operator.Boolean expressions .Process synchronization-The Critical Section Problem. transition diagram and state table - Analysis of sequential circuit with feedback loops . Dedicated Devices. functions to fill and shade images. Priority. Single Process System. Softness organization. Input and output character I/O. pointers and arrays. Module V – The preprocessors: #define. error detecting & correcting codes . Linking.Theorems . loading and executing control program. Flip-flops truth table and excitation table . Simple Paging System Module VI I/O Management Functions (Principles and Brief Concept). #undef. etc.Weighted and non-weighted binary codes. Multiplexers.

Coaxial Cable. Binary trees. Creating and processing text and binary files Module III Program Performance: Space complexity. Static class members. Linked representation of binary trees. Constructors and destructors in derived classes. Comparisons. ISO OSI Reference Model. Operations on one dimensional arrays. Sorting: Insertion. Threaded binary tree. Overloading operators for one-dimensional arrays. Comparison of different methods. Representation of arrays. Asymptotic notations. Operation on stack. Inline functions. File pointers. Control statements. Contiguous data structures .Module IV Counters: Asynchronous and synchronous counter design – down counter. String representation and manipulation Non Contiguous Data Structures: Lists: Representation and Traversing of linked list. Expressions. Copy constructors . Accessing members.Arrays: Structure of arrays.SHIFT REGISTERS: Serial in. Traversal application.Shift counters. Shortest path problems Searching and Sorting: Searching: Linear search. Multilevel inheritance. Evaluation of arithmetic expressions. iostream library. Deletion. Virtual base class. Sequential representation of binary trees. Pointers to objects. Right/left serial shift registers . File processing: Opening and closing files. Sparse matrices: Array representation and Linked representation of Sparse matrices Module IV Contiguous Data Structures: Stacks: Definition. Hybrid Inheritance. Operations with linked list. Quick. counter ICs. serial/parallel out. Abstract classes. 3 . Module II Pointers: Dynamic memory management. Selection. Representation of binary trees. Overriding base class members.Application of shift registers in keyboard entry of decimal data - 1. Circular queue. Implementations using arrays and linked lists. Bubble. BST: Definition.5 Data Structures & Object Oriented Programming Using C++ Module I OOP Concepts: Introduction: Characteristics of OOP C++ Fundamentals: C++ data types. Multiple Inheritance. Queues: Definition. Constructor overloading. universal shift register . Constructors with default arguments. Parallel in. Transmission Media . Type conversion: Between objects and basic types and between objects of different classes. Dequeues. Doubly linked list. Arguments passing. Binary search. Insertion. this pointer. Polynomials using one-dimensional arrays. Heap tree: Insertion and deletion.Magnetic Media. Circular list. Defining classes. Friend functions. Functions: Prototype. Header linked list. Multidimensional arrays. Graph search methods (BFS and DFS). Module V Graphs: Representation of graphs. Passing and returning objects to and from functions. Implementation using arrays and linked lists. Hashing: Different hashing functions. Priority queues. Inheritance: Single Inheritance. Traversal and Searching BST. Type conversion. Creating objects. Nesting of classes Constructors: Default constructors. Parameterized constructors. Operator overloading: Overloading unary and binary operators.Destructors.6 Data Communication Introduction to Networking: Uses of Computer Networks. Hierarchical Inheritance. Time complexity. Methods for collision handling 1. Twisted Pair. Merge sort methods. Function overloading Classes: Classes and Objects. Applications of queues Trees and Graphs: Basic terminology. Virtual functions. Defining member function. Operators. digital clock . new and delete operators. general BCD counter. Heap. Pointers to object members. Network Hardware. Filestream functions. ring counter. Return type. Properties of binary tree. Default arguments.

updation.Error handling-developing stored procedures. Grouping data from tables in SQL. Database languages. Cursorsworking with cursors.Mapping cardinalities. direct mode of communication. Keys. Trunks and Multiplexing. effects of errors. The entity-relationship model. Business rule constraints. Strong entity sets. deletion of tables. View of data. channel capacity Multiplexed lines. Logical operators. data encryption and decryption Serial and parallel data communication.building 4 . dropping of tables.Locks. ER diagrams. Microwave Transmission. ALTER TABLE Command. Error Detecting: Source of errors in data communications. Views .Joining Multiple Tables. foreign key. BCNF. Concept of AM. Joins . Insertion.Creation.Null. CDMA Methodology: Need for a modulation in communication systems. data packets.Structure of Telephone System.Security. Error detecting through parity bit. Module IV Database Manipulation in SQL: Computations done on table data . concept of simplex. Concurrent executions. Module II Relational Database Design: 1st. Satellites. GROUP BY. Granting and revoking permissions . 3rd. types of locks. Module V Program with SQL – data types – Using set and select commands-procedural flow-ifif/ else-while-goto-global variables . alter and droppassing and returning data to stored procedures-using stored procedures within queries. synchronous communication data transfer efficiency Synchronous communication. data transfer efficiency. relative advantage and disadvantage with synchronous communication Frame level communication. microwave. Mobile Telephone System-GSM. database users. Object privileges. handshake modes. Weak entity sets. data error rate and its dependency on data transfer rates.Primary key. Range searching. Pattern matching. PSTN . start- stop bits. Renaming the column of a view. noise and channel capacity of different communication system such as radio. check integrity constraints. modifying the structure of tables. synchronous transmission. Attributes. creation.Radio Transmission. HAVING clauses. Unique key constraints. half duplex and full duplex modes. States.Properties (ACID). two and four line systems. Data constraints. Byte level data communication. Communicating Methods and Standards (8 hrs) One to one connections. Relationship sets. optical fiber system and issues like line characteristics and impedance matching.Entity sets. not null. 5th Normal forms. Instances and Schemas. Wireless Transmission . PSK and PCM (no mathematical treatment) Concept of bandwidth. time division multiplexing and demultiplexing Concept of Synchronization: Synchronization method. FM. renaming. comparison in terms of speed of data transfer Aasynchronous transmission.Select command. Transactions .7 Database System Design and RDBMS Module I Introduction: Purpose of database systems.I/O constraints. method of implementation. Module III Data Definition in SQL: Data types. data models. Database administrator. viewing. Switching. multi drop lines. need for handshake mode of communication.Fibre Optics. PAM. address encoding and decoding of data packets. block parity to detect double errors and correct single error Characteristics of white noise and digital noise 79 4.Granting privileges. levels of locks.Data abstraction. 2nd. Data Communication Principles: Transmission of binary data. 4th. Defining different constraints on table. FSK. Revoking privileges. 1. Constraints. destroys view. database architecture. Joining a Table to itself. different types of electrical communication lines.Locks. PM.create. Concurrency control- lockbased protocols .

