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B31 CASE 183 -2

Use of 9Cr2W, UNS No. K92460, in ASME B31.1 Construction
Approval Date: September 19, 2016

Inquiry: May 9Cr2W, UNS No. K92460, material the local heating, must be replaced, or must be
conforming to one of the specifications listed in removed, reaustenitized, and retempered, and then
Table 1, be used for ASME B31.1 construction? replaced in the component.
(f) 9Cr 2W materials subject to forming or bending
Reply: It is the opinion of the Committee that 9Cr
shall be heat treated in accordance with the following
2W, UNS No. K92460, material conforming to one
of the specifications listed in Table 1, may be used
(A) When the material is cold formed or cold bent,
for ASME B31.1 construction provided the cold forming strains shall be calculated in
following additional requirements are met: accordance with para. or
(a) ASTM A369 Grade FP92 material shall not (B)If normalizing and tempering is performed, it
exceed a hardness of 250 HBW/265 HV (25 HRC). shall not be performed locally. The pipe, tube, or
(b) The maximum allowable stress values for the component to be normalized and tempered shall
material shall be those given in Table 2. The either be heat treated in its entirety, or the area
maximum use temperature for the material shall be (including the transition to the unstrained portion)
1,200F (649C). shall be cut away from the balance of the pipe, tube
(c) For the purpose of procedure and performance or component and heat treated separately or
qualifications, the material shall be considered P-No. replaced.
15E, Group 1. The procedure and performance (C) If hot bending or hot forming is performed, and
qualifications shall be conducted in accordance with for all cold swages, flares or upsets, normalizing and
Section IX. Post-weld heat treatment for this material tempering of the material is required in accordance
is mandatory, and the following rule shall apply: The with the requirements in the base material
PWHT Holding Temperature Range shall be 1350 to specification.
1425 F (730 to 775 C) and all other requirements shall (D) If cold bending or cold forming is performed,
be those given for P-No. 15E, Group 1 materials in the material shall be heat treated as follows:
Table 132. (1) For materials with greater than 20% strain
(d) Repair welding of base material shall be with design temperatures exceeding 1115F
permitted as prescribed by the applicable material (600C) or for materials with greater than 25%
product specification or its general requirements strain with design temperatures between 1000F
specification. All repair welds shall be in accordance (540C) and 1115F (600C) inclusive, the cold
with Section IX using one of the following processes: strained area of the component shall be
SMAW, SAW, GTAW, or FCAW. The composition of normalized and tempered in accordance with the
the welding consumables shall be such that the lower requirements of the base material specification.
critical transformation temperature of the (2) For materials with greater than 5% strain but
consumables shall exceed the maximum post weld less than or equal to 20% strain with design
heat treatment temperature in (c) above. If the lower temperatures exceeding 1115F (600C) or with
critical transformation temperature is calculated greater than 5% strain but less than or equal to
rather than measured, the formula used shall be 25% strain with design temperatures between
reported. If requested, data supporting the validity of 1000F (540C) and 1115F (600C) inclusive ,
the formula shall be provided by the material
the cold strained areas shall be heat treated at
1350-1425F (730-775C) for 1 hr./in. (1 hr./
manufacturer. All repair welds to base material shall
25mm.) or 30 minutes minimum. As an
be normalized and tempered according to the
alternative, normalization and temper in
requirements of the applicable material specification.
accordance with the requirements of the base
The material manufacturer shall provide a complete
material specification may be substituted for the
report of all repair welds.
heat treatment required in this paragraph.
(e) If during the manufacturing any portion of the (3) If only a portion of a cold bent or cold
component is heated to a temperature greater than formed piping component is heated above the
1,470F (800C), then the component must be heat treatment temperature allowed above and
reaustenitized and retempered in its entirety in the material was subjected to strains greater than
accordance with the applicable material specification, 5% but less than or equal to 25% for design
or that portion of the component heated above 1,470F temperatures less than or equal to 1115F
(800C), including the heat-affected zone created by
(600C), one of the following actions shall be above. For Boiler External Piping, the use of
performed: this provision shall be noted on the
(a) The component in its entirety shall be Manufacturers Data Report.
renormalized and tempered in accordance (4) For materials with less than or equal to 5%
with the requirements of the base metal strain or design temperatures less than 1000F
specification. (540C), heat treatment is neither required nor
(b) The allowable stress shall be that for prohibited.
Gr. 9 material (i.e., A335 P9 or equivalent (g) When utilized for Boiler External Piping, this
product specification) at the design Case number shall be shown on the Manufacturers
temperature provided that the portion of the Data Report.
component that was heat treated to a (h) This Case number shall be shown in the material
temperature exceeding the maximum certification and marking of the material.
holding temperature is subjected to a final
heat treatment within the temperature range
and for the time required in para. (D)(2)

Flanges, Forged Fittings Valves and Parts ASTM A182 / A182M 14a Grade F92
Seamless Tubes ASTM A213 / A213M 15 Grade T92
Seamless Pipe ASTM A335 / A335M 06 Grade P92
Forgings ASTM A336 / A336M 10a Grade F92
Forged and Bored Pipe ASTM A369 / A369M 06 Grade FP92
Plate ASTM A1017 / A1017M 11 Grade 92

For Metal For Metal
Temperature Not Temperature Not
Exceeding, F ksi Exceeding, C MPa
-20 to 100 25.7 -30 to 40 177
200 25.7 85 177
300 25.3 100 177
400 24.5 125 177
500 23.8 150 174
600 23.2 200 169
650 22.8 250 165
700 22.4 300 161
750 21.9 325 159
800 21.4 350 156
850 20.8 375 154
900 20.1 400 151
950 19.2 425 148
1000 18.3 450 144
1050 15.7 475 140
1100 12.0 500 135
1150 8.6 525 129
1200 5.6 550 123
575 99.5
600 77.0
625 56.5
650 [Note (1)] 38.3

GENERAL NOTE: Stress values in italics are obtained from time dependent properties
NOTES: (1) The maximum use temperature is 649 C. The value at 650 C is provided for interpolation purposes only.