You are on page 1of 221

ENGLISH

for
TOUR GUIDES

Unchalee Sermsongswad
Tongluk Ketkarn
Hilary Connon
English for Tour Guides

Unchalee Sermsongswad
Tongluk Ketkarn
Hilary Connon

Chiang Mai University


March, 2006

 

 
 
   

!" # $%&
$

'( &)*+,-.$
/$ 0+% 
!(1$



     
      
 !
"" #"! "$  %&
' ( )

*+
%,#     -+.  '"

 /0 ( 1
"" #)

"
)  + 0   "

%,#   

 ( English for Tour Guides ) 1'%(%&"



 /0
(  23 431
 " "  # 0  %  %  0  +    !

 ( !
'
  ('   "   % # !     

! 2 %1
 " "  #   230
/ 5# 
) + )0
 67 3  23 .8% 3 9: ! % "

/ 0 


",+ 0-23 

!"
   &,

%(- 0; 3 (!


'  
"" #  
 5#

"5;)    +   (!


' )
 -   +


   1    0%& 

#%&"

 /0 0-23 43

(i)


 English for Tour Guides   !"#$%$%&'(&)( *+ (& &
,*(&-./"'12' 334567)(( ,*&' (8*9:%;' :%<=7=<>>"
 ;3 "<>( ;,$(&;7()87)(( ,*&'$?#5
1. B? " '+  )8 &C C'*"C?   7(&C" 8+ (,* D4(&
E:?%,*7: 8+; ,* 5 *7B:'+DF(& E>
>G%HIJI (8*  )$B<I
2. ;&CG 334'& (8*)I'B? + &C3''G'>  7
? &"7(&E:?%;;%:7& ,* )L?>%3$>G%
> 1M7 :? (()3B+34&#5 (?5 *3B) )34 18
3. 9:%;% 7 1M7 :? (()3B+34&#5 (?5 *3B) )34 18 "&
73 ( ,*9:% =<4>G%  7(&(C$!,*;%,*>
5 75 )HI  ,*C" >%*
4. '?C  7(&-./E34 ,*"%%34> 73<'
5. Ms Sally Lawrence, Ms Amy Hausermann, Mr Rob Hatfield, Mr Paul
Woodhouse " '+& C3 + G' C'*) ,*" '+Ce G)?C  7 '*
&D473<'
6. ()8" D & 8g& ,*()8&?+ D!L"3 +  7 )3CB&
> DCD+ ,*,%#;?%h77

(ii)



 English for Tour Guides


      7 
(Module) 
    (Lesson)    !"#$
"%&
"'" ("!" '" " ) 
*'"'" (Tips) + ,-&  .% ,/++"
0" ** 12

   3 34'"" 30 7,8 349 " 7,8 " 


 "  -& *  "+ . "3-&   :;   -&  * % 0"*" &
("!"<!
" (intermediate)


 !E+ .    F . +,   " 8 #$  
  *' " G"
 + *'"
'"" *'"G"  ,G" "G" %,..*" '"*F *'"1%2

'" , +  F *'"%&3 ** 12 ."-&  .9:;"  *'"1%2

'" " ) 8:;  "  ,9+."G   -&  .9  &*"  "3*'"1%2

'"  " )  "7'" 
""3 ** 12 "3

  (Lesson) . +. (Task) "" + (Roleplay) H4,-&  .
8"97("!" ,   "   ) +3 ** 12.+


 
1. -&  :;#$
*'"G"  + *'"" , K
*'"
-&  &*+2H4,& "9 " .  ""G""E2 " )
H4,-&  " "G'"979.+ ." -&  *9":;"   ,G&

7 .."G   **& "  &*'"1%2 
'" ,  "

2. " **" '"*F"   ,G& 


7 . " "
"%& M 
*
*
 -&*-&  #$ 
  "    " 1 *

'"-&  :;#$
  "     ."* -&  
" " *'" , ("!"9      ("!"9 ,G&

(iii)
3. -&* -&  7("!" ,'" 
     %""*
-&   .*7+"7("!"<!3 H4, .,"9  ".9 G&9
 "

4. 7,8  -&*. "'""*& 


%,-&  .9
8"7("!" ,  .+ ,  "'""*& 

 -&* +#$"'""3
-&   %,*" 7  
 ,.'"  
  "*& "
'" *&
."-&3*+ M
*'"'" %+, + . 872 "7("!"+3
** 12

5. * P8"-&  (+" *" *+ M %+, + ,"


/++"3 ** 12 %, "

,*" &
"E2 
 %, +*" 3".
 ,G& .'"9& "/++" , ** 129 " &E2

6. ." "7("!" ,G&


  " 
 * ,
"" *ER 
.+R 3 ** 12"  *

7. " +-
"  &3-&  
. +9.""'"
+. 
"" +"  '"" +-
,." *
" +"7("!"G""E2.+ 8* ,'"" +* *" G&

*"  " 3("!" 


(iv)
   

 English For Tour Guides 3 34 8 G*2  ,.7 
-&  *" '" M."7("!"<!,"   ,7" "7"+9 "G&

  " 
  3 34 %,7" 
  -&  " "G714!"
 9 -&   ,   *'"+. 3   ". +. *& 
8:;:
  "8":;-&,

"  *" '" M. -&  .'" &   " ("!" 
 ! , :; : 
7  .'" .4  . +*" 7' ""F
*" 7,  ,   9  ".7

 "     -&  *:;:
  %+, +
 " ,'"    * "1%2 
'" ,  
   % *" &
%0" -&  .4*'"("!" ,  973 &
"   ,, ) 9  K%"":;
  " ."-&  *'"("!" ,9  ."
  97G""E2
.+

(v)


  (i)

 (ii)

   (iii)

   (v)



MODULE 1: Social Interaction 1


Lesson 1 Meeting Tourists 2
Lesson 2 Introducing People 7
Lesson 3 Making Small Talk 10
Lesson 4 Giving Opinions 19
Lesson 5 Accepting Praise & Criticism 22
Lesson 6 Dealing with Complaints 26
Lesson 7 Coping with Emergencies 29
Lesson 8 Bidding Farewell 36

MODULE 2: Giving Information 40


Lesson 1 Talking about Days and Dates 41
Lesson 2 Talking about Time 47
Lesson 3 Talking about Distance, Area, and Length of Time 53
Lesson 4 Talking about the Weather 56
Lesson 5 Talking about an Itinerary 59

MODULE 3: Exploring the City and Visiting Temples 64


Lesson 1 Describing a City 65
Lesson 2 Talking about History 69
Lesson 3 Visiting the Grand Palace 76
Lesson 4 Visiting the Temple of the Emerald Buddha 83
Lesson 5 Entering a Temple 91
Lesson 6 Exploring the City 98

MODULE 4: Learning about Thai Festivals 101


Lesson 1 Describing Joyous Festivals 102
Lesson 2 Talking about Festivals 106
Lesson 3 Describing Religious Festivals 111
Lesson 4 Describing Royal Festivals 115

MODULE 5: Joining an Eco-Tour 120


Lesson 1 Enjoying Trekking 121
Lesson 2 Experiencing a Home Stay 128
Lesson 3 Admiring Natural Scenery 134
MODULE 6: Eating Thai Food and Fruits 140
Lesson 1 Ordering Thai Food 141
Lesson 2 Choosing What to Eat 145
Lesson 3 Selecting a Thai Dessert 148
Lesson 4 Joining a Khan Toke Dinner 151
Lesson 5 Trying New Dishes 156
Lesson 6 Knowing Thai Fruits 163

MODULE 7: Going on a Shopping and Factory Tour 170


Lesson 1 Shopping with a Tour Guide 171
Lesson 2 Visiting a Factory 182

ANSWER KEY 185

  209


MODULE 1

Social Interactions
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 1: Meeting Tourists

A. Read the following self-introduction and answer the questions.

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.


Im Sucheera from the Lanna Travel
Company. You can call me Dao. Ill be
your tour guide for todays tour.

1. Who is this woman?


2. What is she doing?
3. Who does she work for?
4. What is her nickname?

B. Listen to self-introduction and repeat.


1.1

C. Read these explanations. Listen to the pronunciation, and repeat.


1.2

Expression Explanation
Good morning. 

ladies and gentlemen      
Im.(name).from..(company)..   

You can call me.(nickname/             
short name)..
Ill be your tour guide for today. !   " !#$  !% 

D. Task:
You are a tour guide, prepare a self-introduction to present to the
tourists.

Start like this:-


Good morning, Im .
INCLUDE:
Your name
Your company
Your nickname
Your job

2 
  10/08/2007
E. Read the note. Listen to the questions and answer.
1.3

Sawat
We have a 2-day, private Agro-Tour to Doi 1.

Tung from Wednesday to Thursday 8:00 to


17:30. The tourists are Mr Franz Werner 2.
and Miss Marie LeBlanc. Please take care of
them. 3.

I have reserved their rooms at the Doi Tung


Resort. Collect the money for food, gasoline 4.

and entrance fees from my office.


Pong will meet you at my shop at 7:50 am 5.

Wednesday, and you can pick them up from


the Amora Rydges Hotel at 8:00 am. 6.

Tom

F. Listen and complete the conversations.


1.4

1. The tour guide sees two ladies in the Reception. He approaches


the first woman.

Guide: a. , Madam.
Are you Miss Marie LeBlanc?

Woman 1: No, Im not.

Guide: Oh, b. .

2. The tour guide approaches the second woman.

Guide: Excuse me, Madam.


c. Miss
Marie LeBlanc?

Woman 2: Yes, I am.

Guide: Good morning. Im Sawat.


d. from the
Lanna Travel Company.

Woman 2: Hello, Sawat. Nice to meet you.

Guide: Nice to meet you too.


e.

Woman 2: Thank you.

3 
  10/08/2007
G. Listen to these explanations and repeat.
1.5
Expression Explanation
Excuse me.   " & '(
Im sorry. % )*
Madam     +$
Nice to meet you.  "$   ,&   ( !
Welcome to (place). 
 !
Thank you. % !"-

H. Listen and practise these additional expressions.


1.6
Expression Explanation
Sir     
Miss, Ms, Madam     #, +$
Good afternoon 
!
Good evening 
. 
"
Goodbye 
Good night 
"

I. Role-play
1. A: You are a tour guide. B: You are a tourist.
Use the conversation in F and the expressions in G and H to greet
each other at your first meeting.
2. Role-play in pairs again, but this time change roles and also use
different greetings and different names.

Tips: When meeting tourists for the first time, it is recommended that you wai them
first to show the Thai way of greeting. Handshakes can also be used after that.
You could give the tourists the explanation below:
A wai is used when meeting, thanking and bidding farewell to people of the same or higher status.
A wai is usually accompanied by bowing or stooping. The level of bowing or stooping depends on
the status or seniority of both parties.
Thai people do not wai younger people or those giving service, waiters etc..
Pictures from Thai Social Etiquette

Wai monks. Wai people of the Wai parents, teachers, senior


same status. relatives and the elderly.

4 
  10/08/2007
J. Listen to the following conversation and answer the questions.
1.7

1. Why does Sawat, the tour guide, telephone Mr Werner?

2. What is the problem with Mr Werner?

3. Will Mr Werner join the tour?

K. Listen to these expressions and repeat.


1.8

Expression Explanation
This is your tour guide, (name),   
) /(0
from (company).

Are you ready to leave, Sir? 1"(  %    


Thats fine.
! !"% )*
See you in a minute, Sir.  (     

L. Role-play
A: You are a tour guide picking up tourists at a hotel for a city tour.
One tourist is missing. Call the tourist in his/her room.

B: You are a tourist who does not appear at the meeting point.
You receive a telephone call from the tour guide in your hotel room.
Give a reason for missing the appointment.

Tips:
When talking to tourists in person, or on the phone, be sure to speak clearly. Do not
speak too fast. Tourists might have difficulties in understanding you.

5 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the self-introduction and repeat.
1.1 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.
Im Sucheera from the Lanna Travel Company.
You can call me Dao. Ill be your tour guide for todays tour.

Read the note. Listen to the questions and answer.


1.3 1. Who is the note for?
2. What kind of tour is it?
3. Who are the customers?
4. How long does the tour last?
5. Which hotel are they staying in?
6. What time must he pick them up?

Listen and complete the conversations.


1.4
1. The tour guide sees two ladies in the Reception. He approaches the first
woman.

Guide: Excuse me, Madam. Are you Miss Marie LeBlanc?


Woman 1: No, Im not.
Guide: Oh, Im sorry.

2. The tour guide approaches the second woman.


Guide: Excuse me, Madam. Are you Miss Marie LeBlanc?
Woman 2: Yes, I am.
Guide: Good morning. Im Sawat. Im your guide from the Lanna
Travel Company.

Woman 2: Hello, Sawat. Nice to meet you.


Guide: Nice to meet you too. Welcome to Thailand.
Woman 2: Thank you.

Listen to the following conversation and answer the questions.


1.7 Room 419: Hello?
Guide: Is that Mr Franz Werner?
Room 419: Speaking.
Guide: This is your tour guide, Sawat, from Lanna Travel Company.
You booked a tour to Doi Tung for today. Are you ready to
leave, Sir?
Room 419: Yes, sorry to keep you waiting. I overslept. Ill be down in a minute.
Guide: Thats fine. See you in a minute, Sir.
Room 419: Thanks, Bye.

6 
  10/08/2007
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 2: Introducing People

A. Listen to the following conversations and fill in the blanks.


1.9

1. The tour guide meets Mr Franz Werner in Reception and introduces him to
Ms Marie LeBlanc, another tourist.

Tour Guide: Good morning, Sir. Im Sawat.


Im your guide for the tour to Doi Tung.

Mr Werner: Hello, Sawat. Nice to meet you.

Tour Guide: a. Ms Marie Le Blanc who will


also be joining us on the tour to Doi Tung.

Mr Werner: Hello, Marie, b. .

2. The tour guide introduces the driver.

Tour Guide: If you will both follow me,


well head for the mini-bus.

Mr Werner: Fine.

Tour Guide: This is Mr Pongsak, our driver


for the tour.

Ms LeBlanc: Im sorry, c. .

Driver: Its Pongsak, but d. Pong.

Mr Werner: Pleased to meet you, Pong.

7 
  10/08/2007
B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
1.10

Expression Explanation
This is (name of third person), who will
be joining us on the tour.
  !"" 3
This is (name of third person), our
driver for the tour.
You can call me (nickname/short name).             
Expressions Tourists may use Explanation
Im sorry. I didnt catch your name. % (,  " 
Nice to meet you.  "$   ,&
Pleased to meet you.

Tips:
When addressing your tourists use their title (Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms.) followed by
their last name:
e.g. Mr (Franz) Werner
Ms (Marie) LeBlanc

If they give you permission, you may address your tourists by their first names
later. e.g Franz Marie
Do not address the tourists using terms for relatives,
e.g. Auntie, Uncle, Grandpa, Daddy Sister.

C. . Role-play
In groups of 3 or 4, take turns with one person acting as a tour
guide, introducing the other 2 or 3 tourists to each other.

8 
  10/08/2007
Script

Listen to the following conversations and fill in the blanks.


1.9

1. The tour guide meets Mr Franz Werner in Reception and introduces him
to Ms Marie LeBlanc, another tourist.

Tour Guide: Good morning, Sir. Im Sawat.


Im your guide for the tour to Doi Tung.
Mr Werner: Hello, Sawat. Nice to meet you.
Tour Guide: This is Ms Marie Le Blanc who will also be
joining us on the tour to Doi Tung.
Mr Werner: Hello Marie, Nice to meet you, too.

2. The tour guide introduces the driver.

Tour Guide: If you will both follow me, well head for the mini-bus.
Mr Werner: Fine.
Tour Guide: This is Mr Pongsak, our driver for the tour.
Ms LeBlanc: Im sorry, I didnt catch your name .
Driver: Its Pongsak, but you can call me Pong.
Mr Werner: Pleased to meet you, Pong.

9 
  10/08/2007
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 3: Making Small Talk

A. Talking about Country and Nationality


1. Listen to the conversation and fill in the information.
1.11

Ms LeBlanc: Country_________________ Nationality ___________


Mr Werner: Country_________________ Nationality ___________

2. Listen to the following expressions and repeat.


1.12

Expression Explanation
Are you from (country)?/ 1   &3  /
What country are you from?
Where do you live in (country) ? &&1       ,
How about you? 1"1 $!    "  4

3. a. Fill in the missing words in the blanks below.


Country Nationality
1) Hes from the USA. Hes A
2) Shes from F.. Shes French.
3) Hes from Sweden. Hes S...
4) Im from T. Im Thai.
5) They are from Japan. Theyre J...
6) Shes from I Shes Israeli.
7) Were from Italy. Were.
8) Shes from the U.K. Shes B

b. Now listen to the answers and repeat.


1.13

Tips:
You can ask tourists questions about nationality or hometown, but do not ask personal
questions, such as questions about religion, age, and marital status, (unless the tourist
asks you first).

10 
  10/08/2007
B. Talking about Occupations.

1. Listen to the following conversations, and fill in the missing words.


1.14

Guide: Ms LeBlanc, a._________________a teacher?

Ms LeBlanc: I am! How did you know that?

Guide: b._________________ from the way you ask questions.

Ms LeBlanc: I didnt realize it was that obvious. Yes, I teach geography.

Guide: I think you must be a very good


teacher.

Ms LeBlanc: Thank you.

Guide: c._________________, Mr Werner?

What do you d._________________?

Mr Werner: Im a retired army officer, and Im now


exploring the world.

Guide: How wonderful!

Tips: Never ask about the income of a tourist.

11 
  10/08/2007
2. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
1.15
Expression Explanation
Are you a/an ..(occupation)?
Is he/she a/an (occupation)? 1 (
Are they (occupation)s?
What do you do for a living?

3. Match the occupations with the correct pictures.


a) gardener b) doctor c) carpenter d) musician
e) dressmaker f) secretary g) mechanic h) taxi driver
i) businessman j) hairdresser k) policeman l) factory worker

What do you do? Im a .. / Im an ..


What does he/she do? Hes a .. Shes a .. They are ..

1) 2) 3)

4) 5) 6)

7) 8) 9)

10) 11) 12)

When you have completed it, you may listen to the answers and repeat.
1.16

12 
  10/08/2007
C. Talking about a City and Climate

1. Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.


1.17

a. What is interesting about Paris?

b. What is the difference between the seasons in Europe and the seasons in
Thailand?

c. Is Autumn a warm or cold season?

d. Where is Kempton?

e. What is the climate like in Kempton?

2. Listen to these expressions and repeat.


1.18

Expression Explanation
What is (place) like? 1 ( ! 1 
Its a great city.
! 1 
Its a nice, peaceful town.
What is the climate like? 1*-',$ /
We have three seasons: summer, the
rainy season and the cold season. % , !*-',$ /
Our summer is very hot.

13 
  10/08/2007
3. Match the description with the pictures.
What is (place) like? (1) to (6)
a. It is an island.
b. It is a rural area.
c. It has beautiful beaches.
d. It is a small village.
e. It is mountainous.
f. It is a modern city.

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

Listen to check your answers and repeat.


1.19

4. a. You are a tour guide. Choose the most appropriate responses from
the list below to answer the questions. Some questions can have
more than one response.
Responses:
1) No, we dont. We are a tropical country.
2) There are various places to visit, such as waterfalls,
local handicraft villages and hilltribe settlements.
3) Its very peaceful and welcoming.
4) Its a town surrounded by mountains./Its a mountainous town.
5) It has one of the most beautiful beaches in Thailand.
6) Its a centre for business and commerce.
7) Its about an hours drive from one of the most beautiful beaches in
Thailand.

14 
  10/08/2007
Questions: 1- 6

a) Whats (the city/town) like? ....


b) Is it near the sea? ....
c) Does it have any mountains? ....
d) Do you have any snow in Thailand? ....
e) Are there many tourist attractions? ....

b. Listen and check your answers.


1.20

D. Task
Prepare a talk about a town or city to present to a tourist.

Start like this:-


Let me tell you about ...
INCLUDE:
name
location
(north, south, east, west)
scenery
local tourist attractions
climate

15 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the conversation and fill in the information.
1.11

Tour Guide: So, Ms LeBlanc, are you from Switzerland?


Ms LeBlanc: No, Im from France. Im French.
Tour Guide: Oh really! Where do you live in France?
Ms LeBlanc: In Paris.
Tour Guide: How about you, Mr Werner?
Mr Werner: Im German. Im from a town called Kempton in Germany.

Now listen to the answers and repeat.


1.13
1) Hes American.
2) Shes from France.
3) Hes Swedish.
4) Im from Thailand.
5) Theyre Japanese.
6) Shes from Israel.
7) Were Italian.
8) Shes British.

Listen to the following conversations, and fill in the missing words.


1.14

Guide: Ms LeBlanc, are you a teacher?


Ms LeBlanc: I am! How did you know that?
Guide: I just guessed from the way you ask questions.
Ms LeBlanc: I didnt realize it was that obvious. Yes, I teach geography.
Guide: I think you must be a very good teacher.
Ms LeBlanc: Thank you.

Guide: How about you, Mr Werner?


What do you do for a living?
Mr Werner: Im a retired army officer, and Im now exploring the world.
Guide: How wonderful!

16 
  10/08/2007
Listen to the answers and repeat.
1.16

1. Hes a mechanic. 7. Hes a hairdresser.


2. Hes a businessman. 8. Shes a doctor.
3. Shes a dressmaker. 9. Hes a taxi driver.
4. Shes a musician. 10. Hes a carpenter.
5. Hes a policeman. 11. Theyre factory workers.
6. Shes a gardener. 12. Shes a secretary.

Listen to the conversation and answer the following questions.


1.17

Guide: What is Paris like, Ms LeBlanc?


Ms LeBlanc: Oh, its a great city, with lots to do and see. Have you heard of
the Eiffel tower?
Guide: Of course, it is famous.
Ms LeBlanc: Well, that is just one of the many wonderful buildings you can see
in Paris. We also have superb restaurants and a great night life.
Guide: Whats the climate like?
Ms LeBlanc: We have four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter. Spring
is mild, summer is warm and its quite cold in autumn and winter.
Guide: Do you? Thats quite different from Thailand. We only have
three seasons: summer, which is very hot, the rainy season,
which is very wet, and the cold season, which is not really
very cold. What is Germany like, Mr Werner?
Mr Werner: Well, I live in Kempton which is a small town in the German Alps.
The scenery is really beautiful there. We have the same seasons
as the rest of Europe, but it is very cold in the winter and there
is a lot of snow on the mountains. Its a nice, peaceful town.

Listen to check your answers and repeat.


1.19
1) e. It is mountainous.
2) d. It is a small village.
3) a. It is an island.
4) c. It has beautiful beaches.
5) f. It is a modern city.
6) b. It is a rural area.

17 
  10/08/2007
Listen and check your answers.
1.20

a. Whats (the city/town) like? answers 3,4,5 & 6

3. Its very peaceful and welcoming.


4. Its a town surrounded by mountains.
5. It has one of the most beautiful beaches in Thailand.
6. Its a centre for business and commerce

b. Is it near the sea? answer 7

7. (Yes, it is.) Its about an hours drive from one of the most beautiful
beaches in Thailand.

c. Does it have any mountains? answer 4

4. (Yes, it does.) Its a town surrounded by mountains./Its a mountainous town.

d. Do you have any snow in Thailand? answer 1

1. No, we dont. We are a tropical country.

e. Are there many tourist attractions? answers 2 and 5

2. (Yes) There are various places to visit, such as waterfalls,


local handicraft villages and hilltribe settlements.

5. (Yes) It has one of the most beautiful beaches in Thailand.

18 
  10/08/2007
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 4: Giving Opinions

A. Listen to the following conversation, tick () the correct column


1.21 and fill in the suggestions.

Opinions towards governments


Needs
Good Suggestions
Improvement

Guide

Tourist

B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.


1.22

Expression Explanation

What do you think of/about ? 1""$ .


Thats a very good question, but I am
(, ( 1 %-" $ "
!
not sure how to answer it.
Do you think 1""$ .
Well, I think  ""$ .
Yes, I agree  " . 
I also think (should)  " . ($
$

C. Mark the following opinions with P for positive and N for negative.

its not a problem. its a big problem.


its getting worse. its improving.

19 
  10/08/2007
D. Task:
Interview some classmates to find out their opinions on subjects
that tourists might ask them about.

Start like this:- Opinions


What do you think of/about .? Well, I think / Im not sure..

the increase of beer bars and


prostitution in Thailand

the traffic problems in big cities


in Thailand

the current economy in Thailand

the security policy for tourists


in Thailand

20 
  10/08/2007
Script

Listen to the following conversation, tick () the correct column and fill in
1.21 the suggestions.

Ms LeBlanc: Our countries have something in common. We are both


democratic and we elect our own governments. What do you think
of your government?

Guide: Hmm, thats a very good question, but I am not sure how to
answer it. Some of their policies are good because they are
efficient, but Im still not sure about the effectiveness of
some policies. What about you? Do you think the government
in France is good for your country?

