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31ZW6630
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2eY11000.2011.10
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31ZW66330.book 0

The engine exhaust from this


product contains chemicals
known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or
other reproductive harm.

California Proposition 65
This product contains or emits chemicals
known to the state of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other
reproductive harm

Keep this Owners Manual handy, so you can refer to it at any time. This Owners
Manual is considered a permanent part of the outboard motor and should remain with
the outboard motor if resold.

The information and specifications included in this publication were in effect at the
time of approval for printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right, however, to
discontinue or change specifications or design at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation whatsoever. No part of this publication may be reproduced
without written permission.
31ZW66320.book 1

INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your selection of We suggest you read the warranty
a Honda outboard motor. We are policy to fully understand its
certain you will be pleased with your coverage and your responsibilities of
purchase of one of the finest ownership.
outboard motors on the market.
When your outboard motor needs
We want to help you get the best scheduled maintenance, keep in mind
results from your new outboard motor that your Honda Marine dealer is
and to operate it safely. This manual specially trained in servicing Honda
contains information on how to do outboard motors. Your Honda Marine
that; please read it carefully. dealer is dedicated to your
satisfaction and will be pleased to
As you read this manual you will find answer your questions and concerns.
information preceded by a
Best Wishes,
symbol. That information Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
is intended to help you avoid damage
to your outboard motor, other
property, or the environment.

1
31ZW66320.book 2

INTRODUCTION
A FEW WORDS ABOUT You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
SAFETY
Safety Labels on the outboard motor.
Your safety and the safety of others
are very important. And using this Safety Messages preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three
outboard motor safely is an important signal words, DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
responsibility.
These signal words mean:
To help you make informed decisions
about safety, we have provided You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY
operating procedures and other HURT if you dont follow instructions.
information on labels and in this You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY
manual. This information alerts you HURT if you dont follow instructions.
to potential hazards that could hurt
you or others. You CAN be HURT if you dont follow
instructions.
Of course, it is not practical or
possible to warn you about all the Safety Headings such as IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION.
hazards associated with operating or
maintaining an outboard motor. You Safety Section such as OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY.
must use your own good judgment.
Instructions how to use this outboard motor correctly and safely.

This entire book is filled with important safety information please read it
carefully.

2
31ZW66320.book 3

CONTENTS
OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY ................................... 6 OTHER FEATURES ...............................................18
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION .............. 6 Centrifugal Clutch ...............................................18
SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS .............................. 8 Oil Level Inspection Window ..............................18
Anode ...................................................................18
CONTROLS AND FEATURES ................................... 11
CONTROL AND FEATURE INSTALLATION ..........................................................19
IDENTIFICATION CODES ............................... 11 POWER REQUIREMENTS ...................................19
COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS ... 12 INSTALLATION POSITION .................................19
CONTROLS ............................................................ 13 ATTACHMENT ......................................................20
Emergency Stop Switch Clip and Emergency TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT ....................21
Stop Switch ..................................................... 13
Choke Knob ........................................................ 13 BEFORE OPERATION .................................................22
Throttle Grip ........................................................ 14 ARE YOU READY TO GET UNDERWAY? ........22
Throttle Grip Friction Knob ................................ 14 IS YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR
Fuel Valve Lever ................................................. 15 READY TO GO? .................................................22
Starter Grip .......................................................... 15
Engine Cover Retaining Strap ............................. 15
Transom Angle Adjusting Bolt ........................... 16
Tilt Lever ............................................................. 16
Steering Friction Bolt .......................................... 17
Clamp Screws ...................................................... 17
Fuel Filler Cap Vent Knob .................................. 17

3
31ZW66320.book 4

CONTENTS
OPERATION ................................................................ 24 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR ...............37
SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS ................... 24 THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE ..........37
BREAK-IN PROCEDURE ..................................... 24 MAINTENANCE SAFETY ....................................38
TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT .................... 24 TOOL KIT AND EMERGENCY STARTER
INFREQUENT OR OCCASIONAL USE .............. 25 ROPE ...................................................................39
STARTING THE ENGINE .................................... 25 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ..............................40
EMERGENCY STARTING ................................... 28 ENGINE COVER REMOVAL AND
STOPPING THE ENGINE ..................................... 30 INSTALLATION ............................................42
Emergency Engine Stopping ............................... 30 Engine Oil Level Check ......................................42
Normal Engine Stopping ..................................... 30 Engine Oil Change ...............................................43
THROTTLE OPERATION ..................................... 31 Engine Oil Recommendations .............................44
REVERSING THE OUTBOARD MOTOR ........... 32 Gear Case Oil Change .........................................45
STEERING .............................................................. 33 Lubrication Points ................................................46
CRUISING .............................................................. 34 Spark Plug Service ...............................................47
MOORING, BEACHING, LAUNCHING ............. 35 REFUELING ...........................................................49
FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS ..............................50
Recoil Starter Rope Inspection ............................51
Anode Replacement .............................................51
Propeller Replacement .........................................52

4
31ZW66320.book 5

CONTENTS
STORAGE ..................................................................... 53 TECHNICAL INFORMATION ....................................64
STORAGE PREPARATION .................................. 53 Serial Number Locations .....................................64
Cleaning .............................................................. 53 Carburetor Modification for High Altitude
Fuel ...................................................................... 53 Operation .........................................................65
Adding a Fuel Stabilizer ...................................... 54 Emission Control System Information ................66
Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor .............. 54 Star Label .............................................................68
Engine Oil ........................................................... 55 Specifications .......................................................70
STORAGE PRECAUTIONS .................................. 55
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE ............................. 56 CONSUMER INFORMATION ....................................71
Honda Publications ..............................................71
TRANSPORTING ......................................................... 57 Accessory Catalog ...............................................71
WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLED Customer Service Information .............................71
ON BOAT ........................................................... 57 Warranty Statements ............................................74
WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR REMOVED Distributors Limited Warranty ...........................74
FROM BOAT ...................................................... 57 Emission Control System Warranty ....................79
Distributors Warranty .........................................83
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS ..... 58
ENGINE WILL NOT START ................................ 58 INDEX ...........................................................................86
HARD STARTING OR STALLS AFTER
STARTING ......................................................... 60
ENGINE WILL NOT DRIVE THE PROPELLER ... 61
SUBMERGED OUTBOARD MOTOR .................. 62

5
31ZW66320.book 6

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY


IMPORTANT SAFETY Operator Responsibility Attach the emergency stop switch
INFORMATION lanyard securely to the operator.
It is the operators responsibility to
The Honda BF2.3D outboard motor provide the necessary safeguards to Always wear a PFD (Personal
is designed for use with boats that protect people and property. Flotation Device) while on the
have a suitable manufacturers power Know how to stop the engine boat.
recommendation. Other uses can quickly in case of emergency.
result in injury to the operator or Understand the use of all controls. Familiarize yourself with all laws
damage to the outboard motor and and regulations relating to boating
other property. Stop the engine immediately if and the use of outboard motors.
anyone falls overboard, and do not
Most injuries or property damage can run the engine while the boat is Be sure that anyone who operates
be prevented if you follow all near anyone in the water. the outboard motor receives proper
instructions in this manual and on the instruction.
outboard motor. The most common Always stop the engine if you must
leave the controls for any reason. Be sure the outboard motor is
hazards are discussed in this chapter,
properly mounted on the boat.
along with the best way to protect
yourself and others. Do not remove the engine cover
while the engine is running.

6
31ZW66320.book 7

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY


Refuel With Care Carbon Monoxide Hazard
Gasoline is extremely flammable, Exhaust contains poisonous carbon
and gasoline vapor can explode. monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas.
Refuel outdoors, in a Breathing carbon monoxide can
well-ventilated area, with the cause loss of consciousness and may
engine stopped. Never smoke near lead to death.
gasoline, and keep other flames and
sparks away. If you run the engine in an area that is
confined, or even partly enclosed, the
Refuel carefully to avoid spilling air you breathe could contain a
fuel. Avoid overfilling the fuel dangerous amount of exhaust gas.
tank.
Never run your outboard inside a
After refueling, tighten the filler garage or other enclosure.
cap securely. If any fuel is spilled,
make sure the area is dry before
starting the engine.

7
31ZW66320.book 8

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY


SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS
US, Puerto Rico, and US Virgin Islands Types

The labels shown here contain important safety information. Please read them carefully. These labels are considered
permanent parts of your outboard motor. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact an authorized Honda
Marine dealer for a replacement.
8
31ZW66320.book 9

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY


Canadian Types

READ OWNERS MANUAL

HOT CAUTION

The labels shown here contain important safety information. Please read them carefully. These labels are considered
permanent parts of your outboard motor. If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact an authorized Honda
Marine dealer for a replacement.

9
31ZW66320.book 10

OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY


Canadian Types

Honda outboard motor is


designed to give safe and
dependable service if operated
according to instructions.
The engine system will be
Read and understand the
heated during operation and
Owners Manual before
remain hot immediately after
operating the outboard motor.
stopping the engine.
Failure to do so could result in
personal injury or equipment
damage.

10
31ZW66320.book 11

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


CONTROL AND FEATURE IDENTIFICATION CODES
Model BF2.3D
Type SCHA LCHA
SCHC LCHC

S
Shaft Length
L

Throttle Grip

Centrifugal Clutch

Refer to this chart for an explanation of the Type Codes used in this manual to identify control and feature applications.
TYPE CODE (example)
S C H A

Destination
A=American, C=Canadian
Throttle type
H=Throttle grip
Centrifugal clutch
C=With centrifugal clutch
Shaft length
S=Short shaft
L=Long shaft

11
31ZW66320.book 12

CONTROLS AND FEATURES

COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS


[LCH type is shown]
EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH FUEL FILLER CAP
STARTER GRIP ENGINE COVER CASE PROTECTOR

OIL FILLER CAP


(inside the engine cover)
CHOKE KNOB
OIL LEVEL INSPECTION
WINDOW

THROTTLE GRIP
ENGINE COVER FUEL VALVE
TILLER HANDLE RETAINING STRAP LEVER

EMERGENCY STOP THROTTLE GRIP


SWITCH LANYARD STEERING FRICTION KNOB
FRICTION BOLT
CLAMP SCREW
ANODE TILT LEVER
TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTING
BOLT AND WING NUT
ANTIVENTILATION
PLATE STERN BRACKET
GEAR OIL LEVEL SCREW

PROPELLER
GEAR OIL DRAIN/FILL SCREW

12
31ZW66320.book 13

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


CONTROLS The emergency stop switch clip must Choke Knob
be inserted in the emergency stop
Emergency Stop Switch Clip switch in order for the engine to start CHOKE KNOB
and Emergency Stop Switch and run. The emergency stop switch
lanyard must be attached securely to
EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH
the operator or to the operators PFD
(Personal Flotation Device).

When used as described, the OFF


emergency stop switch and ON
emergency stop switch lanyard
system stops the engine if the
operator falls away from the controls.
A spare emergency stop switch clip is The choke knob opens and closes the
provided in the tool bag (p. 39). choke valve in the carburetor.
EMERGENCY STOP
SWITCH CLIP The ON position enriches the fuel
EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH LANYARD mixture for starting a cold engine.
EMERGENCY STOP The OFF position provides the
SWITCH CLIP
correct fuel mixture for operation
after starting, and for restarting a
warm engine.

