You are on page 1of 6
— T —_—_—_—_—_—-—-—E—~—"™_™=F=—-_-=™"[==—™ Reservoir sedimentation by turbidity currents and countermeasures, case studies Giownn Os Ces, naa Jensor Anau, Arion J Sohne ‘Aetrac:Seeartton nt vc of casi ngs {Groep esas many rates sodent rar ‘or by tatty caret Tey ean rasp fe rae at late igh concntatans over ong canes {Song the reser tom down ote dees pth Polke uel ce ftw cn and ove wore Tha the tarepartd esr wi normaly eto down So (drt hocotion esas ol on esoe ergy (rem hats ncrones era scage oa ‘Stctuts Te tat ert egaeng he argent (fui curate rested adnate th fe I of tice exe tides Posse store mich at CGhstace, seven and ening avidin sedmentton Se dscussed. Te Inesiguted raserors are Grins {ign and azzno, a aated te Ss As 1.4 Roser sseimantton Sedimentation ia sublet of mar importance ne50- ‘oie woruide and =n ange ans deep rere = ‘mani atest the esoreson of eedrrant anspor by th means of turisty curents (rf 1984, De Oss- Se 1988, De Cesare ot 2000, Sloss ot a. 2070, ‘The consbuston ole dam stant meets tho ‘tow ropme of ratra sea nthe aoa se and ‘Soursranm Conserog te veal high scent con ‘onratoneduing Nod evra, the ow same ae ‘ter conety tan tn aman fia, Sopanded od ‘het be envanes song the resenor bot al ‘isp sunt he sam ae tty sure, Thsen cr tors can when seg anu, ce and vansoort com _Scanble seamen ots wit eros Rs {coranquanc, musta depots may eer mp te Zeit ou, ect he operation of the power rats ‘rdvedue te sorage cape fe rosew Sorg ter pat ole sls stra ears ang by {he iow, uy depostes wath he esa Ta tcneequance of dan consuction raratcaly ss he ‘ow behave at chang tom huis o neue ith Gepaston of neomng sald pees. Each rear ‘Soutad on aural ver epee eft use er Supp lrgalon, onary food cota, can ave te ‘cape deresed ato aetnantton Ser oars Inan exreme case hs nay resut nthe ess bo ‘ing hl u wt emer ard th me fonirg over ‘nd again reserva a rar take, pare ross apy (Besson 209) ft reeves maybe ome compet tod wth sedans even wn ta ‘yore A resevor da ony sstarabi ope Sercarenowablesouceo! sngy wn sacmertaton onoted trough an eae anogarar fc whlch Stabe measures should be deviod hie & Oat) 2002, Serle eta 2010, ‘anes one nisiores!devlormant regan re ‘or sadimenttion informs abo. ta evo ofthe ‘essne sedimentation pesien avarorase a Wel 2s ‘bow the stra forts soeree ara echavoments Ininontadgeinetope oe thpanoursand decades (Bo Gases & Lato 2007, Atough me phenemenen ‘ot new ad hoe are saver obseratons recoded In {he pas, ts rmportance fs wy uraerestmated oF Simpy nogoni Stes tat stated inane egos Isate meh bende vew one tanepoaton ana 26 ‘ieation processes, Bt sulion ernie 3 Pleable otha ha abortory ad nmarca meds alo Ned or irr negts on tars crt, Sones ‘Suspension veclaal age SET EY ‘res acid by ecinesion ‘Reeret 2) amo ste “9 gages e Feet [eee nr) Far 1 Schama craving of zane anor by aly caret nse reser Be ‘gr 2 Gata of pose tures fr resavar sinatra IB Oy ‘jp Yeodmant copa ng acta see Be en since tho ond nee athe major medium x ox Siig to cin tor, ed ator stasis to boom mec) res {Spies And ence hen als flr re dove ond ong {tim eur or sare sedmentton eb. 2 Tatiay cunts Tho ior bed ete og of tho mata sported Dare Mees process nna starts 7th ah oumanawe pane, contning ith Rhian anc plains caigin takes rn ca respectively were Barna de toe Gacresing tow vals ood Sere a ary te et hors ‘euence, ers una ery secon pare wn {mde ange ose, Dur Hood ort te acon ot Stent cao than sand reaches 8010 80% of