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BSN 2013

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BSN
Gd. Manggala Wanabakti
Blok IV, Lt. 3,4,7,10.
Telp. +6221-5747043
Fax. +6221-5747045
Email: dokinfo@bsn.go.id
www.bsn.go.id

Diterbitkan di Jakarta
Conveying
brackets
strand

web

grade beams
footings)

mats
strand

strand

ducts
Grouting

coupler

Joint
coupling

trusses

strut
Building Code Requirements for
Structural Concrete
footings

caisson

caisson
stud

strut
strut-and-tie

bracket

bracket

bracket
nodal

bracket

tapered wedge
footings

web

breakout

clear cover

capital bracket

capital bracket

stud
strand

footing

nodal

decompression
level

web
flange flange

web flange
flange
rupture

nodal

shearhead

pier
hoop
breakout
pryout
wobble

slab

jacking

shearhead

pier
shearhead

shearhead

monostrand shearhead
breakout

breakout

breakout

pullout

pullout

blowout
blowout

bracket

jacking

Q
r
R
i

shrinkage compensating concrete

breakout

breakout

breakout

pryout

pryout

web
jacking

footings
shearhead

footing
footing

braced
drift

chord
blast-furnace slag

density bulk
Bridge
Specifications Division I

blast-
furnace slag
blended
fly ash pozzolan
slag
Silica fume

workability

stud

American Welding
Society
low-alloy
stainless
stainless stainless

Low-Relaxation Wire and Relaxation Testing


Strand

strand
low-alloy
low alloy Colombium-Vanadium
low-alloy
structural shapes

Black steel hot-dipped zinc-coated


Cold-formed welded seamless
Hot-formed welded seamless

flowing concrete

air-entraining admixture
Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-


Coated, Welded and Seamless
Black and Hot-Dipped

Standard Specification for Welded Deformed Steel Bar Mats for


Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Bolts and Studs, 60,000 psi
Tensile Strength Stud

Standard Specification for Steel Strand, Uncoated Seven-Wire for


Prestressed Concrete Strand

Standard Specification for Uncoated Stress-Relieved Steel Wire for


Prestressed Concrete

Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon


Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes

Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon


Steel Structural Tubing

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-


Vanadium Structural Steel

Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel, up


to 50 ksi [345 MPa] Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion
Resistance

Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Carbon Steel Bars for
Concrete Reinforcement
Standard Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars
for Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Uncoated High-Strength Steel Bars for


Prestressing Concrete

Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Bars for


Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Steel Reinforcing Bars

Standard Specification for Steel Fibers for Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Steel Wire and Welded Wire


Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Epoxy-Coated Prefabricated Steel


Reinforcing Bars

Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Stainless-Steel Bars for


Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Headed Steel Bars for Concrete


Reinforcement including Annex A1 Requirements for Class HA Head
Dimensions

Standard Specification for Structural Steel Shapes

Standard Specification for Rail-Steel and Axle-Steel Deformed Bars for


Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Stainless Steel Wire


and Welded Wire for Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain, Low-Carbon,


Chromium, Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement

Standard Specification for Steel Stud Assemblies for Shear


Reinforcement of Concrete

Standard Specification for Zinc and Epoxy Dual-Coated Steel


Reinforcing Bars

Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Steel Welded


Wire Reinforcement, Plain and Deformed, for Concrete
Standard Specification for Steel Wire and Welded Wire Reinforcement,
Plain and Deformed, for Concrete

Standard Test Method for Bulk Density (Unit Weight) and Voids in
Aggregate

Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in


the Field

Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates

Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical


Concrete Specimens

Standard Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and
Sawed Beams of Concrete
Core
Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete
Ready-Mix
Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement
Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens)

Standard Specification for Aggregate for Masonry Mortar

Standard Specification for Portland Cement


Portland
Standard Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete

Standard Practice for Sampling Freshly Mixed Concrete

Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in


the Laboratory

Standard Test Method for Air Content of Freshly Mixed Concrete by


the Pressure Method

Standard Specification for Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete

Standard Specification for Lightweight Aggregates for Structural


Concrete

Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Concrete

Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical


Concrete Specimens
Standard Test Method for Determining Density of Structural
Lightweight Concrete

Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements

Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural
Pozzolan for Use in Concrete

