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1.

Block Error Rate


Block Error Rate (BLER) is used in measuring the error rate when extracting data frames from
a Compact Disc (CD). The BLER measurement is often used as a quality control measure with
regards to how well audio is retained on a compact disc over time.
Block Error Rate (BLER) is a ratio of the number of erroneous blocks to the total number of blocks
received on a digital circuit. Block error rate (BLER) is used for W-CDMA performance requirements
tests (demodulation tests in multipath conditions, etc.). BLER is measured after channel de-
interleaving and decoding by evaluating the Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) on each transport
block.
Block Error Rate (BLER) is used in LTE/4G technology to know the in-sync or out-of-sync indication
during radio link monitoring (RLM).
BLER (in LTE) = No of erroneous blocks / Total no of Received Blocks. Normal BLER is 2% for
an in-sync condition and 10% for an out-of-sync condition.

2. Block Error Rate


The Block Error Rate (BLER) is a measure of how successful a data transmission is over the air at the
Physical/MAC layer level. If a transport block is successful decoded (the CRC calculated by the
receiver matches the CRC sent in the block, then the transmission is successful. The target BLER for
the radio link is typically set to 10% (meaning that the transmission must be sent in such a way as to
achieve a 90% success rate on average).
If the transmission fails, then the receiver indicates this with a HARQ NAK (negative
acknowledgement); the sender can then send additional information (e.g. error correction bits) to help
the receiver decode the original transmission (a so-called HARQ retransmission).

iBLER is initial BLER where is rBLER is residual BLER after retransmission.

The initial block error rate (BLER) is counted after the first HARQ
transmission, and the residual BLER is counted after the maximum
number of HARQ transmissions is reached.