Ms LeBlanc: Well, I think that my government should have some new policies
to support industry and create more jobs for the people.

Guide: Yes, I agree that it is important for people to have jobs.


I also think my government should do more to support the
tourist industry in Thailand.

21 
  10/08/2007
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 5: Accepting Praise & Criticism

A. Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.


1.23

1. What do the tourists say about Sawats English?


..
2. Do the tourists criticise or praise Sawat?

B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.


1.24
Expression Explanation
Thank you.

! !"
It is very kind of you to say so.

C. 1. The following are criticisms and praises.

Mark P for Praise and C for Criticism.

1) You are very helpful.

2) I cant understand what you are saying.

3) Why do you keep taking us around old temples?

4) This journey is taking ages.

22 
  10/08/2007
5) I really enjoyed seeing the lovely gardens.

6) Its too hot in this bus.

7) Id like to give you a tip.

2. Now choose one of the responses below and match to the sentences above.
Write your answer in the space provided.

a) Thank you very much.


b) Im sorry. Ill turn the air-conditioning up.
c) Youre welcome.
d) Im sorry. It wont be long now.
e) Im so glad to hear that.
f) Im sorry. I will try to speak more clearly.
g) Im sorry if you are not enjoying it, but much of Thai culture is based
on Buddhism, and these historical temples are part of the tour.

3. Now listen to the correct responses and repeat.


1.25

Tips:
When a tourist gives you a compliment, you must show your gratitude by thanking,
not just smiling.
You must not criticise your tourists.

23 
  10/08/2007
D. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
1.26

Expression Explanation
Thank you very much.
Youre welcome. 
! !"
Im so glad to hear that.
Im sorry. Action to be taken. 
! !"$& -0 (  ! $& (
e.g. Im sorry. Ill turn the music down. %

Im sorry if + problem and explanation. 


! !"$& -0   % )* !$
e.g. Im sorry if Im boring you, but I  35 ( & (  " 6$! ($
$
think it will help you enjoy the show
more.

E. Role-play
Take turns acting as a tour guide and a tourist giving praise and
criticism, and responding appropriately.

24 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.
1.23

Mr Werner: So, Sawat, are you from Chiang Mai?


Guide: No, I was born in Chiang Rai, but I work here.
Ms LeBlanc: How long have you worked for Lanna Travel?
Guide: For almost 4 years.
Mr Werner: Your English is very good.
Guide: Thank you. I have studied hard, but I still
make mistakes sometimes.
Ms LeBlanc: No, really you have excellent pronunciation.
Guide: Its very kind of you to say so.

Now listen to the correct responses and repeat.


1.25

1) You are very helpful


c) Youre welcome.

2) I cant understand what you are saying.


f) Im sorry. I will try to speak more clearly.

3) Why do you keep taking us around old temples?


g) Im sorry if you are not enjoying it, but much of Thai culture is based
on Buddhism, and these historical temples are part of the tour.

4) This journey is taking ages.


d) Im sorry. It wont be long now.

5) I really enjoyed seeing the lovely gardens.


e) Im so glad to hear that.

6) Its too hot in this bus.


b) Im sorry. Ill turn the air-conditioning up.

7) Id like to give you a tip.


a) Thank you very much.

25 
  10/08/2007
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 6: Dealing with Complaints

A. Listen to the following conversation, and fill in the missing words.


1.27

Guide: Good morning, Mr Werner, Miss Le Blanc.


We will check out of the hotel this morning,
and then start our day by visiting some local farms.
Did you have a pleasant evening?

Ms LeBlanc: Well actually no. I have to 1________________________


about the hotel.

Guide: Why? 2________________________with the hotel?

Ms LeBlanc: Well, my first complaint is that I asked for a non-smoking


room, but when they showed me to my room it smelt
strongly of smoke.

Guide: Oh dear, 3________________________.


Did you complain to the hotel staff?

Ms LeBlanc: Yes, I did, and they apologized and moved me to another


room.

Guide: So 4________________________?

Ms LeBlanc: No, it wasnt. I have another complaint. The room they


moved me to was quite dirty and had no towels in the
bathroom. So I had to complain again.

Guide: So 5________________________?

Ms LeBlanc: They sent someone to clean the room and bring fresh towels.

Guide: Well, 6________________________. I will speak to


them myself and 7________________________

Ms LeBlanc: Good, because they need to improve their service.

26 
  10/08/2007
B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
1.28

Expression Explanation
What is wrong (with .)? 1 (  !% ,$( &
Im sorry to hear that.  " ,4 &3 7+ $ %4 
So that was okay then? 1 (
& !37+  ! %& 35 ( &
  
What happened? 11437+  $ %4 
Im really sorry you have had % )*    
  #$+!37+
this experience.
I will make sure it doesnt     !3  & $ 37+   
happen again.

C. Role-play
Work with a partner. You are a tour guide and your partner is a
tourist. Take turns dealing with the complaints in the following
situations. Use the expressions studied appropriately.

1. The driver of the bus plays the music too loud and he also drives in a
dangerous way.

2. The tourist has had fried chicken and rice three times in different
restaurants chosen by the tour guide and wants something different to eat.
He/she also doesnt want to pay for a bottle of water and thinks a glass of
water should be free with the meal.

Tips:
Do not smile when a tourist makes a complaint. He will think you are not taking him
seriously enough, and will get more upset.

27 
  10/08/2007
Script

A. Listen to the following conversation, and fill in the missing words.


1.27

Guide: Good morning, Mr Werner, Miss Le Blanc. We will check out of


the hotel this morning, and then start our day by visiting some
local farms. Did you have a pleasant evening?

Ms LeBlanc: Well actually no. I have to make a complaint about the hotel.

Guide: Why? Whats wrong with the hotel?

Ms LeBlanc: Well, my first complaint is that I asked for a non-smoking room,


but when they showed me to my room it smelt strongly of smoke.

Guide: Oh dear, Im sorry to hear that.


Did you complain to the hotel staff?

Ms LeBlanc: Yes, I did, and they apologised and moved me to another room.

Guide: So that was okay then?

Ms LeBlanc: No, it wasnt. I have another complaint. The room they moved me
to was quite dirty and it had no towels in the bathroom. So I had
to complain again.

Guide: So what happened?

Ms LeBlanc: They sent someone to clean the room and bring fresh towels.

Guide: Well, Im really sorry you have had this bad experience. I will
speak to them myself and I will make sure it doesnt happen
again.

Ms LeBlanc: Good, because they need to improve their service.

28 
  10/08/2007
MODULE I
Social Interaction
Lesson 7: Coping with Emergencies

A. Listen to the following conversation.


1.29

) your understanding by choosing the correct explanation.


Check (
1.  The tourists cannot visit the famous temple today.
2.  The famous temple is closed because it is a public holiday.
3.  The tourists are going to see a mob.
4.  The guide is taking the tourists to an alternative temple.

B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.


1.30

Expression Explanation
I have an important announcement (,  &% ,"+
to make.
Im afraid there needs to be a & 3 3#    $
change of plan.
We were planning to ., but ..  14  $  

  3 3
I am really sorry about this. % )* ! 3 3
The situation is beyond our  6$! 35 
 $
control.

C. Role-play
Work with a partner. You are a tour guide, prepare an announcement
to present to the tourists.
A plans an announcement for situation 1.
B plans an announcement for situation 2.

Situation 1:
A car has crashed into the tour bus the bus is damaged and cannot be driven
anymore. Tell your passengers that you have telephoned for a replacement to
come but it will take 2 hours to get there. Offer some drinks while they wait for the
new bus.

.
.

29 
  10/08/2007
Situation 2:
You have just arrived at the Night Safari. The police have told you that there was
a fire and the staff are busy cleaning the place. Therefore, the Night Safari is
closed today. Tell your tourists the bad news and suggest an alternative.

.
.

D. Read the following conversation. Fill in the blanks with the words in the
box.

hospital tissues sick collapsed help worse

Man: Come quickly! My wife needs 1__________

Guide: What happened? Is she 2_________?

Man: We were just sitting talking when she went pale and 3________.

Guide: Is she still unconscious?

Man: No, she is moaning and says she feels sick and wants to vomit.

Guide: I will get you some water and 4__________ and a plastic bag
to vomit in. Here you are.

Woman: Thank you.

Guide: How do you feel now?

Woman: I feel a little dizzy and still nauseous.

Guide: Do you want us to take you to the 5________?

Woman: No, its OK, I think I will be alright. It was probably just a touch
of heat stroke; it has been very hot in the sun today.

Guide: Well, if you feel any 6________, you must let me know.

Woman: Yes, I will. Thank you.

Listen and check your answers.


1.31

Tips:
Show great concern and eagerness to help when a tourist is sick. Remember to
ask what the tourist needs first. After the tourist has recovered, show your
concern by asking how he/she is feeling.

30 
  10/08/2007
E. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
1.32

Expression Explanation
What happened? 11437+  $ %4 
Is he/she + adjective? 1 
I will get you ! $&  (  
How do you feel now? 1 "
Do you want me to ?   "  ($
$
If you feel any worse, you  "   "  ($
$
must let me know.

Additional Expression

Expression Explanation
Can/ May I help you?
What can I do for you?
  " 
Is there anything (else) I can do for you?
Can I get you?

F. Study the following vocabulary and the meaning. Then practise


1.33 pronouncing them after the CD.

Vocabulary Meaning
sick !
pale  8
to collapse     
unconscious  
$
moaning  " +" 
to vomit  &
dizzy $ 
nauseous " 
a touch of heat stroke   (  / 

31 
  10/08/2007
32 
  10/08/2007
G. Match with the pictures below with the sentences describing the symptoms.

a) b) c)

d) e) f)

g) h) i)

1. He has an itchy neck. ..


2. He has a stomach ache. ..
3. He is vomiting. ..
4. He has a mosquito bite. ..
5. He has a sore knee. ..
6. She is feeling dizzy. ..
7. He has a broken bone in his leg. ..
8. He has a headache. ..
9. He has diarrhea. ..

Listen to check your answers and repeat.


1.34

33 
  10/08/2007
H. 1. Match the problems with the correct solutions.
Problem Solution
1) I asked for vegetarian food and a) First, make a report to the police,
they have given me meat. and then you must contact your
embassy or consulate as soon as
possible.

2) Ouch! That dog just bit me. b) Why dont you check in the bus
Is it dangerous? first and, if you cant find it, you
should report its loss to the police
for your insurance records.

3) A man on a motorcycle just stole c) It could be. You must go to the


my handbag and my money and hospital to have a rabies shot as
passport are in it. soon as possible.

4) Come quickly. There is a snake in d) I am very sorry.


my room. I will get it changed immediately.

5) Oh no! Ive lost my camera. e) Dont panic; we will try to chase it


Have you seen it anywhere? away.

2. Now listen to the correct responses and repeat.


1.35

I. Role-play
Work with a partner. You are a tour guide. Give some advice on the
following situations.

A: Your partner is a tourist. His/her luggage was on the roof of the


truck and has fallen off during the journey and has been lost.

B: Your partner is a tourist and has twisted his/her ankle on a trek and
cant walk very well.

34 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the following conversation. Check your understanding by
1.29 choosing the correct explanation.

Guide: Excuse me, Ladies and Gentlemen.


I have an important announcement to make.
Im afraid there needs to be a change of plan.
Woman: Why? What happened?
Guide: Well, as you know, we were planning to visit a famous temple this
morning, but we have just been told that there has been a mob of
demonstrators around the area, and for safety reasons we were
advised not to take tourists there.
Woman: Oh no! I was really looking forward to seeing that temple and taking
some photos. My friend told me it is really something.
Guide: Well, Im really sorry about this, but the situation is beyond our
control. So we are going to take you to another beautiful temple
instead, which has some very interesting murals and a lovely view
of the city. I think you will be able to get some good photographs
there as well.
Woman: I suppose so.

Listen and check your answers.


1.31

Man: Come quickly! My wife needs help!


Guide: What happened? Is she sick?
Man: We were just sitting talking when she went pale and collapsed.
Guide: Is she still unconscious?
Man: No, she is moaning and says she feels sick and wants to vomit.
Guide: I will get you some water and tissues and a plastic bag to vomit
in. Here you are.
Woman: Thank you.
Guide: How do you feel now?
Woman: I feel a little dizzy and still nauseous.
Guide: Do you want us to take you to the hospital?
Woman: No, its OK, I think I will be alright. It was probably just a touch of
heat stroke; it has been very hot in the sun today.
Guide: Well, if you feel any worse, you must let me know.
Woman: Yes, I will. Thank you.

35 
  10/08/2007
Listen to check your answers, and repeat.
1.34

a) She is feeling dizzy.


b) He has a broken bone in his leg.
c) He has a mosquito bite.
d) He has a headache.
e) He has a stomach ache.
f) He has diarrhea.
g) He has a sore knee.
h) He is vomiting.
i) He has an itchy neck.

Now listen to the correct responses and repeat.


1.35

1. I asked for vegetarian food and they have given me meat.


d. I am very sorry. I will get it changed immediately.

2. Ouch! That dog just bit me. Is it dangerous?


c. It could be. You must go to the hospital to have a rabies shot as soon as
possible.

3. A man on a motorcycle just stole my handbag and my money and passport


are in it.
a. First, make a report to the police, and then you must contact your embassy or
consulate as soon as possible.

4. Come quickly. There is a snake in my room.


e. Dont panic; we will try to chase it away.

5. Oh no! Ive lost my camera. Have you seen it anywhere?


b. Why dont you check in the bus first and, if you cant find it, you should
report its loss to the police for your insurance records

36 
  10/08/2007
MODULE 1
Social Interaction
Lesson 8: Bidding Farewell

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists


1.36 at the end of the tour. Then complete the conversation.

Tour guide: Well, it has been a great pleasure to serve you these
past few days. 1. .
Tourist 1: Oh, you have done a wonderful job. We really enjoyed the
trip and have learned many new things.
Tour guide: 2. . But if you
have suffered any inconvenience or disappointment, I do
apologise. 3. .
Tourist 2: Don t blame yourself. I think you are an excellent guide.
Youve really taken good care of us. Well definitely
recommend you to our friends.
Tour guide: Thank you very much. Heres my card, in case
4. .
Tourist 2: Thanks.
Tour guide: 5. . Hope to see
you again in the future.
Tourist 1: Thanks. Bye.

Tips:
If you are taking your tourists to the airport or railway station, stay with them until
they have finished checking in or buying their ticket, in case there are any problems
you can assist with.

37 
  10/08/2007
B. Listen and repeat.
3.37
Expression Explanation
It has been a great pleasure to + verb  "
.&  !$ ! 
I hope you had a very good time here.  (  "&
 $    "
  !
Its very kind of you to say so.  "% !"-
! !"
If you have suffered any inconvenience % )* !% !(   $ %4
or disappointment, I do apologise.
I am willing to accept the blame.  " !#$  !
 "#$
Heres my card in case there is anything  "
.&& ! $  "

I can do for you.


Have a safe trip home.    $   $   
"3  1  $ !) 3 '
Hope to see you again in the future.  "& (! ! $
 "

Note:
     .&    
  Goodbye   Bye (   35  )
&  & See you. / See you, soon. / See you tomorrow.
1
"  Good night.
  $      & Goodbye 
  Hope to see you again in
the future.   Have a safe trip home.
 
! !" &&
!  Its (very) kind of you to say so.  &&
!
Do you really think so? Thank you so much.   !"&   ! $ 

! Thank you. Im glad you liked/enjoyed it.

38 
  10/08/2007
C. 1. Match the tour guides response to the tourists speech. There is more
than one suitable response for each speech.

Tourists speech Tour guides response

1. Thank you so much for a. Thanks. Im glad you like it.


helping me.

2. Thats a nice shirt you are b. Goodbye. Have a safe trip.


wearing.

3. Youve really taken care c. It was my pleasure. Goodbye.


of us.

4. I think we have to say d. It was no problem at all. Thats


goodbye. Its time to my job.
board the plane.

5. Well, thanks again. I hope e. No problem. Youre welcome.


to see you again in the
near future.

2. Listen to the answers.


1.38

D. Role-play
Work in pairs.
A is a tour guide.
B is a tourist.
Role-play a farewell scene.

39 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists at the
1.36 end of the tour. Then complete the conversation.

Tour guide: Well, it has been a great pleasure to serve you these past
few days. I hope you had a very good time here.
Tourist 1: Oh, you have done a wonderful job. We really enjoyed the
trip and have learned many new things.
Tour guide: Its very kind of you to say so. But if you have
suffered any inconvenience or disappointment, I do
apologise. I am willing to accept the blame.

Tourist 2: Don t blame yourself. I think you are an excellent guide.


Youve really taken good care of us. Well definitely
recommend you to our friends.
Tour guide: Thank you very much. Heres my card in case there is
anything I can do for you.
Tourist 2: Thanks.
Tour guide: Have a safe trip home. Hope to see you again in the
future.
Tourist 1: Thanks. Bye.

Listen to the answers.


1.38

TOURIST GUIDE
d. It was no problem at all. Thats
1. Thank you so much for helping me. my job.
e. No problem. Youre welcome.
2. Thats a nice shirt you are a. Thanks. Im glad you like it.
wearing.
e. No problem. Youre welcome.
3. Youve really taken care of us. d. It was no problem at all. Thats
my job.
4. I think we have to say goodbye. b. Goodbye. Have a safe trip.
Its time to board the plane.
5. Well, thanks again. I hope to see c. It was my pleasure. Goodbye.
you in the near future.

40 
  10/08/2007
MODULE 2

Giving Information

40
MODULE 2
Giving Information

Lesson 1: Talking about Days and Dates

A. Talking about Days


1. Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing words.
2.1

Guide: Hello?
Tourist: Hello, are you the Tour Guide from Phuket Travel?
Guide: Yes, thats right.
Tourist: You gave us your card on the island tour on a. .

Guide: Oh yes?
Tourist: Wed like to arrange a private tour with you.
Is that possible?
Guide: Where would you like to go?
Tourist: It is our wedding anniversary. Wed like you to arrange a special
romantic day or a cruise for us.
Guide: No problem. Ill arrange a sunset cruise and a candle-lit
dinner for you. When would you like to go?
Tourist: Well, our anniversary is on b. , but we fly back to
Bangkok on that day, so we have to celebrate earlier.
Is c. .possible?

Guide: Im really sorry but I have a large tour group on


d. . What about e. ? Ill be free then.
Tourist: f. is fine.
Guide: Great. Then Ill meet you in your hotel reception at 5
oclock on g. .

2. a. Fill in the missing letters in the names of the Days of the Week.
a) Sunday b) ..... day c) Tuesday d) day
e) Thursday f) .. day g) Saturday

b. Listen to the correct pronunciation of the days and repeat.


2.2

41
3. Study these expressions. Practise putting in different days in the blanks.
For example: What about MONDAY? How about Tuesday, the first?
Expression Explanation
When would you like to (verb)..? 

    
What about ..(day).. ?



How about ..(day).. ?
Ill meet you on (day) 

4. a. In pairs, study the convention programme of the delegates below and


take turns asking and answering the questions.

Rotary Club International


Convention 2006
Convention Programme
Morning Afternoon Evening
Sunday Check-in Cocktail party

Monday Opening City and Temple Convention dinner


ceremony Tour
Tuesday Visit to Talks FREE
Elephant Camp
Wednesday Talks Spa and Dinner at Chinese Restaurant
Shopping and Visit to Simons Cabaret
Thursday Talks FREE Khantoke Dinner & Cultural
Dancing, at Khum Khantoke
Friday Talks Closing Goodbye Party
ceremony
Saturday Check-out Transfer to airport

1) Q. When is the convention dinner? A. Its on Monday evening.


2) Q. When is the City and Temple Tour? A. Its on ...
3) Q. When is the Khantoke Dinner? A. Its on ...
4) Q. When is the closing ceremony? A. Its on ...
5) Q. When is the goodbye party? A. Its on ...
6) Q. When are the delegates free? A. Theyre free on
7) Q. When is the visit to the elephant camp? A. Its on

b. Listen to the answers and repeat.


2.3

42
B. Talking about Dates

1. Listen to the following statements and choose the correct date,


2.4 month and year you hear in each statement.

a.  July 9th
 One night in July

b.  1817
 1870

c.  20/12/2005
 28/12/2005

d.  B.E. 2325
 B.E. 2352

e.  4th Tuesday of October


 4th Thursday of November

2. Practise pronouncing the following.


2.5

a. think three third fourth birthday thirteen thirteenth Thursday

b. the 1st the 2nd the 3rd the 4th the 5th
the 6th the 7th the 8th the 9th the 10th
the 11th the 12th the 20th the 30th the 31st

c. Thursday the thirteenth is my brothers thirtieth birthday.

d. January February March April


May June July August
September October November December

3. Practise saying the following dates.


a. 1/1/2006
b. Monday 19/9/1972
c. Wednesday 12/2/2000
d. 28/8/1753
e. 31/3/1845

Listen to the answers.


2.6

43
Tips:
When telling tourists the year, use A.D. (Year of Christ or Western Year) instead of
B.E. (Buddhist Era). Subtract 543 years from B.E. to get A.D., e.g. B.E. 2549 =
2549 543 = A.D. 2006.
At present, C.E. (Common Era) can replace A.D. which refers to only one religion.
C.E. is considered less interculturally sensitive.

Tips:
The British write date/month/year (30/11/2005)
The Americans write month/date/year (11/30/2005)

Warning: ALWAYS write the month as a word since numbers can create confusion.
For example 5/1/06 could mean the fifth of January OR May the first.

C. . Role-play

In pairs, take turns with one person acting as a tour guide, and
the other as the tourist. Ask questions and give answers about
dates:

For example:

When is the Kings Birthday in Thailand?

What year was the Millenium year?

What month is festival?

44
Script

Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing words.


2.1

Guide: Hello?
Tourist: Hello, are you the Tour Guide from Phuket Travel?
Guide: Yes thats right.
Tourist: You gave us your card on the island tour on Monday.
Guide: Oh yes?
Tourist: Wed like to arrange a private tour with you.
Is that possible?
Guide: Where would you like to go?
Tourist: It is our wedding anniversary. Wed like you to arrange a special
romantic day or a cruise for us.
Guide: No problem. Ill arrange a sunset cruise and a candle-lit
dinner for you. When would you like to go?
Tourist: Well, our anniversary is on Sunday, but we fly back to Bangkok
on that day, so we have to celebrate earlier. Is Saturday
possible?
Guide: Im really sorry but I have a large tour group on Saturday.
What about Friday? Ill be free then.
Tourist: Friday is fine.
Guide: Great. Then Ill meet you in your hotel reception at 5
oclock on Friday.

Listen to the answers and repeat.


2.3

1. Its on Monday evening.


2. Its on Monday afternoon.
3. Its on Thursday evening.
4. Its on Friday afternoon.
5. Its on Friday evening.
6. Theyre free on Tuesday evening and Thursday afternoon.
7. Its on Tuesday morning.

45
Listen to the following statements and choose the correct date, month
2.4 and year you hear in each statement.

a. Mr Brown will arrive at the airport on July the ninth.


b. The monument was built in 1870.
c. The passport was issued on December the twentieth, two thousand and
five.
d. The kingdom was established in twenty-three, twenty-five B.E.
e. The festival is celebrated every fourth Thursday of the eleventh
month.

Practise saying the following dates.


2.6

a. the first of January, two thousand and six or January the first,
two thousand and six
b. Monday the nineteenth of September, nineteen seventy-two
c. Wednesday, the twelfth of February, two thousand or Wednesday,
December the second, two thousand
d. the twenty-eighth of August, seventeen fifty-three
e. the thirty-first of March, eighteen forty-five

46
MODULE 2
Giving Information

Lesson 2 : Talking about Time

A. Fill in the missing words.

What is the time? How many different ways can you say these times?

1. i) Its midnight iii) Its twelve oclock in the afternoon.


ii) Its _______ iv) Its twelve noon.

2. i) Its six oclock in the _________ /in the evening.


ii) Its six a.m. / Its six p.m.

i) Its five fifteen a.m. / p.m.


3.
ii) Its ________ past five in the morning/ in the afternoon.

i) Its one thirty a.m. / ___________


4. ii) Its half past one in the morning/ in the afternoon

i) Its eleven twenty a.m. / p.m.


5. ii) Its ______________ eleven in the morning/evening.

47
Listen and draw the time on the clock.
2.7

1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6.

B. Practise using different ways to tell the time, e.g. half-past eleven in the
morning, or eleven-thirty a.m.

1. Tourist: Are we leaving soon?


Guide: We are leaving at ..

2. Tourist: What time are we going to have lunch?


Guide: At about .

3. Tourist: When will the train arrive?


Guide: It should arrive at ..