EMERGENCY STOP
SWITCH LANYARD

13
31ZW66320.book 14

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


Throttle Grip Throttle Grip Friction Knob

THROTTLE GRIP FRICTION KNOB


THROTTLE GRIP

RELEASE
FIX
FAST

SLOW

The throttle grip controls engine The throttle grip friction knob adjusts
speed. resistance to throttle grip rotation.

An index mark on the tiller arm Turn the knob clockwise to increase
shows throttle position and is helpful friction for holding a throttle setting
for setting the throttle correctly when while cruising.
starting (p. 26).
Turn the knob counterclockwise to
decrease friction for easy throttle grip
rotation.

14
31ZW66320.book 15

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


Fuel Valve Lever Starter Grip Engine Cover Retaining Strap
Direction to pull RETAINING ENGINE COVER
FUEL VALVE LEVER
STRAP

OFF
ON

STARTER GRIP
The fuel valve opens and closes the Pulling the starter grip operates the Use the retaining strap to hold the
passage between the fuel tank and the recoil starter to crank the engine for engine cover closed. Do not remove
carburetor. starting. the engine cover while the engine is
running.
The fuel valve lever must be in the
ON position for the engine to run.

When the engine is not in use, leave


the fuel valve lever in the OFF
position to prevent carburetor
flooding and to reduce the possibility
of fuel leakage.

15
31ZW66320.book 16

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


Transom Angle Adjusting Bolt Tilt Lever

REAR CARRYING HANDLE

75

ADJUSTING BOLT AND WING NUT FRONT CARRYING


HANDLE TILT LEVER

The transom angle adjusting bolt is The tilt lever enables the outboard To return the outboard motor to the
used to adjust the angle of the motor to be tilted for beaching, normal running position, hold the
outboard motor in the normal launching, or mooring. outboard motor and pull the tilt lever,
operating position (see page 34). then slowly lower the outboard
Tilt the outboard motor by holding motor.
Loosen the wing nut to free the the carrying handles, as shown. The
adjusting bolt. spring-loaded tilt lever will
automatically move into position and
Adjust the angle of the outboard hold the outboard motor when it
motor, and tighten the wing nut. Be reaches approximately 75.
sure that the bolt head and wing nut
are seated in one of the four recesses
in the adjustment slot.

16
31ZW66320.book 17

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


Steering Friction Bolt Clamp Screws Fuel Filler Cap Vent Knob
STEERING FRICTION BOLT CLAMP SCREWS VENT KNOB
OPEN

TO INCREASE
FRICTION

TO DECREASE
FRICTION

FUEL FILLER CAP

The steering friction bolt adjusts Use the clamp screws to secure the The fuel filler cap is provided with a
steering resistance. outboard motor to the transom. vent knob to seal the fuel tank. Open
the vent by turning the vent knob ON
Less friction allows the outboard position before starting the engine
motor to turn more easily. More (p. 25).
friction helps to hold a steady course
while cruising or to prevent the
outboard motor from swinging while
trailering the boat.

17
31ZW66320.book 18

CONTROLS AND FEATURES


OTHER FEATURES Oil Level Inspection Window Anode
Centrifugal Clutch Short shaft type Long shaft type

The centrifugal clutch automatically UPPER


LIMIT
engages and transmits power when LOWER
engine speed is increased above LIMIT
approximately 2,700 rpm. At idle
speed, the clutch is disengaged.

OIL LEVEL INSPECTION WINDOW

Use the oil level inspection window ANODE


to check the engine oil level with the
The anode is made of a sacrificial
engine stopped and the outboard
material that helps to protect the
motor in the upright position.
outboard motor from corrosion.

18
31ZW66320.book 19

INSTALLATION
Correct and secure installation is INSTALLATION POSITION
essential for safe boating and good
performance. Follow the installation ENGINE
instructions provided in this manual. UNDER CASE
BOAT WATER SURFACE
POWER REQUIREMENTS TRANSOM
HEIGHT
Before installation, check to be sure 6 in (150 mm)
CENTER LINE
that the outboard motor does not Install the outboard motor on the 0 2 in
exceed the recommended maximum center of the boat transom. (0 50 mm)
horsepower for the boat on which it is
to be installed. Refer to the boats The antiventilation plate of the ANTIVENTILATION PLATE
certification plate for recommended outboard motor should be 0 2 in
maximum horsepower. If the (0 50 mm) below the bottom of the
certification plate information is not boat. When the outboard motor is
available, contact the boat dealer or mounted on a sailboat, the
manufacturer. antiventilation plate should be 6 in
OUTBOARD
(150 mm) or more below the surface MOTOR
For most applications, the outboard of the water. For unusual situations, TRANSOM
motor should have a horsepower see your Honda Marine dealer for HEIGHT
rating which provides 80% of the advice.
maximum recommended horsepower
for the boat. The correct dimensions differ
according to the type of boat and the Type: Outboard Motor
configuration of the bottom of the Transom Height
boat. Follow the manufacturers S: 16.5 in (418 mm)
recommended installation height. L: 22.5 in (571 mm)

19
31ZW66320.book 20

INSTALLATION
When the outboard motor is installed Optimum installation height varies ATTACHMENT
extremely low, water may enter into with boat type and bottom shape.
the engine under case and negatively Contact the boat manufacturer for any
affect the performance and durability. special recommendations that are
When installing, check that the unique to a specific model of boat.
outboard motor is high enough from
the water level to keep the engine If the transom needs to be modified to
under case from waves, splash, etc. accommodate the outboard motor,
when the engine is stopped with the contact the boat manufacturer and
boat fully loaded. follow their recommendations for
corrective action. STERN BRACKET
If the outboard motor is installed too
low, the boat will squat and be hard to CLAMP SCREWS
plane, and the outboard motor will SAFETY ROPE
spray water that may enter the boat. It
will tend to porpoise, and high-speed Attach the stern bracket to the boat
stability will be reduced. transom by tightening the clamp
screws.
Propeller ventilation will occur if the
outboard motor is installed too high Attach a rope from the boat to the
on the boat transom. hole in the stern bracket. This will
help to prevent accidental loss of the
outboard motor.

20
31ZW66320.book 21

INSTALLATION
TRANSOM ANGLE
ADJUSTMENT
Use the transom angle adjusting bolt
(p. 24) to adjust the angle of the
outboard motor so the propeller is
perpendicular to the surface of the
water.

21
31ZW66320.book 22

BEFORE OPERATION
ARE YOU READY TO GET Safety
UNDERWAY?
Always wear a PFD (Personal Improperly maintaining this
Your safety is your responsibility. A Flotation Device) while on the boat. outboard motor or failing to
little time spent in preparation will correct a problem before
significantly reduce your risk of Attach the emergency stop switch operation can cause a
injury. lanyard securely to the operator or to malfunction in which you could
the operators PFD. be seriously hurt or killed.
Knowledge
IS YOUR OUTBOARD Always perform a pre-operation
Read and understand this manual. MOTOR READY TO GO? inspection before each operation,
Know what the controls do and how and correct any problem.
to operate them. For your safety, and to maximize the
service life of your equipment, it is
Familiarize yourself with the very important to take a few moments Before beginning your pre-operation
outboard motor and its operation before you operate the outboard checks, be sure the emergency stop
before you get underway. Know what motor to check its condition. Be sure switch clip is removed from the
to do in case of an emergency. to take care of any problem you find, emergency stop switch.
or have your authorized Honda
Familiarize yourself with all laws and Marine dealer correct it, before you
regulations relating to boating and the operate the outboard motor.
use of outboard motors.

22
31ZW66320.book 23

BEFORE OPERATION
Maintenance Inspection Safety Inspection
Check the engine oil level (p. 42). Before each use, look around and
Running the engine with a low oil underneath the engine for signs of
level can cause engine damage. oil or gasoline leaks.

Check to be sure the propeller is Wipe up any spills before starting


undamaged (p. 52). the engine.

Check that the anode is securely Check the stern bracket to be sure
attached to the antiventilation plate the outboard motor is securely
(p. 51) and is not excessively worn. installed.
The anode helps to protect the
outboard motor from corrosion. Check that all controls are
operating properly.
Make sure the tool kit and
emergency starter rope are onboard Replace any damaged parts.
(p. 39). Replace any missing items.
Check that all fasteners are in place
Check the fuel level in the fuel tank and securely tightened.
(p. 49).
Check the emergency stop switch
for proper operation (p. 13, 25).
Start the engine. Make sure the
engine stops by pulling the
emergency stop switch clip from
the emergency stop switch (p. 30).

23
31ZW66320.book 24

OPERATION
SAFE OPERATING BREAK-IN PROCEDURE The transom angle adjusting bolt is
PRECAUTIONS used to adjust the angle of the
Proper break-in procedure allows the outboard motor in the normal
To safely realize the full potential of moving parts to wear in smoothly for operating position (p. 34).
this outboard motor, you need a best performance and long service
complete understanding of its life. 1. To adjust, first tilt the outboard
operation and a certain amount of motor so it is not resting on the
practice with its controls. For the first 10 hours, run the bolt.
outboard motor at low speed, and
Before operating the outboard motor avoid full-throttle operation. There are four adjustment
for the first time, please review the positions.
IMPORTANT SAFETY TRANSOM ANGLE
INFORMATION on page 6 and the ADJUSTMENT 2. Loosen the wing nut to free the
chapter titled BEFORE OPERATION. adjusting bolt.

For your safety, do not start or run the 3. Adjust the angle of the outboard
engine in a confined or partly motor, and tighten the wing nut. Be
enclosed area. Your engines exhaust sure that the bolt head and wing nut
contains poisonous carbon monoxide, are seated in one of the four
a colorless, odorless gas that can adjustment positions.
collect rapidly. Breathing carbon
monoxide can cause loss of
consciousness and may lead to death. To prevent damage to the outboard
motor or boat, make sure the transom
angle adjusting bolt is tight.

ADJUSTING BOLT AND WING NUT

24
31ZW66320.book 25

OPERATION
INFREQUENT OR STARTING THE ENGINE The emergency stop switch clip
OCCASIONAL USE EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP and emergency stop switch lanyard
system is a safety device that will
EMERGENCY STOP
If your outboard motor will be used SWITCH stop the engine if you fall away
on an infrequent or intermittent basis, from the controls while operating
please refer to the fuel section of the the boat.
STORAGE chapter (p. 53) for
additional information regarding fuel Always attach the emergency stop
deterioration. switch lanyard securely to the
operator or to the operators PFD
before starting the engine.
VENT KNOB
OPEN

EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH


LANYARD

1. Put the emergency stop switch clip


in the emergency stop switch, and
attach the emergency stop switch
lanyard securely to the operator or
to the operators PFD (Personal FUEL FILLER CAP
Flotation Device).
The engine will not start or run 2. Open the fuel tank vent by turning
unless the emergency stop switch the vent knob ON position.
clip is in the emergency stop
switch.
25
31ZW66320.book 26

OPERATION
4. Move the throttle grip to the
FUEL VALVE LEVER START position.
THROTTLE GRIP
Do not start the engine with the
throttle grip in the FAST position, or
the boat will move suddenly when the
engine starts.
START

ON

3. Move the fuel valve lever to the


ON position.

26
31ZW66320.book 27

OPERATION
7. If the choke knob was pulled to the
CHOKE KNOB Direction to pull ON position to start the engine,
gradually push it to the OFF
position as the engine warms up.

