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Vocabulary

Parallel lines Skew lines

Example 1:

1. 2.

Fill in the blank with parallel, perpendicular, or skew Fill in the blank with parallel, perpendicular, or skew.

(b) is ________ to . (c) is __________to . (b) is _________ to . (c) is __________to .

Corresponding angles Consecutive (same side) interior angles

corresponding same side

positions. between the two lines

between the two lines outside the two lines

Vertical angles Linear Pair

same vertex a straight line

1

Example 2: Classify the pair of numbered angles.

1. 2. 3. 4.

5 7

6

8

5. Identify the relationship between each pair of angles, if 6. Identify all pairs of the following angles.

any. b. Alternate interior angles

3 4

2 6 5 c. Consecutive interior angles

1

7

8

d. Alternate exterior angles

1) 1 and 7 4) 3 and 8

e. Vertical Angles

a. Corresponding angles

2) 4 and 6 5) 3 and 5

f. Linear Pairs

3) 8 and 7 6) 2 and 4

Corresponding Angles Postulate

If two parallel lines are cut by a 1 a Statements Reasons

transversal, then pairs of

b 1. 1.

2

corresponding angles

a____________. 2. ____ ____ 2.

If two parallel lines are cut by a a

Statements Reasons

transversal, then pairs of 3

4 b 1. 1.

alternate interior angles are

2. ____ ____ 2.

_______________.

If two parallel lines are cut by a 5 a Statements Reasons

transversal, then pairs of alternate b 1. 1.

exterior angles are __________. 6 2. ____ ____ 2.

If two parallel lines are cut by a a Statements Reasons

transversal, then pairs of consecutive 7 1. 1.

8 b

interior angles are 2. ___ & ___ are supp. 2.

____________________. 3. 3.

2

Example 3: Use the diagram below to find the angle measures. Explain your reasoning.

1. If the what is 2. If the what is 3. If the what is the

the the

the

If and , find the measures of all the angles formed by DO YOU NOTICE A

the parallel lines cut by the transversal.

PATTERN???? Describe it!

p

2. Find its vertical and mark it with a dot A

3. Copy the same dot pattern on the other parallel

4. Connect the dots

F

If one has a dot and the other it blank (DIFFERENT) _____________

D B 1. and 2. and 2. and

E

C A

1. 2.

3

2.2 Converses

Vocabulary

Conditional Statement

Ex: If you have visited the statue of Liberty, then you have been to New York.

Converse

Ex:

1. If an animal has wings, then it can fly.

Example 2: (a) Write the converse of the true statement. (b)Then decide whether the converse is true

or false. If false, provide a counterexample.

1. If an animal is an owl, then it is also a bird. 2. If two lines form right angles, then they are

perpendicular.

3. If an angle measures 130, then it is obtuse. 4. If two angles are adjacent, then they are congruent.

Checkpoint

1. Find

E a counterexample to the statement

E

below. E

If two angles are supplementary, then they are formed by two parallel lines cut by a transversal.

E

a. b. B c. B d. B

1 B

A A A

1 1 2 1 A

D D D

2 2 2

F F

F F

2. Write the converse of the statement below. Then determine whether each statement is true or false. If false, give a

counterexample.

Conditional Statement: If two angles are right angles, then they are congruent. T or F

Converse:____________________________________________________ T or F

4

2.3 Parallel & Perpendicular Lines

Example 1: Solve for x and explain your reasoning.

1. 2. 3.

4.

(4x 8)

Baby Proofs M

M

1. Given: ; 2. Given: ;

a

Prove: 1 J Prove:

a

I b 3

L K J

2

K b

4

L

N N

3. Given: ; 4. Given: ;

Prove: Prove:

5

MORE PROOFS

1. Given: ; Statements Reasons

1. ; 1.

Prove:

1 m

2 n

1. ; 1.

Prove:

3 4

m n

1. 1.

Prove:

1. , 1.

Prove:

1

3 2 m

n

r s

6

PERPENDICULAR LINES So if two adjacent angles are

Two lines that form four formed by lines, then they

m

________ ________. are_______________.

n

1. a. Given , complete the sentence using your new vocabulary.

R

S

P

F 4x-2

5x+11 E

N y O

Q G

Name the angle pair. Then state if they are congruent or supplementary.

a. e.

b. f.

c. g.

d. h.

7

2.4 Perpendicular lines + Proofs

PERPENDICULAR LINES in proof Statements Reasons

Given: 1. 1.

1

m 2. 2.

_________ _________ _________ n 3. 3.

a

Statements Reasons

All right angles are ___________.

