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Comportamiento de la Energia Especifica.

Energia Minima, Tirante Critico yc, Pendiente Critica Sc, Flu


Q 10 n 0.016 Para So
b 2 yn = 1.560 m = 50/
1000
m 1 yc = 1.124 m
So 0.001 Cm = 2.8284 yn = 0.533 m
Fr2 = P = b + R= S = (nV/
A = by V= E = y + T = b + Q2/gT/ Cmy A/P R2/3)2
y V /2g V2/2g 2my
2
A3
+ my 2 Q/A
1.56 5.55 1.80 0.17 1.73 5.12 0.30 6.41 0.87 0.0010
1.52 5.35 1.87 0.18 1.70 5.04 0.34 6.30 0.85 0.0011
1.48 5.15 1.94 0.19 1.67 4.96 0.37 6.19 0.83 0.0012
1.44 4.95 2.02 0.21 1.65 4.88 0.41 6.07 0.82 0.0014
1.40 4.76 2.10 0.22 1.62 4.80 0.45 5.96 0.80 0.0015
1.36 4.57 2.19 0.24 1.60 4.72 0.50 5.85 0.78 0.0017
1.32 4.38 2.28 0.27 1.59 4.64 0.56 5.73 0.76 0.0019
1.28 4.20 2.38 0.29 1.57 4.56 0.63 5.62 0.75 0.0021
1.24 4.02 2.49 0.32 1.56 4.48 0.70 5.51 0.73 0.0024
1.20 3.84 2.60 0.35 1.55 4.40 0.79 5.39 0.71 0.0027
1.16 3.67 2.73 0.38 1.539 4.32 0.89 5.28 0.69 0.0031
1.124 3.51 2.85 0.41 1.537 4.25 1.00 5.18 0.68 0.0035
1.08 3.34 2.99 0.46 1.540 4.17 1.14 5.07 0.66 0.0040
1.04 3.18 3.15 0.50 1.55 4.09 1.30 4.95 0.64 0.0046
1.00 3.02 3.32 0.56 1.56 4.01 1.49 4.84 0.62 0.0053
0.96 2.86 3.50 0.62 1.59 3.93 1.72 4.73 0.60 0.0061
0.92 2.70 3.70 0.70 1.62 3.85 1.99 4.61 0.59 0.0072
c, Pendiente Critica Sc, Flujo Sub y Super Critico
CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD NORMAL Y CRITICA TIPOS DE PERFILES DEL F
EN CANALES TRAPECIALES SIMETRICOS
Datos Calculo de y0 Caracteristicas Geometricas para
Q= 10 Para yn
n= 0.016 y' -1
= 0.50977239 Seccion con Seccion con pro-
So= 0.05 y-1 = 0.510 profundidad normal fundidad critica
b = 2 A0 = 1.38406403 yn = 0.533 yc = 1.124
m= 1 y0 = 0.544 A= 1.352 A= 3.51163457
Constantes Para yc P= 3.509 P= 5.17932425
Cm = 2.8284271247 A0 = 3.37544877 R= 0.385 R= 0.67801018
Fs3/5 = 0.8180521461 y0 = 1.092 T= 3.067 T= 4.24812173
k= 1.8284271247 V= 7.399 V= 2.84767672
Vmax 7.8160864263 Fr = 3.558 Fr = 1
Amin = 1.2794126695 Q= 10 Sc = 0.0034853
fv 0.9465824452 yn/b = 0.26675 0.56203043
CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD NORMAL yn por el mtodo de Newton

i yi F(yi) F'(yi)
Error%
0 0.544 0.027868 2.6545E+00 1.97651
1 0.534 0.000122 2.6313E+00 0.00867
2 0.533 2.37E-09 2.6312E+00 2E-07
3 0.533 0 2.6312E+00 0
4 0.533 0 2.6312E+00 0
5 0.533 0 2.6312E+00 0
6 0.533 0 2.6312E+00 0
7 0.533 0 2.6312E+00 0
8 0.533 0 2.6312E+00 0
CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD CRITICA yc por el mtodo de Newton
0 1.092 -0.11829 3.6268E+00 -2.8738
1 1.1243739043 0.001157 3.6977E+00 0.02785
2 1.1240608958 1.06E-07 3.6970E+00 3E-06 2.866
3 1.124060867 0 3.6970E+00 0
4 1.124060867 0 3.6970E+00 0

-2.874

Formulas para calcular el primer valor y 0 del tirante normal Formulas para calcular el tirante norma
Manning) y el tirante critico (No. De Fr
3/5
2 3/5 nQ
Cm 2 1 m , k Cm m, Fs 1/2 3/5
So nQ
2
F(yn) by n + my n 1/2 b + Cm y
So
QSo 1.5 0.25
Vmax 3
4n k 1/3
Q2
b + 2m yc
2 1
F(y c ) by c + myc
b Cm y 1
2/ 3
g
A 0 Amax Fs
Amin F(yi-1 )
yi yi-1 y , Metodo de N

y'1 si m 0,

Amin 1
,
b 2m

b b 2 4m Amin

F(yy)
i-1

Amin
y 1 si y'1 1012 , , y'1
b
Amin
y 1 si y'1 1012 , , y'1
b


y0 si m 0 o y'1 1012 ,

A0 1
,
b 2m

b b 2 4m A 0

CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD CRITICA yc por ajuste de curvas segn J.A Monroy


Yc si
i m modif. b modif K Yc si K2 yc
K<2 0.000000
0 1.000 2.000 6.83E-01 ### 0.00E+00 1.124 1.12411424
IPOS DE PERFILES DEL FLUJO GRADUALMENTE VARIADO

y-1 = 0.50977239
A-1 1.27941267
P-1 3.441854055
R-1 0.371721941
V-1 7.225099243
A-0 1.384064033

para calcular el tirante normal (Ec. de


g) y el tirante critico (No. De Froude)

3/5
nQ
b + Cm y n
2 2/5
+ my n 1/2 0
So

1/3
Q2
b + 2m yc
2 1/3
+ myc 0
g

F(yi-1 )
y , Metodo de Newton
(yy)
i-1

CALCULO DEL FLUJO VARIADO POR INTEGRACION DIRECTA
Nota : Los datos Q, b, n, So, m se deben de proporcionar en Calculo de tirantes
Datos en yellow
1.94E+01
Q= 10.0000
1.93E+01
n = 0.0160
1.92E+01
So= 0.0500 F(y) 1.91E+01
b = 2.0000 1.90E+01
m= 1.0000 1.89E+01
y ini 2.35
1.88E+01
1.87E+01
y fin 2.70 1.86E+01

L= 100.00 1.85E+01
2.30 2.35 2.40 2.45 2.50 2.55 2.60 2.65 2.70
yc 1.124
y
yn 0.533

Nota 1: Si el valor de L es conocido teclee la cantidad exacta, de lo contrario L = 10,000 m.


Nota 2: en la celda de yini asigne el limite conocido. Si yfin es desconocido asigne un valor razonable para calcular
Nota 3: Si la longitud sale negativa se debe a que los limites de integracion estan invertidos.
Resultado de yfin o L con 100 iteraciones en el siguiente rengln de color rojo (el detalle esta en re
100 1 2.698 12.677 9.632 7.396 0.037 1.10E-04 0.06756 6.68

