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IN AND PROFESSOR OF DIVINITY ST. GRAPEL. & J. & SOLD BY W. PALI. LIVERPOOL. LONDON: PRINTED FOR ST. CHURCH YARD. MALI. AUTHOR OF " AMERICA M. IN 1842.THE CITY OF THE MORMONS. 1842. MISSOURI. RIVINGTON. AND WATERLOO PLACE. BY THE REV. PAUL'S J. . G. AND THE AMERICAN CHURCH. KEMPER COLLEGE. HENRY CASWALL. F.A. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. LOUIS.
HERETICS. and be made one fold under one Jesus Shepherd. TO THY FLOCK. hatest nothing that thou hast made mercy upon all : have Jews. Christ our Lord. and take from them hardness of heart. one God. . who all hast made and men. Infidels. saved that they may be among the remnant of true Israelites. and so fetch them home. AMEN.O merciful God. and all ignorance. blessed Lord. Turks. world end. and contempt of thy word. liveth who and with the reigneth thee and Holy without Spirit.
to be seen in its true light to be hated and if the following pages. which.PREFACE. is presented to the Christian public. may perhaps form V. Mormonism needs but . on the Author's part. he will consider himself amply rewarded. June 19. the subject of a future publication. from its com- mencement vD to the present time. the result of a few weeks' on shipboard. of the iniquity of an imposture. should assist in awakening public indignation against a cruel delusion and a preposterous heresy. consisting almost exclusively of the personal testimony of the Author. in is name spreading extensively in America and Great Britain. Liverpool. ' A History of Mormonism. - I . THE leisure following narrative. 1842. under the of religion. with a deep sense.
at We behold the an ideal form of perfection. THE may be seen in a novel aspect. and. mind grasping A new religion must.THE CITY OF THE MORMONS. on the one hand. be re- garded by Christians as a mere imposture. to watch the demeanour of those who have succeeded in establishing a spiritual dominion. on the other hand. to notice the conduct of those who believe themselves surrounded by the full blaze of prophecy and miracle. however. as it is to contemplate our fellow-beings deceiving and deceived. it is instructive. Painful. and rejoicing in its fancied intercourse with the Supreme Being. of necessity. rise and progress of a new religion afford a subject of the highest interest to the philosophical Under these circumstances human nature observer. . exulting in the imaginary possession of revelations.
a new religion has arisen. forms of schism. amid countless present day. It has introduced a new book as a depository of the revelations of God. and to consider themselves as saints while in the practice of impiety. It professes to admit the inspiration of the Old and New Testaments. imperatively demands that the progress of error How gladly should we should be diligently noted. and has substituted a false church in its stead. stance. receive the testimony of one who had been a witness of the early growth of the religion of Mahomet ! How highly should we esteem an authentic account of the process by which the corrupt Christian of the seventh century was gradually alienated from the faith of his fathers. It teaches men to regard a profane and ignorant impostor as a special prophet of the Almighty. In a historical point of view it is worthy of all the light which careThe cause of truth ful investigation can bestow. which in practice has almost superseded the sacred Scriptures. It robs them sometimes of their subtheir honesty . and induced to accept as divine the " revelations" of the Arabian impostor To give such a testimony. the growth of a new religion a subject merely of philosophical curiosity. to describe such a process. and too often of and finally . is within the power of the traveller at the ! In Western America. as if in punishment for the it sins of Christendom. possesses many common with the religion of Christ. the Atonement and But it has cast away that Divinity of the Messiah. it even acknowledges the Trinity.2 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS Nor is . features in Like Mahometanism. Church which Christ erected upon the foundation of Apostles and Prophets.
than seriously opposed it. sends them. crowded the decks of a steamer which had just finished a westward voyage of fourteen hundred miles from Pittsburg. beneath a shade of deep spiritual darkness. which would shortly overturn itself. into the presence of that God of truth whose holy faith they have denied. There a quantity of ploughs. Early in April. as it is denominated) was literally swarming with life. 1842. a large portion of whom are natives of Christian and enlightened England. truly exciting. and the crew were piling it upon the shore in regular and well-constructed layers. has been gradually reduced to shape and proportion. four hundred miles to the north. situated on the western bank of the Mississippi. have been brought to What was at first crude and undigested. scythes. Here a ponderous consignment of lead had arrived from Galena. At the present moment Mormonism numbers more than a hundred thousand adherents. sensible and religious persons. both in rather ridiculed it imagined Europe and in America.OR. They to be an absurd delusion. aid. a vessel that had deB 2 . Louis. where about forty steam-boats were busily engaged in receiving or dis- charging their various cargoes. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. and other agricultural implements. Rome. from which Kemper College sity led is six miles distant. The spectacle was The landing-place (or levfa. Curio- me to the river's side. business took me to St. almost equal to those of its But system and discipline. In another place. At the first preaching of Mormonism. a city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The immediate cause of my visit to Nauvoo was the following.
"plenty of we have three hundred English emigrants. and found that they were from the neighbourhood of Preston in Lancashire. I begged them to be on their guard. with a noise like thunder.THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . They were. having completed her voyage of twelve hundred miles. I proceeded on board . myself to some of them. was blowing off the steam from her high pressure engines . and as soon as the stoppage of the steam permitted me to be heard. was landing pork and other produce of the fertile West while farther down a large steam-boat from New Orleans. They were decent-looking people. they professed to ." New Orleans. was his reply. and here I beheld my unfortunate countrymen crowded I addressed together in a most comfortless manner. Desiring to know something respecting the passengers in the last boat. and suggested to them the importance of not committing themselves and their property to a person who had their plans. scended the rapid current of the Missouri for many hundred miles in an easterly direction. crowded with passengers from the South. however. long been known in that country as a deceiver. "Plenty of live stock . bent upon completing the journey which they had designed." I walked into that portion of the vessel appropriated to the poorer class of travellers. I took the liberty of questioning them respecting and found that they were indeed the dupes of the missionaries of Mormonism. on their way to join Joe Smith. and by no means all of the lowest class. the prophet at Nauvoo. I inquired of the clerk of the boat how many persons he had brought from live stock. and although they civilly listened to my statements.
fluence of the Missouri and the Mississippi. by that perthings. an interview with the prophet himself. were principally emigrants from the passengers eastern states. as her advertisement assured me. and in the morning we were pushing our way through the comparatively clear waters. I had further provided myself with an ancient Greek manuscript of the Psalter written upon parchment." I had laid aside my clerical apparel. Those in the cabin were so numerous. and du Chien." booming of our high-pressure engine re-echoed from The the buildings and the woods along the shore. Occasionally we passed a small village." all hold of the From this moment I determined to visit the strongnew religion. hold verted precept of Scripture fast that which is good. and probably about six hundred years old. if possible. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. " Prove O be guided in reference to the prophet . and to obtain. and along the woody banks of the Upper Mississippi. Shortly after six o'clock our paddles were in motion. April 15th. "for Galena. Dubuque. I embarked on board " the fine steamer Republic. Accordingly. and two or three times during the day . that our long supper-table was three times replenished at our evening meal while a still greater number crowded the apartments of the deck ." little ship of the prophet. on their way to the new settlements in Iowa and Wisconsin. and had assumed a dress in which there was Prairie " minisprobability of my being recognized as a the scholarIn order to test ter of the Gentiles. During the night we passed the conpassengers. on Friday evening.OR." bound. and we were stemming the " Father of while the current of the rapid waters.
was pleasant. . and occupied. The rapids prevent the passage of steam-boats during the greater part of the year. while on the Illinois or boldly eastern side. neatly fenced. Nauvoo in all its opened upon " my view. on account of the shallowness of As the the water and the strength of the current. by Mormon emigrants who had recently arrived. and one dense mass of heavy timber covered The the picturesque bluffs to their very summit. and the sycamore. were putting forth their early leaves at a short distance in the back- ground. enjoying a fine During prospect of the noble river and its shores. and forms a beauOn the western side were a number of curve." with Illinois on the right hand. as the steamer gradually came round I new houses with gardens was told. the upper country. latter-day glory" lay . and slowly made our way against a stream running perhaps seven miles an hour. the following night we continued our ascending course. we experienced no difficulty. and early on Sunday morning we were at the foot of the " Des Moines Rapids. sugar-maple. Our cabin windows were frequently brushed by the branches and clustering foliage of the cotton. and I sat almost constantly upon day " hurricane" the highest or deck. we landed at some rising town but generally the scene was one in which nature enjoyed undisturbed The river was high from frequent rains in repose. The Mississippi is here river tiful about a mile and a half in width. was now full.6 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . the curve. the Mormon city At length. and its surface was about one foot lower than the top of the verdant banks. and Iowa on the left.wood trees the . Farther onward the bluffs of Iowa rose from the water's edge.
/ The landing-place being difficult of access from the rapidity of the current. and a strong breeze had raised a moderate swell on No ferryman was to be the face of the stream. It New York by the ordinary course of was nine o'clock on Sunday morning. proceeded to take their seats. and more than once the canoe seemed to yield to the stream. and we were again in open water. At my request they accommodated me with a place. hewed from the trunk of a tree. thirteen their way to the meeting in Nauvoo. before me. and lying close to the sun the bank.OR. two hundred and thirty miles from St. Louis. as usual in this region. the steamer took touching for a waters. and for a few minutes it was a problem how I should cross to Nauvoo. . found. fifteen hundred miles from the mouth of the majestic river before me. and put their paddles in motion. and moment. Here I thought we should be effectually baffled. The problem was soon solved by the appearance of a long and narrow canoe. until they of the river. immediately opposite. At length the stout sinews of the Mormons After prevailed. culty. in the next moment was again ploughing the descending to me Montrose Here I was in Iowa. was shining brightly. and shortly after- wards pushed from the shore. little . while I stepped on shore. They worked their way with some diffireached two islands near the middle Between these there was no swell. Mormons on In this doubtful-looking craft. and wind but the current ran against us through a narrow passage with the rapidity of a mill-race. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. and two thousand miles west of travel.
Many greyheaded old men were there. on the summit of which the temple is in the course of It was to this last-mentioned spot that erection. This was the Temple. The view of the winding Mississippi from this elevation was truly grand. with my companions I directed my steps. The temple being unfinished. the walls of which had advanced eight or ten feet above the ground. I found myself close to a large unfinished stone building. but subsequent inquiry led me to place the estimate three or four thousand lower. Having ascended the hill. we safely The situation of the place is rather striking. within a short distance of the sanctuary. Above the curve of the Des Moines rapids the Mississippi makes another curve almost semicircular towards the east.8 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . and the whole of the lower part of the town was distinctly seen. and many well-dressed . about half-past ten o'clock a congregation of perhaps two thousand per- sons assembled in a grove. circle east The extend across the semi- and west. are bounded on the south by a rising ground. labouring hard for more than half an hour landed at Nauvoo. by the river. Their appearance was quite respectable. and fully equal to that of dissenting meetings generally in the western country. running northward to the angles by river. which. and upon streets this site the city has been laid out. The ground included within the semicircle is level. I was informed by my companions that the population of Nauvoo was about ten thousand. being limited at each extremity These streets are intersected at right others.
he proceeded in the following strain " We thank thee. of great signs old. Having dwelt for a few minutes on the character and perfections of the Almighty. He then made a few commonstanding. but with gation. had now been led into this den of heresy. the congregation listened for some time to the perform- ances of a choir of men and women. born among the privileges of England's Church. remarks on the nature of prayer after which. he began to pray. appeared in a thick jacket of He in the blue coat gave out a hymn. and his companion. One wore a blue coat. place leaning forward on a railing in front of the platform. and to imbibe the principles of a semi-pagan delusion. by the congre. and the elastic step of the American. The officiating elders not having yet arrived. their clear complexions. 9 I perceived numerous groups of the pea. strongly contrasting with the slight figure. females. and taught to lisp her prayers and repeat her catechism. and ascended a perate-looking man. that thou hast in these : latter tion. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. to listen to the ravings of a false prophet.OR. all little spirit. and their heavy movements. as in the days of We thank Thee that. green baize. a stout intem- to be a professional singing-master. elders came forward. There. which was sung. too. were the bright and innocent looks of little children. O Lord. baptized with her consecrated waters. the sallow visage. days restored the gifts of prophecy. of revelaand wonders. as thou didst formerly raise up thy servant Joseph to deliver his brethren . directed by one who appeared At length two platform rudely constructed of planks and logs. who. santry of old England their sturdy forms.
and may the glory of the Lord be revealed and all flesh see it together Bring ! thy sons from and thy daughters from the ends of the earth. his bow may abide in strength. and the arms of his hands may be made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob. and as doves to their windows. that the sons of strangers may build up its walls. and hated him. a land flowing with milk and honey. and every mountain and hill be made low. which is the glory of all lands. that We Thou wouldest pray for thy servant and prophet Joseph. bless him and prosper him. and shot at him. and the elder in green baize.10 in THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . and gather together the dispersed from the four corners of the earth. far. to save his brethren sion. every man land. Egypt. so Thou hast now raised up another Joseph from bondage to sectarian delu- and to bring them into this great and good land. We to his heritage and every man to his pray that as thou hast set up this place as an ensign for the nations. commenced a discourse." Thus he proceeded for perhaps half an hour. so Thou wouldest continue to assemble here the outcasts. We pray also for thy holy temple. and the crooked places straight. after which he sat down. and which Thou didst promise to be an inheritance for the seed of Jacob for ever- more. and let them bring their silver and their gold with them. for the heat of the sun was now considerable. having thrown aside his jacket. and as a cloud. . and the rough places plain. fly to it We pray Thee also to hasten the ingathering of thy people. that although the archers have sorely grieved him. May every valley be exalted. that the nations of the earth may bring gold and incense.