4. Tourist: What time does the fitness centre open?


Guide: It opens at

5. Tourist: When does the beauty salon close?


Guide: It closes at

48
C. Study the information below. Then answer the questions you hear.
2.8

Museums and Places of Interest in Chiang Mai


OPEN CLOSE DAYS OF THE WEEK

The National
Museum
9:00 am 4:30 pm Open from
Wednesday to Sunday

The Tribal
9:00 am 5:00 pm Open from
Museum
Tuesday to Sunday

The Museum
of World 9:00 am 7:00 pm
Open Daily
Insects

Chiang Mai
8:30 am 5:00 pm
Zoo Open Daily

Twilight Zoo 6:30 pm 9:00 pm

1. It opens at .

2. It closes at .

3. It is open from to .

4. It opens from to .

5. It closes .

6. It closes .

Listen and check your answers.


2.9

49
D. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
2.10

Expression Explanation
What time .?  
When .?
It opens/closes/starts at..
or At   !
 
It is open from to ..

Tips:
When telling the time, use a.m. and p.m.
A.M. is used from 00:01 to 12:00 noon.
P.M. is used from 12:01 to 12:00 midnight.
Avoid using the twenty-four hour clock in telling the time as it might be confusing.

E. Role-play
Study the programme below and role-play being a tour guide and
a tourist asking for and giving information.

Phuket Simon Show times:


Cabaret
Tour Rate Twice daily
(including pick up
at your hotel) at 7.30 p.m. and 9.30 pm.
650 Baht per adult
450 Baht per child
Phuket FantaSea Park Operating Hours:
Show 17:30 p.m. 23:30 p.m.
Shows + Dinner
1500 adult 1100 child Daily except Tuesday and
Thursday
Shows Only
1000 adult 700 child (If Tuesday or Thursday is
a public holiday, park may
Dinner Only
open as normal)
700 adult 500 child
Buffet: 18:00 20:30
Transfer from hotel
200 adult 100 child
Showtime: 21:00

Now listen to the sample.


2.11

50
Script

Listen and draw the time on the clock.


2.7

1. Its five forty-five p.m.

2. Its ten past three in the afternoon.

3. Its half-past ten.

4. Its a quarter past eleven.

5. Its twenty to noon.

6. Its eight oclock.

Answer the questions you hear.


2.8

Question 1: What time does the National Museum open?

Question 2: What time does the National Museum close?

Question 3: Between what time/ when is the Tribal Museum open?

Question 4: When does Chiang Mai Zoo open?

Question 5: When does the Tribal Museum close?

Question 6: When does the Museum of World Insects close?

Listen and check your answers.


2.9

Answer 1: It opens at nine oclock in the morning.

Answer 2: It closes at four thirty in the afternoon.


or It closes at half-past four in the afternoon.

Answer 3: Its open from nine a.m. to five p.m.

Answer 4: It opens from eight thirty in the morning to five oclock


in the afternoon.

Answer 5: It closes at five in the afternoon.

Answer 6: It closes at seven p.m. / at seven oclock in the evening.

51
Now listen to the sample.
2.11

1. Q: What time does Simon Cabaret start?


A: It starts at half-past seven in the evening.

2. Q: What days is Simon Cabaret shown?


A: Every day.

3. Q: When does the Fanta Sea Park open?


A: It opens at half past five in the afternoon.

4. Q: What time does the FantaSea Show start?


A: It starts at nine p.m.

5. Q: What time does the FantaSea Park close?


A: It closes at eleven-thirty p.m.

6. Q: What time does the buffet end?


A: It ends at eight-thirty p.m.

52
MODULE 2
Giving Information

Lesson 3: Talking about Distance, Area, and Length of Time

A. Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing detail.


2.12

Guide: Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen. On todays Amazing


Thailand tour we are going to travel to the Khao Sok
National Park. It is a valuable conservation area in
Thailand.
Tourist: Is it very big?
Guide: Yes, it covers an area of 1.____________________.
Tourist: Thats huge. What are we going to see?
Guide: Some incredibly beautiful and unspoiled scenery.
There are a lot of mountains with dense forests surrounding
a beautiful lake with over 100 islands, created by the
Cheaw Larn Dam.
Tourist: It sounds wonderful. Is it far from here?
Guide: Its about 2.____________________here.

Tourist: So how long will it take?


Guide: About 3.____________________, but it is well worth the
long journey.

53
Picture
B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
2.13

Expression Explanation
Is it very big?  "#

It covers an area of square  "#
(%& ' )
kilometres.
Is it far?  ) **)
Its about . kilometres from here.   '%+
How long will it take?  
  
(It will take) about (an hour)/ . hours.  '%+

C. Listen to these additional expressions and repeat.


2.14

Expression Explanation
How big is it?  "#

How far is it?   
How long will it take?  
  
It takes/will take .(time). by car /  
  
by bus / by train / by plane / by boat / ',
)-
on foot.

D. 1. Listen and practice pronouncing the following words and phrases.


2.15

a. 340,000 rai or 550 km2


b. about 100 kms
c. 1 hr. and 30 min.
d. a couple of hours
e. 871 kms.

2. Use the expressions in B and C to ask questions for the answers in D1.

E. Role-play
In pairs, think of a place you know well in terms of area, distance
from a certain place and the length of travelling time. Take turns
being a tourist and a tour guide asking and answering questions
to exchange the information.

54
Script

Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing detail.


2.12

Guide: Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen. On todays Amazing


Thailand tour we are going to travel to the Khao Sok
National Park. It is a valuable conservation area in
Thailand.
Tourist: Is it very big?
Guide: Yes, it covers an area of seven hundred and thirty-nine
square kilometres.
Tourist: Thats huge. What are we going to see?
Guide: Some incredibly beautiful and unspoiled scenery.
There are a lot of mountains with dense forests surrounding
a beautiful lake with over 100 islands, created by the
Cheaw Larn Dam.
Tourist: It sounds wonderful. Is it far from here?
Guide: Its about one hundred kilometres from here.
Tourist: So how long will it take?
Guide: About two hours, but it is well worth the long journey.

Listen and practise pronouncing the following words and phrases.


2.15

a. three hundred and forty thousand rai or five hundred and fifty
square kilometres.
b. about one hundred kilometres
c. an hour and a half
d. a couple hours
e. eight hundred and seventy one kilometres

55
MODULE 2
Giving Information
Lesson 4: Talking about the Weather

A. Listen to the statements.


2.16

Tick () the weather mentioned, and cross ( X ) the one(s) not mentioned.

1 2 3

4 5 6

B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.


2.17
Expression Explanation
Its bright and sunny.
Its cloudy.
Its chilly.
Its windy.
Its raining.
Its raining cats and dogs. .+/0 )-
(= Its raining heavily and continuously.)
Its snowing.
Its blowing a gale.
(= A strong wind is blowing.)
Its a bit overcast.

56
C. Listen to the following weather forecast.
2.18

Tick () the correct information, and cross ( X ) the wrong information.

1) There might be thunderstorms on Friday.

2) The lowest temperature is below 30oC.

3) Saturday will be hot and sunny.

4) It will be sunny on Sunday afternoon.

5) It will be windy on Sunday.

D. Task
You are a tour guide. Tell the tourists about the weather.
Use the expressions studied.

Start like this:-


Good morning, let me tell you about the
weather.
INCLUDE:
This morning
This afternoon
This evening
and/or
Tomorrow

E. Additional Vocabulary/ Expression

Vocabulary/Expression Meaning
fog 
thunderstorm "123!
frost #! 045
hail 65
humid #
Its misty. /*)

Its hazy.

57
Script
Listen to the statements. Tick (
) the weather mentioned, and cross ( X )
2.16 the one (s) not mentioned.

Brr. Put the heating on. Its very very chilly today.
Oh no! I think you are going to need an umbrella. Its raining cats and
dogs out there!
Good news for our trip to the beach. I heard it is going to be bright
and sunny day today.
And here is the weather forecast for central Thailand tomorrow. It is
going to be overcast and cloudy in most areas.

Listen to the following weather forecast. Tick (


) the correct information,
2.18 and cross ( X ) the wrong information.

Good morning and here is your weather forecast for the weekend.
There are some heavy rain clouds heading our way, so on Friday well see
lots of thunderstorms and the temperature can go down to 27o Celsius.

But on Saturday we will have a lot of sunshine and the temperature


can go up to 35o C. It will continue to be sunny on Sunday morning, but we
expect the afternoon to be cloudy and windy.

58
MODULE 2
Giving Information
Lesson 5: Talking about an Itinerary

A. Listen to the plan of the tour described by the tour guide and fill in
2.19 the missing information in the itinerary.

07:45 Meet in the hotel lobby.

08:00 Leave the hotel.

08:20 1. at Maharaj Pier


and 2. down the Chao
Phraya River.

3. Arrive at the famous Phra Samut


Chedi Klang Nam, island
pagoda. 4. around the
temple.

11:30 5. the statue of King


Rama V at Chulachomklao Fort,
a historical Royal Navy ship and
the Chao Phraya Delta where
the river emerges into the sea.

12:00 6. to the Ancient City


in Samutprakarn for lunch.
After lunch, tour around the
Ancient City, a 320 acre open-air
museum of the restorations of
important buildings around
Thailand.

15:00 7. Asias largest


Crocodile Farm, and 8.
the shows.

17:00 Return to the hotel.

59
B. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
2.20

Expression Explanation
to meet in the hotel lobby
to leave the hotel
to cruise down the river
to tour around the temple   
to view the statue Verb + Object
to board a coach "  7
7  
to visit a crocodile farm
to enjoy the shows
to return to the hotel

Study these time expressions.


Time Expression Explanation
before + noun / e.g. before noon
subject + verb e.g. before we leave the
hotel
 
about + specific time / e.g. about 10:30
period of time e.g. about two hours
 
after + noun / e.g. after lunch time expressions
subject + verb e.g. after we have lunch "   
by + specific time e.g. by six p.m.. 7 )- )
 
first / then / after that / next / finally
+ subject + verb.
e.g. First, we will take a boat.

Tips:
When describing an itinerary, apart from mentioning activities and approximate times,
include a short description of the place so that tourists will get the overall picture of
the trip. However, do not overwhelm the tourists with too much information in
advance. Keep it for later.

60
C. Complete the following script of a tour guides description of an itinerary
using the time expressions you have learnt.

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Today were going to have a very
busy, but enjoyable day. 1._______ , well visit Doi Suthep Temple, which is
very highly respected by Buddhists all over Thailand, and a symbol of Chiang
Mai. It is on top of Suthep mountain, so we can enjoy a panoramic view of the
city. 2.________, well go to Phu Phing Palace, which is the Royal Winter
Palace of the King of Thailand. 3._________ , well make a stop at the Hmong
Tribal Village Doi Pui, to observe the culture and lifestyle of the Hmong
Hilltribe. We will return to the city to have lunch at a local restaurant.
In the afternoon, well explore three important temples in the city.
4._______, well spend some time shopping for local products at the OTOP
Shop. 5._________, well return to the hotel to prepare for Khan Toke dinner
in the evening.

Now listen to the answers.


2.21

D. Role-play
1. A: You are a tour guide. Describe itinerary A to the tourist, by using
the map below.

Itinerary A. Walking Tour of Bangkok. Golden Mount to Giant Swing.

61
B: You are a tourist. Take notes of the time and activities
described by the tour guide.
TIME ACTIVITIES

2. A: You are a tourist. Take notes of the time and activities


described by the tour guide.

TIME ACTIVITIES

B: You are a tour guide. Describe itinerary B to the tourist, by


using the map below.

Itinerary B. Walking Tour of Chinatown, Bangkok.

62
Script

Listen to the plan of the tour described by the tour guide and fill in the
2.19 missing information in the itinerary.

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Before we leave the hotel, let
me tell you briefly what we are going to do today. First, well take a boat at
Maharaj Pier and cruise down the Chao Phraya River. You can enjoy the life of
local people along both sides of the River. About 10.30, well arrive at Phra
Samut Chedi, which is a pagoda on a small island, looking like it floating. Well
spend an hour touring around the temple. Then well get back on board the
boat which will take us to the Chao Phraya Delta, where the River emerges into
the sea. Well view the Statue of King Rama V at Chulachomklao Fort and a
historical Royal Navy ship. After that, well board the coach to go to the
Ancient City in Samutprakarn for lunch. After lunch, youll have about two
hours to appreciate the restorations of important buildings around Thailand
there. On the way back to the hotel, well visit Asias largest Crododile Farm
where you can enjoy the shows and buy some crocodile products. Well arrive
at the hotel by six p.m.

Complete the following script of a tour guides description of an


2.21 itinerary, using the time expressions you have learnt.

Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Today were going to have a very
busy, but enjoyable day. First, well visit Doi Suthep Temple, which is very
highly-respected by Buddhists all over Thailand, and a symbol of Chiang Mai.
It is on top of Suthep mountain, so we can enjoy a panoramic view of the city.
After that, well go to the Phu Phing Palace, which is the Royal Winter Palace
of the king of Thailand. Then, well make a stop at the Hmong Tribal Village
Doi Pui to observe the culture and lifestyle of the Hmong Hilltribe. Well
return to the city to have lunch at a local restaurant.
In the afternoon, well explore three important temples in the city.
Next, well spend some time shopping for local products at the OTOP shop.
Finally, well return to the hotel to prepare for Khan Toke dinner in the
evening.

63
MODULE 3

Exploring
the City
and Visiting Temples
MODULE 3
Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 1: Describing a City

A. The following information is useful for tour guides to either


respond to the tourists questions or to inform them.

Read and think of possible questions from tourists that


can be answered by using the following information.
_________________________________________________

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is situated on the east bank of the Chao Phraya
River, in the central plain, covering over 1,500 square kilometres.

The population of Bangkok is about ten million and it is still increasing. There are
many different races and religions living in harmony in the city.

Bangkok, like other provinces in Thailand, has three seasons: the hot season, the
rainy season and winter.

The hottest months are normally March and April, with temperatures rising to 40
Celsius.

The wettest month is September, but floods can be expected in October when the
ground has reached full saturation.

From mid December to mid January, some cool mornings may be possible.

Questions:

..

65
B. Listen and practise pronouncing the following words and phrases.
3.1
Vocabulary Meaning
capital 
to be situated
 
on the east bank of ..(river).. 
 ...( )...
the central plain !"#
a square kilometre
!$%
!
population &!'!
a race ' '
$
religion ()
a province *  +
a season ,+
temperature -."$

C. Listen to the following expressions and repeat.


3.2
Expression Explanation
What is ..? /0 1&
e.g. What is Lamphun? 200 1&
Its .?
e.g. Its a small province in the North of Thailand.
In what part of Thailand is (place). situated? /  

(Whereabouts in Thailand is (place) situated?)
It is situated in the central plain. !!  

How big is (place)? /+
Its . square kilometres. !!  +
What is the population of (place)? /  &!'!
About . people live in (place). * 200  
The majority are Buddhists.
&!'!
Christians are in the minority.
How far is (place) from (place)? /! 
Its . kilometres from (place). ! 
Its a . -hour drive from (place).
What is the weather like in (place)? /  (
Its (adjective).
e.g. Its hot and humid. !!   3.(
What is it famous for? / 3.+!#)# 4
Its famous/well-known for . !!   3.+ !#)# 4
Its known as

66
Tips:
 Foreign tourists might not be familiar with the word province. It equals city or town in
western culture. There are 76 provinces in Thailand, with several districts and subdistricts.
 When pronouncing Thai names, keep the Thai pronunciation. Do not make them sound
English.

D. Read the information about three provinces in Thailand and:


1. enter the information under the correct heading in the table.
2. in pairs, practise asking and answering the questions using the expressions in C.

a. Phuket
862 km. from Bangkok
island in the Andaman Sea
250,000 people (65% Buddhists, 35% Muslims)
hot and wet (November to February: sunny & cool)
543 km2
Pearl of the Andaman, beautiful beaches and abundant
marine life.
west coast of southern Thailand

Name
Location
Size
Population
Distance
Weather
Special Feature(s)

b. Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat)


Gateway to the Northeast
hot and dry (December-January: cool in morning)
260 km. from Bangkok
province of Khmer ruins
2,000,000 people
Thailands largest province: 21,252 km2
northeastern plateau

Name
Location
Size
Population
Distance
Weather
Special Feature(s)

67
c. Chiang Rai

morning: cool, afternoon: hot


11,678 km2
1,000,000 people
Thailands northernmost province
580 metres above sea level
colourful hilltribes, Golden Triangle, border crossing
785 km. from Bangkok
North of Thailand

Name
Location
Size
Population
Distance
Weather
Special Feature(s)

Tips:
When giving information to a single tourist, address him/her as Sir and Madam.
We are now approaching Nakhon Ratchasima, also known as Korat, Sir
Chiang Rai is Thailands northernmost province, Madam
However, if there is a group you should address them as Ladies and Gentlemen.
For example, Ladies and Gentlemen, we will soon be arriving at Phuket.

E. Task
Individual Work
Prepare some information about your hometown or a province you
know well, and describe it to the class.

68
MODULE 3
Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 2: Talking about History

A. Listen and fill in the missing words.


3.3

Bangkok 1.__________________________ in 1782 by King Rama I,


founder of the 2.__________________________, who decided to move
the capital city from Thonburi on the west bank of the Chao Phraya
River to Bangkok on the east bank, as the city of Thonburi was too
vulnerable to attack.

Since the founding of Bangkok, there have been nine kings


3.__________________________ for more than 200 years. However,
it was not until 1932, under the reign of King Rama VII, that
4.__________________________ ended, and the country moved towards
5.__________________________.

At present, the country is ruled under a 6.__________________________,


of which the King is the Head (of the country).

Bangkok 7.__________________________, the Venice of the East


because there were a lot of canals, or klongs, as the main means of
transportation. However, due to the growth of the population and the
extensive 8._________________________ in the second half of the 19th
century, most canals were replaced by roads.

Old row houses 9.__________________________high-rise condominiums


and office buildings. Rapid development has brought about numerous
problems such as pollution and traffic jams.

69
B. Listen and repeat the words and phrases.
3.4

Vocabulary Meaning
to be founded 1+0! !)/& !

founder 50)/&
the Chakri Dynasty !'(6* !
reigning &#!
absolute monarchy !)!.4)$7$!' 6
democracy !&!'7$&1

constitutional democracy !&!'7$&1
" 2
0! 87!!4
modernization !20 )
to make way for 20

C. Listen to the following expressions and repeat.


3.5

Expression Explanation
King Rama I decided to move to Bangkok.
Absolute monarchy ended in 1932. 2'0 past simple (V2)
Bangkok used to be called the Venice of the East.
There were lots of canals.
!!  
-!.62+

Old row houses made way for high rise buildings.

Bangkok was founded in 1782. 2'0 passive voice (be + V3)


Most canals were replaced by roads.

0!0!!!)$
The country is ruled under a constitutional
democracy. $+9 

Since the founding of Bangkok, there have been nine 2'0 present perfect tense
kings reigning for more than 200 years. (has/have + V3)
Rapid development has brought about/ has caused /9
-!.6$+9 2
numerous/ many problems. +

/9&**- 

Tips:
 Always use ordinal numbers for the Kings, eg King Rama I = King Rama the first.
 Dont overwhelm tourists with too many names, dates and figures or else they will
become bored or confused. Try to say things like:
. under the reign of the king at that time
or absolute monarchy ended over 70 years ago

70
D. Below is a guides description of the history of Chiang Mai to a group of
tourists. Change the verbs in parenthesis ( ) into the correct form.

Ladies and Gentlemen.

We are now approaching Chiang Mai, one of the most important cities in the
North of Thailand.

Let me begin by telling you briefly about its history.

Many years ago, three northern kings, 1.___________(decide) to choose a


fertile plain between Doi Suthep and the Ping River, as the site for a new city.

As a result, in 1296, the city of Chiang Mai


2.____________(found).

The city 3._______________(surround) by a moat


and walls.

King Mengrai, the first king of Chiang Mai 4.____________(be)


a civilized patron of arts and religion who 5.____________(build)
a lot of wats (wat is the Thai for temple) and monuments.

Chiang Mai 6.____________(become) its most prosperous during the 45-year


reign of King Tilokaraja.

However, as a result of a continuous war, in 1558, Chiang Mai


7.___________(occupy) by the Burmese which lasted for over 200 years, and
8.____________ (reclaim) by King Taksin of Thonburi in 1774.

Thonburi, and later Bangkok, 9.____________(appoint) many princes to rule


over Chiang Mai. The last ruler 10.____________(be) Chao Kaewnavarat.

In 1939, Bangkok 11.__________(appoint) the first Governor for Chiang Mai.

Now check your answers by listening to the CD.


3.6

71
E. Read the following information about Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. Then take
notes under the headings given.

Sukhothai

Sukhothai was the first capital of Thailand, which was founded in 1238 by
two Thai chieftains.
The name Sukhothai means Dawn of Happiness, as the era was referred to
as Thailands golden age, lasting 200 years.
During the reign of King Ramkamhaeng, Sukhothai prospered in terms of
military skills, arts, culture, literature and religion. The evidences are the
invention of the Thai alphabet, and the announcement of Buddhism as the
national religion.
However, the kingdoms gentle rule and religious focus led to its gradual
decline and it became a part of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya in the 15th
century.

Sukhothai

year of founding

meaning of city name

name of greatest king

significance of his reign

decline of kingdom

72
Ayutthaya

Ayutthaya was Thailands capital for 417 years, having 34 kings from 1350 to
1767 AD.

Ayutthayas kings were considered Gods, or Avatars of Vishnu, leading to the


creation of a hierarchical social system of ranks and titles.

King Narai encouraged relations with Western superpowers such as Holland


and France. Ayutthaya was the greatest era of international trade in early
Thai history.

Ayutthaya fell under Burmese rule twice, in 1569 and 1767. King Naresuan
gained back the independence of Ayutthaya in 1584. Unfortunately, the
kingdom had been completely robbed and the damage was beyond restoration.
King Taksin, therefore, had to move the capital to Thonburi after he had won
the city back from the second occupation of the Burmese.

Ayutthaya

year of founding

duration of kingdom

social system

names of greatest kings and their


significance.

 Cover the scripts and use only your notes to practise presenting the
history of the two capitals.

73
Script
Listen and fill in the missing words.
3.3

Bangkok was founded in 1782 by King Rama I, founder of the


Chakri Dynasty, who decided to move the capital city from Thonburi on
the west bank of the Chao Phraya River to Bangkok on the east bank,
as the city of Thonburi was too vulnerable to attack.

Since the founding of Bangkok, there have been nine kings reigning
for more than 200 years. However, it was not until 1932, under the reign
of King Rama VII, that absolute monarchy ended, and the country moved
towards democracy.

At present, the country is ruled under a constitutional democracy, of which


the King is the Head (of the country).

Bangkok used to be called, the Venice of the East because there were a lot
of canals, or klongs, as the main means of transportation. However, due to
the growth of the population and the extensive modernization in the second
half of the 19th century, most canals were replaced by roads.

Old row houses made way for high-rise condominiums and office buildings.
Rapid development has brought about numerous problems such as pollution
and traffic jams.

74
Now check your answers.
3.6

Ladies and Gentlemen.

We are now approaching Chiang Mai, one of the most important cities in the
North of Thailand.

Let me begin by telling you briefly about its history.

Many years ago, three northern kings decided to choose a fertile plain between
Doi Suthep and the Ping River, as the site for a new city.

As a result, in 1296, the city of Chiang Mai was founded.

The city was surrounded by a moat and walls.

King Mengrai, the first king of Chiang Mai was a civilized patron of arts and
religion who built a lot of wats and monuments.

Chiang Mai became its most prosperous during the 45-year reign of King
Tilokaraja.

However, as a result of a continuous war, in 1558, Chiang Mai was occupied by


the Burmese which lasted for over 200 years, and was reclaimed by King Taksin
of Thonburi in 1774.

Thonburi, and later Bangkok, appointed many princes to rule over Chiang Mai.
The last ruler was Chao Kaewnavarat.

In 1939, Bangkok appointed the first Governor for Chiang Mai.

75
MODULE 3
Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 3: Visiting the Grand Palace

A. Listen to the conversation and take notes of the things tourists


3.7 should do and should not do when visiting the Grand Palace.

Should  Should not 

Tips:
 When telling tourists what they should or should not do, always give reasons.
 Avoid touching the tourists as they might be offended.

B. Listen and repeat these words and phrases.


3.8

Vocabulary Meaning
to dress politely 
 )-":
tops with straps ) ) + 
bare shoulders & 1
shorts ) 
miniskirts !%&!) 
trousers  
shirts with sleeves ) 
sandals !0

sarongs 50-

76
C. Listen to the following expressions and repeat.
3.9

Expression Explanation
You should ..
e.g You should dress politely. 2'0 should )$#! 
should not )$1#!
You shouldnt .
e.g. You shouldnt wear tops with
straps.

D. Additional Vocabulary
3.10 Listen and practise the pronunciation.

Vocabulary Meaning
tank tops/tube tops ) 
knee-torn jeans  )6 +
jean shorts with fringes  )6)  ' !-
sleeveless tops ) -+
open-toed sandals !0

flip flops !0; 

E. Role-play
You are a tour guide, and your classmates are tourists. Tell the
tourists what they should do or shouldnt do at the Grand Palace.
You can add some new ideas of your own.