Standard Specification for Concrete Made by Volumetric Batching and


Continuous Mixing

Standard Specification for Expansive Hydraulic Cement

Standard Specification for Slag Cement for Use in Concrete and


Mortars

Standard Test Method for Length Change of Hydraulic-Cement


Mortars Exposed to a Sulfate Solution

Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures for Use in Producing


Flowing Concrete

Standard Practice for Laboratories Testing Concrete and Concrete


Aggregates for Use in Construction and Criteria for Laboratory
Evaluation

Standard Specification for Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

Standard Performance Specification for Hydraulic Cement

Standard Test Method for Water-Soluble Chloride in Mortar and


Concrete

Standard Specification for Silica Fume Used in Cementitious Mixtures

Standard Test for Water-Soluble Sulfate in Soil

Standard Specification for Mixing Water Used in the Production of


Hydraulic Cement Concrete

Standard Test Method for Flexural Performance of Fiber-Reinforced


Concrete (Using Beam With Third-Point Loading)
Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water

Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Brackish Water, Seawater,


and Brine

Structural Welding CodeReinforcing Steel American


Welding Society

Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other


Structures

Specification for Unbonded Single-Strand Tendon Materials

Standard Specification for Highway Bridges

Qualification of Post-Installed Mechanical Anchors in Concrete

Qualification of Post-Installed Adhesive Anchors in Concrete

Structural Welding CodeSteel American Welding


Society

Acceptance Criteria for Moment Frames Based on Structural Testing

Criteria for Special Unbonded Post-Tensioned Precast Structural Walls


Based on Validation Testing
licensed design professional
slag slag
slag

w cm

slag

slag
bleeding
slump
air
entrained

licensed design professional

licensed design professional


cores

licensed design professional


tremie

laitance

ready-mixed

job-mixed
licensed design professional

standard schedule 40
steel pipe
laitance

haunches drop panels shear


caps capitals
mill scale

scale
soffits
strands
stud

stud
footings
brackets
drop panel shear cap

capitals

drop panel shear


cap

brackets

brackets
crane

shrinkage-compensating concrete
spandrel

strut-and-tie
haunches
balok jois
jacking
nodal

strand
strand

strand
strand

strand

strand

strand strand
joints
equilibrium density
camber
drop panels

drop panels
flange

flange

footing
braced

braced
braced
bracing

capitals
haunches capital
flat plates flat slabs
(a) (b)
Rangka tidak bergoyang Rangka bergoyang

(joint)
brackets
Denah

Elevasi
web
Penampang kritis

brackets
footing
flange web
strand

strand

hoops
footing
hollow-core

joist

flange
web
Torsi desain tidak boleh direduksi
karena redistribusi momen tidak
memungkinkan

Torsi desain untuk balok keliling


( ) ini boleh direduksi karena
redistribusi momen memungkinkan
(11-19)

threshold
Sengkang
Retak

Batang tulangan
longitudinal Diagonal
tekan beton

Sengkang tertutup

= luas terarsir
spalling flange

threshold
as-rolled stud
laitance

as-rolled
stud

brackets

brackets

brackets
Slab tumpuan
(tulangan utama)

Batang tulangan angkur

(sengkang tertutup
Batang tulangan perangkai atau pengikat)
untuk mengangkur sengkang
atau pengikat

bracket
bracket
capitals
drop panels shear caps

shearheads

Penampang kritis
(11.11.1.2)

Luas beban efektif

Luas beban aktual


Penampang kritis Penampang kritis di
melewati tulangan geser luar tulangan geser
slab (garis pertama kaki slab
sengkang)

2 2

Slab

2 2 2

Kolom
Tepi Penampang kritis di luar
slab tulangan geser slab

/2

D A

C B

Penampang kritis melewati


tulangan geser slab (garis
/2 pertama kaki sengkang)

2 /2 /2
shearheads

shearheads

tapered
stud headed

stud

stud

stud

stud
flat slab

shearheads

Tidak efektif Bukaan

(Tipikal)

Penampang
kritis

Tepi bebas

Dianggap
sebagai
tepi bebas
shearheads

g.p. Kol.

Penampang
kritis Tegangan
geser

(a) Kolom interior

g.p. Kol.