textbox. working with drawing and painting tools. Input Box. The . Comparison with other disciplines . introduction to VB. menu bar. picture box. Handling Exceptions. toolbars. handling mouse and Keyboard events. option button. using digital video. library. creating behaviour. viewing and manipulating time line. compression. frame. cast editor. digital cameras. plotters. animation. guiding layers. importing images. creating and populating Data set. printers. importing and editing sound and video clips in flash. specifying and adjusting colors. data type. choose. working with stage. list box. command Button. Strings and String functions. select case. speakers. cast libraries. Handling dates and times Arrays-declaration and manipulation.9 Visual Programming Unit I Introduction to visual Programming -Concept of event driven programming. procedures and functions Unit III Windows Applications-forms.Net Frame work and Common language runtime. properties.do loops. Classification.if-then.else. business and games Multimedia Hardware: Multimedia PC configuration.10 Software Engineering Module I Software . Data control. else-if ladder. inspector. using text. handling events. filters and actions Flash: Exploring interface. application in education and training. touch-screen. kiosks. Net Application. OCR. using sound. applying color.Characteristics. VB IDE. Data accessing using Data adapter Control. multimedia networks Multimedia Files: Image and sound file formats. Myths. Building VB. combo box. 1. object oriented programming creating and using classes and objects. Photo-shop: Photo-shop workshop. VB language-console application and windows application. Creating a new data connection. for.on Error Goto Unit IV Common controls. using selection and pen tools.multiple trigger interaction. OLE. Accessing Data with data Adaptors and Data sets. converting between data types. image editing tools. multimedia file formats. Net. basics of lingo. Phases in 5 . scanners. features and specifications of sound and video interfaces. Crisis. painting techniques. MsgBox. Software Engineering: Definition . scrollbar.Net. layers. Rich textbox. image box. standards and techniques. optical disks and drives as CDROM and DVD. hypergraphics. using channels. 1. accessing data with Server Explorer. label. palette. selecting a data provider. scope of variable. tweening). selection and move tools. features of software to read and write such files. checkbox. events. if –then. time line/stage relationship. using gradient tools. file controls-properties and methods Unit V Data Access with ADO. forms.8 Multimedia Introduction to multimedia: Hypertext. sprites and score. science and technology. Binding Data to Controls 1. while-The with statement. loop statements.user defined functions— creating and calling a scalar function-implementing triggers- creating triggers . Ethics & professional practice . animating (frame-by-frame. declaring variable. operators and statements Unit II Control Statements. multiple forms. adding controls to forms. displaying data in Data Grid. using behaviour inspector. timer. transforming path drawing and editing tools. working with 3-D graphics Director: Exploring interface: score editor.

Methodology. Software testing strategies. Module III Windowing and Clipping – Windowing concepts – Clipping Algorithms – Window to view port Transformations – segments – Interactive input methods – Physical input devices – logical classification of input devices – interactive picture construction techniques – input functions. System. Process Requirements Elicitation . Object Oriented Modelling. Software reviews. Software test report. Selection criteria. Debugging. Data Architectural design. Object Oriented testing. Verification techniques. process framework. Software Life Cycle Models. guidelines. Project.Components of Software process . Component level design . Requirement Engineering process. Concept of Software Re Engineering – approaches. types of maintenance. factors affecting maintenance. Project Scheduling – principles. Testing Techniques (basic idea of black box and white box testing). documentation Module IV Software Testing .techniques. Integration. Module II Attributes of output primitives – line style – colour and Intensity – area filling algorithms – character Attributes – inquiry functions – bundled attributes – two dimensional transformations – basic and composite transformations – metric representations. Requirements Management – A Case study Module III Software Design – basic principles. Acceptance. Pattern based Software design. Legacy Systems. Techniques Module V Software Planning and Scheduling – project planning.Software Engineering. Capability Maturity Model . Design Notations. Software Quality – Concepts. Software Design Documentation.11 Computer Graphics Module I Overview of Graphic Systems – Display Devices – hard copy Devices – Interactive Input Devices – Display Processor – Graphic software – Output Primitives – Line Drawing Algorithms – Initialising Lines – Line command – fill areas – circle Generation Algorithms. Types. Software Process. Module V 3D viewing – projections – viewing transformation – Implementation of viewing operations – Hidden surface and Hidden Line removal – back free removal.Types of feasibilities . A Case study. Software Configuration Management process. Software Reliability. V Model of Software testing. 6 . project plan. Quality Assurance Activities. planning process. Software Maintenance – basics. process assessment . Requirements Analysis – Structured Analysis. Quantitative process management Module II Software Requirements – Definition. Other approaches. Challenges. process. Requirements Validation . Feasibility Study . User Interface design . characteristics. evaluating reviews. Project staffing. Design Reviews – types. guidelines. Requirements Specification – Structure of SRS. Software Coding – features. process models 1. Models. Data design . Levels of Software testing – Unit. depth buffer and scan line methods – shading. Process change management . Test Plan – steps in development. Product .basics. techniques. Programming practices. Life cycle. Risk management. Module IV Three dimensional concepts – 3D Display Techniques – 3D representation – polygon and curved surface – 3D transformations. Evaluation. concepts .

