PHYSICS

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PHYSICS

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You are on page 1of 6

12-LOCKE

TASK:

Your goal is to accelerate the cart through the use of stopwatch in a preset time.

1. Acceleration

First, this experiment would not be able to use a photogates because of the lack in materials. In

alternative, we used a cart on an incline with pulley that is connected with the circular weights tie on a

string hanged to the other side of the incline. For the computation of acceleration, the cart's distance

from the top if the incline is 0.50 m in 1 second. We can use the formula for uniform acceleration:

x=at + ut

Therefore, the acceleration of the cart covered from 0.5 meter must be 1 m/s

2. Theoretical solution

First, let us neglect friction as one of the factor that will affect the acceleration of the cart.

Fn T

n

m

mgcos

mgsin mg

The mass (m) of the cart is 0.507 kilograms, gravitational acceleration (g) at Manila is 9.78m/s,

acceleration (a) is 1m/s, and the angle of the incline () is 7.

Equation:

Solving for the mass (M) of the weights that will give the cart an acceleration of 1 m/s

F = m a = T mgsin... Eq. 1

F = M a = Mg T... Eq. 2

ma + Ma = Mg mgsin

ma + Ma = Mg mgsin

Ma Mg = mgsin ma

M(a g) = mgsin ma

ma

= , we can now find the value of M by substituting all the given values.

ag

(0.507kg)(9.78m/s)(sin7) (0.507kg)(1m/s)

=

1m/s 9.78m/s

Therefore, the mass (M) of the weights that will be used in the experiment without considering the

friction will be 127 grams.

1 1.09

2 1.09

3 1.17

4 1.11

5 1.12

Table 1. The time it takes for the cart to move to its final position in 127 grams

We can calculate for its average time to get its acceleration:

Thus, the frictional force really affects the expected value of the time and acceleration.

T

Fn

n T

mgcos

mgsin mg

Ff

The mass (m) of the cart is 0.507 kilograms, mass (M) of the weight is 0.127 kg, gravitational

acceleration(g) is 9.78m/s, computed acceleration (a) is 0.803m/s, and the angle of the incline() is 7.

M a = Mg T... Eq. 2

mgcos = Mg mgsin ma Ma

Mg mgsin ma Ma

=

mgcos

=

[(0.507kg)(9.78m/s)(cos 7)]

Now we include friction as a factor that affects the acceleration of the cart, then by substituting these

values to the new equation to get the closest acceleration to 1 m/s by getting the new mass (M) of the

circular blocks.

The mass (m) of the cart is 0.507 kilograms, gravitational acceleration (g) at Manila is 9.78m/s,

acceleration (a) is 1m/s, and the angle of the incline() is 7.

F = M a = Mg T ... Eq. 2

ma + Ma = Mg - mgcos - mgsin

=

(a g)

=

(1m/s 9.78m/s)

Testing:

1 1.04

2 1.04

3 1.02

4 0.99

5 1.02

Table 2. The time it takes for the cart to move to its final position in 141 grams

We can calculate for its average time to get its acceleration:

4. Conclusion

In the first testing, we neglect the frictional force as a factor in getting the time (t) as 1.00 s.

There is a difference of approximately 0.116 second, we resolved the equation and try to find the

nearest possible average time when we include the frictional force. In the second testing, we got an

average of 1.022 seconds with an approximately 0.022 second difference from the target time. The

second testing is more reliable because we got the nearest and possible difference we should get and

also we included friction as a factor. Thus, we can conclude that friction affects the acceleration of a

thing in motion.

The possible uncertainties are device errors, measurement errors and also the human errors.

We used a stopwatch in getting the time it takes for the cart to reach its final position. We can also say

that human errors, because we only hold the cart and release it by the stopwatch starts to run. Maybe

using a photogates can measure the time more accurate and closer to the time needed.

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