te ‘SalSccmentcried yw vende tt coder ‘inenoge o sual sir ihe sediment concent {aon sigh enough may coms toa ray caret. ‘he urd cueta bore to te fay of secret eye Tene cy a xa inte anc rose. Te veg eee ‘Fn Locators pire of te wvasanedresrars anon age Sais dare paws Ce Ferre ieer ia itwonsnceeanaser Liar: Enea Waters AO ies In ganed tom he suspended mati ire sl str, Winch rer he foweg ti water Pee than te ‘Starwtersbove. Viens sedmost nen ver er, Sig econ tha come parcel dost greauy eng fer cata th hesuata’ area oe reer at ‘Stunde no the reser se cepoution corsa (Stier paces, bong suspended, Mow tou the ‘Sena cea anc paste ip port ofthe ca athe Tp port of te data he cteence ry dey betwoen {heats water ion waar enough. may {aite to howto plunge an toy cues can be ‘dues On te path aha th Yost the tty ‘rent ay sled oven reaper ra mate sequent, he sacmerts are posted org the put doa to's deseaes now vast eaused by be Farecced oes suctorl wea. Pe searrarts and ‘Eeactosy are vvaty he ery pres tat remain in pension tong enough. They fll over ong dean ‘te aero bone song the haley trou the impound dont the apport pt the ko us [hy rou Be am osting the ol Once at he ca, {serra aden wat frm amy yer ad to 1.3 Measures against reso sedimentation ‘or te years several acsus agaist reser se (e'scsanabe, scart end porate an & Moris ‘far, lon 1984, Buea ordan 2000, As pbtne aeons and ot wens does road Song tam souton, Sores song sued tli saint accurtion n Ttesvcia in ene fo ensure th sta se. a ‘apemert of sediestatn in Apo esas cart ‘appended bya standard gerald lo or xo ore Fathers, seaman management not ites {Otte reser fel ea bape ete cachet eo- ‘sae extends to tha dowtear er Ever tn sto cry parton eat determine the [ostcombneton of sstiorats be appod Te posse ‘sues ®o sunmaraed m igure? and grouped 8 ‘Drang toe aoa hero fey ean be apis. fein app sar ert et ‘Samet budget sree enews toga sediment ‘manageretincues arly he complet adimert ‘oblerand apts of fw rargo of aed sto, [Ges arappropratetoth st, Kimpine athe aan {heeroauncment mostbe operated Ina maa’ nee {rth he prsoon usable lng arm bane ‘erator han with peso seatogy of dereog a poring esevore a a onsestarade wate stage [ssa soins sto) shouls aso oi te Conran reaches thor montonng cata soi Tse atanpe preci ening eo {ution rae scones metodo soe ine semen ‘Noe, tne Gime! reser n the Benes Obetand {izzone in Tene ana Uvigno nt Carton of Orson Sa ; rparabi storage volar The Gril esr a Imre water eel at 608 mal Lizzone at 1605 Sl end Lvign at 1605 mas Thi storage volumes Se renner 01 10-100 10 are 840 re etait on he dams andrea can be found tie wn cries 2.1 Geil reser = Infuencing tity ce ‘ents and rocineniaton by surged care ‘an ongoha pret costs of hehioing the wo exe fg dee forming te Gene rorewor oy 23m The ‘stcavabon and demote works ncosrar fr tha play ‘ecinoghtonng it genoa sores 190000 ‘feu conte mater Ths large aru fa ‘rns has fo be stored sorauere sear the conn ‘one, This od fhe ow of oldng some hn oF Chuace inte fom of submerged erence art {o pment eodimart Sepotion dof tury eure Inthe sro path rake strties Pure). Te ‘Secrets ae topactof tty cvs ont poe ‘Sir eadinantaton sore vented an he sfoney Stash sre ade on serene at ‘eso i porosity 5 ang a 200 waste dso equa nreasing to te ow {0 the midi f te ake whara arrow canyon ex oepost ea, approxima 00m deep dowrsrea of froeanyen meres! smustone ofa ypel food event eae {hata twbiy curt coves ard propagates tothe ‘eapet