Also, as the engine warms up, the


throttle grip can be turned to the
OFF SLOW position without stalling.
ON
8. Before getting underway, allow the
engine to warm-up sufficiently to
STARTER GRIP ensure good performance.

5. To start a cold engine, pull the 6. Pull the starter grip lightly until
choke knob to the ON position. To you feel resistance, then pull
restart a warm engine, leave the briskly in the direction of the arrow
choke knob in the OFF position. as shown above.

Return the starter grip gently.

27
31ZW66320.book 28

OPERATION
EMERGENCY STARTING EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE
RECOIL STARTER
FLYWHEEL
If the recoil starter is not working PULLEY
properly, you can start the engine
manually using the emergency starter
rope that came with your outboard
motor.
ENGINE COVER

5 mm NUTS

2. Remove the three 5 mm nuts with 4. Set the knotted end of the
an 8 mm wrench and remove the emergency starter rope in the notch
recoil starter. in the flywheel pulley. Wind the
rope clockwise around the flywheel
3. Set the controls the same as for pulley, as shown.
normal starting (see pages 25 27).
1. Remove the engine cover. Use the choke control if needed.

28
31ZW66320.book 29

OPERATION
5. Pull the emergency starter rope 6. If the choke was used to start the 9. Have your closest authorized
slowly until resistance is felt, then engine, return the knob to the Honda marine dealer check your
pull briskly. normal operating position as the recoil starter system and correct the
engine warms up. problem, so you can use the recoil
Keep away from moving parts starter.
while pulling the rope. 7. Leave the recoil starter assembly
off, but install the engine cover The recoil starter assembly should
If necessary, rewind the rope and (p. 42). be reinstalled after the recoil starter
pull again. If the engine does not is working again. Install the recoil
start after several attempts, refer to 8. If it was necessary to remove the starter assembly with the engine
TAKING CARE OF emergency stop switch lanyard stopped.
UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS, from you to perform the emergency
p. 58. starting procedure, be sure the
lanyard is attached securely to
operator before operating the
Exposed moving parts can cause outboard motor.
injury.

Do not operate the outboard


motor without the engine
cover.

Use extreme care when


installing the engine cover.

29
31ZW66320.book 30

OPERATION
STOPPING THE ENGINE Normal Engine Stopping EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH

Emergency Engine Stopping


EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH
THROTTLE GRIP

EMERGENCY
STOP SWITCH PUSH
LANYARD

SLOW

After cruising at full throttle, cool


EMERGENCY STOP SWITCH CLIP
down the engine by idling for a few
To stop the engine in an emergency, 1. Move the throttle grip to the minutes before stopping the engine.
pull the emergency stop switch clip SLOW position.
out of the emergency stop switch by 2. Push the emergency stop switch
pulling the emergency stop switch button until the engine stops.
lanyard. In the event that the engine does
We suggest that you stop the engine not stop when you push the
this way occasionally to verify that emergency stop switch, pull the
the engine and emergency stop switch emergency stop switch lanyard. If
are operating properly. the engine continues to run, move
the fuel valve lever to the OFF
position and pull the choke knob to
stop the engine.
30
31ZW66320.book 31

OPERATION
THROTTLE OPERATION
FUEL VALVE LEVER VENT KNOB
CLOSE
THROTTLE GRIP FRICTION KNOB
THROTTLE GRIP

FAST
OFF

FUEL FILLER CAP

3. Move the fuel valve lever to the 4. Close the fuel tank vent by turning
OFF position. the vent knob OFF position. Use the throttle grip friction knob to
help hold a constant throttle setting
while cruising.

Turn the knob clockwise to increase


throttle grip friction for holding a
constant speed.

Turn the knob counterclockwise to


decrease friction for easy grip
rotation.

31
31ZW66320.book 32

OPERATION
REVERSING THE 1. Move the throttle grip to the
OUTBOARD MOTOR THROTTLE GRIP FRICTION KNOB SLOW position and hold it there by
turning the throttle grip friction
Important Safety Precautions THROTTLE GRIP
knob clockwise.

Before rotating the outboard motor


(from either forward to reverse or
from reverse to forward) reduce the
engine speed to SLOW, or the boat
could capsize. SLOW
When operating in reverse, proceed
with caution to avoid hitting any
underwater obstructions with the
propeller.

32
31ZW66320.book 33

OPERATION
STEERING STEERING FRICTION BOLT

TO INCREASE
FRICTION

TO DECREASE
FRICTION

2. To reverse direction, turn the Steer by moving the tiller handle Use the steering friction bolt to help
outboard motor 180, and then opposite the direction you want the hold a steady course while cruising.
pivot the tiller handle as shown. Be boat to turn.
careful not to hold and move the Turn the bolt clockwise to increase
throttle grip when pivoting the steering friction for holding a steady
tiller handle. course.

Turn the bolt counterclockwise to


decrease friction for easy turning.

33
31ZW66320.book 34

OPERATION
CRUISING Transom Angle
Engine Speed Install the outboard motor at the best Excessive transom angle during
transom angle for stable cruising and operation can cause propeller
For best fuel economy, limit the maximum power. See page 24 for ventilation and overheating.
throttle opening to 80%. Use the adjustment procedure.
throttle friction control (p. 32) to help Transom Angle (Cruising)
you hold a steady speed. Transom angle too large: Causes boat
to squat.
For rough water conditions or large O.K.
waves, slow down to prevent the Transom angle too small: Causes boat
propeller from rising out of the water. to bow steer.

It is necessary to adjust the transom


angle to compensate for changes in
boat load, weight distribution, water
conditions, or propeller selection.
CORRECT
Under normal running conditions, the GIVES MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE
boat will perform best when the
antiventilation plate is level with the
water surface.

When cruising into a high wind,


decrease the transom angle slightly to
level the boat and improve stability.
With a tail wind, increase the transom
angle slightly.
34
31ZW66320.book 35

OPERATION
MOORING, BEACHING, 1. Stop the engine and turn the fuel
LAUNCHING valve lever to the OFF position.
Do not use the tiller handle as a
To raise the outboard motor out of the 2. Close the fuel tank vent by turning lever to raise the outboard motor.
water while the boat is moored, or for the vent knob OFF position. Applying excessive force to the
maximum clearance when beaching tiller handle can damage it.
or launching, tilt the outboard motor 3. With the outboard motor in the
to the 75 position. forward position, tilt the outboard If the outboard motor is tilted in the
motor using the front and rear reverse position, crankcase oil will
Stop the engine before tilting the carrying handles on the engine enter the cylinder and may cause
outboard motor. The 75 position is cover. The spring-loaded tilt lever difficult starting or may prevent the
not an operating position. will automatically move into engine from being cranked.
position and hold the outboard
REAR CARRYING HANDLE motor when it reaches
approximately 75.

STEERING
4. Adjust the steering friction bolt to
FRICTION BOLT keep the outboard motor from
moving.

75

FRONT CARRYING
HANDLE

35
31ZW66320.book 36

OPERATION

TILT LEVER

NO
PULL

5. To return the outboard motor to the


normal running position, hold the To avoid damaging the outboard
outboard motor by the front motor, be very careful when mooring
carrying handle on the engine case a boat, especially when its outboard
and pull the tilt level toward you, motor is tilted up. Dont allow the
and then lower the outboard motor outboard motor to strike against the
slowly. pier or other boats.

36
31ZW66320.book 37

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


THE IMPORTANCE OF To help you properly care for your Remember that your authorized
MAINTENANCE outboard motor, the following pages Honda Marine dealer knows your
include a maintenance schedule, outboard motor best and is fully
Proper maintenance is essential for routine inspection procedures, and equipped to maintain and repair it.
safe, economical, and trouble-free simple maintenance procedures using
operation. It will also help reduce air basic hand tools. Other service tasks To ensure the best quality and
pollution. that are more difficult or require reliability, use only new, Honda
special tools are best handled by Genuine parts or their equivalents for
professionals and are normally repair and replacement.
performed by a Honda technician or
Improperly maintaining this other qualified mechanic. Maintenance, replacement, or
outboard motor or failure to repair of the emission control
The maintenance schedule applies to devices and systems may be
correct a problem before performed by any marine engine
operation can cause a normal operating conditions. If you repair establishment or individual,
malfunction in which you could operate your outboard motor under using parts that are certified to
be seriously hurt or killed. unusual conditions, consult an EPA standards.
authorized Honda Marine dealer for
Always follow the inspection and recommendations applicable to your
maintenance recommendations individual needs and use.
and schedules in this Owners
Manual.

37
31ZW66320.book 38

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


MAINTENANCE SAFETY Safety Precautions Read the instructions before you
begin, and make sure you have the
Some of the most important safety Make sure the engine is off before tools and skills required.
precautions follow. However, we you begin any maintenance or
cannot warn you of every conceivable repairs. This will eliminate several To reduce the possibility of fire or
hazard that can arise in performing potential hazards: explosion, be careful when
maintenance. Only you can decide working around gasoline. Use only
whether or not you should perform a Carbon monoxide poisoning a nonflammable solvent, not
given task. from engine exhaust. gasoline, to clean parts. Keep
Do not start or run the engine in cigarettes, sparks, and flames away
a confined or partly enclosed from all fuel-related parts.
area.
Failure to properly follow Wear gloves when handling the
maintenance instructions and Burns from hot parts. propeller to protect your hands
precautions can cause you to be Let the engine and exhaust from sharp edges.
seriously hurt or killed. system cool before touching.

Always follow the procedures Injury from moving parts.


and precautions in the Owners Do not run the engine unless
Manual. instructed to do so.

38
31ZW66320.book 39

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


TOOL KIT AND
EMERGENCY STARTER
ROPE
8 10 mm WRENCH FLAT/PHILLIPS EMERGENCY STOP
SCREWDRIVER SWITCH CLIP

EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE


SPARK PLUG WRENCH PLIERS TOOL BAG
The following tools are supplied with
the outboard motor for simple
maintenance procedures and SHEAR PIN
emergency repairs. An emergency
starter rope is also supplied. Keep
these items on the boat so that they
will always be available if you need
them.

If your tool kit needs replacement, it


is not available as a kit and each item
must be ordered individually.

COTTER PIN

39
31ZW66320.book 40

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Follow the MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE table and service your outboard motor accordingly. Please note, a claim for
warranty coverage will not be denied simply because the maintenance schedule for your outboard motor was not
followed. However, any part(s) that fails specifically due to lack of maintenance, or improperly performed maintenance,
would not be covered under the Distributors Limited Warranty.
REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (3)
Perform at every indicated month or First month Every 6 months Every year
operating hour interval, whichever Each use or or or
comes first. 10 hrs. 50 hrs. 150 hrs.
ITEM
Engine oil Check level o
Change o o
Gear case oil Change o o
Starter rope Check o
Carburetor linkage Check-adjust o (2) o (2)
Valve clearance Check-adjust o (2)
Spark plug Check-adjust/Replace o
Propeller and Cotter pin Check o
Anode Check o
Idling speed Check-adjust o (2) o (2)
Clutch shoes and drum Check o (2)
(With clutch type)

(2) These items should be serviced by your servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the
Honda shop manual for service procedures. See Honda Publications on page 71 for ordering information.
(3) For professional commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals.