77
F. Read the information about the Grand Palace and study the vocabulary in G
and expressions in H.

The Grand Palace was built in 1782 when King Rama I founded the Chakri
Dynasty and made Bangkok the capital. It was once the residence of the
King and the administrative centre of the Kingdom.

The Palace is divided into three sections:

the Outer Palace is located in the north,


the Middle Palace is at the centre, and
the Inner Palace is to the south.

The Outer Palace consists of the Temple of the Emerald Buddha to the east
and the administrative offices to the west. The principal palace buildings
are in the Middle Palace. The Inner Palace houses the Royal Residences and
dwellings of the Ladies of the Court. In the past, men were not allowed to
enter this section.

Today, only some buildings are used by Their Majesties.

G. Listen and repeat these words and phrases.


3.11

Vocabulary Meaning
residence &! 
administrative centre ( 6!!$!!'!5+$
principal palace buildings :! 
to house &<
/ &!+$38
dwellings :
Ladies of the Court 0!'!$:!> 2

78
H. Study the following expressions and how to use them.

Expression Explanation
2'0 passive voice 2!&+

The Grand Palace was built in 1782.


(be + v3) :!-)!0

King Rama I founded the Chakri Dynasty. 2'0 past simple


He made Bangkok the capital. /950)!0

The Outer Palace is located to the north.


2'0 preposition + 

The Middle Palace is at the centre.
:

The Inner Palace is to the south.

2'0 consist of ! contain


The Outer Palace consists of the Temple
:#6&!
.and the administrative offices.
!%#!)!0)/

In the past, men were not allowed to


2'0 past tense /9
enter this section.
#)# 4)/2+

It was once the residence of ..

Today, only some buildings are used by 2'0 present tense /9
Their Majesties. #)# 4)/2&**-

Tips:
In describing a place, the information to be given to tourists includes the year of
construction or establishment, the name of the founder, the purpose and the location.
The present use of the place may also be mentioned.

79
I. Describe the following Phra Thi Nang (buildings or halls used by the King)
in the Grand Palace, using the expressions in H and the information given.

1. Phra Thi Nang Amarin Winitchai


- in the Middle Palace
- contains two thrones
- past: The Principal Audience Hall where officials
of state and foreign ambassadors were received
- present: same function + used for the Annual Consecration Day
ceremony. (:!!':$7@
!#)

2. Phra Thi Nang Dusit Maha Prasart


- built in 1790
- has same height and dimensions as Phra Thi Nang Suriyamarin in
Ayutthaya
- in Maha Prasert Group, the west of the Grand Palace
- houses 2 important objects: a wood throne and
a wooden bed decorated with mother-of-pearl
- past: Hall for the Lying-In-State of kings and queens
and honoured members of the Royal Family.
- present: used for royal funerals

3. Phra Thi Nang Chakri Maha Prasart


- built in 1877
- consists of the Central Audience Hall and the east
and west wings
- in the Hall: wooden throne plated with gold and silver,
above the throne the White Nine-tiered
Canopy (Umbrella) (:!(
!@
!)

80
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

Bang Pa-In Palace, Ayutthaya

The Bang Pa-In Palace in Ayutthaya was built in


the reign of King Prasart Thong. First a
monastery was built on Bang Pa-In island, and
then a palace was built to the south of the
monastery. It consists of the Outer Palace and
the Inner Palace. The Outer Palace consists of
buildings for public and ceremonial uses. The
Inner Palace is reserved for the King and his
family. Today the Palace is used occasionally by
Their Majesties as a residence and for holding
receptions and banquets.

Vimanmek Mansion, Bangkok

Vimanmek Mansion in Bangkok, was built as a permanent residence in Dusit


Garden in 1900 by King Rama V. It is the worlds largest golden teakwood
mansion with an elaborate architectural style reflecting Western influences. It
consists of 31 exhibition rooms, with the bedrooms, throne room and bathrooms
maintaining the atmosphere of the Thai past. Today, it has been turned into an
exhibition building.

81
Script
Listen to the conversation and take notes of the things tourist should do,
3.7 and should not do when visiting the Grand Palace.

Guide: Good morning ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to Thailand.


I am your tour guide for today, and you can call me by
my nickname, Chai. Today we are going to the Grand Palace.

Tourist: Are there any rules about visiting the Grand Palace that we should
know about?

Guide: Im very glad you asked me that question. Yes, there are
several rules. Firstly, you should dress politely at the Grand
Palace to show respect to the place.

Tourist: What does that mean? What do you mean by dressing politely?

Guide: You shouldnt wear tops with straps that show your bare
shoulders, and you shouldnt wear shorts or mini-skirts that
show your legs. Wear long trousers or skirts and shirts with
sleeves.

Tourist: What about shoes? Can we wear sandals?

Guide: Im afraid not. You cant wear sandals at the Grand Palace.

Tourist: Oh really, no-one told me this. I am wearing my shorts and sandals


because it is so hot today. Can I still go?

Guide: Dont worry. There are sarongs and shoes provided for those
who need them.

82
MODULE 3
Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 4: Visiting the Temple of the Emerald Buddha

A. Read the following passages and take notes in the space provided. Then
use the notes to prepare a talk about:
1. The Temple of the Emerald Buddha, and 2. The Emerald Buddha.

1. The Temple of the Emerald Buddha was constructed in the eastern


section of the Grand Palace to install the Emerald Buddha. The
construction was done in 1784 in the reign of King Rama I. Unlike other
temples, there are no resident monks. The central building of the temple
is the Royal Chapel which houses the Emerald Buddha.

The grounds of the temple are surrounded by a covered gallery. Inside is


one of the worlds longest mural paintings telling the story of Rama, the
Indian god-king, in the Ramayana. Within the temple grounds, there are
several other buildings of royal and religious significance, such as small
chapels housing the statues of the past kings of the Chakri Dynasty, and
another one housing their ashes.

In the narrow passages between the buildings, there are statues of


mythical characters from the great stories of ancient Thai culture such
as giants, garudas, nagas and kinnaris.

giants garudas nagas kinnaris


(formidable (legendary birds) (multi-headed (half-bird,
guardians) serpents) half-human
creatures)

83
Include the following information in your talk.

Year of construction: ...


Location: ...
Purpose of construction: ..
Difference from other temples: .
Significance of the central building: .
Inside the covered galleries: .
In the buildings of royal and religious significance:
Along the passages between the buildings:

2. The Emerald Buddha is, in fact, not made of emerald, but carved out of a
big piece of green jade. It was first found in 1434 when lightning struck
a chedi in Chiang Rai. At that time, the city of Chiang Rai
was ruled by the King of Chiang Mai, but when the Emerald
Buddha was being brought to Chiang Mai, the elephant
turned towards Lampang three times, so the King allowed
the Emerald Buddha to remain in Lampang for 32 years.

In 1468, the powerful King Tilokaraja had the Emerald Buddha


brought back to Chiang Mai. In 1551, King Chaichettha of
Laos, who was the grandson of King Tiloka, took the Emerald Buddha to
Laos and it remained there for 224 years.

King Rama I, still a General, captured Vientiane and brought the Emerald
Buddha back to Thailand in 1778 and the image was placed in the Royal
Chapel of the Temple of the Emerald Buddha on 22 March, 1784.

There are three seasonal costumes made for the Emerald Buddha; one for
the summer, another for the rainy season, and the last for winter. There
is a special ceremony where the King himself changes the costumes of the
Emerald Buddha statue, as well as spraying lustral water over the
members of the Royal Family, officials and people outside the Ordination
Hall.

The Emerald Buddha is 66 cm tall (including the base) and 48.3 cm wide.
The image is in a seated position, with the right leg resting on the left
one, posed in an attitude or posture of meditation. It is believed that it
belongs to the late Chiang Saen or Chiang Mai school of Thai art.

84
Include the following information in your talk.
Year of discovery:
Location found: .....
Material used: ......
Size: .....
Attitude (posture): ...
Previous locations (where the Emerald Buddha used to be): ...
Date of installation at the Temple of the Emerald Buddha: ...
Important ceremonies concerning the Emerald Buddha image: ..

Tips:
When saying Thai proper names, speak slowly and clearly, as tourists may not understand
your pronunciation and stress.

B. Listen and repeat these words and phrases.


3.12
Vocabulary Meaning
The Temple of the Emerald Buddha  +:!(!!
()+! ( +:!0)
to install &!+$38
resident monks :!)A6* :!!3 
The Royal Chapel $!
mural paintings ":+5 
Rama :!!
the Statue :!!!&
mythical characters )
62

giant 36
kinnari $!
garuda #!-B
naga #
emerald !

green jade   


three seasonal costumes #!! 3 ,+
spraying lustral water :! :!:-7
6
subjects :)$!
ordination hall -%)/
the attitude/ posture of meditation &)7$

85
C. Listen to the following expressions and repeat.
3.13

Expression Explanation

It was constructed in (year) / (place).


2'0!!  &D)!0 )/)!0
The construction was done in (year) / (place).

It was found in (year). 2'0!!  #0:

It was found in/at (place). 2'0!!  )/#0:

It was constructed to + Verb.


e.g. It was constructed to install the Buddha 2'0*-+&!)#62!)!0
image.

It was made of (material).


It was carved out of (material).
2'0 )+-2'0
e.g. It was made of green jade.
It was carved out of marble.

The Buddha image is (measurement)


tall and (measurement) wide.
2'0+
e.g. The Buddha image is 66 cm. tall and
48.3 cm. wide.

The Buddha image is in a seated/standing/


2'0!!   3.:!:-7!&
walking/ reclining position.

The Buddha image is in an attitude of (name of


attitude).
2'0!!  &:!:-7!&
e.g. The Buddha image is in an attitude of
meditation/ a posture of meditation.

86
D. Listen to the significance of the following temples. Put the number
3.14 in front of the name of the temple.

a. Wat Phrasrirattana Mahathat Vora-maha-vihara


b. Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep
c. Wat Niwet Thamaprawat
d. Wat Chalong
e. Wat Suan Dok
f. What Phra That Phanom

1. The most interesting part of this temple is a huge that or Lao-style


chedi. It is a symbol of Isaan and is highly revered by Buddhists all
over Thailand. The exact date of the founding of the temple is under
dispute, but some archaeologists put it at about 1,500 years old. The
chedi is 52 metres high and each of its rectangular bases measures 12.33
metres. The top is decorated with 110 kilograms of gold.

2. It is located 8 kilometres from Phuket city. The temple houses bronze


images of two highly-revered monks, Luang Pho Chaem and Luang Pho
Chuang. Luang Pho Chaem is famed for his role in quelling a rebellion by
Chinese mine workers who tried to occupy Phuket during the reign of King
Rama V.

3. It was constructed in 1357 by King Lithai of Sukhothai. The temple is


next to the bridge over the Nan River in Phitsanulok. The main hall
contains the famous Phra Buddha Chinnarat Image, which is second in
importance only to the Emerald Buddha in Bangkok.

4. This temple is on Suthep Road in Chiang Mai city. It was built by King
Kue Na. The chapel, in the north of the temple, houses a most beautiful
Chiang Saen style bronze Buddha Image called Phra Chao Kao Tue. This
image was originally destined for a more important temple, but it was so
heavy that it couldnt be moved, so instead a temple was built around it.
The remains of Chiang Mais royal family are in a group of small stupas in
the temple compound.

87
5. This temple is the most sacred temple in Chiang Mai, which houses the
relics of the Lord Buddha. It is located on top of Suthep mountain
about 15 kilometres west of the city, and at an altitude of 1,080 metres
above sea level. Inside the chapel there are some mural paintings
depicting the life of the Lord Buddha. Before reaching the temple,
there are mythical nagas leading up 307 steps to the temple entrance,
where the graceful northern-style golden stupa is situated. The temple
was built by King Kue Na of the Lanna Kingdom in 1385.

6. It is to the south of Bang Pa-In Palace, twenty kilometres from


Ayutthaya. It was built by King Rama V of the Chakri Dynasty. This
temple is unique in that it looks much more like a Gothic Christian Church.
You can get to the temple by crossing the river in a small trolley-like
cable car.

E. Listen and repeat these words and phrases.


3.15

Vocabulary Meaning
highly-revered &<#!: )
to be under dispute &<// 
archaeologists  %!.#+
chedi / stupa *+ ,6 )/&
to quell a rebellion -
$!-F
to be destined /+
a relic :!7
-
altitude #)

88
F. Additional Vocabulary
3.16 Listen and repeat these words and phrases.

Vocabulary Meaning
a gable roof  #!* 
single-layered roof  #' + 
multi-layered roof  #G0 ' 
four-sided gable roof  #!*
-!-
a gable/pediment 0 , * 
a horn-like finial on the roof ridge, representing the ';H
head of the Garuda
tooth-like ridges on the sloping edges of a gable, 2!
representing the fin on the back of the Naga
small finials jutting out of the two side-corners of the )6
gable, representing the heads of the Naga
boundary stones 2)
low boundary wall encircling an ordination hall or an :0
image hall
a gallery :!! 
a portal arch G-0&!

a pillar/column )
a capital  )
a lotus-capital pillar   )
a niche '0, G-0, *! , *!
a circular stupa of the Ceylonese style *+ 6 ! 
a square stupa with indented corners *+ 6   -
a bell-shaped pagoda or stupa *+ 6 !!A 
a lotus-bud shaped pagoda *+ 6 !:-0$.B6
a corn-shaped pagoda :!&!#6
a square building with a spired roof .B&
a spirit house (:!"$
a deity shrine/spirit shrine (*0
a sculpture &!
$!!
a mythical lion )$6
a mythical serpent #
a lion-footed pedestal 80)$6
Vishnu mounted on the Garuda ! .6!#!-B
Rishi in the posture of self-massage ,3+ +


89
Vocabulary Meaning
gilded lacquer design (black-and-gold lacquer design)  !+ 
mother-of-pearl inlay  &!+ -
stucco modelling  &&I
stained glass !*)
to gild over a lacquer surface ! &J+
to decorate with glazed tiles &!+ +0 ! #
to build with bricks and mortar $8/&
to cast in bronze +0 ) ,7$K
laterite ($
palm-leaf scripture # "!62
a sacred cord ) )$4*6

G. Task
Prepare a talk about a temple in your hometown or one that you are
familiar with to present to tourists. Use vocabulary and expressions
studied in this lesson.

INCLUDE:

name
location
year of construction/ discovery
outstanding features

90
MODULE 3
Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 5 : Entering a Temple

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists


3.17 and locate each building by putting the numbers in front of the
vocabulary.

vocabulary.
7

4 3

5 2

6
1

Number

chedi

viharn/ sermon hall

pavilion

belfry

bot / ordination hall

monks cells/ kuti

crematorium

91
B. 1. Listen to the following expressions and words and repeat.
3.18

Expression Meaning Explanation


right in front of us
on the left
at the back
2'0
)/!)$)!0
behind
next to
at the far back of

2. Write the meaning of each expression and word above in the space
provided.

3. Think of more expressions and words to describe position.

C. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists,


3.19 and fill in the blanks.

Guide: Lets enter the viharn.

Tourist 2: I suppose we need to take off our shoes before entering.

Guide: Im glad you remembered that. You can leave your shoes on
the shelves here.

* * * * * * * * * * *

Tourist 1: This is fantastic! Is that real gold?

Guide: Yes, but its just 1. . Now Im going to show


you some Buddha images posed in different attitudes.
The Principal Buddha Image is cast in the subduing Mara
2.______________. This pose indicates the victory of
Buddha over the temptation by the devil Mara.

Tourist 2: Why is there a statue of an elephant and a monkey next to the


Buddha?

92
Guide: It symbolises when the Buddha was in the forest and an
elephant and a monkey brought him offerings.
Tourist 1: So what does the position of the image on the right represent?

Guide: Its the attitude (posture) of 3.________________ .

Tourist 2: And what is that couple doing over there?

Guide: They are making merit and the monk is blessing them by
4.________________ some holy water on them.

Tourist 1: Over there are some containers with bamboo sticks in them.
What are they for?

Guide: They are 5._________________ .

Tourist 2: How can they tell someones fortune?

Guide: Ill show you. First, pick up the bamboo container and
make a wish in front of 6.________________. Then shake
it until one stick falls out. The stick has a number on it
which matches the number on the fortune-telling paper on
which your fortune was written.

D. Listen and repeat.


3.20

Vocabulary Meaning
a very thin gold leaf 5L
the Principal Buddha Image :!&!7
attitude/ posture & (:!:-7!&)
attitude/ posture of meditation &)7$
subduing Mara attitude/ posture &!$'
the devil Mara !
sprinkling holy water :! 
6
bamboo containers !G G
to make a wish 7$38
fortune sticks 10G G
fortune-telling paper 2G G

Tips:
Inform the tourists that all temples, though ruined, are still highly respected by
Buddhists. Thus, tourists
 should show respect to the place
 should not walk on or climb up the remaining altar or Buddha image base

93
 should not pose improperly when taking pictures e.g. standing behind the Buddha image
and showing their face in place of the missing head of the Buddha image, or imitating
the position of the Buddha image.
E. Additional Vocabulary

Listen and practise the pronunciation.


3.21

Vocabulary Meaning
seated Buddha image :!:-7!& 
standing Buddha image :!:-7!& 
reclining Buddha image :!:-7!&&1) )6
walking Buddha image :!:-7!&&
seated Buddha under the cover of a 5-headed Naga :!:-7!&&#&!
attitude / posture of persuading relatives not to &04
$
quarrel
attitude / posture of calming the ocean &0)-!
attitude / posture of giving the first sermon &&8(
attitude / posture of accepting offerings from an &&>1 6
elephant and a monkey
pedestal 8'-'
ashes :! #!
Buddha relics :!!)!!$7
-
the footprint of Lord Buddha :!:-7
sermon throne / pulpit 7!!)6
chanting !)+
6
altar table / altar set %
M '
the Triple Gems :!!

!
the Five Precepts ( 5
Tripitaka :!1
!&JO
Rebirth/ Reincarnation !$+2
Enlightenment !
! )!0
Nirvana $::
ordination !'
to be ordained '
abbot )"!, *0)
novice ).!
alms-bowl 
!

94
F. Task:
Tell your classmates or your tourists about a temple and the Principal
Buddha Image or an important Buddha image in it, including the
following information:

Start like this:-


INCLUDE: Good morning, welcome to ..

name

location and description


of main buildings

description of the
Principal Buddha
image or an important
Buddha image

95
Script

Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists and
3.17 locate each building by putting the numbers in front of the vocabulary.

Guide: Here we are at the temple. Most Buddhist temples consist of a


collection of buildings enclosed by a wall. Right in front of us is
the viharn (or sermon hall) which holds the Principal Buddha Image
and several other Buddha images.

Tourist 1: What about that smaller building on the left at the back of the
viharn?

Guide: Oh, that is the Bot or ordination hall. New monks take their vows
there and it can be identified by six boundary stones. Women are
not allowed to enter the Bot.

Tourist 2: Is that a chedi right behind the viharn?

Guide: Yes, thats a chedi. It normally contains either sacred relics of


the Buddha or of a revered or venerated monk.

Tourist 1: Thats interesting. And I think I see the belfry next to it. Is that
right?

Guide: Yes, youre correct.

Tourist 2: I noticed a group of small houses on the left of the Bot.


What are they for?

Guide: Oh, theyre what we call kuti or monks cells.


Now, lets take a look to your right. That big pavilion is
especially for the Buddhists who come to perform religious
ceremonies such as to make merit for the dead.

And at the far back of the pavilion is the crematorium. As you


may know, when the Buddhists die, they are cremated rather than
buried.

96
Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists and fill
3.19 in the blanks.

Guide: Lets enter the viharn.

Tourist 2: I suppose we need to take off our shoes before entering.

Guide: Im glad you remembered that. You can leave your shoes on
the shelves here.

* * * * * * * * * * *

Tourist 1: This is marvellous! Is that real gold?

Guide: Yes, but its just a very thin gold leaf. Now Im going to
show you some Buddha images posed in different attitudes.
The Principal Buddha Image is cast in the subduing Mara
attitude. This pose indicates the victory of Buddha over
the temptation by the devil Mara.

Tourist 2: Why is there a statue of an elephant and a monkey next to the


Buddha?

Guide: It symbolises when the Buddha was in the forest and an


elephant and a monkey brought him offerings.

Tourist 1: So what does the position of the image on the right represent?

Guide: Its the attitude (posture) of meditation.

Tourist 2: And what is that couple doing over there?

Guide: They are making merit and the monk is blessing them by
sprinkling some holy water on them.

Tourist 1: Over there are some containers with bamboo sticks in them.
What are they for?

Guide: They are fortune sticks.

Tourist 2: How can they tell someones fortune?

Guide: Ill show you. First, pick up the bamboo container and
make a wish in front of the Principal Buddha Image. Then
shake it until one stick falls out. The stick has a number
on it which matches the number on the fortune-telling paper
on which your fortune was written.

97
MODULE 3
Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 6: Exploring the City

A. )
Listen to the conversation and tick (
3.22 the places mentioned by the tour guide
and cross (x) those which are not
mentioned.

X or  Place Meaning
the National Stadium )P'
$
university $ 
international companies !$3 '
$
the Planetarium 0;H*
the Public Library 0)-+)7!.
embassies )/

Public Park ))7!.


City Hall (
business offices ) 7-!$*
the Victory Monument -)! 6' )!"$
roundabout  
railway station )/!/1;
the National Theatre %!#!'
$
the City Pillar ) 
Parliament ! 8)"
banks 7#!
the National Museum :$:$7" .B6)/'
$
Chinatown #*
the National Zoo ))
6

B. Listen to the place names above and repeat.


3.23

98
C. Listen to the expressions and repeat.
3.24

Expression Explanation
We are now in the centre of the city.
If you look to your (direction), youll
see ..
Right in front of you, (at the center of
2'0$( !
)$)!0)2*2
the roundabout,) is..
Please look to your (direction).
Now we are approaching (place).
Behind (place) is (place).

D. Role-play
You are a Tour Guide taking the tourists for a city tour. Use the map
given below and the conversation in A to describe the location of the
places on the map.

National National
Stadium Zoo

Railway
Station
Planetarium Public
Park

Tips:
If tourists ask for more information about the place that you dont know, tell them
politely that you dont know, saying
Im afraid I cant give you the answer, or
Im sorry, I really dont have the information, or
I cant give you the answer now, but Ill find it for you.

99
Script
) the places mentioned by the tour
Listen to the conversation and tick (
3.22 guide and cross (x) those which are not mentioned.

Guide: We are now in the centre of the city. If you look to your
left, youll see the City Hall and the Public Library. And
right in front of you, at the centre of the roundabout, is
the City Pillar.

Tourist 1: What is the City Pillar?

Guide: Its the foundation stone of the City.


Now, please look to your right. That is the university
compound. Its one of the oldest universities in Thailand.

Tourist 2: Really? How old is it?

Guide: Its about 50 years old. Now we are approaching the


business area. The skyscrapers on both sides are business
offices: banks, international companies and even embassies.

Tourist 1: No wonder there is a lot of traffic!

Guide: Behind these buildings is a large area called Chinatown. Do


you see that beautiful red portal arch over there? That is
the entrance to Chinatown.

Tourist 2: Is there anything interesting there?

Guide: A lot of things. There are shops that sell just about
anything you could wish for, ranging from clothes to
jewellery and gold. And you can try some authentic Chinese
dishes here too.

Tourist 1: That sounds great. Will we have a chance to look around here?

Guide: Yes, of course. We can arrange for you to spend some time
here if you are interested.

Tourist 2: Thank you . Oh! Why are we stopping?

Guide: We are now at the National Museum. We are going to stop


here for two hours to appreciate the art and culture of the
country.

100
MODULE 4

Learning about Thai


Festivals
MODULE 4
Learning about Thai Festivals

Lesson 1: Describing Joyous Festivals

A. Read the following information about a national festival in Thailand and


complete the notes.

Songkran Festival is the traditional Thai New Year which starts on April 13 of
every year and lasts for three days. Its a joyous festival. The Thais make
merit by giving alms early in the morning or going to the temple to give food
and offerings to the monks. After that, they may set free birds, fish and
turtles as a way to release their sins.

People usually wash themselves and clean their houses during this festival.
This symbolizes the cleansing of the soul. There is also a custom of bringing
sand into the temple compounds and building small sand castles. The
Buddhists believe that taking things from the temple is sinful and might cause
misfortune. Therefore, bringing sand back to the temple is a way to return
the sand which they have unintentionally carried away on their feet from the
temple in the past.

In the afternoon, people gather at the temple to sprinkle scented water on


the sacred (or highly respected) Buddha images and statues. They also visit
the elderly to ask for a blessing. The most enjoyable part of this festival is
taking part in an exciting water-throwing activity in which people splash or
pour scented water on the passers-by to freshen them up and also beat the
heat of the summertime.

102
Notes

What: .....

When: ......

Where: ...

Why: ..