while and do-while loops. Information Technology – its concept and scope 2. Secondary storage.WAN. 7 . 2. output devices. Types of functions. Nesting of functions. I/O utilities. Pointers and functions. I/O devices. Shell. About the internet – server types. inter-connections between units. break and continue statements. Measures of program performance. connectors and cables 7. serial port. Installation concept and precautions to be observed while installing the system and software 10.1 Basics of Information Technology 1. block diagram of a computer.2. optical disk (CD and DVD Memory). Unit – II Flow of Control: Branching: If statement. data – numeric data. alpha numeric data. Initializing one and two dimensional arrays. applications of internet like: e-mail and browsing 13. FTP (File Transfer Protocol) 14. PROM etc. Computer Language: Classification. Fundamentals of DOS and Windows. Looping: for loops. shell). Computer organization. Precedence of evaluation. information processing and information transmission 3. ROM. Function prototyping. sizeof() operator. Different types of OS. If – else and Else – If constructs. Two-dimensional arrays. Structures and functions. Structures with in structures. Electrical requirements. memory 5. Various parts of OS. nested loops. VDU and Printer. Strings: Declaring and initializing strings. Recursive functions. connectivity (TCP/IP. information seeking. Arguments and return values. Elements of computer system.Language Fundamentals: Tokens. Scope and Extent of Variables: Local and global variables. Capacity. File system. Multitasking OS. Plotter 6. hyperlinks.2 Programming in C Unit – I Programming principles: Algorithms. Exercises on file opening and closing. system bus 8. switch statements. Program execution. Compiling. mouse etc. device controllers. Arrays of structures. memory management. CPU. Pointers and structures. Special features. Topologies 2. Computers for information storage. Functions: Definition. Pointers and arrays. Information Technology 2.3 Operating System Unit – 1 Basic features of OS. HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol). Boot strapping.. Loaders. Flow charts. Basics of Networking – LAN. processing 4. various commands of MS word and MS-Excel 12. computer hardware and software. Input devices. device management and input – output (I/O) management with respect of windows 9. Scanner. Software tools. Object program. nested if statements. primary and secondary memory: RAM. Operations on pointers. Single user and multi-user OS. One-dimensional arrays. Fundamental data types. contents of a program. Loading of OS. Pointers: Definition. keyboard. Reading and writing strings. Unit –III Arrays: Definition. Program translation sequence. Unit – 1V Structures and Union: Definitions. Compilers & interpreters. auto. String functions. Various Browsers like WWW (World wide web). Assemblers. static and register variables. Introduction about Operating Systems such as MS-DOS and Windows 11. C. Linkers. Program Concept: Source program. parallel port. magnetic disks – tracks and sectors.

Segmentation. Directory management.Boolean expressions .FLIP-FLOP : Basic latch circuit. Background process. Contiguous allocation. transition diagram and state table - Analysis of sequential circuit with feedback loops . Dead locks Unit –III Single process monitor. 2. digital clock . Semaphores. Critical section.Theorems .5 Data Structures & Algorithms Unit – 1 Introduction: Elementary data organization. Multiplexers. Control structures. Different scheduling algorithms.Universal building blocks Module I Minimization Of Logic Functions: Sum of the products and Product of sums representations . Shell programming. Data structures.Analysis of sequential circuits with latches. Debouncing of a switch. Recursive procedures and algorithms. Unit – 1V File concept. Right/left serial shift registers . Synthesis of combinational functions. carry lookahead adder. counter ICs. Disk scheduling. System administration. Address translation by associative memory sharing system. Unit – V Case Study (Unix) : Basic commands. File system.COMBINATIONAL LOGIC CIRCUITS: Analysis of logic schematics.Integrated circuit flip-flops .Implementation of combinational functions using Multiplexers Module III Arithmetic Circuits: Adder. Algorithmic notation. Sockets and IPC.Unit – II Process concept. NAND.IC adders . Vi editor.Races in sequential circuits - Module IV Counters: Asynchronous and synchronous counter design – down counter.SHIFT REGISTERS: Serial in.Alphanumeric codes . Mail. Shell history.. Scheduling algorithms.Signed numbers . decoders . Passwords access groups. Bit map. NOR & EX-OR operations. NOT.Minimization of Boolean expressions using algebraic. Scheduling and performance criteria.4 Digital Electronics Module I Number Systems & Codes: Review of Binary. error detecting & correcting codes . serial/parallel out. transition table.Weighted and non-weighted binary codes. Data structure operations. number complements. Permissions. Devises. String processing. Demand paging with virtual memory management. Linked list. Directories. The shell. Paging. System calls. Octal and Hexadecimal representations of numbers and their conversion . truth tables .Binary arithmetic . Simple Network Management Protocols. Terminals. Disk allocation methods. Minimization of multiple output functions . De. Virtual memory. Basic operations.Floating point number representation . Disk organization. Process scheduling.Multiplexers. Flip-flops truth table and excitation table . substraction using adders –signed number addition and subtraction – BCD adders . Multi-programming with fixed partitions and dynamic partitions. Mutual exclusion. Structured approach in programming. Hardware support for paging. Inter process communication and synchronization basic concepts. Disk space management methods.BOOLEAN ALGEBRA: Introduction to Boolean Algebra . Types of schedulers. ring counter.Shift counters. code converters. universal shift register . File protection. Piping. 8 . general BCD counter. Top-down design.Application of shift registers in keyboard entry of decimal data - 2. Parallel in.AND. OR. K-map and Tabular methods. Complexity of algorithms.Latch timing conditions . Non-contiguous allocation.

Merge sort. Binary tree representation. Applications of stack. Traversing. block parity to detect double errors and correct single error Characteristics of white noise and digital noise. Data Communication Principles: Transmission of binary data. PAM. Insertion sort. Searching. Representation. comparison in terms of speed of data transfer Aasynchronous transmission. radix sort. half duplex and full duplex modes. Multidimensional arrays. Sparse matrices. Encapsulation and data abstraction. Elements of OOP. Multiple views of the same object. FSK. Fundamental operations on stacks. dequeues and priority queues. Inserting and deleting. Huffman’s algorithm. multi drop lines. 2. two and four line systems. Concepts of queues. 2. handshake modes. bubble sort.6 Data Communication Methodology: Need for a modulation in communication systems. Threads. General trees. Hashing. array representation. Matrices. PM. Merging. Operations. polish notation. synchronous communication data transfer efficiency Synchronous communication. data transfer efficiency.7 Object Oriented Programming & C++ Unit – 1 Object Oriented Paradigm: Evolution of programming paradigms. Objects. Inserting and deleting. time division multiplexing and demultiplexing. Binary search tree. channel capacity Multiplexed lines. heap sort. Communicating Methods and Standards: One to one connections. direct mode of communication. Inheritance. address encoding and decoding of data packets. Polymorphism. Traversing. Representation. garbage collection. Sparse matrix operations Unit –III Linked Lists: Concept. data encryption and decryption Serial and parallel data communication. Binary search. optical fiber system and issues like line characteristics and impedance matching. Selection sort. Traversing binary trees. Operations. microwave. different types of electrical communication lines. noise and channel capacity of different communication system such as radio. Unit – 1V Tress: Basic terminology. 9 . start- stop bits. Representation. linked list representation. Concept of AM. Byte level data communication. Traversing algorithms using stack. effects of errors. Error detecting through parity bit. Searching: Binary search and linear search comparison. Unit – V Sorting and Searching: Sorting types. method of implementation. quick sort. Records. relative advantage and disadvantage with synchronous communication Frame level communication.Unit – II Arrays. Classes. Stacks and Queues: Definition. Delegation. Records and Pointers: Linear arrays. need for handshake mode of communication. Pointers. FM. data packets. Representation. Heap: Storage representation and manipulation of binary trees. doubly circular doubly). sorting and searching. Structured verses object –oriented development. synchronous transmission. Graphs: Concept. Concept of Synchronization: Synchronization method. Error Detecting: Source of errors in data communications. Types of linked lists (circular. concept of simplex. data error rate and its dependency on data transfer rates. PSK and PCM (no mathematical treatment) Concept of bandwidth.

