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CONTENTS

1- PUMP TYPES AND SELECTION

1-1 - DEFINETIONS

1-2 - PUMP INTRODUCTION

1.2.1 - FLUID

1.2.2 - PIPING

1.2.3 - PUMP TYPES

1-3 - PUMP SELECTION

2- PUMP SPECIFICATIONS

2-1 - GENERAL

2-2 PUMP SET SPECIFICATIONS

2.2.1 - PUMP DATA

2.2.2 - PUMP MATERIALS

2.2.3 - PUMP CONSTRUCTIONS

2-3 - MOTOR SPECIFICATIONS

2-4 - PUMP SET ACCESSORIES & MANUALS

2-5 NOTES

3- REFRENCES

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BUMP
Momentary energization of motor that causes it to rotate a few revolutions.

Cavitation

Vapor bubbles formed on a solid surface (often on impeller) in contact with the
liquid. The vapor bubbles occur when the pressure in the liquid falls below the
vapor pressure.
. ) (
.
Demand
A schedule of water requirements

Effluent
Liquid discharge from a pumping station

Force main
External piping to the station and filled with liquid under pressure, through which
the station discharges.

Grooved-end pipe coupling
A pipe coupling used to make pipe fitting and disassembly easier often called
a Victaulic coupling (a trademark name).
.) (
Intake
A structure from which the pumps take suction

Invert
The inside bottom of pipe

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Jockey pump
A small pump that maintains pressure in a distribution system during periods of
low demand.

.
Mechanical seal
An assembly consisting of one or two pairs of polished surfaces, one of each pair
mounted on (and turning with) the shaft and other connected to the casing to
inhibit the leakage of liquid between the casing and the shaft.

.

Stuffing box
An assembly containing packing or a mechanical seal through which the pump
shaft passes.
.
Packing
Semi plastic material installed in a stuffing box to seal the shaft opening in the
casing to restrict the leakage of liquid from the casing along the shaft.

.
Poppet valve
A spring loaded valve that operates automatically to relieve excessive pressure.
..
Prime
Pump casing and suction piping completely filled with liquid.
.
(Units)

Mile & Mil


Mile = 1610 meter
Mil = 0.0000254 meter
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1-2-1 fluid:

Conservation of mass ) ) Q
Conservation of energy ) ) p

Conservation of momentum ) )

Steady state

Q = A * V = Constant A

Z + P/ + V2/2g = Constant z
v
)(Z + P/
f
)(V2/2g g

Pipe losses h
* H = f * L/D 2
V /2g L
D
Transient state

Rigid water column theory )(surge theory

Elastic theory )(water hammer

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1-2-2 Piping:

Pipe type

1- Exposed piping ) (

2- Buried piping

Pipe fitting type


1- Flange

2- Threaded

3- Hose

Design of pipe

Pipe selection

Special piping

Valves

1- Valve position

2- Valve type (selection)

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1-2-3 Pump types:

Pumps

1-2-3-1 Positive displacement 1-2-3-2 Roto Dynamic

Reciprocating: Centrifugal:
- Self - priming
- Plunger - Submersible fig (4)
- Diaphragm fig (1) - Axial fig (5)
- Radial
Rotary:
-Mixed flow
- Lobe - Deep well fig (6)
- Screw fig (2) - Horizontally mounted fig (7)
- Progressive cavity (helical)fig(3) - Turbine
- Gear - End Suction
Pneumatic: - Split Case
- Vertical mounted

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Fig (1)

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Fig (2)

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Fig (3)

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Fig (4)
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Fig (5)

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-Fig
16 -(6)
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Fig (7)

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Quality of the fluid to be pumped

Required design capacity

( )

Operating conditions

Mode of operation

Type of drive

( )

Station location, configuration and constrains

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1 :

)(P=gh

( )9 :

4 -1 4

-2 .

-3 ) (NPSH

)(Cavitation

-4 ) (NPSH .

2 :

( )9 :

-1 %63 7.

-2 %58 5.5.

( )8 .
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3

( )11 :

-1

-2

- .
- .

4
:
).(screening

( .)11

- :

( ) .

- ( )11

.
- .
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)Fig (8

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)Fig (9

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)Fig (10
Flow rate, gal/ min

)Fig (10

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:
1 .

( )11 .

2 ( )

( )12

- .

- .