Fact Fr2 = S = K2 P4/3 L=


or K1T/A3 A-10/3
i yi A(yi ) P(yi ) T(yi ) L L
0.00
1 1 2.3518 10.2342 8.6518 6.7035 0.0637 1.9537E-04 0.07 0.07
2 1 2.3553 10.2577 8.6617 6.7105 0.0634 1.9418E-04 0.07 0.13
3 1 2.3588 10.2812 8.6716 6.7175 0.0630 1.9300E-04 0.07 0.20
4 1 2.3623 10.3047 8.6815 6.7245 0.0626 1.9183E-04 0.07 0.26
5 1 2.3658 10.3283 8.6914 6.7315 0.0623 1.9066E-04 0.07 0.33
6 1 2.3693 10.3518 8.7013 6.7385 0.0619 1.8951E-04 0.07 0.40
7 1 2.3728 10.3754 8.7112 6.7455 0.0616 1.8836E-04 0.07 0.46
8 1 2.3763 10.3991 8.7210 6.7525 0.0612 1.8722E-04 0.07 0.53
9 1 2.3798 10.4227 8.7309 6.7595 0.0609 1.8609E-04 0.07 0.59
10 1 2.3833 10.4464 8.7408 6.7665 0.0605 1.8497E-04 0.07 0.66
11 1 2.3868 10.4701 8.7507 6.7735 0.0602 1.8385E-04 0.07 0.73
12 1 2.3903 10.4938 8.7606 6.7805 0.0598 1.8275E-04 0.07 0.79
13 1 2.3938 10.5175 8.7705 6.7875 0.0595 1.8165E-04 0.07 0.86
14 1 2.3973 10.5413 8.7804 6.7945 0.0591 1.8056E-04 0.07 0.92
15 1 2.4008 10.5651 8.7903 6.8015 0.0588 1.7947E-04 0.07 0.99
16 1 2.4043 10.5889 8.8002 6.8085 0.0585 1.7840E-04 0.07 1.06
17 1 2.4078 10.6128 8.8101 6.8155 0.0581 1.7733E-04 0.07 1.12
18 1 2.4113 10.6366 8.8200 6.8225 0.0578 1.7627E-04 0.07 1.19
19 1 2.4148 10.6605 8.8299 6.8295 0.0575 1.7522E-04 0.07 1.25
20 1 2.4183 10.6844 8.8398 6.8365 0.0571 1.7418E-04 0.07 1.32
21 1 2.4218 10.7084 8.8497 6.8435 0.0568 1.7314E-04 0.07 1.39
22 1 2.4253 10.7323 8.8596 6.8505 0.0565 1.7211E-04 0.07 1.45
23 1 2.4288 10.7563 8.8695 6.8575 0.0562 1.7109E-04 0.07 1.52
24 1 2.4323 10.7803 8.8794 6.8645 0.0559 1.7008E-04 0.07 1.59
25 1 2.4358 10.8044 8.8893 6.8715 0.0555 1.6907E-04 0.07 1.65
26 1 2.4393 10.8284 8.8992 6.8785 0.0552 1.6807E-04 0.07 1.72
27 1 2.4428 10.8525 8.9091 6.8855 0.0549 1.6708E-04 0.07 1.78
28 1 2.4463 10.8766 8.9190 6.8925 0.0546 1.6609E-04 0.07 1.85
29 1 2.4498 10.9008 8.9289 6.8995 0.0543 1.6511E-04 0.07 1.92
30 1 2.4533 10.9249 8.9388 6.9065 0.0540 1.6414E-04 0.07 1.98
31 1 2.4568 10.9491 8.9487 6.9135 0.0537 1.6318E-04 0.07 2.05
32 1 2.4603 10.9733 8.9586 6.9205 0.0534 1.6222E-04 0.07 2.12
33 1 2.4638 10.9976 8.9685 6.9275 0.0531 1.6127E-04 0.07 2.18
34 1 2.4673 11.0218 8.9784 6.9345 0.0528 1.6032E-04 0.07 2.25
35 1 2.4708 11.0461 8.9883 6.9415 0.0525 1.5939E-04 0.07 2.32
36 1 2.4743 11.0704 8.9982 6.9485 0.0522 1.5845E-04 0.07 2.38
37 1 2.4778 11.0947 9.0081 6.9555 0.0519 1.5753E-04 0.07 2.45
38 1 2.4813 11.1191 9.0180 6.9625 0.0516 1.5661E-04 0.07 2.52
39 1 2.4848 11.1435 9.0279 6.9695 0.0513 1.5570E-04 0.07 2.58
40 1 2.4883 11.1679 9.0378 6.9765 0.0511 1.5479E-04 0.07 2.65
41 1 2.4918 11.1923 9.0477 6.9835 0.0508 1.5390E-04 0.07 2.72
42 1 2.4953 11.2168 9.0576 6.9905 0.0505 1.5300E-04 0.07 2.78
43 1 2.4988 11.2413 9.0675 6.9975 0.0502 1.5212E-04 0.07 2.85
44 1 2.5023 11.2658 9.0774 7.0045 0.0499 1.5124E-04 0.07 2.92
45 1 2.5058 11.2903 9.0873 7.0115 0.0497 1.5036E-04 0.07 2.98
46 1 2.5093 11.3148 9.0972 7.0185 0.0494 1.4949E-04 0.07 3.05
47 1 2.5128 11.3394 9.1071 7.0255 0.0491 1.4863E-04 0.07 3.12
48 1 2.5163 11.3640 9.1170 7.0325 0.0488 1.4778E-04 0.07 3.18
49 1 2.5198 11.3886 9.1269 7.0395 0.0486 1.4693E-04 0.07 3.25
50 1 2.5233 11.4133 9.1368 7.0465 0.0483 1.4608E-04 0.07 3.32
51 1 2.5268 11.4380 9.1467 7.0535 0.0480 1.4524E-04 0.07 3.38
52 1 2.5303 11.4627 9.1566 7.0605 0.0478 1.4441E-04 0.07 3.45
53 1 2.5338 11.4874 9.1665 7.0675 0.0475 1.4358E-04 0.07 3.52
54 1 2.5373 11.5121 9.1764 7.0745 0.0473 1.4276E-04 0.07 3.58
55 1 2.5408 11.5369 9.1863 7.0815 0.0470 1.4195E-04 0.07 3.65
56 1 2.5442 11.5617 9.1962 7.0885 0.0468 1.4114E-04 0.07 3.72
57 1 2.5477 11.5865 9.2061 7.0955 0.0465 1.4033E-04 0.07 3.78
58 1 2.5512 11.6114 9.2160 7.1025 0.0462 1.3954E-04 0.07 3.85
59 1 2.5547 11.6362 9.2259 7.1095 0.0460 1.3874E-04 0.07 3.92
60 1 2.5582 11.6611 9.2358 7.1165 0.0457 1.3795E-04 0.07 3.99
61 1 2.5617 11.6861 9.2457 7.1235 0.0455 1.3717E-04 0.07 4.05
62 1 2.5652 11.7110 9.2556 7.1305 0.0453 1.3640E-04 0.07 4.12
63 1 2.5687 11.7360 9.2655 7.1375 0.0450 1.3562E-04 0.07 4.19
64 1 2.5722 11.7610 9.2754 7.1445 0.0448 1.3486E-04 0.07 4.25
65 1 2.5757 11.7860 9.2853 7.1515 0.0445 1.3410E-04 0.07 4.32
66 1 2.5792 11.8110 9.2952 7.1585 0.0443 1.3334E-04 0.07 4.39
67 1 2.5827 11.8361 9.3051 7.1655 0.0441 1.3259E-04 0.07 4.46
68 1 2.5862 11.8612 9.3150 7.1725 0.0438 1.3184E-04 0.07 4.52
69 1 2.5897 11.8863 9.3249 7.1795 0.0436 1.3110E-04 0.07 4.59
70 1 2.5932 11.9114 9.3348 7.1865 0.0433 1.3037E-04 0.07 4.66
71 1 2.5967 11.9366 9.3447 7.1935 0.0431 1.2964E-04 0.07 4.72
72 1 2.6002 11.9618 9.3546 7.2005 0.0429 1.2891E-04 0.07 4.79
73 1 2.6037 11.9870 9.3645 7.2075 0.0427 1.2819E-04 0.07 4.86
74 1 2.6072 12.0123 9.3744 7.2145 0.0424 1.2747E-04 0.07 4.93
75 1 2.6107 12.0375 9.3843 7.2215 0.0422 1.2676E-04 0.07 4.99
76 1 2.6142 12.0628 9.3942 7.2285 0.0420 1.2605E-04 0.07 5.06
77 1 2.6177 12.0881 9.4041 7.2355 0.0418 1.2535E-04 0.07 5.13
78 1 2.6212 12.1135 9.4140 7.2425 0.0415 1.2466E-04 0.07 5.19
79 1 2.6247 12.1388 9.4239 7.2495 0.0413 1.2396E-04 0.07 5.26
80 1 2.6282 12.1642 9.4338 7.2565 0.0411 1.2328E-04 0.07 5.33
81 1 2.6317 12.1896 9.4437 7.2635 0.0409 1.2259E-04 0.07 5.40
82 1 2.6352 12.2150 9.4536 7.2705 0.0407 1.2191E-04 0.07 5.46
83 1 2.6387 12.2405 9.4635 7.2775 0.0404 1.2124E-04 0.07 5.53
84 1 2.6422 12.2660 9.4734 7.2845 0.0402 1.2057E-04 0.07 5.60
85 1 2.6457 12.2915 9.4833 7.2915 0.0400 1.1991E-04 0.07 5.67
86 1 2.6492 12.3170 9.4932 7.2985 0.0398 1.1924E-04 0.07 5.73
87 1 2.6527 12.3426 9.5031 7.3055 0.0396 1.1859E-04 0.07 5.80
88 1 2.6562 12.3682 9.5130 7.3125 0.0394 1.1794E-04 0.07 5.87
89 1 2.6597 12.3938 9.5229 7.3195 0.0392 1.1729E-04 0.07 5.93
90 1 2.6632 12.4194 9.5328 7.3265 0.0390 1.1664E-04 0.07 6.00
91 1 2.6667 12.4451 9.5427 7.3335 0.0388 1.1601E-04 0.07 6.07
92 1 2.6702 12.4707 9.5526 7.3405 0.0386 1.1537E-04 0.07 6.14
93 1 2.6737 12.4964 9.5625 7.3475 0.0384 1.1474E-04 0.07 6.20
94 1 2.6772 12.5222 9.5724 7.3545 0.0382 1.1411E-04 0.07 6.27
95 1 2.6807 12.5479 9.5823 7.3615 0.0380 1.1349E-04 0.07 6.34
96 1 2.6842 12.5737 9.5922 7.3685 0.0378 1.1287E-04 0.07 6.41
97 1 2.6877 12.5995 9.6021 7.3755 0.0376 1.1226E-04 0.07 6.47
98 1 2.6912 12.6253 9.6120 7.3825 0.0374 1.1165E-04 0.07 6.54
99 1 2.6947 12.6512 9.6219 7.3895 0.0372 1.1104E-04 0.07 6.61
100 1 2.6982 12.6771 9.6318 7.3965 0.0370 1.1044E-04 0.07 6.68
# iteraciones
N DIRECTA 100
alculo de tirantes
Constantes
Cm =2(1+m2 )1/2 2.8284
K1 =Q2/9.81 10.1937
K2 =Q2*n2 0.0256
y = (y fin - y ini)/N 0.0035