Penampang
kritis
Tegangan
geser

(b) Kolom
headed deformed bar
heads
Penampang
kritis

-10 sampai D-25


65 mm
D-29, D-32, dan D-36
D-43 dan D-57
headed
heads

attachment

attachment
Min. 50 Penampang
mm kritis

200 mm

Min. 50 Penampang
mm kritis

150 mm
strand

strand

strand

strand

strand

web
footing
brackets

Kait 90 atau 180


derajat standar (lihat
Gambar R12.5

Kebanyakan
harus
ujung dekat
restrained

web
Kait 90 atau
180 derajat
standar (lihat
Gambar S12.5)

, , atau , yang mana


yang lebih besar, untuk paling
Untuk memenuhi sedikit sepertiga
bentang di
kanannya

T.B.

Penampang kritis

Biasanya angkur tersebut menjadi bagian


tulangan balok di sebelahnya.
Lihat 12.13.1

Maksimum
50
mm
Minimum 50 mm

Maksimum Maksimum

Bengkokan diameter
kawat 8 (minimum)

Dua kawat horisontal


Lihat 12.13.1 atas dan bawah

Min. 50 mm
Kawat vertikal
polos atau ulir Paling sedikit yang lebih
seperti disyaratkan besar dari atau 50 mm

Tulangan Paling sedikit yang lebih


utama besar dari atau 50 mm

Min. 50 mm
Kawat luar tidak di atas tulangan
Lihat 12.13.1 utama terbawah

joist
.

Structural Welding CodesReinforcing Steel


Batang tulangan yang digeser
( ) dari kolom bawah
Batang tulangan kolom atas

Spasi bersih

offset

Spasi bersih

Spasi bersih
staggered
butt
overlap
Min. 50 mm

1,3 200 mm

Sama seperti kawat ulir

overlap

overlap
Min.
50 mm

1,5 150 mm
terpasang/ perlu < 2
(a) Subpasal 12.9.1

1,5 50 mm
terpasang/ perlu 2
(b) Subpasal 12.9.2
drop panel shear cap
tapered wedge
capital

recessed
pockets

drop panel
shear cap

spandrel

spandrel

spandrel

drop panel
flat slab drop panel
drop
panel
drop panel capital

Batang tulangan
menerus
Paling sedikit dua Sambungan diizinkan
batang tulangan atau dalam daerah ini
kawat harus memenuhi
13.3.8.5

Bentang bersih - Bentang bersih -


Muka pendukung Muka pendukung
Pusat ke pusat bentang Pusat ke pusat bentang

Pendukung eksterior Pendukung interior Pendukung eksterior


(Tanpa slab menerus) (Terdapat slab menerus) (Tanpa slab menerus)
shearheads
lift-slab

shearhead
collar
drop panel
offset
Lajur kolom 2/2 Rangka ekivalen eksterior
Setengah Tepi
lajur tengah Garis pusat
panel
1 bersebelahan

1
Lajur slab-
balok 2/2
Garis pusat Rangka ekivalen interior
panel 2
2 2

joints

bracket

bracket

joints
Kolom aktual di atas

G.P.
kol.

Komponen
struktur
puntir
G.P.
kol. Balok paralel

Komponen struktur
puntir

Kolom aktual di bawah

bracket
brackets

bracket
buttresses

basement
basement
out-of-plane

out-of-plane

(14-3)

(14-4)
out-of-plane

(14-10)

(14-11)
mats

piles

masonry
band
footing
rocker
shop drawings
cladding
joint
L P,T
L
L
L P,T
L L
L T L
L L
L
L
L
L
P/L

P,T T P/L

P,T
P/L T = Transversal
L = Longitudinal
V = Vertikal
P = Perimeter

grouted joints
reinforced topping

hollow-core
stemmed
unarmored edges
chamfer chamfered

Tumpuan Komponen struktur pracetak

Tepi yang tidak


ditumpulkan

Panjang tumpuan
Minimum 13 mm

(slab)
(balok)
braced
laitance

laitance

laitance
strand

duct
webs flanges

ducts
fatique
exposure

fatique exposed
jacking

couplers
footing

brackets

,
strand

shear
cap

shear cap
Daerah lokal Daerah umum Gaya pencar

Tendon

s/d
Daerah pengangkuran

bursting spalling
strand strand
strut

strand

strand

spalling
strand

strand

hairpin

hairpin

hairpin

strand

strand
Standard Specification for Highway Bridges Division I

Standard
Specification for Highway Bridges Division
Standard Specification for Highway Bridges Division
strand

