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UDK 93/99 ISSN 0583-4961

INSTITUT ZA NACIONALNA ISTORIJA

GLASNIK

GLASNIK god. 57 br. 1-2 str. 1-178 Skopje 2013


. 57 . 1-2 . 1-178 2013

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BULLETIN 57-th year No. 1-2 pp. 1-178 Skopje 2013


INSTITUTE OF NATIONAL HISTORY SKOPJE

Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dragi Gjorgiev Ph.D., Director of the INI


Editor-in-Chief for this Edition: Prof. Vera Gosheva Ph.D.
Editorial Board: Prof. Marjan Dimitrijevski Ph.D., Prof. Marija Pandevska Ph.D.,
Prof. Biljana Ristovska-Josifovska Ph.D., Prof. Irena Stefoska Ph.D.,
Prof. Ahmet Sherif Ph.D., Prof. Larisa Vaknina (Ukraine), Ph.D.,
Prof. Husnija Kamberovich Ph.D. (Bosnia and Herzegovina),
Prof. Marija Proskurnina Ph.D. (Russia), Prof. Irena Stawowy-Kawka Ph.D. (Poland),
Prof. Filip Shashko Ph.D. (USA)
Secretary: Katerina Mladenovska-Ristovska Ph.D.
Proofreading and technical editing: Vesna Stojchevska
Manuscripts in two copies to be sent to: Institute of National History
(Editorial Board of Glasnik), Str. Grigor Prlichev 3, P.O.Box 591, 1000 Skopje,
Republic of Macedonia
Printed twice a year
Publishing supported by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Macedonia
Typesetting and layout: Institute of National History
Printing: Vinsent Grafika Skopje
Printed copies: 200
UDK 93/99 ISSN 0583-4961

GLASNIK

. 57 . 1-2 178
. 1-178 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS

ARTICLES

: ................. 7
Vojislav Sarakinski: The Macedonian Tribes in Persian Encirclement ....................... 7
:

........................................................................................................ 27
Aneta Shukarova: Methodological Analysis of Rhetorical Actes
Semiological Interpretation of the Historical References to Ancient
Macedonia .......................................................................................................... 27
, :
................................................................... 39
Trajche Nacev, Dragan Veselinov: Late Antique Civilian Fortification along
the Valley of the River Bregalnitza ..................................................................... 39
:
X .......................................................................... 49
Dragan Gjalevski: Church Officials in Byzantine Diplomacy in the 10th
Century Balkans.................................................................................................. 49
:
............................................................................................ 61
Vladimir Janev: The movement of Shabbatai Zvi and its influence to
the Jews in Europe .............................................................................................. 61
:
(1889 1892) ................................................................................. 73
Makedonka Mitrova: Vladimir Karic appointed consul in Ottoman
Macedonia (1889 1892) ................................................................................... 73
:
............................................................................................................ 81
Vancho Gjorgjiev: The issue of amnesty for the leaders of the Ilinden
Uprising .............................................................................................................. 81

3
:

................................................................................................................... 95
Todor Chepreganov The Jews from Thessaloniki in the British Diplomatic
Correspondance in the Aftermath of World War One .......................................... 95
:
................................................................................................... 109
Lidija Gjurkova: The conditions of handicraft between the two world wars
in Skopje ........................................................................................................... 109
:
(1941 1949) ............................. 121
Katerina Mirchevska: Macedonian Women in the Movement for National
Liberation in the Aegean part of Macedonia (1941 1949) ............................ 121
:
(1956 1967) ................ 133
Sasho Dodevski: The Participation of Macedonia in the UN Peacekeeping
Mission in Egypt 1956 1967........................................................................... 133
: a ... 155
Atanas Atanasoski: Ornaments composed by branches and tendrils ...................... 155