Activities: .....

From the notes above, talk about Songkran Festival.

B. Write the correct meaning of the vocabulary and expressions.


4.1 Then listen and repeat.

Vocabulary and Expression Meaning


joyous festival
to make merit
to give alms
offerings
to set free birds
to release sins
to symbolize
cleansing of the soul
temple compound
sand castles
sinful
misfortune
to sprinkle scented water on
sacred Buddha images
to ask for a blessing
water-throwing

103
C. Study the expressions below. Then listen and repeat.
4.2
1. Questions you may hear:
Expression Explanation
What is it called?
What is the name of the festival? 

What festival is this?
When is (name of festival) held?
What date is (name of festival) on?
-   
Is it every year?
Is it held annually?
Where is (name of festival) held?
Where does it take place?     

Is it a local festival? (for this district only) 
 ( 
!  
"#$!)
Is it a national festival? (all over Thailand)
Why is (name of festival) held?
Why do people celebrate (name of festival)?
What is the significance of (name of festival) ? %" &'

What is (name of festival) for?
What does (name of festival) commemorate?
What do people do at (name of festival)?
! (
What happens during (name of festival) ?

2. Answers you may give:


Expression Explanation
Its
(


The festival is
It is held on
Its during .
Its from to
(
-   
Its held the same time every year.
Its an annual event. Sometimes the date
changes.
Its held in . province. (
    
(

Its a national festival. 



It celebrates ..
(
%" &'

The festival commemorates
There is a candle-lit procession.
People let off fireworks, firecrackers and
hot air lanterns. ())! 
People give alms to the monks.
Buddhists make merit by listening to sermons.

104
D. Practice asking and answering questions about festivals in Thailand.
1.
What: Phi Ta Khon Festival
When: June for 3 days
Where: Loei Province
Why: To celebrate the return of
the Buddhas incarnation to his
city after years of exile

Activities:
Young men dress up as ghosts and spirits.
There is a masked procession with music and dancing and firing rockets.
Sacred Buddha images are paraded.
The ghost dancers tease the onlookers.
Monks recite the story of Buddhas last incarnation before attaining
enlightenment.

2.

What: Asean Barred Ground Dove Festival


When: The first weekend in March
Where: Yala Province
Why: Yala people believe that doves are birds of good omen that
can bring fortune to their owners, particularly if their
character corresponds with that of the owner.
Activities: Procession of dove-raisers
Dove cooing contest and other competitions
Dove sales
Sales of products and accessories related to doves
Sports contests

E. Role-play
A is a tour guide. B is a tourist. Ask and answer about a local
festival that you know. Then change the role and do the task with
another festival.

105
MODULE 4
Learning about Thai Festivals
Lesson 2: Talking about Festivals

A. Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing words.


4.3

Guide: Ill pick you up at 7 pm tomorrow to take part in


the Loy Krathong Festival.
Tourist: What is that?
Guide: Its one of the best-known festivals in Thailand in which people
1. or a lotus-shaped float down the river.
Ill prepare one for you.
Tourist: Oh, that would be nice. But why do we float a krathong down the
river? Is it just for fun or is there any specific purpose?
Guide: Well, it is a bit of fun, but also the original purpose was
2. for having polluted the river, and to
3. , Phra Mae Khong Kha. So we
put in some flowers, a lighted candle and three incense sticks.
Tourist: Is it on the same date every year?
Guide: No, it has to be on the night of the full moon 4.
, approximately late October or early
November. Its at the end of the rainy season and the rivers
are full of water.
Tourist: Has the festival been celebrated in Thailand for a long time?
Guide: 5. , it was established in the 13th century
under the reign of King Ramkamhaeng of the Sukhothai
Dynasty. One of his consorts, Nang Nobamas, made him a
krathong to float in the river. The King was very impressed
and announced Loy Krathong an official ceremony.
Tourist: Thats very interesting. Are there any other activities during the
festival?
Guide: Yes, there are best-decorated float competitions, beauty
contests, and 6. . Also people usually let
off firecrackers. In some provinces, kome-loy or traditional
7. .

Tourist: Sounds exciting. I can hardly wait for it.

106
B. Listen to the vocabulary and repeat.
4.4
Vocabulary and Expression Meaning
to float a krathong 
)
a lotus-shaped float 
to ask for forgiveness 

to pay homage to the river goddess *+,& &
incense sticks -."
in the twelfth lunar month 
!(
  &$!
according to legend $$#
consort  
float competition "
beauty contest " *
firework display %*% 

//0
firecrackers " 
traditional hot air balloons 1&
)
to release ",
)

C. Read the following information about two other important festivals and
practice describing them. You may consult the expressions in Lesson 1.
Make sure you write down the correct meanings of the vocabulary listed first.

1. What: Khaeng Sad Tom


When: At the end of Buddhist Lent
Where: Phatthalung Province
Activities: A few days before the festival people prepare Tom.
(a bundle of boiled sticky rice wrapped in a Bho leaf)
On the festival day:
2 players throw 30 Toms at each other to gain points.
History: In the past, people stood on both sides of the path and
threw Toms at the float parading the Buddha image.
It was believed that the action commemorated the day
Lord Buddha returned from heaven.

107
Vocabulary Meaning
Buddhist Lent
bundle
Bho leaf
float

2. What: Lim Kho Niao Celebration


When: First week of February
Where: Pattani Province
Why: To commemorate the Chinese Goddess Chao Mae Lim Kor Nieo

History: Lim Kor Nieo, a Chinese girl, came to Siam to persuade her
elder brother to return home. Her brother had married the
daughter of the Pattani governor and had become a Muslim
changing his religion to Islam. He refused to return home.
She then hanged herself on a cashew nut tree. Her brother
and the people built a shrine for her near Krue Se Mosque,
and make a wooden sculpture of her figure from the wood of
that cashew nut tree.

Activities: Light-and-sound presentations


Dragon and lion dancing show
Display of the indigenous culture of southern Thais
Procession of Lim Ko Niao goddess wooden sculpture
Mystic ceremonies of fire and water wading to prove the
spiritual power of the goddess

Vocabulary Meaning
cashew nut tree
shrine
mosque
ritual
indigenous culture
procession
wooden sculpture
mystic ceremonies
fire and water wading

108
D. TASK
Prepare a description of one Thai festival to present to your tourist,
including the following information:

What:

When:

Where:

Why:

History:

Activities:

109
Script
Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing words.
4.3

Guide: Ill pick you up at 7 pm tomorrow to take part in


the Loy Krathong Festival.

Tourist: What is that?

Guide: Its one of the best-known festivals in Thailand in which people


float a krathong or a lotus-shaped float down the river. Ill
prepare one for you.

Tourist: Oh, that would be nice. But why do we float a krathong down the
river? Is it just for fun or is there any specific purpose?

Guide: Well, it is a bit of fun, but also the original purpose was
to ask for forgiveness for having polluted the river, and to
pay homage to the river goddess, Phra Mae Khong Kha. So we
put in some flowers, a lighted candle and three incense sticks.
Tourist: Is it on the same date every year?

Guide: No, it has to be on the night of the full moon in the twelfth
lunar month, approximately late October or early November.
Its at the end of the rainy season and the rivers are full of
water.

Tourist: Has the festival been celebrated in Thailand for a long time?

Guide: According to legend, it was established in the 13th century


under the reign of King Ramkamhaeng of the Sukhothai
Dynasty. One of his consorts, Nang Nobamas, made him a
krathong to float in the river. The King was very impressed
and announced Loy Krathong an official ceremony.

Tourist: Thats very interesting. Are there any other activities during the
festival?

Guide: Yes, there are best-decorated float competitions, beauty


contests, and firework displays. Also people usually let off
firecrackers. In some provinces, kome-loy or traditional
hot-air balloons are released.

Tourist: Sounds exciting. I can hardly wait for it.

110
MODULE 4
Learning about Thai Festivals

Lesson 3: Describing Religious Festivals

A. Listen and complete the passage.


4.5

Visaka Bucha Day is the Buddhist commemoration of


the Lord Buddhas birth, 1. , and death.
It is on the full moon day 2. . or May.

People, Buddhists and non-Buddhists, make merit


by 3. in the morning, 4. at
the temple and joining a solemn 5. around the main
chapels in the evening. Some Buddhists stay overnight at a temple, wearing
white clothes, 6. , and praying to7.
their minds.

The Lord Buddha was born as a Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Sakyas in
India. He witnessed a lot of 8. and wondered how
man could be released from them. He, therefore, 9.
and searched for the answers. On his 36th birthday, he became
enlightened with the 10. and the 11.
which were sufferings and ways to end them. He spent the
rest of his life teaching people and he 12. Nirvana
or death on his 80th birthday.

At present, not only Buddhists 13. in the


ceremonies, but all are welcomed. According to Buddhism, whatever 14.
you have, you can join all Buddhist ceremonies
even though you have no intention to 15. to
Buddhism.

111
B. Repeat the following words or phrases and study their Thai meanings.
4.6
Vocabulary Meaning
enlightenment $.
the sixth lunar month 

to offer alms to the monks ,($
to listen to sermons 02 '
to join a solemn candle-lit procession ) )
to meditate  -!
to purify their minds #!$(!% -!3
human sufferings & %'
%)'
to leave his worldly wealth ($!  1
Noble Truth
!)
Eight-Fold Path & 8
to attain Nirvana (%!**
to participate ,
religious belief & 
 
to convert to Buddhism " ) "5 *% -

C. Use the given information about some religious festivals in Thailand,


and practise describing them.

1. Makha Bucha Day


full moon day of the third lunar month (February)
two unexpected events
o 1,250 monks gathered together without any
appointment
o all the 1,250 monks were ordained by the
Lord Buddha

112
Lord Buddha preached the Three Main Principles of Buddhism:
o do good deeds
o refrain from sin
o cleanse your mind
Morning: give alms to the monks
During the day:
- go to the temple
- listen to the sermons
Evening:
- join a candle-lit procession
- walk clock-wise around the main temple chapel three times

2. Buddhist Lent
First waning moon of the eighth lunar month
(about July)
Buddhist monks stay at a particular temple
for three months during the rainy season.
Buddhists refrain from sin (make a resolution
to give up smoking, drinking and gambling)
Buddhists go to the temples, offering food
and necessities to the monks.

3. Tak Bat Devo Merit Making Festival


End of Buddhist Lent
first day of the eleventh lunar month
(about October)
Buddhists welcomed the Lord Buddha back to
earth.
The Lord Buddha ascended to Heaven to give a sermon to his mother
and resided there throughout Buddhist Lent.
When Lent was over, he descended to Earth.
Early in the morning the Buddhists give alms to the monks walking
down from a hill-top temple.

D. Task
Pair work
In pairs, prepare a description of one religious festival of your
choice. Then describe it to the class and let the classmates
guess the name of the festival.

113
Script
Listen and complete the passage.
4.5

Visaka Bucha Day is the Buddhist commemoration of the Lord Buddhas


birth, enlightenment, and death. It is on the full moon day of the sixth
lunar month or May. People, Buddhists and non-Buddhists, make merit by
offering alms to the monks in the morning, listening to sermons at the
temple and joining a solemn candle-lit procession around the main chapels in
the evening. Some Buddhists stay overnight at a temple, wearing white
clothes, meditating, and praying to purify their minds.

The Lord Buddha was born as a Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Sakyas in
India. He witnessed a lot of human sufferings and wondered how man could
be released from them. He, therefore, left his worldly wealth and
searched for the answers. On his 36th birthday, he became enlightened
with the Noble Truth and the Eight-Fold Path which were sufferings and
ways to end them. He spent the rest of his life teaching people and he
attained Nirvana or death on his 80th birthday.

At present, not only Buddhists participate in the ceremonies, but all are
welcomed. According to Buddhism, whatever religious belief you have, you
can join all Buddhist ceremonies even though you have no intention to
convert to Buddhism.

114
MODULE 4
Learning about Thai Festivals

Lesson 4: Describing Royal Festivals

A. Listen to the description of a royal festival and fill in the missing words.
4.7

The royal Barge Procession is 1. .at the end of the rainy

season, about October or November along the Chao Phraya River and
2. .in Bangkok. It is for the Royal Kathin in which

the king brings 3. .to the monks.

In the ceremony, the King sits 4. .in Subhannahongse Royal

Barge, which is the largest of the troop of the Royal Barges, and is
5. .in the shape of the swans head and 6. ..

7. goes from the Temple of Dawn. While the barges are


.

moving along the river, a singer 8. .to the cadence of the

oars. 9. .watch the splendid procession on the banks of the

Chao Phraya River.

B. Repeat the following words or phrases and study their Thai meanings.
4.8

Vocabulary Meaning
Royal Barge Procession **!-*)%)$  &
Temple of Dawn 
%
Royal Kathin 6!* 
ceremony *!-
robe 7/$
offerings 
)*
throne *  
procession (+,
to chant ( *
cadence of the oars  
89*)
spectators 7.

115
K

C. Listen to the description of a royal festival and answer the following


4.9 questions.

1. What is the name of the festival?

2. When is it held?

3. Where does it take place?

4. What is the significance of this festival?


a) To give an auspicious beginning to the new planting season
b)

Now read the script and take notes.

5. What happens in the festival?


The king: a)
b)
c)

Phraya Raek-Naa:

The Ploughing: a)
b)
c)

People:

116
K

D. Repeat the following words or phrases and study their Thai meanings.
4.10

Vocabulary Meaning
Royal Ploughing Ceremony **!-* &+:
auspicious beginning  ! $  "5 &
moral support "5:+# 
to preside over "5"-
to give awards  
outstanding farmers $ ,
to predict #)
amount of rain "!;#8
sacred bulls *1&
to plough /
abundance of agricultural products &
%(.'
77!$  $
to scatter rice seed , <*-%'
to gather <((

E. Task
Study the notes given, and then practise pronouncing the words
and phrases. Describe the festival.

Notes

What: His Majesty the Kings Birthday

When: 5th December

Where: Nationwide

Why: a) To celebrate birthday of present


king, who is well-loved and considered the Father
of all Thais
b) To celebrate national Fathers Day

117
Activities:

People decorate houses + buildings with royal symbols (portrait of


His Majesty the King + national flag)

Streets, trees + government buildings decorated with lights

8 pm: people nationwide light candles + sing to manifest the Kings


splendour and importance

Spectacular firework displays held

Vocabulary Meaning
nationwide  "
to decorate $+$,
royal symbols ::'+ 
&'*$!)'
portrait of His Majesty the King *(=)'
national flag - $!
to manifest +
splendour *(
spectacular ,$ $$ 
firework display %*%

118
Script
Listen to the description of a royal festival and fill in the missing words.
4.7

The Royal Barge Procession is held annually .at the end of the rainy season,
about October or November along the Chao Phraya River and the Temple of
Dawn .in Bangkok. It is for the Royal Kathin in which the King brings robes
and offerings to the monks.

In the ceremony, the King sits on the throne .in Subhannahongse Royal
Barge, which is the largest of the troop of the Royal Barges, and is elegantly
carved in the shape of the swans head and covered in gold leaf.

The procession goes from the Temple of Dawn. While the barges are moving
along the river, a singer chants to the cadence of the oars. Spectators
watch the splendid procession on the banks of the Chao Phraya River.

Listen to the description of a royal festival and answer the following


4.9 questions

At the beginning of the rice planting season around May, the Royal
Ploughing Ceremony is held at Sanam Luang Grounds in Bangkok to give an
auspicious beginning to the new planting season and to provide moral support
to the Thai farmers.

During the ceremony, over which the King presides, he gives the
awards to the most outstanding farmers and appoints Lord of the Festival
or Phraya Raek-Naa. Phraya Raek-Naa chooses panung or long cloth worn
about the hips as a prediction of the amount of rain in the approaching
planting season.

The actual ploughing starts with the sacred bulls drawing a red and
gold plough turning a few furrows. The Lord of the Festival then scatters
rice seeds over the newly-turned earth. After that, the sacred bulls choose
seven different foods and drinks rice, beans, maize, hay, sesame, water,
and liquor. Whichever the bulls choose is a prediction of the abundance of
agricultural products and trade for the coming year. At the end of the
ceremony, people gather the precious rice seeds to ensure a good crop in the
next year.

119
MODULE 5

Joining
an Eco-Tour

120 
  10/08/2007
MODULE 5
Joining an Eco-tour
Lesson 1 : Enjoying Trekking

A. Listen to a tour guide talking to the tourists and complete the


5.1 itinerary below.

Day 1
Morning: Drive north of Chiang Mai (approx. 2 hrs.),
Visit 1. __________.. en route.
Visit 2. __________.
Lunch: At a local restaurant
Afternoon: Walk about 1 hrs. to 3. __________. Spend
the night.

Day 2
Morning: Walk approx. 2 hrs. to 4. __________.
Lunch: At the camp
Afternoon: Ride elephants for about 1 hr. to a Lahu and Akha village.
5. __________. at the hill tribe village.

Day 3
Morning: 6. __________. approx. 2 hrs.
Lunch: At Shan village
Afternoon: Return to Chiang Mai.

B. Listen to the following vocabulary and repeat.


5.2
Vocabulary Meaning
an itinerary 
approximately 
 
a traditional Thai market 
on the way/ en route  
hot springs 
a local restaurant 
a Karen village   

to spend the night/ stay overnight !""#
an elephant camp $
to ride elephants %$
a bamboo raft &' '(
to return !

121 
  10/08/2007
Note: %
 itinerary 
)$ Verb phrase %* #+ + 
! ,
& -#
- $
drive north of Chiang Mai approximately 2 hours
visit the hot springs
stop for lunch
walk for about 1 hours

C. Listen to the conversation, and write the advice (Dos and Donts)
5.3 the tour guide has given to the tourists.

Do Dont

D. Listen to the vocabulary and repeat.


5.4

Vocabulary Meaning
trekking  .
light clothes and shorts #()
& %!
revealing (clothes) (#()  1(
# 2
endangered species $)3!45
poisonous 6
to step off the track 
rare species $

to leave litter %

to kiss and cuddle +& 
showing affection &"- !
cultural or religious "- "!3-!74 & 8
significance
to do something offensive  )"- ' )+
to be in doubt !

E. Study the expressions below, and practise giving advice to the tourists.

122 
  10/08/2007
Expression Explanation
You/We + should/should not + Verb.
Please + verb. )$& " -#' "- 9!
Please do not + verb.

1. ..

2. ..

 3. .

4. ..

Add more advice for trekking. (Use your own ideas.)

123 
  10/08/2007
F.
5.5

1. Listen to the vocabulary of some gear and equipment for trekking,


and repeat.

a rucksack a pair of hiking boots a sun hat

a helmet some clothes some soap and a small


towel
a sleeping bag a life jacket a flashlight or a torch

a First Aid Kit a sarong a pair of flip flops/


thongs
a roll of toilet paper a pair of binoculars a mosquito net

a water canteen/ some sun cream/ some insect repellent


flask sun screen lotion

2. Write the names of the gear and equipment for trekking in 1 under the
pictures.
a. b. c. d. e. f.

g. h. i. j. k. l.

m. n. o. p. q. r.

124 
  10/08/2007
3. Match the reasons with the gear/equipment
5.6 Then listen to the answers.

Gear/equipment Reason
1. a small rucksack a. it is not provided
2. a sun hat b. to protect your skin from sunlight
3. a flashlight/ a torch c. to provide comfortable sleep
4. a sleeping bag d. to use at night as there is no electricity
5. a sarong e. for bathing as there is no private bathroom
6. a roll of toilet paper f. to prevent dehydration
7. some sun screen lotion g. for personal belongings
8. some insect repellent h. to protect you from mosquitoes and insects
9. a pair of flip flops/thongs i. to keep your head covered from direct
sunlight + to prevent you from getting
sunstroke
10. a water canteen /a flask j. to wear in the evening and when walking
through water

4. Advise your tourists what they should and should not bring with them on a
trekking tour. Choose the items from F2. Also, give reason(s) why or why
not the items should or should not be brought.

G. Task
In groups of 3, prepare a trekking itinerary for a group of 5 tourists.
Add advice where necessary. Present your itinerary to the class.

Tips:
Tell the tourists that they should not
give medicine to hill tribe people as this may be wrongly administered.
give western clothes to them as this may encourage them not to wear their
traditional attire.
walk over or walk too close to any food placed on the floor or anyone lying on the
ground.

125 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to a tour guide talking to the tourists and complete the itinerary.
5.1

Good morning, Ladies and Gentlemen. Welcome to our eco-tour.


I would just like to give you a brief outline of our itinerary for the next
three days.

Today, we will drive north of Chiang Mai, which will take approximately 2
hours and have lunch at a local restaurant, visiting a traditional Thai market
on the way. Then we will carry on to see the hot springs. In the afternoon
we will walk for about 1 hours to a Karen village, where we will spend the
night.

On our second day, we will walk for approximately 2 hours to the elephant
camp. We will stop for lunch at this camp and then ride the elephants for
about 1 hour to a Lahu and Akha village where we will stay overnight.

The village where we spend the night is located next to the river, so the
following morning we will board bamboo rafts, then slowly raft down the
river for approximately 2 hours.

The raft trip will end at a Shan village where we will stop for lunch. The
driver will meet us here and will drive us back to Chiang Mai.

Listen to the conversation, and write the advice (Dos and Donts)
5.3 the tour guide has given to the tourists.

Tourist 1: Its great weather for trekking.


Tourist 2: Personally, I think its a bit too warm.
Tourist 1: Yes, but thats why I brought light clothes and shorts.
Tour Guide: Thats a good idea, but I hope the shorts are not too
short, and your light clothes are not revealing.
Tourist 1: Oh, they are like the ones Im wearing now. Are they OK?
Tour Guide: They are fine. By the way, lets review what you should
and shouldnt do while trekking.
Tourist 2: Good idea.
Tour Guide: Please dont pick up or touch plants since some of them are
endangered species and some might be poisonous. Also,
dont step off the track.
Tourist 1: I agree. We might accidentally step on a rare species.
Tour Guide: And one more thing, you should be careful not to leave
litter either along the trails or in the villages.

126 
  10/08/2007
Tourist 2: Sure. Talking about the villages, is there anything we need to
know before visiting the hilltribe villages.
Tour Guide: Well, dont kiss and cuddle. Showing affection in public is
not a part of hilltribe culture. And before taking someones
photo, please ask for permission. Also, do not touch any
household items as they might be of cultural or religious
significance.
Tourist 1: Oh, Im afraid I might do something offensive without even
realizing it.
Tour Guide: Dont worry. If you are in doubt about anything at all, just
ask me.

Listen to reasons for bringing certain items when joining a trekking tour.
5.6

1. You should bring a small rucksack for your personal belongings.


2. You should bring a sun hat to keep your head covered from direct
sunlight and to prevent you from getting sunstroke.
3. You should bring a flashlight or a torch to use at night as there is no
electricity.
4. You should bring a sleeping bag to provide comfortable sleep.
5. Women should bring a sarong for bathing as there is no private
bathroom.
6. You should bring a roll of toilet paper as it is not provided.
7. You should bring some sun screen lotion to protect your skin from
sunlight.
8. You should bring some insect repellent to protect you from mosquitoes
and insects.
9. You should bring a pair of flip flops/thongs to wear in the evening and
when walking through water.
10. You should bring a water canteen or a flask to prevent dehydration.

127 
  10/08/2007
MODULE 5
Joining an Eco-tour
Lesson 2 : Experiencing a Home Stay

A. Listen to the description of a home-stay package, and complete the notes.


5.7

Package details:

Type:  half-board

Duration: ______________________________________

Place: ______________________________________

Price: ______________________________________

Activities:  spend night in Thai-style house

 ______________________________________

 watch fireflies

 ______________________________________

 take a side trip along Mae Klong River

 ________________________________

 Thai cat Preservation House

 join an afternoon river ride

 Bang Kung Camp




 ________________________________

128 
  10/08/2007
B. Listen and repeat.
5.8

Vocabulary Meaning
half-board ! $
a homestay package $
- 
!& !")
a natural and man-made canal "4 $& "%
lifestyle -$-
generosity "-  
a Thai-style house '

fireflies 

a river ride #'  & 

C.
5.9

1. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists.


Tick  the expressions the tour guide uses.

a. Please hold the rail tight.


b. Welcome to a traditional Thai style house.
c. Be careful.
d. This is what people like.
e. Here we are.
f. Im very sorry.
g. Im not quite sure.
h. This is a typical Thai house.
i. Please follow me.
j. The bathroom is at the end of the corridor.

129 
  10/08/2007
2. Put the expressions (a to j) in C1 under the correct function.

Giving a Description/ Explanation 



/4

Apologizing % 6 # ;3


.

Giving Advice )"& 


....

Informing/Welcoming &+% )/-!


.