aon ofthe reservar eee to he cam (Osh) & ‘Schaes 2031) uring sun an ove, consgerable se ‘nen deoota sr rested to ara of tore or Eaton ovlet structs. Uproar ot th doepostpa ot ‘he resane he mentored canyon wih negate ope causes soning do of he our otha edineta ‘Srtacs pce, Two posse confgcaons fo cbstaces wor rerrox Teaty east. The fe configrton cori of © ‘tag artanionort sar, 1S gh ane 160m na {and ups ofthe canyon in coureripe a he lao. secordeogurten costed of Wo aire: ted eerste pond nthe mee oe fre seer san sr thm sro et so at trot red to fw around ar ove tan een tratwodar eu be fomngh da 210 miong Bah nro cont eens om ww wi oe ‘in to Fonp a Fo pron fo th waa ow Sra trntyngstereeonr ne costae cory oss fom and rect he ace ban fatty carer tte some of fad of he hry ret ows oconacle nes consequmen, conan amount Sf satren deposts cose upsternof hcole frou Fein oh tet on errata titecng othe Gras dams spewed in agreunat With pss expermera hath gh shoe asst ‘endo wee ne hgh of he aoroncnng tay Sire ack he tow cet hah fe eat SS saul and enue hat he Sabon of te ‘tervor hs imate at worn feces =a 1 porae aba otis certs Fg Pela ena dopoate a od snd tty cured Shed By. ‘nepedenoarmar am rm ie! ee hein be conc that he recjeling ofthe deoon {hd excavation isis o bull a submerge embark her amis an exalt opportuni to contol reser ‘icinentaton dus tot curerts 22 Uno esto = Countermeasures aginst ‘eer sesieniaton “The gn reser crate byte Pt cl a d,s ‘ray ocatoden alin aro wth be dr al aly {el afin the Canton of Gana, Ie Switz The {otcachrmtstea he asroce 28 Tecan {ctor ofthe Pc a Gal seh am, 190 ghana Eigimof eet anh wae complee TOE. ors lake wan wo ams. The pri wes arm ofthe esa (oe he ject ofa sty appronnately In ong Ghuletomesoy he Sp er Tre anual aera Spe aon th west em ofthe rosevar ib about 12% ‘he acl senor behavior fhe een was rays by moans 0 rmorea sels of ce ‘hater food everts late Abe et al 2005. hrochorighted that te poset stuson of theresa “or coe not lend to any major samentaton protien Inthe wity ofthe dam Approx 60% o! thes ‘Smet daposte arg e feos oocur the st 308m The orev heh eee pe tural cong Bash, ‘re anor 00% ttle upstaamo! a proposed seta ‘fo sree fr a aayaed ovens. Novortes, Uther conection) concentration ‘Sesson ur al Gab ans nt Gal are Fo Trbiiy carat devon Lig ener wou an couomeans a Tm igh obstacle Pe etree curant,hnce momar seaman a cer Soweto te poste o> (sre gor regured mm | Investigations wer conducts to propose ten 20. ‘one agaret simentaton to tally cure Intbe Lge econ Tue ators tw deren Foalons oro cages In ore o ‘eaves pot oar seamataton nthe lover pac ole esaNr Peloton of yoke an eo obtsle sar {bie propos submorgedenberkrert ams nthe Cimest ema vtn ve iret rigs, ce Sm donee of heat tthe esac for te ‘atimum opesten ea. + Roaloatos of gone sren placod approxima {ay 2310 opstea of he Punt al Ga car. otha amaaton ota perroable obstacle nthe ese ‘or twos helps were costar Flow ovr obstacles Jha and 12 mug woe site’ base onthe Tegjttred Grtcoar 200 food ove wh he san ‘SBeentetion of secant resting some 18 fe ‘othe perorance aganst bid cuenta taro ‘esgic octal gher an Bn Pi ase, Scimantton upabean ef fe oeaton of he bse iStnerenso tea 69% fo 70% fx te costal wth a gto md tor 69% 08794 ot cbeaca wth [Thught of Tam, biooeng sent compl any tater oaatean sadiertaton 9-6 25 Sedimentation inthe Luzzon resonir “The tuzzone atch dam of he Sno Hyropamer Com Day (OHSLE) wae But om 1085 t 1968 ner he [Bget