OR. pious. as he was hand at quoting. him an unjust God. he could not tell where. all men without respect of persons. I hav'nt a Bible with me." but he thought it was in the Reve" read the " If it's not lation. American aborigines had never received a revelation. home. some two hundred years since. precise Puritans brought over with them. . I guess. the . somewhere. a cruel God. the old-fashioned book called the Bible. stated that Christ had redeemed . and you'll find it. whole book through." Now this verse. by Jews. and suited to particular circumstances and particular classes. These views were for the most part incorrect. and were yet to be judged together with the Jews and the Christians. he proceeded to observe. God was most horribly unjust and he. until Columbus discovered it. People were generally content with certain preconceived views on this subject derived from tradition. 11 He began by stating the importance of forming correct views of the character of God. would never love such a God he could only hate He said there was a verse somewhere in the him. " a bad Bible." he said. that preNow God had cious old book called the Bible. I left mine at therefore." five promised to judge If." Thus also people in general had been " traditioned" to suppose that divine revelation was confined to hatred. they supposed that this vast continent of America had been destitute of all revelation for thousand years. and " the good. for his part. On the other hand. a book principally written in Asia. in ' opinion respecting God made a partial God. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. a fact. The common God worthy only of the greatest devil in the universe. there. as it ain't necessary.
and nation and had made them unto God But in America there were the kings and priests. would giving self in cast me or any body else into hell. men by his blood out of every kindred. and throughout America. in Palestine. Scotland. and not a complete revelation. thousands and tens of thou- . and they had the blessing of revelation mainly through the medium of that chosen servant of God." he said. and at the Cape of Good Hope. and tongue. as and to see what he was they profanely termed him many who came to laugh remained to and soon the kings and nobles of the earth would count it a privilege to come to Nauvoo and doing. in Africa. Joseph Smith. and Wales . Ireland. behold the great work of the Lord in these latter " The work of God is prospering. and people. ruins of vast cities. in the East and West Indies. nor were they designed " that God " Am I to said to be so. Australia." he. without a revelation ?" God now revealed Himtruly as he me America just as had ever done in Asia. from God must consequently have been granted to them. Revelations redeemed by the blood of Christ. God must have had priests and kings among those nations. and numbers of them must have been . but pray. believe.12 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS. The Old and New Testaments were therefore only portions of the revelations of God. The Gentiles often came to Nauvoo to look at the prophet Joseph old Joe. The present congregation lived in the midst of wonders and signs equal to those mentioned in the Bible. and wonderful edifices. days. therefore. which proved that great and civilized nations had existed on this continent. " in in England. If the Bible was true.
the . and I defy all earth and hell to stop it. 13 sands are getting converted by our preachers. That the said house should be called the "Nauvoo House. Yes be done it will be done. great and glorious work has begun. surely. which He had appointed for Zion. when duty and interest the world. Joseph. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. then. should show them. such a one as his servant. and his seed after him from generation And that the Lord had also comgeneration. might lodge therein. thin." A hymn was now sung and afterwards a tall. on the and provincial accent. : while they should contemplate the word of the Lord. and the work must be done. and the Lord hath required us to take stock ." and should be for a house of boarding that the kings and nobles of the earth. the Lord has commanded this work. He speak of business. per annum. " lows Now. and are selling off The all they have that they may come to Nauvoo. and leaning forward railing. That in this house the Lord had said that there should be reserved a suite of rooms for his ser- to vant Joseph. said that his office required him to They were all aware that God had by special revelation appointed a committee of four persons. tell . with a strong nasal twang . and had required them to build a house unto his name. and received by the committee : for the purpose of The speaker proceeded as folbuilding the house.OR. spoke for half an hour with great volubility. rose up. and the corner-stone. The Gentiles. are baptized for the remission of sins. and all weary travellers. it shall men of us that such stock must pay twentyfive per cent. manded that stock should be subscribed by the saints. brethren. New-England Yankee.
you will not be backward to contribute. considering how many of their hard-earned sovereigns should be devoted to the pious work of building a fine hotel for the prophet and his posterity. Let not the poor man say. that these earnest appeals for money were designed mainly for the ears of the three hundred green saints who had just arrived. to obey God's command. brethren. I am too poor . until they In the mean time. They were listen- give you a blessing. and all ready to start but we cannot send out the expedition without money. and the rich man out of his wealth. and borrowing. and. . and the committee appointed by the Lord have had to go on borrowing. even though you may not dress so finely as you do now. the poor man contribute out of his poverty. But we cannot go on in this way any longer. to get pinewood for the edifice. and the committee are not able to pay them. having expended five thousand upon the work of the Lord. But only a small amount of stock has hitherto been taken. and fine houses." During this address. ing with fixed attention. and take stock. or build such with seven thousand dollars. Louis. chanics employed on the house want their pay. go together.THE CITY OF THE MORMONS. the mecan borrow no longer. The thought arose in my mind. The com. and God will but let I noticed some of the English emigrants whom I had seen a few days previously on board the steam-boat at St. We have a crew engaged. mittee have the made commandment great personal sacrifices to fulfil of the Lord I myself came here : now I have only two thousand. I call on you. doubtless. We have a boat ready to be towed up the river to the pine country.
they called on all believers in the book of Mormon. This address being concluded." ten-dollar in his life Another person rose and stated that he had lost a bill. he ought to restore it . a if ten-dollar bill had escaped from him. and appeared equally familiar with worldly business and operations in finance. and said that a certain brother. had lost a keg of white lead. and any of . much more ought he he 1 to restore it . he always kept it very safely . At length. The elder who had delivered the first discourse now rose. too. apparently from Yorkshire. but if any of the brethren present has stolen the he.OR. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO." said . wrought up the zeal of the congregation to a sufficient pitch. as with prophecies and the book of Mormon. there was much whis- among the audience. and I detected two Mormons. and give in their names with the amount of their subscriptions. that as they appeared not to have made up their minds as to the amount which they would take. thinking it was his own. as they supposed. in the very act pering of nodding and winking at each other. two other elders They spoke with great fluency. 15 followed in a similar strain. none came forward and one of the elders coolly remarked. " keg. be. who felt disposed to take stock. However. and that. Upon this appeal. to come forward before the congregation. may will get cotched . he requested all who wished to become stockholders to come to his house the next afternoon at five o'clock. but now. Now. or else. having. if any of the brethren present has taken it by mistake. He had never lost any money before . whom he " named. within the corporation limits of the city of Nauvoo.
" felt While he was a methodist he 2 that he was per- . or taken it. the brethren had found it. place baptisms for the dead are to be celebrated. or covered with plates of gold. and painted white . large as .16 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . and stands at the centre of the unfinished temple. as well as baptisms for the healing of diseases but baptisms for the remission of sins are to be performed in . It rests upon the backs of twelve oxen. but are to be hereAt this after gilded. I two. as but for life. to see the temple. and is designed to be the finest west of Philadelphia. which is completed. eighteen or twenty feet square. and tolerably well sculptured some reason. are of wood. This font is. finally concluded. a capacious laver. companion told me that he was originally a member of the Methodist Episcopal My . entirely destitute of The laver and oxen feet. though possessed of legs. A hymn was now sung. perhaps mystical. He would here restore the fulness of the He showed me the great baptismal font. declared that priesthood. walked with the As the congrega- Mormon who had brought building edifice me is over in his canoe. in fact. and the service (if such it it may be o'clock called) till having continued from half-past ten tion dispersed. light. and about four in depth. the Mississippi. that in this house the Lord designed to reveal unto his Church things which had been kept secret from the foundation of the world and that He had eighty in breadth . he hoped would be restored. Church in Canada but that he had obtained greater and had been led to join the " latter-day saints. by . The Mormon informed me. The a hundred and twenty feet in length.
Jeremiah. or Ezekiel. apparently the mistress of the house. close intercourse with the Almighty. that he could not readily confute them. will form a capacious building. . was seated by c . Passing the prophet Smith's house. Many pas- Roman Catholics. But since he had been led to embrace Mormonism. fectly right. spiration of Joseph could be proved more readily than That Joseph that of Isaiah. new the Scriptures light had opened upon his soul had become perfectly clear. but neat. we arrived at the House. He replied. except These had so much of the true and ancient Church mixed up with their corruptions. the deter- that the truth of Mormonism depended on mination of the question. a prophet of God." The walls are the hotel founded by "revelation. . tavern. An old woman. advanced about as much as those of the temple. had received revelations ever since he was fifteen years of age and that the outlines of Mormonism were made known to him at a time when he could . whether Joseph Smith was. and. I observed." While conversing on when completed. fectly inexplicable to him. 17 the and could confute all other sects.OR. and the unknown tongues the same prophetical inspiration the same . sages of the Scriptures remained at that time perand he felt that no deno- mination was organized exactly on the primitive plan. and he had discovered a Church entirely conformable to the primitive model having the same divinely appointed ministry. that the inin fact. or antici- pated its triumphant success. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. where I called to get dinner. the same miraculous gifts of healing. which is one of the best in the city. " Nauvoo these subjects. . I arrived at a small. not possibly have planned so vast a work.
Scotchman. I remarked how greatly deficient they appeared in dignity and spirituality and contrasted them with the decorous and solemn worship of the Church of England. From the tavern. He added. and all religions which required people to wear a sanctimonious and hypocritical exterior. which she scarcely devoutly reading the book of Mormon." was by no means flattering told a person in Montrose. that a steam ferry-boat had been purchased. That the Mormons despised long faces. and would soon be in operation. and probably intelligent. That all their solemnity was produced by hypocrisy and false doctrines respecting God. to them. that the number of passengers had become so considerable. He "the saints. that the ferry was the property of the prophet Joseph. Here I found a decent. further informed me. and that their members loved lies more than truth. and of the Scotj tish Kirk. He . the Scotchman replied with great as well as to the derogathe preacher had alluded to warmth. that it was . on the Iowa side of the river. the keg of white lead and the ten-dollar tory manner in which " the old-fashioned book called the Bible." Although I endeavoured to speak with mildness. I proceeded to the landing-place. THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . 1 particularly referred to bill. that Mormonism was making rapid progress in Scotland.18 the fire. I afterwards found that his opinion of the character of his brethren. Conversing wiih him on the subject of the services which I had ju&t witnessed. that the English and Scottish Churches taught lies. from lifted her eyes as I entered. and engaged the ferryman to take me over to MonI found this trose. person to be a Mormon and learned from him.
whom I found to be one " Gentiles " induced of the numerous by curiosity to " Zion " of the West. and. and proceeded to the ferry to obtain a passage. tables. for it was sure to be stolen by the people there they had so much of the devil in them.OR. and a numerous progeny. I . On arriving at Montrose. The boatman." . and a wooden As we were about to push off. his wife. chairs. This gentleman. had provided himself with a heavy flat-boat. The father of the visit the c 2 . The family soon came on board. He at once desired me to make his in house my home. which promised us a long voyage. They had with them two oxen. Louis. It consisted of a simple-looking American. bedding. and the ability to expose their designs. horseback came on board. On I took the following morning (Monday. being engaged to take over a family emigrating to Nauvoo. a traveller on clock. and offered me every assistance researches. two cows and a calf. His family united with me in religious services (for there is no place of Under his hospitable worship in the neighbourhood) proceedings of the morning. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. the encroachments of the Mormons. I went to the house of a gentleman to whom I had brought letters of introduction from St. after the awful felt happy to be once more among Christians. prosecuting my roof I spent a pleasant evening. with his lady and his brother. my venerable Greek manuscript of the Psalter. April 18th). he has been an object of constant persecution since the settlement of these people in his vicinity. 19 " no use to hoist a flag at Nauvoo as a signal to passengers. has resided many years at Montrose and as he possesses the independence to resist .
