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Leading the path

towards 5G with
LTE Advanced Pro
January 2016
Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
LTE Advanced is being rapidly deployed globally
Evolving for faster, better mobile broadband

95+ Commercial network

launches in 48 countries

1,500+ Commercial devices

across 100s of vendors

>900M LTE / LTE Advanced

subscriptions worldwide

Source: GSA ( 2015 on network launches, Dec 2015 on subscriptions 2

Leading the path towards Gigabit LTE
Qualcomm Snapdragon LTE modems and modem classes

600 Mbps
X12 LTE Modem
LTE Advanced
450 Mbps
X10 LTE Modem
LTE Advanced
300 Mbps
X7 LTE Modem
LTE Advanced
150 Mbps
X5 LTE Modem
LTE Advanced

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Year that support in Qualcomm Technologies modem is announced
Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
Speeds represent peak download speeds 3
Introducing LTE Advanced Pro
Rising up to meet the significant expanding connectivity needs of tomorrow

Propel mobile broadband even further

Enhance the mobile broadband experience and continue
to deliver solutions to efficiently grow capacity

Progress LTE capabilities towards a unified, more capable 5G platform

3GPP Release 13+

Proliferate LTE to new use cases
Connecting new industries, enabling new services
and empowering new user experiences

Propel mobile broadband even further
Enhance user experience and deliver efficient solutions to increase capacity

Carrier Aggregation evolutionwider bandwidths

Aggregating more carriers, diverse spectrum types and across different cells

LTE in unlicensed spectrum

Make the best use of the vast amounts of unlicensed spectrum available

Gbps+ peak rates TDD/FDD evolutionfaster, more flexible

More uniform experience Enable significantly lower latency, adaptive UL/DL configuration, and more
Better coverage
Significantly lower latencies Many more antennaspath to massive MIMO
Exploit 3D beamforming (FD-MIMO) to increase capacity and coverage

Proliferate LTE to new use cases
New ways to connect
Connect the and interact New classes
Internet of Things Evolving LTE-Direct of services

Digital TV broadcasting
High Performance Communications

Proximal awareness

Low power/complexity Public safety

Latency-critical control

Extending the value of LTE technology and ecosystem 6

Progress LTE capabilities towards 5G
In parallel driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential

Advanced MIMO Unlicensed spectrum eLAA

Internet of Things Enhanced CA
Carrier aggregation FDD-TDD CA Massive/FD-MIMO
CoMP Device-to-device Shared Broadcast
Dual connectivity Low Latency

LTE Advanced LTE Advanced Pro

2015 2020+
Note: Estimated commercial dates. Not all features commercialized at the same time 7
Progress LTE capabilities towards 5G
In parallel driving 4G and 5G to their fullest potential

Unified, more capable platform for spectrum bands below/above 6 GHz
For new spectrum available beyond 2020, including legacy re-farming
Fully leverage 4G investments for a phased 5G rollout
Significantly improve cost and energy efficiency

Further backwards-compatible enhancements

LTE Advanced Pro For spectrum opportunities available before 2020

2020 2030+
Note: Estimated commercial dates. Not all features commercialized at the same time 8
Propel mobile
even further
Carrier Aggregation evolution

LTE in unlicensed spectrum

TDD/FDD evolution

Many more antennas

Carrier Aggregationfatter pipe enhances user experience
Leading LTE Advanced feature today

Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 1

Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 2

Up to
Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 3 100 MHz of
data pipe
data pipe bandwidth
Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 4

Up to 20 MHz LTE radio channel 5

Higher peak data rate Better experience More capacity and better Maximize use of
and lower latency for all users network efficiency1 spectrum assets
1 The typical bursty nature of usage, such as web browsing, means that aggregated carriers can support more users at the same response (user experience) compared to two individual carriers, given that the for carriers are
partially loaded which is typical in real networks. The gain depends on the load and can exceed 100% for fewer users (less loaded carrier) but less for many users. For completely loaded carrier, there is limited capacity gain
between individual carriers and aggregated carriers 10
Evolving Carrier Aggregation to achieve wider bandwidths
Across more carriers Across spectrum types Across cells
Paired Unpaired

Across FDD/TDD supported in Rel. 12

Licensed Unlicensed

Up to 32 carriers Dual Connectivity supported in

supported in Rel. 13 Across spectrum types in Rel. 13+ (LAA, eLAA, LWA)* Rel. 12, enhancing in Rel. 13