del flujo gradualmente variado


Ecuacion

yfin Q2 T
1-


2.60 2.65 2.70 2.75 1- Fr 2 g A3
L= F(y)dy, donde, F(y)
So - S So - nQ 2 P 4/3A -
yini
y = yfin - yini /100
0 m.
alor razonable para calcular L. y1 = yini + y/2 , y2 = y1 + y , ..... , y100 = y99 +y
rtidos.
rojo (el detalle esta en rengln 123) 100

2.696 2.700 0.79


L= F(yi )y
i =1

F(y) yini yfin Vel

1.88E+01 2.350 2.354 0.977


1.88E+01 2.354 2.357 0.975
1.88E+01 2.357 2.361 0.973
1.88E+01 2.361 2.364 0.970
1.88E+01 2.364 2.368 0.968
1.88E+01 2.368 2.371 0.966
1.88E+01 2.371 2.375 0.964
1.88E+01 2.375 2.378 0.962
1.89E+01 2.378 2.382 0.959
1.89E+01 2.382 2.385 0.957
1.89E+01 2.385 2.389 0.955
1.89E+01 2.389 2.392 0.953
1.89E+01 2.392 2.396 0.951
1.89E+01 2.396 2.399 0.949
1.89E+01 2.399 2.403 0.947
1.89E+01 2.403 2.406 0.944
1.89E+01 2.406 2.410 0.942
1.89E+01 2.410 2.413 0.940
1.89E+01 2.413 2.417 0.938
1.89E+01 2.417 2.420 0.936
1.89E+01 2.420 2.424 0.934
1.89E+01 2.424 2.427 0.932
1.89E+01 2.427 2.431 0.930
1.89E+01 2.431 2.434 0.928
1.90E+01 2.434 2.438 0.926
1.90E+01 2.438 2.441 0.923
1.90E+01 2.441 2.445 0.921
1.90E+01 2.445 2.448 0.919
1.90E+01 2.448 2.452 0.917
1.90E+01 2.452 2.455 0.915
1.90E+01 2.455 2.459 0.913
1.90E+01 2.459 2.462 0.911
1.90E+01 2.462 2.466 0.909
1.90E+01 2.466 2.469 0.907
1.90E+01 2.469 2.473 0.905
1.90E+01 2.473 2.476 0.903
1.90E+01 2.476 2.480 0.901
1.90E+01 2.480 2.483 0.899
1.90E+01 2.483 2.487 0.897
1.90E+01 2.487 2.490 0.895
1.90E+01 2.490 2.494 0.893
1.90E+01 2.494 2.497 0.892
1.91E+01 2.497 2.501 0.890
1.91E+01 2.501 2.504 0.888
1.91E+01 2.504 2.508 0.886
1.91E+01 2.508 2.511 0.884
1.91E+01 2.511 2.515 0.882
1.91E+01 2.515 2.518 0.880
1.91E+01 2.518 2.522 0.878
1.91E+01 2.522 2.525 0.876
1.91E+01 2.525 2.529 0.874
1.91E+01 2.529 2.532 0.872
1.91E+01 2.532 2.536 0.871
1.91E+01 2.536 2.539 0.869
1.91E+01 2.539 2.543 0.867
1.91E+01 2.543 2.546 0.865
1.91E+01 2.546 2.549 0.863
1.91E+01 2.549 2.553 0.861
1.91E+01 2.553 2.556 0.859
1.91E+01 2.556 2.560 0.858
1.91E+01 2.560 2.563 0.856
1.91E+01 2.563 2.567 0.854
1.92E+01 2.567 2.570 0.852
1.92E+01 2.570 2.574 0.850
1.92E+01 2.574 2.577 0.848
1.92E+01 2.577 2.581 0.847
1.92E+01 2.581 2.584 0.845
1.92E+01 2.584 2.588 0.843
1.92E+01 2.588 2.591 0.841
1.92E+01 2.591 2.595 0.840
1.92E+01 2.595 2.598 0.838
1.92E+01 2.598 2.602 0.836
1.92E+01 2.602 2.605 0.834
1.92E+01 2.605 2.609 0.832
1.92E+01 2.609 2.612 0.831
1.92E+01 2.612 2.616 0.829
1.92E+01 2.616 2.619 0.827
1.92E+01 2.619 2.623 0.826
1.92E+01 2.623 2.626 0.824
1.92E+01 2.626 2.630 0.822
1.92E+01 2.630 2.633 0.820
1.92E+01 2.633 2.637 0.819
1.92E+01 2.637 2.640 0.817
1.92E+01 2.640 2.644 0.815
1.92E+01 2.644 2.647 0.814
1.92E+01 2.647 2.651 0.812
1.93E+01 2.651 2.654 0.810
1.93E+01 2.654 2.658 0.809
1.93E+01 2.658 2.661 0.807
1.93E+01 2.661 2.665 0.805
1.93E+01 2.665 2.668 0.804
1.93E+01 2.668 2.672 0.802
1.93E+01 2.672 2.675 0.800
1.93E+01 2.675 2.679 0.799
1.93E+01 2.679 2.682 0.797
1.93E+01 2.682 2.686 0.795
1.93E+01 2.686 2.689 0.794
1.93E+01 2.689 2.693 0.792
1.93E+01 2.693 2.696 0.790
1.93E+01 2.696 2.700 0.789
Q2 T
1-
g A3
2
So - nQ P 4/3A-10/3

.. , y100 = y99 +y = yfin


SALTO HIDRAULICO PARA CANALES TRAPECIALES CALCULADO CON EL METODO DE N

Nota : Los datos Q, b, n, So, m se deben de proporcionar en Calculo de tirantes. Poporcionar lo