check integrity constraints. Insertion. GROUP BY.create. 4th. Passing data to functions.Creation. Runtime memory management. Virtual Functions. Strong entity sets. Comments.Mapping cardinalities. Constraints. Cursorsworking with cursors. Views . renaming. HAVING clauses.building user defined functions— creating and calling a scalar function- implementing triggers-creating triggers . Weak entity sets. Granting and revoking permissions . Database administrator. iostream library. modifying the structure of tables. Operators and Expressions. Module III Data Definition in SQL: Data types. Function overloading.Message communication. Concurrent executions. Data Types. Pointers and Runtime Binding. Joining a Table to itself. Dynamic Objects.Security. Object Oriented System Development. Unit – 1V Object Initialization and cleanup: Constructors. The entity-relationship model.I/O constraints. 2. Revoking privileges. Arrays and Strings. Module V Program with SQL – data types – Using set and select commands-procedural flow-ifif/ else-while-goto-global variables . Grouping data from tables in SQL. Database languages. inline function. dropping of tables. Copy constructors. Keys. Scope resolution operator.Primary key. Unit – V Generic Programming with Templates.Data abstraction. Transactions . types of locks. Standard Template Library. Pattern matching. Merits and demerits of OO methodology. Library functions. Dynamic initialization through constructors. Operator Overloading. Parameter passing. Data constraints. Return by reference. destroys view. 2nd. Unit – II Stream based I/O. viewing.Select command. Classes and Objects. database users.Null. not null.Error handling-developing stored procedures. 10 . Variable declaration and definition. Destructor. Parameter passing. updation. Complete syntax of main(). Constructor overloading.Granting privileges. Object privileges. Logical operators. Nested classes. Parameterized constructors. levels of locks.Entity sets. foreign key. Instances and Schemas. States. Defining different constraints on table.multiple trigger interaction. Attributes.Locks. 3rd. Exception Handling. Order of constructor and destructor. Unit –III Modular Programming with Functions: Function components. Stream Computation with Files.Locks. Joins . Business rule constraints. creation. ER diagrams.Properties (ACID). Relationship sets. deletion of tables. Renaming the column of a view. data models. Concurrency control- lockbased protocols .8 Database System Design and RDBMS Module I Introduction: Purpose of database systems. View of data. BCNF. Function Templates. Arrays and functions. Control Flow. Unique key constraints.Joining Multiple Tables. Module II Relational Database Design: 1st. Inheritance. alter and droppassing and returning data to stored procedures-using stored procedures within queries. Constructors with dynamic operations. Function return data type. ALTER TABLE Command. database architecture. Range searching. Module IV Database Manipulation in SQL: Computations done on table data . 5th Normal forms.

cast editor. Connected and Disconnected Database. business and games Multimedia Hardware: Multimedia PC configuration.9 Multimedia Introduction to multimedia: Hypertext. State management. creating a multiform web project Module II Form Validation: Client side validation. using behaviour inspector. palette. server Side validation. using sound. web. List Box.NET framework. using text.server controls. touch-screen. Labels.10 Web Programming using ASP. hypergraphics. Adding controls to a web form. scanners. layers. filters and actions Flash: Exploring interface. Dataset Class. Checkbox. web form controls . control. 2. transforming path drawing and editing tools. Internet Explorer Control. Running a web Application. science and technology. Calendar. specifying and adjusting colors. guiding layers.2. viewing and manipulating time line. Applications. multimedia networks Multimedia Files: Image and sound file formats. Binding standard web server controls. Web forms. working with drawing and painting tools. Display data on web form using Data bound controls 11 . time line/stage relationship. forms & HTML. toolbars. application in education and training. painting techniques. optical disks and drives as CDROM and DVD. data bound Controls and Data Grid. Ad rotator Control. compression. importing images. working with stage. using gradient tools. sprites and score.View state. client controls. Display data on. using selection and pen tools. inspector. plotters. features of software to read and write such files. OCR. Radio Buttons. working with 3-D graphics Director: Exploring interface: score editor. Understanding ASP.NET Module I Overview of ASP. digital cameras. Session state. cast libraries. Create Connection using ADO. Web servers. multimedia file formats. Application state Module III Architecture of ADO. importing and editing sound and video clips in flash. Buttons.NET. using channels. Text Box. Command Class. Connection Class. library. speakers. printers. features and specifications of sound and video interfaces. basics of lingo. using digital video. kiosks. Module IV DataAdapter Class. image editing tools. tweening). standards and techniques. applying color. installation of IIS. creating behaviour. selection and move tools. etc. creating data grid.NET Object Model. animating (frame-by-frame. Database Accessing on web applications: Data Binding concept with. animation.NET Controls. web. Photo-shop: Photo-shop workshop. Validation Controls: Required Field Comparison Range. menu bar.