- REVIES-BOOK REVIEWS

, : ,
. : , 2013, 90. ( ) .... 167
Akira Iriye, Global and Transnational History: the Past, the Present and
the Future. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, 90. (Darko Stojanov) ... 167
, 1944 :
. : , 2010, 375.
( ) ............................................................................................. 170
Tchavdar Marinov, La questionmacdonienne de 1944 nos jours.
Communisme et nationalisme dans les Balkans. Paris: LHarmattan,
2010, 375. (Petar Todorov) .............................................................................. 170

announcements


(Trk Tarih Kurumu) ( ) .................... 175

4
Annoucement for the Acceptance of Honorary and Corresponding
Members of the Turkish Academy for Historical Sciences (Ahmet Sherif) ..... 175
2013 (, 1-4.7.2013)
( ) ............................................................................................ 177
International Medieval Congress 2013 (Leeds, 1-4.7.2013) (Darko Stojanov) .... 177

5
57 1-2 2013 7-26 ISSN 0583-4961

94(381)
94(355)

Abstract

The body of preserved data on the first Persian incursion on the northern coast of the
Aegean is rather small. A dissection of the information preserved in Herodotus, combined
with a detailed analysis of the features of local geography, show that, in all probability,
Persia managed to establish control over the majority of the Thraco-Macedonian coast.
However, there is little indication that the Persians attempted to administer this territory at
such an early date. At the time, a major benefit for the Persians was establishing control
over the road network leading to the west a fact which indicates that Persian ventures
were far from over and that this line of communication was of critical importance for
further conquests. Most importantly, the road to the west led the Persians to the immediate
vicinity of the kingdom of the Argeadae.

Keywords: Persia, Macedon, Macedonian tribes, Northern Aegean, Argeadae


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1
, Bury (A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great,
McMillan & Co., London, 1912, 239) Bury & Meiggs (A History of Greece,
fourth edition with revisions, Palgrave, London, 1978, 152)
; Burn, Persia and the Greeks, second edition
with a postscript by D. M. Lewis, Stanford University Press, 1984,
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Dandamaev, A Political History of the Achaemenid Empire, translated by W. J.


Wogelsang, Brill, 1989, 150; Errington, A History of Macedonia, University of California
Press, 1990, 9, , -
. Hodlofsky, Macedonian Relations with Athens
to 413 B.C., Thesis, The Pennsilvania State University, 1979,
, , a Briant, Histoire de lEmpire Perse, Paris,
Fayard, 1996, 156-7,
. Cawkwell, The Greek Wars: The Failure of Persia, Oxford University
Press, 2005, ,
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N. G. L. Hammond & G. T. Griffith, A History of Macedonia, volume II, 550-336
B.C., Oxford, 1979, 57-59.

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A. Fol & N. G. L. Hammond, Macedonian Hegemony Created, in The Cambridge
Ancient History vol. IV, Persia, Greece and the western Mediterranean c. 525 to 479
B.C., Cambridge University Press, 1988, pp. 235 sqq.
10
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; cf. . 5. Demand, Hero-
dotus and Metoikesis in the Persian Wars, The American Journal of Philology
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ford University Press, 1989, ad loc.
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G. L. & Moon, W. G. (eds.), Ancient greek art and iconography, 1983, 246 (non vidi).
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tigation Conducted by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research
Foundation, Oxford University Press 2004, 802.
23
, (1979: 77)
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Kraay, 1976: 139 sqq., ,
470 . .. -
VI ..;
contra Taeva, On the Problems of the Coinages of Alexander I Sparadokos and the So-
Called Thracian-Macedonian Tribes, Historia 41.1/1992, pp. 58-74,
.
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26

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Borza, Some Toponym Problems in Eastern Macedonia, The Ancient History Bulletin
3.3-4/1989, pp. 60-67; cf. Hammond, A History of Macedonia, volume I, Historical
Geography and Prehistory, Oxford, 1972, 193 sqq., How & Wells, A Commen-
tary..., ad 5.16. , cf. Hatzopoulos & Loukopoulou, Recherches sur les marches orienta-
les des Temenides (Anthemonte Kalindoia), Ire partie, Meletemata 11, Athnes Paris:
De Boccard, 1992, 19,

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28
e Irwin,
Whats in a name? and exploring the comparable: onomastics, ethnography, and kratos
in Thrace (5.12 and 310), in Irwin & Greenwood (eds.), Reading Herodotus, A Study
of the Logoi in Book V of Herodotus Histories. Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp.
41-88; Irwin & Greenwood, Introduction: Reading Herodotus, Reading Book 5, in Irwin
& Greenwood (eds.), Reading Herodotus, A Study of the Logoi in Book V of Herodotus
Histories. Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 1-40, Osborne, The Paeonians (5.11-
16), in Irwin & Greenwood (eds.), Reading Herodotus, A Study of the Logoi in Book V of
Herodotus Histories. Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 88-97. ,
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31
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32
Hdt. 5.11.
33
Cf., , Osborne, The Paeonians..., 89: in a familiar
enough Herodotean technique, a new section begins with the name, no the article, of the
prime protagonist; Nenci, Erodoto. La rivolta della Ionia. V Libro delle Storie.
Milan, 1994, tipica formula di transizione.