whom the rumour of the arrival of a strange book had collected. On the way. Smith possessed some remarkable I added Egyptian curiosities. the ferryman and his men began to venture out into the broad stream. to pull over to Nauvoo. its discoloured parchments. family stated that he had become confounded by the conflicting doctrines of the sects.20 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . in order to cross. the in I accordingly unfolded I it from had enveloped it. The storekeeper informed me that Mr. Smith was absent. to the curiosities. I would show him in return a very wonderful book which had lately come into my possession. I held some conversation with my companion. that. Smith could be induced to show me his treasures. which . T entered it. mitted to take the small was perand. I skiff alongside. and begged to be permitted to see the wonderful book. I mentioned that I had been informed that Mr. which I wished to see. and found him to be thoroughly wedded to his delusion. As I was in haste to get over. I passed along a straggling street of considerable length bordering on the strand. in com- pany with the emigrant. and. Having proceeded consi- derably above Nauvoo. He promised to obtain for me admission evening. and imagined that in Church Mormonism he had finally discovered the only true Our heavy boat was rowed up about a mile . I produced to view its covers of worm-eaten oak. if Mr. Arriving at the city. Perceiving a respectable-looking store (or shop). close to the Iowa shore. having gone to Carthage that morning but that he would return about nine o'clock in the . and began to converse with the storekeeper. many wrappers in the presence of the storekeeper and many astonished spectators.
going doubtless I shall find some learned man it. to hasten the return of Joseph. if I would remain and assured me that they would ferry me over the river as often as I desired it. in This I declined. that the Lord had chosen the weak things of the world to confound the mighty . one person wiser than his fellows." in one of the universities this he answered with a sneer. At length I yielded to their importunities. declared that he knew it to be a revelation from the Lord. free of charge besides furnishing me with a carriage and horses to visit the beautiful .OR. Looking at me with a patronizing air. Nauvoo must be very all They . and replied. and. he assured me that I had brought it to the right place to get it interpreted. stay promised to my pay my expenses. where the hidden things of darkness could be revealed by divine power. who can expound To that he had made foolish the wisdom of this world . All expressed the utmost anxiety that I should remain in the city until the prophet's return. 21 and its mysterious characters. that if they would bring me over from Montrose on the following morning. after a long silence. or unfold its real antiquity and value. for that none on earth but the Lord's prophet could explain " it. They were . prairies in the vicinity. I would exhibit the book to the prophet." I " I am to England next week. The storekeeper offered immediately to send an express eigh- teen miles to Carthage. and told him that limited. Surprise was depicted on the countenances of all present. Oh. and promised. and that brought I me ought to thank Providence for having to Nauvoo. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. and that probably it was one of the lost books of the Bible providentially recovered.
Mr. He led me to a room behind his store. pressed my intention of hearing both sides of the question." Having introduced me. that he was as bad as the people of Missouri. with Egyptian inscriptions and hieroglyphics. Smith had discovered that these sheets contained the writings of Abraham. By some inexplicable mode. as the storekeeper informed me. and that I ought not to believe a word that he said. President of the Church of Latter Day Saints. From this he drew number of glazed slides. very desirous that the night but as . like picture frames. They again pressed me most earnestly not to return to Montrose but I continued firm. I mentioned the name of my hospitable entertainer upon clined their pressing invitation. together with several Mormons.22 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS I I . and ex. and proceeded to what appeared to be a small chest of drawers. containing sheets of papyrus. which the prophet had purchased at a cost of twenty-four hundred dollars. to this sanctum sanctorum. take my book while I slept. on the door of which " Office of was an to the effect inscription following : Joseph Smith. to . and said that he was their bitter enemy and persecutor. should remain at had my fears that might have a revelation. written with his own hand while in Egypt. The storekeeper now proceeded to redeem his promise of obtaining for me access to the curiosities. which they used the most violent language against him. he locked the door behind him. These had been unrolled forth a from four mummies. I very respectfully desaints Nauvoo during some of the requiring them to They then requested know where I was staying in Montrose. Pointing to the figure of a man .
He preferred Canada to the United and the British government was. you mean those stripes across the " dress of one of Jacob's wives ?" Yes. 2*3 " That is the picture of lying on a table. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO." Turning to another of the drawers." " That is indeed curious. This wives. a very respectable looking Mormon asked me to walk over to his house. those are the four quarters figures ? of the earth. in his opiStates that he me town District in . and pointing to a hieroglyphic representation." " Jacob's ladder I remarked standing on the ground. . he said. had he not been desirous of remaining to see the wonderful works of the Lord in Nauvoo. " Mr. I Now do you Jacob." He informed had migrated from the JohnsUpper Canada. And do you see that big dog looking four little at the four figures ? That is the old Devil desiring devour the four quarters of the earth Look at this person keeping back the big dog. and only reaching up to his wife's waist. figure near the side is Look down this way. He would have returned to that country before. Abraham on the point of being sacrificed. Do you see those Well. Smith informs us that this picture is an emblem of redemption.OR." After this edifying explanation. " that is Jacob's ladder. That is Jesus Christ keeping the devil from devouring the four to quarters of the earth. That man standing by him with a drawn knife is an idolatrous Abraham prayed to God." he said. . one of the Mormons said. priest of the Egyptians. and those are his two " see those ?" steps What. who immediately unloosed his bands." " do replied. This person was one of the committee appointed bv " revelation" to build the " Nauvoo house. and delivered him.
too. nion. England might rely upon it that the Mormons would not be her enemies. and had among the " Saints." found everywhere English muskets bearing the date The Indians were already making prepaof 1839. The Indians. whom the Americans had persecuted almost as badly as the Missourians had persecuted the Mormons. He regarded a strong monarchy as essential to good government. it The crowd having cleared away.24 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . and considered that I undervalued it greatly. none but me on could explain it and congratulated the providence which had brought me and my wonderful book to Nauvoo. with the assistance of the oppressed negroes and Indians. by reason of I my ignorance of its contents. They all looked upon it as something supernatural. the entrance of numerous The conversation was now interrupted by Mormons. meaning. which he considered little better than an organized mob. and certainly a rein a beautiful situation . He had lately been among their tribes. were decidedly friendly to England. who begged to be permitted to see and handle the wonderful book. my host asked of Nauvoo. and believed that this opinion was generally held In the event of a war between England and America. but that was . I told him that me to give my opinion markable place. greatly superior to that of the Americans. It was in vain assured them that a slight acquaintance with Greek its would enable any person to decipher They were unanimous their prophet in the opinion that . rations for espousing the cause of England in a war He foretold that great desolation with America. especially in the Western States. was about to be inflicted on America by England.
which stretched across the world with two " great wings." I said. " Woe to the land shadowing with wings." was the I ." he answered. reply. and was not surprised at my unbelief. " but probably this let map was wrong. as a man of common sense. is not America beyond " Have " Yes. by the map. 25 I considered it the offspring of a most astonishing and unaccountable delusion. like those of an eagle ? Stop. would have described a country in the west. but says." " now tell me in what direction from Palesreplied " tine is Ethiopia?" South. as lying beyond another which is due south ?" He was silent for a moment. "where Isaiah wrote his book." I said.' " that may be true . to say nothing of his prophetical character. I begged for the He pointed to the sentence. He said that he admired my candour. but to North and South America." said my host. he replied. " here is my little girl's school atlas. He assured me. ceeded to inform me mentioned by the prophet Isaiah. think that Isaiah. chapter and verse. rica ?" " In what direction from Palestine is Ame"Now do you "West. in the first place." know the number I now of troops requested him to composing the me Nauvoo ." Ethiopia ?" you a map ?" I said.OR." Very well. seeing that I was a stranger to the people and He then prorespecting these evidences. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO." " In he answered. that America had been to the evidences of their faith. "does not the prophet ? describe the situation ' of the land Observe that he " " the rivers of Ethiopia. it is beyond Well." "Now tell me." Now to what land could this refer. and then confessed that he had never thought of studying the Bible by the map . " Palestine.
stand before the judgment-seat of Christ but what I My say to you now. I walked over to the store. He believed that the Mormons held many doctrines in sects in common with the Irvingites and He cherished the belief in England. and in a future restoration of all souls to the divine favour. desirous of seeing the wonders of Nauvoo. I would say on my death-bed. He considered that when the restitution of all things takes place. but inferior to that of British troops. see . or even of the Canadian militia. and shewed him the cave where the to the holy city. . the residence of the prophet's mother. Having listened with due attention to the instructions of my host. where the storekeeper expressed his readiness to show me the mummies. I was introduced to this eminent personage as a traveller from England. entering the dwelling." she said. He had taken present of seventeen hundred men.26 THE CITY OF THE MOItMOXS . the oath of allegiance to Queen Victoria. son Joseph has had revelations from God since he was a boy. discipline of this band he considered superior to that of the American militia generally. He informed me that they consisted at Legion. and he is indeed a true prophet of Jehovah. The angel of the Lord appeared to him fifteen years since. She welcomed me and told me that here I might what great things the Lord had done for his " I am " and I shall soon old. people. other a se- parate place of departed spirits distinct from heaven and hell. the earth will be purified. and on this The account had not connected himself with the legion. Accordingly he led the way to a small On house. and then transferred from its present sphere to a brighter and more glorious system.
son puts these over his eyes when he reads My unknown languages. not to be opened. I have likewise carried in my hands the sacred breastplate. They are all connected by a ring which passes through a hole at the end of each plate. My son received these precious gifts. he interpreted the holy record. She faltered. and are covered with letters beautifully engraved. It is composed of pure gold. book of also 27 original golden plates of the Mormon were Urim and the deposited. and some of them are loose.OR. I have seen and felt also the Urim and Thummim. that this poor old choly thought creature was not simply a dupe of her son's knavery ." While the old woman was thus delivering herself. by which he might understand meaning of the inscriptions on the plates. and seemed unwilling to meet my glance. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. Several English and American women were in the room. but that she had taken an active part in the deception. I produced my wonderful book. He shewed him the Thummim. I have myself seen and handled the golden plates they are about eight inches long. and is made to fit the breast very exactly. . and now the believers in that revelation are more than a hundred thousand in number. and six wide some of them are sealed together and are . The old woman . I fixed my eyes steadily upon her. They resemble two large bright diamonds set in a bow like a pair of spectacles. but The melangradually recovered her self-possession. and he shewed him the golden breastplate of the high priesthood. and seemed to treat her with profound veneration. entered my mind. and they enable him pret to inter- them in English.
and slowly crept up after me. She showed me a wretched cabinet. its pages. in which were four naked mummies frightfully disfigured. an axe was applied. and the remaining one was the daughter of another king. denominated the Seasons. where the proceeded to the official papers and " revelations" of the are published in a semiprophet " Times and monthly magazine. and which was now to be my made known prophet Joseph. I requested her to furnish first me with a " Book of Morto take mon. by which the unfortunate mummies were literally chopped open. She accounted for the disto the world. that her son had obtained this knowledge through the mighty power of God.28 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . From Mr. that manuscript was doubtless a revelation which had long been hidden. the history of the persecution . T asked her by what means she became acquainted with the names and histories of these mummies. by means of her son the She then directed me up a steep flight of stairs into a chamber." the She accordingly permitted me one of edition belonging to her daughter Lavinia. by a circumstance rather illustrative of the back-woods. most disgusting relics of mortaOne she said was a king of Egypt whom she lity. She replied. and in fact. for which I paid the young lady a dollar. Smith's residence I Mormon printing office. named." Here I purchased this magazine complete for the last year. figured condition of the mummies. and in an oracular manner that the Lord was now bringing to light the hidden things of darkness according to his word scrutinized assured me . Some difficulty having been found in unrolling the papyrus which enveloped them. two were his wives.
and enamelled with the beautiful wild flowers of spring." and many other Mormons. 2 . and having it. On arriving at the house of Mr. that it should be forthcoming whenever I requested I was still deaf to their entreaties. to whom he begged me to exhibit my wonderful book. and introduced several digni" taries of the Latter-day Church. They had generally come to the conclusion that I was a convert to Mormonism recently arrived from England. I took a delightful ride upon the prairie. K. and other documents of importance. and whence I came. promised to shew the book to their prophet on the ensuing day. had visited the British Museum.OH. so that the prophet might translate it. mally requested me The Mormon authorities now forto sell them the book. and they next importuned me to lend it to them. my hospitable entertainer. company with him. They promised to give bonds to a considerable amount. This I positively refused. I left them and returned to Montrose. of the THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. and. The storekeeper met me at the printing-office. and that. for which they were willing to pay a high price. While they were examining it with great apparent interest. provided me with a horse. with the aid of an associate. he had He baptized in that country seven thousand saints. one of the preachers informed me that he had spent the last year in England. K. The grass was of an emerald green. 29 Mormons by the people of Missouri. where he affirmed that he had seen nothing so extraordinary as my wonderful book. in After tea Mr. I was informed by him that the Mormons on the Iowa side of the river had been busily engaged in trying to find out who I was.
