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# Instructional Planning

(With inclusion of the provisions of D.O. No. 8, s. 2015 and D.O. 42, s.2016)
Detailed Lesson Plan (DLP)
Learning Area: Practical Research 2 Grade Level: 12 Quarter: 1st Q. Duration: 1 hr.
Learning Differentiates kinds of variables and Code: CS_RS12-Ia-c-3
Competencies: their uses
Key Concepts/ A variable is a simplified portion or attributes related to persons, objects,
Understanding to phenomena or events and places that vary in amount, nature, number, form
be developed or type.
Variables should be measurable, meaning they can be counted on or
subjected to a scale.
The two basic types of variables are the independent and the dependent
variables. The dependent variable is the presumed effect while the
independent variable is the presumed cause.
1. Domain
Knowledge Discuss what is a variable and the two basic types of variables.
Distinguish the dependent and independent variables in a problem statement by
Skills
putting it in a chart.
Attitude Practice critical thinking during group activities.
Values Display harmony in group activities.
2. Content The Nature of Variables
3. Learning Meta cards for picture analysis Permanent Marker
Manila paper for posting the answers
Resources
Manila paper for the chart it on activity
Graphic organizer for the concept mapping
4. Procedures
The Three blind men and the elephant
The teacher will show the students the picture below. Then will ask the following
questions:
1. Are you familiar with the story of the three blind men and the elephant?
2. What did the three blind men want to find out?
3. What characteristic did the three blind men have that is similar to a
researcher?
4. How is research applicable to this situation?

Introductory
Activity
2 minutes

## Unjumble the letters to form a word.

Each group will write their answers on the meta-strips. The fastest group to
Activity ATTBURIETS - ATTRIBUTES
3 minutes IPDNENEDNET - INDEPENDENT
DNEPNDEET - DEPENDENT
EECFFT - EFFECT
CSUAE - CAUSE
VLBAAIRE - VARIABLE
Questions:
1. What do you think is our lesson for today?
Our objective this morning is to find out what a variable is and the two
basic types of variables and their uses.
To find out, let us proceed to our next activity.
Picture Analysis Part 1 Group Activity
Each group will be assigned to particular images then will post their answers in
the manila paper. A group representative will report their answers after.
Questions for Processing:
1. What similarities have you noticed? 2.What are the differences? Name as
many as you can. 3. Identify the image presented. Is it an object, a
person, a place, a phenomenon (event)?

Analysis
20 minutes
What one word can you describe with your answers in no. 1 and 2 in
What are attributes?
What one word can you describe with your answers in no. 2?

Picture Analysis Part 2. Each group will be assigned to one picture and answer
the following questions below.
Questions for Processing:
What differences have you noticed?
What other variables can influence those differences?
presumed effect.
Which do you think is the dependent variable?
Which is the independent variable?
Concept Mapping
With the aid of the graphic organizer the students will map out the concepts and
discuss the concept.

DESCRIPTION

## BASIC TYPES OF VARIABLES

DESCRIPTION DESCRIPTION

Abstraction
8 minutes
DEPENDENT INDEPENDENT VARIABLES
A variable is a construct, concept, or idea under study. It could be anything. A
person, a place, a thing, or a phenomenon. Variables are simplified portions or
attributes of the complex phenomena that you intend study. The word variable
comes from the root word vary, meaning, changing in amount, number, form,
nature, or type. Variables should be measurable, this means that they can be
counted or subjected to a scale.

## The two basic types of variables are:

1. Independent variable the presumed cause, the one that affects/
influences, meaning it can cause changes in the dependent variable.
2. Dependent variable presumed effect

## Regoniel, Patrick A. (October 22, 2012). What are Examples of Variables in

http://simplyeducate.me/2012/10/22/what-are-examples-of-variables-in-
research/
Chart it On! Group Activity
Directions: In each problem statement, identify the independent variable and the
Problem Statement Dependent Variable Independent Variable
1.How does logical thinking develop critical
thinking?
Application 2.What are the effects of Korea-novelas on
the Filipino value system?
5 minutes 3.In what way does collaborative learning
increase communicative competence?
4.To what extent does texting decrease
students grammatical competence?
5.What corrupt practices trigger off ones
resignation?

## Fill in the blanks using the words below.

Students are given 5 minutes to answer. Two minutes will be allotted for
checking.
DEPENDENT VARY PLACES EFFECT MEASURABLE

## Variables are simplified portions or ____________

1 related to persons, objects,
phenomena or __________
2 and __________
3 that _________
4 in terms of amount,
Assessment form, nature, number or _________.
5 Variables should be ____________,
6
meaning they can be counted or subjected to a scale.
12 minutes
7
The basic types of variables are ________________and 8
________________. The
dependent variable is the presumed ___________.
9 While the independent
variable is the presumed ___________.
10

1. Attributes 6. Measurable
2. Events 7-8. Dependent and Independent (or vice versa)
3. Places 9. Effect
4. Vary 10. Cause
5. Type
Assessment Tests Individual Paper Pencil Exam
Method
Give the definition of these other types of variables. Write your answers in your
assignment notebook.
Assignment 1. Extraneous
5 minutes 2. Confounding
3. Dichotomous
4. Continuous
Concluding Destiny is variable, not fixed; it is forever changing depending upon your freewill
Activity to make choices for what you want your life to be.