Datos
Q= 10.00
b = 2.00
m= 1.00
yc = 1.12
y0 = 3.262 RECOMENDADA
yconocida = 0.258
y0 = 2.2
yconjugado = 2.9225 RESULTADO
y3 y4 yi
Calculos (yconocida) Calculos (yconjugada) 0
A= 0.5826 A= 14.3862 1
T= 2.5160 T= 7.8450 2
Fr = 11.3895 Fr = 0.1639
F+M (TON) = 17.5702 F+M = 17.5702 Los F+M antes y despues del salto deben ser iguales
V= 17.1655 F+M = 0.0000 LISTO
V= 0.6951
Lsalto = 15.99

Metodo de Newton Raphson FORMULAS


y = 0.000001
i yi+1 yi+y F(yi) F(yi+y) by 2 my3
Q2

F M
0 2.200 2.200 -8.078 -8.078 2 3 g by my 2


1 3.153 3.153 3.447 3.447
2 2.937 2.937 0.198 0.198 by 2 my3
Q2
3 2.923 2.923 0.001 0.001 F(y) F
4 2.923 2.923 0.000 0.000 2 3
g by my 2
5 2.923 2.923 0.000 0.000
6 2.923 2.923 0.000 0.000 yc2 yc2
y0 si yconocida yc , 1.5
, 0.7
y yconoc
conocida

yi yi-1

F yi-1 y, me

F yi-1 y F yi-1
O CON EL METODO DE NEWTON

tirantes. Poporcionar los datos en amarillo

FORMULAS

my3
Q2


3 g by my 2

y3 Q2
F M conocida 0
3
g by my 2

yc2 yc2
yc , , , recomendada
y1.5 y 0.7
conocida conocida


F yi-1
y, metodo de Newton

y F yi-1
SOLUCIN DE LAS ECUACIONES CBICAS EN EXCEL Calculo d

a x3 + b x 2 + c x + d = 0
Proporcione los datos de los coeficiente a, b, c y d
a b c d Datos de coef. a
3 -10 14 24
Calcul de parmetros
Solucin de las races
Reales Im CONTROL b
P
x1 = -0.92796586 0 -3.446132E-13 3a
x2 = 2.130649596 2.020232444 NO EXISTE c 2
f 3 P
x3 = 2.130649596 -2.02023244 NO EXISTE a

3 2 c
CONTROL: se verifica que las races obtenidas en los No. Reales al ser g 2 P 3 P
sustituidas en al ecuacin cbica el resultado sea cero, si un No. Im es parte b
de la solucin la respuesta es NO EXISTE
1 2 1 3
h g f
Calculo de parmetros comunes 4 27

P = -1.1111111111 si h < 0 las tre s


f = 0.962962963
g = 10.44170096 0.5
i g h
1 2
h = 27.29035208
4
1
i = #VALUE! 3
j i
j = #VALUE!
K = #VALUE!
K acos 1
g
M= #VALUE!
N = #VALUE!
2 i 3
h >0 solo una raiz es real
Reales Im M cos ( K)
x1 = #VALUE! 0
N 3 sin ( K)
x2 = #VALUE! 0
x3 = #VALUE! 0 x1 2 j M P

Calculo para h > 0, una raz es real las otras dos son Im x2 j ( M N) P

R = 0.003166373 x3 j ( M N) P
S = 0.146843261
T = -10.4448673
U = -2.18592023 si h > 0 solo un
calculo de la races
Reales Im Datos de coef. a
x1 = -0.92796586 0
x2 = 2.130649596 2.020232444 Calcul de parmetros

b
P
3a

c 2
f 3 P
si h > 0 solo un
Datos de coef. a

Calcul de parmetros

x3 = 2.130649596 -2.02023244
b
P
Calculo para h = 0, las tres races son Reales e iguales 3a

calculo de la races c 2
f 3 P
x1 = a
-2 0
x2 = -2 0 3 2 c
g 2 P 3 P
x3 = b
-2 0
1 2 1 3
h g f
4 27

si h > 0 solo un
1
g 2
R h
2
1
3
S R
g
T h
2

1
T
U T 3

T

x1 ( S U) P

1
x2 ( S U) P
2

3
x2 ( S U)
4

1
x3 ( S U) P
2

3
x3 ( S U) 1
4

si h = 0 las tres
Datos de coef. a

Calcul de parmetros

b
P
3a

c 2
f 3 P
a
si h = 0 las tres
Datos de coef. a

Calcul de parmetros

b
P
3a

c 2
f 3 P
a

3 2 c
g 2 P 3 P
b

1 2 1 3
h g f
4 27

1
3
x1 1
d
x2
a

x1 2 x2
Calculo de las Ecuaciones cbicas

Datos de coef. a 2 b 4 c 22 d 24

Calcul de parmetros comunes

b
P P 0.66667
3a

c 2
f 3 P f 12.33333
a

3 2 c d
g 2 P 3 P g 4.07407
b a

1 2 1 3
h g f h 65.33333
4 27

si h < 0 las tre s raize s son r eale s

0.5
i g h
1 2
i 8.33564
4
1
3
j i j 2.02759

K acos 1
g
K 0.60589
2 i 3

M cos ( K) M 0.82199

N 3 sin ( K) N 0.98639

x1 2 j M P x1 4

x2 j ( M N) P x2 3

x3 j ( M N) P x3 1

si h > 0 solo una raiz e s re al


Datos de coef. a 3 b 10 c 14 d 27

Calcul de parmetros comunes

b
P P 1.11111
3a

c 2
f 3 P f 0.96296
si h > 0 solo una raiz e s re al
Datos de coef. a 3 b 10 c 14 d 27

Calcul de parmetros comunes

b
P P 1.11111
3a

c 2
f 3 P f 0.96296
a

3 2 c d
g 2 P 3 P g 11.4417
b a

1 2 1 3
h g f h 32.7612
4 27

si h > 0 solo una raiz e s re al


1
g 2
R h R 0.00289
2
1
3
S R S 0.14244
g
T h T 11.44459
2

1
T
U T 3
U 2.25355
T

x1 ( S U) P reales x1 1

1
x2 ( S U) P reales x2 2.16667
2

3
x2 ( S U) imaginarios x2 2.07498
4

1
x3 ( S U) P reales x3 2.16667
2

3
x3 ( S U) 1 imaginarios x3 2.07498
4

si h = 0 las tres raizes son re ales e iguale s


Datos de coef. a 1 b 6 c 12 d 8

Calcul de parmetros comunes

b
P P2
3a

c 2
f 3 P f0
a
si h = 0 las tres raizes son re ales e iguale s
Datos de coef. a 1 b 6 c 12 d 8

Calcul de parmetros comunes

b
P P2
3a

c 2
f 3 P f0
a

3 2 c d
g 2 P 3 P g0
b a

1 2 1 3
h g f h0
4 27

1 1 1
3 3 3
x1 1 x2 1 x3 1
d d d
a a a

x1 2 x2 2 x3 2
Calculo de la abertura a de una compuerta vertical con descarga sumergida segn los MENSAJES DE ERR
datos de Cofre-Bucheister con errores < |4%|, con las siguientes limitaciones:
2.2 < y1 /a < 18, y3 /y1 < 0.91, y3 /ys > 1.04 , donde ys es la profundidad del salto hidraulico
en descarga libre segn Swamme
Ecu Ecu
Calculo de la descarga Calculo de la descarga
Datos de la compuerta aci aci
libre sumergida
n n

Q 1.5000 m3/s amin 0.443 m 2 constantes


b 0.900 m a 0.464 m 4 CvCc 0.6115 s/u
y1 2.00 m y1/a 4.309 s/u Fr32
0.12888 s/u 13
y3 1.30 ys 1.227 m 5
m resultados
acomer 0.610 y2 0.290 m 6 Cd
m 0.542 s/u 17
Constantes Ls 6.365 m 7 Cd 0.542 m 18
q=Q/b 1.67 m2/s y3/ys 1.060 s/u a 0.491 s/u 19
y3 /y1 0.650 s/u V2 = q/y2 5.75 m/s y1/a 4.072 s/u
Cc 0.624 s/u Fr22 11.65 s/u 9 y3/a 2.646
Cv 0.980 s/u ys 1.261 m 10 V3 = q/y3 1.28 m/s
ajuste 0.000 (18) Cd 0.573 s/u 1
1/ Es el coeficiente Cd ajustado para: y1/a > 4.2 y y3 /y1 > 0.865 y con este valor se calcula a