Ad- joining her grave was the tomb of Skutah. his only neighbours were the Indians." and a distinguished warrior same tribe. of the with whom he lived on the most friendly terms. She died recently at the early age of eighteen. and I felt pained at the reflection that so fine a region seemed destined to be given up to the followers of a mischievous delusion. tion. Nothing could exceed their honesty and good faith and although in all their intercouse with him heathens. a fullblooded Indian " brave. Numerous clumps and herds of of forest trees appeared at intervals. The residence of Keokuk and the chief village of his tribe. : having succeeded to the jurisdiction on the demise of the venerable Black Hawk. Upon an eminence near Montrose. while in other directions at the distance of it eight or ten far as extended as cattle the eye could reach.30 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS line of bluffs . stated. considered them superior in morality and common sense to the "latter-day saints. Mr. are situated near the Des Moines . who died of grief at the age of eighty. with all the ancient ceremonies of her nation." Keokuk is the present chief of the Sacs and Foxes. The scene was one of novel and striking interest. were reposing on the grass or feeding on the rich herbage. in consequence of the treatment experienced by his nation at the hands of the United States. K. I was shewn the tomb of Kalawequois. K. Far to the North West a seemed to bound the prairie miles. that previously to the arrival of the Mormons. Mr. a beautiful Indian girl of the tribe of Sacs and Foxes. having lingered six years in a consumpShe was buried on this spot by moonlight.
who are now reduced to three The The two sons of Black Hawk still surand are noble and princely both in person and in character. A few years since." I point them at you. other false prophets risen more highly in their estimation. arid THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. perhaps you are Jesus Christ.> door of Keokuk's " waikeop. that notorious deceiver thousand. before the war. Keokuk demanded who he was. which signifies a rascal. river. you cannot be killed. vive. of about nine thousand persons. and that he was come to gather the Indians. fine rifle pistols they were made in New York Now see me sound they never miss their aim. to which question Matthias replied. and denominate him a Nor have Tshe-wal-lis-ke.OR. Matthias made his appearance one evening at the . heavy charge. The Indians have the greatest possible contempt for Joseph Smith. am going to Now fire. being unwilling that his claims should be tested by so novel and so striking a mode of theothis At logical sion. He wore a long beard. Look at these are a rascal and deserve to be shot. and a red . or cabin. . Now I Matthias suddenly bolted." said Keokuk. who were of the seed " of Israel. who is a very " dignified man. to the waikeop of an old man and woman who lived alone. 31 trose. about a day's journey westward of Montribe consisted. aud If you are Jesus Christ you perhaps you are not. They have a tremendously two . which was parted on each side of his chin a long gun was on his shoulder. that he was Jesus Christ the only true God. at He afterwards obtained admisargument. sash around his waist. Keokuk's request. Well. them with the ram-rod. Indian They gave . If you are not Jesus Christ.
de- and which contain the nominated medicine bags " skins of skunks. the people . During this period. believing him to be the devil. they proceed to paint the noses and stomachs prophets. and when he had fallen asleep they made a fire. may be seen tra- each carrying. . with great velling to the rendezvous At solemnity. When the warriors return from their fast. their warriors fast forty days in a solitary cabin constructed of bark. The remainder mats on of the guests reclined upon both sides of the house. and watched him all night. the warriors . the smoke escaping through an opening in the roof. they eat barely sufficient to selves alive. These Indians have many remarkable customs. of the victims with a deep red colour. They consult who are provided with sacred utensils. and boiled for about half an hour. Before undertaking a war. whom they had heard described by the Roman Catholic missionaries. his wooden bowl and wooden spoon. the house appointed for the feast. make At for the occasion. keep themand having tied the dead bodies to trees about six feet above the ground. while the fire burned briskly at the centre. and took particular notice of the ceremonies. which they placed in a large iron kettle over a fire. was present on one of these occasions. the dead dogs are in readiness.32 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . the appointed hour." with other precious articles. The corn and beans were placed all round the room in wooden dishes upon the ground. Some of the warriors began by cutting the dogs into equal portions. together with a profusion of boiled Indian corn and beans. Mr. him supper. They also sacrifice dogs . K. a great feast on dogs which have been fattened None but men are allowed to attend.
Thus. A Mormon doctor accompanied me. and share. will curse him in cheerful and pleasant tones of voice. and minister like slaves to the comfort and These Indians. the pieces of dog in their all began to eat holding hands without knives or forks. and without understanding their signification. the pieces were and every person present received his A distinguished " brave " now arose. a Mormon arrived with his boat and ferried me over to Nauvoo. make the fires. while those it. 38 The dog meat being taken out.OR. catch with facility the profane expressions of the whites. visiting one another with All the hard work devolves upon great sociability. and devouring with . sufficiently boiled. they will often employ an oath as a friendly salutation and while kindly shaking hands with a friend. ugh. who are The men of this tribe enjoy themselves exceedingly at their villages during the winter. hog. Whoever swallows the whole of his portion made sick by called a big brave . a second stood up and . " repeated the monosyllable. and the most abusive words emluxury of their lords. a regular diploma from a medical school as a physician'. made a speech after which. They have no profane word in their vocabulary. are denominated squaws. The following morning (Tuesday. notwithstandtheir neglect of the squaws. April 19th). I was told. ployed by them are liar." At this signal. rascal. who cut down trees for firewood. all their might. is This feast on dogs is considered a sort of penance. however. They. it is pro- D . the women. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. which they use with great readiness. He had obtained. but since the Mormons generally prefer miraculous aid to medicine. . and squaw. have many courteous ing and gentlemanly habits.
and no doubt there are a great many more. that the same class of people who believed in Joanna Southcote. for I replied.34 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS is . lower class of persons in England. and the Holy God. The as me we were on Mormonism in England was a subject of I observed. the Father replied. he partially admitted." On landing at Nauvoo." He went on to state. abounded in wrong and that among the . book from in my hand. might easily be persuaded to credit the divine mission of Joseph Smith. the Son is God. that makes three at least who are is its begging and by the time I reached the mysterious pages." he the Mormons believed in believe that the Trinity. that the class of whom no less than in right faith he referred. "we Ghost is God. but he maintained that persons to faith God had always chosen faith. and evinced a tolerable share of intelligence and acuteness. be allowed to see . bable that his practice somewhat limited. numerous Mormons came to forth their dwellings. of the most contradictory character. I proceeded with the Doctor along the street which I mentioned before as bordering on the strand. that I had reagreat rejoicing to him. marked. He ar- gued with the passage. I begged him to inform me whether "Yes. from I further retime to time. had. As I advanced with my God. been readily propagated. son to believe that the conquests of Mormonism in Britain had been principally among the illiterate and success of uneducated. they amounted to a perfect crowd. This. prophet's house. that the Mormons believe that departed saints become a portion of the Deity. they were rich in the poor. and " may be properly denominated Gods. the wildest delusions.
Don Carlos Smith. Greek. and the general of the " Nauvoo elder." His age about thirty. while the I curious and gaping crowd remained standing. except. accompanied by a host of elders. ain't Greek ain't at all. and common Mormons. and them which D 2 follows. I THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. " No. On entering the house.OR. I had not an opportunity of observing his eyes. chairs were provided for the prophet and myself." a president. is . and was regularly introduced to him. straightforward look which characterizes an honest man. a merchant." . an an editor. bishops. ain't Egyptian. he said " Them figures is : Egyptian hieroglyphics ." and his He is a coarse. I it should like to hear his opinion. a few words. He asked me if I had any idea of its meaning. preachers. and on one of his fingers he wears a massive gold His dress ring. the late editor of the "Times and Seasons. What is and what valuable phics. countenance exhibits a curious mixture of the knave and the clown. upon which I saw an inscription. the honour of an interview with him who is a prophet. handed the book to the prophet. plebeian person in aspect. He led the way to his house. is Egyptian Greek. per. was of coarse country manufacture.five. 35 met Joseph Smith at a short distance from his dwelI had ling. His hands are large and fat. and begged him to explain its contents. a revelator. I replied. that I believed it to be a Greek Psalter . as he appears deficient in that open. and his white hat was enveloped by a piece of black crape as a sign of mourning is for his deceased brother. haps. legion." he but that " said. " a seer. This book is very- It is a dictionary of Egyptian HieroglyPointing to the capital letters at the commencement of each verse.
THE CITY OF THE MORMONS
the interpretation of the hieroglyphics, written in the Them characters is like the let-
was engraved on the golden plates." Upon Mormons around began to congratulate me on the information I was receiving. " There," they
"we told you so we told you that our prowould give you satisfaction. None but our prophet
phet can explain these mysteries." The prophet now turned to me, and said, " this book ain't of no use " Oh to you, you don't understand it." yes," I re" it is of some use for if I were in want of plied
money, live on
and obtain, perhaps, enough to " But what will for a whole year." you take " for it ?" said the prophet and his elders. My price," " is I replied, higher than you would be willing to
they eagerly de-
manded. I replied, " I will not tell you what price I would take but if you were to offer me this moment nine hundred dollars in gold for it, you should not have it." They then repeated their request that I should lend it to themuntil the prophet should have time to translate it, and promised me the most ample
security but I declined all their proposals. I placed the book in several envelopes, and as I deliberately tied knot after knot, the countenances of many among
them gradually sunk into an expression of great deHaving exhibited the book to the prospondency. phet, I requested him in return to shew me his papyrus and to give me his own explanation, which I had hitherto received only at second hand. He pro;
me to his office, accompanied by the He produced the glass frames which I
had seen on the previous day
but he did not appear
THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO.
very forward to explain the figures.
pointed to a
and requested him to expound its meaning. No answer being returned, I looked the prophet had disappeared. The up, and behold Mormons told me that he had just stepped out, and would probably soon return. I waited some time, but in vain and at length descended to the street in
front of the store.
Here I heard the noise of wheels, saw the prophet in his waggon, flourishing his whip and driving away as fast as two fine horses could draw him. As he disappeared from view, enveloped in a cloud of dust, I felt that I had turned over another page in the great book of human
The Mormons now surrounded me, and requested know whether T had received satisfaction from
the prophet's explanation.
replied that the pro-
phet had given me no satisfaction, and that he had committed himself most effectually. They wished to
know my own
I informed them religious opinions. that I had been educated in the Church of England,
was conscientiously attached. One of said that the Church of England had
a form of godliness, but denied the power thereof, and that it was the duty of all men to turn away from
I asked him what he understood by the power of godliness. He replied, " the power of working He miracles arid of speaking in unknown tongues."
maintained that the Church of England denied that
the gifts of the Holy Ghost are communicated at I told him the present day to the people of God. that he was mistaken, and referred him to the pas-
" Service for the sages in the Ordering of Priests,"
THE CITY OF THE MORMOKS
" Receive the Holy Ghost for the
a Priest in the Church of God."
" Thou the Anointing Spirit
and work of
dost thy sevenfold gifts impart."
" Thou in thy
gifts art manifold, them Christ's Church doth stand."
Another said that the ministers of the Church of England were dumb dogs, that its bishops were regardless of the advancement of the gospel, that their belly was their God, and that money was their idol. I inquired whether he was particularly well acquainted with the English bishops and clergy. He replied, that he had never been out of America but that he had received these accounts from travellers. I told him that I had been personally acquainted with many of the bishops and clergy of the English Church, and that his assertion was not agreeable to the truth.
renegade now came forward, who stated himself been a member of the Established Church of Ireland. He said that the Thirty-nine Articles were
a bundle of inconsistencies from beginning to end. I begged him to specify some of the inconsistencies.
said that the first Article
without body, parts, or passions
that the second
teaches that Christ
and that the
fourth Article states that Christ ascended into heaven
with his body,
tained, the fourth Article
and bones. Thus, he mainwas inconsistent with the that the same charge of inconsis-
tency might be applied to the Scriptures with equal
and . 39 of the first. He replied. which could be proved most conclusively. know how miracles. implied an apostolical succession till the day of judgment . wards the continuance of the succession a vast number of Christian writers sent time. and proved. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. and quoted the texts by which the doctrines second. I incredulously. maintained that baptism in the Church of England is not valid. " a comstituted a sufficient authority. that is proved by to the pre- down He considered for a moment. Timothy were. even in the absence of He wished to miraculous gifts at the present time. are apostles just as truly as St. proved by the possession of I said that the English clergy miraculous gifts. and showed him historically that bishops at me have been always consecrated by bishops from the age of inspiration to the present time. their commission could be proved without I told him that the bishops of the English the inferior clergy are ordained. that the commission of our Saviour to the eleven." possessed a commission from Christ. such a succession must have come through that Rome was the mother of harlots. by whom by surprise. inasmuch as it is not administered by I asked him what conpersons having authority. This statement took him altogether Church. Barnabas and St.OR. fairness. mission from Christ. extending as it did through all time and^all the world. he looked for proof. and fourth Articles are distinctly He flew off at once to another subject. and wished him with a brief outline of presented the clear and simple argument for the Apostolic Succession. and then Rome . that Scripture testifies to a succession of Apostles as long as Scripture can testify to it and that after. said.