Ohne nthe souhon eat of Swtzerandn te {Caton Tin. Tne emu cet Pig 225m and ‘Kroc arnt ows abectory ure 36 well a ‘tld mescuramante dng to sures seasons tthe Uitzone sero war ued vat 28D numerical ‘nodes Cosas 198), Ustrdetned rosin and de outer module tht ak nto acount te eacton Skench te rr a ha ssing socimert posts ‘ere pereanad terol hebalares Dees ee (ror doostan ara areson ne a9 ‘Tht guommty ofthe reser Int deoper pats Charctarioa by 8\Vshapea aly hat ae secur {fu comets for more a 4 year Tne mean boom ‘woth is now around 601m A taperidal etn apo ‘ate Chrateraos te esewor gooey. Me ot qomshiee weary symm th rach arte aS er 30m det FR det Figur 7, Cae saan dats chang deo x oad ced ag aly are eet on balan fe esa a esse sda dots magi ier 3 ears ‘ceo he ladon jr nce Saponte eto sa cry antes dacs The avrg ong sope ara ha seni Stam ean jor aesmetsopnts covet prosraty0.kof the ave boomy of moun 83 neta vsorr surtcn During 105, te senor fos comply sot, akong fe maar reste ‘ahoeal dpctte trough te bom out crag fee face tshing ve apo of 7 weal A presen ‘Sooer sho tn prose fshieg exp tha ta ot Socom aur tos fem srr Neves. inter to cat he Now machen of matic intaman nton wor uray carers were sriiog ely wi oeeved bow ordina nd he ‘nue compre on ste macnn. The srg fe ary acs st her te now Ita nw oor ne uncer aby euret en ‘nua th cre acon te Gar aes and ‘re up, rscing wh ha st ones trong tay fh try cure. Th singe ‘nls per cnra tro of auto ae tht ear ort ‘he gba otcn nes he ne beconse nse ‘erapproteat rou wn smart ni fessiony ane shore Asecmartocan nosso ‘Rcyintn ome, wih won ste fsgrr atrial ovr sever hou o een dy, Dus o particle {ere tenne xan pata coo (Gobaly sie and tue becomes eronger ung ‘Shag stage Te voure of scent eared fom ‘he btm is ound 35000 compare to S000 ont by the ow ter Fire 7 uses ha {on ofthe gba roan and deposi rte cm ‘Seat curent tees uma eared res ‘tere compared to seamen depose Mckrese over te ‘tele recov eblaned by bathmatc carey ate St yoo of operation, {Te nurs moc cn be used ss a stato vas hon too fo eas management anang var {eahcal stone to revert sdmaraen nha most Nainatle pars fe esevar te baton eles are the water hb, Based on tne amultin, te optimal {ingot tho opanng ofthe besten out can far ‘mae be detwmned to ase an mporant pat of te Scent yl jr te do ig toss etna, ovoereauong oval searertston [o'r measur, he aoa) pray sedart cover (6 aoa has boon Pigeons ener ure ‘ioning. Tis ras been done aug te dan hing of 17m. Soden samples ane ther characte ‘Srowed at tip stl pesto partarm success pot ‘io flushing, but long tm tte Gace Fae to botakan wah te next yarn ode orate ‘ower iia opesonl fer ong tra ea soda ‘omowl and satig up ofa geste eceon between ‘e bottom cute ard to watorinake may ead su 3. Summary and coneusions ‘The rola of essai saan tpt ut, haghigng alt aspocs accompanying the covtn: Us process of eeang soaps voura, Ever to re Sere end the nvoled process ofrssrsedronta: ‘on have boon wal known for ng te, sistas nd provorve reasues ar ay akon mo concretion [rhe dosgn ef nw recone. moe fo moi one {ona protons of powerteuss, semen f fot caressed nxn earns wi asus Which a ‘ony evicentor alte tna. Since mst eases toc ta fot wih sort tine, to sutanable ov For of ecowore ana the producton of vate peak rey eo endangaod. Todays werd ery roan tess of sterayecapaty cue to searrentaon seas har ante erase of capac tekst he cone traston of ne resarars for gson fad poteston, Ghnkrg water supply