9’s & 10’s Complement Subtraction .Basic laws of Boolean Algebra .Avalanche Break Down - Zener Break Down . UNIT . NAND & NOR . Operation.Implementation using 74147.BOOLEAN ALGEBRA : Binary Addition. 74153 & 74155 IC’s. UNIT III .Comparison of P Channel & N Channel JFET .Diffusion Capacitance . semi-conducting and insulating materials through a brief reference to their atomic structure.Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator. 7495. EXNOR.Characteristic Parameters of the JFET .I : Structure of Atom .COMBINATIONAL ELEMENTS : Logic Gates : AND.Implementation Using 7476.Modulo Up .JFET as a Voltage Variable Resistor.Modulo Down .Diode Current Equation .Comparison of P Channel MOSFET with N Channel MOSFET .Master Slave JK .Construction.Octal Number System – Hexadecimal Number System – Conversion from One Number System to Another Number System .Output & Transfer Characteristics of P Channel & N Channel JFET . CE . Output & Transfer Characteristics P Channel & N Channel Enhancement MOSFET .Half Adder and Full Adder – Half and Full Subtractor .Energy Band Structure .CB . CC Configuration and Characteristics .Ring counter – Twisted Ring Counter .JK .Effect of Temperature – PN Junction Diode as a Rectifier .Carrier Life Time.D & T Flip Flops – Shift Registers : SIPO – SISO – PIPO – PISO – Shift Left – Shift Right .Bonding in Conductors . 1.Biasing the MOSFET . UNIT .Diode Resistance . Three Variable & Four Variable Karnaugh Maps. Subtraction.Biasing the FET .Clocked RS .NUMBER SYSTEMS : Binary Signals – Binary Number System – Decimal Number System .Zener Diode .3.Hexadecimal Down .2 Applied Digital Electronics UNIT I .Transistor as an Amplifier. 3.UP/DOWN Counters . Multiplication & Division - 1’s and 2’s Complement Subtraction . Materials (32 hrs) 1.Semiconductors . Output & Transfer Characteristics of P Channel & N Channel Depletion MOSFET .Atomic Number . UNIT . Operation. 3. EX-OR.Comparison of JFET with MOSFET – Handling Precautions for the MOSFET.Intrinsic Semiconductor . OR.Extrinsic Semiconductor .SEQUENTIAL ELEMENTS : Flip Flops : RS .Energy Band Diagram of Conductors - Insulators . Electronics 3. Counters : Hexadecimal Up .Semiconductors .N type Semiconductor .Logic Gates using Discrete Components . UNIT . UNIT II .NAND & NOR as Universal Gates .Two Variable.Insulators .BCD – Gray code – Excess – 3 Code – ASCII code.1 Semiconductor Devices UNIT .1 Classification of materials Conducting.IV : Construction .II : Theory of PN Junction Diode .Applications of JFET .Operation . UNIT IV . NOT.III : Operation of PNP & NPN Transistor .V : Construction.P Type Semiconductor . 7442.Sum of Products – Product of Sum .Encoder - Decoder – Multiplexer .Depletion Capacitance .Duality Theorem – De Morgan’s Theorem .Comparison of JFET & BJT .Valence Electrons .2 Conducting Materials 12 .3 Electronic Components and Materials (ECM) 1. 7493 & 7490 IC’s.Demultiplexer .

cylindrical capacitor. f) Charging and discharging of capacitor with different resistances in circuit. Glass. construction and characteristics. simple problems.7 Semi Conductors and Integrated Circuits • Basic characteristics of Semiconductor materials.4 Magnetic Materials Different Magnetic materials. their examples and typical applications.AM GENERATION & TRANSMISSION : Need for modulation – Amplitude modulation – Frequency Spectrum of the AM Wave . Cotton. relays.Modulation Index – Power relations in the AM Wave – AM generation – AM Transmitter. . units of capacitance. transistors.3 Insulating Materials Important relevant characteristics (electrical. Need of shielding. (Dia.4 Electronic Communication Systems UNIT I . spherical capacitors. Bakelite. 1. carbon composition.2 Resistors: Carbon film. Rubber. application and trouble shooting 2. inductors and RF coils: Methods of manufacture. 2. di-electric constant. Copper. Hysteresis loop. • Superconductivity and piezoelectric ceramic transducer elements 3. their symbols. Simple numerical problems of capacitor. concept of current growth and decay. 2.1 Capacitors a) Concept of capacitance and capacitors.3 Transformer.Forms of Amplitude Modulation – Evolution of SSB – Balanced Modulator – Methods of SSB Generation – Vestigial side band Transmission. time constant in R-C circuits. Para. e) Series and parallel combination of capacitor. Ferro) and their properties. types of capacitors. FETs and SCRs.4 Surface Mounted Devices (SMDs): Constructional detail and specifications. UNIT II . Sliver. wound and variable types (presets and potentiometers) 2.FM GENERATION & TRANSMISSION : Frequency Modulation . Ferro magnetism. Hybrid IC technology. alloying and mechanical stressing. 1. PVC. 2.Frequency Spectrum of the FM Wave – Modulation Index – Effect of Noise – Adjacent & Co-Channel 13 . constructional details and testing specifications b) Capacity of parallel plate capacitors. c) Energy stored in a capacitor. switches and cables. Components 2.Resistors and factors affecting resistivity such as temperature. mechanical and thermal) and applications of the following material: Mica. d) Concept of di-electric and its effects on capacitance. Classification of conducting materials into low resistivity and high resistivity materials. • Various processes in IC manufacturing. Domains.5 Connectors. switches and cables: Different types of connectors. testing of diodes. Silicon. Relays. permeability. Polyester. Ceramic. Polythene and Varnish.PROPAGATION OF RADIO WAVES : Introduction to EM waves – Reflection and refraction of radio waves at the surface of the earth – Ground wave propagation-Sky wave propagation – Space wave propagation – Structure of the Atmosphere – Critical frequency – Skip distance – Maximum Usable frequency (MUF) – Virtual height. break down voltage. UNIT III . 2. testing. Soft and hard magnetic materials. metal film.

