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HEALTH

We all know the popular saying Health is Wealth. By health we do not mean the absence of physical
troubles only. But it is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being. The loss of health is a
loss of all happiness. Mahatma Gandhi also says, It is health which is real wealth, and not pieces of gold
and silver.
Health is more important than wealth. A rich person can afford various luxuries of life such as a big car,
large house, costly accessories, air-conditioners, etc. But, he can enjoy these luxuries only if his health is
good.
Importance of light, air and water: Good health depends on several things. Fresh air and sunlight are
very important for our health. Fresh air helps us to improve our immune system and overall health. So a
morning walk is very useful for health.
Sunlight helps our body to produce vitamin-D. A dirty and damp atmosphere causes lots of diseases. Fresh
and pure drinking water is also necessary for good health. Impure drinking- water is the cause of several
diseases. So, we must take care of these things.
Food: Food is another necessary thing for the body. Nutritious foods helps us to maintain good health.
Consumption of healthy foods helps us to minimize any health related problems. We all should know, how,
when and what to eat.
We should always include a portion of green vegetables, fruits or salads in our meal. Green vegetables are
sources of vital nutrients. Our digestive system plays a key role in our overall health. Fiber rich foods such
as whole grain wheat, bran rice, etc. help us improve our digestive system.
A balanced and nutritious diet helps the proper growth of the body. But we must remember that we eat to
live and not that we live to eat. In India, over-eating causes a large number of deaths. If we eat less, we may
live more.
Physical exercise and sports: We know the proverb, A sound mind in a sound body. In order to keep
the body healthy, we need to keep the mind sound. Physical exercises keep us fit. There are different kinds
of physical exercises. We may walk a kilometer or two every day. We may take some yogic exercises. At
the same, games and sports are very useful for health.
Also read: Short paragraph on Health is wealth.
Cleanliness: Cleanliness is essential for good health. Without cleanliness, it is very difficult to maintain
proper health. We should clear our house and the surrounding areas every day. Every day, we should bath
twice, in the morning and in the evening. After eating food, we should clean our hands with soap. Various
types of diseases erupts from unclean surroundings. We should always throw the garbage in the dustbin. A
disease-free body is a healthy body, and cleanliness is the key for health.
Some rules of hygiene: We must know some simple rules of hygiene. Our house must be airy and sunny.
Apart from all this, we must form good habits. We should keep ourselves free from cares and anxieties.
Early rising is equally necessary for good health. So we must try to keep fit. Health is the real wealth.
Conclusion: Money cant buy happiness. Happiness is priceless and not dependent upon the wealth of a
person. Good health, however, contribute to the emotional well-being and happiness of a person. Even with
limited income, a person with sound health can lead a happy and enjoyable life.
ENVIRONMENT
Environment means all the natural surroundings such as land, air, water, plants, animals, solid material,
wastes, sunlight, forests and other things. Healthy environment maintains the natures balance as well as
helps in growing, nourishing and developing all the living things on the earth. However, now a day, some
manmade technological advancement spoiling the environment in many ways which ultimately disturbs the
balance or equilibrium of nature. We are keeping our lives in danger as well as existence of life in future
on this planet.
If we do anything in wrong way out of the discipline of nature, it disturbs the whole environment means
atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Besides natural environment, a man made environment is also
exists which deals with the technology, work environment, aesthetics, transportation, housing, utilities,
urbanization, etc. Man made environment affects the natural environment to a great extent which we all
must be together to save it.
The components of the natural environment are used as a resource however it is also exploited by the human
being in order to fulfil some basic physical needs and purpose of life. We should not challenge our natural
resources and stop putting so much pollution or waste to the environment. We should value our natural
resources and use them by staying under the natural discipline.
Pollution Essay Sample
The population of our planet is constantly increasing. It leads to a new problem of trash enlarging because
the more people we have, the dirtier our planet gets with every day. There are still some options of quality
garbage utilization even though we reach a high level of technological development. It is important that
garbage influences the water we drink. Moreover, there are even special islands for garbage in the oceans.
