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# MATH23X

EXIT EXAMINATION
2nd Quarter SY 20122013

DIRECTIONS: Solve each problem and choose the best answer from the choices given.
Detailed solution should be shown and all final answers should be encircled. Write out

Sample Item:

1. What is the x-intercept of the line passing through A(1,4) and B(4,1)?
a. 4
b. 4.5
c. 5
d. 6

1. C
Solution:
A (1, 4) x 1 = 1 y1 = 4
B(4, 1) x 2 = 4 y 2 = 1

## using two point form :

y - y1 y 2 - y1

x - x1 x 2 - x1
y - y1 y 2 - y1 x - x1
x 2 - x1
y - 4 1- 4 x -1
4 -1
y - 4 x -1
x y 5

x5

## EXAMINATION STARTS HERE!

x3
1. If ln x = 3 and ln y = 4, evaluate ln 4 .
y
x3
ln 4 = 3lnx 4ln y = 3(3) 4(4) = -17
y

A. 1.8750 B. 8 C. 0.5625 D. -7

## 2. If 4x3 + 18x2 + 8x 4 is divided by 2x + 3, compute the remainder.

R(-3/2) = 4(-3/2) + 18(-3/2) + 8(-3/2) -4
= 11

A. 11 B. 9 C. -8 D. 10

3. A man is 41 years old and his son is 9. In how many years will the father be three times as old as his
son?
4. 3 (9 + x) = 41 + x
27 + 3x = 41 + x
x=7
A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 8
5. If (x + 2), (2x + 3), (5x 6) are consecutive terms of an arithmetic progression, the value of x equals
6. 2x + 3 (x + 2) = 5x 6 (2x + 3)
x=5
A.1 B. -1 C.5 D. 0

5. The sum of two numbers is 40 and their difference is 16. Find the smaller number.

1. x + y = 40 (1)
x y = 16 (2)
x = 28

y = 12

A. 10 B. 12 C. 21 D. 3

6. What is the length of the arc intercepted by a central angle 95 in a circle whose radius is 12m?

s=r

S = (12) ( 950.) = 19.89m
180 o

## sinx cos x + sin 2x = 1

0.5 sin2x + sin 2x = 1
sin 2x = 2/3
x = 20.90

x = 159. 10

## A. 32.2o, 69.3o B. -20.67o, 69.3o C. 20.90o, 69.1o D. -32.2o, 69.3o

8. If arc tan x + arc tan 1/3 = /4, find the value of x.

tan-1x + tan-1(1/3) = /4
apply tangent to both sides

## let A = tan-1x and B = tan-1(1/3)

tan(A + B) = 1

tan A tan B
1
1 tan A tan B

x + 1/3 = 1 (x)(1/3)

x = 0.5

A. B. 1/3 C. D. 1/5

9. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 34 cm. Find the length of the two legs, if one leg is 14 cm longer
than the other.

(x + 14)2 + x2 = 342

X = 16 and 30

## 10. What is the period of the wave y = 3 sin (2x )?

P = 2/b = 2/2

A. B. /2 C. /3 D. 2

11. Determine the equation of the line a unit distance from 4x - 3y + 4=0.
Let ( 0, 4/3) be a point on the given line.

4(0) (3)( 4 / 3) C
1
(4) 2 (3) 2

C = -1
-4x + 3y +1 = 0
A. 4x + 3y - 1=0 C. -4x + 3y + 1=0
B. B.4x + 3y + 9=0 D. 4x - 3y + 1=0

12. A circular piece of cardboard with a diameter of 1 m will be made into a conical hat 40 cm high by
cutting a sector off and joining the edges to form a cone. Determine the angle subtended by the sector
removed.
let C = circumference of the circular cardboard
B = circumference of the base of the cone
S = length of the arc/sector that must be cut on the cardboard to form a cone
r = 50 cm = radius of the card board
h = 40 cm = height of the cone
x = radius of the base of the cone
x r 2 h2
x 30 cm