strand

ducts grout
grout

ducts strand
grouting

ducts strand
grouting

ducts
grouting grouting

Grouting portland portland

grouting

portland

workability
admixture
grouting

grouting
grouting
grouting

grouting

grouting

grouting
grouting

Grouting

ducts

grouting
grouting

grouting

jacking
bulk-head

strand

fpu

fpu

fatigue

end fittings
draped

flange

flange
projection
trusses
toughness

coupling

lightweight

lightweight
toughness
normalweight
lightweight
coupling
Geser balok

Geser
kolom
Slab, tebal =
Tepi

Garis leleh

Kolom Lebar
Efektif

45 derajat

Arah momen

Tepi
Slab, tebal =

Kolom
Lebar
45 derajat Efektif

Garis leleh

Tepi

Arah momen
Kolom
Lajur kolom
Semua tulangan
untuk menahan
ditempatkan dalam
lajur kolom (21.3.6.1)

Tulangan untuk menahan (21.3.6.2), tetapi


tidak kurang dari setengah tulangan dalam lajur
kolom (21.3.6.3)
Berlaku untuk kedua tulangan atas dan bawah
Tidak kurang dari seperempat
tulangan atas pada pendukung
(21.3.6.4)

Tidak kurang dari sepertiga tulangan


atas pada pendukung
Tulangan atas dan bawah
yang disalurkan (21.3.6.6)
dan (21.3.6.7)

Tulangan atas dan


bawah yang disalurkan

Tidak kurang dari setengah


tulangan bawah di tengah
bentang (21.3.6.6)
75 mm
Perpanjangan
Perpanjangan
Pengikat silang
seperti
didefinisikan
dalam 21.1
Pengikat silang
berturutan yang
memegang batang
tulangan longitudinal
yang sama
mempunyai kait 90
derajatnya pada sisi
yang berlawanan
joint

joint
1. Arah gaya geser tergantung pada besaran relatif beban
gravitasi dan geser dihasilkan oleh momen-momen ujung.
2. Momen-momen ujung berdasarkan pada tegangan tarik baja
sebesar adalah kekuatan leleh yang ditetapkan. (Kedua
momen ujung harus ditinjau dalam kedua arah, searah jarum jam
dan berlawanan jarum jam).
3. Momen ujung untuk kolom tidak perlu lebih besar dari momen-
momen yang dihasilkan oleh balok-balok yang merangka ke
dalam balok-kolom. tidak boleh kurang dari yang
disyaratkan oleh analisis struktur.

Geser balok

Geser
kolom
Pengikat silang berturutan yang memegang
batang tulangan longitudinal yang sama
mempunyai kait 90 derajatnya pada sisi
kolom yang berlawanan

Perpanjangan
75 mm

Dimensi dari garis pusat ke garis pusat kaki-kaki pengikat tidak


melebihi 350 mm. Rumus yang digunakan dalam persamaan 21-2
diambil sebagai nilai terbesar dari .
footing

joints
joint

normalweight
lightweight

joint
joint
joint

joint joint
joint
joint

Luas
efektif,

Tinggi joint = pada Lebar


bidang tulangan yang efektif
menghasilkan geser

Tulangan yang
menghasilkan geser Luas efektif joint untuk gaya-
gaya dalam setiap arah yang
merangka ditinjau secara
terpisah. Joint yang
digambarkan tidak memenuhi
kondisi-kondisi dari Butir-Butir
Arah gaya yang 21.7.3.2 dan 21.7.4.1 perlu
menghasilkan geser dianggap terkekang karena
komponen struktur yang
merangka tidak menutupi paling
sedikit setiap pertemuan
( ).

lightweight

normalweight
lightweight
web
Segmen dinding
horisontal
flange web

flange
flange web
web

pier

flange flange

flanged
flange
web
mat

web

Batang tulangan
14 batang tulangan terdistribusi
longitudinal pembatas

Batang tulangan terdistribusi,


, dengan spasi yang sama

coupling
coupling

coupling
egress

coupling

coupling

coupling
Catatan:
Untuk kejelasan, hanya bagian tulangan
perlu ditunjukkan pada setiap sisi garis
Spasi tulangan transversal yang diukur
simetri.
tegak lurus terhadap sumbu batang
Tulangan balok tulangan diagonal tidak melebihi 350 mm
horisontal di dinding = luas total
tidak tulangan dalam setiap
mengembangkan kelompok batang
tulangan diagonal