Calculo de la abertura a de la
compuerta por el mtodo numrico y1/a
de punto fijo; a0 = 1.3a (a = abertura CvCc
en descarga libre)
i ai (15) N (16) ya (12)
0 0.650 2.6155 0.854 0.624 3.08
1 0.552 2.6311 0.693 0.624 3.63
2 0.520 2.6356 0.616 0.624 3.85
3 0.506 2.6375 0.575 0.624 3.95
4 0.499 2.6936 0.553 0.612 4.01
5 0.506 2.6375 0.575 0.624 3.96
6 0.499 2.6384 0.553 0.624 4.01
7 0.495 2.6389 0.541 0.624 4.04
8 0.493 2.6391 0.535 0.624 4.05
9 0.492 2.6393 0.531 0.624 4.06
10 0.492 2.6393 0.529 0.624 4.07
11 0.491 2.6394 0.527 0.624 4.07
MENSAJES DE ERROR SOBRE LOS LIMITES

0.61152
DISEO DE UN VERTEDOR RECTANGULAR DE PARED DELGADA O GRUESA CON DESCARGA SUMERGIDA O N
CONTRACCIONES SEGN LA FORMULA DE HENDERSON F.M., LAS FORMULAS DE BAZIN Y GIBSON PARA PA
GRUESA Y EL COEFICIENTE DE DESCARGA SUMERGIDA SEGN DOMINGUEZ
Tipo de clculos: se conoce el valor de w (press 1), se conoce y (press 2)
Proporcione los datos en amarillo.
Nota: Si el vertedor es de pared delgada e = 0m. Si el vertedor descarga en forma libre h' = -y o h' = -w
Tabla 1.1 Datos Resultados Mensajes de error
Q (m /s) =
3
27.8600 h= 1.459
b (en m) = 10.000 w= 0.891
Clculo Tipo 1 o 2 2 y= 2.350
Press y (m) 2.350
e = espesor (m) 5.000 El vertedor es de pared gruesa
h' = sumersin (m) 0.500 si no esta sumergido h' = -10 m arbitario
C1 = (Q/2.952b)2/3 0.962
h0 = C1/0.692/3 1.232 Control
Q= 27.86 se checa Q

Calculo de hi por el metodo de punto fijo. La celda en rojo es la


altura inicial para comensar las iteraciones
iter Formulas para calcular un vertedor rectangular sin co
hi 1 x = ln(1 2
aci x = e/h 1-h'/h
-h'/h)
ni
0 1.232 0.699 4.058 0.768 0.5942 -0.52 0.93 2
1 1.533 0.761 3.261 0.772 0.6739 -0.39 0.94 Q 2g b 1 2 h 3/2
3
2 1.431 0.736 3.494 0.771 0.6506 -0.43 0.93
3 1.470 0.745 3.402 0.771 0.6598 -0.42 0.94 2/3
C1 Q
4 1.456 0.741 3.435 0.771 0.6565 -0.42 0.94 h , donde, C1 =
1 2
2/3
5 1.461 0.742 3.423 0.771 0.6577 -0.42 0.94 2.952b
6 1.459 0.742 3.427 0.771 0.6573 -0.42 0.94
7 1.460 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 h
8 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 Cd 0.611 0.08 , si el calculo
es de Tipo
9 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94

10 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 = w, de lo contrario, = y - h.
11 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94
12 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94
x = e/h , Ajuste de los datos de Bazin y Gibson a
13 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 1
14 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 1
0.765 0.042 / x 0.24 / x 0.08 / x , 0.67 <
2 3
15 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94
16 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 x ln 1 h'/h , Ajuste de los datos de Domningu
17 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94
18 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94
1
2
exp 0.0216 0.1138x 0.0197x 0.0125
19 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94 2
20 1.459 0.742 3.426 0.771 0.6574 -0.42 0.94
SCARGA SUMERGIDA O NO Y SIN
BAZIN Y GIBSON PARA PARED
DOMINGUEZ
y (press 2)

ma libre h' = -y o h' = -w

n vertedor rectangular sin contracciones

2/3
Q
nde, C1 =
2.952b


, si el calculo es de Tipo 1

= y - h.

atos de Bazin y Gibson a una sola ecuacion
e/h 0.67
.24 / x 2 0.08 / x 3 , 0.67 < e/h 10

de los datos de Domninguez


1 h'/h > 1.2
138x 0.0197x 2 0.0125 x 3 , 0.01 < 1 h'/h 1.2
DISEO DE UN VERTEDOR RECTANGULAR DE PARED DELGADA O GRUESA CON DESCARGA SUMERGIDA O
SIN CONTRACCIONES SEGN LA FORMULA DE HENDERSON F.M., LAS FORMULAS DE BAZIN Y GIBSON PAR
PARED GRUESA Y EL COEFICIENTE DE DESCARGA SUMERGIDA SEGN DOMINGUEZ
Tipo de clculos: se conoce el valor de w (press 1), se conoce y (press 2)
Nota: Si el vertedor es de pared delgada e = 0m. Si el vertedor descarga en forma libre h' = -y o h' = -w

Tabla 1.1 Datos Resultados Mensajes de error


Q (m3/s) = 0.6250 h= 0.295
b (en m) = 2.500 w= 0.305
e = espesor (en m) 0.450 y= 0.600
h' = 0.100 Control
Clculo Tipo 1 o 2 2 Q= 0.625
Press y 0.600
C1 = (Q/2.952b)2/3 0.193
h0 = C1/0.692/3 0.247

Calculo de hi por el metodo de punto fijo. Celdas en rojo (y 2


siguientes) contienen operadores logicos para ajustar el Q 2g b 1 2 h 3/2
algoritmo (ver formulas) 3
iter op
aci hi e/h ci 1 1-h'/h 2 C1 Q
ni n h , donde, C1 =
1 2
2/3
2.952b
0 0.247 0.667 1.822 2 0.802 0.595 0.92
1 0.309 0.696 1.458 2 0.827 0.676 0.94
2 0.291 0.686 1.546 2 0.820 0.656 0.93 h
Cd 0.611 0.08 , si el calculo
es de
3 0.296 0.689 1.520 2 0.822 0.662 0.94
4 0.295 0.688 1.527 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 = w, de lo contrario, = y - h.
5 0.295 0.688 1.525 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
6 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
7 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 1 e/h 0.67 opcio
8 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
0.185
9 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 1 0.70 0.67 < e/h 3 opcio
10 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 e/h
11 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 0.1
12 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 0.75 3 < e/h 10 opcio
e/h
13 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
14 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 Si e/h 3, es posible que la opcion cambi
15 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 9 se seleciona la que
partir de la iteracion
16 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
17 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 h
18 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
x 1-
h
19 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94
20 0.295 0.688 1.526 2 0.821 0.661 0.94 1 si 1.2 < x

2 0.98 0.108 ln(x) si 0.1011 x
15 1.20 0.204 ln(x) si 0.01 x <

Corte longitudinal de un vertedor de pared delgada


Tabla 1.3 el mtodo de Newton segn (4) Resultado en calculo del factor
y = la 6a it. gruesa por separad
Ec. (4) Ec. (2) Ec. (2)
1E-06 Se conoce y1
h/e
i hi hi+y F(hi) F(hi+y) Comprobacin
0 0.247 0.247 -0.0459 -0.0459 Clculo de 0.55
1 0.285 0.285 0.0005 0.0005 w 0.315 0.63
2 0.285 0.285 0.0000 0.0000 h 0.285 0.63
3 0.285 0.285 0.0000 0.0000 y1 0.600 0.63
4 0.285 0.285 0.0000 0.0000 Q 0.625 0.63
5 0.285 0.285 0.0000 0.0000Mensaje Ok 0.63
6 0.285 0.285 0.0000 0.0000 0.63
DESCARGA SUMERGIDA O NO Y
AS DE BAZIN Y GIBSON PARA
GN DOMINGUEZ
y (press 2)
ma libre h' = -y o h' = -w