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Redfield, Herodotus the Tourist, Classical Philology
80.2/1985, 98-99, q.v. Diaita , -
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(Hdt.
1.60, ). ,

-
. Greenwood,
Bridging the narrative (5.23-7), in Irwin & Greenwood (eds.), Reading Herodotus, A
Study of the Logoi in Book V of Herodotus Histories. Cambridge University Press, 2007,
131 sqq.

23
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. Grundy, The Great Persian War and Its Pre-
liminaries; a Study of the Evidence, Literary and Topographical. John Murray, London,
1901, 69, e
;
Blamire
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, Mare Nostrum.

26
57 1-2 2013 27-37 ISSN 0583-4961

94(381):808.5

Abstract

A major asset in historical research are those literary works created cum ira et studio-
works which directly reveal the truth in flagrante (in fire and passion). Such works repre-
sent the Hellenic rhetoric which, with its vivid oratorical public form and, above all, with
its acute function as political speech, fully reflects the heated political practices of the time.
Understandably, speeches, as being marked, always mediate between the marker and the
one to whom messages are sent. Because of their temporal distance and polysemy, the spee-
ches of the researched rhetors mediate not only the actual milieu of that time-the Athenian
demos, the Hellenic genus, etc., -but also interact with every new researcher of those
circumstances and times, who in that moment becomes a new collaborator, even a new
critical accuser. The textual, contextual and out-textual messages have been sent through
many space and time codes, so that they continually correspond with a new auditorium. In
this sense, this discourse, too, has the courage and intention of sending new messages and
confirming the meaning of rhetoric as history in process, history in growing, with all the
reflections of thought and will, according to the many consequences upon historical
practice.

Keywords: Hellenic rhetoric, rhetors, political speech, discourse, Demosthenes, Iso-


crates, Aeschines, city-states, Macedonian basilea, Philip, Macedonian basileos, Mace-
donians, domestic, foreign, other, different, otherness, hostile, semiotic references,
rhetorical references, in flagrante...

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35
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37
57 1-2 2013 39-47 ISSN 0583-4961

904(497.7)"652"
904:711.4(497.7)"652"

Abstract

After overcoming the social, economic and spiritual crisis of the Roman Empire in the
middle of the 3rd century, began stabilization. Also was covered and valley of Bregalnica
river as part of the eastern half of Roman Empire. Special attention was dedicated to the
security and defence of populated areas. In the Late Antique period, new fortification
elements were built and rebuilt along the valley of the River Bregalnica to enable greater
security, protection and defence from enemy attacks. This process of defence and
protection thus led to the construction of fortifications with civilian and military functions.
Civilian fortifications along the valley of Bregalnica were essentially of great defensive-
protective importance, primarily because of the presence within them of civilians and
material and spiritual treasures.

Keywords: Late Antiquity, Bregalnica, civil fortifications, protection, defence


,
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47
57 1-2 2013 49-59 ISSN 0583-4961

27(495.02)"09"
341.76(497.02)"09"