without boasting. Parliament. and with a disagreeable expression in his face. " The Church of England. possessed only the authority derived from Acts of Parliament. repent. had been lawfully baptized by one having He said that Church of England baptism authority. and that the English Church was merely tism. my say something about your religion. I repented every day obedience. that the English : Church had a double sanction first. "reminds me of a story I heard " As he was becoming abusive I about an old cow thought it best to check him. and that I ought to I replied. since you have spoken freely of mine." said. . the probability of the restoration of miraculous powers to the Church. in great darkness and unbelief. and Paddy seemed rather disconcerted and was silent. An old American in a blue home. it was acknowledged as the National Religion. and be baptized. I might claim to be " " and as for bapequal to the Latter-day Saints . now enHe told me that I was tered the lists against me. that of Christ who founded the is Catholic English Church Church. " As " it is now I turn to for you Mormons. Church of England was the eldest of her numerous family of daughters." said he. long after its foundation. I replied.40 that the THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . by which. and seriously requested him to inform me whether it was an English cow or an Irish bull of which he was speaking. It is easy for you to argue as you do about the descent of the Indians from Israel. that of . At this the younger Mormons began to laugh. of which the a portion and secondly. and the errors and inconsis- . I a Parliament Church.spun suit. as for that as for repentance. obey the gospel.
pensation was the waters . were very frequent in the day Church. when the Christian disbe established. Christ walked upon controlled the winds and the waves . He Again. but said. . on which your religion depends. what commission ?" known " Lattertongues. that among replied in the negative .OK. healed the sick : He opened life . you have given me no satisfaction whatever. He them . Red Sea and the River Jordan. signs are given to prove his The old man replied. He rained down manna to for the space of forty years in the wilderness." I said that signs of that kind were of a very doubtful description. He divided the nation with miraculous plagues. the eyes of the blind He " brought the dead to raised Himself from the grave. When the Jewish dispensation I replied. the inspiration of your prophet. He came down on Mount Sinai amid clouds and lightnings and the terrific Moses sound of the trumpet of heaven. therefore. 41 but in regard to the real tencies of existing sects question at issue. to be introduced. that the healing of the sick. He fed assembled thousands with a few loaves and ." I me was to state what evidence " They requested should consider satisfac- tory. whether Smith had ever walked across the inquired Mississippi. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. namely. fishes He . the casting out of devils. He and finally. or brought a dead man to life. He caused to strike the rock and the waters gushed forth. You maintain that your prophet I is sent to estab- lish a third dispensation. since the imagination I possessed great power over the nervous system. and the speaking of un- demand. God enabled Moses to work God smote a mighty great wonders with his rod.
employ the most sacred terms How miserable. Holy Ghost prompted me to do that. self-examination. uttered for about a minute in a loud voice some unintelligible gibberish. idle assertions of special revelations miraculous gifts. There was no Bible. and before I was aware of his object. Son. " the " There. thrust his fore-fingers into hear your rather deaf. you should speak with awe and reverence but you and other Mormons here.42 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . how utterly unedifying and farThe Holy Ghost was manicical your preaching." I looked at him somewhat " Take old what and When . and Holy Ghost. immediately recover perfect hearing. festly absent from your assembly. faith. nothing but senseless speculations on the character of God. or any branch of devotion . tion. the blind received their sight. and lifting up his eyes. you " But will gift of the care. perceive that I faith. you you employ the names of Father. and the ears of the " You deaf were opened. with the most disgusting levity. as far as I have observed. and you say that I have no can you open my ears so that I may " ears. my hearing is not improved. am Now Immearguments more distinctly ? diately the old man stepped forward." " said. . there were no motives presented to humilia- severely say." he replied. how barren were your services on last Sunday how cold your worship." he said finally. which resembled a Jewish Synagogue more than a Christian congregation." I " is because That. there was no Lord's Prayer. I then observed. you have no If ever you believe the Book of Mormon. through the Holy Ghost. and now you have heard the unknown my tongue. man. and and disgraceful advertisements of . said.
therefore." you heard your prophet declare. Would you believe a man calling himself a prophet." . If he spoke as a mere man. "Sometimes Mr. written in ancient Greek. Your prophet has committed himself to-day. Mormon doctor said. ." "Speak If out." spoke as a he has committed himself." must. he is a false prophet.OR. " Go on. Now what shall I think of your prophet ?" They appeared confounded for a while but at length the . to be the Psalms of David. " it is not inspiration. being inspired by the Holy Ghost. who should say that " " " Would black is white ? No. and sometimes as a mere man." they replied. lest I should hurt your feelings. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO." said others. religion. you must admit " We that he is a gross impostor." they . Smith " be not a true prophet. you believe him if he should say that English is French ?" " " But Certainly not. " No. that their preachers did not need the Bible." I said. written in characters like those of the I know it most positively original Book of Mormon. for he has said what is not true. that this book of mine is a Dictionary of Egyptian hieroglyphics. as a mere man. If he spoke as a prophet." said some." Here they interrupted me and said. it is a Satanic delusion. he spoke " Whether he I said. prophet or as a mere man. Smith speaks as a prophet." I said. and I will make the fact known to the world. If he gave a wrong opinion respecting the book. 43 stolen goods. he cannot be trusted. for he spoke positively an oracle respecting that of which You have talked to me very respecting the Church to which I belong but freely I hardly like to tell you what I think respecting your and like he knew nothing.
and you have been most thoroughly hoaxed by. as I can at present. where. a Christian." " Indeed I " and I believe you are most miserable. THE CITY OF THE MORMONS " Then . a true communion. And oh gladly would I see you delivered from this awful delusion. with the loss of substance and of health. dragged across earth and sea. Mahomet himself was a gentleman. then are solemnity of manner. how many have been drawn away from their homes. and a scholar. have imposed upon your credulity and ignorance. of whom Smith is the centre." I replied. now remarked with some so that ! " If we are deceived. you may not think that I intend to say at a distance what I would not say in Nauvoo itself. we of all men the most miserable.44 replied. how teaching. There you may find a true baptism. I will freely tell you my opinion. their artful devices. I think it likely that most of you are credulous and ignorant. when compared with your prophet. they are too often left to perish in wretched poverty and bitter disappointment. from which many of you have There you may find plain and honest apostatized." One of the Mormons who had listened attentively to what I said. but well-meaning persons. And oh how mournful to look round. true . pity ! you from the very bottom of my heart. and to reflect. There you may find holy and solemn services fitted for the edification of the people of God. and brought to this unwholesome spot. without these lying signs and wonders. and that the time at least has been when you desired to do the will of God. A knot of designing persons. and returning to the bosom of that holy Catholic Church.
" The old that they pitied me as much " Come. only put you under the water and baptize you. again. but a sect barely man in blue now me." him in reply. and true ministers who descend in one unbroken line from the Apostles sent forth said by Christ Himself." I me me walked to the ferry with the Mormon who had brought me over in the morning. freely respecting I heartily thank your religion and your prophet.OR. " I have been among I have expressed my sentiments you three days . the Mormon doc- . and and will I told when you come up clearly. fifteen years old. that God had to give wisdom to those who should ask promised that they had prayed to God to guide them into it . you have not put under the Mississippi and kept me there. I replied that God had appointed certain means of ascertaining the truth. for they had attached themselves not to the apostolic all truth. and that although you have had altogether in your power. let told as I pitied them. 45 of the Holy Ghost. Thus He had declared his Church But it was to be the pillar and ground of truth. Church." I proceeded. and that if we neglect those means it will be vain to pray to Him for guidance." that faith is Several of them now the gift of God. gifts THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. you will see all mysteries believe in our great signs and wonders. that to submit to such a baptism would be almost the greatest sacri" I must lege which a Christian could commit." he said to me " let me you and I go down to the Mississippi. and that He had led them to believe in the book of Mormon. evident that they had not built upon the true ground. my friend. now leave you. and you that you have listened to me with attention.
he proceeded rather awkwardly to paddle A third piece of across the wide and rapid stream. " I guess it was." " and I demanded. said that no man could obtain salvation. He replied that Smith might be as bad as he was reported to be. . When we it arrived at carefully the boat had been padlocked in the morning. The oars." he answered. For some time we advanced but before long the tolerably well He doctor began to argue with me vehemently. . a drunkard." Accordingly he took a piece of board in his not steal ?' " man hands. THE CITY OF THE MORMONS and one or two others. Peter adulterer. I ought to have remained at least three weeks at Nauvoo. 'Thou shalt my oars. however. a circumstance which caused great vexation to the owner. and still be a true prophet." Who has taken "I guess they know them all. who sat with me in the stern. and that instead of spending only three days. but that his propheHe might cies would not thereby be proved false. and yet was a true prophet. especially the eighth. I guess. boys. to be used as a rudder. that Smith was an impostor. somebody has hooked ! " Some of the your oars ?" I asked. He exclaimed " oars are My " gone . any how they don't practise them. " What some of the young Latter-day Saints ?" I said. who devoted so little attention to the truth of God as I had done . we found it safe. be a swindler. I told him that I had seen quite enough to convince any person of ordinary understanding. and having given another piece to one of his companions.46 tor. a liar. as . were missing." he replied. David was a murderer and an St. " But do not the young saints learn the ten commandments. board was given to the doctor. a swearer." the poor " but answered.
" he proceeded. I saw the truth of . and go to hell but this would not affect the revelations which God had given by him. not of that fold. whom He intended to bring. as the veracious history of the book of Mormon assured us. since Christians have not yet decided among themselves is.in America and preached the Gospel to the Indians. I was one night lying awake in my bed meditating. his faith had been produced solely by the power of God." had eternal life abiding in him. and that if he was deceived. and no " I was once an honest other. God Almighty had deceived him. I suffered it to .OR. what Christianity attention in I was induced by curiosity to listen to the preaching of a Mormon . attempted to correct the doctor's false positions the stream of his eloquence had begun to flow. My was strongly arrested I began to believe God. when suddenly a con- viction of the reality of the Christian religion flashed upon my mind like lightning. and. So Smith might be as infamous as David was. and for many weeks and months was earnest in my prayers to Him for a knowledge of the truth. and even deny his own revelations. " I felt that Christianity could not be true. Mormonism did not depend on the chaSmith or of any other man. and that the truth of racter of in accordance with this declaration. Atheist. for no murderer into heaven. elder. after his ascen- sion into heaven. That for his own part. It was in vain that I said that even in his time . After the space of six months. He said that finally. That our Lord had told the Jews that there were other sheep. He descended again . 47 " David had not yet ascended David was in hell. and turn away from his religion. flow unchecked. THREE DAYS AT NACVOO.
I employed myself in obtaining testimony from persons residing in Iowa in reference to the conduct and character I is of their Mormon neighbours. complimented me somewhat equivocally on my seamanship. partly be- to believe that this testimony . O my God. During the remainder of the day. on parting from me. and the medical gentleman forthwith resigned his piece The skiff now proceeded of board into my hands. with a straight course. were paddling with the boards complaining of the doctor's steering. the Scriptures and of the book of Mormon. cried out. believe me. At the same time I was filled heaven with a supernatural extasy which resembled I could not restrain my feelings. that he quite forgot his duty as helmsman. The doctor. I volunteered to take the helm. I profess be false. but itself. The poor fellows who sippi. by observing. there is no true religion upon earth. what must it be to be baptized with fire From that time I have been a member ! Latter-day Church. seemed about to return to Nauvoo. The boat was now about the middle of the Missisand after sundry tortuous windings. I felt powerfully convinced that the prophecies of Joseph Smith were from God.48 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . than embrace the of the If the religion which doctrines of any of the sects. if it be thus to be baptized with the Holy Ghost. have every reason correct. and we shortly landed in Iowa. that well as I if I knew the way of salvation as knew how to steer. I would rather be an honest Atheist again.' and. I might have a good chance of getting to heaven." ' The doctor's zeal had so completely carried him away.