ASK – FSK – BPSK – QPSK – DPSK .32) . Wave guides Rectangular and circular wave guides and their applications.Single Seven Segment Display .PULSE MODULATION : PAM Modulation & Detection – PWM Modulation & Detection . mm) 2. coaxial to wave guide adapter. 48) .V : Interfacing With : ADC 0809 . Decoding and Execution of an Instruction– Memory Mapping for a 8K Memory Chip.5 8085 Microprocessor & Interfacing UNIT I .Memory Write Machine Cycle (MVI M.Stack & Stack Operations .DAC 0800 – Stepper Motor – Matrix Keyboard – Multiple Seven Segment Display – LCD .Reflex klystron .RWM (6264). UHF.PPM Modulation & Detection .Generating Control Signals – Fetching. 3. UNIT IV - AM & FM RECEPTION : AM Receiver – TRF Receiver – Super Heterodyne Receiver – Image Frequency Rejection – Frequency Changing & Tracking – Choice of IF – AM Detection – AGC – SSB Detection. Classification on the basis of its frequency bands (HF. Impossibility of TEM mode in a wave guide. UNIT III : Addressing Modes . detector.8085 MICROPROCESSOR : Signals on 8085 – Architecture of 8085 – Demultiplexing the Bus . matched termination. Field configuration of TE10. C.Memory Read Machine Cycle (MOV C. guide wavelength and their relationship with free space wavelength (no mathematical derivation). 4. UNIT V. Microwave Components Constructional features. S.Multi-cavity magnetron . characteristics and application of tees.Companding .Instruction Format . slotted section. mm. Introduction to Microwaves Introduction to microwaves and its applications. TE20 and TM11 modes. Effects of interelectrode capacitance Lead Inductance and Transit time on the high frequency performance of conventional vacuum tubes. cut off wavelength. directional coupler.IV : Time Delay Program – Signals on 8255 – I/O Mode – BSR Mode – Interfacing With : Switches. LED’S .A & MVI A.Timing Diagram of OUT & IN Instruction . KU. 14 .Impatt diode 3.Simple Programs. isolator. FM Receiver – Amplitude Limiter – De-Emphasis – FM Detection – Balanced Slope Detector – Phase Discriminator – Ratio Detector.EPROM (2764) . characteristics.Gunn diode and .Interference – Wide Band & Narrow Band FM-FM Generation – Direct and Indirect methods . Microwave Devices Basic concepts of thermoinic emission and vacuum tubes.Interrupt System of 8085.Traveling wave tube .INSTRUCTION SET : Data Transfer – Arithmetic – Logical – Branching – Machine Control Instructions . UNIT . SUB.Multi cavity klystron . KA. X. bends. operating principles and typical applications of the following devices (No mathematical treatment) . mount.FM Transmitter – Pre-Emphasis. twists. UNIT II . Construction. VHF. L. 3. circulator and duplex. and steps to extend their high frequency operations. Propagation constant of a rectangular wave guide. UNIT .Sampling Theorem – Quantization & Quantization Error – PCM Modulation & Detection .6 Communication Engineering 1.Traffic Light Control. Mode of wave guide. fixed and variable attenuator.

and tape transport mechanism 1.4 Digital sound recording on tape and disc 1. a) Block diagram and operating principles of basic pulse radar. e) condenser. radar area of cross-section and its dependence on frequency.5.Need for synchronizing and blanking pulses. c) Transponders multiple access techniques. radar range equation (no derivation) and its applications. its principles. baffles and enclosures.1 Monochrome TV Communication: .1 Microphones: construction. working principles and applications of microphones. Tropospheric duct formation and propagation. block diagram. tweeter.Construction and working of camera tube: vidicon and plumbicon. VSAT & its features 3. their types viz: a) Carbon b) moving coil.Elements of TV communication system. interlaced scanning. amplifier and equalizer system.Block diagram of a TV receiver: function of each block and waveform at the input and output of each block. e) cordless etc. troposcatter propagation. Radar Systems Introduction to radar. . Major specification of the CCIR. its various applications. d) Radar display. . perigee b) Geostationary satellite and its need. . .5 CD system Hi-Fi system. c) Block diagram and operating principles of MTI radar. 7. Link losses etc. Concepts of ambiguous range.Monochrome picture tube – construction and working. Television 2. resolution and band width requirement.Composite Video signal (CVS) at the end of even and odd fields. c) velocity. multi - speaker system. and their applications. Satellite Communications (a) Basic idea of passive and active satellites. d) crystal. Microwave Communication systems a) Block diagram and working principles of microwave communication link.its need for picture transmission. 15 . b) Troposcatter Communication: Troposphere and its properties. comparison of magnetic and electric deflection of beam .Scanning . equalizing pulses and their need .PPI (06 hrs) 8. 1.7 Consumer Electronics 1.Progressive scanning . Audio System 1. apogee. Meaning of the terms orbit .2 Loud Speaker: Direct radiating. . Block diagram and explanation of a satellite communication link. Block diagram of TV camera and the transmitter chain. .Frequency range of various VHF bands and channels used in India. b) Block diagram and operating principles of CW (Doppler) and FMCW radars. mid range. tonal gradation. stereo amplifiers. 1.3 Sound recording on magnetic tape. 2.Gross structure filters. Microwave antennas Structure characteristics and typical applications of Horn and Dish antennas 6. horn loaded woofer. pre-amplifier.

2.Electro Oculography .RECORDERS AND METERS : ECG . purity.Digital Thermometer – Sphygmo Manometer .EEG .Construction and working principles of trinitron and PIL types of colour picture tubes.8 Medical Electronics UNIT I : Introduction to Human Physiology – Micro Electrodes – Skin Surface Electrodes –Needle Electrodes – Reference Electrodes .Spirometer .Need for luminance signal and band sharing by colour signals. . 6. 16 .Audiometer UNIT III . . cable TV using internet 5.Surgical Diathermy. trichromatic coefficients.Diathermy .Vascular Doppler .Construction and working principles of trinitran and PIL types of colour picture tubes. non spectral colour.Primary colours.Multipara Patient Monitor. Hue and Saturation. concepts of luminance. purity of beam shifting .Upper Endoscope . Video Camera Study of VCD and DVD 3. Colour TV . synchronous quadratic modulation and representation of a colour by a vector. Concept of convergence. . burst signal and its need. VHS tape transport mechanism.ENT Endoscope . NTSC.Compatibility of colour TV system with monochrome system.Block diagram of PAL TV receiver.EMG . Representation of a colour in colour triangle. colour difference signal and its need. SECAM systems. concepts of additive and subtracting mixing of colours. .Introduction to PAL.Micro Wave Diathermy . Cable Television Block diagram and principles of working of cable TV and DTH. H-hold of centering control.Block diagram of PAL TV receiver. VCD and DVD Principle of video recording on magnetic tapes.Cardiac Stress Test Equipment – Cardio Topography . advertisement and disadvantages block diagram of video camera and its explanation . explanation and working 3. visibility curve .OPERATION THEATRE EQUIPMENTS : Boyles Apparatus .Electronic Stethoscope UNIT II . keyed AGC. beam shifting . SECAM.Typical circuits of scanning and EHT stages of TV receiver. VCR. Basic colour TV system -NTSC. subcarriers frequency. function and location of brightness contrast V-hold.Identification of faulty stage by analyzing the symptoms and basic idea of a few important faults and there remedies 2. and PAL their advantages and disadvantages. explanation and working 4.2 Concept of positive and negative modulation VSB Transmission Turner . tristimulus values.Electro Retinography – Poly Somnography .3 Colour Schemes .Concept of convergence.Lower Endoscope . chrominance signal.Laparoscope . Block diagram of colour TV camera. block diagram of VCR.Blood Flow Meter .