D. Match the tour guides response to the tourists words.


. 1. Its raining. I dont want a. Im very sorry about this.
to go on a river ride. Sometimes when it rains
lightly, they dont come out.
. 2. You said there would be b. Im really sorry, but tomorrow
thousands of fireflies, the monks wont come as
but there were only a few there is a special festival at
of them. the temple. I really do
apologize for this ignorance.
. 3. Im getting bored of this c. Well, why dont we walk to the
ride. It seems to take museum instead?
ages.
. 4. What time do we have to d. Yes, its lovely, but please be
get up to offer food to careful. It can be very
the monks? slippery.
. 5. I love the path through e. Sorry to hear that. But now,
this green orchard. here we are. Welcome to the
palm sugar making village.

130 
  10/08/2007
E. Listen and repeat.
5.10

Expression Explanation
Im sorry about this + explanation )$-% 6  "4

Im very sorry, but + reason/ )$-% 6  #'  < &(  )
explanation. (#"4

Why dont we + verb? )$& ##


Please + verb. )$& 
=
Here we are. Welcome to + place. )$-! #&+)  #' *) 
*

F. Task
In groups of 3, prepare information about a homestay package at a
familiar place, including important details about type, duration,
place, price and activities. Present to the class.

Tips:
Be safety conscious. Make sure you point out any hazardous areas where
tourists could slip or fall, and offer them safety jackets when on boat rides.

131 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the description of a home-stay package, and complete the notes.
5.7

Enjoy a one night, two days, half-board, home stay package in Plai Phongpang,
Samut Songkhram., for only Bt 3,000.

Located near the Chao Phraya delta on the Gulf of Thailand, the province was
formerly called Mae Klong, named after the river running through the town.

Samut Songkhram is divided into three districts: Amphoe Mueang, Amphoe


Amphawa, and Amphoe Bang Khonthi. An extensive network of natural and
man-made canals connects all three areas.

The people of Mae Klong live a very simple lifestyle and are known for their
generosity and strong faith in Buddhism.

The half-board programme includes spending one night in a Thai style house,
experiencing the Thai way of life, and watching the fireflies in the evening,
then offering food to monks next morning, and taking a side trip along the
Mae Klong river. You may also visit the Tha Ka Floating Market, and the Thai
Cat Preservation House.

The afternoon river ride starts from the Bang Kung Camp, a military camp of
King Taksin the Great, passing through a beautiful Thai garden as well as
visiting the museum that honours King Rama II.

Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists.


5.8 Tick the expressions the tour guide uses.

Tour Guide: Be careful! We are now crossing the water on this plank
to get to the house.

Tourist1: But it is covered in water!.

Tour Guide: Im very sorry. This is not quite the right time to arrive.
It is high tide. The water will go down soon. Please walk
carefully and hold the rail tight.

Tourist 1: OK. Lucky for me that Im wearing rubber flip-flops.

132 
  10/08/2007
Tour Guide: Here we are. Welcome to a traditional Thai style house.

Tourist 2: This is gorgeous. I think its well worth walking through the
water for.

Tourist 1: I agree.

Tour Guide: This is a typical Thai house of the Central part of


Thailand. It is well suited to the way of life and the
climate. You can see the many large, high windows which
help the house keep cool. And the trees surrounding the
house bring a light refreshing breeze. Sadly, this kind
of house has now been replaced by Western-style air-
conditioned houses.

Tourist 1: Oh, what a shame!

Tour Guide: This is your bedroom. The bathroom is at the end of the
corridor.

Tourist 2: Oh, the bathroom isnt inside the bedroom?

Tour Guide: No. Local people usually take a bath in the open air, or
even in the river. The bathroom here is for your
convenience.

Tourist 2: I see. I notice they dont have fly screens on the windows.
But there are a lot of mosquitos and other insects at night,
arent there?

Tour Guide: Thai-style houses dont usually have window screens.


People sleep inside a mosquito net. The net can keep
away both the mosquitoes and the other insects, and it
isnt hot in the net.

133 
  10/08/2007
MODULE 5
Joining an Eco-tour
Lesson 3 : Admiring Natural Scenery

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide


5.11 and the tourists, and complete it.

Tour Guide: Is this your first time in Thailand, sir?


. Joel tenzin Watercolor

Tourist 1: No. We came to Thailand two years ago, but we only had time for
Bangkok and some Northern provinces. This is our first time in
the South.

Tour Guide: I see, and Im glad you have chosen Krabi.

Tourist 2: Weve heard that most of the South is beautiful, but we prefer
1. __________________________ together with some

activities or excursions.

Tour Guide: You wont be disappointed. 2. _________________________.

Tourist 1: Could you tell us briefly what we are going to do during our stay
here?

Tour Guide: Of course. After checking in and freshening up, Ill take
you 3. ____________. Well visit the Shell Fossil Beach
where you can see the 75-million-year-old 4. ____________
__________. Then well go to probably the most famous
and very beautiful beach in Krabi, the Noppharat Thara
Beach, and also visit Ao Nang which is 5. ______________
where 6. ________________________ drop right into the
sea. You can walk along the beach and enjoy the sunset.

Tourist 2: Im impressed and excited just hearing about it.

Tour Guide: Oh, this is only the beginning of our tour. We still have a lot
more to do in the program.

134 
  10/08/2007
B. Listen and repeat.
5.12

Vocabulary Meaning
natural beaches 4 $
shell fossil graveyard 

a series of bays -


limestone cliffs ( 
caves 
sunset  
5

C. Listen to the tour guide giving information about a trip in Krabi.


5.13 Fill in the table.

What to do:

What to see:

What to eat:

135 
  10/08/2007
D. Listen to the following vocabulary and repeat.
5.14

Vocabulary Meaning
an island 
to scuba-dive 
stunning coral reefs &- !# #)+
tropical fish %
marine habitats  $-) 
crystal clear water )-(*&-
to canoe 
#&"
to kayak 
#"
!"
to paddle 
#
mangrove areas # . 
bird species !45,
sea eagles 
5 
king fisher  
lobsters  !
oysters 

scallops 
$5
a sea gypsy village  $-

E. Useful expressions

Expression Explanation
First
Then.
After that )$!+ )
After + noun
After + verb ing .
Subject + will + verb.
)$*+ + 
Subject + be + verb ing.
If you wish, you can/could + verb. )$& #

136 
  10/08/2007
F. Task
Choose one activity below, using given words to describe what to do
and what to bring in joining the activity. You may add more
information if needed.
birdwatching rock climbing
- to trek  . - to hold
- binoculars ' - rope
- handbook " # - pulley 
- jutting cliffs ($!
- superb scenery -!85-

rafting and boat trip visiting a waterfall
- to raft - to swim
- bamboo raft &' '( - natural pool
- raft operator (&& - limestone cliffs
- raft excursion & - shallow cave
- long tail boat #
- - behind the falls
observing wildlife cave exploring
- to take picture - to climb
- orchids - torch/flashlight
- wild birds - stalactites 
- wild animals - stalagmites 


- camera - historical painting


- hiking boots
cycling Trekking
- to ride - to walk through
- helmet  -!>" forested mountain area
- knee pads - - %! & - overnight stay
- bottled water - hilltribe people
- trail  - national park
- mountain bike +!
=%
national park camping diving + snorkeling
- to sleep - to dive
- tent - mild waters )
- sleeping bag - colourful marine life
- camping gear - coral reefs &- !
- torch/flashlight - offshore islands  $
?;@
- rain gear - undisturbed reefs
- insect repellent - mask 
- water container - fins 
- medical kit - snorkel 
- camping area - dive season A
- monsoon 

137 
  10/08/2007
Script
Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists, and
5.11 complete it.

Tour Guide: Is this your first time in Thailand, sir?

Tourist 1: No. We came to Thailand two years ago, but we only had time
for Bangkok and some Northern provinces. This is our first
time in the South.

Tour Guide: I see, and Im glad you have chosen Krabi.

Tourist 2: Weve heard that most of the South is beautiful, but we


prefer quiet, natural beaches together with some activities
or excursions.

Tour Guide: You wont be disappointed. Krabi is just the place for you.

Tourist 1: Could you tell us briefly what we are going to do during our
stay here?

Tour Guide: Of course. After checking in and freshening up, Ill take
you on a city tour. Well visit the Shell Fossil Beach
where you can see the 75-million-year-old shell fossil
graveyard. Then well go to probably the most famous
and very beautiful beach in Krabi, the Noppharat Thara
Beach, and also visit Ao Nang which is a series of bays
where limestone cliffs and caves drop right into the sea.
You can walk along the beach and enjoy the sunset.

Tourist 2: Im impressed and excited just hearing about it.

Tour Guide: Oh, this is only the beginning of our tour. We still have
a lot more to do in the program.

138 
  10/08/2007
Listen to the tour guide giving information about a trip in Krabi. Fill in
5.14 the table.

Tour Guide: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Were heading


towards Mu Ko Lanta, a group of many different sized
islands. You can scuba dive to appreciate the stunning
coral reefs and enjoy watching tropical fish and explore
the marine habitat in crystal clear water.

If you wish, you could also canoe, kayak or paddle along


the mangrove areas where you can see many bird species,
such as sea eagles and kingfishers.

Well have lunch at Ko Lanta Yai, where fresh seafood,


such as lobsters, oysters, squid and scallops is served.

After lunch, youll have time to relax on the beach.


And on your way back to the mainland well visit the sea
gypsy village to observe their way of life and buy some
local products.

139 
  10/08/2007
MODULE 6

Eating Thai Food


and Fruits
MODULE 6
Eating Thai Food and Fruits

Lesson 1: Ordering Thai Food

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists.


6.1 Fill in the blanks with the expressions you hear.

Guide: Would you like to sit here? There is a nice view of the river
from this table.

Tourist 1: Thank you.

Guide: 1. for dinner, maam

Tourist 2: Thai food, of course.

Guide: 2. ?

Tourist 2: Oh, I really dont know. What would you recommend?

Guide: 3. some green curry?

Tourist 1: Curry? Isnt it spicy?

Guide: It can be hot, but I can ask the cook to make it less spicy if you
like.

Tourist 1: Okay then, Id like to try it.

Guide: 4. chicken, pork or prawns?

Tourist 1: I think chicken will do. Green curry with chicken is popular, isnt it?

Guide: Yes, sir. And 5. stir-fried mixed


vegetables to go with the curry.

Tourist 2: That sounds great.

B. Answer the following questions:


1. Where does this conversation take place?
.

2. What are the two tourists going to have for dinner?


141
C. Listen to these expressions and repeat.
6.2
Expression Explanation
What would you like to have/drink?  
   


How about ..(a dish / a drink)?
What about .(a dish / a drink)?


  
 

I would like to recommend . (a dish /
a drink)
Do you have anything particular in mind?  
  
  


!" 

Would you like it with (meat / dish)?  
  
 #$

 / $
 &
It is (adjective).


It has a (adjective) taste.
Id recommend (a dish) to go with 
'
 #(

(a dish).
)*

D. Repeat after the CD. Pay attention to the pronunciation.


6.3 Write the correct Thai names next to the English names.
English Name Thai Name
green curry with chicken
hot and sour prawn soup
chicken in coconut milk soup
clear soup with tofu and minced pork
spring rolls
yellow curry with chicken
steamed fish in banana leaves
papaya salad
chicken with ginger
stir-fried mixed vegetables
fish cakes
chicken with cashew nuts
spicy glass noodles salad
red curry with roast duck
barbecued/grilled chicken
prawn/shrimp cakes
chicken in pandanus leaves
stir-fried beef with oyster sauce
Thai omelette with crab meat
fried pork with garlic and pepper

142
E. A Thai dish can have variety of tastes; for example, the green curry can be
spicy, sweet, and salty. Study the adjectives describing tastes below.
Make sure you know the meanings of all words.

spicy/hot bland salty sweet


sour mild bitter greasy/oily
delicious

Write the adjective(s) describing taste(s) of the dishes below.


hot and sour prawn soup
chicken in coconut milk soup
prawn cakes
clear soup with tofu and minced pork
papaya salad
red curry with roast duck

Note: When describing tastes of the dishes, we can add quite, very,
rather, and a little to modify the tastes.
e.g. Glass noodles salad is delicious, but it can be very spicy.
The vegetables in steamed fish in banana leaves can be
a little bitter.
Green curry is quite / rather greasy.

F. Role-play
A: You are a tour guide. Recommend some Thai dishes to your
tourists.
B: You are a tourist. Ask questions about Thai dishes recommended
by the tour guide. Use the conversation in A as an example.

Tips:
Tell tourists
Thai people normally use fork and spoon to eat their food.
Some dishes can be eaten by hand, e.g. sticky rice, barbecued chicken, fresh
vegetables.
When sharing food, a serving spoon is required.

143
Script
Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists.
6.1 Fill in the blanks with the expressions you hear.

Guide: Would you like to sit here? There is a nice view of the river
from this table.

Tourist 1: Thank you.

Guide: What would you like to have for dinner, maam?

Tourist 2: Thai food, of course.

Guide: Do you have anything particular in mind?

Tourist 2: Oh, I really dont know. What would you recommend?

Guide: How about some green curry?

Tourist 1: Curry? Isnt it spicy?

Guide: It can be hot, but I can ask the cook to make it less spicy if you
like.

Tourist 1: Okay then, Id like to try it.

Guide: Would you like it with chicken, pork or prawns?

Tourist 1: I think chicken will do. Green curry with chicken is popular, isnt it?

Guide: Yes, sir. And Id recommend stir-fried mixed vegetables to


go with the curry.

Tourist 2. That sounds great.

144
MODULE 6
Eating Thai Food and Fruits

Lesson 2: Choosing What to Eat

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists


6.4 and answer the questions below.

1. What kind of meat does the tourist want her curry to be cooked with?
Why?
.

2. Apart from the curry, what else does she order?


B. Match the vocabulary with the correct description.


1. vegetarian a. soya bean curd
2. tofu b. sweet and sour crispy vermicelli
3. mee-grob c. a kind of noodle
4. khanom jeen d. a person who doesnt eat meat

Listen and repeat the following expressions.


6.5

Expression Explanation
Which would you prefer? +

Would you like to try (a dish of food)? '+


(
 )
Does it come with anything? 
 $. 
 

It is usually served with .. 

 $.   /.
We share different dishes.
12
 2   
They go very well with each other. 
 
2    3* +
Its a kind of ..
12+"4(



145
D. 1. Practice using the expressions below.

They have , or .
Which would you prefer?

e.g. They have green curry with chicken, pork or prawns. Which
would you prefer?

1. Fried rice chicken/pork/prawns


2. Clear soup large/medium/small noodles
3. your own ideas ..

2. Complete the question Would you like to try ..? with the names of
Thai dishes.

e.g. Would you like to try some Somtam?

E. Role-play
A: Help your tourists order Thai food.
B: You are a tourist. Choose the Thai dishes you would like to try.

e.g. Guide: Would you like to try ?


Tourist: What is that?
Guide: Its .
Tourist: Okay.
Guide: They have , or .
Which would you prefer?
Tourist: Id like , please.

146
Script

Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists


6.4 and answer the questions below.

Guide: They have green curry made with chicken, beef, pork or
prawns. Which would you prefer?

Tourist: Oh! I dont eat meat. Im a vegetarian.

Guide: Dont worry. I can ask them to cook the curry with tofu,
which is soya bean curd.

Tourist: Thanks. And does it come with anything?

Guide: The curry is usually served with boiled rice or sometimes with
Khanom Jeen, a kind of noodle. Also, if you eat Thai style,
we share different dishes.

Tourist: That sounds great. Lets order the green curry with tofu.

Guide: Would you like to try some Mee-grob with your curry? They
go very well with each other.

Tourist: What is that?

Guide: Its a kind of sweet and sour crispy vermicelli.

Tourist: Sounds delicious. Yes, Ill have that, too.

147
MODULE 6
Eating Thai Food and Fruits

Lesson 3: Selecting a Thai Dessert

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists


6.6 and complete the conversation.

Guide: What would you like for 1. ?

Tourist: Ive heard a lot about mango with sticky rice. Do they have it
here?

Guide: Yes, maam. 2. ?

Tourist: Is the sticky rice the same as the steamed rice we eat?

Guide: No, it is sticky rice, 3. the type of sticky


rice we eat with papaya salad and barbecued chicken. Its
steamed with coconut milk, sugar and salt. We usually eat it
as a dessert with mango or 4. like Thai
custard.

Listen again and answer the questions.

1. What does the tourist want to eat for dessert? Why?


.

2. What is the difference between the sticky rice eaten as a dessert and the
one eaten with papaya salad and barbecued chicken?

148
B. Listen and repeat. Then write the correct Thai names next to the
6.7 English names.
English Name Thai Name
Thai custard
sticky rice with mango
steamed banana cake
black sticky rice pudding
banana in coconut milk
taro balls in coconut milk
steamed layer cake Thai style
steamed Thai jelly topped with coconut milk
water chestnuts with sugar syrup and
coconut milk
fruit-shaped ground soya bean mixed with
coconut, covered with coloured gelatine

C. Task
Think of 2-3 Thai desserts. Give as clear description as possible
to the class. Let the class guess the name of the dessert.

Tips:
A lot of Thai desserts have nuts or peanuts as the ingredients. Tourists must be
informed about this because some of them may be allergic to nuts.

149
Script

Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists and


6.6 complete the conversation.

Guide: What would you like for dessert?

Tourist: Ive heard a lot about mango with sticky rice. Do they have it
here?

Guide: Yes, maam. Would you like to try it?

Tourist: Is the sticky rice the same as the steamed rice we eat?

Guide: No, it is sticky rice, but different from the type of sticky
rice we eat with papaya salad and barbecued chicken. Its
steamed with coconut milk, sugar and salt. We usually eat it
as a dessert with mango or with other toppings like Thai
custard.

150
MODULE 6
Eating Thai Food and Fruits

Lesson 4: Joining a Khan Toke Dinner

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists and


6.8 complete the conversation.

Tourist 1: Wow! This is awesome!


Guide: Yes, isnt it. This is where we are going to have our dinner.
There are two kinds of 1. : sitting
on the floor, which is the 2. , or
sitting on chairs. 3. to try sitting
on the floor?
Tourist 1: Yes. Thatll be fine. Do we sit like this?
Guide: Yes. Usually women 4. , but dont
worry, sit whatever way is comfortable for you. I know sitting
on the floor is hard for you.
Tourist 1: Thanks. This is much better.
Guide: You will also 5. the performance
from here.
Tourist 2: Oh, is there a performance as well?
Guide: Yes, they do traditional dances and, at the end, they will invite
you to join in a dance. Its fun. Traditionally this is
6. to welcome and entertain guests.
Tourist 2: Tell me; what is in these small bowls?
Guide: It is our food, 7. . Here, let me
show you. This raised-up teakwood tray is called a toke.
All the guests and hosts sit around the toke and share the
dishes between them.

151
B. Listen and repeat.
6.9
Vocabulary Meaning
seating arrangements  #) 
traditional way  4)
to sit on their legs  )2
comfortable 2
to get a good view 5#
performance  
traditional dances  '
dinner reception +)$2
 '
to welcome and entertain guests 

 (
raised-up teakwood tray 6
northern style food
 $

C. Can you name these dishes at a Khan Toke dinner in Thai and also in English.

1. It is a unique Northern style sausage with a delicious taste, and strong


herbal smell. Its ingredients are minced pork and pork intestines, seasoned
with lemon grass, kaffir lime, pepper and curcuma.
.

2. Its fried pork rind, crispy and slightly salty. It can be eaten as a snack or
an appetizer, or served as a side dish with a meal. Dip it in paste to mingle
the crispiness with a variety of spicy tastes.
.

3. Its originally a Burmese dish, but now it has become a common dish in
Northern Thailand. Its ingredients are pork belly, chopped into cubes,
curry, seasoning, peeled shallots, roasted peanuts, ripe tamarind and
chopped ginger.
.

152
4. Its a mixture of crushed, roasted young chillies with salt, eaten with sticky
rice and steamed or fresh vegetables to help tone down the strong spices.
It contains no cholesterol, so its very healthy.
.

5. Its minced pork with tomatoes and chilli paste, served with fresh
vegetables. Young, small tomatoes give the sweet and sour taste.
These ingredients must be cooked in hot oil.
.

D. 1. Look at the following vocabulary. Listen and repeat.


6.10

2. Write the Thai names next to the English names.


English Name Thai Name
sausage
Chiang Mai sausage
taste
herbal smell
lemon grass
kaffir lime
pepper
shallots
peanuts
ripe tamarind
ginger
young chillies
salt
fresh vegetables
steamed vegetables
seasoning
pork belly
pork rind
ingredients
curcuma
pork intestine
appetizer
snack
side dish
chilli paste

153
E. 1. Listen to the vocabulary for methods of cooking and repeat.
6.11

2. Write the Thai meanings.

Methods of Cooking Thai Meaning


rinse
chop
slice
mince
crush
peel
mix
pound
steam
roast
boil
barbecue
deep-fry
stir-fry
pan-fry
grind
simmer

Note: ' 1)'


 +)$  '(22 +"4(

 
chopped tomatoes = (
!
minced pork = 7
crushed peanut = + 
thinly sliced cucumber =  8
barbecued chicken = 2

F. Task
Describe one local dish, and let your classmate guess what dish
it is.

154
Script
Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and tourists.
6.8 Complete the conversation.

Tourist 1: Wow! This is awesome!


Guide: Yes, isnt it. This is where we are going to have our
dinner. There are two kinds of seating arrangements:
sitting on the floor, which is the traditional way, or sitting
on chairs. Would you like to try sitting on the floor?
Tourist 1: Yes. Thatll be fine. Do we sit like this?
Guide: Yes. Usually women sit on their legs, but dont worry, sit
whatever way is comfortable for you. I know sitting on the
floor is hard for you.
Tourist 1: Thanks. This is much better.
Guide: You will also get a good view of the performance from here.
Tourist 2: Oh, is there a performance as well?
Guide: Yes, they do traditional dances and, at the end, they will
invite you to join in a dance. Its fun. Traditionally this is
a dinner reception to welcome and entertain guests.
Tourist 2: Tell me, what is in these small bowls?
Guide: It is our food, northern-style food. Here, let me show
you. This raised-up teakwood tray is called a toke. All
the guests and hosts sit around the toke and share the
dishes between them.

155
MODULE 6
Eating Thai Food and Fruits

Lesson 5: Trying New Dishes

A. 1. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and a tourist


6.12 Answer the question and complete the conversation.

What is the tour guide doing?

Tour guide: 1. this Thai appetizer?


Its called Miang-kham.
Tourist 1: Oh, it looks lovely! But how do you eat it? There are so many
things.
Tour guide: 2. . First, you pick up a leaf
and fold it into a small cone. 3. ,
you put in a few pieces of anything you like. 4.
spoon some sauce on top of it. 5. , fold the cone
and put it in your mouth.
Tourist 1: I see. But what are these small things?
Tour guide: They are some roasted peanuts, shallots, limes, ginger,
roasted coconut, very hot chillies, and some chaplu leaves
6. lettuce.
Tourist 1: And the sauce Whats in it?
Tour guide: All the ingredients I just mentioned, except the leaves, ground
together and simmered in sugar syrup.
Ah . here comes your main course.

156
2. Listen to the conversation between the tour guide and another
6.12 tourist. Answer the question and complete the conversation.

What is the tour guide doing?

Tourist 2: Ooh, whats that? Is it the famous Pad Thai?


Tour guide: Yes, thats right. 1. .
Tourist 2: This is much better than I thought. I wish I could cook it myself.
Tour guide: 2. if you have all the main ingredients.
Tourist 2: From what I can see here, there are rice noodles, eggs, tofu, bean
sprouts, and what are these green things?
Tour guide: Theyre chives. There are also some pieces of unsalted
turnip, dried shrimps and ground peanuts. You also need
seasoning sauce which is a mixture of tamarind juice, vinegar,
palm sugar, fish sauce and powdered chilli. But you dont have
to worry about making this sauce; 3. .
Tourist 2: Thats wonderful. How do you cook Pad Thai then?
Tour guide: 4. , you fry chopped
garlic, dried shrimps and chopped tofu in
the hot oil 5. .
Then add rice noodles.6.
over a high heat, and then add chicken
stock or water and stir-fry until the
noodles soften. Turn the heat down and
add the seasoning sauce and chopped,
unsalted turnip pieces, and stir well. Then
you can add eggs, peanuts, chives and bean sprouts. Quickly
stir them together and 7. with fresh
vegetables.
Tourist 2: I dont think Ill remember all that. Can you write it down for me?
Tour guide: 8. . But now, please enjoy your Phad Thai.

157
B. Listen to the following expressions and repeat.
6.14

Expression Explanation
Have you ever tried .(dish)?  
9+
 
Its called ..(name of dish). 



Let me show you 

)# '
2 7
pick up a leaf
fold the leaf into a small cone
put in a few pieces of anything you like 
1)  
spoon some sauce on top of it
fold the cone
which can be replaced with . 
 )
Please try it. 9  
Its easy if .. 7
'+ # ' . :2 
 
())
Its now available in bottles. 
  3$

fry .. until golden brown
add ..
keep stirring

1) 


stir-fry
turn the heat down
serve piping hot
with pleasure   5#)# 2+

enjoy your ..(food).. 9   


 

2

158
C. Write the Thai names after the English vocabulary. Then listen and
6.15 repeat.
English Name Thai Name
tofu
miang-kham
cone
lettuce
sugar syrup
rice noodles
bean sprouts
chives
unsalted turnip
seasoning sauce
dried shrimp
tamarind juice
chaplu leaves
ingredients

D. a. Practice asking questions by using the following structure and the


given information.