S C-B
S 2r 2x
S 40 cm
S r

40 50
40 180 o

50
144 o

## A. 144 B. 148 C. 152 D. 154

13. Find the volume of a cone to be constructed from a sector having a diameter of 72 cm and a central
angle of 210o.

## C = circumference of the circle from where the sector is cut

B = circumference of the base of the cone

S C-B
r 2r 2x
2x r 2
x 15 cm

h r2 x2
h 32 .726 cm

1 2
V x h
3
V 7710 .88 cm3

## A. 5534.32 cm3 B. 6625.44 cm3 C. 7710.82 cm3 D. 8869.61 cm3

14. If the edge of the cube is increased by 30%, by how much is the surface area is increased?
Solution:
let x1 = initial edge of the cube
x2 = final edge of the cube
A1 = initial surface area of the cube
A2 = final surface area of the cube

x 2 1 .3 x 1
A1 6 x1
2

A2 6 x2
2

## By ratio and proportion :

2
A2 x2

A 1 x 1
A2
1.69
A1
A 2 1.69 A 1
The increase is 69 %

## A. 30% B. 33% C. 60% D. 69%

3
15. Give the slope of the curve = 4
2 + 1 at point (1,1)

Solution:
3
= 2 + 1
4

since slope is =

1
= (3) 2 2
4
when x = 1
1
= (3)(1)2 2
4
5
=
4

a2 = 16 b2 = 9

e = 5/4 = 1.25 C

## A. 0.6 B.0.8 C. 1.25 D. 5/3

17. What is the equation of the normal to the curve 2 + 2 = 25 at point (4,3)?

Solution:
2 + 2 = 25
getting the derivative of the whole equation with respect to x:
2 + 2 = 0

=

4
=
3
since normal, n, is the negative inverse of slope:
3
=
4
using the point slope equation for the normal equation:
( 1 ) = ( 1 )
3
( 3) = ( 4)
4
3 4 = 0

## A. 5x+3y=0 B. 3x-4y=0 C. 3x+4y=0 D. 5x-3y=0

18. A fence has a total length of 20 ft. What is the maximum rectangular area that can be fenced in using
two perpendicular corner sides of an existing wall?
Solution:
let P = perimeter of the fence
A = area of the rectangular fence

= 2 + 2
but since two perpendicular corner sides of an existing wall will be used:
20 . = +
= 20

=
= ( 20)
= 2 20
= 2 20

for maxima, A = 0
= 10
= 10

= (10)(10) = 100 2

## 19 Evaluate lim ( )/( + )

A. 1/3 B. 0 C. 1 D. 2/3
20. Evaluate lim ( )/( + )

A. 0 B. -1 C. 1 D.

## 21. Differentiate 3 / ln( + 1)

3
ln( + 1) ( ) 3 ln( + 1)
()
=
[ln( + 1)]2

1
ln( + 1) (3 2 ) 3 [ ln( + 1)]
( + 1)
() =
[ln( + 1)]2

3 2 ln( + 1) 3 /( + 1)
() =
2 ( + 1)

A. ( +)
C. 2 ( +1)2

## 3 2 ln( +1) 3 /( +1) 3 2 ln( +1) 3 ( +1)

B. ln ( +1)
D. 2 ( +1)
22. When the depth of a liquid in a specific bowl is h in., the volume of liquid in the bowl is h3 in3. When h =
3 in., the depth of liquid in the bowl is increasing at a rate of 2 in./min. Find the rate at which the liquid
is entering the bowl at that time.

=2

= 3

= 32

When h = 3,

= 3 (32 ) 2

A. 23 B. 54 C. 27 D. 12

1 1 1
23. Calculate ( 3 + 2 + )

1 1 1
( 3 + 2 + ) = ( 3 + 2 + 1 )

1 1
= 22 + ln || +

1 1
A. + || + C. 2 2
+ + ln || +
1 1 1
B. 2 2 2 + 2 ln || + D. 2 2 + ln || +

4 2 +1
24. Evaluate 1

4
2 1
= ( + )
1
4
= ( 3/2 + 1/2 )
1

2 5/2 4
= 5
+ 2 1/2 |
1

= 14.4
A. 18 B. 16.2 C. 14.4 D. 12

25. Evaluate (1+ )

Let = 1 + , =

From = ln|| +

= | + | +
(1 + )