Before the Mormons settled in the vicinity. On being asked became thoroughly intoxicated. in order to prevent his followers from worshipping him as a God. I . how it was that he. having been discharged from arrest. While intoxicated at Montrose." and requested the shopkeeper to treat all his friends at his expense. by no means punctilious in regard to truth.R. cause THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. no shop for the sale of spirituous liquors in had been established After their arrival two of their preachers commenced a grog-shop in that place. that the false prophet himself is a coarse and gross personage. could get drunk. principally supported " Latter-day Saints.I. The reader must have already inferred from my in description. "lamaP. The following facts related by actual witnesses will not therefore appear incredible. a prophet of the Lord. that it was necessary that he should do so. While in this condition he told the by-standers " that he could drink them all drunk. he was heard by several persons saying to himself.F.T" spelling (or rather mis-spelling) the word delibe- .T. and partly on account of the character and respectability of the witnesses.O. which was Montrose. after a regular frolic with his lawyers and friends. he replied. Smith gave a party at Monmouth. and. . 49 it agrees with what I myself saw and heard Nauvoo. through informality in the writ requiring his apprehension for high treason against the State of Missouri.OR. the prophet being in Montrose.R O F . . lamaP ." by the In September 1841. became intoxicated at this shop. On another occasion. at another time.
having made some treme. solemn succes- sion. at a political convention held in Nauvoo. mentioned that he had Indians. " I hope I may the 9th of May. to the at Montrose amount of two ." I my threshold I will send him to may appear of the have already stated some circumstances which to reflect on the common honesty of some Mormons. He endeathe prophet was dreadfully exasperated. 1841. have his blood and if he ever crosses hell. and had drunk too much but that he had yielded to the tempta. lived five years among heathen and had never been robbed by them of the most trifling article. During the three years which have elapsed since the settlement of the Mormons and Nauvoo. fourteen robberies. K. tion for the following reason : Several of the elders . . remarks derogatory to " the elect lady. I my appetite . Smith. he acknowledged the fact in public. he alluded to the subject in a sermon. in order to set the elders a good example. On the following Sunday. for example. THE CITY OF THE MORMONS and repeating the letters in ." Mrs. and was led home by his brother Hyrum. The language of the prophet is gross in the exA Mormon. About two years since. the prophet became intoxicated. for if I do. never find out that person shall never be satisfied till . Mr.50 rately. at Montrose. on He said. had got drunk. voured to find out the name of the offender but. and had never made confession but he was desirous of getting drunk and confessing it. He said that he had been tempted. preached in the open air. being unable to do so.
his warehouse was plundered of one barrel of pork. said that he taken from Mr. however." He 1841. thought to disavow these 1. his store was robbed of forty-two pieces of dark prints. two barrels of sugar. five dollars. . of thirty-three . and his brother. 51 thousand perty. six more barrels of salt. the following E 2 official we have document : UBRAR1 . Joseph Smith. when hungry. ing in the fields. . five or six pieces of satinette. from his warehouse llth. three saddles and bridles and a martingale from his stable 9thly. the 6th. and catch me fit at it if you can. principles. he said. ." He cited the example of Christ and his apostles. K. hundred dollars 2nd. his smoke-house was despoiled hams and eleven shoulders the 4th robbery deprived him of a barrel and a half of salt kegs of lard . between three and four hundred bushels of Indian corn 13th. and other articles. . 1st. has. a hundred and fifty pounds of bacon. and five 3rd. I will steal it. alluding to these robberies in a " did not care how much was sermon. scrupled not to steal corn while walkHe added the following words. and martingale. 12th. of another barrel of salt dle. have been committed upon his proHis store was robbed of goods worth . four wheels were taken from his waggon Sthly. . worth about four hundred dollars. who. one wheel was stolen from his chariot within an enclosure and. which were taken from 7thly. and two boxes of axes. of a sad- his stable . " The world owes me a good living if I cannot get . the 5th. 14th. In the " Times and Seasons" of Dec. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. sixty bushels of wheat from his granary lOthly. .OR. . bridle. it otherwise. six boxes of glass. .
they are tried by court martial. or any other evil practice vile and unlawful acts will ever receive his unqualified and unreserved disapproval. found guilty of theft. five Mormons are gazetted as being expelled from the church for larceny. being duly sworn according to law. > . and the proceedings are published in the " Times and Seasons. "JOSEPH SMITH. who. that he has never. The following circumstance was mentioned as a specimen of the manner in which these singular heretics endeavour to rid themselves of the imputaIn tion of thievishness universally cast upon them. directly or indirectly. Joseph Smith solemnly approves of this officers of the sentence. J " Before me. Bennett." After this follows an account of two unlucky Mormons. Mayor of the sident of the City of Nauvoo. the winter of 1841." About the same time. John C. personally came Joseph Smith. Being Nauvoo legion. and further this deponent saith not. deposeth and saith. and sentenced to be cashiered. ous opposition of the Church over which he presides . " State of ~o k Hancock County. and the most vigor. a Mormon was committed to the . or taught the doctrine of stealand that all such ing. who seem to be selected as scape-goats. " President of the Church of Latterday Saints. encouraged the purloining of property. PreChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called Mormons).52 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS Illinois.
offered themselves as bail for the prisoner. Upon " Saints " denied that he was a Mormon. . me. tinue their. for neither he nor his securities were to be found. because of the sickness of the land. 53 penitentiary on a charge of horse-stealing. it appeared that the accused had followed their example. The sufferings experienced by many of the English emigrants at Nauvoo were described as truly appalNauvoo is one of the most unhealthy spots on ling. and shall con- Therefore. that I might show forth my wisdom through the weak things of . Anthony. let my servant William put his trust in me. speedily decamped. works. 1841. and cease to fear concerning If his family. this. the Two Mormon preachers. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. the earth. 1841 " Verily thus saith the Lord unto you. this place ***** Le^ no man g O from who has come here assaying to keep my commandments. of the court of Lee County for 1842 had arrived. for they shall rest>from all their labour here. let them die unto me . between New Orleans and the Falls of St. and if they If they live here. Sufficient evidence of the unhealthiness of the place is furnished in the following extract from a " revelation given to Joseph Smith. let them live unto die. January 19th. my servant. the Mississippi. I am well pleased with your offer: ings and acknowledgements which you have made for unto this end have I raised you up. however. This insalubrity is produced by the low islands adjoining the city. which are frequently overflowed. and having effected his libeWhen the spring session ration. Joseph Smith." and published in the "Times and Sea- sons" for June 1st.OR.
If they are as much dis- satisfied as they are said to be. but If they choose to comcountry. July 4th. they ended their days in want and wretchedness. I have only this to You had better go back to England say to them. he proceeded to speak as follows: have not had an opportunity to visit these my I cannot spend English brethren since my return." One of Joseph's missionaries. . time in visiting them. and fertile they may. of most Christian consolation were by the prophet to the poor deluded Eng- " Many of the English who have lately come here have expressed great disappointment on their arrival. keep my commandments. Such persons have every reason to be satisfied in this beautiful plain. having returned from Nauvoo Having given an account of his proceedings during his absence.54 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS. I have only to say this to them. If they are not satisfied here. and alluded to the converts whom he had persuaded to a mission to England. preached a sermon at on Sunday." I was informed again arid again in Montrose. 1841. . and the sick- ness of the land shall redound to your glory. settle " T near Nauvoo. In his sermon of the 9th of May. that nearly half of the English who emigrated to Nauvoo in 1841 died soon after their arrival. but go back to England and be d d. ye love me. the fol- lowing words delivered lish. and were buried without that respectful solemnity which in England is not denied even to the pauper from the workhouse. Don't stay whining about me. Far from the graves of their fathers. 1840. I don't want to be troubled with their complaints. remote from the ministers of the true faith.
but THREE DAYS AT like NATTVOO. writings." men and The Secretary that he for the territory of Iowa was pre- sent on this occasion. she presented herself a seventh time. go whine about it. Enough has been said. six times during the same day. put I am the only one big enough to chaps like you under water. would fill volumes. which the Mormons baptize is a on the holy initiatory sacrament of perfect burlesque On one occasion. the elder. however. and remarked to my informant. and some for their deceased friends. five persons were baptized by immersion at Nauvoo. 55 and don't if you go. and doings of the leading Mormons. This business was done by seven elders. a hundred and sixtythe gospel. which is their baptism for the dead. who is very stout." The Christian reader will feel that he has now had tall . and said. woman " What elder jocosely remarked. some for the remission of sins. laughed when the ! A aloud. Not satisfied with this. was astonished at hearing these expressions from the very man who had brought in these poor peo- ple a distance of six thousand miles. who enjoyed The method it One of these elders baptized a as a capital frolic. haven't very tall man you got wet enough already ?" offering himself. " and I assure enough of these awful profanations him that nothing but a sense of the duty of exposing imposture could have induced me to commit them to A mere selection from the sayings. to prove that Mormonism is associated in the minds of its most zealous advocates with dispositions and actions the very re- .OR. be d d. paper. equal to the preceding in horrid wickedness.
the eastern bank the rays of the setting sun were reflected from the windows of Nauvoo. I walked by the western banks of the noble MisBeside me flowed its smooth waters. have blazed . ments of strength. In the evening subsequent to my last On visit to Nau- voo. by encouraging the Christian institutions already existing in that and infant won- . it shall extend throughout western Amebe levelled with the dust. while his doctrines.56 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . and exhibited in the example of Jesus Christ. until. that palpable as are the absurdities of it is a system which possesses many ele- Mormonism. and taught by experience to disavow some features in their religion which are at present its shame and its disgrace. educated in the principles of the sect. like new stars. When the present generation of deceivers and of dupes shall have gone to their graves. felt nated the white dwellings of the prophet and his folIt was a time adapted to serious reflection. somewhat refined. verse of those which are inculcated by the Gospel. and his parting beams illumilowers. may be a rule It remains of faith and action to admiring millions. whether. itself and then sunk into obscurity or a second Mahometanism. Christianity shall And how mity ? shall Christians effectually avert the cala- I reply. tion. turbed by the slightest ripple. like for a little while. (under God) for Christians of the present day to determine whether Mormonism shall sink to the level of those fanatical sects which. feeble sword in hand. rica. and of extension. They may consign Joseph Smith to perditogether with the sweet Psalmist of Israel. a new class of Mormons may have arisen. undississippi. I convinced.
faithful guide of the fifty millions who. As which Mormonism. the first and only institution of means which should be provided Why the Church beyond the Mississippi. I feel almost ashamed for my Church. doubtless.OR. worthy of the careful consideration of How is a question all. no longer rampant. both in . Iowa. . would hide itself in the darkest recesses of the forest while pure and genuine religion would be the comfort of the weary emigrant. and the Mormon university. perambulate his diocese and plant their standard in every village ? If the Churches of England and America possessed the activity of the Mormons. Churchmen would contribute from their poverty as well as from their riches churches would be erected. questions like the above would soon be needless. and Wisconsin. and the . and colleges in which a learned clergy could be educated. before another century. even now. 57 own. derful land its THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. missionaries maintained. permitted to languish. while the Mormon temple. while the missionaries of Joseph Smith. claims as a Churchman. will occupy the valley of the Mississippi. would be liberally endowed. present exigencies shall be met. when I reflect upon the heavy discouragements which are suffered to afflict the amiable and patient missionary bishop of Missouri. Fanaticism. offer their delusive attractions to the rising is the venerable bishop of Illinois generation ? Why permitted to labour almost alone. with a zeal worthy of the true Church. Where are the zealous missionaries who should be flocking to his assistance ? Where are the for the support of a learned clergy in the rising cities of the west ? is Kemper College.
and restored to the Church of their fathers the progress of the delusion might be closely watched. from various causes. these have been educated in the principles of the and yet. Joseph Smith has availed himself of the religious principle natural to faith has thus prevailed. that the success of Smith appears to warrant a system of emigraJoseph tion and settlement conducted on religious principles. and able to accommodate himself all circumstances. true religion man. solicitous for the The appointment of a self-denying missionary to reside in the immediate vicinity of Nauvoo. also worthy of remark. . respecting the superior claims it is certain that a vast pro- portion of those who emigrate from Great Britain and Numbers of Ireland. Many connect themselves with . Those who become disgusted with Mormonism might . in Indiana. who are advancement of truth and piety. . England and America. and has triumphantly succeeded. Established Church few of them comparatively attach themselves to the Church in America. tion. It is The notorious Owen. Whatever may be said. might in some degree check Such a missionary should be the rising heresy. attempted the establishment of an Infidel community at New Harmony. thus be saved from embracing Atheism the poor disappointed English might be relieved. thoroughly acquainted with the Mormon controversy patient.58 THE CITY OF THE MORMONS . proceed to the United States. willing to endure contradiction and persecu. said with truth. encouraged. If a false might accomwonders. as is well known. and much plish may be of the British colonies. and totally failed. and the artifices of its leaders duly exposed. and to readily to all classes of people.
Discouragements would occasionally arise but ultimately. This is not a chimerical idea. The clergy. elect. respectively they erect their own dwellings upon a handsome and taste- a : ful design : they elect a mayor and a corporation for their rising city. to go traverse the land and to convert its inhabitants. commenced. A substantial Church is built. various dissenting denominations it is to be feared. professors are appointed for the college. some learned and active man as libraries are their bishop. if sufficiently numerous. sink into heartless apathy and irreligion. on a system which shall secure mutual co-operation and religious fellowship. which may afterwards form one wing of a noble Gothic Cathedral. will suppose that a large body of Church determine upon emigrating. . Before leaving home. such a plan would undoubtedly . The Church now and missionits fulness and dignity from the city.OR. Schools and teachers are provided for the children. who is afterwards duly consecrated by the authorities of the American Church. with proper management. and a church. for example they obtain from the legislature charters for : : city. aries might be realized with little difficulty. the But we of the members outlines of their plan are fixed they are accompanied a sufficient number of well-educated pastors and by : teachers they purchase a district of four or five thousand acres in a healthy portion of Iowa. in sincerity and truth. 5y while still more. and halls are erected. THREE DAYS AT NAUVOO. with the approbation of the laity. a college. . Allotments of land are set aside for the perpetual maintenance of religion and Christian education. it is a sketch of what appears in forth .