40
31ZW66320.book 41

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

REGULAR SERVICE PERIOD (3)


Perform at every indicated month or First month Every 6 months Every year
operating hour interval, whichever Each use or or or
comes first. 10 hrs. 50 hrs. 150 hrs.
ITEM
Swivel case lining and Replace Every 3 years (2)
bushing
Water sealing Replace Every 3 years (2)
Fuel line Check o (4)
Replace Every 2 years (If necessary) (2)(5)
Bolts and nuts Check-tightness o (2) o (2)
Lubrication Grease o (1) o (1)
Fuel tank and tank filter Clean o (2)
Crankcase breather tube Check o (2)
Emergency stop switch Check o

(1) Lubricate more frequently when used in salt water.


(2) These items should be serviced by your servicing dealer, unless you have the proper tools and are mechanically proficient. Refer to the
Honda shop manual for service procedures. See Honda Publications on page 71 for ordering information.
(3) For professional commercial use, log hours of operation to determine proper maintenance intervals.
(4) Check the fuel line for leaks, cracks or damage. If it is leaking, cracked or damaged, take it to your servicing dealer for replacement before
using your outboard.
(5) Check the fuel line for leaks, cracks or damage. Replace the fuel line if there are signs of leaks, cracks or damage.

41
31ZW66320.book 42

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


ENGINE COVER REMOVAL Engine Oil Level Check 2. If the oil level is near or below the
AND INSTALLATION lower limit mark on the window,
Check the engine oil level with the fill with the recommended oil to
ENGINE COVER
engine stopped and the outboard the upper limit mark on the
motor in the vertical position. window.

Running the engine with a low oil


UPPER
LIMIT level can cause engine damage.
LOWER
STRAP LIMIT

The engine cover retaining strap


fastens the engine cover to the
outboard motor.
OIL LEVEL INSPECTION WINDOW
To remove the engine cover, unhook
the engine cover retaining strap, then
lift the engine cover off the outboard
1. Check the oil level shown on the
motor.
oil level inspection window.
To install the engine cover, place the
cover on the outboard motor, then
hook the engine cover retaining strap
securely.
42
31ZW66320.book 43

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


When you check the oil level in the oil level inspection window, you might Engine Oil Change
notice the engine oil appears milky or the oil level has increased. If you notice
either condition, change the engine oil. See the following table for an An engine oil evacuation device may
explanation of these conditions. be used to remove the engine oil, if
you do not wish to remove the
outboard from the boat.
Operating Method Result Effect
Drain the used oil while the engine is
Running the engine below Water condenses in the The engine oil deteriorates, warm. Warm oil drains quickly and
3,000 rpm for more than engine and mixes with the becomes less efficient as a completely.
30% of the time so the oil, resulting in a milky lubricant, and causes an 1. Move the fuel valve lever to the
engine does not warm up. appearance. engine malfunction. OFF position, and turn the vent
Frequent starting and stop- Unburned fuel mixes with knob OFF position to close the fuel
ping without allowing the the oil, increasing the vol- vent.
engine to warm up. ume of oil. 2. Remove the outboard from the
boat.
3. Loosen the oil drain screw, and turn
the outboard motor on its tiller
handle side.
4. Remove the oil drain screw and
washer to drain the oil.
UPPER LIMIT
LOWER LIMIT

OIL LEVEL
INSPECTION
WINDOW
OIL DRAIN SCREW
43
31ZW66330.book 44

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


Engine Oil Recommendations
OIL FILLER CAP
Improper disposal of engine oil can Oil is a major factor affecting
be harmful to the environment. performance and service life.
If you change your own oil, please
dispose of the used oil properly.
Put it in a sealed container, and
take it to a recycling center. Do not
discard it in a trash bin, dump it on
the ground, or pour it down a
drain. AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
OIL FILLER HOLE

5. Stand the outboard motor in a 7. Remove the oil filler cap and fill Honda 10W-30 FC-W outboard
vertical position, and install a new the crankcase with the motor oil is recommended for general
washer and the oil drain screw recommended oil up to the upper use.
securely. limit mark on the oil level
inspection window. FC-W is a registered trademark of
6. Remove the engine cover. the National Marine Manufacturers
Engine oil refill capacity: Association.
0.26 US qt (0.25 L)
If Honda 10W-30 FC-W oil is not
8. Install the oil filler cap and tighten available, Honda recommends that
it securely. you use API service category SG, SH
or SJ oil. The SAE oil viscosity and
9. Install the engine cover. service category are in the API label
10. Install the outboard on the boat. on the oil container.

44
31ZW66320.book 45

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


Gear Case Oil Change 2. Allow the used oil to drain 3. Add oil through the oil drain hole
completely, then install an oil pump until it flows out the oil level hole,
Change the gear case oil with the adapter in the oil drain hole. and then install the oil level screw.
engine stopped and the outboard Remove the pump adapter and
motor in the vertical position. If water or contaminated
(milky-colored) oil flows out the install the oil drain/fill screw.
drain hole when the screw is
removed, have the outboard motor GEAR OIL CAPACITY:
GEAR OIL 0.05 US qt (0.05 L)
LEVEL SCREW checked by an authorized Honda
Marine dealer.
Outboard motor SAE 90 hypoid
gear oil API Service category
(GL-4)

OIL LEVEL PLUG TORQUE:


2.5 lbfft (3.4 Nm, 0.35 kgfm)
GEAR OIL DRAIN/ Avoid losing more than 1 fl oz
FILL SCREW GEAR OIL BOTTLE
(30 cm3) while reinstalling the
1. Place a suitable container below the drain/fill screw.
oil drain hole to catch the used oil, Improper disposal of gear case oil
then remove the oil level screw and can be harmful to the environment. OIL DRAIN PLUG TORQUE:
oil drain/fill screw. If you change your own oil, please 2.5 lbfft (3.4 Nm, 0.35 kgfm)
dispose of the used oil properly. Put
it in a sealed container, and take it
to a recycling center. Do not
discard it in a trash bin, dump it on
the ground, or pour it down the
drain.
45
31ZW66320.book 46

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR

Lubrication Points THROTTLE ARM


THROTTLE ARM CHOKE ARM
Apply Honda Marine waterproof grease to the parts
shown below:
Lubrication interval:
10 operating hours or one month after the date of
purchase or initial use, then every 50 operating hours or 6
months.
STEERING HANDLE
To prevent corrosion, apply anticorrosion oil to pivot
surfaces where grease cannot penetrate.
TILT LEVER

CLAMP SCREW

SWIVEL CASE
STEERING FRICTION BOLT
TRANSOM ANGLE
ADJUSTING BOLT
THRUST RECEIVER
Apply Honda Marine Corrosion Inhibitor (or equivalent) to all areas under the engine cover and any exposed metal
surfaces.
46
31ZW66320.book 47

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


Spark Plug Service SIDE ELECTRODE

RECOMMENDED SPARK PLUG:


New plug Plug needing 0.024 0.028 in
CR4HSB (NGK) replacement (0.6 0.7 mm)
U14FSR-UB (DENSO)

SEALING
Incorrect spark plug can cause WASHER
engine damage.
SPARK PLUG WRENCH INSULATOR

4. Inspect the spark plug. Replace it if 5. Measure the spark plug electrode
the electrode is worn, or if the gap with a wire-type feeler gauge.
insulator is cracked or chipped. Correct the gap, if necessary, by
carefully bending the side
1. Remove the engine cover (p. 42). electrode.

2. Disconnect the spark plug cap from The gap should be:
the spark plug. 0.024 0.028 in
(0.6 0.7 mm)
3. Remove the spark plug with a
spark plug wrench and screwdriver.

47
31ZW66320.book 48

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


6. Install the spark plug carefully, by
hand, to avoid cross-threading.

7. After the spark plug seats, tighten


with a spark plug wrench to
compress the sealing washer.
If reinstalling the used spark plug,
tighten 1/8 1/4 turn after the spark
plug seats.

If installing a new spark plug,


tighten 1/2 turn after the spark
plugs seat.

A loose spark plug can overheat


and damage the engine.
Overtightening the spark plug can
damage the threads in the cylinder
head.

8. Attach the spark plug cap.

9. Install the engine cover.

48
31ZW66320.book 49

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


REFUELING Refuel in a well-ventilated area. Fill
the tank to the maximum fuel level.
FUEL TANK CAPACITY: Gasoline is highly flammable and
0.29 US gal (1.1 L) After refueling, install the cap and explosive.
tighten it securely. Turn the vent knob
With the engine stopped, turn the vent OFF position to close the fuel tank You can be burned or seriously
knob ON position to open the fuel vent. injured when handling fuel.
tank vent, then remove the fuel filler
cap. Stop the engine and keep heat,
Fuel can damage paint and plastic. sparks, and flame away.
Refill the fuel tank if the fuel level is Be careful not to spill fuel when Handle fuel only outdoors.
low. filling your fuel tank. Damage caused Wipe up spills immediately.
FUEL FILLER CAP by spilled fuel is not covered under
warranty.
Never refill the fuel tank inside a
building where gasoline fumes may
reach flames or sparks. Keep gasoline
away from appliance pilot lights,
barbecues, electric appliances, power
VENT KNOB
tools, etc.
MAXIMUM FUEL LEVEL
Spilled fuel is not only a fire hazard,
FUEL TANK it causes environmental damage.
Wipe up spills immediately.

FUEL

49
31ZW66320.book 50

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


FUEL RECOMMENDATIONS Engine damage or performance
problems that result from using a fuel
Use unleaded gasoline with a pump with percentages of ethanol or
octane rating of 86 or higher. methanol greater than shown above
are not covered under warranty.
Your outboard motor is certified to
operate on unleaded gasoline with an If your outboard motor will be used
octane rating of 86 or higher. on an infrequent or intermittent basis,
Never use stale or contaminated please refer to the fuel section of the
gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. STORAGE chapter (p. 53) for
Avoid getting dirt or water in the fuel additional information regarding fuel
tank. deterioration.
You may use unleaded gasoline
containing no more than 10% ethanol
(E10) or 5% methanol by volume. In
addition, methanol must contain
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors.

Use of fuels with content of ethanol


or methanol greater than shown
above may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic
parts of the fuel system.

50
31ZW66320.book 51

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


Recoil Starter Rope Inspection Anode Replacement
RECOIL STARTER ROPE Short shaft type Long shaft type
Painting or coating the anode will
defeat its purpose and will lead to
rust and corrosion damage to the
outboard motor. The anode must be
exposed to the water in order to
protect the outboard motor.

ANODE

Inspect the recoil starter rope, and The anode is made of a sacrificial
replace it if it becomes frayed. material that helps to protect the
outboard motor from corrosion.
Always keep the emergency starter
rope on the boat in case the recoil Replace the anode when it has been
starter rope fails. reduced to about two-thirds of the
original size, or if it is crumbling.

51
31ZW66320.book 52

SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR


Propeller Replacement Removal Installation

Before replacing the propeller, COTTER PIN COTTER PIN


remove the emergency stop switch
clip from the emergency stop switch
to prevent any possibility of the
engine being started while you are
working with the propeller.
The propeller blades may have sharp
edges, so wear heavy gloves to
protect your hands.

Operating the outboard motor at SHEAR PIN PROPELLER


higher altitudes will reduce available
power. This may require decreasing Remove the cotter pin, then remove Install the propeller in the reverse
the propeller pitch to maintain correct the propeller and shear pin. order of removal.
engine RPM.

