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HYPOTHESIS:

NULL HYPOTHESIS:

preliminary finishing time two variables.

ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESIS:

Organizational Rules, procedures and policies two variables.

HYPOTHESIS TESTING:

It is the same for the Chi-Square test of Independence as it is for other tests

like ANOVA, t-test, etc. If the calculated value of the Chi-Square test is greater

than the table value, we will reject the null hypothesis. If the calculated value is

less, then we will accept the null hypothesis

DF = (r-1) (c-1)

Where

DF = Degree of freedom

r = number of rows

c = number of columns

CHI-SQUARE ANALYSIS:

Chi-square test = (O-E)2/E

Degrees of freedom = V = (r-1) (C-1)

Where O = Observed Frequency

E = Expected Frequency

R = Number of rows

C = Number of columns

Level of significance = 5%.

Satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied

YES 10 4 11 14 12 51

NO 12 8 15 5 9 49

Total 22 12 26 19 21 100

frequency frequency

10 11.22 -1.22 1.48 0.13

4 6.12 -2.12 4.49 0.73

11 13.26 -2.26 5.10 0.38

14 9.69 4.31 18.57 1.91

12 10.71 1.29 1.66 0.15

12 10.78 1.22 1.48 0.13

8 5.88 2.12 4.49 0.76

15 12.74 2.26 5.10 0.40

5 9.31 -4.31 18.57 1.99

9 10.29 -12.29 151.04 14.67

TOTAL 21.25

Chi square value= 21.25

V = (2-1)*(5-1)

= 4

RESULT

The next step is to use the chi square table found at the beginning of the lesson

to find the p-value. Because our data has four categories (the four departments

in the company), our degree of freedom is three. Following the row for a degree

of freedom of 4, we want to find the value nearest to the chi square value

of21.25 . The nearest value is 21.25, which corresponds to a p-value of 0.01. It

is common for statisticians to use a p-value of 0.05 to determine if the

hypothesis should be accepted or refused. Since our p-value is less than 0.05.

Therefore, in order to reject the null hypothesis, the final answer to the Chi

Square must be greater or equal to 21.25.

CORRELATION METHOD

relationship is between two variables. There are several types of correlation

coefficient: Pearsons correlation or Pearson correlation is a correlation

coefficient commonly used in linear regression.

SUBJECT X Y

Highly satisfied 18 20

Satisfied 22 16

Neutral 20 24

Dissatisfied 27 22

Highly dissatisfied 13 18

Subject X Y X2 Y2 XY

satisfied

dissatisfied

x = 100

y = 100

xy = 2020

x2 = 2106

y2 = 2040

n is the sample size, in our case = 5

The correlation coefficient =

=5(2020) (100 100) / [[[5(2106 (100)2] [5(2040)-(100)2]]]

=10100-10000/[[[1053010000] [10200-10000]

=-100/325.5

= 0.3072

RESULT

30.72 %, which means the variables have a moderate positive correlation.

ANOVA TEST

comparison of two or more means which enables a researcher to draw various

results and predictions about two or more sets of data. Anova test includes one-

way anova, two-way anova or multiple anova depending upon the type and

arrangement of the data. One-way anova has the following test statistics:

Formula

SS total = (x1)2+x2)2+x3)2-(x1)2+x2)2+x3)2-

N

SS total = (x1)2/n1+(x2)2/n2+..(xr)2/nr--(x1)2+x2)2+x3)2-

MS WITHIN= SSWITHIN/DF WITHIN

F= MS AMONG/ MS WITHIN

dfamong = r-1 dfwithin = N-r

x = individual observation

r = number of groups

N = total number of observations (all groups)

n = number of observations in group

Create six columns: "x1", "x12", "x2", "x22", "x3", and "x32"

1. Put the raw data, according to group, in "x1", "x2", and "x3"

2. Calculate the sum for group 1.

3. Calculate (x)2 for group 1.

4. Calculate the mean for group 1

5. Calculate x2 for group 1.

6. Repeat steps 2-5 for groups 2 and 3

7. Set up SStotal and SSamong formulas and calculate

8. Calculate SSwithin

9. Enter sums of squares into the ANOVA table, and complete the table by

calculating: dfamong, dfwithin, MSamong, and MSwithin, and F

10. Check to see if F is statistically significant on probability table

with appropriate degrees of freedom and p < .05.

X2= Supply Chain of the Respondent

X3=Procurement of the Respondent

X1 X12 X2 X22 X3 X32

21 441 24 576 19 361

22 484 17 289 18 324

28 784 24 576 30 900

16 256 13 169 17 289

23 529 22 484 16 256

(x1)= 100 (x1)2=2494 (x2)=100 (x2)2=2094 (x3)=100 (x3)2=2130

(x1)2=100000 (x2)2=100000 (x3)2=10000

M1=16 M2=13 M3=16

SS total = (x1)2+x2)2+x3)2-(x1)2+x2)2+x3)2-

N

= 2494+2094+2130-1002+1002+1002/15

=6718-3333.3

=3384.7

SS AMONG = (x1)2/n1+(x2)2/n2+..(xr)2/nr--(x1)2+x2)2+x3)2-

=10000/5+10000/5+10000/5- 3333.3

=2000+2000+2000-3333.3

=2666.7

SSwithin = SStotal - SSamong

= 3384.7-2666.7

= 718

SOURCE SS DF MS F

AMONG 3384.7 4 846.17 718

WITH IN 2666.7 11 242.4

least to reach p < .05, so F score is statistically significant

INTERPRETATION:

This test can conclude that her hypothesis may be supported. The means

are as she predicted, in that the constant music group has the highest score.

However, the significant F only indicates that at least two means are

significantly different from one another, but she can't know which specific mean

pairs significantly differ until she conducts a post-hoc analysis

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