* Licensed Assisted Access (LAA), enhanced LAA, LTE Wi-Fi Aggregation (LWA) 11
Making best use of unlicensed spectrum
Unlicensed 5 GHz spectrum ideal for small cells

Pico/ Small Venues Residential/

Enterprises Businesses Neighborhood

Large amounts of Aggregation with Multiple technologies will

spectrum available at licensed spectrum for co-exist LTE-U, LAA/eLAA,
5 GHz (~500 MHz1) best performance Wi-Fi, MulteFire
1 Regionally dependent 12
Extending LTE to unlicensed spectrum globally with LAA
Licensed Assisted Access (LAA) with Listen Before Talk (LBT)

~2x capacity and range

Compared to Wi-Fi in dense
Unlicensed (5 GHz)

Carrier Enhanced user experience

aggregation Licensed anchor for control
and mobility
Licensed Anchor
(400 MHz 3.8 GHz) Single unified LTE network
Common management

LAA introduced in 3GPP Rel. 13: Fair Wi-Fi coexistence

In many cases, a better neighbor
Supplemental Downlink (SDL) to boost downlink

to Wi-Fi than Wi-Fi itself

1 LAAR13 will be downlink only. Aggregating with either licensed TDD or licensed FDD is possible with SDL; 2 Assumptions: Two operators. 48 Pico+108 Femto cells per operator. 300 users per operator with 70% indoor. 3GPP Bursty model.
12x40MHz @ 5GHz for unlicensed spectrum; LTE 10 MHz channel at 2 GHz;. 2x2 MIMO, Rank 1 transmission, eICIC enabled; LAA R13, 2x2 MIMO (no MU-MIMO).; Wi-Fi - 802.11ac 2x2 MIMO (no MU-MIMO), LDPC codes and 256QAM). 13
Worlds first over-the-air LAA trial during November 2015
Joint effort by Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. with a major Europe MNO

Completed a wide range of test cases

Indoor and outdoor deployment scenarios
Different combinations of LAA, LWA and Wi-Fi
Single and multiple usersboth stationary and mobile
Handover between cells
Range of radio conditions

OTA LAA trial demonstrated benefits of LAA

Fair co-existence of LAA with Wi-Fi over all test cases
Coverage and capacity benefits of LAA over carrier Wi-Fi1 Screenshot of live results from A combined test cell with
Seamless mobility of both LAA and LWA trial in Nuremburg, Germany LTE, LAA, LWA and Wi-Fi

A big milestone towards commercial deployment

1 Based on 802.11ac 14
Enhanced LAA (eLAA) in Release 14 and beyond
To further improve flexibility and efficiency
Release 14 and beyond

Uplink & downlink aggregation

Boost uplink data rates and capacity in
addition to downlink

Dual Connectivity
Aggregation of unlicensed and licensed
carriers across non-collocated nodes
Release 13

LAA introduced Complexity reduction


Carrier Defines Supplemental Downlink More efficient HARQ, channel

(SDL) to boost downlink data coding and TDD operation for
Licensed Anchor
rates and capacity higher data rates

1 UL aggregation part of Rel. 14other features proposed; 2 Aggregation of unlicensed downlink and uplink is possible with either licensed TDD or licensed FDD; 3 Complexity/cost reduction is also applicable to licensed LTE 15
LWA for existing and new carrier Wi-Fi
LTE Wi-Fi link aggregation part of 3GPP Release 13

Leverages new/existing carrier Wi-Fi

(2.4 & 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum)

Enhanced user experience

Wi-Fi Licensed anchor for control and mobility
Possible across
non-collocated Unified network
nodes Link Operator LTE network in full control of Wi-Fi
Control Traffic aggregation
Better performance
Simultaneously using both LTE and Wi-Fi links

Modem-level aggregation
LTE Anchor for superior performance
(Licensed Spectrum)

Notes: Aggregation on modem level (PDCP level), also leveraging dual connectivity defined inR12; Control over X2-like interface needs to be supported by Wi-Fi AP. No change to LTE & WiFi PHY/MAC. No change to core
network 16
Many more antennas to increase capacity and coverage
Significant spectral efficiency gains by introducing Full Dimension (FD) MIMO

Elevation beamforming
Exploit 3D
beamforming utilizing
Azimuth beamforming a 2D antenna array

Release 13 Release 14 and beyond Evolving towards

2D codebook support for 8-, 12- and Support higher-order massive MIMO Massive MIMO
16-antenna elements with Reference >16-antenna elementsa key setting the path to 5G
Signal enhancements for beamforming enabler for higher spectrum bands