Have you ever tried this kind of appetizer?  ;42// 


?

1. (eat) Phad Thai


2. (cook) Thai food
3. (be) to a Thai restaurant
4. (try) Miang-kham
5. (order) papaya salad

159
b. Describe how to cook or eat the following Thai dishes, using the
information given and the sequence words.

e.g. first, then, after that, finally 


($
 =   '


Khao-tang-na-tang (crispy rice cake with a Thai dip)


break the crispy rice cake into bite sized pieces
spoon a small amount of dip on the rice cake
if you like it hot, put a chilli on top of the dip

Kluay-buad-chee (banana in coconut milk)


steam the whole bananas for about 15 to 20 minutes
peel the banana and cut it into bite sized pieces
season the coconut milk with salt and palm sugar
bring it to the boil
put in the pieces of cut banana
bring it to the boil again

D. Role-play
In groups of 3-4, prepare a scene in a restaurant where a tour
guide has to explain to the tourists how to eat/cook Thai dishes.
Perform the skit in front of the class.

160
Script

A. 1. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and a tourist.


6.12 Answer the question and complete the conversation.

Tour guide: Have you ever tried this Thai appetizer? Its called Miang-
kham.
Tourist 1: Oh, it looks lovely! But how do you eat it? There are so many
things.
Tour guide: Let me show you. First, you pick up a leaf and fold it into a
small cone. After that, you put in a few pieces of anything
you like. Then spoon some sauce on top of it. Finally, fold
the cone and put it in your mouth.
Tourist 1: I see. But what are these small things?
Tour guide: They are some roasted peanuts, shallots, limes, ginger,
roasted coconut, very hot chillies, and some chaphu leaves
which can be replaced with lettuce.
Tourist 1: And the sauce Whats in it?
Tour guide: All the ingredients I just mentioned, except the leaves, ground
together and simmered in sugar syrup.
Ah . here comes your main course.

161
2. Listen to the conversation between the tour guide and another
6.13 tourist. Answer the question and complete the conversation.

Tourist 2: Ooh, whats that? Is it the famous Pad Thai?


Tour guide: Yes, thats right. Please try it.
Tourist 2: This is much better than I thought. I wish I could cook it myself.
Tour guide: Its easy if you have all the main ingredients.
Tourist 2: From what I can see here, there are rice noodles, eggs, tofu, bean
sprouts, and what are these green things?
Tour guide: Theyre chives. There are also some pieces of unsalted
turnip, dried shrimps and ground peanuts. You also need
seasoning sauce which is a mixture of tamarind juice, vinegar,
palm sugar, fish sauce and powdered chilli. But you dont have
to worry about making this sauce; its now available in bottles.
Tourist 2: Thats wonderful. How do you cook Pad Thai then?
Tour guide: First, you fry chopped garlic, dried shrimps and chopped tofu
in the hot oil until golden brown. Then add rice noodles.
Keep stirring over a high heat, and then add chicken stock or
water and stir-fry until the noodles soften. Turn the heat
down and add the seasoning sauce and chopped, unsalted turnip
pieces, and stir well. Then you can add eggs, peanuts,
chives and bean sprouts. Quickly stir them together and serve
piping hot with fresh vegetables.
Tourist 2: I dont think Ill remember all that. Can you write it down for me?
Tour guide: With pleasure. But now, please enjoy your Phad Thai.

162
MODULE 6
Eating Thai Food and Fruits

Lesson 6: Knowing Thai Friuts

A. Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing information.


6.16

Guide: This is a typical Thai fresh market. Its usually divided into
separate sections of flowers, fruits, vegetables, and meat.
There are also sections for cooked food and small groceries.
Tourist: Wow, look at those fruits. They look wonderful with all shapes
and colors. But what is that smell? Does it come from
1. ?
Guide: Youre right. The smell comes from that 2. ,
oval, spiky fruit. Its called durian.
Tourist: I remember seeing the sign at the hotel with a cross on this
fruit. Now I know why they dont allow it in the hotel. But I
wonder why its so popular?
Guide: Its so delicious that people 3. .
Tourist: Really? How do you eat it?
Guide: We cut it open and the inside is yellow 4. .
covering a seed. The flesh is tender, sweet and creamy.
5. or some people like to put the
flesh, especially the very soft flesh in coconut milk and eat
it 6. .
Tourist: Well, very interesting. And what are those things in the small
plastic bag? They look like chips.
Guide: Oh yes, those are durian chips made from unripe durian.
Very delicious and no smell at all.

163
B. Listen to the following vocabulary and repeat.
6.17

Vocabulary Meaning
spiky )
yellowish-green ()2
+

oval 7(
smell +
the inside $
:2
tender ;+
creamy 
durian chips ; )2

unripe ;

C. Useful language patterns to describe fruits

1. What does it look/taste like? ')2+"4 + 

Its shape / size


+
Theyre flesh
It looks skin / shell / peel
They look taste

shape / size skin/shell/peel


- like a big apple - bumpy outer skin
- similar to . in size - with pale brown skin
- bell-shaped - shiny skin
- star-shaped - sticky skin
- oval in shape / oval-shaped - spiky shell
- lime-sized - hairy shell
- in bunches - dark brown smooth shell
- dark purple, hard outer shell

flesh taste
- soft / tender - sweet
- succulent / juicy - sour
- creamy - bitter
- translucent

164
')21)   '
(*$ 
2. How do we eat it?
2' 2

- press with hands to open it


- discard stalk and eyes
- peel off the skin/ peel the skin off
- remove the seeds inside and eat flesh
- eat when ripe
- slice fruit lengthwise
- remove seeds if desired
- twist the shell round the center
- cut in half lengthways
- avoid the sap
- drink its juice
- use spoon to scrape the flesh

3. Should we eat it with anything? '?+$. 


  

- with sticky rice and coconut cream


- with fresh lime squeezed on top
- with salt and sugar and chilli

4. When is it in season? '?+$. ) +

- Its in season from (month) to (month) .


- Its available all year round.

Tips:
Tourists may not be familiar with Thai fruits. Some warnings should be given.
e.g.
The skin of a mangosteen can stain the clothes and cannot be washed.
The seed of a langsart tastes terribly bitter.
Do not bite the skin of a longan.

165
D. Listen to the description of the fruits, and give the Thai name for
6.18 each description.

E. Listen to the names of the fruits and repeat.


6.19

English Name Thai Name


mangosteen  ;
mango 
pomelo 6

sapodilla +;
rose apple 7
guava 8 
tamarind (
langsart + 
dragon fruit 
rambutan  
longan +'2
custard apple 
2
jackfruit (;
jujube ; 
star fruit @A

F. Task
Choose one of the fruits that you would like to recommend the
tourists to try. Describe it and explain how to eat it.

166
Script

A. 1. Listen to the conversation and fill in the missing information.


6.16

Guide: This is a typical Thai fresh market. Its usually divided into
separate sections of flowers, fruits, vegetables, and meat.
There are also sections for cooked food and small groceries.
Tourist: Wow, look at those fruits. They look wonderful with all shapes
and colors. But what is that smell? Does it come from
those spiky ones?
Guide: Youre right. The smell comes from that yellowish-green,
oval, spiky fruit. Its called durian.
Tourist: I remember seeing the sign at the hotel with a cross on this fruit.
Now I know why they dont allow it in the hotel. But I wonder why
its so popular?
Guide: Its so delicious that people dont mind its smell.
Tourist: Really? How do you eat it?
Guide: We cut it open and the inside is yellow tender flesh covering a
seed. The flesh is tender, sweet and creamy. We eat it by
itself or some people like to put the flesh, especially the very
soft one in coconut milk and eat it with sweet sticky rice.
Tourist: Well, very interesting. And what are those things in the small
plastic bag? They look like chips.
Guide: Oh yes, those are durian chips made from unripe durian. Very
delicious and no smell at all.

167
Listen to the description of the fruits, and give the Thai name for each
6.18 description.

1. It has red hairy shells and translucent, juicy and sweet flesh. The seed in
the middle cannot be eaten. It is in season from May to September.

2. This fruit has a dark purple, hard, thick outer shell and is of the same size
as a small orange. Twist open the shell, and the small segments of white,
juicy, sweet and succulent flesh are revealed. Its in season from April to
September.

3. Its a small round fruit with a dark brown smooth shell. The flesh is
translucent and it has a black round seed in the middle. It comes in
bunches. Its in season from June to August.

4. Its green when its young and it turns yellow when its ripe. Its oval in
shape with a large flat seed in the middle. To eat it, the skin needs to be
peeled off and the flesh is sliced from both sides of the seed. The flesh is
yellow, sweet and juicy. Its in season from March to June.

5. Its a small oval-shaped fruit with a brown skin. The flesh is reddish brown
and very sweet. The skin needs to be peeled off and the black seeds cannot
be eaten. Its in season from September to December.

6. The fruit has thick outer skin which has to be peeled off and the flesh is
separated into wedges. Each wedge is covered with a thin white skin which
needs to be removed. When ripe, its very sweet. Its available all year
round.

7. Its a round and medium-sized fruit with a pale green bumpy outer skin. Its
flesh is white and sweet. It has many black seeds. To eat it, split it with
your hands. You may use a spoon to eat the flesh and discard the skin and
the seeds. Its in season from June to September.

8. The fruit has a little spiky thick shell. The inside is divided into segments
of thick, sweet, yellow flesh with a big stone. When cut open, sap comes
out and must be wiped out. Its available all year round.

9. Its a bell-shaped, light green, pink or red skinned fruit. Its sweet, crispy
and juicy, and can be eaten without peeling off its skin. Its available all
year round.

168
10. Its a small oval green shiny fruit with a sweet taste. The flesh is like an
apples. The seed in the middle cannot be eaten. Its in season from
August to February.

11. It looks like an apple but larger and it has shiny light green skin which can
be eaten. Its sweet and crispy. It contains a lot of small seeds in the
middle. Its available all year round.

12. Its a small round fruit with a pale yellowish brown skin. The inside is
translucent and is divided into sections. The larger sections usually
contain a stone which is very bitter and cannot be eaten. Its in season
from July to October.

13. It looks like a long bean but larger. The skin is brown and crispy when ripe.
When the skin is taken off, the inside is divided into small sections of soft
brown flesh with a big seed in each section. There are two varieties:
sweet and sour. The sweet one is eaten as fruit. The sour one is used in
cooking.

14. Its a yellowish green, roughly oval-shaped fruit. When cut cross-
sectionally, it looks like a star. Its taste is a combination of sweetness and
sourness.

15. It looks like a small pineapple, but it is reddish pink. The flesh is either
white or red with very small black sesame-like seeds which can be eaten.

169
MODULE 7
Going on a Shopping
and Factory Tour
MODULE 7
Going on a Shopping and Factory Tour
Lesson 1 : Shopping with a Tour Guide

A. Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists,


7.1 and answer the questions.

1. What is the tourist looking for?


2. What is it made of?
3. Where can it be purchased?

B. Listen and repeat.


7.2

Expression Explanation
Are you looking for something special?  
  
What does it look like?  !

Vocabulary Meaning
shopping time  
bedspread "!#
$%
appliqu patchwork

cotton &'%
product of the hilltribes "
()*
available $+,- %
tribal handicraft shop %-


171
C. Study how to describe a product.

When describing a product, mention materials used, size, shape and how to use.

1. Describing materials: What is it made of/ from? (singular item)


What are they made of/ from? (plural items)

It is made of/ from ..

fabric/material
- silk
- cotton
- polyester
- nylon

silver-coloured metal
- silver
- pewter
- iron / steel
- platinum
They are made of/ from..
wood
- mango wood
- teak wood
- rosewood
- coconut wood
- local softwood

cane or wickerwork
- bamboo
- rattan
- water hyacinth
- Yarn-li-pao (a creeping plant, belonging to the
same family as the familiar ferns)

gold-coloured metal
- gold
- bronze
- brass
- gold-plated

172
Practise telling your partner what the following products are made of:

e.g. a dress: A dress is made of silk. This dress is made of polyester.

a handbag a ring a hat


a spoon a pillow case a pair of sunglasses
a bracelet a basket a box

2. Describing Size:

How high/long/wide/deep/thick is it? (singular item)


How high/long/wide/deep/thick are they? (plural items)

Study how to describe size. Listen and repeat.

* Its approximately this ---big / long


(use your hands to show size)

* It must be narrower than   this piece.

* It must be wider than   that piece.

* It must be taller than  that one.

* It must be higher than  that one.

* It must be lower than this one.

* It must be smaller than this one.

173
* It must be deeper than this one.
(eg. pond, swimming pool, sink, bath, drawer)

Pool 1

Pool 2

* It must be thicker than  that one.

* It must be longer than   that one.

174
3. Describing shape:

What does it look like? (singular item)


What do they look like? (plural items)

It is + adjective.
They are + adjective.

square

rectangular

oval

triangular

round

flat

cylindrical

spherical

pentagonal

hexagonal

heart-shaped

star-shaped

175
It is like a/an + noun (singular).
They are like + noun (plural).

a ball / balls.

It is like
a small box / small boxes.
They are like

a bird cage / bird cages.

a fan / fans.

Identify the shapes. Put the correct shape under the right picture.

a. b. c.

d. e. f.

176
Fill in the missing words describing shape. Then listen to the answers.
7.3

Tourist: Hey, look at those cute little boxes.

Tour Guide: Yes, theyre perfect for putting


gifts or jewellery in.

Tourist: I cant decide which I prefer, the a. one or the


b. _________ one. What do you think?

Tour Guide: Wait a minute. There are some c. __________ ones

over there, and here is a d. __________ one.

Tourist: Yes, and heres a e. ___________ one.

Tour Guide: There are four different colours too: red, blue, green and
yellow.

Tourist: I dont know what to choose. I like them all.

4. Talking about price:

How much does it cost? (singular item)


It is ______ baht.

How much do they cost? (plural items)


They are _____ baht.

How much is it in + currency?


(dollars, yen, euro, etc.)

Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.


7.4

a. What does the tourist buy?


b. How much is it?
c. How does she pay?

Tips:
When the tourists shop, the tour guide should help them only when they ask for
assistance.

177
Listen and repeat.
7.5

Expression Explanation
I will ask for you. . / !
0+1$+2 - 3-
I dont think so. . / ! -0/% %  #(
They will sell at a fixed price. 4   !
 ! /
Thats no problem. %%  $56-1, 2 / 2 -7 2
They take (name of credit card). .+ -14  4
!/
//

NOTE: , Do they take plastic? !,  , /%4


!/
/- 

5. Talking about the use:

What is it for? (singular item?)


What are they for? (plural items)

How do you use it/them?

Listen to the following conversations and complete the notes.


7.6

a.

Name of product: .

How to use it:  .

 .

 .

Advantages:  massage feet

 .

178
b.

Name of product: .

How to use it:  .

 .

Advantages:  get grated coconut flesh to make coconut cream

Listen and repeat.


7.7

Vocabulary Meaning
a foot massager 1$2/1
to roll your feet 31
to relax " !%
a funny-looking thing  1$/2 3

a coconut grater 1$23/
mature coconut flesh  .
to squeeze !
coconut cream 1
a half-shelled coconut " $
a saw blade 4$/

D. Role-play
In pairs, prepare a skit of a shopping scene.
A is a tour guide and B is a tourist.
Include all the descriptions studied in this lesson.

Tips:
A tour guide should recommend high-quality OTOP products to tourists to promote
local wisdom and encourage villagers to conserve the local craftsmanship.

179
Script

Listen to the conversation between a tour guide and the tourists,


7.1 and answer the questions.

Tour guide: Now its shopping time. Are you looking for something
special?
Tourist: I want a bedspread, similar to the one my friend bought from
Thailand last year.
Tour guide: What does it look like?
Tourist: Its a kind of appliqu patchwork. And I think its made of
cotton. Probably it is a hill tribe product.
Guide: Well, I dont think its available in the shopping mall, but
we could try one of the tribal handicraft shops.
Tourist: Could you take me to one?
Tour guide: Yes, of course.

Listen to the answer.


7.3

Tourist: Hey look at those cute little boxes.


Tour Guide: Yes, theyre perfect for putting gifts or jewellery in.
Tourist: I cant decide which I prefer, the oval one or the
hexagonal one. What do you think?
Tour Guide: Wait a minute. There are some triangular ones over
there, and here is a square one.
Tourist: Yes, and heres a heart-shaped one.
Tour Guide: There are four different colours too: red, blue, green and
yellow.
Tourist: I dont know what to choose. I like them all.

180
Listen to the conversation and answer the questions.
7.4

Tourist: How much does this silk shawl cost? Is it more expensive
than the one in the showroom?
Guide: Im not sure. I will ask for you.
Its 1,250 Baht.
Tourist: How much is that in US dollars?
Guide: About 30 US dollars.
Tourist: Thats a little expensive. Do you think she could lower the
price?
Guide: I dont think so. They sell at a fixed price here.
Tourist: Alright then, Ill take it. Do they take plastic?
Guide: Yes, thats no problem. They take Visa, Mastercard and
Amex.

Listen to the following conversations and complete the notes.


7.6

a.
Tourist: What is it?
Guide: Its a foot massager.
Tourist: A foot massager? How do you use it?
Guide: Just sit on a chair and put your feet on the foot
massager and roll your feet back and forth on it.
It will massage your feet and help you relax.

b.
Tourist: What is that funny-looking thing? It looks like a toy rabbit.
What is it for?
Guide: Its a coconut grater. We use it to grate mature coconut
flesh before squeezing it to get coconut cream.
Tourist: Oh, thats interesting! How do you use it?
Guide: Let me show you. You sit on its back. Then you rub a
half-shelled coconut on the saw blade, and youll get the
grated coconut flesh.

181
MODULE 7
Going on a Shopping and Factory Tour
Lesson 2: Visiting a Factory

A. Listen to the conversation and fill in the blanks.


7.8

Tourist: Oh, this factory is huge!

Tour Guide: Yes, it is. They produce and 1. worldwide.

Tourist: I see. What is that man doing?

Tour Guide: He is rubbing the assembled chair 2. to


make it smooth and ready for the next step.

Tourist: The chair must have been through many steps before we got
those wonderful chairs we see now in the showroom.

Tour Guide: Of course. 3. , they need to


prepare the wood by drying it over a long period of time.
It must be completely dry to prevent it from cracking.
4. , they have to cut it into shapes as designed.
5. , they put the parts together.

Tourist: They then smooth it with the sand paper like that. Right?

Tour Guide: Yes. 6. they pass it to the carver. The


carving 7. and is a highly-
skilled craft since it is a very delicate task.

Tourist: So if I wanted to have a set of a dining table and eight chairs,


how long would it take?

Tour Guide: I think it will take a few months. If you are serious
about it, 8. . They can ship it
right to you.

Tourist: How do they charge it?

Tour Guide: Normally, 9. , plus insurance.


Lets talk to the manager.

Tourist: Great.

182
B. Listen to the expressions and repeat.
7.9
Expression Explanation
They produce and export ..(product).. 4  8 "
. !
Subject + verb + to verb. 4  1, 2 / 2 -7 2  2 +#/ !*
e.g. He is rubbing the chair to make it smooth. /
First,
Then,
4 
"

After that, + subject + verb


And then,
It takes + time/period of time + to verb
4 %"
!
e.g. It takes a few months to finish.
If you are serious about it, Ill find out for you. . / !
0+ %-
 32
-
Its charged by volume, plus insurance. 4 !

C. Listen to the vocabulary, study its meaning and repeat.


7.10
Vocabulary Meaning
the factory 8 
to produce "

to export
teakwood furniture !2   
to rub /
to assemble  4
completely dry .- 1
to prevent from cracking ' .

the carver   . 
a highly-skilled craft &9  3
a delicate task  $%/
to ship !
to charge !/!
volume 

insurance 

D. Task
You are a tour guide. Prepare a talk about taking tourists to
a factory. Tell them about the process of making a product of your
choice. Do not tell them the name of the product. Let your
classmates guess.

183
Script

Listen to the conversation and fill in the blanks.


7.8

Tourist: Oh, this factory is huge!


Tour Guide: Yes, it is. They produce and export teak furniture world
wide.
Tourist: I see. What is that man doing?
Tour Guide: He is rubbing the assembled chair with sand paper to
make it smooth and ready for the next step.
Tourist: The chair must have been through many steps before we got
those wonderful chairs we see now in the showroom.
Tour Guide: Of course. First, they need to prepare the wood by
drying it over a long period of time. It must be
completely dry to prevent it from cracking. Then, they
have to cut it into shapes as designed. After that, they
put the parts together.
Tourist: They then smooth it with the sand paper like that. Right?
Tour Guide: Yes. And then they pass it to the carver. The carving
takes a long time and is a highly-skilled craft since it is a
very delicate task.
Tourist: So if I wanted to have a set of a dining table and eight
chairs, how long would it take?
Tour Guide: I think it will take a few months. If you are serious
about it, Ill find out for you. They can ship it right to
you.
Tourist: How do they charge it?
Tour Guide: Normally, its charged by volume, plus insurance. Lets
talk to the manager.
Tourist: Great.

184
Answer Key
Module 1: Social Interaction

Lesson 1: Meeting Tourists


A. 1. Shes a tour guide.
2. Shes introducing herself.
3. She works for the Lanna Travel Company.
4. Dao.

E. 1. Its for Sawat.


2. A (private) Agro-Tour.
3. Mr Franz Werner and Miss Marie LeBlanc.
4. Two days.
5. The Amora Rydges Hotel.
6. At 8:00 a.m.

F. 1. a. Excuse me
b. Im sorry.
2. c. Are you
d. Im your guide
e. Welcome to Thailand.

J. 1. He didnt show up at the meeting point.


2. He overslept.
3. Yes, he will.

Lesson 2: Introducing People


A. 1. a. This is
b. Nice to meet you, too.
2. c. I didnt catch your name.
d. you can call me Pong.

Lesson 3: Making Small Talk


A. 1. Ms Le Blanc: Country: France Nationality: French
Mr Werner: Country: Germany Nationality: German
3.a. 1) Hes American.
2) Shes from France.
3) Hes Swedish.
4) Im from Thailand.
5) Theyre Japanese.
6) Shes from Israel.
7) Were Italian.
8) Shes British.

B. 1. a. are c. How about you


b. I just guessed d. do for a living

3. 1) Hes a mechanic. 7) Hes a hairdresser.


2) Hes a businessman. 8) Shes a doctor.
3) Shes a dressmaker. 9) Hes a taxi driver.
4) Shes a musician. 10) Hes a carpenter.
5) Hes a policeman. 11) Theyre factory workers.
6) Shes a gardener. 12) Shes a secretary.

185  
10/08/2007
C. 1. a. Its a great city, with lots to do and see.
It has the Eiffel Tower.
It also has superb restaurants and a great night life.
b. Europe has four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.
But Thailand has three seasons: summer, the rainy season and
the cold season.
c. Its a cold season.
d. In the German Alps or in Germany.
e. Its very cold in winter.

3. 1) e. It is mountainous.
2) d. It is a small village.
3) a. It is an island.
4) c. It has beautiful beaches.
5) f. It is a modern city.
6) b. It is a rural area.

4. a. Questions Responses

a) Whats (the city/town) like? 3,4,5,6


3) Its very peaceful and welcoming.
4) Its a town surrounded by mountains.
5) It has one of the most beautiful beaches in
Thailand.
6) Its a centre for business and commerce
b) Is it near the sea? 7
7) (Yes, it is.) Its about an hours drive from one
of the most beautiful beaches in Thailand.
c) Does it have any mountains? 4
4) (Yes, it does.) Its a town surrounded by
mountains.
d) Do you have any snow in Thailand? 1
1) No, we dont. We are a tropical country.
e) Are there many tourist attractions? 2,5
2) (Yes) There are various places to visit, such
5) (Yes) It has one of the most beautiful beaches
in Thailand.

Lesson 4: Giving Opinions


A.

Opinions towards governments


Needs
Good Suggestions
Improvement
should do more to support the tourist industry in

Guide Thailand
(some policies)

Tourist  should have some new policies to support industry and


create more jobs for the people

186  
10/08/2007
C.

its not a problem. P its a big problem. N


its getting worse. N its improving. P

Lesson 5: Accepting Praise & Criticism

A. 1. His English is very good.


2. They praise him.

C. 1. P 1)

C 2)

C 3)

C 4)

P 5)

C
6)

P
7)

C. 2. 1) You are very helpful


c) Youre welcome.

2) I cant understand what you are saying.


f) Im sorry. I will try to speak more clearly.

3) Why do you keep taking us around old temples?


g) Im sorry if you are not enjoying it, but much of Thai culture is
based on Buddhism, and these historical temples are part of the tour.

