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CONSTRUCTION SAFETY

Construction is the most dangerous
land based work sector. The problem is not
that the hazards and risks are unknown, it
is that they are very difficult to control in a
constantly changing work environment.
So, in every year, many people fall victim to
injury, harm and even death through
accidents on construction sites.

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY
The most common cause of fatalities to
workers in the construction sector over the
past nine years were
falls from
heights (49.6%)
roofs (17.6%)
ladders (12.0%)
scaffolds (11.2%)
openings or stairways (4.8%)
and others (4.0%)

IMPORTANCE
 Life & property
 Proper management of construction works
 Safe the total construction cost
 Reduce workers compensation claims
 Improved employee morale & satisfaction
 Increased productivity
 Reduced insurance cost

Safety Condition in Bangladesh
The construction industry is considered
as one of the most hazardous industrial
sectors wherein the construction workers
are more prone to accidents.
In developed countries such as United
Kingdom and United States of America, there
is strict legal enforcement of safety in the
construction industry and also in the
implementation of safety management
systems which are designed to minimize or
eliminate accidents at work places. However,
occupational safety in construction industry
is very poor in developing countries such as
Bangladesh.

Safety Condition in Bangladesh
In bangladesh maximum working site
is risky and full of danger. The workers are
not conscious about their own safety.they
are even ignorant about the danger.the
construction management have to conscious
about the construction safety of the
workers.We think ,the preventive technique
can minimize those hazards and save many
life.

Construction Accidents in Bangladesh According to Bangladesh Occupational Safety. . Health and Environment Foundation (OSHE) 107 workers are died and 195 workers are seriously injured.

SAFETY MEASURES Safety measures in different types of civil engineering construction are followed: Safety measures in –  Building construction  Bridge construction  Road construction .

unguarded.  Ensure that roof openings are not left unprotected. or uncovered. A retractable lanyard would allow the helper to do his job and still have fall protection. BUILDING CONSTRUCTION  Preventive measures: Employers should:  Have Site Safety Plans addressing potential hazards which could lead to injury or death.  Require that all hazards on the site be communicated on an ongoing basis to all workers in the area .  Equip all workers on the roof with fall protection.

 The platform is supported on cables fastened in equal intervals  Platform installation.  Side tarps should be create a full enclosure . redeployment and removal proceed quickly with minimal traffic disruption. BRIDGE CONSTRUCTION  The system designs should be flexible.

gradient & curvature should be maintained . signals & road markings  Maintaining traffic speed  Railing should be provided in hilly roads  Removed disturbed vehicles  Construction materials should have better quality  Over loading vehicles should not be permitted on the road  Super elevation . ROAD CONSTRUCTION  Using sign.

Root Causes for Construction Accidents  Inadequate construction planning & scheduling  Lack of proper training  Deficient enforcement of training  Unsafe equipment  Unsafe methods or sequencing  Unsafe site conditions  Not using safety equipment that was provided .

 Defective machinery on site  Falling structure or loads. . defective scaffolding. Root Causes for Construction Accidents  Poor communication  Lack of ineffective supervision  Absence of safety rules and safe work procedure  Lack of enforcement of safety rules and safe work procedure. forklifts etc.

Construction accidents  Scaffolding accidents  Welding accidents  Trench accidents  Toxic gas attack .

Construction accidents  Construction Site Falls  Crane Accidents  Run-Over by Operating Equipment  Electrical Accidents  Fires and Explosions  Unsafe/ Dangerous Equipment Accidents  Logging Accidents .

Construction accidents  Elevator Accidents  Structure Failure  Building Collapse  Supervisor Negligence  Fork Lift Accidents  Dumpster Accidents  Compressor Accidents  Exploding Compressor  Gas Explosions .

. Scaffolding Accidents Workers may die or be injured if scaffold equipment and fall protection systems or misused are defective.

3. The scaffold or part of it collapsing and throwing people from the working platform 4. . The collapse scaffold causing damage the adjacent property. Hazard associated with Scaffolding 1. People below the working platform being struck by material falling or being thrown from it. People falling from the working platforms 2.

 Low capacity of the side brackets  Loose bonding of scaffolding.  Weak scaffolding material. . Scaffolding Accidents Causes  Negligence on the part of the improper construction or maintenance.

Scaffolding Accidents Prevention  Scaffold must be sound. mid rails and toe boards  Scaffold must not be erected. rigid  Scaffold must be equipped with guardrails. . moved or altered except under the supervision of a competent person.

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The proposed regulations provide general requirements for all scaffolds  Use of a competent person to inspect scaffolds and equipment before use  Use of scaffold components capable of supporting proper loads  Proper shielding of ropes from corrosive processes or heat  Use of both guardrail systems and body belt or harness systems for work from suspension scaffolds .

This is especially true when you think about the more than 500.000 workers that are injured annually from welding. Welding Accidents Welding can be a very dangerous job. and is often the cause of accidents on construction sites . The risk of fatal injury is more than four deaths per thousand over a working lifetime. The hazards of welding are many and can be very serious. . cutting and braising.

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Welding accidents Causes  The ultra violet rays emitted by the welding process can give a very bad burn to not only exposed skin.  Excessive noise  Fire and excessive heat  Electrical shock  Ultraviolet (UV) radiation .  Excessive heat can burn skins. but also to the lens of the eye.  UV rays in welding can cause eye injury what is called “arc eye” .

leggings. and footwear. . gloves.  Wear appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as aprons.  A trained fire watch must be posted to look for fires during and after the welding job.  Combustible and flammable materials must be cleared from the welding area. Welding accidents Prevention  Using a welder’s mask properly can eliminate this types of accidents.

Welding accidents safety 26 .