1
1

1 2h 3/2
1.20
2/3
1.00
Q 0.90
2/3
, donde, C1 = 0.80
2.952b
0.70
0.60
h 0.50
0.08
, si el calculo es de Tipo 1
0.40
ntrario, = y - h. 0.30
0.25
0.20
e/h 0.67 opcion
1 0.15
0.10
85
0.67 < e/h 3 2
opcion 0.08
h 0.06
0.04
3 < e/h 10 3
opcion 0.02
0.01
cambie de 2 a 3, a
osible que la opcion
9 se seleciona la que aparece en 8.
acion

si 1.2 < x
108 ln(x) si 0.1011 x < 1.2
204 ln(x) si 0.01 x < 0.1011
calculo del factor 1 de pared
gruesa por separado
(h+y)/ (h/e) 1[(h+
e/h
e 1
y)/e]
0.55 0.80 0.802 1.82
0.63 0.82 0.816 1.58
0.63 0.82 0.816 1.58
0.63 0.82 0.816 1.58
0.63 0.82 0.816 1.58
0.63 0.82 0.816 1.58
0.63 0.82 0.816 1.58
0.52
8.9837
-20.851
25.404
-9.7419

Tabla 7.25 de Sotelo. ajuste a la forma 1


0.558
0.557636048 6

5
f(x) = - 9.7419004966x^4 + 25.4036854256x^3 - 20.8508325
0.993 0.698805788 4.96184513 0.993 0.01 R = 0.9981731785

ln(1 - e2)
0.987 0.632120559 4.342805922 0.99 -0.04 4
0.980 0.59343034 3.912023005 0.98 -0.14
0.960 0.550671036 3.218875825 0.97 0.62
0.950 0.503414696 2.995732274 0.95 -0.16 3
0.930 0.451188364 2.659260037 0.93 -0.23
0.910 0.39346934 2.407945609 0.91 -0.43
0.885 0.329679954 2.162823151 0.88 -0.12 2
0.855 0.259181779 1.931021537 0.86 0.24
0.833 0.221199217 1.789761467 0.84 0.63
0.807 0.181269247 1.64506509 0.81 0.60 1
0.770 0.139292024 1.46967597 0.77 0.28
0.720 0.095162582 1.272965676 0.71 -1.53
0.680 0.076883654 1.139434283 0.67 -1.03 0
0.640 0.058235466 1.021651248 0.63 -1.85 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.0
0.550 0.039210561 0.798507696 0.57 3.92
1 - h'/h > 0.04
0.400 0.019801327 0.510825624 0.50
0.260 0.009950166 0.301105093 0.46
0.448491295
a 7.25 de Sotelo. ajuste a la forma 1 - exp(-f(x))

004966x^4 + 25.4036854256x^3 - 20.8508325904x^2 + 8.9836911465x + 0.5200130243


785

0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40


1 - h'/h > 0.04
DISEO DE UN VERTEDOR RECTANGULAR DE PARED DELGADA O GRUESA SIN CONTRACCIONES SEGN L
HENDERSON F.M. Y LAS FORMULAS DE BAZIN Y GIBSON PARA PARED GRUESA
Nota: los datos Q, b, Calculo tipo, Press y1 o w, se deben proporcionar

Tipo de clculos: se conoce el valor de w (press 1), o conoces y 1 (press 2)

Tabla 1.1 Datos Tabla 1.3 el mtodo de Newton segn (4) Resultado en la
Q (m3/s) = 0.625 y = 6a it.
Ec. (4) Ec. (2) Ec. (2)
b (en m) = 2.500 0.000001 Se conoce w
e = espesor (en m) 0.45 i hi hi+y F(hi) F(hi+y) Comprobacin
Clculo Tipo 1 o 2 1 0 0.247 0.247 -0.0529 -0.0529 Clculo de
Press w 0.600 1 0.294 0.294 0.0002 0.0002 w 0.600
K = (Q/2.952b)2/3 0.1928 2 0.294 0.294 0.0000 0.0000 h 0.294
h0 (en m) = 0.2470 3 0.294 0.294 0.0000 0.0000 y1 0.894
4 0.294 0.294 0.0000 0.0000 Q 0.625
5 0.294 0.294 0.0000 0.0000 Mensaje Ok
6 0.294 0.294 0.0000 0.0000

Corte longitudinal de un vertedor de pared delgada


TRACCIONES SEGN LA FORMULA DE
PARED GRUESA

Tabla 7.25 de

calculo del factor 1 de pared 0.52 6


gruesa por separado 8.9837
(h+y) (h/e) 1[(h+ -20.851
h/e e/h 5
/e 1
y)/e] f(x) = - 9.7419004966x^4
25.404
R = 0.9981731785

ln(1 - e2)
0.55 0.55 0.80 0.80 1.82 -9.7419
0.65 0.65 0.82 0.82 1.53 4
0.65 0.65 0.82 0.82 1.53
0.65 0.65 0.82 0.82 1.53 1 0.559090345
0.65 0.65 0.82 0.82 1.53 1 0.559090345 3
0.65 0.65 0.82 0.82 1.53
0.65 0.65 0.82 0.82 1.53
2
1.2 0.99 0.698805788 4.96184513
1 0.99 0.632120559 4.342805922
0.9 0.98 0.59343034 3.912023005 1
0.8 0.96 0.550671036 3.218875825
0.7 0.95 0.503414696 2.995732274
0
0.6 0.93 0.451188364 2.659260037
0 0.2
0.5 0.91 0.39346934 2.407945609
0.4 0.89 0.329679954 2.162823151
0.3 0.86 0.259181779 1.931021537
0.25 0.83 0.221199217 1.789761467
0.2 0.81 0.181269247 1.64506509
0.15 0.77 0.139292024 1.46967597
0.1 0.72 0.095162582 1.272965676
0.08 0.68 0.076883654 1.139434283
0.06 0.64 0.058235466 1.021651248
0.04 0.55 0.039210561 0.798507696
0.02 0.40 0.019801327 0.510825624
0.01 0.26 0.009950166 0.301105093
Tabla 7.25 de Sotelo. ajuste a la forma 1 - exp(-f(x))

5
f(x) = - 9.7419004966x^4 + 25.4036854256x^3 - 20.8508325904x^2 + 8.9836911465x + 0.5200130243
R = 0.9981731785
ln(1 - e2)

2
0.99
0.99
1 0.98
0.97
0.95
0
0.93
0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4
0.91
0.88 1 - h'/h > 0.04
0.86
0.84
0.81
0.77
0.71
0.67
0.63
0.57
0.50
0.46
0.52
8.984
-20.85
25.4
-9.742

pun 2
1 - h'/h
1.200

to
ln(1-h'/h)
1 1.20 0.993 0.69881 4.962 0.993 0.182
1.000
2 1.00 0.987 0.63212 4.343 0.99 0.000
3 0.90 0.980 0.59343 3.912 0.98 -0.105
4 0.80 0.960 0.55067 3.219 0.97 -0.223
0.800
5 0.70 0.950 0.50341 2.996 0.95 -0.357
6 0.60 0.930 0.45119 2.659 0.93 -0.511
7 0.50 0.910 0.39347 2.408 0.91 -0.693
8 0.40 0.885
20.600
0.32968 2.163 0.88 -0.916
9 0.30 0.855 0.25918 1.931 0.86 -1.204
10 0.25 0.833 0.2212
0.400
1.79 0.84 -1.386
11 0.20 0.807 0.18127 1.645 0.81 -1.609
12 0.15 0.770 0.13929 1.47 0.77 -1.897
13 0.10 0.720 0.09516
0.200
1.273 0.71 -2.303
14 0.08 0.680 0.07688 1.139 0.67 -2.526
15 0.06 0.640 0.05824 1.022 0.63 -2.813
16 0.04 0.550 0.03921
0.000
0.799 0.57 -3.219
17 0.02 0.400 0.01980.000.5110.20 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.80 1.00 -3.912
1.20