Use a Honda Genuine stainless steel


cotter pin and bend the pin ends as
shown. A non-stainless steel cotter
pin can deteriorate if used in
saltwater.
Spare shear pin and cotter pin are
provided on the engine undercase
(p. 39).
52
31ZW66320.book 53

STORAGE
STORAGE PREPARATION Fuel The length of time that gasoline can
be left in your fuel tank and
Proper storage preparation is essential carburetor without causing functional
for keeping your outboard motor Depending on the region where you problems will vary with such factors
trouble-free and looking good. operate your outboard, fuel as gasoline blend, your storage
The following steps will help to keep formulations may deteriorate and temperatures, and whether the fuel
rust and corrosion from impairing oxidize rapidly. Fuel deterioration tank is partially or completely filled.
your outboard motors function and and oxidation can occur in as little as The air in a partially filled fuel tank
appearance, and will make the engine 15 days and may cause damage to the promotes fuel deterioration. Very
easier to start when you use the carburetor and fuel system. warm storage temperatures accelerate
outboard motor again. Please check with your servicing fuel deterioration. Fuel deterioration
dealer for local storage problems may occur in less than 15
Cleaning recommendations. days, if the gasoline was not fresh
when you filled the fuel tank.
After each use in salt water or dirty Gasoline will oxidize and deteriorate
water, thoroughly clean and flush the in storage. Deteriorated gasoline will The Distributors Limited Warranty
outboard motor with fresh water. cause hard starting, and it leaves gum (p. 74) does not cover fuel system
deposits that clog the fuel system. If damage or engine performance
Wash the outside of the outboard the gasoline in your fuel tank and problems resulting from neglected
motor with clean, fresh water to carburetor deteriorates during storage, storage preparation.
remove mud, salt, seaweed, etc. you may need to have the carburetor
and other fuel system components You can extend fuel storage life by
Touch up any damaged paint, and serviced or replaced. adding a gasoline stabilizer that is
coat areas that may rust with Honda formulated for that purpose, or you
Corrosion Inhibitor, or equivalent. can avoid fuel deterioration problems
Lubricate controls with a silicone by draining all the fuel from the fuel
spray lubricant. tank and carburetor.
53
31ZW66320.book 54

STORAGE
Adding a Fuel Stabilizer Draining the Fuel Tank and
Carburetor
When adding a fuel stabilizer, fill the
fuel tank with fresh gasoline. If only You can avoid fuel deterioration
partially filled, air in the tank will problems by draining the fuel tank
promote fuel deterioration during and carburetor.
storage. If you keep a container of
gasoline for refueling, be sure that it ANTIVENTILATION PLATE 1. With the outboard motor in a
contains only fresh gasoline. Place a container under the vertical position, place an approved
outboard motor, and fill it with gasoline container below the fuel
1. Add Honda Marine fuel stabilizer clean, fresh water. The water level drain outlet, and use a funnel to
following the instructions on the must be at least 6 inches (15 cm) avoid spilling fuel.
label. above the antiventilation plate.
2. After adding a fuel stabilizer, run Gasoline is highly
the engine outdoors for 10 minutes Running the engine without water flammable and explosive.
to be sure that the treated gasoline can cause overheating and You can be burned or seriously
has replaced the untreated gasoline damage. injured when handling fuel.
in the carburetor. Stop the engine and keep heat,
Starting the engine on land: Damage caused by running the sparks, and flame away.
outboard motor without water is not Handle fuel only outdoors.
For safety, remove the propeller from covered by the Distributors Limited
Warranty. Wipe up spills immediately.
the outboard motor (p. 52).
3. Turn the engine OFF, turn the fuel
valve lever to the OFF position
(p. 31), and close the vent knob
(p. 31).
54
31ZW66320.book 55

STORAGE
2. With the engine stopped, turn the Engine Oil To carry the outboard motor, hold it
vent knob ON position to open the by the carrying handle, as shown.
fuel vent, and then remove the fuel 1. Change the engine oil
filler cap. (p. 42 44).
2. Remove the spark plug (p. 47), and Lifting the outboard motor by the
3. Loosen the carburetor drain screw remove the emergency stop switch engine cover, or using the installed
and move the fuel valve lever to the clip from the emergency stop outboard motor as a handle or lever
ON position to drain the carburetor switch. to move the boat, can damage the
and the fuel tank into an approved 3. Pour 1 2 teaspoons (5 10 cm3) outboard motor.
gasoline container. of clean engine oil into the
cylinder. If your fuel tank contains gasoline,
DRAIN SCREW 4. Pull the starter grip several times to store it away from any appliance that
distribute the oil in the cylinder. operates with a flame, such as a
5. Reinstall the spark plug (p. 48). furnace, water heater, or clothes
dryer. Also avoid any area with a
STORAGE PRECAUTIONS spark-producing electric motor, or
Select a well-ventilated storage area. where power tools are operated.
If possible, avoid storage areas with
high humidity. Store the outboard motor either
4. After draining is completed,
tighten the carburetor drain screw vertically or horizontally with the
and turn the fuel valve lever to the tiller handle side up.
OFF position.

5. Install the fuel filler cap and turn


the vent knob OFF position to close
the fuel vent.

55
31ZW66320.book 56

STORAGE
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE
CORRECT INCORRECT
Check your outboard motor as
described in the BEFORE
OPERATION chapter of this manual.

If the cylinder was coated with oil


during storage preparation, the engine
may smoke briefly at startup. This is
normal.

CASE PROTECTOR

If storing horizontally, be sure to fold Cover the outboard motor to keep out
the tiller handle, and rest the outboard dust. Do not use plastic sheet as a
motor on its case protectors. dust cover. A nonporous cover will
trap moisture, promoting rust and
corrosion.
Any other horizontal storage position
may cause damage to the outboard
motor or oil leakage.

56
31ZW66320.book 57

TRANSPORTING
WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR
INSTALLED ON BOAT REMOVED FROM BOAT Lifting the outboard motor by the
engine cover, or using the
When trailering a boat with the Turn the vent knob OFF position and
installed outboard motor as a
outboard motor attached, leave the close the fuel filler cap securely
handle or lever to move the boat,
engine in the normal running before transporting the outboard
can damage the outboard motor.
position, if possible, and tighten the motor.
steering friction bolt securely (p. 33).
Remove the outboard motor from the
If there is insufficient road clearance boat and secure the outboard motor in
in the normal running position, then either the vertical or horizontal
tilt the outboard motor and use a position shown on p. 56.
motor support bar, or remove the
outboard motor from the boat. Refer
to the manufacturers instructions for
using a motor support bar.

MOTOR SUPPORT BAR


(commercially available)
To carry, hold the outboard motor by
the carrying handle, as shown.
57
31ZW66320.book 58

TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS


ENGINE WILL NOT START
Possible Cause Correction

Clip not inserted in emergency stop switch. Insert clip in emergency stop switch.

Choke knob in OFF position. Pull choke knob to ON position, unless engine is warm
(p. 27).

Throttle grip not in START position. Turn throttle grip to START position (p. 26).

58
31ZW66320.book 59

TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS


ENGINE WILL NOT START

Possible Cause Correction

Out of fuel. Refuel (p. 49).

Fuel vent closed. Open the vent knob (p. 25).

Fuel valve lever in the OFF position. Move the fuel valve lever to the ON position (p. 26).

Bad fuel; outboard motor stored without treating or Drain fuel tank and carburetor (p. 54). Refill with
draining gasoline, or refueled with bad gasoline. fresh gasoline (p. 49).

Spark plug faulty, fouled, or improperly gapped. Gap or replace spark plug (p. 47).

Spark plug wet with fuel (flooded engine). Dry and reinstall spark plug. Start engine with choke
and throttle open.

Carburetor malfunction, ignition malfunction, stuck Take outboard motor to an authorized Honda Marine
valves, etc. dealer, or refer to the shop manual.

59
31ZW66320.book 60

TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS


HARD STARTING OR STALLS AFTER STARTING
Possible Cause Correction

Choke knob in OFF position. Pull choke knob to ON position, unless engine is warm
(p. 27).

Throttle grip not in START position. Turn throttle grip to START position (p. 26).

Fuel vent closed. Open the vent knob (p. 25).

Bad fuel; outboard motor stored without treating or Drain fuel tank and carburetor (p. 54). Refill with
draining gasoline, or refueled with bad fuel. fresh gasoline (p. 49).

Spark plug faulty, fouled, or improperly gapped. Gap or replace spark plug (p. 47).

Carburetor malfunction, ignition malfunction, etc. Take outboard motor to an authorized Honda Marine
dealer, or refer to the shop manual.

60
31ZW66320.book 61

TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS


ENGINE WILL NOT DRIVE THE PROPELLER
Possible Cause Correction

Broken shear pin. Replace shear pin (p. 52).

Damaged clutch, drive train, or engagement Take outboard motor to an authorized Honda Marine
mechanism. dealer, or refer to the shop manual.

61
31ZW66320.book 62

TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS


SUBMERGED OUTBOARD 3. Change the engine oil as described
Direction to pull
MOTOR on p. 42 44. If there was water
A submerged outboard motor must be in the engine crankcase, or if the
serviced immediately after it is used engine oil showed signs of
recovered from the water in order to water contamination, then a second
minimize corrosion. engine oil change should be
performed after running the engine
If there is a Honda Marine dealership for half an hour.
nearby, take the outboard motor to the
dealer immediately. If you are far
from a dealer, proceed as follows: STARTER GRIP

1. Remove the engine cover, and rinse 4. Remove the spark plug (p. 47),
the outboard motor with fresh and remove the emergency stop
water to remove salt water, sand, switch clip from the emergency
mud, etc. stop switch. Pull the starter grip,
rotate the flywheel a few
2. Drain the carburetor as described revolutions to completely expel
on p. 54. any water from the cylinder.

If the engine was running when it


submerged, there may be
mechanical damage, such as a bent
connecting rod. If the engine binds
when cranked, do not attempt to
run the engine until it has been
repaired.
62
31ZW66320.book 63

TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS


7. Attempt to start the engine.
When cranking the engine with an If the engine fails to start, remove
open ignition circuit (spark plug the spark plug, and dry it, then
removed from the ignition circuit), reinstall the spark plug and attempt
remove the emergency stop switch to start the engine again.
clip from the emergency stop switch
to prevent possible damage to the If the engine starts, and no
ignition system. mechanical damage is evident,
continue to run the engine for a
half hour or longer.

8. As soon as possible, take the


outboard motor to an authorized
5. Pour a teaspoon of engine oil into Honda Marine dealer for inspection
the spark plug hole, and then pull and service.
the starter grip several times to
lubricate the inside of the cylinder.
6. Reinstall the spark plug, and put
the emergency stop switch clip
into the emergency stop switch.

63
31ZW66320.book 64

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Serial Number Locations
ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER
Record the product identification
number, the engine serial number,
and the date of purchase in the space
provided on this page. You will need
these numbers when ordering parts,
and when making technical or
warranty inquiries (p. 72). PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
NUMBER

The product identification number is The engine serial number is


stamped on a plate attached on the stamped on the engine.
upper part of the swivel case.