LTE Advanced Pro will achieve significantly lower latency
A technology enabler for faster, better mobile broadband and beyond

Improved throughput Better user experience for Potentially address new

performance real-time applications latency-critical apps
By addressing TCP/UDP Such as reducing packet and call Such as command-and-control of
throughput limitations at peak setup delay for Voice- or drones, industrial equipment; also
rates today Video-over-IP applications likely part of LTE V2X design

New FDD/TDD design delivers >10x reduction in latency

Designed to coexist in the same band with nominal LTE nodes

Shorter Time Significantly lower

Transmission Interval (TTI) Round Trip Time (RTT)
Traditional LTE subframe (1ms)
1 symbol TTI = ~70us
Faster Data 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0

14 OFDM Data Symbols (~70us each) HARQ RTT


14 symbol TTI LTE/LTE Advanced today)

Faster HARQ RTT = 600us

LTE Advanced Pro

1 symbol TTI (~70us) 1ms
Study item part of Rel. 13 New self-
Ctrl Data ACK

contained design DL
(Tx) (Tx) (Rx) example
reduces RTT
Data and acknowledgement
in the same subframe 2

1 Over-the-air latency based on LTE / LTE Advanced HARQ RTT today = 8ms; LTE Advanced Pro = 600us based on 1 symbol TTI; 2 Retransmission may occur immediately in the next TDD subframe 19
Evolving TDD design
For a faster, more flexible frame structure

New self-contained TDD subframes Dynamic UL/DL configuration

Supports both legacy
DL S UL UL UL DL S UL UL UL and new self-contained DL S UL UL UL DL S UL UL UL

Dynamically change UL/DL


L L L L L L L L L L L L L L Self-contained DL
configuration based on traffic



L L L L L L L L L L L L L L Self-contained UL

Significantly lower Faster link adaptation More flexible capacity

over-the-air latency e.g. fast SRS for FD-MIMO based on traffic conditions

1 Sounding Reference Signal signal transmitted by the UE in the uplink direction; used by the eNodeB to estimate the uplink channel quality 20
FDD also evolving for adaptive UL/DL allocation
Flexible Duplex flexibly converts FDD UL resources for DL traffic offloading

FDD today Flexible Duplex



Particularly suitable for Requires advanced receivers Proposed as part of

1 2
small cell deployments for superior performance 3GPP Release 14

1 In which terminal and network transmission power are more similar; 2 For device Interference Cancellation 21
Extending LTE technology to new deployment scenarios
Introducing MulteFireLTE-based technology solely for unlicensed spectrum

4G LTE-like performance Wi-Fi-like deployment simplicity

Enhanced capacity and range Operates in unlicensed spectrum

Improved mobility, quality-of- Harmoniously coexist Leaner, self-contained network
experience architecture
Hyper-dense, self-optimizing
with Wi-Fi, LTE-U/LAA Suitable for neutral host
deployments deployments

Broadens LTE technology/ecosystem to new deployment

opportunities and entities
MulteFire is a trademark of the MulteFire Alliance (; MulteFire is not part of the 3GPP standard; it does heavily leverage 3GPP LAA technology 22
Enhanced offload for mobile networks with MulteFire
High-performance neutral host offload capabilities

Traditional mobile deployments Neutral host deployments

Separate spectrum bands and deployments may Using common spectrum and common deployment
prohibit reaching all venues, enterprises and homes provides neutral host services (Wi-Fi like)

Proliferate LTE
to new use
Connect the Internet of Things

Bring new ways to connect

Enable new types of services

Scaling to connect the Internet of Things
Scaling up in performance and mobility
Scaling down in complexity and power

LTE Advanced LTE Cat-1 LTE-M (Cat-M1) NB-IOT

>10 Mbps Up to 10 Mbps Up to 1 Mbps 10s of kbps to 100s of kbps
n x 20 MHz 20 MHz 1.4 MHz narrowband 180 kHz narrowband

LTE Advanced (Today+) LTE IoT (Release 13+)

Mobile Video security Wearables Object Tracking Utility metering Environment monitoring

Connected car Energy Management Connected healthcare City infrastructure Smart buildings

Significantly widening the range of enterprise and consumer use cases

Scaling down cost and complexity with LTE IoT
LTE-M (Cat-M1) and NB-IOT part of Release 13