We do not pay a lot of attention to such a problem as sound pollution, but it is also very menacing. When
we listen to the sounds of cars, trains or other transport every day, we harm our hearing organs. It is not in
our nature to listen to such high sounds, so that is the reason we get some negative influences from noise
pollution.
One of the most pivotal questions nowadays is water pollution. Every minute there are a lot of dangerous
chemicals that pollute our water greatly. The thing is that plants, factories and mills throw into the rivers or
seas around is not under control. This problem is so extreme that water in some rivers might cause death
and thus is banned to use. In addition, there is also a way to get hurt if we eat fish from the dirty rivers,
which is really unhealthy.
Time flies by and the more we use our natural resources, the more impure our air gets and influences all
the spheres of our life. With the air pollution increase, we also get different decreases that result in death.
Yes, it is as simple as that. A harmful living environment is the reason of problems with our health. It is a
pity that there is no sense if you are eager to improve your health, but there is no way the living environment
can become better. Pollution on our planet puts all our lives at risk.
It is time to realize that the pollution problems become more and more serious. We need more trees to
improve the air we breathe. With our development, it is not hard to come up with the idea of a water
purification mechanism. Factories should follow the rules of keeping the environment clean and utilize their
garbage properly. Governments have to monitor all the environment protection problems as strictly as
possible. It would be a wonderful idea to introduce stricter laws to protect our planet.
Even though the situation with environmental pollution is pretty serious, there are ways of dealing with it.
In order to save the Earth, we need to start being friendly to the world around us and using it wisely.
EDUCATION
Education is an effort of the senior people to transfer their knowledge to the younger members of society.
It is thus an institution, which plays a vital role in integrating an individual with his society and in
maintaining the perpetuation of culture. Emile Durkheim defines education as the influence exercised by
the adult generation upon those who are not yet ready for adult life.
He further maintains that society can survive only if there exists among its members a sufficient degree of
homogeneity. The homogeneity is perpetuated and reinforced by education. A child through education
learns basic rules, regulations, norms and values of society.
Education thus is an essential prerequisite of modernization. It enables people to know the world beyond
their own surroundings and transforms them to become rationalist and humanist in outlook and world view.
However, it has to be kept in mind that the education has got modernized and in turn is contributing to the
process of modernization of the Indian society.
The traditional education system of India was quite different from the contemporary one. In traditional
Indian society, the number of educational institutions was too small and the content of education was
esoteric and essentially related with religion, philosophy, metaphysics and scriptural subjects.
The education was confined to the twice-born castes and the upper classes. The organizational structure
was ascriptive and hereditary. The lower castes, particularly the scheduled castes, were denied education.
Even today, the Madrassah education among Muslims is largely based on religion, philosophy and
scriptural messages. Shishu Mandirs also have religion and tradition as parts of curriculum.
Modern education is exoteric, open and liberal. The world-view is scientific-rational; the theme consists of
freedom, equality, humanism and denial of faith in dogma and superstitions. The course contents are
rationalistic and in tune with the needs of the present-day society.
Science and technology, grammar and literature, social philosophy, history and culture, geography and
ecology, agriculture and horticulture comprise the vast range of subjects which are taught in schools,
colleges and universities.
The modern education lays emphasis on the subjects like freedom, nationality, law, human rights,
democracy and scientific world view. The other parts of education are the co-curricular and extra-curricular
activities, which are often organized for total personality development of a student.
The modern education is change-oriented and, therefore, courses are modified time and again corresponding
to the changes taking place in society at large so as to keep pace with the needs of the changing situations
in the wake of fast-changing industrial society.
The present industrial society has opened up a multiplicity of occupations and professions and each one of
them is associated with scientific knowledge and skills. It is a society of complex division of labour and
requires people with specialized knowledge.