18 0.01 0.260 0.00995 0.301 0.461 - h'/h -4.605


0 0.41

pun ln(1- ln(2 ) ln(1 - h'/h)


to h'/h)
-5.000 -4.000 -3.000 -2.000 -1.000 0.000 1.000
1 0.182 -0.007 0.000
2 0.000 -0.013 f(x) = 0.0134292852x^3 + 0.0266716128x^2 + 0.1273153813x - 0.0161071458
3 -0.105 -0.020 R = 0.9996016979 -0.200
4 -0.223 -0.041
5 -0.357 -0.051 -0.400
6 -0.511 -0.073
7 -0.693 -0.094 -0.600
8 -0.916 -0.122
9 -1.204 -0.157
-0.800 ln(2)
10 -1.386 -0.183
11 -1.609 -0.214
-1.000
12 -1.897 -0.261
13 -2.303 -0.329
-1.200
14 -2.526 -0.386
15 -2.813 -0.446
-1.400
16 -3.219 -0.598
17 -3.912 -0.916
18 -4.605 -1.347 -1.600
2
pun
1 - h'/h 2 (6.1) error
to (fig.3) %
1 1.20 0.993 1.000 0.7
2 1.00 0.987 0.979 -0.8
3 0.90 0.980 0.967 -1.3
4 0.80 0.960 0.955 -0.5
5 0.70 0.950 0.942 -0.9
6 0.60 0.930 0.927 -0.4
7 0.50 0.910 0.909 -0.1
8 0.40 0.885 0.888 0.3
9 0.30 0.855 0.859 0.5
10 0.25 0.833 0.840 0.8
11 0.20 0.807 0.814 0.9
12 0.15 0.770 0.777 0.9
13 0.10 0.720 0.718 -0.3
14 0.08 0.680 0.681 0.1
15 0.06 0.640 0.629 -1.8
16 0.04 0.550 0.548 -0.3
17 0.02 0.400 0.401 0.3
18 0.01 0.260 0.260 -0.2
-0.0216 -0.0233
0.1138 0.1095
0.0197 0.0175
0.0125 0.0122

1.200

ln(2) 1.000
f(x) = 0.1127019096 ln(x) +
-0.007 1.000 0.7
-0.013 0.979 -0.8
0.800
-0.020 0.967 -1.3
-0.041 0.955 -0.5
-0.051 0.942 -0.9
0.600
-0.073 0.927 -0.4
-0.094 0.909 -0.1
-0.122 0.888 0.3 2 0.400 6
-0.157 0.859 0.5
-0.183 0.840 0.8

ln(1 - e2)
0.200 5
-0.214 0.814 0.9 f(x) = - 9.7419004966x^4 +
-0.261 0.777 0.9 R = 0.9981731785
-0.329 0.718 -0.3 4
-0.386 0.681 0.1 0.000
-0.446 0.629 -1.8 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.6
-0.598 0.548 -0.3 3
1.00 1.20 -0.916 0.401 0.3
-1.347 0.260 -0.2
2

0 0
0.000 0.00 0.20 0.40
3153813x - 0.0161071458
-0.200

-0.400

-0.600

-0.800 ln(2)

-1.000

-1.200

-1.400

-1.600
f(x) =
R = 0 Tabla 7.25 de Sotelo. ajuste a la forma
0

12
0
f(x) = 0.1127019096 ln(x) + 0.986327716
10

ln(1 - e2)
0

8 Column D
0 Logarithmic
(Column D)
6
0 6 0.800
4
0.700 f(x) = 0.202734712 ln(x) + 1.1964252297
ln(1 - e2)

0 5
f(x) = - 9.7419004966x^4 + 25.4036854256x^3 - 20.8508325904x^2 + 8.9836911465x + 0.5200130243
R = 0.9981731785 2
0.600
4
0
0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80
0.500 1.00 1.20 1.40 0
Column F
3 0 2
Polynomial 4 6 8
0.400 (Column F)
1 - h'/h > 0.04
2
0.300

1 0.200

0 0.100
0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 1.40
0.000
1 - h'/h 0.00 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.12
25 de Sotelo. ajuste a la forma 1 - exp(-f(x))

297
5200130243

olumn F
2
olynomial 4 6 8 10 12
Column D
olumn F) Logarithmic
1 - h'/h > 0.04
(Column D)

0.08 0.10 0.12


DISEO DE UN VERTEDOR RECTANGULAR DE PARED DELGADA SIN
CONTRACCIONES SEGN LA FORMULA DE HENDERSON F.M.
Nota: los datos Q, b, Calculo tipo, Press y1 o w, se deben proporcionar Resultado en la
Tabla 1.1 Datos Tabla 1.3 el mtodo de Newton segn (4) 4a it.

Q (m3/s) = 1.000 y = h = h4 0.845


Ec. (4) Ec. (2) Ec. (2)
b (en m) = 0.610 0.000001 Se conoce y1
Clculo Tipo 1 o 2 2 i hi hi+y F(hi) F(hi+y) Comprobacin
Press y1 1.500 0 0.865 0.865 0.0242 0.0242 Clculo de
K = (Q/2.952b)2/3 0.6756 1 0.846 0.846 0.0001 0.0001 w 0.655
h0 (en m) = 0.8652 2 0.845 0.845 0.0000 0.0000 y1 1.500
3 0.845 0.845 0.0000 0.0000 Q 1.000
4 0.845 0.845 0.0000 0.0000 Mensaje Ok
Tipo de clculos: se conoce el valor de w (press 1), o conoces y 1 (press 2)

Corte longitudinal de un vertedor de pared delgada


Bazin 0.7662 0.765
0.7+0. h/e -0.0414 error -0.042 error
y
h/e 185*h/ especi e/h
Gibso 0.2386 % 0.24 %
e al
n -0.079 -0.08

1.49 0.98 1.49 0.976 0.97 -0.29 0.67 0.971 -0.53


1.44 0.97 1.44 0.967 0.97 -0.11 0.69 0.964 -0.33
1.39 0.96 1.39 0.958 0.96 0.03 0.72 0.956 -0.18
1.34 0.95 1.34 0.948 0.95 0.12 0.74 0.948 -0.08
1.29 0.94 1.29 0.939 0.94 0.17 0.77 0.939 -0.02 1.000
1.24 0.93 1.24 0.930 0.93 0.18 0.80 0.930 0.00
1.19 0.92 1.19 0.921 0.92 0.17 0.84 0.921 -0.01
f(x) = - 0.0789613126x^
1.14 0.91 1.14 0.911 0.91 0.13 0.88 0.911 -0.04 0.950
1.09 0.90 1.09 0.902 0.90 0.07 0.92 0.901 -0.10
1.04 0.89 1.04 0.893 0.89 0.00 0.96 0.891 -0.16
0.99 0.88 0.99 0.884 0.88 -0.08 1.01 0.882 -0.24 y = 1 0.900
0.94 0.87 0.94 0.874 0.87 -0.16 1.06 0.872 -0.31
0.89 0.87 0.89 0.865 0.86 -0.23 1.12 0.862 -0.38
0.84 0.86 0.84 0.856 0.85 -0.28 1.19 0.852 -0.44 0.850
0.79 0.85 0.79 0.847 0.84 -0.32 1.26 0.843 -0.47
0.74 0.84 0.74 0.837 0.83 -0.32 1.35 0.833 -0.48
0.800
0.69 0.83 0.69 0.828 0.83 -0.29 1.44 0.824 -0.44
0.64 0.82 0.64 0.819 0.82 -0.21 1.56 0.816 -0.37
0.59 0.81 0.59 0.810 0.81 -0.08 1.69 0.808 -0.23 0.750
0.54 0.80 0.54 0.800 0.80 0.12 1.84 0.800 -0.04 -0.10 0.10 0.30
0.49 0.79 0.49 0.791 0.79 0.40 2.03 0.793 0.23
0.44 0.78 0.44 0.782 0.79 0.75 2.26 0.786 0.59
0.39 0.77 0.39 0.773 0.78 1.21 2.55 0.781 1.04
0.34 0.76 0.34 0.763 0.78 1.76 2.92 0.776 1.60
0.33 0.76 0.33 0.762 0.78 1.88 3.00 0.775 1.71
0.31 0.76 0.33 0.783 0.78 -0.94 3.00 0.775 -1.10
0.29 0.75 0.31 0.781 0.77 -0.91 3.19 0.773 -1.07
0.27 0.75 0.29 0.779 0.77 -0.86 3.41 0.771 -1.03
0.25 0.75 0.27 0.777 0.77 -0.80 3.66 0.770 -0.97
0.23 0.74 0.25 0.775 0.77 -0.72 3.95 0.768 -0.89
0.21 0.74 0.23 0.773 0.77 -0.62 4.29 0.767 -0.79
0.19 0.74 0.21 0.771 0.77 -0.50 4.69 0.766 -0.67
0.17 0.73 0.19 0.769 0.77 -0.36 5.17 0.765 -0.53
0.15 0.73 0.17 0.767 0.77 -0.20 5.77 0.765 -0.37
0.13 0.72 0.15 0.765 0.77 -0.02 6.52 0.764 -0.19
0.11 0.72 0.13 0.763 0.76 0.18 7.50 0.763 0.02
0.10 0.72 0.11 0.761 0.76 0.41 8.83 0.763 0.25
0.70 0.10 0.760 0.76 0.57 10.00 0.763 0.41
0.09 0.759 0.76 0.70 11.11 0.763 0.54
0.08 0.758 0.76 0.84 12.50 0.763 0.68
1.000