60 succeed. presented to . and the power of the false prophet would be shaken to its foundation. A new point of attraction would thus be European and American emigrants. THE CITY OF THE MORMONS.
a million and a quarter of white and negro inhabitants. Romanism. a recent appeal to the European Churches. extending southward to latitude 36 30'." Bishop Kemper gives the following information on subject. a infidelity. pervading the land clergymen of our church scattered at wide intervals over this prodigious surface. " Under a canon of the Protestant Episcopal Church. schism. ceeded forthwith to my field of labour. and new religion known . and the country beyond the Mississippi. and found many members of our Catholic and Apostolic Church straying from her fold through the want of pastors. to which were afterwards added Wisconsin. northward to the British possessions. extensively and not more than six or seven as found that about . I also Mormonism. I was consecrated a missionary Bishop for Indiana and Missouri. This region contains a million of square miles.APPENDIX. Iowa. and westward to the Pacific Ocean. PAGE this 2. and numerous Indian tribes amounting in population to I pronot less than three hundred thousand souls. passed in the year 1835. paganism. "Amid in countless forms of schism. heresy.
seventy-three clergymen. and Denmark. " Within the bounds of my mission. four schools. and eighty in width. and British America. large conand substantial stone churches. &c. to which. eighty thousand dollars. where I have (1841) but twenty. the Bishop says. In St. one hundred and twenty The present feet in length." contains five hundred and The Book Mormon . one academy young boys. and German. a large proportion of whom were members of the Reformed Churches of Great Britain. Louis alone they have a large cathedral." PAGE 3. it is said. They annually receive large funds Lyons.three fellow-labourers. ten academies for ladies. who preach and catechise every Sunday in English. they are from Vienna. Norway. Sweden. They have also four chapels. for two colleges two ecclesiastical young men. extensive colleges. Prussia. position of their diocese of St." Speaking of the Roman Catholics. thousand emigrants from Europe annually set- tled within my jurisdiction. Louis fifty-six churches. by which vents. they have three bishops. Germany. beside the bishop. French. in addition to a vast influx of settlers from the eastern parts of the United States. ten female convents. and a splendid church. is as follows : nine churches building.. and eight charitable institutions. and one hundred and six priests. "A New of Book. sixty other for stations. which cost.62 thirty APPENDIX. seminaries. there are attached four clergymen. enabled to erect splendid cathedrals. as yet unfinished.
Mormonism is a heresy of a very dangerous and disgraceful tendency and I am sorry to add. and he alone escaped to tell the tale.APPENDIX. Joe Smith.000 were slain in a single battle." about 230. for the benefit of British " Saints." I am permitted by a clergyman of the diocese of Chester to give the following extracts from a addressed by him to me. February 4th. For your very kind and satisfactory information as to that arch-impostor. these spurious records is about a thousand years. consisting of fifteen different books. An English edition of the Book of Mormon. and termiIt professes nating with the year of our Lord 420. and by different authors. ter near the hill in down to their final disas- New York. revised and corrected." and discovered to him by an angel in the year 1823. purporting to he written at different times. in the state of " the reformed golden plates. . has been published at Manchester. to trace the history of the American aborigines. under one Lehi. "a large portion of whom are natives of Christian and enlightened England. in Egyptian character. " letter. according to " the prophet Moroni." PAGE 4. with which various prophecies and sermons are intermingled. it has produced effects already in some parishes . 63 eighty-eight duodecimo pages. from the time of their leaving Jerusalem in the reign of Zedekiah. are declared by Smith to have been written on Camorah. These records. whose names they The period of time covered by respectively bear. commencing with the time of Zedekiah. I most cordially thank you. which contest. 1842.
and others. they extended their iniquitous operations to various villages on each side of the Kibble. They first of all laid blasphemous scheme at Preston. after This taking out a licence at the quarter sessions. preachers among the Methodists and Cal- vinists have joined the unholy compact. we give unto him this letter of commendation to the esteem and fellowship of the Saints. 1838. and the same results followed in other places nearer Clitheroe. and in other villages probably the same. . labourers. mechanics. In 1838. in any land or country to which he may be pleased to remove. whoever among them could supply the needful. England which.. in Lancashire." 2 .64 in APPENDIX. or passport. the famous Roman station of Ribcunium. At Rib- numbered chester. occurred about the year 1836 or 37. and even in short. " Presiding Elders of said Church. " This will be called for. to Nauvoo. and in good standing and fellowship. every Mormon in one village. of which the following is a copy: do hereby certify that A. farmers. "ORSON HYDE. one could their scarcely imagine possible. received a certificate. and they soon in that locality nearly 500 converts. the bearer of a regular member. "AfarcA*29. and emigrate In 1838. and is a worthy member of the same and as a token also of our love and good will. C. Since that time. " H. is " We Waddington. B. in this enlightened age. they seduced itinerant many . have been persuaded to sell their property. in the Church of the Latter-day Saints in this. KIMBALL.
1838. April 13. the letter is brought out with solemn pomp. it When this sorrowful prediction shall be be read to the chwrch. which cause pain in our hearts. If he leaves them. and become the enemy of the people of God. repent. but will reject the truth. and will also pain you when they are fulfilled before you yet you shall have joy in the end. and the contents are read pub- The following will serve for an example of licly. After his in effect letter. is immersed. these prophetic letters : " Liverpool. and expose the mysteries which have been committed to him. is artfully designing. The way produce A which a Mormon prophecy is given to on the converts. to write to you a few words. Brother Webster will not abide in the Spirit of the Lord. " Farewell in the Lord. young man. that a righteous judgment may be executed upon him.APPENDIX. the seal is broken. place. this letter shall " ORSON HYDE." . Three hundred of these certificates were printed 15 were by which speculation about realized. a meetkept by ing of all the Mormons in the neighbourhood takes right . and also unto the Holy Ghost. KIMBALL. C. " DEAR BROTHERS AND SISTERS IN PRESTON. unless he speedily . It seemeth good unto us. and shall prove a solemn warning to all to beware. all is is unknown to the As long as he remains faithful. the letter remains carefully sealed. the elders write a proselyte himself. fulfilled. immersion. 65 at Clitheroe. and third parties. " H. for instance.
They are the eye-witnesses of no miracle they see no dead raised to life. designed to explain the obscurities and supply Book the deficiencies of our Scriptures. generally circulated in England. The American edition of this book had no index to guide its readers to any particular passage or doctrine. and that it is deficient and incomplete many particulars. elder commences by obto his congregation that he does not know serving what to say. and in an English edition. that our Bible has suffered by in translation. One night the Mormon . : no dumb no blind enabled to see. or the weak and wavering classes in larger towns. but to have as extensive a field as possible. On another night. ever. he announces his intention to read a portion of gravely the old Scriptures for edification invariably. but that he will say whatever the Lord shall put into his mouth. in order to weave in from time to time such " Book of Mormon" as he knows to portions of the be best adapted to effect his object. converts-. precisely and when they were not. howqualified to speak. They next declare that the of Mormon and the revelations bestowed on Smith and Rigdon are additional favours from the Deity.66 APPENDIX. even it was not the among and hence very few were able to know when the preacher's words were Mormonic. printed at Manchester. It never enters into the minds of their dupes to inquire as to the credentials of these preachers. taking care not to confine himself to any particular subject. This peculiarity was remarked upon at the time. an index was inserted. In England. the preachers of Mormonism genethe astonished na- rally begin by insinuating among tives of rural villages. .
confirm the parties next day.APPENDIX. to individuals who in the bewildered state of their minds scarcely It is know their right hand from their left. however. High and mighty occasions. they proceed to enact a mock ordination. the successes of Mormonism described. visions and revelations stated. and administer. under the very convenient cloak of night. threatenings held out. : Enquiries are for example. made " in reference to other particulars What kind of people reside in this ? What places of worship do they neighbourhood What opinions have you formed as to frequent ? the natural bent of their Will they be disposed to join P 2 respective dispositions ? us. is the business transacted on such It consists of exhortations to stand firm. and trying with all its energy to make the worse appear the better cause. apostates excommunicated. chaining it fast by iniquitous discipline. immerse converts after dark. con- verts reprimanded. that Mormonism in England performs most It is then in the zenith of its of its operations. gifts received for the " Bishop of Zion. in the course of two or three days at the farthest. 67 For the continuance of the fraudulent scheme. and system. the secret Meeting exclusion of every individual except the initiated. to the hours. explanations offered. instructions given. a mock sacrament. glory. or will they exercise . These assume their blasphemous calling on the pretended sanction of the Deity. In such beguiling " " Church is held. choosing out of the whole body of converts certain individuals who are deemed most trustworthy. order. converting ignorance into the tool of delusion." confessions made. and suggestions offered for removing the difficulties in its way.
under the auspices French government. at first. " The Nauvoo land as follows Legion embraces all in England. who named it in honour of the reigning monarch. But system. . as the and the absolute necessity of very sine qud non. even in a bad cause. an influence against us ? Are they principally in the humble walks of life." PAGE. It was the opinion of many of our clerical brethren would upset itself. order. Louisiana was retroceded to France. The regents of the uni- versity will supervise all matters of education. from common schools up to the highest branches. a city of thirty thousand inhabitants. and discipline are powerful ingreSmith writes to Engdients. Louis. Louis St. Louis of the XV. Suggestions are thrown in every possible infants. that the evil : " The our military power. and as the seat of government for Upper In Louisiana was occupied by a Spanish governor.68 APPENDIX. the only effectual path to everlasting salvation. Laclede. Jefferson. it passed into the possession of Spain. and learned professions. 1800." University of Nauvoo will enable us to teach our children arts. St. or are they of some knowledge and understanding? If the answer to these and other questions be apparently favourable. In 1770. "St. 3. sciences. the necessary advice is given to the first converts how they may prevail upon more. by M. way the next step is to urge the grievous sin of baptizing dipping. from which government it States during the presidency of was purchased by the United Mr." was founded in 1764. out how to persuade and .
69 Louis increased slowly until the introduction of steam navigation on the western rivers but during the last seven years its population has increased from 8000 to 30. " This was the Temple. let all my saints afar. the is depth of water at St. is and the number of Roman Catholics in the city not less than 14. and send ye swift messengers. . It contains fifteen places of worship. extracted from for June I.000. lic A third Roman CathoThe church is in progress.APPENDIX. and an African Baptist meeting-house. an African Methodist. three-quarters of a mile the average velocity four miles an hour the average descent of the stream .000. Louis the depth river is four feet twenty-nine feet. and with all your antiquities . and say unto them. two Roman Cathotwo Methodist meeting-houses. two Episcopalian churches. . PAGE 5. one Baptist. and all who . and your silver.. lic. yea. besides a Jewish synagogue. when full." &c. and generally present a handsome appearance. chosen messengers. six inches in every mile. buildings are of brick or stone. verily. I say unto you. The width of the . " come from Verily. one Unitarian." The following are some of Joseph Smith's " Revelations" the "Times and Seasons" on the subject of the temple. one Associate Reformed Presbyterian. two Presbyterian. Come ye with all your gold. is When the Mississippi is at its lowest stage. " Father of waters. viz. 1841. and your precious stones. PAGE 8. one German Lutheran.
except ye perform them in a house which you have shall built to my name ? For for manded Moses that he should it this cause. and the * * * * And it place whereon it shall be built. and with all your precious and build a house to my name. and with copper. and the priesthood thereof. and the fir-tree. all things pertaining to this house. things of the earth the earth brass. nances therein unto unto . " built And unto verily I say unto you.70 APPENDIX. that he may come and restore again that which was lost unto you. . And I will the dispensation of the fulness of times. even the fulness of the priesthood. how your washings be acceptable unto me. .t my hands. or which : for the Most High to dwell therein he hath taken away. have knowledge of antiquities that will come. may come and bring the box-tree. I com- build a tabernacle. for there is not a place found upon earth. and do not the things that I say. and to build a house in the land of promise. verily. that those ordinances might be revealed which had been hid from * * * * before the world was. together with all the precious trees of . I will not neither perform the oath which I make unto you which ye expect a. and the pine-tree. and with iron. let this house be name. that they should bear in the wilderness. shall come to pass. that I may reveal mine ordi- my my people for I design to reveal church things which have been kept hid from my the foundation of the world things that pertain to . I say unto you. show unto my servant Joseph. that if you build a house unto my name. . saith fulfil the promises . and with and with zinc. t< * * * And again.
saith the Lord. with a beautiful hilt. " In Palestine. and my flesh. ye by your own works. have only room We for the among ' publish as following the most extraordinary signs of the times. ORSON HYDE. as I was meditating on the deck of the vessel as she was beating down against a sultry wind. indignation. a very bright glittering sword appeared in the heavens. and by all your abominations which you practise before me. at one o'clock.APPENDIX. I mention a ' and the sign of the coming of the Son of man. He was then on his way to Jerusalem. dated Jaffa. as plain and complete as any cut you ever saw. stretched itself out and took hold of the hilt The appearance really made my hair of the sword. wrath. Oct. The Arabs made a wonderful outcry at the sight." PAGE 1 2. in Christ. extract. &c. rise. an arm with a perfect hand. 1842. crawl on my bones. bring cursings. Oh.' Yours. Allah Allah was their exclamation all over ! ! the vessel. the date being much earlier than the one inserted in another page. And what is still more remarkable. and judgment upon your own heads by your follies. " Another letter has just come to hand from Elder Hyde. which says. is this. the Lord : 71 for instead of blessings. which we On my passage from Beyroot to this place (Jaffa) the night before last." . as it were. because you know there commandment of God for me." The following is from the Times and Seasons' ' for April 1st. Unto you it shall be given to know the signs of the times.