Product identification number: Engine serial number:

Date of purchase:

64
31ZW66320.book 65

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Carburetor Modif ication for Even with carburetor modification,
High Altitude Operation engine horsepower will decrease
about 3.5% for each 1,000-foot
At altitudes above 3,000 feet (300-meter) increase in altitude. The
(900 meters), the standard carburetor effect of altitude on horsepower will
air-fuel mixture will be too rich. be greater than this if no carburetor
Performance will decrease, and fuel modification is made.
consumption will increase. A very
rich mixture will also foul the spark
plug and cause hard starting. When the carburetor has been
Operation at an altitude that differs modified for operation at one of the
from that at which this engine was higher altitude ranges, the air-fuel
certified, for extended periods of mixture will be too lean for operation
time, may increase emissions. at a lower altitude.
Operation at altitudes below the
High altitude operation can be range for which the carburetor is set
improved by specif ic modif ications may cause the engine to overheat and
to the carburetor. If you usually result in serious engine damage.
operate your outboard motor at 3,000 For use at lower altitudes, have an
feet (900 meters) or above, consult authorized Honda Marine dealer
with your authorized Honda Marine modify the carburetor for the correct
dealer. altitude range.
Your dealer can determine the
appropriate carburetor settings for the
altitude at which you operate your
outboard motor.

65
31ZW66320.book 66

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Emission Control System The U.S., California Clean Air Tampering and Altering
Information Acts, and Environment Canada
Source of Emissions EPA, California, and Canadian Tampering is a violation of Federal
regulations require all manufacturers and California law.
The combustion process produces to furnish written instructions
carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, describing the operation and Tampering with or altering the
and hydrocarbons. Control of maintenance of emission control emission control system may increase
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen systems. emissions beyond the legal limit.
is very important because, under Among those acts that constitute
certain conditions, they react to form The following instructions and tampering are:
photochemical smog when subjected procedures must be followed in order
to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does to keep the emissions from your Removal or alteration of any part
not react in the same way, but it is Honda engine within the emission of the intake, fuel, or exhaust
toxic. standards. systems.

Honda utilizes appropriate air/fuel Alterations that would cause the


ratios and other emissions control engine to operate outside its design
systems to reduce the emissions of parameters.
carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen,
and hydrocarbons.

66
31ZW66320.book 67

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Problems That May Affect Replacement Parts A manufacturer of an aftermarket part
Emissions assumes the responsibility that the
The emission control systems on your part will not adversely affect
If you are aware of any of the Honda engine were designed, built, emission performance. The
following symptoms, have your and certified to conform with EPA manufacturer or rebuilder of the part
engine inspected and repaired by and California emission regulations. must certify that use of the part will
your servicing dealer. We recommend the use of Honda not result in a failure of the engine to
Genuine parts whenever you have comply with emission regulations.
Hard starting or stalling after maintenance done. These
starting. original-design replacement parts are Maintenance
manufactured to the same standards
Rough idle. as the original parts, so you can be Follow the maintenance schedule on
confident of their performance. The (p. 40 and 41). Remember that this
Misfiring or backfiring under load. use of replacement parts that are not schedule is based on the assumption
of the original design and quality may that your machine will be used for
Afterburning (backfiring). its designed purpose. Sustained
impair the effectiveness of your
Black exhaust smoke or high fuel emission control system. high-load operation, or use in unusual
consumption. conditions, will require more
frequent service.

67
31ZW66320.book 68

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Star Label The Star Label means Cleaner Marine Engine
US, Puerto Rico, and US Virgin
Islands This engine has been certified as a:

A Star label was applied to this


outboard motor in accordance with
the requirements of the California Air
Resources Board.

The Symbol for Cleaner Marine Engines:

Cleaner Air and Water - for healthier lifestyle and environment.

Better Fuel Economy - burns up to 30 - 40 percent less gas and oil than
conventional carbureted two-stroke engines, saving money and resources.

Longer Emission Warranty - protects consumer for worry-free operation.

68
31ZW66320.book 69

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
The one-star label identifies engines that meet the Air Resources Boards
One Star Personal Watercraft and Outboard marine engine 2001 exhaust emission
Low standards. Engines meeting these standards have 75% lower emissions than
Emission conventional carbureted two-stroke engines. These engines are equivalent to
the U.S. EPAs 2006 standards for marine engines.

The two-star label identifies engines that meet the Air Resources Boards
Two Stars Personal Watercraft and Outboard marine engine 2004 exhaust emission
Very Low standards. Engines meeting these standards have 20% lower emissions than
Emission One Star-Low Emission engines.

The three-star label identifies engines that meet the Air Resources Boards
Three Stars Personal Watercraft and Outboard marine engine 2008 exhaust emission
Ultra Low standards or the Sterndrive and Inboard marine engine 2003-2008 exhaust
Emission emission standards. Engines meeting these standards have 65% lower
emissions than One Star-Low Emission engines.

The four-star label identifies engines that meet the Air Resources Boards
Four Stars Sterndrive and Inboard marine engine 2009 exhaust emission standards.
Super Ultra Personal Watercraft and Outboard marine engines may also comply with
Low Emission these standards. Engines meeting these standards have 90% lower
emissions than One Star-Low Emission engines.

Cleaner Watercraft - Get the Facts


1-800-END-SMOG
www.arb.ca.gov
69
31ZW66320.book 70

TECHNICAL INFORMATION
Specifications
MODEL BF2.3D CARB star label ULTRA LOW EMISSION
Description code BAVJ Cooling system Engine: Forced air cooling
Type SCH LCH Exhaust system Underwater exhaust
Overall length 16.1 in (410 mm) Spark plug CR4HSB (NGK)
Overall width 11.2 in (285 mm) U14FSR-UB (DENSO)
Overall height 38.0 in (964 mm) 44.0 in (1,117 mm) Fuel Unleaded gasoline
Transom height (86 pump octane or higher)
(when transom 16.5 in (418 mm) 22.5 in (571 mm) Tank capacity 0.29 US gal (1.1 L)
angle at 5) Steering equipment Tiller handle
Dry mass [weight]* 30.0 lbs (13.6 kg) 31.5 lbs (14.3 kg) Steering angle 360
Rated power 1.7 kW (2.3 HP) Transom angle 4 stages (5, 10, 15, 20)
Full throttle range 5,000 6,000 rpm Tilt up angle
Engine type 4 stroke OHV 1 cylinder (when transom 75
Displacement 3.49 cu-in (57.2 cm3) angle at 5)
Spark plug gap 0.024 0.028 in (0.6 0.7 mm) Clutch system Centrifugal clutch
Starter system Recoil starter
Ignition system Transistorized magneto Tuneup
Lubrication system Oil slinger system Spark plug gap 0.024 0.028 in See page 47
Specified oil Engine: API standard (SG, SH or SJ oil) (0.6 0.7 mm)
SAE/FC-W 10W-30 Idle speed 2,000 100 rpm See shop
Gear case: API standard (GL-4) SAE 90 manual
Hypoid gear oil Valve clearance Intake: 0.08 0.02 mm See shop
Oil capacity Engine: 0.26 US qt (0.25 L) (cold) Exhaust: 0.11 0.02 mm manual
Gear case: 0.05 US qt (0.05 L) Other specifications No other adjustment is needed

* With propeller

Honda outboard motors are power rated in accordance with NMMA procedures and using the ICOMIA standard 28/23.
70
31ZW66330.book 71

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Honda Publications Parts Catalog Customer Service Information
(United States, Puerto Rico, U.S. This manual provides complete,
Virgin Islands, and Canada) illustrated parts lists. Contacting Honda
The catalog is available through your Your Owners Manual was written to
These publications will give you Honda Marine dealer. cover most of the questions you
additional information for might ask about your Honda. Any
maintaining and repairing your questions not answered in the
Accessory Catalog Owners Manual can be answered by
outboard motor.
Your authorized Honda Marine dealer your Honda dealer. If your dealer
Shop Manual offers a wide selection of accessories doesnt have an immediate answer,
(optional equipment, oils, and they should be able to get it for you.
This manual covers complete
lubricants) to enhance your boating
maintenance and overhaul procedures. experience. If you have a difference of opinion
It is intended to be used by a skilled with your dealer, please remember
Visit http://marine.honda.com and
technician. that each dealership is independently
click on PARTS & ACCESSORIES
Shop manuals are available through to see the entire catalog of owned and operated. Thats why its
your Honda Marine dealer or visit important to work to resolve any
accessories.
http://marine.honda.com and select differences at the dealership level. If
OWNERS RESOURCES. For Canada: the service personnel are unable to
Check with your dealer or visit assist you, please discuss your
For Canada:
www.honda.ca and select the Parts concerns with the dealer management
Please contact your Honda Marine
and Accessories tab under the Honda such as the Service Manager or the
dealer to obtain a copy of the Shop dealerships owner.
Marine segment to view the range of
Manual.
accessories available. If you need to contact Honda
regarding your experiences with your
Honda product or with your dealer,
please contact the Honda office in
your region:
71
31ZW66330.book 72

CONSUMER INFORMATION
American Honda Motor Co., Inc. Please include the following Warranty Coverage
Marine Division information in your communication:
Customer Relations Office Your new Honda is covered by the
4900 Marconi Drive Your name, address and telephone following warranties:
Alpharetta, GA 30005-8847 number (complete with area code)
Telephone (770) 497 6400 Distributors Limited Warranty
M-F 8:30 am-7:00 pm (Eastern Time Model and complete serial number Emission Control System
Zone) Warranty
Date of purchase
Honda Canada Inc. Please read the warranty statements
Name and location of selling contained in this manual. There are
Customer Relations Office
dealer responsibilities, restrictions, and
180 Honda Boulevard
Markham, Ontario L6C 0H9 exclusions that apply to these
Name and location of servicing warranties.
Tel: 1-888-946-6329 (Toll free) dealer (if different)
Fax: 1-877-939-0909 (Toll free) To obtain warranty service you must
A detailed description of your take your Honda outboard motor,
concerns together with proof of original retail
purchase date, at your expense, to a
We will likely ask your Honda dealer Honda engine dealer or distributor
to respond, or possibly acknowledge authorized to sell that product in the
your comments directly. United States, Puerto Rico, the U.S.
Virgin Islands or Canada.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in
material or workmanship of your
Honda. Your warranty coverage does
72
31ZW66330.book 73

CONSUMER INFORMATION
not apply to normal wear or Warranty Service handling of the situation, we suggest
deterioration associated with using you discuss your problem with the
your Honda outboard motor. Please remember that recommended appropriate member of the
maintenance interval servicing is not dealerships management team. If the
Your warranty coverage will not be included in your warranty coverage. problem has already been reviewed
voided if you choose to perform your Additionally, your warranty does not with the appropriate manager of the
own maintenance. However, you apply to the normal wear of items Service, Parts, or Sales department,
should have the proper tools and (such as spark plug(s), water pump, contact the owner of the dealership or
service information and be etc.). their designated representative.
mechanically qualified. Failures that
occur due to modifications, improper As the owner of a Honda product,
maintenance, or service are not your servicing dealer may ask you to
covered. authorize an inspection. If the
problem is covered under warranty,
your dealer will perform any
warranty repairs for you at no cost.
However, you may be responsible for
additional non-warranty charges.
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it
is best to talk to the service manager
of your Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best
intentions of all concerned, a
misunderstanding may occur. If you
arent satisfied with your dealers
73
31ZW66320.book 74

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Warranty Statements
The American Honda Distributors Limited Warranty applies to outboards purchased in the United States, Puerto Rico,
or the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Honda Canada Distributors Warranty applies to outboards purchased in Canada.
The product warranty is only valid in the country where the product was purchased.