Multi-year Deeper Reduced High

Battery Life Coverage Device Cost Node Density
Enhanced power save Achieve up to 20 dB Narrowband operation Signaling and other network
modes and more efficient increase in link budget for (1.4 MHz or 180 kHz) plus optimizations, e.g. overload
signaling, e.g. extended delay-tolerant applications further modem and RFFE control, to support a large
DRX sleep cycles via repetitive transmissions complexity reductions number of devices per cell

Co-existence with todays services leveraging existing

infrastructure and spectrumlow deployment cost
New NB-IOT design also part of 3GPP Release 13
Global standard for Low Power Wide Area applications based on licensed spectrum

Scales even further in cost and power Addresses a subset of IoT use cases
Narrower bandwidth Various potential deployment options Low data rate Up to 100s of kbps
(180 kHz) incl. in-band within LTE deployment1

Higher density Massive number (10s of thousands) Delay tolerant Seconds of latency
of low data rate things per cell

Longer battery life Beyond 10 years of battery life for Nomadic mobility No handover;
certain use cases cell reselection only

Lower device cost Comparable to GPRS devices

Sample use cases

Extended coverage Deep indoor coverage, e.g. for

sensors located in basements
Remote sensors Object Tracking Utility metering Smart buildings
(>164 dB MCL)
1May be deployed in-band, utilizing resource blocks within normal LTE carrier or standalone for deployments in dedicated spectrum including re-farming GSM channels.
Also exploring deployments in the unused resource blocks within a LTE carriers guard-band, 27
Bringing new ways to intelligently connect and interact
Devices are no longer just end pointsintegral parts of the network

Device-to-device discovery Vehicle-to-Everything Relays and multi-hop to

and communications Communications (V2X) extend coverage

Expanding the LTE Direct device-to-device platform
Release 12 Release 13 Release 14 and beyond
D2D platform for consumer and Expanded D2D discovery and Multi-hop communication
public safety use cases D2D communications and more use cases

Discovery of 1000s of More flexible discovery such as Additional D2D

devices/services in ~500m restricted/private1 and inter-frequency communication capabilities

Reliable one-to-many communications Device-to-network relays2 Proposed for vehicle-to-vehicle

(in- and out-of-coverage)* (V2V) and beyond

1 Important for e.g. Social Networking discovery use cases; 2 Designed for Public Safety use cases 29
LTE Advanced Pro enhancements for V2X
Proposed as part of Release 14

Vehicle-to-Vehicle Vehicle-to-Infrastructure
Build upon LTE Direct D2D discovery and Vehicles send messages to V2X server via unicast;
communication designenhancements for high speeds / V2X server uses LTE Broadcast with enhancements
high Doppler and low latency to broadcast messages to vehicles and beyond

e.g. location, speed e.g. road hazard

information, services

Empowering vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications
Vehicle-to- Car approaching intersection
Collision Warning Pedestrian (V2P)

Vehicle (V2V)

Accident ahead Vehicle-to- Vehicle-to-

Network (V2N) Infrastructure (V2I)

Safety Traffic Efficiency Situational Awareness

Enhances ADAS with 360 Vehicles exchange info with each Vehicles made more aware
non-line-of-sight awareness such other and infrastructure such as of things such as curve speed
as forward collision warning cooperative adaptive cruise control and queue warnings

In addition to LTE V2X, 802.11p Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) is expected to be mandated for future light
vehicles by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHSTA) in the United States to improve road safety*
* Qualcomm has conducted extensive research into various use cases for DSRC, including V2P applications that could extend the safety benefits of V2V communications to vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists.
LTE is well suited for V2X communications
Ubiquitous coverage
Established networks serving billions of connections worldwide

Tight integration with existing capability set

E.g. connected infotainment, telematics

Mature ecosystem
Backed by global standards with seamless interoperability

High reliability and robust security

Managed services based on licensed spectrum with security features built-in

Rich roadmap including 5G

Future enhancementsnot complete redesign

Different deployment scenarios possible for LTE V2X
No infrastructure, In-coverage, common V2V spectrum
out-of-coverage shared by multiple operators
Operator A Operator B
V2I frequency 1 V2I frequency 2

Common V2V
frequency V
frequency V

Operator C
V2I frequency 3

Frequency V = Common spectrum dedicated for V2V communications for a specific region 33
Our vision for the connected car of the future
V2X an important stepping stone to a safer, more autonomous driving experience

Wi-Fi hotspot
Immersive multimedia
Computer vision
Heterogeneous On-device Always-on sensing
Real-time navigation connectivity intelligence
Intuitive security
Machine learning
Connected infotainment
Augmented reality