memory. & interface4 module. Central Processing Unit Introduction. instruction memory reference. hard wire & microprogrammed control unit. reverse.Baby Phototherapy – Nebulizer. Associative maping. Input-output organisation Input-output interface. UNIT .UNIT IV . zero address instructions.Color Doppler Ultrasound .CD Drive Working & Installation . Types of interrupts.Pace maker : Implantable and External Pacemakers .Intel 845 Chipset -Physical Memory Organisation .Mouse Troubleshooting. first in first out buffer.Storage Capacity .Motherboard Troubleshooting .III : KEYBOARD : Types . 3 address instructions. Interrupts. UNIT .Motherboard Connectors – Motherboard Installation . 2 Address instructions.BIOS Functions . indirect & direct address.Battery . Cache memory.BIOS Beep Codes.Block Diagram & Sensor – Ventilator – Cardiac Monitor .Mouse Resolution .Physiological Affects Due to 50 Hertz Current Passage . Direct memory access. RAM & ROM chips. 3. 2.Interfacing – Logical Working & Structure of a Hard Disk .Support Circuits on Motherboard . multiplication.CT Scan – MRI Scan – Angiography .Mouse Installation . transfer. 3. computer instructions. One address instructions.IV : Hard Disk . UNIT V . addition & subtraction.Infant Warmer .CD & DVD Comparison & Troubleshooting. ELECTRICAL SAFETY OF MEDICAL INSTRUMENTS : Radiation Safety .DDR . Virtual memory. main memory.II : BIOS . 17 .INTENSIVE CARE EQUIPMENTS : Pulse Oximeter . Instruction formats.MODERN IMAGING SYSTEMS : Ultra Sound Scanner .Mouse Types . Computer Arithmetic Introduction. Read & write operation.Mouse Connection .Pen Drive .I : Motherboard Components . control word. DMA transfer. memory management hardware. daisy chaining priority. memory connection to CPU. Addressing modes. computer registers. UNIT . compare RISC & CISC. Formatting & Trouble shooting of a Hard Disk . stack organisation.Cache Memory . Associative memory. timing control. I bus.Macro Shock .Form Factor . parallel priority interrupt priority encoder. 1.Disk Geometry . 4. I vs memory bus. examples of microinstructions. Isolated Vs memory mapped I.Ergonomics .Shadow Memory .Micro Shock .10 PC Hardware & Troubleshooting UNIT .X-Ray Machine – C-Arm . DMA controller. arithmetic. register stack. Basic computer organisation & design Instruction lodes. priority interrupt.ECG Holder . 6.9 Computer Architecture & Organisation. address.Organisation .Types of DVD .Troubleshooting . memory segmentation 3. Polish notation evaluation of anith expressions. common bus system. map. logic & shift micro operation: 5. interrupt cycle.Devices to Protect Against Electrical Hazards – SMPS in Medical Equipments.LASER in Medical Applications . Modes of data. general register organisation.Electrical Accidents in Hospitals . & Division algorithms. Register transfer & micro operations Register transfer language.Infant Incubator . Register reference & reference instructions. Memory organisation Memory hierarchy.Installation. Anxillary memory.Common Memory Errors.Defibrillator .

Thermo Electric Transducers – Temperature Transducers – Microphones & Loud Speakers.UNIT .Schering .PC Assembly - VIRUS : Types .Voltmeter Sensitivity .ELECTRO MECHANICAL INDICATING INSTRUMENTS : DC Ammeter .Horizontal Deflection System .Power Supply & Connectors - DVI Connector .SIGNAL GENERATION & SIGNAL ANALYSIS : Sample & Hold Circuit - Instrumentation Amplifier .Pulse Generator .Oscilloscope Probes - Measurement of Frequency.DC Voltmeter .Symptoms . UNIT V .CRT . 18 .Kelvin & Kelvin’s Double Bridge . UNIT III : OSCILLOSCOPE : Block diagram .AC Voltmeter .11 Electronic Instrumentation UNIT I . 3.CRT screens & Graticules .V : PRINTER : Types. UNIT II .Maxwell – Hay . Amplitude & Phase .Delay line .Q Meter .BRIDGES : Wheatstone Bridge .Lissajou’s Patterns. UNIT IV .Balance Equation of General AC Bridges – Capacitance & Inductance Comparison Bridge .Vector Impedance Meter .Wien .TRANSDUCERS : Resistive Transducers – Inductive Transducers – Capacitive Transducers .Wave Analyzer .Vertical Deflection System .Function Generator .Antivirus.Calibration of DC Instruments – Study of a Typical Digital Multimeter.Motherboard & Cabinet Form Factor .Considerations in Analog Voltmeter – Series & Shunt Type Ohmmeter .Working .Piezo Electric Transducer . Interface & Troubleshooting .Harmonic Distortion Analyzer .