The modern education fulfills needs of the industrial economy. A vast range of subjects like medicine,
health, engineering, management and law have become hot areas of professionalization and specialization
today.
DEVELOPMENT
Development is always deliberated with economic connotations and it is referred to as an increase in the
gross national product or in per capita income. In this understanding, development is equated with growth
and it is envisioned that a quantum increase in the production of goods and services would bring
development.
It was also assumed that the trickledown effect of growth would lead to an equitable sharing of benefits
resources and opportunities in society. This process of development, however, has not been able to yield
the desired result to humanity, especially in the developing countries. Development pattern of the past few
decades have shown the following trends:
The high Gross National Product (GNP) growth of the fast growing developing countries has failed to
reduce the socio-economic deprivation of substantial sections of their population. High income for the
industrialised countries has not been able to provide protection against the rapid spread of social concerns
like drug addiction and alcoholism, AIDs, homelessness, violence and the breakdown of family relations.
Significantly, some low-income countries have demonstrated that it is possible to achieve a high level of
human development if they skillfully use the available means to expand basic human capabilities. Against
this backdrop, there has been a perceptive shift in conceptualising development. The realisation is that
economic growth is essential for humanity but it should be seen only as a means to improve human choices.
The essential truth that people must be at the centre of all development can be stabilised in this process.
The purpose of development is to offer people more options. One of their options is access to income not
as an end in itself but as a means of acquiring human well being. But there are other options as well,
including long life, knowledge, political freedom, personal security, community participation and
guaranteed human rights.
People cannot be reduced to a single dimension as an economic creature. What makes them and the. Study
of development process fascinating is the entire spectrum through which human capacities are expanded
and utilised. It is no realised that people are the real wealth of a nation that the basic objective of
development is to create enabling environment for the people to enjoy Ion healthy and creative lives and
that the statistical aggregates to measure national income and its growth have at times obscured the fact that
the primary objective of development is to benefit people.
GLOBALISATION
People all over the world become closer than ever before. Goods and services that appear in a country will
be immediately promoted in the others. International transfer and communication are more common. For
describing this present time, they use the term: THE ERA OF GLOBALIZATION. This phenomenon
affects the economic business and exerts a wide influence on society at that. The growth of the developing
countries is the main cause of globalization and it brings both opportunities and disadvantages to them.
Globalization is a process and this process makes developments in these countries. First of all is the
independence of each of developing countries. The development in industry, economy, culture and polity
gives solutions to social problems. The most serious problem of all of the governments in the world is
unemployment, which leads to poverty, social crime, illiteracy, can be easily clenched as most of the labour
in developing countries are very cheap so the multinational companies always employ the worker in host
countries. Moreover when the multinational companies cooperate with a country, they also bring their
religion, culture, and life style. Meeting them, the people in the poor country increase their standard of
living and get acquainted with new civilization. Furthermore, globalization also creates an aggressive
competition in industry. For the progression of industrialization, less developing countries cooperate with
more developing countries to get new technology or instruct employees to know some modern methods.
With these advantages, governments have a basic background to build their country and escape from the
Third World.
On the other hand, the spread of globalization makes many scientists warn us about its harms. As has been
noted, the cooperation between developing countries and developed countries opens a new window for the
improvement of economy of each country; however, the advancement of economy always goes with t...
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
Trains and buses are the main modes of public transport in India. Indias rail network is the longest in the
world.
All rail operations in India are run by the state- owned company called Indian Railways. For over a century
and a half, the Indian Railways has worked hard to make inroads into remote areas in an effort to provide
communication.
Indian Railways is one of Indias most effective networks which keeps the social, economical, political and
cultural labyrinth of the country together. Individual states have their state run buses that help people
commute. These buses connect major cities and towns.
After the trains, buses are the next choice for travellers. Buses carry more than 90 percent of public transport
in Indian cities.
Most cities in India have minimal rail transport and as such depend on buses, minivans, auto rickshaws,
cycle rickshaws and taxis for transportation. Mumbai, Indias most affluent city boasts of Indias most
extensive suburban railway network, carrying more than 5 million passengers a day.