Abstract

Christianity played a very important role in shaping the Byzantine Empire and its
civilization. It was deeply incorporated in all areas of Byzantine society and had a great
impact not only on the imperial ideology and economy but also on diplomatic relations with
neighbouring peoples. Because of this, the church became an instrument by which the state
maintained or renewed its imperial hegemony, thus turning the priests into agents for the
state, serving the basileus in Constantinople. Although they were often involved in the
foreign affairs of the imperial government through religious missions, this was not the only
duty assigned to them by the state. Sources indicate that church officials were involved in
broader political and diplomatic activity in the Balkans in the 10th century, including
serving as ambassadors of the Byzantine ruler. This is also proof that Byzantine diplomacy
did not always act spontaneously by enacting adhoc decisions but probably carried out its
activities at least occasionally following prior consultation within an informal advisory
body. It further implies that the people who were actively involved in the foreign affairs of
the Byzantine Empire, at least during the 10th century, had a certain level of knowledge and
skills and a capacity for strategic thinking, which of course was rudimentary seen from
todays point of view. The involvement of priests in solely diplomatic missions with clear
political objectives, where their education and oratorical skills would be used to the utmost,
and their complete exclusion from missions of a military character, is yet another example
of how Byzantine diplomacy was implemented in the field, as well as a clear indication that
some basic principles and methods did exist and were upheld by the imperial government
during this process.

Keywords: Byzantine Empire, Church officials, Episcope, Monks, Byzantine diplo-


macy, Envoy, Balkans, Tenth Century

-
.

49

57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013



.12

-
.
X . ,

- -



I (324337),

I -
(969-
.
976). 13






,
- , -

X
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,
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the
Shepard, Bulgaria:
other Balkan
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c.1024, (ed. Timothy
Reuter), .
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Late Twelfth Century,
The University
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: Jonathan
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, Elites
and
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in
the ,
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X . ,
-
I (969-
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-
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Shepard, Bulgaria: the other Balkan empire, The New Cambridge Medieval History Vol.
III c.900 c.1024, (ed. Timothy Reuter), Cambridge University Press, 1999, 574-576.;
Treadgold, History of the Byzantine state, 471-479.; John V. A. Fine Jr, Early Medieval
Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, The University of
Michigan Press, 1983, 142-157. : Jonathan Shepard, Simeon of
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Europe, (ed. Jonathan Shepard), Ashgate Variuorum, 2011.
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-
. .
969 .
II .
-
969 976 ., -
. ,
, , 1997, 68-70. , ,
, , 1969, 20, . ;
, I, (. ), , 2000, 360,
969 . 971 .
. Warren Treadgold, History..., 510,
,
, I, 1, , 2002, 633-640, ,
, 309-317,

971 . I , .
Jonathan Shepard, Equilibrium to expansion..., 526-527.; Florin
Curta, Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages 5001200, Cambridge University Press,
2006, 241, Paul Stephenson, Byzantium's Balkan Frontier: a political study of the
northern Balkans, 900-1204, Cambridge University Press, 2000, 58,
, ..., 286, 976 .

. Mark Whittow, The Making of Byzantium 6001025, University of California
Press, 1996, 296, I 971 .
.

.

54


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VII :
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Patriarcha,
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,
.), , 1961,
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297.
Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae, Bonnae, 1829, 638.3.; Nicolas Oikonomides, Les
16
Listes De
Prsance Byzantines des,
IX et XI Sicles,
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, to

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Byzantium, (ed. Cyril Mango), Oxford University Press,2002,
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.
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: Jonathan

Shepard,
Equilibrium
to expansion
(8861025),
The Cambridge history of the ...
Byzantine
21
(ed.
Empire,
Jonathan Cambridge
Shepard), University
Press,
.2008, 505-506.; Jonathan

Shepard,
Bulgaria: the other Balkan
empire,
The New Cambridge
Medieval History-
Vol.
c.900
III (ed.
c.1024,
Timothy
Reuter), Cambridge University
Press,
1999, 574-576.;
Treadgold,
History of
the Byzantine state,
471-479.; John V. A. Fine
Jr, Early Medieval
,
Balkans:
ACritical
Survey from the
X . Sixth to the Late
Twelfth Century, The University
of
-
Michigan Press, 1983, 142-157. : Jonathan
, Shepard, Simeon of
Bulgaria Peacemaker, Emergent Elites and Byzantium in the Balkans and East-Central
, -
Europe, (ed. Jonathan Shepard), Ashgate Variuorum, 2011.
13 . , ,
22 -

.
. ,

,
,
969 .

II

,
.
,


-
969 976 ., -
1973, X.18.
:
John A Synopsis
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20
Ioannis Scylitzae...,
, XV.18.
, 1969,:
20, . John Skylitzes,
; Synopsis...,
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21
, I,
(.
:2000,
), ,
360, -


969 .
o,
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971 .(

. ), , 1864, XXII, 175.


