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# Bit Calculations

Reference

Units
Where:
PD = Bit Pressure Drop (lbs/in2) V = Cross Flow Velocity (ft/sec)
WT = Mud Weight (ppg) N = Number of Nozzles
Q = Flow Rate (gpm) E = Specific Energy (psi)
AN = Total Nozzle Area (in2) = Coefficient of Friction
Vn = Nozzle Velocity (ft/sec) ROP = Rate of Penetration (ft/hr)
HHP = Horse Power at bit (hp) WOB = Weight on Bit (lbf)
HSI = Horse Power per inch (hp/in2) T = Torque (ft-lbs)
D = Bit Diameter (in) Ah = Area of Hole (in2)
Ab = Area of Bit (in2) MSE = Mechanical Specific Energy (psi)
lfb = Impact Force at bit (lbf) Cd = Nozzle discharge coefficient

Pressure Drop Across Bit (psi) Impact of Jet Nozzles on Hole Bottom (lbf)
Calculated From Flow Rate, assumes Cd=1.0: Calculated From Velocity:

(WT)(Q2) (Q)(WT)(VN)
PD= lfb =
(12,032)(AN2) (1930)
Calculated From Velocity: Calculated From Pressure Drop:

## (WT)(V ) 2 lfb = 0.0173Q [PD*WT] 1/2

PD=
(1,239)
Cross Flow Velocity under the Bit (ft/sec)
Bit Nozzle Velocity (ft/sec) 1/2

V = 108.5) (Q)(V)
[ ]
Calculated From Flow Rate:

(Q ) (ND)
V = (0.321)
(AN)
Mechanical Specific Energy using (psi)
1 + (13.33)()(RPM)
Calculated From Pressure Drop:

## ( 1,239 )(PD ) 1/2

MSE = WOB [A (ROP)(D) ]
VN = [ (WT) ] Bit Aggressiveness/Coefficient of Friction
36 (T)
Total Bit Nozzle area (in2)
Calculated From Bit Pressure Drop:
= [ (WOB)(D) ]
(WT )(Q ) 2 1/2
AN= [ (12031)(PD) ] Mechanical Specific Energy using Torque (psi)
MSE= 480(T)(RPM) + 1.274(WOB)
AN = (AN1+ AN2 + ...ANx ) ROP(D)2 (D2)

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