Despite possessing a big network of trains, the population so exceeds the services that getting in and out of
the trains is nothing short of a miracle at peak hours. Yes, peak-hour trains carry more than twice the
maximum design capacity of the trains.
This means that many passengers are forced to hang perilously outside the train while the ones lucky to be
inside are standing back-to-back packed like a tin of sardines.
However in a country where the per capita income is roughly 750 dollars, the cost of public transport cannot
be increased. This puts tremendous pressure on the railways which is already reeling under the load of
reduced productivity and inflated costs.
The same is the case with the buses. Buses being overstuffed with passengers have to negotiate extremely
congested narrow streets. With no special rights of way, they have to compete with a mixed array of other
vehicles as well.
Severe roadway congestion has slowed down most buses to a crawl during peak hours. The accelerated
growth of Indias population has put tremendous pressure on all its transport systems. The ever increasing
travel demand of its millions has put a strain on its already weak infrastructure and services. Clearly public
transport is severely compromised and screaming for attention.
Public transport in India needs to be privatised. Privatisation will definitely ease some of the financial
burden. The government policies that have encouraged the manufacturers of small cars have resulted in
people unhappy with the public transport system opting for personal cars.
This has only increased the burden on the already congested roads. The government should make separate
lanes on the road especially for public transport so that the buses dont have to negotiate all the other
vehicles as well. With lesser congestion and better speed the services will get better. The introduction of
sky buses could be another solution.
This initiative which proposes to feature several express buses on elevated guide ways could really help in
easing the pressure during peak hours. Also no family should be allowed to own more than one car.
Automatically people will start using car pools thus reducing the pressure of traffic on the road. Two
wheelers must be prohibited. This will help to decongest the roads visibly. Lots can be done with the limited
resources we have if only the people and the government come together to help each other. We must all
join hands to make our city better.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE
The Criminal Justice System refers to the process by which persons committing criminal offenses are
arrested, followed by systematic investigation to determine proof. After which charges are laid, defense is
raised, trials conducted and sentencing rendered if found guilty or acquitted if innocent. Criminal offense
is an evil act or omission punishable by law; and/or a long record of crime. An offense can be a minor or
major violation, example of minor offense is jaywalking and some major offenses are murder, arson, and
treason. Crime, offense, and criminal offense are used interchangeably. Mens rae (awareness of guilt) and
actus reus (the act) are two important elements necessary to prove a crime.
Criminal conduct is the violation of the law of a state or country which prohibits certain conduct. Criminal
conduct evaluates the individuals behavior in the criminal offenses raised and is not based on whether the
individual was prosecuted or convicted.
Criminal offenses are usually investigated by researching the facts and/or incidents, situations, scenarios,
to prove the guilt of the individual. Thorough investigation is carried out systematically, capturing minute
details, analyzing and scrutinizing information to arrive at a conclusion to prosecute the individual
committing the criminal offense. The evidence collected determines the charges laid against the individual,
and a defense is made to oppose or defeat the prosecution of the criminal offense.
The trial is a judicial examination of the issues between the parties, whether they are issues of law or facts,
presented in court before a jury or judge. This evidence is examined by the judge in order to determine guilt
in the criminal proceedings. He takes into consideration the law of the land, the facts presented, or the law
put in the case for the purpose of determining the outcome.
If the defendant is found guilty, other facts are considered, such as: the nature of the crime; the defendants
criminal history; remorse or regret shown by the defendant; and the defendants socio-economic and
personal circumstances; inputs from the prosecutor and also the defense before handing down sentence.
Imposition of punishment may be incarceration, probation, community service or suspended sentence. The
defense or prosecution can make an appeal against the sentence or trial or both.