. Warren Treadgold, History..., 510,
22
,

,
. -

: ,
, I, 1, , 2002, 633-640, , ...,
333-340.

,
309-317,








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971 .

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1204, (ed.
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Dimitri . ,
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word:
Byzantine 300 .
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Lemerle, Le(ed.
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59
57 1-2 2013 61-71 ISSN 0583-4961

94:26(=411.16:100)"14/19"

Abstract

The exposure of the Jewish element to constant persecutions by the authorities created
a movement that ideologically opposed attempts at assimilation and the disappearance of
Judaism. It actually represented a new form of Messianism adapted to the political situation
in that period. After the mass exile of the Jews in 1492 from Spain, Portugal and other
European countries, the disappointed population required an explanation of its own position
in mysticism. It was then that Jews began to preach that the Messiah would soon come to
gather all of them and establish a Jewish kingdom.

Keywords: Jews, Shabbatai Zvi, Nathan of Gaza, Isaac Luria, Judaism, mesianism,
sabbatianism, Kabbalah, islamization, Ottoman Empire

,
,
.1
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1492 .
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61
57 2013 1-2

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.
. (Enciklopedija ivih religija, Beograd, 1990,
450).
8
M. Franco, Essai sur lhistoire des Israelites de lEmpire Ottoman,Paris, 1897, 52-
53; I. S. Emmanuel, Histoire des Israelites de Salonique, Paris, 1936, 279; Nehama, Histoi-
re des Israelites de Salonique, II, Paris, 1935, 161-166; Simon Dubnov, Kratka istorija
jevrejskog naroda, Beograd, 1962, 164-168.
3

63
57 2013 1-2


.9

(1534 1572). ,10 -
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(1542 1620) (1598 1678).
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(1565 1630), ,
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9
Nehama, Histoire des Israelites de Salonique, III, Paris, 1936, 6-22.
10
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XII , XVI
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. (Enciklopedija ivih religija, 356-357).
11
Simon Dubnov, Kratka istorija jevrejskog naroda, 164-165; Gerom olem, Ka-bala
i njena simbolika, Beograd, 1981, 122.
12
Encyclopedia Judaica, Jerusalem, 1971, VIII, 990-994.

64

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(1595 1670),
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13
Encyclopedia Judaica, II, 951.
14
, , II, , 1983, 399.
15
Abdurrahman Kk, Dnmeler (Sabatayistler) tarihi, Ankara, 2003, 211.
16
( , )
, . ,

. ( 450 ),
( 500 ). ,
. (Enciklopedija ivih religija, 704-
705).
17
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1285 .
1300 , . (Enciklopedija ivih reli-
gija, 806).
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65
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.18 ,
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Nehama, Histoire des Israelites..., V, 120-121; Cecil Roth, The Standard Jewish
Encyclopedia, Jerusalem Tel Aviv, 1958, p. 1965; Encyclopedia Judaica, XIV, 1223-
1228.
24
Nehama, Histoire des Israelites..., V, 131-140.
7

67
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Encyclopedia Judaica, XIV, 1228-1231.
26
Nehama, Histoire des Israelites..., V, 133; , ,
64-65.
27
, , , 2008, 43.
28
( ) -
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-
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29
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30
Gershom Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, the mystical Messiah, London and Princeton, N.
J., 1973, 796-797.

68

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Gershom Scholem, Major trends in Jewish mysticism, London, 1955, 312-315.
32
, , 44.
33
Bogumil Hrabak, Jevreji u Albaniji od kraja XIII do kraja XVII veka i njihove veze
sa Dubrovnikom, Zbornik Jevrejski istorijski muzej, Beograd, 1971, 94; Abdurrahman
Kk, Dnmeler (Sabatayistler) tarihi, 315.
9

69
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34
Dubnov, Kratka istorija jevrejskog naroda, 170.
35
, , 66.
36
, , , , 2004, 262-263.
37
Mira Elijade, Istorija verovanja i religijskih ideja, tom III, Beograd, 1991, 153.
38
(: ) ,
XVIII .
(1700 1760) ,
.
, ,
, -
. (Enciklopedija ivih religija, 232-233).
39
Gershom Scholem, The crypto Jewish sect of the Donmeh, Scholem, The

