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Sugar maple (Acer saccharum

The sugar maple yields the highest volume and concentration of sap, making it a superior candidate
for tapping. Its sugar content is approximately 2.0%.
Black maple (Acer nigrum)
Black maples produce as much sweet sap as sugar maples. The trees closely resemble sugar maples
and can be distinguished by their leaves. Black maples tend to have leaves with three major lobes,
while leaves from sugar maples have five lobes.
Red maple (Acer rubrum)
Sap yields from red maples are generally lower than those from sugar maples, although some
tapping operations utilize only red maples. The trees bud out earlier in the spring, which may
reduce syrup quality near the end of sugaring season.
Silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
Like red maples, silver maples bud out earlier in the spring and have a lower sugar content than
sugar maples (1.7% compared to 2.0%).
Norway maple (Acer platanoides)
Native to Europe, Norway maples are now considered invasive throughout much of the United
Sates. They are not as sweet as sugar maples, yet can be tapped regardless.
Boxelder (Acer negundo)
Also known as Manitoba maple, boxelders can be found growing in urban areas and along
roadsides. They’re not recommended as a first choice for sugar production, although maple
producers in the Canadian prairies rely almost exclusively on boxelders for their sap. Research
suggests that boxelders may yield only half the syrup of typical sugar maples.
Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum)
Bigleaf maple is the main species of maple growing between central California and British
Columbia. Native Americans have tapped these trees for centuries, and although the sugar content
and sap flow are less than those from sugar maples, these trees can still provide a commercially
viable source of syrup for the Pacific Coast.
Canyon maple, big tooth maple (Acer grandidentatum)
These trees are found primarily throughout the Rocky Mountain states. They also grow in Texas,
where they are referred to as Uvalde bigtooth maples. The sugar content is comparable to that of
sugar maples, but the volume produced is much less.
Rocky Mountain maple (Acer glabrum)
Rocky Mountain maples are native to western North America, and have been used traditionally by
various groups, including the Plateau Natives.
Gorosoe (Acer mono)
Gorosoe, which translates to “The tree that is good for the bones,” is the most commonly tapped
maple tree in Korea. The sap is usually consumed fresh as a beverage, and not boiled down to a
Butternut, white walnut (Juglans cinerea)
The butternut produces a sap that yields roughly 2% sugar – similar to sugar maples. The timing
and total volume of sap are also comparable to sugar maples.
Black walnut (Juglans nigra)
The black walnut tree is a valuable timber species, whose sap flows in autumn, winter, and spring.
It is more common in the Midwest than in the Northeastern United States.
Heartnut (Juglans ailantifolia)
A cultivar of Japanese walnuts, heartnuts have sugar contents comparable to sugar maples, but
produce much less sap.

Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) The yellow birch tree has been found to have a higher mineral composition. And.English walnut (Juglans regia) These are the walnuts commonly eaten and purchased from supermarkets. although the sugar content and volume are much less than those from birch trees. European white birch (Betula pendula) Native to Europe. the black birch can be tapped. as this list suggests. They are not typically found in the Eastern United States. black birch is most popular for its use in making birch beer. however. including those that have been used traditionally for centuries. but may be tapped if it grows large enough. yet is reported to produce a syrup that exudes a butterscotch flavor. Paper birch (Betula papyrifera) The paper birch has a lower sugar content than sugar maple (less than 1%). European white birch can be tapped. a good representation of the most commonly tapped trees. This is by no means an exhaustive list. It is. . as other trees surely produce a sap that can be extracted through tapping. the river birch can successfully be tapped. and a higher ORAC value (measure of antioxidant capacity) than sugar maple. and some that are just recently gaining in popularity. hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana) These trees produce a sap later in the spring. and planted as an ornamental in the Northeast. If you are fortunate to have access to any of the aforementioned trees – and the trees are healthy – explore the traditional art of sugar production by learning and participating in this beautiful craft. and grown as an ornamental in urban and suburban areas of the United States. lower sugar content. Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) Native to North America. the sycamore tree has a lower sugar content than sugar maple. River birch (Betula nigra) Found growing abundantly in the southeastern United States. but rather are grown most abundantly in California. but is the sweetest of the birch trees. Gray birch (Betula populifolia) Gray birch is more of a shrub than a tree. English walnut trees can be tapped successfully. Ironwood. And there you have it – a list of 22 trees that can be tapped. especially when subjected to a freezing winter and spring. Black birch (Betula lenta) Native to eastern North America.