Empowering new classes of wireless services
New opportunities for the entire mobile ecosystem

Proximal awareness Public Safety

Expanding upon LTE Direct platform to Leverage the vast LTE ecosystem for
discover nearby devices/services robust public safety communications

Digital TV broadcasting Latency-critical control

Evolving LTE Broadcast to Utilize reduction in over-the-air latency
deliver a converged TV network for command-and-control applications

Evolving LTE Broadcast for mobile and beyond
Broadcast on Demand Converged TV services Small Cell Optimizations
Dynamic switching1 between Performance enhancements to Including using bandwidth-rich
unicast and broadcast, even enable a single network for 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum
on a per cell basis mobile/fixed devices

To the extent


Provides scalability for demand Longer range up to 15 km3, flexibility Enhancing venue casting and
or event driven broadcast, e.g. to dedicate full carrier, higher capacity , beyond; such as leveraging LAA for
sports event ability to insert customized ads, and better user experience than Wi-Fi2
support for shared broadcast
1 This feature is called Mood (Multicast operation on Demand) introduced in Rel. 12, evolving for per cell basis in Rel. 13; 2 Based on SFN gain and mandatory anchor in licensed spectrum; 3 with cyclic prefix of 200 us; 4
features such as 2x2 MIMO and 256 QAM part of Rel. 13 of 3GPP. 5 Proposed for 3GPP R14; delivery of broadcast via several providers using a common SFN timing on a shared broadcast carrier. 36
Using LTE Broadcast for converged digital TV services
Candidate in Europea single broadcast network for mobile and fixed devices
Overlay broadcast on existing
LTE networkwith opportunity for
shared broadcast

Unpaired spectrum
Offering TV service on
dedicated spectrum

Exploiting LTE devices with

inherent LTE Broadcast support

Adding LTE Broadcast capability to

other devices, such as regular TV

2x more efficient than Allows broadcasters to reach Converged broadcast-unicast,

todays DVB-T/ATSC lucrative mobile market e.g. on-demand, interactivity
1 Current broadcast technology operates in Multi Frequency Network (MFN) mode with a frequency reuse of at least 4 with a spectrum efficiency of up to 4 bps/Hz inside each cell. This corresponds to an overall spectrum
efficiency of approx. 1bps/Hz. Whereas LTE-B operates in SFN over the entire coverage area with a spectrum efficiency of up to 2bps/Hz. 37
Shared LTE Broadcast for new media delivery models
Proposed as part of 3GPP Release 14
Content Providers
TV, Paid TV, Media Streaming, etc.

Media Gateway
Operator A Operator B
Unicast frequency 1 Unicast frequency 2
Common eMBMS
frequency 3


Common eMBMS-only carrier shared Users access content unbundled Users can access content even without
across Mobile Operators from transport operators subscription

Enabling new proximal awareness & discovery services
LTE Direct introduced in Release 12; enhancements part of Release 13

Discovery at scale Interoperable discovery

Discovery of 1000s of devices / Universal framework for discovery
services in the proximity of ~500m across apps/devices/operators

Always-on awareness Part of global LTE standard

Privacy sensitive and battery Opportunities for entire mobile
efficient discovery industryvast LTE ecosystem

New LTE Direct proximal awareness services
Continuous Discovery Personalized Interactions
of relevant people, products, services, events with the users surroundings and environment

Social Discovery Loyalty Programs

of friends, colleagues, dates, personalizing services and offers

Retail Discovery Reverse Auctions

of merchants, products, personalizing promotions

Event Discovery Digital Out-of-Home

of music, sporting, personalizing digital signs

Service Discovery Personalized Services

of restaurants, transportation, . personalizing experiences, e.g. at a venue

Based on the users interests/affinities

Enabling LTE Public Safety services
Leverage LTE Direct device-to-device capabilities

Robust communications
Device-to-device communications
(both in-coverage and out-of-coverage)

LTE ecosystem
Leverage vast ecosystem of devices

3GPP Rel. 12 one-to-many communications;
Rel. 13 UE-network relays, MCPTT1 service layer

Emulates the Professional/Land Mobile

Radio (PMR/LMR) push-to-talk systems

1 MCPTT = Mission-Critical Push-to-Talk 41

Potential new use cases with significantly lower latencies
ULL node

Millisecond latency
Sample use cases Targeting end-to-end latency <2 milliseconds1

Industrial process automation Coexistence

Between LTE low latency nodes and nominal
LTE nodes
V2X communications
As part of 3GPPstudy item in Release 13
Industrial HMI (e.g., augmented reality)