70

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messianic idea in Judaism and other essays on Jewish spirituality, New York, 1971, 147-
166.
40
, , 46.
41
, 45.
42
Gershom Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi, the mystical Messiah, 748.
43
Gershom Scholem, Major trends in Jewish mysticism, 300-304.
44
, , 45.
11

71
57 1-2 2013 73-80 ISSN 0583-4961

341.81(497.11:497.711) "1889/1892"
32:929 ,
32.019.5(497.11:497.7) "1889/1892"


(1889 1892)

Abstract

Vladimir Karic spent only a short time in Serbias diplomatic service. However, through
his work as a consul in Skopje (18821892) he left an indelible mark. He was a prominent
Serbian professional consul of his time and was engaged in important national-political
tasks of the Kingdom of Serbia. These tasks were difficult because the Serbian state did not
have a separate Serbian millet recognized by the Empire. He was engaged in political pro-
paganda work in Ottoman Macedonia, concerned with the opening and functioning of Ser-
bian schools.

Keywords: Vladimir Karic, consul in Skopje, Ottoman Macedonia

80- 19 , -
-
, .. .1

, 1886 -
, 1887

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(1887),

1
- 1885 ,

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73
57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

(1889). 1889
(1889). 1889


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5
77

57
57 1-2
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57
57 1-2
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2013

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XLIV, 273-279. , 168.
82
80
57 1-2 2013 81-93 ISSN 0583-4961

343.293:323.272-05(497.7)"1903"

Abstract

The Mrzsteg reforms were an attempt to pacify and relieve the situation in Mace-
donia after the Ilinden Uprising. Amongst other things, these reforms tackled the issue of
amnesty for the political perpetrators. More specifically, the issue of amnesty for those who
had escaped or who had been detained and convicted in connection with the unrest in Ma-
cedonia in 1903 was regulated by the Turkish-Bulgarian agreement of April 1904. When
the diplomatic representatives, the Ottoman authorities, as well as the international man-
datories in the reform process, proclaimed amnesty for this category of people, they also
tackled the issue of extending the amnesty to the chieftains who were then acting as illegal
leaders of the Macedonian revolutionary movement. However, the prescribed procedures
for legalizing the illegal leaders were extremely vague and complicated, while the lack of
proper coordination between the central and local authorities did not allow implementation
of the offered opportunity. The vast majority of the revolutionary movement leaders were
dissatisfied by the Mrzsteg reforms and chose to continue the armed struggle. Thus they
did not show willingness to accept the amnesty. On the other hand, the authorities refused
to grant amnesty to those who expressed such a desire. Hence the surrender of illegal acti-
vists happened only incidentally and was more common among the lower-ranked insur-
gents. Thus, the issue of extending the amnesty to the illegal leaders and chieftains of the
Macedonian revolutionary movement ended in a complete fiasco.

Keywords: Ottoman Empire, Macedonia, Ilinden Uprising, Reforms, Amnesty,


Illegal chieftains of SMORO

, -
-
.
-
,
. , -

81
57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013



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57 1-2 2013
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91
57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

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11
13

93
94
57 1-2 2013 95-108 ISSN 0583-4961

94(=134.28:495.622) "1913/1919"

A
O

Abstract

The Jewish quarters in Thessaloniki were under fire in 1917. The fire destroyed many
houses, synagogues, libraries, offices and buildings that belonged to the Jews. This article,
based on analysis of two British documents, deals with the British view of the events
related to the fire, the consequences of it for the Jews, and the reaction of the Greek state.

Keywords: Jews, Jewish organizations, Fire, The First World War, Macedonia,
Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Venizelos


1913 , ,
, . , -
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95

57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013


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14301950,
14301950,
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2008, 260-261.
2
2 Op, cit., 261.
3 Op, cit., 261.
3 , Op, cit., 271.
, Op, cit., 271.

96
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97

57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013


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1
7 , , . , 14301950,
PRO
-, FO 608/44
2008, R 6335.
260-261.
8
2 Ibidem.
9 Op, cit., 261.
3 Ibid.
, Op, cit., 271.

98
...

340 . -
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11
Ibid.
12
Ibid.
13
Ibid.
14
1919 .
15
Ibid.

