You are on page 1of 20



BSB 602

Modular vs. Standard Construction (Conventional)
A modular building is a pre-engineered structure
that is flexible enough to satisfy virtually any
requirement... tougher than standard drywall
construction, expandable, can be relocated and
completely re-usable.

One obvious advantage that modular construction
has over conventional construction is cost. Not only
can one save up to 35% on the initial construction
costs like labor and materials, but there are other
benefits as well.
BSB 602


With increasing industrialization to the building
industry, steadily larger parts of buildings are made
up of prefabricated components, delivered to the
building site from the factories.

Evidently, some sort of dimensional coordination of
these component themselves and with the design
are of paramount importance.

The full benefit of the industrialization is impossible
without standardization. No effective standardization
is possible in the building industry, without
dimensional coordination.
BSB 602

What is Modular Coordination
Modular coordination is a concept of
coordination of dimension and space in which
buildings and components are dimensioned and
positioned in terms of basic unit or module.

The basic module is known as 1M which is
equivalent to 100mm.

It is internationally accepted by the International
Standard Organisation and many other
countries including Malaysia.
BSB 602


thus. • Large enough to promote simplification of the number of sizes for various components.e.e. BSB 602 3 . • Provide guide to building component sizing: this can reduce as much as possible the needs to further trim and shape the materials to fit together in construction.the position and dimension of elements. • Small enough in term of size in order to provide the necessary flexibility in design. transportation and assembly requirements. MC can facilitate the achievement of industrialization. able to cater for manufacturing. • Internationally accepted to ensure that it can be mass produced to cater for global market. able to improve people efficiency by providing adequate space for human livings and working conditions. The Module developed has the following characteristics • Industrialization friendly i. BSB 602 Why MC? • It provides a practical and coherent: method for coordinating. components and spaces in the planning and design of buildings. reducing wastage of labour and material. • Ergonomic i. • To improve productivity in the building industry through industrialization.

to simplify site operation by rationalizing setting out.why MC? • To ensure dimensional coordination between installation (equipment. storage units. which encourages the use of standardized building components for the construction of different types of building. ensuring good and consistent of workmanship and quality. BSB 602 …. • To encourage open systems: the interchangeability of components. BSB 602 4 . …. positioning and assembling of building components at the site. form or method of manufacture. whatever their material. • To permit standardization.why MC? • Mass production of building components factories: thus. other fitted furniture etc) as well as with the rest of the building.

BSB 602 5 . • It is also to promote and stimulate the development. BSB 602 STANDARDIZATION How can Modular Coordination improve productivity? Facilitates the attainment of three objectives of all industrial developments:- • mass production of selected components by specialist firms thus achieving economy of scale • the components can be sold on the open and possibly international market as they are of standard dimensions. and • other specialist firms can concentrate on the assembly of components into a final consumers products. MC in Malaysia • CIDB encourages the standardization and improvement of construction techniques and materials in line with its role in Malaysian construction. improvement and expansion of the construction industry.

BSB 602 6 . manufacture and assembly by means of a three dimensional spatial references system points. assembly of element may be related. lines and planes to which the position and size of a components.DIMENTIONAL CO-ORDINATION A convention for the co-ordination of the dimensions of building components and building incorporating them in their design. MC Concept Modular Coordination Improves Productivity Through Standardization Promote Industrialization (component manufactured in factory) Less wet work on site Non dependence on unskilled labour Less modification on site BSB 602 MC Concept 1 .

and • maximize the Interchangeability of components and assemblies BSB 602 MC Concept 2 . • standardize the profile and detail of joints between components. BSB 602 7 . MC Concept The dimensional coordination is essential in order to:- • simplify design and documentation procedures and allow the implementation of computer techniques. The basic module which is generally accepted at an international level is 100mm which may be represented by the letter M. • avoid cutting or modifying components and assemblies on site. • achieve optima efficiency in the manufacture and use of components and assemblies. • Reduce non-standard or dimensionally incompatible components and assemblies.MODULAR CO-ORDINATION Dimensional co-ordination employing the basic module or some whole multiple thereof as basic dimensional unit and increments of it.