 Improper shoring that can cause a cave in. but trench accidents seem to be the worst of all.  A recent hard rain it could shift the gravel and end up collapsing. . Causes  A machine working too near the edge of the support wall. Trench accidents Every accident that occurs on a construction site can be horrific.

Trench accidents .

Trench accidents .  Keep spoils at least two feet back from the edge of a trench .  Employ a registered professional engineer to design a protective system for trenches 20 feet deep or greater.  Always use a protective system for trenches feet deep or greater. Solutions  Never enter an unprotected trench.

. Trench accidents Solutions  Keep heavy machines far from edge of supporting wall.  Construction site should be examined by the engineer daily before starting of day’s work. one should protect the edge with some sort of sheet.  If there is a heavy rain.

Trench accidents . .

Trench Accident Wrong Right .

Face Shields  Full face protection  Protects face from dusts and splashes or sprays of hazardous liquids  Does not protect from impact hazards  Wear safety glasses or goggles underneath .

 Leakage of methane from cylinder. Toxic gas attack Causes  Presence of carbon monoxide in tanks. .  Presence of excessive carbon di oxide in air in a underground basement.

Toxic gas attack Prevention  By using the gas mask the inhalation can be prevent. .  By lighting a candle in the place the presence of these gases can be traced.  A free circulation of air should be done before working at the place.

Construction accidents  Construction Site Falls  Crane Accidents  Run-Over by Operating Equipment  Electrical Accidents  Fires and Explosions  Unsafe/ Dangerous Equipment Accidents  Logging Accidents .

Construction accidents  Elevator Accidents  Structure Failure  Building Collapse  Supervisor Negligence  Fork Lift Accidents  Dumpster Accidents  Compressor Accidents  Exploding Compressor  Gas Explosions .

harm and even death through accidents on construction sites. many people fall victim to injury. Construction Injuries Every year. . but most sites follow strict health and safety rules to ensure that these dangers are not a threat to the workers on the site. These sites are rife with danger.

Although many construction injuries are minor. . Traumatic injuries and even death may result from the negligence of coworkers or the failure to follow established safety procedures. Construction Injuries Construction injuries vary greatly based on the type of work being performed and the circumstances surrounding the environment and the individual that is affected. serious consequences must not be overlooked.

Types of Construction Injuries  Head Injury  Severed Nerve  Coma  Cumulative Trauma Disorder  Spinal Cord Injuries  Paralysis  Death Severe Gashes  Burn Injuries .

Types of Construction Injuries  Loss of Limb  Infected Wounds  Dislocations  Broken/Fractured Bones  Blinding Injuries  Hearing Loss .

and coma may result from a variety of hazardous situations at a work site. concussion. Traumatic brain injury. closed head injury. Unfortunately. hard hats are not barriers to all forms of head injuries that can happen at a construction site. These conditions can lead to long-term complications and death. . Head Injury Construction workers are required to take the well-known safety precaution of wearing a hard hat to prevent head injury.

their entire livelihood is likely to suffer. Severed Nerve Nerve damage can occur as a result of injury or swelling. nerves may be completely severed. In extreme cases. Construction workers rely on their physical capabilities to perform day-to-day work. When they are limited. When this occurs. a severed nerve injury can pose insurmountable challenges. a variety of medical conditions may result that may be irreparable. When the nerve affected is crucial to one's everyday life. A severed nerve may cause paralysis of the affected limb or a loss of sensation. .

even a partial recovery may be a gradual process. the condition may be followed by a persistent vegetative state or death. Coma A coma is a deep state of unconsciousness. When a coma results from a head trauma. . For patients who emerge from a coma. A patient suffering from a coma is alive but unable to move or respond to the environment around him or her.

. Paraplegia is the paralysis of the lower extremities and is most likely to occur at a lower level of injury than quadriplegia. It carries sensory signals and motor control to most of the skeletal muscles in the body. and nearly every voluntary muscle in the body below the head relies on the spinal cord for control. The severity of spinal cord injuries is often dependent upon the level of segments affected. Spinal Cord Injuries The spinal cord is a vital part of the human body. which affects both the arms and the legs.

Burn survivors often require extensive care that is not cheap. burn injuries are a very real risk at construction sites. Burn injuries are both slow to heal and extremely painful. steam. chemicals. a variety of burn injuries may occur that can have severe long-term consequences. with the pain lasting throughout the healing process and for years to follow. and electricity found at work sites. . and families of burn victims often must do battle with a sudden unexpected injury that has forever changed their lives. Burn Injuries Unfortunately. With copious amounts of heated water.

. or bisected as a result of physical trauma. There are many ways a construction worker may suffer broken or fractured bones on the work site. Broken/Fractured Bones A bone fracture takes place when a bone becomes splintered. cracked.

It is a tragedy when one loses their ability to see clearly as a result of a construction accident. and other eye disorders that significantly impair one's ability to see. . the loss of an eye. Such injuries can often be prevented through effective safety measures that are initiated and enforced at the managerial or supervisory level. Eye injuries are the leading cause of vision loss in one eye throughout the world. Eye injuries can cause blindness. Blinding Injuries It can be argued that humans rely on the sense of sight more than any other method of perception.

Although some forms of hearing loss can be reversed with medical treatment. many others lead to a permanent disability such as deafness. Alternatively. hearing loss can progressively occur from exposure to very loud noise over time. Hearing loss can be caused by physical trauma such as damage to the ear or brain centers that process aural information. This is of particular concern to construction workers who often perform their duties at extremely loud and busy work sites . Hearing Loss Hearing loss is defined as a decrease in one's ability to hear and perceive auditory information.

procedures. Hazad identification . and plans 5. Accountability 4. Employee engagement 3. Safety education and training 7. Management leadership and commitment 2. policies. and practices 6. Safety processes. Workplace safety 1. Safety programs.