99
57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

-
. 16
.
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,
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PRO FO 608/44 R 10408
17
1 Ibidem.
18 ,, . , 14301950,

-, 2008, 260-261.

2 : , ,
Op, cit., 261.

3 .
, Op, cit., 271.

100
...

, 15 16
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.22

19
Ibid.
20
Ibid.
21
Ibid.
22
Ibid.

101

57
57 1-2
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2013



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23Op, cit., 261.
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, Op, cit., 271.

102
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103
57 1-2 2013

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57 1-2 2013

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57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013


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108
57 1-2 2013 109-119 ISSN 0583-4961

94:68(497.711)"1918/45"

Abstract

Up until 1918, handicrafts represented an important economic activity in Skopje. After


World War I, the changing economic structure of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slove-
nes/Yugoslavia brought serious changes to handicrafts, leading to a strong downward trend
in this period. The old crafts suffered the greatest decline. The Chamber of Crafts in Skopje
was the only body that regulated craft rules and norms. Shortly before World War II, han-
dicrafts were in a difficult position because of the lack of necessary raw materials and se-
condary materials, whose prices increased steadily. Very serious downfalls were felt in the
productive crafts, while the position of service handicrafts was not quite so critical.

Keywords: handicrafts, Skopje between the two World Wars, Chamber of Crafts

XIX ,
. ,
-
. , ,

.
, 1909
: 78, 54, 30, 7, -
59, 18, 14, 25, 37,
7, 30, 25, 30, 10,
6, 15, 26, 20,
12, 20, 16, 28, 10,
118, 47, 44, 73, 13 .1

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, 1996, 43.

109
57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

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57 1-2 2013

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57 2013
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57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

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57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

713 , 1932/33 917 .


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119
57 1-2 2013 121-131 ISSN 0583-4961

323.1-055.2(=163.3:495.6)"1941/49"



(1941 1949)

Abstract

The inclusion of Macedonian women in the national liberation movement of the Mace-
donian people from the Aegean part of Macedonia during the Second World War and the
Civil War in Greece had two objectives achieving gender equality in all spheres of socio-
political and cultural life and the recognition of the national rights of Macedonians in
Greece. Therefore, their involvement in political life occurred through the prism of the left-
wing movement, at first through the Greek organizations of the resistance, then in the
Macedonian institutions active in the struggle during the Second World War, and then in
the period of the Civil War through national Macedonian organizations such as the National
Liberation Front, the National Liberation Youth Union and the Antifascist Organization of
Women. The Antifascist Organization of Women managed to include Macedonian women
in all aspects of the resistance movement and, although only for a short time, succeeded in
realizing both of its main objectives.

Keywords: Macedonian woman, Aegean part of Macedonia, organizations of resistan-


ce, Antifascist organization of Women



, -

()
,

.
-
-
,

121
57 1-2 2013

,
. .. -
, , -
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1941
, -

1
, :
, 1920 ; , -
1908 ,
; , 1919 -
, Margaret Poulos, Arms and the Woman: Just warriors and the Greek Feminist Identity,
Columbia University Press, 2008, 59.
2
, 75.
3
Tasoula Vervenioti, The Adventure of Womens Suffrage in Greece, When the
War was over. Women, War and Peace in Europe 1940-1956, Leicaster University Press,
London, New York 2000, 103-118, 105.
2
122
...

.4 ,


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VII, . 2,
19411949,
, 1987, . . 14, 25-28.
6
,
(19411945), , XLV/2009, . 1-2, 101 116, 108.
7
,
(19411945), , 1991, 141.
8
, - ( 5
), , II/12, 1951, 2.
9
. , . , 141-142.
3
123
57 1-2 2013

, -
--
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M. Poulos, . , 86.
11
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12

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( 1944), ,
5 , M. Poulos, . , 86.
13
, 81.
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4
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16
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18

308.
19
1 ..., VII, . 2,
393-394.
20
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5
125
57 1-2 2013

-

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19441945. -
1941-
1945, I, , 1971, 82, 86.
24
19411945. -

19411945, , 1976, 503.
25
, 825-827.
6
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127
57 1-2 2013