Tulangan pembatas
dinding

Spasi tidak melebihi Catatan:


yang lebih kecil dari Untuk kejelasan, hanya bagian tulangan Spasi tulangan transversal tidak
150 mm dan perlu ditunjukkan pada setiap sisi garis melebihi 200 mm
simetri.
Tulangan balok
horisontal di dinding
tidak = luas total
tulangan dalam setiap
mengembangkan
kelompok batang
tulangan diagonal

Spasi tulangan
transversal tidak
melebihi 200 mm
Tulangan pembatas
dinding

Pengikat silang berturutan yang memegang batang tulangan longitudinal


yang sama mempunyai kait 90 derajatnya pada sisi balok yang berlawanan.
web
coupling
joint

collector trusses

collector

collectors
laitance

collector

collector

collector
collector

joints

joints

joint

joint
trusses

truss

pier caisson

poer

poer

uplift

poer

basement

grade
poer
poer

grade
poer
grade

pier caisson

pier caisson

poer

poer

grouting grouting

pier caisson

poer

pier caisson
stud

Poer batter
batter
batter
u Mn
Vn
Vs

drift

drift drift
pier

Joint

joint
joint joint
joint
grade beams
braced
braced

stud bearing wall

stud bearing wall


node
node

joint strat
joint

truss

nodes

truss truss
nodes truss

truss
nodal

nodes
node

nodal

nodal
nodal

nodal

nodes
nodal
node

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal
nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal

nodal
nodal
nodal
web

rupture
jacking

nodal
strand

joint coupling
stud

assembly

stud

sleeve
undercut expansion
expansion
stud

expansion

sleeve plug
sleeve
plug

expansion

attachment
stud stud arc
attachment
slotted

interlock

attachments

grouting

Stud
breakout
pullout

blowout
breakout

pryout

splitting
breakout blowout
pullout pryout

Stud

pullout
pryout

pullout
pryout
breakout blowout
pullout pryout

Stud

pullout
pryout

pullout
pryout
breakout

breakout

stud
washer

washer

washer

breakout
breakout

pullout

pullout

stud
pullout
pullout

pullout stud
pullout ,

blowout

blowout
sleeves

sleeves

pads grout built-up

breakout
breakout

breakout

attachment

breakout

stud

expansion
sleeve sleeve
expansion
stud

breakout
breakout
breakout
breakout

pryout
Aggregate

Aggregate lightweight

Prestressing steel

Extreme tension steel

Headed deformed bars

Compression-controlled strain limit

Load, live

Load, service

Load, dead

Load, terfaktor

Equilibrium density

Concrete

Concrete, specified compressive strength of

Concrete, normalweight

Concrete, lightweight

Concrete, sand-lightweight

Concrete, all-lightweight

Reinforced concrete

Steel fiber-reinforced concrete

Plain concrete

Precast concrete

Precast concrete

Structural concrete
Plastic hinge region

Base of structure

Structural diaphragm

Wall

Structural wall

Ordinary structural plain concrete wall

Ordinary reinforced concrete structural wall

Special structural wall

Intermediate precast structural wall

Contract documents

Collector element

Boundary element

Special boundary element

Curvature friction

Wobble friction

Jacking force

Licensed design professional

Building official

Joint

Isolation joint

Contraction joint

Seismic hook

Crosstie

Seismic design category

Strength, design

Strength, nominal

Strength, required
Yield strength

Splitting tensile strength

Column

Design load combination

Composite concrete flexural members

Admixture

Cementitious materials

Modulus of elasticity

Drop panel

Span length

Embedment length

Development length

Transfer length

Post-tensioning

Pedestal

Work

Tension-controlled section

Compression-controlled section

Tie

Shores

Reshores

Anchorage device

Special anchorage device

Basic multistrand anchorage device

Basic monostrand anchorage device

Design displacement

Wall pier

Pretensioning
Effective prestress

Structural truss

Moment frame

Ordinary moment frame

Special moment frame

Intermediate moment frame

Design story drift ratio

Net tensile strain

Connection

Ductile connection

Strong connection

Vertical wall segment

Cover specified concrete

Duct

Sheathing

Stirrup

Hoop

Seismic force resisting system

Stress

Tendon

Bonded tendon

Unbonded tendon

Effective depth of section

Shear cap

Transfer

Reinforcement

Welded wire reinforcement


Plain reinforcement

Spiral reinforcement

Headed shear stud reinforcement

Deformed reinforcement

Anchorage zone

Precompressed tensile zone


commentary