UAS command & control

1 Round Trip Time (RTT) at edge of RAN with edge caching 42

In summarya rich roadmap of LTE Advanced Pro features
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020+
Rel-13 Rel-14 Rel-15 and beyond

LTE Advanced LTE Advanced Pro

Propel the LTE mobile Proliferate LTE to new use cases,

broadband experience even further devices and types of services

LTE Unlicensed Lower Latency Connect the Internet of Things Vehicle communications
LAA/eLAA, LWA, MulteFire e.g. shorter TTI & HARQ RTT LTE-M, NB-IOT LTE V2X

TDD / FDD Evolution Advanced antenna features New ways to connect/interact New real-time control apps
Faster, more flexible subframe Full-Dimension MIMO Evolve LTE Direct platform Leveraging <10ms e2e latencies

Carrier Aggregation evolution HetNet enhancements Converged Digital TV Public Safety

e.g. up to 32 carriers e.g. enhance dual connectivity Evolve LTE Broadcast e.g. Mission-Critical Push-to-Talk

Note: Estimated commercial dates. Not all features commercialized at the same time. 43
Qualcomm LTE Advanced / LTE Advanced Pro leadership

Industry-first Chipsets from

Standards Leadership Impactful Demos and Trials Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.1

Main contributor to LTE Advanced & FEB 14 (MWC): Enhanced HetNets JUN 13: 1st LTE Advanced solution
LTE Advanced Pro features with data- channel IC JAN 14: 1st modem to support
Pioneering work on LTE Direct/V2X, FEB 15 (MWC): First LTE LAA LTE Broadcast
LTE Broadcast and LTE Unlicensed demo, LTE Direct 1:M demo FEB 15: 1st modem to support
Harmonized Industry on narrowband NOV 15: First over-the-air LAA trial LTE Unlicensed
IoT (NB-IoT) specification in Nuremberg, Germany OCT 15: 1st modem to support
FEB 16 (MWC): LTE eLAA and LTE-M and NB-IOT
MulteFire demos
Qualcomm Snapdragon is a product of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
1 Qualcomm Technology, Inc. firsts with respect to public announcement of a commercial LTE modem chipset 44
Continuing our technical leadership role in 5G
Qualcomm Research working on 5G for many years; focus area of research for future

Designing 5G system Driving standardization of Participating in impactful

to meet new requirements 5G in 3GPP 5G demos, trials,

e.g. new OFDM-based PHY/MAC scalable e.g. mmWave and massive MIMO e.g. Qualcomm Research mmWave
to extreme variations in requirements simulations and measurements prototype system demo at MWC 2016

Learn more at:

Qualcomm Research is a division of Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. 45

Leading the path to 5G with LTE Advanced Pro
Propel the LTE mobile broadband Proliferate LTE to new use cases,
experience even further devices and types of services

Progress LTE towards 5Ga unified, more capable platform

for the next decade and beyond
Learn more at:
An essential innovator and accelerator of mobile and beyond
Small cells and self organizing technology
LTE in unlicensed spectrum, MuLTEfire
Delivering solutions for the LTE Advanced carrier aggregation, dual connectivity
Advanced receivers and interference management
1000x data challenge Spectrum innovations like LSA
Innovative small cells and Wi-Fi 11ac, 11ad, MU-MIMO, OCE, 11ax
spectrum solutions More capacity

Creating the connectivity fabric LTE-M (Machine-Type Communications), NB-IOT

LTE Direct device-to-device
for everything LTE Broadcast
LTE Wi-Fi Convergence
Connect new industries, Wi-Fi 11ah, 11ad, Wi-Fi Aware, Wi-Fi Direct, DSRC
Enable new services, Bluetooth Smart
Empower new user experiences OneWeb
A new connectivity paradigm

Bringing cognitive Machine learning

Computer vision
technologies to life Always-on sensing
Immersive multimedia
Devices and things that perceive, Cognitive connectivity
reason, and act intuitively Intuitive security
Next level of intelligence Heterogeneous computing
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Qualcomm and Snapdragon are trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated, registered in the United States and other countries.
MulteFire is a registered trademark of the MulteFire Alliance. All trademarks of Qualcomm Incorporated are used with
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References in this presentation to Qualcomm may mean Qualcomm Incorporated, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., and/or other
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Qualcomm Incorporated includes Qualcomms licensing business, QTL, and the vast majority of its patent portfolio. Qualcomm
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