United states, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands

Distributors Limited Warranty


This warranty is limited to Honda Outboard Motors and related original equipment distributed by American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., Power Equipment Division, 4900 Marconi Drive, Alpharetta, Georgia 30005-8847.
Products Covered by Warranty: Length of Warranty: (from date of original retail purchase)
NONCOMMERCIAL/ COMMERCIAL/RENTAL STATE/LOCAL/FEDERAL
NONRENTAL GOVERNMENT
All models purchased before July 1, 2008(1) (2) 36 months 12 months 24 months
All Models purchased on or after July 1, 2008(2) 60 months 12 months 24 months
Related original equipment items:
BF2 through BF30 models: Portable fuel tank
and original propeller. The same duration as the outboard with which they were purchased.
All models: Primer bulb/fuel line assembly and
tiller handle.

(1) Models purchased prior to July 1, 2008 (unless previously purchased with True-5 warranty from a participating dealer).
(2) 35, 65, & 105 Jet models: Jet pump assembly is a dealer installed option. Jet pump warranty is provided by Specialty Manufacturing Co. (Outboard Jets).

74
31ZW66320.book 75

CONSUMER INFORMATION
To Qualify for This Warranty: To Obtain Warranty Service:
The Honda Outboard Motor must be purchased from You must, at your expense, take your Honda Outboard
American Honda or a dealer authorized by American Motor and proof of the original purchase date to any
Honda to sell Honda Outboard Motors in the United dealer who is authorized to service Honda Outboard
States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands. This Motors in the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S.
limited warranty applies to the first retail purchaser and Virgin Islands, during the dealers normal business hours.
each subsequent owner during the applicable warranty If you are unable to obtain warranty service, or are
time period. dissatisfied with the warranty service you receive, take the
following steps: First, contact the owner of the dealership
What American Honda Will Repair or Replace Under involved; normally this should resolve the problem.
Warranty: However, if you should require further assistance, write or
American Honda will repair or replace, at its option, any call the Honda Marine Customer Relations. Please see
part that is proven to be defective in material or Contacting Honda on page 71.
workmanship under normal use during the applicable
warranty time period. Warranty repairs and replacements
will be made without charge for parts or labor. Anything
replaced under warranty becomes the property of
American Honda Motor Company, Inc.
All parts replaced under warranty will be considered as
part of the original product and any warranty on those
parts will expire coincidentally with the original product
warranty.

75
31ZW66320.book 76

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Exclusions: Reimbursement for towing charges, in and out of water
This warranty does not extend to the following: charges, or technician travel time
Conditions caused by lack of routine maintenance or Growth of marine organisms on outboard motor
improper storage (as outlined in the Owners Manual) surfaces, external or internal
Conditions caused by the use of propeller (s) that do Any product that has ever been declared a total loss or
not allow the outboard motor to run in its sold for salvage by a financial institution or insurer, or
recommended full throttle rpm range that has been issued a salvage or similar title under
Operation inconsistent with the recommended any states law.
operation/duty cycle (as outlined in the Owners
Manual) Disclaimer of consequential damage and limitation of
Parts affected or damaged by an abuse, submersion implied warranties:
and/or collision American Honda disclaims any responsibility for loss of
Normal wear and tear time or use of the outboard, revenue, or the equipment in
Fuel contamination and water entering engine through which the outboard is installed, transportation,
the fuel intake, air intake or exhaust system commercial loss, or any other incidental or consequential
Operation with fuels, oils, additives and lubricants damage. Any implied warranties are limited to the
which are not suitable for use in the product duration of this written limited warranty.
Use in an application for which the outboard motor was Some states do not allow limitations on how long an
not designed, such as racing or competitive use or any implied warranty lasts and/or do not allow the exclusion
other misuse or neglect or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so
Incorporation of unsuitable attachments or parts the above exclusions and limitations may not apply to
The unauthorized alteration, improper installation and/ you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and
or rigging, or any causes other than defects in material you may also have other rights which vary from state to
or workmanship state.
Corrosion to steering system or electrical components,
corrosion due to electrolysis, water born foreign
chemicals, improper service or corrosion caused by
damage or abuse
76
31ZW66320.book 77

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Accessories and Replacement Parts
This warranty is limited to Honda Marine parts, accessories and apparel when distributed by American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc., 1919 Torrance Blvd., Torrance, California 90501-2746.
Products Covered by Warranty: Length of Warranty: (from date of original retail purchase)
Non Commercial Commercial/Rental Local/State/Federal
Government
Accessories other than noted below 12 months 3 months 3 months
Emission related accessories:
Portable fuel tanks, fuel line assemblies, and 24 months 24 months 24 months
water/fuel separators
Replacement Parts 6 months 3 months 3 months

To Qualify for This Warranty: marine product accessories or replacement parts that are
1. The accessories or replacement parts must be proven to be defective in material or workmanship under
purchased from American Honda or a dealer, normal use during the applicable warranty time period.
distributor, or distributors dealer authorized by Anything replaced under warranty becomes the property
American Honda to sell those products in the United of American Honda Motor Company, Inc. All parts
States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Parts replaced under warranty will be considered as part of the
and Accessories must be purchased for installation on original product and any warranty on those parts will
original Honda equipment or engines to be eligible for expire coincidentally with the original product warranty.
warranty coverage. Installing parts and accessories on
non-Honda products or engines voids this warranty. Accessories and replacement parts, installed by a dealer
2. You must be the first retail purchaser. This warranty is who is authorized by American Honda to sell them, will
not transferable to subsequent owners. be repaired or replaced under warranty without charge for
parts or labor. If installed by anyone else, accessories and
What American Honda Will Repair or Replace Under replacement parts will be repaired or replaced under
Warranty: warranty without charge for parts, but any labor charges
American Honda will repair or replace, at its option, any will be the responsibility of the purchaser.
77
31ZW66320.book 78

CONSUMER INFORMATION
To Obtain Warranty Service: how long an implied warranty lasts and/or do not allow
You must, at your expense, take the Honda Outboard the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
Motor product accessory or replacement part or the damages, so the above exclusions and limitations may not
outboard motor or boat on which the accessory or apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights,
replacement part is installed, and proof of purchase to and you may also have other rights which vary from state
any Honda Marine authorized service facility or dealer in to state.
the United States, Puerto Rico, or the U.S. Virgin Islands,
during normal business hours.
Exclusions:
This warranty does not extend to accessories or parts
affected or damaged by collision, normal wear, use in an
application for which the product was not designed or any
other misuse, neglect, incorporation or use of unsuitable
attachments or parts, unauthorized alteration, improper
installation, or any causes other than defects in material or
workmanship of the product.
Installing parts and accessories on non-Honda products or
engines voids this warranty.
Disclaimer of consequential damage and limitation of
implied warranties:
American Honda disclaims any responsibility for loss of
time or use of the outboard motor, or the boat on which the
product is installed, transportation, commercial loss, or
any other incidental or consequential damage. Any
implied warranties are limited to the duration of this
written warranty. Some states do not allow limitations on
78
31ZW66320.book 79

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Emission Control System Warranty abuse, neglect, or improper maintenance of your outboard
engine.
Your new Honda outboard engine complies with both the Your emission control system may include parts such as
U.S. EPA and State of California emission regulations. the carburetor or fuel injection system, the ignition
American Honda provides the same emission warranty system, and catalytic converter. Also included may be
coverage for outboard engines sold in all 50 states. In all hoses, belts, connectors, and other emission-related
areas of the United States your outboard engine must be assemblies.
designed, built, and equipped to meet the U.S. EPA and Where a warrantable condition exists, American Honda
California Air Resources Board emission standard for Motor Co., Inc. will repair your outboard engine at no cost
spark ignited marine engines. to you including diagnosis, parts, and labor.

CALIFORNIA EMISSION CONTROL MANUFACTURERS WARRANTY


WARRANTY STATEMENT COVERAGE:
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND Select emission control parts from model year 2010 and
OBLIGATIONS later outboard engines are warranted for five years or 250
The California Air Resources Board (CARB) and hours of use, whichever first occurs; or the length of the
American Honda Motor Co., Inc. are pleased to explain Honda Marine Distributors Limited Warranty, whichever
the emission control system warranty on your 2013-2014 is longer. However, warranty coverage based on the
Honda outboard engine. In California, new outboard hourly period is only permitted for engines equipped with
engines must be designed, built, and equipped to meet the hour meters as defined in 2441 (a)(13)* or their
states stringent anti-smog standards. equivalent. If any emission-related part on your engine is
American Honda Motor Co., Inc. must warrant the defective under warranty, the part will be repaired or
emission control system on your outboard engine for the replaced by American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
periods of time listed below provided there has been no
* California Code of Regulations.
79
31ZW66320.book 80

CONSUMER INFORMATION
OWNERS WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES: the Honda Marine Distributors Limited Warranty,
As the outboard engine owner, you are responsible for the whichever is longer, from the date of delivery to the retail
performance of the required maintenance listed in your purchaser. This warranty is transferred to each subsequent
owners manual. American Honda Motor Co., Inc. purchaser for the duration of the warranty period.
recommends that you retain all receipts covering Warranty repairs will be made without charge for
maintenance on your outboard engine, but American diagnosis, parts, and labor. All defective parts replaced
Honda Motor Co., Inc. cannot deny warranty solely for the under this warranty become the property of American
lack of receipts or your failure to ensure the performance Honda Motor Co., Inc. A list of warranty parts is on page
of all scheduled maintenance. 82. Normal maintenance items, such as spark plugs and
As the outboard engine owner, you should, however, be filters, that are on the warranted parts list are warranted up
aware that American Honda Motor Co., Inc. may deny to their required replacement interval only.
you warranty coverage if your outboard engine or a part American Honda Motor Co., Inc. is also liable for
has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance, or damages to other engine components caused by a failure
unapproved modifications. of any warranted part during the warranty period.
You are responsible for presenting your outboard engine Only Honda approved replacement parts will be used in
to a Honda Marine dealer as soon as a problem exists. The the performance of any warranty repairs, and they will be
warranty repairs will be completed in a reasonable amount provided without charge to the owner. You may use any
of time, not to exceed 30 days. replacement part as defined in 1900 (b)(20)* in the
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights performance of any maintenance or repairs. If a
and responsibilities, you should contact American Honda replacement part is used in the repair or maintenance of
Motor Co., Inc., Marine Division Customer Relations your engine, and an authorized Honda Marine dealer
Office. Please see Contacting Honda page 71. determines it causes the failure of a warranted part, your
warranty claim may be denied. If the part in question is
WARRANTY COVERAGE: not related to the reason that your engine requires repair,
Honda outboard engines certified to the CARB and EPA your claim will not be denied.
2010 and later regulation are covered by this warranty to
be free from defects for a minimum of five years or 250 * California Code of Regulations.
hours of operation, whichever comes first; or the length of

80
31ZW66320.book 81

CONSUMER INFORMATION
TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE: EXCLUSIONS:
You must take your Honda outboard engine, along with Failures other than those resulting from defects in material
your sales registration card or other proof of original or workmanship are not covered by this warranty. This
purchase date, at your expense, to any Honda Marine warranty does not extend to emission control systems or
dealer that is authorized by American Honda Motor Co., parts which are affected or damaged by owner abuse,
Inc. to sell and service that Honda marine product during neglect, improper maintenance, misuse, misfueling,
its normal business hours. Claims for repair or adjustment improper storage, and/or collision, the incorporation of, or
found to be caused solely by defects in material or use of, unsuitable attachments, or the unauthorized
workmanship will not be denied because the engine was alteration of any part.
not properly maintained and used. This warranty does not cover replacement of expendable
If you are unable to obtain warranty service, or are maintenance items made in connection with required
dissatisfied with the warranty service you received, maintenance service after the items first scheduled
contact the owner of the dealership involved. Normally replacement as listed in the maintenance section of the
this should resolve your problem. However, if you require product owners manual, such as: spark plugs and filters.
further assistance, write or call the Honda Marine
Customer Relations Office of American Honda Motor DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE
Co., Inc. AND LIMITATION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES:
American Honda Motor Co., Inc. disclaims any
responsibility for incidental or consequential damages
such as loss of time or the use of outboard engine, or any
commercial loss due to the failure of the equipment; and
any implied warranties are limited to the duration of this
written warranty. This warranty is applicable only where
the California or U.S. EPA emission control system
warranty regulation is in effect.

