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# MATH23X

EXIT EXAMINATION
2nd Quarter SY 20122013

DIRECTIONS: Solve each problem and choose the best answer from the choices given.
Detailed solution should be shown and all final answers should be encircled. Write out
your solution as shown below:

Sample Item:

1. What is the x-intercept of the line passing through A(1,4) and B(4,1)?
a. 4
b. 4.5
c. 5
d. 6

1. C
Solution:
A (1, 4) x 1 = 1 y1 = 4
B(4, 1) x 2 = 4 y 2 = 1

## using two point form :

y - y1 y 2 - y1

x - x1 x 2 - x1
y - y1 y 2 - y1 x - x1
x 2 - x1
y - 4 1- 4 x -1
4 -1
y - 4 x -1
x y 5

x5

## EXAMINATION STARTS HERE!

x3
1. If ln x = 3 and ln y = 4, evaluate ln 4 .
y
x3
ln 4 = 3lnx 4ln y = 3(3) 4(4) = -17
y

A. 1.8750 B. 8 C. 0.5625 D. -7

## 2. If 4x3 + 18x2 + 8x 4 is divided by 2x + 3, compute the remainder.

R(-3/2) = 4(-3/2) + 18(-3/2) + 8(-3/2) -4
= 11

A. 11 B. 9 C. -8 D. 10

3. A man is 41 years old and his son is 9. In how many years will the father be three times as old as his
son?
4. 3 (9 + x) = 41 + x
27 + 3x = 41 + x
x=7
A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8
5. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression, the value of x equals
6. 2x + 3 (x + 2) = 5x 6 (2x + 3)
x=5
A.1 B. -1 C.5 D. 0

5. The sum of two numbers is 40 and their difference is 16. Find the smaller number.

1. x + y = 40 (1)
x y = 16 (2)
x = 28

y = 12

A. 10 B. 12 C. 21 D. 3

6. What is the length of the arc intercepted by a central angle 95 in a circle whose radius is 12m?

s=r

S = (12) ( 950.) = 19.89m
180 o

## sinx cos x + sin 2x = 1

0.5 sin2x + sin 2x = 1
sin 2x = 2/3
x = 20.90

x = 159. 10

## A. 32.2o, 69.3o B. -20.67o, 69.3o C. 20.90o, 69.1o D. -32.2o, 69.3o

8. If arc tan x + arc tan 1/3 = /4, find the value of x.

tan-1x + tan-1(1/3) = /4
apply tangent to both sides

## let A = tan-1x and B = tan-1(1/3)

tan(A + B) = 1

tan A tan B
1
1 tan A tan B

x + 1/3 = 1 (x)(1/3)

x = 0.5

A. B. 1/3 C. D. 1/5

9. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 34 cm. Find the length of the two legs, if one leg is 14 cm longer
than the other.

(x + 14)2 + x2 = 342

X = 16 and 30

## 10. What is the period of the wave y = 3 sin (2x )?

P = 2/b = 2/2

A. B. /2 C. /3 D. 2

11. Determine the equation of the line a unit distance from 4x - 3y + 4=0.
Let ( 0, 4/3) be a point on the given line.

4(0) (3)( 4 / 3) C
1
(4) 2 (3) 2

C = -1
-4x + 3y +1 = 0
A. 4x + 3y - 1=0 C. -4x + 3y + 1=0
B. B.4x + 3y + 9=0 D. 4x - 3y + 1=0

12. A circular piece of cardboard with a diameter of 1 m will be made into a conical hat 40 cm high by
cutting a sector off and joining the edges to form a cone. Determine the angle subtended by the sector
removed.
let C = circumference of the circular cardboard
B = circumference of the base of the cone
S = length of the arc/sector that must be cut on the cardboard to form a cone
r = 50 cm = radius of the card board
h = 40 cm = height of the cone
x = radius of the base of the cone
x r 2 h2
x 30 cm

