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The Taj Mahal was built by a Mongul emperor named Sahah Jahan, for his wife Mumtaz

Mahal. Sahah Jahan was

 born in 1592, while his favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal was born in 1593. They married in 1612
and had seven children. In 1628 Shah Jahan became the Mongul Emperor. Only three years
later his beloved wife died shortly after childbirth. In 1632 Sahah Jahan began the project of
building a mausoleum, or tomb for his wife, the Taj Mahal.

     The Taj Mahal is located on the banks of the Yamuna River. It took twenty-two years to
complete with an estimated 20,000 workers. The building is surrounded by four 138 ft.
minarets and sits on a 315 ft. square marble platform. Each side has a 110 ft. arch and
center dome is around 200 ft. high. T he building is built in an Islamic style of architecture.

Centered in the building is a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal. Next to her tomb, is the tomb for
Sahah Jahan. The tombs in the building are empty. The bodies of the two are buried in a
crypt below the building. The entire plan of the Taj Mahal is symmetrical, with one exception.
Symmetrical means that one side of the building could mirror the other side if cut down the
middle. The only exception is the tomb of Sahah Jahan which was added later to the
building. There is a story which suggest that Sahah Jahan was planning on building a replica
of the Taj Mahal for himself on the other side the river, though no evidence or plans of this
has ever been found.

     Sahah Jahan was overthrown by his own son and imprisoned in the Red Fort within sight
of the Taj Mahal. He was forced to spend the last eight years of his life in prison till his death
in 1666.