81
31ZW66320.book 82

CONSUMER INFORMATION
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM WARRANTY PARTS:
SYSTEMS COVERED PARTS DESCRIPTION:
BY THIS WARRANTY:
Fuel Metering Carburetor assembly, Throttle body, Fuel injector, Fuel pump, Fuel pressure regulator, Throttle position
sensor, Intake air temperature sensor, Engine temperature sensor, Manifold absolute pressure sensor, Idle air
control valve, Barometric pressure sensor, Fuel line solenoid valve, Intake manifold, Intake valves, and
Oxygen sensor or Air fuel ratio sensor
Evaporative Portable fuel tank, Fuel cap, Fuel hoses, Primer bulb, Fuel hose joint
Air Induction Air intake duct, Vapor separator, Intake manifold tuning valve (Intake air bypass control valve)
Ignition Flywheel magneto, Ignition pulse generator, Ignition coil assembly, Ignition control module, Engine control
module, Crankshaft position sensor, Spark plug cap, Spark plug*, Knock sensor, and Camshaft position
sensor
Lubrication System Oil pump and internal parts
Crankcase Emission Control Crankcase breather tube, Positive crankcase ventilation valve, Oil filler cap
Exhaust Exhaust manifold and Exhaust valves
Valve Control System Rocker arm oil control valve
Miscellaneous Parts Tubing, fittings, seals, gaskets, and clamps associated with these listed systems.
* Covered up to the first required replacement only. See the Maintenance Schedule on pages 40 and 41.

82
31ZW66320.book 83

CONSUMER INFORMATION
Canada WARRANTY PERIOD RETAILED ON OR
AFTER APRIL 1, 2005:
Distributors Warranty Non-commercial Commercial
HONDA CANADA INC., for and on behalf of Honda use use
Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, gives the following All Honda Outboard
36 Months 12 Months
written warranty on each new marine product Models
manufactured by Honda Motor Co. Ltd., Japan,
distributed in Canada by Honda Canada Inc. and sold by THIS WARRANTY COVERS
authorized Honda Marine dealers.
a) Any Honda marine product purchased in Canada from
Whenever used herein, the word Honda refers to an authorized Honda dealer which has been registered
Honda Canada Inc. and/or Honda Motor Co. Ltd., as at the time of purchase on a form provided by Honda,
appropriate from the context. which has had set-up and pre-delivery service
performed by an authorized Honda dealer and which is
HONDA WARRANTS THAT each new Honda marine normally operated in Canada;
product will be free, under normal use and maintenance, b)Any factory installed part (except normal maintenance
from any defects in material or workmanship for the parts referred to in THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT
COVER); and
relevant warranty period set forth below. If any defects c) Any marine product on which required maintenance
should be found in a Honda marine product within the services have been performed as prescribed in the
relevant warranty period, necessary repairs and Owners Manual.
replacements with a new part or the Honda equivalent
shall be made at no cost to the consumer for parts and
labour, when Honda acknowledges that such defects are
attributable to faulty material or workmanship at the time
of manufacture.

83
31ZW66320.book 84

CONSUMER INFORMATION
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER THE OWNERS OBLIGATION
a) Any repairs required as a result of collision, accident, In order to maintain the validity of this DISTRIBUTORS
striking any object, misuse or lack of required WARRANTY, the required maintenance services as set
maintenance; forth in the Owners Manual must be performed at the
b)Any repairs required as a result of any attachments, proper intervals and detailed receipts and records retained
parts or devices installed by or repairs done by a party as proof.
other than an authorized Honda dealer;
c) Any outboard that has been operated out of water,
(Run Dry) damaging the water pump and or engine TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE
components due to insufficient cooling water.
d)Any marine products modified, altered, disassembled or You must take your Honda marine product, at your
remodelled; expense, during normal service hours, to any authorized
e) Normal maintenance services, including tightening of Honda Marine dealership. If you are unable to obtain or
nuts, bolts and fittings and engine tune-up and the are dissatisfied with the warranty service you receive,
replacement of parts made in connection with normal first contact the owner of the dealership involved; this
maintenance services including filters, spark plugs and should resolve the problem. If you require further
wires, fuses, belts, lubricants and other expendables assistance, contact Honda Canadas Customer Relations
susceptible to natural wear; Department at:
f) Outboard propeller or shear pin.
g)All accessories or attachments. HONDA CANADA INC.
Customer Relations Office
180 Honda Boulevard
Markham, Ontario L6C 0H9

TELEPHONE: 1-888-946-6329 TOLL FREE


FAX : 1-877-939-0909 TOLL FREE

84
31ZW66320.book 85

CONSUMER INFORMATION
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND ACCESSORY DISCLAIMER
WARRANTY
To the extent the law permits, Honda disclaims any
New genuine Honda replacement parts or accessories responsibility for loss of time or use of the product,
sold to a consumer or installed by an authorized Honda transportation or towing costs or any other indirect,
Marine dealer which are not covered by the incidental or consequential damage, inconvenience or
DISTRIBUTORS WARRANTY are warranted for a commercial loss.
period of one year from date of purchase, provided,
however, that this Replacement Parts and Accessory NOTICE TO CONSUMER
Warranty does not apply to any replacement parts
modified, used with, or installed on a marine product for The provisions contained in these written warranties are
which the replacement parts were not intended. Electrical not intended to limit, modify, take away from, disclaim
components that are not installed by the dealer (sold over or exclude any warranties set forth in or the operation of
the counter) are not covered by warranty. The Consumer Products Warranties Act, 1977
(Saskatchewan), The Consumer Product Warranty and
ENTIRE WRITTEN WARRANTY Liability Act (New Brunswick), The Consumer
Protection Act (Quebec), or any other similar provincial
This DISTRIBUTORS WARRANTY and the or federal legislation.
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND ACCESSORY
WARRANTY are the only and the entire written
warranties given by Honda for Marine engines. No dealer
or his agent or employee is authorized to extend or
enlarge on these warranties on behalf of Honda by any
written or verbal statement or advertisement.

85
31ZW66320.book 86

INDEX
Anode ............................................................................18 EMERGENCY STARTING ......................................... 28
Replacement ..............................................................51 Emergency Stop Switch Clip and
ARE YOU READY TO GET UNDERWAY? ...............22 Emergency Stop Switch ............................................ 13
ATTACHMENT ............................................................20 Emission Control System Information .......................... 66
Emission Control System Warranty .............................. 79
BEFORE OPERATION .................................................22 Engine
BREAK-IN PROCEDURE ...........................................24 Cover
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION .................... 42
Carburetor Modification for High Altitude Retaining Strap ..................................................... 15
Operation ..................................................................65 Oil
Centrifugal Clutch .........................................................18 Change .................................................................. 43
Choke Knob ...................................................................13 Level Check .......................................................... 42
Clamp Screws ................................................................17 Level Inspection Window ..................................... 18
COMPONENT AND CONTROL LOCATIONS .........12 Recommendations ................................................. 44
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....................................71 ENGINE WILL NOT DRIVE THE PROPELLER ...... 61
CONTROL AND FEATURE IDENTIFICATION ENGINE WILL NOT START ...................................... 58
CODES ......................................................................11
CONTROLS ..................................................................13 Fuel
CONTROLS AND FEATURES ....................................11 Filler Cap Vent Knob ................................................ 17
CRUISING ....................................................................34 RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................... 50
Customer Service Information ......................................71 Valve Lever ............................................................... 15

Distributors Limited Warranty .....................................74 Gear Case Oil Change ................................................... 45


Distributors Warranty ...................................................83
HARD STARTING OR STALLS AFTER
STARTING ............................................................... 60
Honda Publications ....................................................... 71
86
31ZW66320.book 87

INDEX
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION ......................6 SAFE OPERATING PRECAUTIONS ......................... 24
INFREQUENT OR OCCASIONAL USE ....................25 SAFETY LABEL LOCATIONS .................................... 8
INSTALLATION ...........................................................19 Serial Number Locations .............................................. 64
INSTALLATION POSITION ........................................19 SERVICING YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR ............... 37
IS YOUR OUTBOARD MOTOR Spark Plug Service ........................................................ 47
READY TO GO? ......................................................22 Specifications ................................................................ 70
Star Label ...................................................................... 68
Lubrication Points .........................................................46 Starter Grip .................................................................... 15
STARTING THE ENGINE ........................................... 25
MAINTENANCE SAFETY ..........................................38 STEERING ................................................................... 33
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE ....................................40 Steering Friction Bolt .................................................... 17
MOORING, BEACHING, LAUNCHING .....................35 STOPPING THE ENGINE
Emergency Engine Stopping ..................................... 30
OPERATION .................................................................24 Normal Engine Stopping .......................................... 30
OTHER FEATURES .....................................................18 STORAGE .................................................................... 53
OUTBOARD MOTOR SAFETY ...................................6 STORAGE PRECAUTIONS ........................................ 55
STORAGE PREPARATION ........................................ 53
POWER REQUIREMENTS .........................................19 Adding a Fuel Stabilizer ........................................... 54
Propeller Replacement ...................................................52 Cleaning .................................................................... 53
Draining the Fuel Tank and Carburetor .................... 54
Recoil Starter Rope Inspection ......................................51 Engine Oil ................................................................. 55
REFUELING .................................................................49 Fuel ........................................................................... 53
REMOVAL FROM STORAGE ....................................56 SUBMERGED OUTBOARD MOTOR ....................... 62
REVERSING THE OUTBOARD MOTOR .................32

87
31ZW66320.book 88

INDEX
TAKING CARE OF UNEXPECTED PROBLEMS .....58
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ....................................64
THE IMPORTANCE OF MAINTENANCE ................37
Throttle Grip ..................................................................14
Throttle Grip Friction Knob ..........................................14
THROTTLE OPERATION ...........................................31
Tilt Lever .......................................................................16
TOOL KIT AND EMERGENCY STARTER ROPE ....39
Transom Angle Adjusting Bolt ......................................16
TRANSOM ANGLE ADJUSTMENT ..........................24
TRANSPORTING .........................................................57
WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR INSTALLED
ON BOAT ..............................................................57
WITH OUTBOARD MOTOR REMOVED
FROM BOAT ........................................................57

Warranty Statements ......................................................74

88
PANTONE 288CVC DIC F101 Black

BF2.3D

K2 Includes US and Canadian Models


31ZW6633
00X31-ZW6-6330 N
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