600mm.the term modular reference systems is the three-dimensional system of orthogonal space co-ordinates within the positions and sizes of components.g : 3m. elements and installations can be related by references to points. BSB 602 8 . 25mm 300mm. 6m. 12m….g : 50mm e. lines.. or planes. 1200mm Basic Module M = 100mm BSB 602 Modular Reference System In Modular co-ordination: . Basic Module M=100mm Sub-modules Multi-modules e.

BSB 602 9 . Reference planes can be identified which locate the main vertical and horizontal elements of construction. and columns.g. Modular Coordination The Modular Reference System BSB 602 Modular Reference System Within this references system. floor. e. dimensional increments are in terms of the basic module (100mm) or some multiple thereof. walls.

Modular Reference System Location of the Main Elements by Means of a modular BSB 602 Reference System Modular Reference System Floor Zone – Vertical Section BSB 602 10 .

Modular Reference System BSB 602 Wall Zone – Horizontal Section Modular Reference System BSB 602 Use of Additional Grid Lines Modular Floor Height 11 .

such a clear-cut distinction may not exist. Modular Reference System BSB 602 Use of Additional Grid Lines Non-Modular Floor Height Horizontal Coordination Traditionally. In practice. however. Modular co-ordination – component location BSB 602 12 . modular theory has distinguished between boundary planning and axial planning.

Horizontal Coordination Modular co-ordination – Boundary Planning & Axial Planning BSB 602 Vertical Coordination In the vertical section that modular floor plane is the reference plane from which modular dimensions are taken. BSB 602 13 .

Vertical Coordination Location of Modular Floor Plan BSB 602 Vertical Coordination Ceiling Level Additional Grid Line BSB 602 14 .

Structural Components • Beams • Columns • Floor Slabs • Walls • Staircase & Lift Cores BSB 602 Main Components to Go Modular 2. Non-Structural Components • Cladding • Partition • Doors • Windows • Bricks & Blocks BSB 602 15 . Main Components to Go Modular 1.

Main Components to Go Modular 3. Finishes • Ceiling Finishes • Floor Finishes BSB 602 BSB 602 16 .

Concrete based construction Steel construction BSB 602 17 . ROOF Conventional .Concrete based construction Steel construction BSB 602 FLOOR Conventional .

Beam & Column Conventional .Concrete and brickwall Pre-fabricated wall panel BSB 602 18 .Concrete based construction Steel construction BSB 602 Wall Conventional .

31-1/2 years for conventional construction BSB 602 HOW MODERN METHODS MIGHT CONTRIBUTE TO POLICY OBJECTIVES? BSB 602 19 . No need for an engineer or architect No hidden design costs Engineered 2 Ease of Ability to supply single source Buying is simple with local support and Coordination installation through factory-trained assistance distributor network 3 Appearance Attractive integrated systems Consistent high quality in both appearance manufactured to your exact and design specifications 4 Speedy Fewer disruptions to plant operations Maintains plant productivity during building Installation installation 5 No Mess No need to seal off areas against dust Eliminates additional labor costs and minimizes plant disruption 6 Low Pre-finished walls require little Eliminates costly painting and other Maintenance maintenance beyond occasional surface maintenance and repairs cleaning 7 Durability Reinforced cavity and tough quality Long lasting product will perform for years facings decrease chances of damage without deterioration 8 Adaptability Quickly and easily relocatable. Provides maximum flexibility to meet your expandable. Reasons to Choose Modular Construction over Conventional Construction # Feature Advantages Benefits 1 Pre. and reusable company's needs 9 Sound Fire & Sound panels provide superior Substantial noise level reduction produces Resistance sound deadening a more productive work environment 10 Accelerated Depreciation is usually over seven years Quicker return on investment Depreciation vs.

If modern methods of construction are to play a role in addressing the drivers for change they must achieve some or all of the following at least as well as traditional construction: • Be affordable • Be of good quality • Be able to cope with a shortage of skilled labour • Be available in quantity • Be capable of responding to changing construction regulations • Have good environmental credentials BSB 602 20 .