f(x) = - 0.0789613126x^3 + 0.2386163958x^2 - 0.0413702692x + 0.766210616


0.950

y = 1 0.900

Bazin
0.850

0.800
Gibson

0.750
-0.10 0.10 0.30 0.50 0.70 0.90 1.10 1.30 1.50
0.48846699
x = h/e
0.489897949
0.430886938
CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD NORMAL Y CRITICA
EN CANALES TRAPECIALES SIMETRICOS
Datos Caracteristicas Geometricas para
Q= 20000 Seccion con profundidad Seccion con pro- fundidad critica
n= 0.025
So= 0.1 yn = 2509.183 yc = 344.185
b = 1 A= 2509.814 A = 344.197
m= 0 P= 5019.367 P = 689.370
Constantes R= 0.500 R = 0.499
k= 1.9999999 T= 1.001 T = 1.000
Vmax 47.427475 V= 7.969 V = 58.106
Cm = 2 Q' = 20000.003 Q' = 20000.000
b' = 1 Fr = 0.051 Fr = 1.000
u= 0.001 Sc = 5.3274574338
m' = 1.002E-07 %error 0.00001 0.00000

Cm = 2
m' = 1.002E-07
b' = 1
c= -0.4999999 0
= 0.0069246 3.4498244E-05
1 0.0005743 3.4499196E-05
2 0.0003499 0.000034499
3 0.000287 0.000034499
4 0.0002652 0.000034499
5 0.0002569 0.000034499
6 0.0002537 0.000034499
7 0.0002524 0.000034499
8 0.0002519 0.000034499
9 0.0002517 0.000034499
10 0.0002516 0.000034499
11 0.0002516 0.000034499
12 0.0002516 0.000034499
13 0.0002516 0.000034499
14 0.0002516 0.000034499
15 0.0002516 0.000034499
16 0.0002516 0.000034499
17 0.0002516 0.000034499
18 0.0002516 0.000034499
yn = 2509.1834 344.185048474
0.00025156 1
0.000034499 2

x = (raiz(1 - 4(x/ - 1)100

0.0000001 0.0000001 -1.0045E-05


0.00000001 0.00000001 -6.0775E-07
0.000000001 0.000000001 -2.8282E-06
1E-10 1E-10 0.000008274
1E-11 1E-11 0.000008274
1E-12 9.99978E-13 -0.00221217
1E-13 9.99201E-14 -0.07992778
CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD NORMAL Y CRITICA
EN CANALES TRAPECIALES SIMETRICOS
Datos Constantes Caracteristicas Geometricas para
Seccion con profundidad Seccion con pro- fundidad
normal critica
Q= 20.000 Cm = 4.4721 yn = 2.198 yc =
n= 0.025 C1 = 6.4520 A= 18.450 A=
So= 0.0005 k= 2.4721 P= 13.828 P=
b = 4 y = 0.000001 R= 1.334 R=
m= 2 T= 12.791 T=
Vmax 1.10 V= 1.084 V=
Amin = 18.23 Fr = 0.288 Fr =
y0 = 2.72 Q= 20.000 Sc =
CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD CRITICA yc por ajuste de curvas segn J.A Monroy
i m modif. b modif K Yc si K<2 Yc si K2 yc

0 2.000 4.000 6.83E-01 5.62E-01 0.00E+00 1.124

CALCULO DE LA PROFUNDIDAD NORMAL yn por el mtodo de Newton


i yi yi + y F(yi) F(yi + y)
0 2.192 2.192 -0.0564 -0.0564 Mensajes
1 2.198 2.198 0.0001 0.0001 Para pendiente de fondo So <= 0
2 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
3 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
4 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
5 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
6 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
7 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
8 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
9 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
10 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
11 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
12 2.198 2.198 0.0000 0.0000
Formulas
3/5
2 nQ
Cm 2 1 m , k Cm m, C1 1/2
So
0.25
QSo1.5
Vmax 3
4n k
3/5
nQ
b + Cm y n
2 2/5
F(y n ) by n + my n 1/2 0
So

1/3
Q2
b + 2m yc
2 1/3
F(y c ) byc + my c 0
g

F(yi-1 )
yi yi-1 y , Metodo de Newton
F(yy) i-1

Q 1
y0 si y c 1.0m, y c ,
Vmax/1.5 b myc

Cm = 4.4721
m' = 2.00E+00
b' = 4.00E+00
c= -0.0528 0.0000 yn m nQ
C
x= , = 1/2
= 1.94E+00 6.83E-01 b So
1 2.313711058 8.89E-01
2 2.3076462484 8.79E-01
3 2.3065161327 8.78E-01 1/2
4 2.3063053071 8.78E-01 1
5 2.3062659688 8.78E-01 4
1 = c

6

2.3062586283 8.78E-01
7 2.3062572586 8.78E-01
8 2.306257003 8.78E-01
9 2.3062569553 8.78E-01
10 2.3062569464 8.78E-01
11 2.3062569447 8.78E-01
12 2.3062569444 8.78E-01
13 2.3062569444 8.78E-01
14 2.3062569443 8.78E-01
15 2.3062569443 8.78E-01
16 2.3062569443 8.78E-01
17 2.3062569443 8.78E-01
18 2.3062569443 8.78E-01
yn = 2.1978 1.1241

2.1977 1.1241
TICA TIPOS DE PERFILES DEL FLUJO GRADUALMENTE VARIADO

s Geometricas para
Seccion con pro- fundidad
critica
1.124
7.024
9.027
0.778
8.496
2.847
0.999916 y-1/b 5.452E-01
0.007081 yn/b 5.494E-01

0.00000 y-1 = 2.181

de Newton

e de fondo So <= 0

P 13.753
R 1.326
V 1.079
A 18.527
y0 2.204

2.192
2.1899407917

3/5
y m Cm 2/3 m
nQ
x= n , = 1/2 8/3
b So b
1/2
1
1 4
= c

del flujo gradualmente variado


Ecuacion

yfin Q2 T
1-


1- Fr 2 g A3
L= F(y)dy, donde, F(y)
So - S So - nQ 2 P 4/3A -10/3
yini
y = yfin - yini /100
y1 = yini + y/2 , y2 = y1 + y , ..... , y100 = y99 +y = y
100
L= F(yi )y
i =1
A P T
i by+my2 b + Cmy b + 2my
0
1 39.763 19.964 18.278
2 #REF! #REF! #REF!
3 #REF! #REF! #REF!
4 #REF! #REF! #REF!
5 #REF! #REF! #REF!
Q2 T
1-
g A3
2
So - nQ P4/3A-10/3

, y100 = y99 +y = yfin


(N)ume. (D)eno. Newton
A - C1P 0.4
T - C2P -0.6
yi = yi-1 - N/D
semilla = y0 = 5.0 m 3.570
18.393 #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF!
#REF! #REF! #REF!