and hycropomen Al, for oe ‘sro, 80% ef the Ue Sorape capacity Tor Mise power procucton wl be lst 208. n Aine rogers {ho ee rata mn reconor capety Is obfeanty blow Were average But to fre eles of mato change {be thon to furor rerease the sedan Yl at Fig te es, 28 ‘The man seimantaion varepor proces in aarow anor he formation of ty cents. Te se Troriton process dao heen sur is dosebed ratnanumeralsalonrestsofsore case ties ‘reantaaTubety crete maybe stopped and forced {O ctle down ther ald loa by Soins stad In {he por poo tne yaerrn oat agp the ott ‘Bruce ie of sadn. ena caer ver ot ‘rbot cures that ears tar release vou the boom at pour ‘Tw preset corouton dacusses the samen obi of anne ont ep! Ie {Sin e nghightng mth cto tha Grins Lan {rs Lizone reer The pon meas to mar age rt cunt te provera oe lutte Th {he tee cton sie, ut oven the mvesato o- {Shore row sir aktuaes snd volumes, he er {ty of the wate and te reaavol charactors ‘Sain ho ferences ssrartaton rate athe Vesey of aplease and aprepriato measures aaa (econo sedmentatan. Av over of the erat measures oaventyin ule gon From to cate studi [Tear be ran at comoraton of eave! messes rant pro the bet sols In party te cts Uf oetecle steers and vering ie expones whe opts case suse 4. References ‘Ala, $3999. We ehunoe snd management fe trent at hae pet, Hyeponer & Dans Yume 8, eer ome cece. saa a ‘Basen, @. 2008, anagert of state noxising fru sew earors, Gener Repo! 39, rooeosnas {en 69) ot ta 20d Congress ofthe nt Conison on (sedans CE 1COLD, Brae Youne ‘tie, 16 andcoresan, JM, (2000 Sting and des fg of recent AA. Boma, Ptr. De Gest Scheie ans Hermann 200, mpact (Tray Curent on err Soden, Jeu fal of atte Engen, Vo 127, NI 16 Be Cram, G. 1908 Alimomoner des tones par as dette, Communion No.7 fe Labo ‘thoy of yaraule Consrctone CCH), EPFL ‘Be Cosa, Gand Laity 2007 Cute of he hs ‘Sie devaopnert parang resent sediment, Pro, on 60) of nd IAHR Congress onc Hay, 8 Fa dena Mors, ,L 1992. Reser Sadirertation, {i Pserr Databon ana Lang Tem Sage Capo ‘y,Joural of tyeaule Engen. YL. 18, No.3 Gra 11984, Storage oso nserver, rao- fal tor Powe & Sat Constuclon 35 3-40. noe Airave, De Caer, G, Boi ok and Senses A 2008 fbi cunts atte gin oan Voltsedresitin cave ticles, rocosings fon 2) of {fora Ganges ont Cormesonen age Oamns GBICOLD,Sraia voune l O8I-ADS Ute boo, De Cesare, Schl, A and Ke thon GF 2006, Sasentnion management be i= ‘ono reserct Hyropowor & Dar Vola 12, Is 62008, 6-08, orm @ Lad Fan J 1007 Rear Sednentzion Hovabosc Bsn ang Marogerent Oar, scr rd Woods Susans Use McGraw New ore ‘ty C, De Cesare, Gand Seis, A. 2010. Eee of ‘ined et sorean 99 tabi Carer, Jou of Hy Saute Reser, A, 18-00. ary. £008 Shots cena ad os on rsercr csiantaton ove to tis cures. Corimision fn N15 of ho Labor of yea Consus (tom, ee (ay Gan Schioks, A. 200. Numerical modo ot leat curert pang over an costoce = Prac! Sppteaton inte (nto Great, Swzarand, Pro. ot ‘he2o0t it. Sympoeum on Ev yrauos, Tompe #2, Dery and Scns, A 2007. Cos of turbid cu fee in feenoie by said and peneable stan “cura of yee Eninaring ASCE, VOLTS, Ne. 6 ‘ne 2007, 687-6 ‘Sante ander, C2002 Vetendung von Stason Une Nace, aoa Erp Lute 18: 227-298 ‘Scns, A, De Cas, Gen Jen Atha 2030. ‘Veroncing der Stauncon glial do nchnatige Nut ‘hog oe Wasser ctor Engi ate 0. [Sisto of Hyrule Constructions (LCM, Scho! ot ‘NeRtesture, CvlandtrrermartnlEngreatiag ENAG) ecole Poet Péaeae de Lausanne EP), EPFL” EAACILCH, Station 18, CH-1015 Laverne.