series solutions. second order linear equations in two variables and their classification. matrix eigenvalue problems: power method. Functional Analysis:Banach spaces. Algebra:Normal subgroups and homomorphism theorems. existence and uniqueness theorems. Finite dimensional inner product spaces. Riemann integration. Riesz representation theorem. Euclidean domains. Principle ideal domains and unique factorization domains. interpolation: error of polynomial interpolation. secant method. dominated convergence theorem. Lebesgue measure. Linear transformations and their matrix representations. method of Laplace transforms for solving ordinary differential equations. bounded linear operators. multiple integrals. uniform convergence. bilinear transformations. residue theorem and applications for evaluating real integrals. Partial Differential Equations: Linear and quasilinear first order partial differential equations. fixed point iteration. open mapping and closed graph theorems. Numerical Analysis: Numerical solution of algebraic and transcendental equations: bisection. surface and volume integrals. eigen values and eigen vectors. Prime ideals and maximal ideals in commutative rings. Fourier series. Gram-Schmidt orthonormalization process. Hermitian. numerical differentiation. Hahn-Banach extension theorem. linear second order ordinary differential equations with variable coefficients. Complex Analysis: Analytic functions. Liouville’s theorem. self-adjoint operators. diagonalisation. numerical integration: Trapezoidal and Simpson rules. Weierstrass approximation theorem. Lagrange. Taylor and Laurent’s series. Stokes and Gauss. Euler’s method. iterative methods (Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel). Ordinary Differential Equations: First order ordinary differential equations. Fatou’s lemma. measurable functions. Group actions.4. numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: initial value problems: Taylor series methods. rank. Lebesgue integral. Newton interpolations. completeness. 19 . least square polynomial approximation. compactness. maxima. linear ordinary differential equations of higher order with constant coefficients. complex integration: Cauchy’s integral theorem and formula. numerical solution of systems of linear equations: direct methods (Gauss elimination. maximum modulus principle. Sylow’s theorems and their applications. Runge-Kutta methods. functions of several variables. Real Analysis: Sequences and series of functions. Legendre and Bessel functions and their orthogonality. Newton-Raphson method. systems of linear first order ordinary differential equations. power series. automorphisms. minimal polynomial. minima. method of characteristics. Gauss Legendrequadrature. metric spaces. systems of linear equations. LU decomposition). Skew- Hermitian and unitary matrices. theorems of Green. Hilbert spaces. Fields. Cayley-Hamilton Theroem. orthonormal bases. line. finite fields. Mathematics Linear Algebra: Finite dimensional vector spaces. conformal mappings. method of undetermined parameters. principle of uniform boundedness.

central limit theorem. Weak and strong law of large numbers. alternate optima. Hungarian method for solving assignment problems. infeasible and unbounded LPP’s. conditional expectation. Balanced and unbalanced transportation problems. Mechanics: Virtual work. Hamiltonian equations. Dirichlet and Neumann problems. graphical method. convex sets and their properties. moments. maximum likelihood estimators. Linear regression. Testing of hypotheses. independence. Dual problem and duality theorems. joint and conditional distributions. Probability and Statistics: Probability space. conditional probability. 20 . countability and separation axioms. standard parametric tests based on normal. Linear programming: Linear programming problem and its formulation. solutions of Laplace. wave and diffusion equations in two variables. F – distributions. their iterative solutions. t. Topology: Basic concepts of topology. product topology.Cauchy. X2 . Sampling distributions. connectedness. compactness. standard probability distributions and their properties. Bayes theorem. dual simplex method and its application in post optimality analysis. u -u method for solving transportation problems. Calculus of Variation and Integral Equations: Variation problems with fixed boundaries. linear integral equations of Fredholm and Volterra type. simplex method. expectation. sufficient conditions for extremum. big-M and two phase methods. Urysohn’s Lemma. Fourier series and Fourier transform and Laplace transform methods of solutions for the above equations. basic feasible solution. Random variables. Lagrange’s equations for holonomic systems. UMVU estimators. Interval estimation.

nuclear models. Quantum Mechanics: Physical basis of quantum mechanics. Fourier analysis. critical point. partition function. particle in a box. elements of complex analysis.5. noninertial frames and pseudo forces. Bose-Einstein condensation. electronic transition in diatomic molecules. hyperfine structure. elements of superconductivity. elementary ideas about tensors. angular momentum and spin. Classical Mechanics: Conservation laws. Maxwell’s equations. defects in crystals. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics: Laws of thermodynamics. first and second order phase transitions. cyclic coordinates. Poynting vector. Xray spectra.dielectrics andconductors. matrices. nuclear binding energy. lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids. Nuclear and Particle Physics: Nuclear radii and charge distributions.and many-electron atoms. equation of motion. transport properties. Coulomb and Lorentz gauges. Electric and magnetic moments. Electromagnetic Theory: Solution of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems includingboundary value problems. scalar and vector potentials. central forces. Solid State Physics: Elements of crystallography. Poisson bracket. two and three dimensional potential problems. nuclear shell model. mechanics of system of particles. moment of inertia tensor. macrostates and microstates. classical and quantum statistics. vector calculus. radiation from a moving charge. periodic motion. electric dipole transitions and selection rules. Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s formalisms. Fermi gas model of nucleus. harmonic oscillator. relativistic kinematics. variational principle. Schrodinger equation. one. rigid body dynamics. refraction. diffraction and polarization. elastic properties of solids. rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules. addition of angular momenta. Biot-Savart’s and Ampere’s laws. small oscillations. liquid drop model – semi- empirical mass formula. time independent perturbation theory. nuclear force and two nucleon 21 . Franck-Condon principle. Physics (PH) Mathematical Physics: Linear vector space. Laplace transforms. collisions and scattering in laboratory and centre of mass frames. mass- energy equivalence. uncertainty principle. probability ensembles. black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law. dielectric and magnetic properties of solids. free energy. phase space. Poynting theorem. band theory of solids. calculation of thermodynamic quantities. linear differential equations. degenerate Fermi gas. Raman effect. Faraday’s law. linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space. diffraction methods for structure determination. interference. bonding in solids. normal modes. free electron theory. Zeeman and Stark effects. energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves. hydrogen atom. elementary scattering theory. semiconductors and insulators. special theory of relativity – Lorentz transformations. metals. lasers. Electromagnetic waves and their reflection. optical. LS and jj coupling. NMR and ESR. Atomic and Molecular Physics: Spectra of one. Kepler problem and planetary motion.

amplifier and oscillator circuits. fission and fusion. registers.problem. Alpha decay. quark model. counters. elementary particles.active filters and oscillators. A/D and D/A conversion. baryons.particle accelerators and detectors. photons. negative feedback circuits .nuclear reactions. flip-flops. semiconductor devices. regulated power supplies. operational amplifier. mesons and leptons. rectifier circuits. basic digital logic circuits. electromagnetic transitions in nuclei. Electronics: Network analysis. Field Effect Transistors. conservation laws.Rutherford scattering. sequential circuits. Bipolar Junction Transistors. Beta-decay. 22 .