Therefore. Nauvoo House. head. for ever and ever. and a resting-place weary traveller. " Nauvoo House. " Verily. with the following heading : A Translation of some ancient Records that have . Abraham. and and as my servant Lyman. . * * Let it be built unto and let name name. that his blessing shall also be put upon the heads of his posterity after him and as I said unto . let ray servant George. and the glory of this corner-stone thereof. such an one show unto them. my my be named upon it and let my servant Joseph and his house have place therein.72 APPENDIX. it shall be for a house of boarding. in thee and in thy seed shall all the kindreds of the earth be blessed. let my servant Joseph and his seed after him have place in that house from generation to generation. 1841." may contemplate " The writings of Abraham. build a house unto my servant John Snider. and for let it be a delightful habitation for the man. a house that * * strangers may come from afar to lodge therein. saith the Lord and let the name of that house be called the ." The following is a further extract from the " Revelation" of January 19. and others. PAGE 13." Smith's pretended version of these documents may be found in the "Times and Seasons" for March 1. that he the glory of Zion. even so I say unto my servant Joseph. quoted above. and March " 15. upon my servant Joseph shall And the place which he shall show unto them also. my name. 1842. PAGE 22. I say unto you. from generation to For this anointing have I put upon his generation.
the riflemen next. fallen into our 73 hands from the Catacombs of Egypt. D. the Adjutant will observe the rank of companies as follows. the lancers next. purporting to be the writings of Abraham while he was in Egypt. the next on the right of the left and so on to the centre." issued by Joseph Smith. the lancers next. " JOSEPH SMITH. called the Book of Abraham. City of Nauvoo. In forming the Legion. Nauvoo Legion. 1st Battalion.APPENDIX." " JOHN C." The subjoined will serve as a specimen pacity : of " General Orders." . " Lieutenant.General. the artillery first. written by his own hand upon papyrus. the light-infantry next. BENNETT. for the 3rd of July next. A. be attached to the escort contemplated in the general order of the 4th instant. Company (riflemen)." PAGE 25. will 2nd Regiment. . " Major-General. on the right of the the ranking company of troops of their own grade the 1st Cohort will be formed on the right of the said : Cohort. and cavalry next the dragoons. 1841. " 1st Cohort. visiting companies in their appropriate places. " 2nd Cohort. 2nd Cohort. " The Nauvoo Legion. "May "The 1st 25. The escort will be formed on the right of the forces. and the ranking company of the 2nd Cohort will be formed on the left of the said Cohort. visiting companies of dragoons next the lancers. in his military ca" Head Quarters. and the riflemen next. to wit : The flying artillery first.
whose death was alleged to have been caused through improper treatMaria Watkins said ment by unqualified persons. Cow-cross. : Galway Street. in. 709. iii." &c." The following is abridged from a London paper " On Wednesday an investigation was gone into before Mr. may be found Joseph Smith's creed. on the body of Eliza- beth Morgan.74- APPENDIX. 33. Luke's." vol. the casting out of devils. at the Royal Oak. known deceased about twelve months. St. In the " Times and Seasons. PAGE " The Mormons prefer miraculous aid to medicine. Baker the coroner. returned a verdict of ' Natural death/ with a hope that the present inquiry the future. but no medical she had gentleman was called to do so. "The healing of the sick. as he had his doubts whether it was not one The jury. p. such circumstances. it being against the religious tenets of the sect to which the deceased belonged themselves ' The sect to which she belonged styled The Church of Jesus Christ of Lattermeeting being in day Saints. in which are contained the following articles : . Witness found her very ill. James." would act as a caution for PAGE 41.' their place of Castle street. aged fifty-five years. No surgeon was sent for. of manslaughter. and on Tuesday week witness was sent for to attend her. but the deceased sank and died on Saturday last. The coroner said he hardly knew how to deal with the case. They treated their sick accord- ing to a text taken from the last chapter of the Epistle Witness had known of healing under of St. after some deliberation.
as to regard you in any other light than that of a deliberate. " I for believing that have charitably sought to find some ground you and your comrades were only species of religious maniacs. there is pated the final result." Professor Turner of Illinois College. " 75 We He believe in the gift of tongues. &c. however kindly disposed to think well of you. who have entered into your secrets. a new in vain. visions. prophecy. knot of designing persons. reveal PAGE 44." " believe all that God has revealed. and the lamentable credulity of the times. A I have sought man. after a thorough examination of your career. and though your ignorance and utter incapacity have not suffered you to turn aside from their loathsome track. You have not even the poor merit of either talent or originality." success than most of your predeces- . interpretation of tongues. might as well attempt to believe your religion. I do not pretend that in the outset you even antici- On the contrary. thus addresses " A Joseph Smith. healing.APPENDIX." that will does now reveal. have enabled you to attain a more signal and desolating sors. Your highest aim has ever been to crawl among the droves of reptile impostors who have preceded you. abundant evidence that at first your aims rose no higher than those of ordinary vagrants and jugglers. cold-blooded. your fortunate union with others of greater ability. persevering deceiver. all We and we believe that He yet many great and important things pertaining to the kingdom of God. revelation.
" He descended in America and preached the Gospel to the Indians. not ascended into heaven. 1841. but that the world belied Mahomet as they belied him. probably it seems that David did not." See Book of Mormon." John Corrill also testified that he had heard " that if Joseph Smith say publicly. Now we read that many bodies of the Saints ' : but arose at Christ's resurrection. that he believed Mahomet was a good man that the Koran was not a true thing. 1841. 5th chapter of Nephi. of Joseph Smith and In the course of the trial others. " PAGE 44. all ? the Saints. for his sepulchre is with us to this day his remains were then in the tomb. people molested him he would establish his religion by the sword . and that he would become to this generation a second Mahomet." In a report of Smith's sermon of May 16th. say. " David was in hell. Why because he had been a murderer. ." PAGE in the 47.76 APPENDIX." PAGE 47. George M. "Times and Seasons" : of June 1st. . " And now it came to pass that there were a great multitude gathered together of the people of Nephi * * . David hath ' . Hinkle testified as follows : " I have heard Joseph Smith . and that Mahomet was a true pro- phet. Mahomet" &c. for high treason against the state of Missouri. we find the annexed passage " Even David must wait for the times of refreshing before he can come forth and his sins be blotted out for Peter speaking of him says.
and the eyes of the whole multitude was turned upon him. in taking upon me the sins of the world. but in heaven." for April 15th. when they never it ? But they will possess the Certainly not. * * 77 and they cast their eyes up towards heaven." Joseph Smith says in an article on this subject in the "Times and Seasons. * * * they will come out of their prison upon the same principle as those who were disobedient in the days of Noah were visited by our Saviour. and of the Spirit. " What has become of our fathers ? will they be damned for not obeying the Gospel. * * * and it came to pass that he stretched forth his hand and Behold I am Jesus spake unto the people saying Christ of which the prophets testified that should come ' : into the world. not their dead. which not only administers in earth.APPENDIX. and he came down .' they : were baptized of course. 1842. and and behold I am the light and life of I have drank out of that bitter cup which the Father hath given me. he can in no wise enter into the kingdom of heaven . the world.' " Baptism for the dead. is for themselves. same privilege that we here enjoy through the medium of the everlasting priesthood. " heard might fulfil all the requisitions of God. but for that the Marchionites * This the prophet's own orthography. * * * and in order that they PAGE 55. and thus fulfilled ' the requirements of God Except a man be born again of water. and behold they saw a man descending out of heaven he was clothed in a white robe. their living friends were baptized for their dead friends. . and have glorified the Father. * Crysostum says. and stood in the midst of them.
as the first missionary bishop. German descent White. He was He is absolutely without a home." is the most western Protestant Episcopal college in the world. that the prophet is beginning (in his own way) to quote the fathers. in the Philadelphia. The main . and said that he would be baptized in his stead. being nearly half-way between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. For many years he was assistant minister to the late bishop parochial charge of Christ. The expenses of his mission are borne by the committee for domestic missions in the United States. the other answered for him. they asked him whether he would receive baptism and . subsequently elected and consecrated by the House of Bishops. to the PAGE 57. they hid a living man under the bed of the deceased. and so they baptized the living for the dead. he making no answer. question. Bishop Kemper his immediate ancestors having emigrated from Manheim on the Rhine. " The amiable and patient missionary bishop of Missouri." &c. being almost perpetually engaged in visiting various portions of the enormous region committed to his ecclesiastical superintendence. " This institution Keraper College. It is pleasing to turn from Joseph Smith. then coming to the dead man. A more difficult field of mission- ary duty can scarcely be imagined. ' practised baptism for the dead. PAGE 57.78 APPENDIX.Church. contemplation of the truly is estimable of person in . after a catechumen was dead." It appears by the above extract.
79 building was completed externally during the year 1841. incorporatthe city of Nauvoo." found " Sec. for the teaching of the arts. under the enlightened and active presidency of the Rev. which board shall thereafter be a body corporate and politic. to be called the ' University of the city of Nauvoo/ which institution shall be under the control and management of a board of trustees. The object of the college. trustees shall at all times be appointed by the city council. by the name of the chancellor and regents of the uni* * * provided that the versity of the city of Nauvoo. is the preparation of young men for the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In the same year a considerable amount of valuable books was presented to the college by pious individuals in England. from zealous Christians in New York and Philadelphia. Hutchinson. it bids fair ultimately to realize the sanguine expectations of the Church. Under an : "The Mormon University. 24. the following provisions are ing PAGE 57. for the and shall have all the powers and privileges advancement of the cause of education. act of the Illinois legislature. to the amount of twenty-five thousand dollars. and learned professions. sciences. and. E. The city council may establish and organize an institution of learning within the limits of the city. as well as by several of the great Societies. consisting of a chancellor. which . registrar. Bishop Kemper having solicited and obtained funds for the purpose. and twenty-three regents. C. with perpetual succession.APPENDIX.
Christ." PAGE 58." The indifference of the poorer class of English emigrants to the Church of their fathers is truly lamentable. is iii.) " his We We We believe in God the Eternal Father. as published by Joseph " Times and (See given below. readily connects himself with any schismatic conventicle which may be at hand. mechanic. The Roman Catholic emigrant. But the which he held English labourer. other college or appertain to the trustees of any university of this state. through ignorance or carelessness. and. said of the Scottish Presbyterian. or small farmer.80 APPENDIX. and in in the will Son Jesus sins. p. retains his attachment to his faith. by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel. Seasons. and Holy Ghost. Creed. THE MORMON CREED. however poor or friendless. . too often forgets his churchmanship. 709. " believe that men be punished for their own " all and not for Adam's transgression." vol. of the Irish and Scottish Episcopalian. in " Few attach themselves to the Church America. THE Mormon Smith himself. on his arrival in the United States. believe that through the atonement of Christ mankind may be saved. The German Lutheran is firm in his allegiance to the principles The same may be and in the land of his nativity.
to preach the Gospel. God has revealed. for the remission of sins 4th. and by laying on of hands by those who are in authority. and the restoration of the Ten Tribes that Zion will . " " We believe in the same organization that existed in the primitive church. Evangelists. Word of God. " in 81 We believe that these ordinances are. .APPENDIX. for the gift of the Holy . interpreting of tongues. be built upon this continent personally upon the earth . Baptism by immersion. be renewed. Word of God. We privilege worshipping Almighty according to the dictates of our conscience. " claim the of that Christ will reign and that the earth will . &c. " We believe of the Bible to be the . revelation. believe in the gift of tongues. as far as it is translated correctly we also believe the Book " Mormon now to be the all We believe he does reveal to the reveal. and allow all men the same privilege. the Lord Jesus Christ We believe that a man must be called of God by prophecy. " We Teachers. viz. visions. Pastors. " We believe in being subject to kings. Apostles. 1st. where. &c. : 2nd. Repentance 3rd. presidents. Faith . and receive its paradisaic glory. prophecy. or what they may. and we believe that he that all that will yet in many great and important things pertaining kingdom of God. Laying on of hands. " We believe in the literal gathering of Israel. and administer in the ordinances thereof. healing. Ghost. let them worship God how. Prophets.
and hope to be able to many If there is anything virtuous. . THE END. John's Square. by his own account. We ' volent. we seek we may say we believe Paul. chaste. have endured after these things. London. St. in obeying.). AI'PKNDTX. bene- and magistrates.' we things. GIMJEUI & RIVINCJTON. Windsor County. virtuous. and all in things.82 rulers. honouring. 1805. deed that we doing good to all men infollow the admonition of . was born in town of Sharon." the Joseph Smith. and the law. or of good report. endure all things. Vermont (U. lovely. or praiseworthy. on the 23rd of December. we hope all things . S. Printers. true. sustaining " believe in being honest.
V UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS-URBANA C001 " 298C27C THE CITY THE MORMONS LOND 30112025279883 .