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Geometry Definitions

Line: Is determined by two distinct end points and extends  Ray:  A part of a line that has only one endpoint. 
indefinitely in both directions.     End Point: Is the point at which a ray starts. 
 Perpendicular Lines:   
Intersecting lines that form right angles.  Angles: Two rays joined at the same end point. 
  Vertex:  Is the point at which the two rays meet. 
  Sides:     What the sides of the ray are called. 
Parallel Lines:  Lines that never intersect or  
cross each other.    
Right Angles: an angle that is exactly 90 degrees Straight Angle:  One angle that equals 180°  
Basically, a straight angle is a straight line. 

Vertical Angles:    Adjacent Angles: 
Vertical angles are opposite angles. They will form two acute angles and  Adjacent Angles are two angles that share a common 
two obtuse angles.    side.  They are also supplementary angles, which 
  means, the measure of the sums of their angles must 
 d and  b are vertical obtuse angle. They have the same measure  equal 180 degrees. 
 a and  c are vertical acute angles. They have the same measure  
Adjacent Angles   
 a and  d
 a and  b
 b and  c
 d and  c

Acute Angles:   Complementary Angles:  
one angle between 0· and 90· degrees.   Two angles whose measures  
  add up to 90o.  

Obtuse Angles:    Supplementary Angles: Two angles whose 
One angle between 90· and 180· degrees.   measures add up to 180°. 

Transversal  Alternate Interior Angles  
Two parallel lines intersected by a transversal form corresponding  For any pair of parallel lines intersected by a third 
pairs of angles that are congruent.  Several types of angles are  line, the transversal, alternate interior angles are 
formed: alternate interior,  alternate exterior , corresponding  and  formed. Alternate interior angles have the same 
vertical angles.   degree.  
  o  r
  p  q
    Triangles: The sum of the interior angles of a triangle equal 180° 

Saved: Geometry Definitions – Lines & Angles-1

Side AB corresponds to side DE Side AC corresponds to side DF Side BC corresponds to side EF AB AC 6 10    DE DF n 5 6 x 5  10n 3  n {the length of side DE is 3cm} Alternate Exterior Angles For any pair of parallel lines 1 and 2. angle A and angle D are called alternate exterior angles. For Example: The triangles below are similar. and inside the parallel lines are supplementary angles. but not necessarily the same size. and therefore the sum of their measures equals 180 degrees. Angle B and angle C are also alternate exterior angles. Both are acute angles or both are obtuse angles. Therefore.  o   q are corresponding interior angles  p   r are corresponding interior angles Saved: Geometry Definitions – Lines & Angles-1 2 . the measures of their corresponding angles are equal. think of corresponding angles as top-top and bottom-bottom Top Angles m q Bottom Angles o  s Top Angles n  r Bottom Angles p  t Corresponding Interior Angles Angles on the same side of the transversal.Similar Two polygons are similar if their corresponding sides are proportional. Alternate exterior angles have the same degree measurement. and the corresponding sides are in proportion. n  o m t Corresponding Angles Corresponding angles are two angles that are on the same side of the transversal. that are both intersected by a third line. They have the same measure. Similar Figures have the same shape. Corresponding Angles Study Tip: To help you remember this rule. such as line 3 in the diagram below.