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MATH23X Answer Key

(Q3, 2013-2014)
1
The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is seven. When the digits are reversed, the
number is increased by 27. Find the number.
A. 52
B. 25
C. 16
D. 61

2
Which of the given diagram of intervals is being determined by the inequality: | 2| <
> 0?

3
Find the nth terms of the geometric sequence with a5 = 5/4 and a12 = 160.
5
A. = ( ) 2
4
5
B. = ( ) 21
4
5
C. = (64) 2
5
D. = (64) 21

4
Find the value of x + y in the given system:
x 2y z 4
2 x y z 2
x 2y z 2
2
A. 3

5
B. 3

7
C. . 3

10
D. . 3
5
Solve for in the equation 33 32 + 1 = 0 at 0 90.
A. 0, 300
B. 0, 450
C. 300, 450
450, 900

6
Find the length of the chord of a circle of radius 40 cm subtended by a central angle of
1200.
A. 40
B. 403
C. 20
D. 203

7
Find the value of x for 2 ( + 5) + 2 ( + 2) = 2 ( + 6) if x is any real number
greater than -2
A. 3 + 5
B. 3 5
C. 1 + 2
D. 1 2

8
The sides of right triangle ACB are given as BC= 9 and AC=40. Find csc A.

A.


B.


C.


D.

9
11
Find cos if tan = 5
and is in quadrant IV.
11
A. 6

5
B. 6

11
C.
5
6
D.
11

10
The volume of a sphere is 36 cu. cm. The surface area of this sphere in sq. cm. is?
A. 25
B. 42
C. 36
D. 54

11
The frustum of a cone with altitude 6 meters and area of small and big base equals 2 and
4.5 sq. m., respectively. Find the volume in cu. m.
A. 21
B. 22
C. 23
D. 19

12
The volume of two spheres is in the ratio of 27:343 and the sum of their radii is 10. Find
the radius of the smaller sphere.
A. 6
B. 3
C. 5
D. 4

13
Seven regular hexagons, each with 6cm sides are arranged so that they share the same
sides and the centers of the six hexagons are equidistant from the seventh central
hexagon. Determine the ratio of the total area of the hexagons to the total outer
perimeter enclosing the hexagons.
A. 10.02
B. 8.05
C. 12.02
D. 6.06

14
The distance between the centers of three circles, which are mutually tangent with each
other, are 10, 12, and 14 units. Find the area of the largest circle.
A. 72 sq. units
B. 23 sq. units
C. 64 sq. units
D. 16 sq. units

15
Two equilateral triangles, each with 12cm sides, overlap each other to form a 6-point Star
of David. Determine the overlapping area in sq. cm.
A. 34.64
B. 41.57
C. 28.87
D. 49.88

16
What is the x-intercept of a line passing through (1, 4) and (4, 1)?
A. 4.5
B. 5
C. 6
D. 4

17
The distance from point (2, 1) to the line 4x 3y +5 = 0 is
A. 2
B. 1
C. 4
D. 3

18
It is a conic section with eccentricity equals to zero.
A. parabola
B. circle
C. hyperbola
D. ellipse

19 COURSE OUTCOME:
Discuss and apply comprehensively the concepts, properties and theorems of functions,
limits and continuity.
QUESTION:
x4
Evaluate: lim
x4
x 2
A.
B. 0
C. 4
D. 2

20 COURSE OUTCOME:
Interpret comprehensively the concept and properties of the derivatives and the
differentials and apply them to determine the derivatives of algebraic/transcendental
functions
QUESTION:
dy
If 2 x 2 3xy y 2 16 , find .
dx
dy 3y 4x
A.
dx 2 y 3x
dy 3y x
B.
dx y 3x
dy y 4x

C. dx y 4x
dy 3y 4x
D.
dx 3y 2x

21 COURSE OUTCOME:
Analyze correctly and solve properly application problems involving the derivatives and the
differentials.
QUESTION:
For the function f ( x) 3x 4 8x 3 6 x 2 24 x 10 , identify the points where the
derivative is zero.
A. x 1, 1, 2
B. x 2, 1, 1
C. x 0, 1, 2
D. x 1, 0, 2

22 COURSE OUTCOME:
Use integration formulas in computing the length of an arc and solve problems involving
area under the curve and between curves, volume of solids of revolution, centroid of the
area and solids of revolution, and work and force due to liquid pressure problems.
QUESTION:
Find the area of the region bounded by the curve y 4 x x 2 , the x-axis, and the lines
x 1 and x 3 .
A. 22/3 square units
B. 17/3 square units
C. 25/3 square units
D. 17/2 square units

23 COURSE OUTCOME:
Solve definite and indefinite integrals using basic integration formulas, simple substitution,
logarithmic and exponential functions, basic trigonometric integration formulas,
transformation of trigonometric function and using product of sine and cosine formulas.
QUESTION:
k


Evaluate: 3x 1 x 2 dx , where k is constant.
0
2 2
3
3

A. 1 k 2 B. 1 k 2


1 1 k
3 3
C. 1 1 k 2 2 D.
2 2

24 COURSE OUTCOME:
Interpret the dot product and cross-product of vectors; evaluate vectors in plane and
space; perform operations in vector valued functions; evaluate improper integral and
interpret improper integral as area.
QUESTION:
For the vectors A 2i j , B 2 j k , and C i 2 j 2k , find the magnitude of
A B C.
A. 5 B. 11 C. 3 D. 35

25
5
If you want to determine the value of A experimentally, given that A y tdt , where y
2

0
can be measured as a function of t, which of the following is best to do?
A. Plot y2 vs t, then evaluate the area under the curve.
B. Plot y2 t vs t, then evaluate the area under the curve.
C. Plot y2 t vs tt, then evaluate the area under the curve.
D. Plot y2 t vs t, then evaluate the area under the curve.