S C-B
S 2r 2x
S 40 cm
S r

40 50
40 180 o

50
144 o

## A. 144 B. 148 C. 152 D. 154

13. Find the volume of a cone to be constructed from a sector having a diameter of 72 cm and a central
angle of 210o.

## C = circumference of the circle from where the sector is cut

B = circumference of the base of the cone

S C-B
r 2r 2x
2x r 2
x 15 cm

h r2 x2
h 32 .726 cm

1 2
V x h
3
V 7710 .88 cm3

## A. 5534.32 cm3 B. 6625.44 cm3 C. 7710.82 cm3 D. 8869.61 cm3

14. If the edge of the cube is increased by 30%, by how much is the surface area is increased?
Solution:
let x1 = initial edge of the cube
x2 = final edge of the cube
A1 = initial surface area of the cube
A2 = final surface area of the cube

x 2 1 .3 x 1
A1 6 x1
2

A2 6 x2
2

## By ratio and proportion :

2
A2 x2

A 1 x 1
A2
1.69
A1
A 2 1.69 A 1
The increase is 69 %

## A. 30% B. 33% C. 60% D. 69%

3
15. Give the slope of the curve = 4
2 + 1 at point (1,1)

Solution:
3
= 2 + 1
4

since slope is =

1
= (3) 2 2
4
when x = 1
1
= (3)(1)2 2
4
5
=
4

a2 = 16 b2 = 9

e = 5/4 = 1.25 C

## A. 0.6 B.0.8 C. 1.25 D. 5/3

17. What is the equation of the normal to the curve 2 + 2 = 25 at point (4,3)?

Solution:
2 + 2 = 25
getting the derivative of the whole equation with respect to x:
2 + 2 = 0

=

4
=
3
since normal, n, is the negative inverse of slope:
3
=
4
using the point slope equation for the normal equation:
( 1 ) = ( 1 )
3
( 3) = ( 4)
4
3 4 = 0

## A. 5x+3y=0 B. 3x-4y=0 C. 3x+4y=0 D. 5x-3y=0

18. A fence has a total length of 20 ft. What is the maximum rectangular area that can be fenced in using
two perpendicular corner sides of an existing wall?
Solution:
let P = perimeter of the fence
A = area of the rectangular fence

= 2 + 2
but since two perpendicular corner sides of an existing wall will be used:
20 . = +
= 20

=
= ( 20)
= 2 20
= 2 20

for maxima, A = 0
= 10
= 10

= (10)(10) = 100 2

## 19 Evaluate lim ( )/( + )

A. 1/3 B. 0 C. 1 D. 2/3
20. Evaluate lim ( )/( + )

A. 0 B. -1 C. 1 D.

## 21. Differentiate 3 / ln( + 1)

3
ln( + 1) ( ) 3 ln( + 1)
()
=
[ln( + 1)]2

1
ln( + 1) (3 2 ) 3 [ ln( + 1)]
( + 1)
() =
[ln( + 1)]2

3 2 ln( + 1) 3 /( + 1)
() =
2 ( + 1)

A. ( +)
C. 2 ( +1)2

## 3 2 ln( +1) 3 /( +1) 3 2 ln( +1) 3 ( +1)

B. ln ( +1)
D. 2 ( +1)
22. When the depth of a liquid in a specific bowl is h in., the volume of liquid in the bowl is h3 in3. When h =
3 in., the depth of liquid in the bowl is increasing at a rate of 2 in./min. Find the rate at which the liquid
is entering the bowl at that time.

=2

= 3

= 32

When h = 3,

= 3 (32 ) 2

A. 23 B. 54 C. 27 D. 12

1 1 1
23. Calculate ( 3 + 2 + )

1 1 1
( 3 + 2 + ) = ( 3 + 2 + 1 )

1 1
= 22 + ln || +

1 1
A. + || + C. 2 2
+ + ln || +
1 1 1
B. 2 2 2 + 2 ln || + D. 2 2 + ln || +

4 2 +1
24. Evaluate 1

4
2 1
= ( + )
1
4
= ( 3/2 + 1/2 )
1

2 5/2 4
= 5
+ 2 1/2 |
1

= 14.4
A. 18 B. 16.2 C. 14.4 D. 12

25. Evaluate (1+ )

Let = 1 + , =

From = ln|| +

= | + | +
(1 + )