4x-2 1. 1.

5x+11 1 2 b 2. 2.

y

1. Given: , Statements Reasons

Prove: 1. , 1.

2. is a right angle 2.

K

3. 3.

P

4. 4. Angle Addition Postulate

A T 5. 5.

6. 6.

1. ; 1.

Prove:

A D

B C

**REMEMBER: Magic happens only if the lines are parallel, so

You can use angle measures to PROVE lines are parallel!

When to use the CONVERSE!!!

a ||b ______________________________

a ||b ______________________________

8

Example#1: Determine whether each set of lines are parallel or not. Explain!

a) b) c) d)

111

O a AI

PROOFS

M

R

1. Given: 2. Given: ; m

Prove: 1 Prove: 12 1 b 3

2 P

4 n

a b

Q 2 N

P

N

AJ

R AI 1. ; 1.

Prove:

c

1 3

P

d 4

2 N

Q

3. Given : 10 9 ; Statements Reasons

AJ , 1. 10 9 ; , 1.

Prove:

9 1 2 a

4 3

5 6 b

10 8 7

supplementary, 1. and are supplementary, m 1.

m

Prove: m

1 9

a 10 3 2

b 5 6 4

8 7

9

Remember

Transitive Property If a = b and b =c, then _______________

this???

1. , , 1.

Prove:

5 3

6

2

Statements Reasons t

If and ,

1. ; 1. given

then __________

2. 2.

Proofs

4. Given: , , Statement Reason

1. , , 1. Given

Prove:

2 1

2. 2.

s

3 4 3. 3.

6 5

h 4. 4.

7 8

k g

1. , , 1.

Prove:

f g

3 1

2 4 m

7 5

6 8

n

Prove: 1. 1.

3

4 m

5

n

10

2.5 Review + Multiple Choice

1. In the diagram line r is parallel to line s. Which of the 2. Given: line t || line s and neither is perpendicular to line

following statements must be true? g. Which of the following statements is false?

t s

A. m3 m5 2 1 A. m2 m5 180

5 6 g

3 r

3

B. m5 m4 B. m1 m7 1 7 8

5 2 4

4

C. m2 m3 180 s C. m3 m5 180

6

D. m2 m4 D. m2 m3

3. In the diagram and mYRH 100 . Which of 4. Based on the diagram, which theorem or postulate would

the following conclusions does not have to be true? support the statement mRIP mSMY ?

A. Alternate Exterior

Angles Theorem

A. mMHF 100 B. Alternate Interior

B. mRHM 80 Angles Theorem

C. SRT and MHF are alternate exterior angles C. Consecutive Interior

D. SRY and RHV are alternate interior angles Angles Theorem

D. Corresponding Postulate

5. In the diagram below, . Which of the following 6. Which type of angles are a counterexample to the

must be true? conjecture below?

r

A. 1 s If two lines are parallel, then each pair of angles are

A A

2 5 6 7 supplementary.

B. 4 3

8 1 2

t A. C 3 D

C.

B. 4

D. C.

D.

B . Which of

which angles are congruent? B

the following does not have to be true?

r

A. , A. s

1

B. , B. 2 5 6 7

4 3

8

C. C. t

D. , D.

9. Allison wanted to solve for , so she set up the equation 10. In the diagram below, which pair of angles are alternate

. What would her interior angles? H

J S

reasoning be?

A. and V R

If two parallel lines are intersected by

a transversal, then B. and M

T K

A. linear pairs are supplementary. C. and

B. corresponding angles are supplementary. G

X L

C. alternate interior angles are congruent. D. and Y

D. consecutive (same-side) interior angles are supplementary.

11

11. Use the diagram to determine which of the pair of 12. To solve for x in the diagram below, Betty used the

angles is alternate exterior angles. equation .

A. 1 and 15

equation by the

B. 9 and 15 1 2 m following statement:

3 4

6 5 8 7

C. 4 and 11

9 10 11 12 n If two parallel lines are intersected by a transversal, then ...

D. 2 and 8 14 13 16 15

A. alternate interior angles are congruent.

B. alternate exterior angles are congruent.

C. corresponding angles are congruent.

D. consecutive interior angles are supplementary.

13. Use the diagram to determine which of the pair of 14. Use the diagram to determine which of the pair of

angles is corresponding angles. a b

angles is consecutive interior angles.

a b

A. 2 and 10 A. 3 and 11

1 2 m

B. 8 and 11 6 5

3 4

8 7 B. 13 and 16 1 2 3 4 m

6 5 8 7

C. 4 and 10 C. 9 and 13

D. 10 and 12 9 10 11 12 n D. 10 and 13 9 10 11 12 n

14 13 16 15 14 13 16 15

EXTRA PRACTICE

1. Given: , Statements Reasons

1. , , 1.