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Vertical pumps

Fig (11)

Fig (11)

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Vertical turbine pump (barrel type or can)

Fig (12)

-Fig
29 -(12)
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APPLICATION

Water Works
Refineries
Chemical injection

Fire fighting system Air conditioning Irrigation



Drainage
Power station
Industrial

INSTALLATION

On ground Deep well ) (


Submersible

TYPE

Submersible centrifugal Close coupled centrifugal Separately coupled centrifugal


Reciprocating Gear submerged Axial

Diaphragm Air lift Screw

Helical
MEDIA HANDLED ( )

Clean
Corrosive Abrasive

Sewage Sludge Sand

Solid

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2-2-1-PUMP DATA
ITEM Description Egyptian
Unit Remark
NAME Range or limit request Value code
Make
Model
Origin
Manufactured date
Self priming type (Ejector - Foot valve - Central)
No. off operation per hours ------- See note (1)
Operation condition
Temperature of liquid Please refer to specification deg C
Pump speed 750 -3000 rpm
Maximum water speed in the pump inlet m/s <4
Capacity rated L/s
Total discharge head at rated capacity (TDH ) m
Operating head rang m
Rated working range End
Absorbed power KW
of pump curve
Rated working range End
Excess power KW
of pump curve
Efficiency at design point %
Efficiency at rated point %
NPSH required m See note 2
Free passage mm See note 3
Shut off pressure m
WEIGHT -------
Net weight Kg
Kg/c
Pressure at fixation point
m2
Operation weight Kg
IP
Shaft sealing ( packing ) IP
Coupling sealing IP
Impeller wearing ring ------- St. steel
Bearing house ------- St. steel
Wet bolting -------

FLANGES -------

Suction size mm
Suction connection type -------
Discharge size mm
Discharge connection type -------
Impeller -------
Impeller diameter mm
Impeller diameter rang for this model ------
Impeller type ------- See note (5)
Thoma factor ------- See note (4)

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2-2-2 MATERIALS

CASING

Cast iron (C.I) Ductile iron (D.I)

Duplex steel C.I -Ni

IMPELLER

Bronze Cast iron

Cast iron duplex st. (C.I) Stainless steel

Ductile

SHAFT

St. steel Bronze

Ally steel (chromium Nickle


steel (CR.NI.ST.) Duplex st.

Quenched tempered st.

SHAFT SLEEVE
St. steel. Bronze

GLAND/SHAFT STEEL END PLATE

Burflon Bronze

Shaft packing

CASING WEAR RING

St. steel Bronze

Chromium NI St.

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2-2-3 pump construction

FIXATION

VL mounting
HL mounting

STAGES
Double stage
Single impeller Double impeller

Multistage impeller
Single stage

ROTATING FACING DRIVEN END

CW ACW

PRIMING SYSTEM

Self Pumping External

SHAFT SEAL

Shaft protection sleeve


stuffing box packing gland packing


Soft packing
Mechanical seal

METHOD OF LUBRICATION

Grease Oil Water

CASING

Split case End suction

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2-3 MOTOR SPECIFICATION 3-2
ITEM Description Egyptian
Unit Remark
Range or limit request code
NAME Value
MOTOR DATA
Make
Model
Origin
Voltage V
>Max power
Rated output KW
consumed
Direct on line -------
Starting type Auto transformer -------
Resistance slipring -------
Protection class IP
VL Down
Mounting VL Up
HL
Cooling method With fan - Without fan
Squirrel cage induction -
Motor type
Slipring
Insulation class F
Winding insulation
Class B
calss
Standard IEC
Speed rpm
0
Ambient temp. C
Bearing life time
Efficiency at
100%load % 91.5
75%load %
50%load %
Power factor at
100%load
75%load
50%load
Net weight Kg
Design altitude m

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PUMP SET ACCESSORIES

ITEM Description Egyptian


Unit Remark
Range or limit request Code
NAME Value
ACCESSORIES
Strainer
Flexible coupling
Coupling guard

Base plate for pump and


motor

Set of spanners
Anchor bolts
Foundation bolts

Suction and delivery


pressure gauge

Air relief cock

Anti condensation in heater


with ( 220 V ) supply

Embedded sensors for


over heat protection
(one per phase)

MANUALS
Operation & maintenance
(o & m) manuals
Workshop manual
Spare parts manual
CD catalog
Installation manual

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51 31/
75 111-31/
111 211-111/
125 411-211/
151 411/

:Ns -3

NS=N*Q/H
Ns : Pump specific speed Dimensionless
N : Pump speed rpm
H : Pump head m
Q : Pump discharge m3/s

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Ns Impeller type
35-11 Radial
81-35 Francis
161-81 Mixed flow
> 161 Axial

)NPSHrequired( -4

(NPSH)required (NPSH)available

NPSHavailable = Patm - Hsss - Pv

NPSH : Net positive suction head meter


Patm. : Atmospheric pressure meter
HSss : Total head loss meter
Pv : Vapor pressure meter

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1. Pumping Station Design (Robert L. Sanks, Phd . PF).

2. K.S.B General Catalogue.

3. A.B.S General Catalogue.

4. Pump Design Hand Book (Butter Worths George Tchobanoglous).

5. Grundfos General Catalogue.

6. Egyptian Code.

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