YOUTH CRIME
The media plays a major role in creating the distorted images of our youth that we the public perceive. Most
of these images emphasize problems like crime, drug use, and teen pregnancy. The skewed coverage in
todays media results in the belief that youth crime is on the rise. Todays portrayal of teens in the media
employ the same stereotypes that were once only openly applied to unpopular racial and ethnic groups.

Although violent crime by youth was at its lowest point in the 25-year history of the National Crime
Victimization Survey, 62% of poll respondents felt that juvenile crime was on the increase. The majority
of this percentage stated that they received their information from the media. As for the drug use, over the
last 12 years the statistics have fluctuated in fractions and is currently down according to the Bureau of
Justice Statistics. In the area of teen pregnancy, in a 1991 campaign to promote school-based clinics, the
American Medical Association (AMA) and the National Associations of State Board of Education
published a report that inflated the 280,000 annual births to unmarried teenaged mothers into half a
million.

People rely on the news media for accurate information and when it comes to crime, they only getting part
of the story. This causes confusion rather than clarity by not getting the whole story. Across the nation,
crime dropped by 20 percent from 1990 to 1998 while network television showed an 83 percent increase in
crime news. During the same year homicide coverage on the network news increased significantly while
actual homicides were down. According to the report, Off Balance: Youth, Race, and the Crime in the
News, the problem is not the inaccuracy of individual stories, but that the cumulative choices of what is
included or not included in the news.
TECHNOLOGY
To grasp the impact that technology is creating in education and training, society must consider how
technology has revolutionized Americas culture. In barely five years, electronic technology has
dramatically penetrated into every area of society. All of society can reflected on how some aspect of the
new information age is changing their job, family life, community, or patterns of commerce. As the nation
enter into the new millennium, the most fundamental shift will reflect a redefinition of training itself. To
retain key talent, remain competitive, and ensure long-term profitability, organizations are making dramatic
changes in the way they develop the knowable and skills of their workforce. Training as something provided
for employees will be replaced by learning that employees initiate themselves. Training, when available,
will be replaced by learning when needed. Training for the masses will be replaced by highly customized,
just-for-me learning.
It is abundantly clear that the Information Technology (IT) industrys employment needs and its impact
on the American economy necessitate a more basic understanding of the IT workforce and its future role.
According to the U. S. Department of Labor, IT is the fastest growing industry in the economy. The IT
workforce current percentage totals, 2.5 million and will continue to grow seven to ten percent annually.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) forecasts that employment in the IT service segment of the industry
alone will nearly double by the year 2005, from its current figure of 1.1 million (Garger, 2000, p. 35-6).
As a result, our industry is facing a national labor shortage of historic proportions and IT companies cannot
find enough workers with the requisite skills. This serious growing shortage of skilled information
technology workers throughout the United States is severely affecting the competi
GOVERNMENT SPENDING
Governments in countries all around the world are straightjacketed by debt. Debt repayments reduce the
amount available for everything else the state needs to spend money on, so resources for public services are
really pre-determined, because debt servicing has to come first. How the remainder is allocated is also a
problem in the majority of cases.
Over the past century, government spending grew to an average of forty five percent of gross domestic
product (GDP) among developed countries. But do these expenditures make countries more productive or
achieve such social objectives as improving the health and literacy of the population?
While some government spending on roads, education and criminal justice, for example, positively affects
per capita GDP, beyond a certain point the tax burden necessary to finance this spending slows economic
growth and thus retards the growth of per capita GDP. Today, total government spending in the United
States and other developed countries far exceeds the level at which it increases national income.
I chose to do this article because I have always known that some programs are governmentally funded, but
never knew which ones were funded and why. The government has an enormous pocket for spending and
in this paper, I would like to explain what some of those programs are actually getting funded, how much,
and where the government obtains their money.
Kathy Guthrie, State Government Health Spending Nearly Doubled Last Decade,
http://www.mnplan.state.mn.us/press/health.html, 1994.
The spending of government money for the year nineteen hundred ninety four was given mostly to
Minnesota for public records. Minnesota Planning expects the government spending aid to continue and
increase over the years.