, 4 854 .31
, 220 ,
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, 1946
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1947 ,
IV, , 1980, 165-166.
32
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, , XV/1979, . 1, 109-139, 115.
33
1947.., IV, 180-188.
34
. -.
35
1948.
1948 ,
V, , 1981, 46-47.
36
, 37-38, 41-42.
37
, ,
, XII/1976, . 1-2, 129-140, 136-137.
38
1948..., V, 194-196.
8
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1949, VI,
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9
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11
131
57 1-2 2013 133-154 ISSN 0583-4961

355.357:355.3(=163.3:620) "1956/67"



(1956 1967)1

bstract

During the Suez Crisis of 1956, Yugoslavia and its diplomats actively participated in
the process of resolving the crisis, especially within the United Nations. In this direction,
Yugoslavia decided to participate with military personnel (the Yugoslav Peoples Army) in
the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Egypt in 1956-1967, named the United Nati-
ons Emergency Force. Military personnel of the Yugoslav peoples army were deployed on
the Sinai Peninsula and along the demarcation border between Egypt and Israel to serve as
a buffer zone in order to maintain peace in the region. Within the Yugoslav peace forces
(around 14,000 military personnel), some 1,000 officers, under-officers and privates from
Ma-cedonia served as United Nations peacekeepers during the mission period. After the
dissolution of the former Yugoslavia, some issues regarding its property and legacy were
discussed and considered by its successors former Yugoslav republics, including the Re-
public of Macedonia. In terms of rights of succession and international practice, the Repub-
lic of Macedonia is a fully entitled successor to the former Yugoslavias property and lega-
cy, including the participation of the Yugoslav Peoples Army in United Nations peaceke-
eping missions. Today, the Republic of Macedonia has historical tradition and continuity in
the process of participation in international peacekeeping missions of more than 50 years.

1
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133

57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013

Keywords:
Keywords: Suez
Suez crisis,
crisis, Yugoslav
Yugoslav peoples
peoples army,
army, United
United Nations
Nations first
first peacekeeping
peacekeeping
mission (UNEF), Macedonia, military personnel, legacy and succession
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135

57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013

,
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crisis, Yugoslav army,
peoples ,
United
Nations first -
peacekeeping
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mission (UNEF), Macedonia, military personnel, legacy and succession -
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Jugoslovenska revija za meunarodno pravo (Dokumentacija), br. 3/1956, str. 540.
21
(UNEF I United Nations Emergency Force).

137

57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013

Keywords:
:
Suez crisis,
Yugoslav peoples
army, United Nations -
first peacekeeping
,
mission (UNEF), Macedonia, military personnel, legacy and succession ,
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57
57 1-2
1-2 2013
2013

Keywords:Suez 572 crisis,


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peoples
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57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

,
Keywords: Suez crisis, Yugoslav peoples army, United Nations first peacekeeping
. military
mission (UNEF), Macedonia,
personnel, legacy and ,
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57 1-2
1-2 2013
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57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

-
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( ) :
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legacy
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57
57 1-2
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Keywords: Suez,
crisis,
Yugoslav peoples army, Nations
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57 1-2 2013
57 1-2 2013

Suez
Keywords:
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Keywords:
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57 1-2 2013

Keywords: Suez crisis, Yugoslav peoples army, United Nations first peacekeeping
mission (UNEF), Macedonia, military personnel, legacy and succession

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57 1-2 2013 155-166 ISSN 0583-4961

7.048:726.54(497.774/777) "11/16"

Abstract:

The attached material in this paper, ornaments, is the basis for scientific interpretation
and fully corresponds with research in the field of ornamental motives in fresco painting of
the monuments in Prespa-Pelagonia Eparchies from the end of 12rd to 17rd century. Using
the comparative analysis in art impact we made the description and typological classi-
fication on all characteristic motives composed by branches and grapes in the territory in
one of the oldest and widespread Eparchy in the Ohrid Archdiocese.

Keywords: Ornaments, branches, vine tendrils, frescoes, Pelagonia Eparchy

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THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE
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Military Men (part I): Military Men - Soldiers and Warriors,
Military Men (part I): Military Men - Soldiers and Warriors, Pleasure Pleasure and and
Interactions
Interactions in
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GLASNIK 57 1-2 2013