,

Prove:

m

1

l 4 3

1 2 6 7

1 5 8

n p

1 1

2. Solve for x and y. Explain your reasoning for each equation you set up!

(14x 22)

(2x + 5y)

(11x + 14)

12

2.5 Perimeter & Area

Formulas for Perimeter (P), Area (A), and Circumference (C)

Rectangle or Square Triangle

P = _________ P = ______________

A = _____ A = _______

Circle

**NOTE**

Height is always _______________ to the base

C = _______

Perimeter, Circumference:

A = _______

_______ units (Ex: )

r = __________ = __________

Area:

1. Find the perimeter and area of the rectangle. 2. Find the circumference and area of the circle. Leave

your answers in terms of .

3. Find the perimeter and area of the figure. 4. Find the perimeter and area of the figure.

10 yd

5. Find the area and circumference of the circle inscribed in 6. Find the perimeter and area of the figure.

the square.

15 yd

12 yd

13

AREA ON A COORDINATE PLANE (2 methods)

Count the units Subtract values

(4, 10)

(4, 2) (13, 2)

1. 2.

(2, 10) (10, 10)

(13, 12)

(2, 4) (13, 4)

(2, 3) (10, 3)

3. 4.

(4, 7) (9, 7)

(7,7)

1. The base of a triangle is 12 feet. Its area is 36 2. The area of a rectangle is 243 square meters. The rectangle is three

square feet. Find the height of the triangle. times its width. Find the length and width of the rectangle.

3. The perimeter of a square is 128 inches. 4. The circumference of a circle is 14 centimeters. Find

a. Find the length of one side of the square. the area of the circle.

14

SPIRAL REVIEW

I. Points, Lines, Planes

Collinear: Use the diagram below. a. Name a point that is collinear with C, S, and P.

D.

Coplanar: B, K, L K, M, L

P, I, L G, S, C

G, O, J, P K, I, J, F

L, C, I, O A, C, S, C

II. Addition Postulates

1. A is between H and T. If HA = , 2. If , and

AT = , and HT=35, solve for x and explain. find and explain.

1. Given: ; 2. Given:

and

are complementary

Prove: Prove:

15

2.7 Composite Area

PARTIALLY SHADED FULLY SHADED

= = +

1. Find the area of the shaded region. 2. Find the area of the shaded region. (Round to the tenths)

18 in

8m

6 in

4 in 8m

3. Find the area of the shaded region 4. Find the area of the shaded region

6 yd 2 cm

11 cm

6 yd

5. Find the area of the figure below comprised of a 6. Find the area of the figure below comprised of a square

rectangle and a semicircle. and a right triangle.

16

Example 2: Composite figures

1. Find the area and perimeter of the figure below if all line 2. Find the area and perimeter of the figure below if all line

segments meet at right angles. (Figure not drawn to scale) segments meet at right angles. (Figure not drawn to scale)

SPIRAL REVIEW

For every 90 1 quadrant over

Rotations Switch #s

1. If is rotated 90 2. If is rotated 180 3. If then what are the

counterclockwise about the origin, clockwise about the origin, then coordinates of its image after a

then what would be the coordinates what are the coordinates of its rotation 90 clockwise about the

of the new point? image? origin?

Translations

1. If translates to then is 2. If translates to then is

translated to what point? translated to what point?

1. In the figure, and are intersected by . 2. You are planting grass on a rectangular plot of land. You are also

and which of the following angles are building a fence around the edge of the plot. The plot is 45 yards

known as corresponding angles? long and 30 yards wide. How much area do you need to cover

K with grass s eed? How many yards of fencing do you need?

A.

H

1 2 B.

3

N

G

4

C. J

M

D. I

L

3. Solve for x and explain your reasoning.

17

4. K a. Write an equation that can be used to find the value of x and justify your

equation.

H

6x+8 b. Find the value of x.

7x-12 3x-8 H

L

5. Find the area of the triangle formed by the 6. a) Write the converse of the statement.

coordinates and .

If two angles formed by parallel line cut by a

transversal are corresponding angles, then they are

congruent.

counterexample.

2. Given:

and

are complementary

Prove:

3. Given: ,

Prove:

a

2

b

3 6

4 5 7 10

8 9

r

s

18

19

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