4) This journey is taking ages.


d) Im sorry. It wont be long now.

5) I really enjoyed seeing the lovely gardens.


e) Im so glad to hear that.

6) Its too hot in this bus.


b) Im sorry. Ill turn the air-conditioning up.

7) Id like to give you a tip.


a) Thank you very much.

187  
10/08/2007
Lesson 6: Dealing with Complaints
A. 1. make a complaint
2. Whats wrong
3. Im sorry to hear that.
4. That was okay then?
5. what happened?
6. Im really sorry you have had this bad experience.
7. I will make sure it doesnt happen again.

Lesson 7: Coping with Emergencies


A. 1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 

D. 1. help
2. sick
3. collapsed
4. tissues
5. hospital
6. worse

G a) 6. She is feeling dizzy.


b) 7. He has a broken bone in his leg.
c) 4. He has a mosquito bite.
d) 8. He has a headache.
e) 2. He has a stomach ache.
f) 9. He has diarrhea.
g) 5. He has a sore knee.
h) 3. He is vomiting.
i) 1. He has an itchy neck.

H. 1 1) I asked for vegetarian food and they have given me meat.


d) I am very sorry. I will get it changed immediately.

2) Ouch! That dog just bit me. Is it dangerous?


c) It could be. You must go to the hospital to have a rabies shot as soon as possible.

3) A man on a motorcycle just stole my handbag and my money and passport are in it.
a) First, make a report to the police, and then you must contact your embassy or
consulate as soon as possible.

4) Come quickly. There is a snake in my room.


e) Dont panic; we will try to chase it away.

5) Oh no! Ive lost my camera. Have you seen it anywhere?


b) Why dont you check in the bus first and, if you cant find it, you should report its
loss to the police for your insurance records

188  
10/08/2007
Lesson 8: Bidding Farewell
A. 1. I hope you had a very good time here.
2. Its very kind of you to say so.
3. I am willing to accept the blame.
4. there is anything I can do for you.
5. Have a safe trip home.

C. 1
TOURIST GUIDE

1. Thank you so much for helping me. d. It was no problem at all. Thats my job.
e. No problem. Youre welcome.
2. Thats a nice shirt you are a. Thanks. Im glad you like it.
wearing.
3. Youve really taken care of us. e. No problem. Youre welcome.
d. It was no problem at all. Thats my job.

4. I think we have to say goodbye. b. Goodbye. Have a safe trip.


Its time to board the plane.
5. Well, thanks again. I hope to see c. It was my pleasure. Goodbye.
you in the near future.

189  
10/08/2007
Module 2: Giving Information

Lesson 1: Talking about Days and Dates

A. 1. a. Monday e. Friday
b. Sunday f. Friday
c. Saturday g. Friday
d. Saturday

2. a. b) Monday
d) Wednesday
f) Friday

4. a. 2) Q. When is the City and Temple Tour? A. Its on Monday afternoon.

3) Q. When is the Khantoke Dinner? A. Its on Thursday evening.

4) Q. When is the closing ceremony? A. Its on Friday afternoon.

5) Q. When is the goodbye party? A. Its on Friday evening.

6) Q. When are the delegates free? A. Theyre free on Tuesday


evening and Thursday
afternoon.

7) Q. When is the visit to the elephant camp? A. Its on Tuesday morning.

B. 1. a. July 9th
b. 1870
c. 20/12/2005
d. B.E.2325
e. 4th Thursday of November

3. a. the first of January, two thousand and six or January the first,
two thousand and six
b. Monday the nineteenth of September, nineteen seventy-two
c. Wednesday, the twelfth of February, two thousand or Wednesday,
December the second, two thousand
d. the twenty-eighth of August, seventeen fifty-three
e. the thirty-first of March, eighteen forty-five

Lesson 2: Talking about Time


A. 1. ii) Its noon.
2. i) Its six oclock in the morning
3. ii) Its a quarter past five
4. i) Its one thirty a.m. /p.m.
5. ii) Its twenty past eleven
12 1 12 12
11 11 1 11 1
1. 2. 3.
10 2 2 2
10 10
9 3 3 3
9 9

8 4 8 4 8 4

7 5 7 7
6 5 5
6 6
190  
10/08/2007
12 1 12 1 12 1
11 11 11
4. 5. 6.
10 2 10 2 10 2

9 3 9 3 9 3

8 4 8 4 8 4

7 5 7 5 7 5
6 6 6

C 1. It opens at nine oclock in the morning.

2. It closes at four thirty in the afternoon.

or It closes at half-past four in the afternoon.

3. Its open from nine a.m. to five p.m.

4. It opens from eight thirty in the morning to five oclock in the afternoon.

5. It closes at five in the afternoon.

6. It closes at seven p.m. / at seven oclock in the evening.

Lesson 3: Talking about Distance, Area, and Length of Time

A. 1. seven hundred and thirty-nine (739) square kilometres

2. one hundred (100) kilometres from here.

3. two hours

D. 1. a. three hundred and forty thousand rai or five hundred and fifty square kilometres.
b. about one hundred kilometres
c. an hour and a half
d. a couple of hours
e. eight hundred and seventy one kilometres

Lesson 4: Talking about the Weather

A. 1.  2.  3. 
4.  5.  6. 

191  
10/08/2007
C.  1)
 2)
 3)
 4)
 5)

Lesson 5: Talking about an Itinerary


A. 1. Take a boat
2. cruise
3. 10.30
4. Tour
5. View
6. Board the coach
7. Visit
8. enjoy

C. 1. First
2. After that
3. Then
4. Next
5. Finally

192  
10/08/2007
Module 3: Exploring the City and Visiting Temples

Lesson 1: Describing a City

D. a. Name Phuket
Location west coast of southern Thailand
Size 543 km2
Population 250,000 people, (65% Buddhists, 35% Muslims)
Distance 862 km. from Bangkok
Weather hot and wet (November to February: sunny & cool)
Special Feature(s) island in the Andaman sea
Pearl of the Andaman, beautiful beaches and abundant
marine life

b. Name Nakhon Ratchasima (Korat)


Location northeastern plateau
Size Thailands largest province: 21, 252 km2
Population 2,000,000 people
Distance 260 km. from Bangkok
Weather hot and dry (December-January: cool in morning)
Special Feature(s) Gateway to the northeast
province of Khmer ruins
Thailands largest province

c. Name Chiang Rai


Location North of Thailand, 580 metres above sea level
Size 11,678 km2
Population 1,000,000 people
Distance 785 km. from Bangkok
Weather morning: cool, afternoon: hot
Special Feature(s) Thailands northernmost province
colourful hilltribes, Golden Triangle, border crossing

Lesson 2: Talking about History

A. 1. was founded
2. Chakri Dynasty
3. reigning
4. absolute monarchy
5. democracy
6. constitutional democracy
7. used to be called
8. modernization
9. made way for

D. 1. decided
2. was founded
3. was surrounded
4. was
5. built
6. became

193  
10/08/2007
7. was occupied
8. was reclaimed
9. appointed
10. was
11. appointed

E. Sukhothai

year of founding 1238


meaning of city name Dawn of Happiness
name of greatest king King Ramkamhaeng
significance of his reign - invention of Thai alphabet
- announcement of Buddhism as national religion
decline of kingdom became part of Kingdom ofAyutthaya

Ayutthaya
year of founding 1350 AD
duration of kingdom from 1350 to 1767 AD
social system hierarchical
names of greatest kings and their King Narai relations with western
significance superpowers  greatest era
of international trade
King Naresuan gained back
independence of Ayutthaya

Lesson 3: Visiting the Grand Palace

A. Should  Should not 


dress politely wear tops with straps
that show bare shoulders
wear long trousers wear shorts or mini-skirts
or skirts and that show legs
shirts with sleeves
wear sandals

Lesson 4: Visiting the Temple of the Emerald Buddha

A. 1. The Temple of the Emerald Buddha


Year of construction: 1784
Location: eastern section of the Grand Palace
Purpose of construction: to install the Emerald Buddha
Difference from other temples: no resident monks
Significance of the central building: houses the Emerald Buddha
Inside the covered galleries: worlds longest mural paintings
(depicting the tales of Ramayana)
In the buildings of royal and
religious significance: house statues of the past kings of the Chakri
Dynasty and their ashes
Along the passages between
the buildings: stand statues of mythical figures

194  
10/08/2007
2. The Emerald Buddha
Year of discovery: 1434
Location found: Chiang Rai
Material used: green jade
Size: 66 cm tall (including the base), 48.3 cm wide
Attitude (gesture): meditation
Previous locations (where the Emerald Buddha used to be):
Chiang Rai, Lampang, Chiang Mai, Vientiane
Date of installation at the Temple of the Emerald Buddha: 1784
Important ceremonies concerning the Emerald Buddha image:
the King changes the seasonal costumes of the Emerald Buddha

D. 3 a.
5 b.
6 c.
2 d.
4 e.
1 f.

Lesson 5: Entering a Temple

A. 3 chedi
1 viharn/sermon hall
6 pavilion
4 belfry
2 bot/ordination hall
5 monks cells/kuti
7 crematorium

B. 2.  /
 

 



 


3. (suggested answers)
on the right


in front of

near 
beside
 
beyond 
over 
above 

c. 1. a very thin gold leaf


2. attitude
3. meditation
4. sprinkling
5. fortune sticks
6. the Principal Buddha Image

195  
10/08/2007
Lesson 6: Exploring the City
A.
X or  Place
X the National Stadium
 university
 international companies
X the Planetarium
 the Public Library
 embassies
X Public Park
 City Hall
 business offices
X the Victory Monument
 roundabout
X railway station
X the National Theatre
 the City Pillar
X Parliament
 banks
 the National Museum
 Chinatown
X the National Zoo

196  
10/08/2007
Module 4: Learning about Thai Festivals
Lesson 1: Describing Joyous Festivals

A. Notes

What: Songkran Festival


When: April 13-15
Where: nationwide
Why: to celebrate traditional Thai New Year
Activities: giving alms early in the morning or going to the temple to give food and
offerings to monks
setting free birds, fish and turtles
bringing sand into temple compounds
building small sand castles
sprinkling scented water on Buddha images and statues
visiting elderly to ask for a blessing
water-throwing

B.
Vocabulary and Expression Meaning
joyous festival  
to make merit !
to give alms 
offerings
" #
to set free birds $ 
to release sins "$
to symbolize %&!'()
cleansing of the soul *#++
temple compound  (
sand castles &/ + , )
sinful %
misfortune *-
to sprinkle scented water on sacred &.#
Buddha images
to ask for a blessing

water-throwing & .

197  
10/08/2007
Lesson 2: Talking about Festivals

A. 1. float a krathong
2. to ask for forgiveness
3. pay homage to the river goddess
4. in the twelfth lunar month
5. According to legend
6. firework displays
7. hot-air balloons are released

C. 1.
Vocabulary Meaning
Buddhist Lent 


bundle 
Bho leaf  
float 

c.2
Vocabulary Meaning
cashew nut tree    
shrine 
mosque 

ritual 
indigenous culture !"

#!$#%&
procession 
wooden sculpture
()!*
mystic ceremonies +!
fire and water wading ,$-,*.

Lesson 3: Describing Religious Festivals

A. 1. enlightenment
2. of the sixth lunar month
3. offering alms to the monks
4. listening to sermons
5. candle-lit procession
6. meditating
7. purify
8. human sufferings
9. left his worldly wealth
10. Noble Truth
11. Eight-Fold Path
12. attained
13. participate
14. religious belief
15. convert

198  
10/08/2007
Lesson 4: Describing Royal Festivals

A. 1. held annually
2. the Temple of Dawn
3. robes and offerings
4. on the throne
5. elegantly carved
6. covered in gold leaf
7. The procession
8. chants
9. Spectators

C. 1. The Royal Ploughing Ceremony


2. at the beginning of the rice planting season around May
3. at Sanam Luang Grounds in Bangkok
4. b) To provide moral support to Thai farmers
5. The King: a) presides the ceremony
b) gives awards to most outstanding farmers
c) appoints Lord of the Festival
(or Phraya Raek-Naa)
Phraya Raek-Naa: chooses panung as prediction of amount of rain in the
approaching planting season
The Ploughing: a) sacred bulls draw plough turning furrows
b) Lord of the Festival scatters rice seeds over newly-turned
earth
c) sacred bulls choose 7 different foods and drinks (to predict
abundance of agricultural products and trade for the coming
year)
People: gather precious rice seeds (to ensure good crop in the next year)

199  
10/08/2007
Module 5: Joining an Eco-Tour
Lesson 1: Enjoying Trekking

A. 1. traditional Thai market


2. hot springs
3. Karen village
4. elephant camp
5. stay overnight
6. raft down the river

C. Do Dont
- ask for permission before taking - wear too short shorts
someones photo - wear revealing clothes
- ask tour guide if in doubt about - pick up or touch plants
anything - step off the track
- leave litter either along the trails or in the
villages
- kiss and cuddle (show affection in public)
- touch any household items

E. (suggested answers)
1. You should not wear revealing clothes.
2. You should not show affection in public.
3. You should wear a sun hat.
4. You should not pick up plants/flowers.

F.2

a. b. c. d. e. f.

some sun cream/sun some soap Some clothes a flashlight or a a mosquito net a rucksack
screen lotion and a small torch
towel
g. h. i. j. k. l.

a First Aid Kit a pair of flip a life jacket a sleeping bag a pair of a sun hat
flops/thongs binoculars

m. n o. p. q. r.

some insect a roll of a pair of a sarong a water a helmet


repellent toilet paper hiking boots canteen/flask

200  
10/08/2007
3.
Reason Gear/equipment
1. g 1. a small rucksack

2. i 2. a sun hat

3. d 3. a flashlight/ a torch

4. c 4. a sleeping bag

5. e 5. a sarong

6. a 6. a roll of toilet paper

7. b 7. some sun screen lotion

8. h 8. some insect repellent

9. j 9. a pair of flip flops/thongs

10. f 10. a water canteen /a flask

4.
1. You should bring a small rucksack for your personal belongings.
2. You should bring a sun hat to keep your head covered from direct sunlight and to
prevent you from getting sunstroke.
3. You should bring a flashlight or a torch to use at night as there is no electricity.
4. You should bring a sleeping bag to provide comfortable sleep.
5. Women should bring a sarong for bathing as there is no private bathroom.
6. You should bring a roll of toilet paper as it is not provided.
7. You should bring some sun screen lotion to protect your skin from sunlight.
8. You should bring some insect repellent to protect you from mosquitoes and insects.
9. You should bring a pair of flip flops/thongs to wear in the evening and when walking
through water.
10. You should bring a water canteen or a flask to prevent dehydration.

Lesson 2: Experiencing a Home Stay


A. Duration: one night, two days
Place: Samut Songkhram
Price: Bt. 3,000
Activities:  experience Thai way of life
 offer food to monks
 take a side t rip
 visit Tha Ka Floating Market
 join an afternoon river ride
 beautiful Thai garden
 museum (King Rama II)

C. 1.  a.
 b.
 c.
 d.
 e.
 f.
 g.
 h.
 i.
 j.

201  
10/08/2007
2. Giving a Description/Explanation
d. This is what people like.
h. This is a typical Thai house.

Apologizing
f. Im very sorry.
g. Im not quite sure.

Giving Advice
a. Please hold the rail tight.
c. Be careful.
i. Please follow me.

Informing/Welcoming
b. Welcome to a traditional Thai style house
e. Here we are.
j. The bathroom is at the end of the corridor.

D. c 1.
a 2.
e 3.
b 4.
d 5.

Lesson 3: Admiring Natural Scenery


A. 1. quiet, natural beaches
2. Krabi is just the place for you.
3. on a city tour
4. shell fossil graveyard
5. a series of bays
6. limestone cliffs and caves

C. What to do: scuba dive (to appreciate coral reefs)


enjoy watching tropical fish
explore marine habitat
canoe
Kayak
paddle along mangrove areas
relax on the beach
visit sea gypsy village (observe way of life, buy local products)
What to see: coral reefs
tropical fish
many bird species (e.g. sea eagles, king fishers)
What to eat: fresh seafood
lobsters
oysters
squid
scallops

202  
10/08/2007
Module 6: Eating Thai Food and Fruits
Lesson 1: Ordering Thai Food

A. 1. What would you like to have


2. Do you have anything particular in mind?
3. How about
4. Would you like it with
5. Id recommend

B. 1. At a restaurant near a river


2. Green curry with chicken and stir-fried mixed vegetables.

D.
English Name/ Explanation Thai Name
green curry with chicken /
, $
hot and sour prawn soup 0 
chicken in coconut milk soup 0
$$
clear soup with tofu and minced pork /+ 101&
spring rolls  23 #
yellow curry with chicken /#,$
steamed fish in banana leaves $0
papaya salad &0
chicken with ginger $4

stir-fried mixed vegetables 4 40
fish cakes  0
chicken with cashew nuts $4 05 0#0$0)
spicy glass noodles salad  &
red curry with roast duck / 45 % $
barbecued/grilled chicken $ $
prawn/shrimp cakes  0
chicken in pandanus leaves $$ 
stir-fried beef with oyster sauce .4 .0
Thai omelette with crab meat 
$ +,  .1
fried pork with garlic and pepper 01 # , 0

E. hot and sour prawn soup: hot, sour

chicken in coconut milk soup: sour

prawn cakes: (can be hot)

clear soup with tofu and minced pork: bland, mild

papaya salad: hot, sour, sweet

red curry with roast duck: spicy

203  
10/08/2007
Lesson 2: Choosing What to Eat
A. 1. She wants it with tofu instead of any kind of meat as she is a vegetarian.
2. Mee-grob.

B. d 1.
a 2.
b 3.
c 4.

Lesson 3: Selecting a Thai Dessert


A. 1. dessert
2. Would you like to try it?
3. but different from
4. with other toppings

1. She wants to have mango with sticky rice for dessert.


She has heard a lot about it.
2. Its steamed with coconut milk, sugar and salt.
B.
English Name/ Explanation Thai Name
Thai custard &

sticky rice with mango
 , 0#0$
steamed banana cake
0
black sticky rice pudding
 ,   2
banana in coconut milk   *,
taro balls in coconut milk  4
steamed layer cake Thai style
0*.
steamed Thai jelly topped with coconut milk #
water chestnuts with sugar syrup and coconut milk 0
fruit-shaped ground soya bean mixed with coconut, covered 1*
with coloured gelatine

Lesson 4: Joining a Khan Toke Dinner


A. 1. seating arrangements
2. traditional way
3. Would you like
4. sit on their legs
5. get a good view of
6. a dinner reception
7. northern-style food

C. 1. Sai-ua/ Chiang Mai sausage


2. Kaeb Moo/Pork crackling
3. Kaeng Hung Lay/Northern curry with pork/ Burmese or Chiang Mai curry
4. Nam Prik Noom/ young chilli paste
5. Nam Prik Ong

204  
10/08/2007
D. 2.
English Name/ Explanation Thai Name
sausage &
Chiang Mai sausage &
taste &*
herbal smell &0
lemon grass #-
kaffir lime 0#1
pepper 
shallots 0/ 
peanuts "&
ripe tamarind 0#
0 2
ginger

young chillies $0
salt 
fresh vegetables 4&
steamed vegetables 46
seasoning -&
pork belly 01&0*.
pork rind 01
ingredients &$4&0
curcuma
0.
pork intestine &01
appetizer  , . $
snack # $/

 -,. 
side dish - -, 
chilli paste .

E. 2.
Methods of Cooking Thai Meaning
rinse 
chop & %*. 
slice 8
mince &# ,
crush 
peel 
mix 4&0
powder 9
steam 6
roast $, :;, 
boil 0
barbecue $, :;
deep-fry 

205  
10/08/2007
stir-fry 4
pan-fry +,
ground 
simmer -, 

Lesson 5: Trying New Dishes


A. 1. The tour guide is demonstrating how to eat Miang-kham.

1. Have you ever tried


2. Let me show you
3. After that
4. Then
5. Finally
6. Which can be replaced with

2. The tour guide is explaining how to cook Pad Thai.

1. Please try it.


2. Its easy
3. its now available in bottles
4. First
5. until golden brown
6. Keep stirring
7. serve piping hot
8. With pleasure.

C.
English Name/ Explanation Thai Name
tofu 1
miang-kham/ coconut titbits 0, -
cone 
lettuce 4 0
sugar syrup . *0
rice noodles &< ,= 
bean sprouts "
chives *$
unsalted turnip *>
seasoning sauce .&
dried shrimp /
tamarind juice .0#
0 2
chaplu leaves *#1
ingredients &$4&0

206  
10/08/2007
Lesson 6: Knowing Thai Fruits
A. 1. those spiky ones
2. yellowish-green
3. dont mind its smell
4. tender flesh
5. We eat it by itself
6. with sweet sticky rice

D. 1. rambutan
2. mangosteen
3. longan
4. mango
5. sapodilla
6. pomelo
7. custard apple
8. jackfruit
9. rose apple
10. jujube
11. guava
12. langsart
13. tamarind
14. star fruit
15. dragon fruit

207  
10/08/2007
Module 7: Going on a Shopping and Factory Tour
Lesson 1: Shopping with a Tour Guide

A. 1. a bedspread.
2. cotton
3. at the tribal handicraft shops

C. 3. a. oval
b. hexagonal
c. triangular
d. square
e. heart-shaped

4. a. a silk shawl
b. 1,250 Baht or 30 US dollars
c. by credit card

5. a.
Name of product: foot massager
How to use it:  sit on a chair
 put feet on the foot massager
 roll feet back and forth on it
Advantages:  massage feet
 help you relax

b.
Name of product: coconut grater
How to use it:  sit on its back
 rub half-shelled coconut on saw blade
Advantages  get grated coconut flesh to make coconut cream

Lesson 2: Visiting a Factory


A. 1. export teak furniture
2. with sand paper
3. First
4. Then
5. After that
6. And then
7. takes a long time
8. Ill find out for you
9. its charged by volume

208  
10/08/2007



 . 2545.
     . : 
!
!""#$% &'(.

)*+ ,  -!. 2542.  


     .  ! & .
. /0: 12 .13 2*0! $+% 0  4 . /0.

01*% $ +54 4.+0  . . 2547. !"# $%& 


'
   ( ) *% .  ! & . ! %7!2 0
$05/!/.813 $'!!2*0(09.

Chandra-ngarm, Saeng. 2001. Buddhism and Thai People. Chiang Mai: Ming Muang Printing
Press.

Cummings, Joe. 1999. Lonely Planet: Thailand. Melbourne: Lonely Planet Publications.

____________. 1997. Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit: Thailand. Melbourne: Lonely
Planet Publications.

Diskul, Subhadradis. History of the Temple of the Emerald Buddha. Bangkok: Amarin
Printing and Publishing Public Company Limited.

Kiengsiri, Pensri, et. al. 2004. Thai Social Etiquette. Bangkok: Prachachon Co., Ltd.

Krairiksh, Piriya. 1987. A History of the Visual Arts in Thailand. Bangkok: Amarin
Printing.

_____________. 1988. The Grand Palace and the Temple of the Emerald Buddha: A
Handbook for Guides. Bangkok: Amarin Printing and Publishing Public Company
Limited.

209
Nabnian, Sompon and Elizabeth. 2000. Chiang Mai Thai Cookery School. Bangkok:
Horatanachai Printing Ltd. Part.

Rithdee, Rachada. March 2005. Spiritual Splendour. Sawasdee. Bangkok: Thai Airways
International Public Co. Ltd.

Sermsongswad, Unchalee, et.al. 2003. English for Tour Guides. Chiang Mai: Faculty of
Humanities, Chiang Mai University.

Worachetwarawat, Chaiwat. 2001. Ayutthaya. Ayutthaya: Tienwattana Printing.

______________________. 2003. Ayutthaya Historical Study Center. Ayutthaya:


Tienwattana Printing.

Buddhism.about.com/library/blbudartkeymudras.htm

http://www.bangkok.sawasdee.com/canals.htm

http://www.chiangmai-chiangrai.com/king_n.html

http://www/chiangmai-chiangrai.com/loy_krathong_2000.html

http://www.chiangmai-chiangrai.com/makha_bucha_2003.html

http://www.chiangmai-chiangrai.com/visaka_bucha-html

http://www.cs.ait.ac.th/wutt/boat/boat.html

http://www.ebangkok.com/guide/ThaiHMkingBirthday.asp

http://www.modernthailand.com/bangkok/wat-phra-kaeo-htm

210
http://www.phuket-rooms.com/phuket-entertainment.htm

http://www.thailandgrandfestival.com/festival-asp?festlD=195

http//www.thaistudents.com/guidebook/bangpain.html

http://www.thaistudents.com/guidebook/fruits.html

http://www.thaiwaysmagazine.com/thai_article/2117_sun_flower/sun_flower.html

http://www.2camels.com/destination355.php3

www.bangkokair.com

www-ecotourism.org

www.tat.or.th/festival

211

Related Interests