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LABOR DISPUTE

Rule 45 or 65
S U P R E M E C O U RT
CASE FLOW
Rule 65 Rule 65
COURT OF APPEALS

BLR SEC. OF LABOR NLRC


(MED-ARBITER OR REGIONAL DIRECTOR) (DOLE)
ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
EXCLUSIIVE ORIGINAL JURISDICTION ORIGINAL JURISDICTION/POWER
Injunction in ordinary labor disputes to enjoin or restrain any actual or threatened commission of
Inter-union disputes or representation disputes Assumption of jurisdiction over a labor any or all prohibited or unlawful acts or to require the performance of a particular act in any labor
which refer to cases involving petition for dispute/strike/lockout in an industry dispute which, if not restrained or performed forthwith, may cause grave or irreparable damage to
certification election filed by a duly registered labor indispensable to national interest any party.
organization which is seeking to be recognized as Certification to NLRC of strike/lockout Injunction in strikes or lockouts under Art. 278 of the Labor Code.
the sole and exclusive bargaining agent of the rank- disputes in an industry indispensible to Certified labor disputes causing or likely to cause a strike or lockout in an industry indispensable
and-file employees in the appropriate bargaining national interest for compulsory arbitration to the national interest, certified to it by the SOLE for compulsory arbitration.
unit of a company, firm or establishment. Power to inspect, issue compliance orders to
Intra-union disputes or internal union disputes give eect to labor standards provisions, issue APPELLATE JURISDICTION
which refer to disputes or grievances arising from enforcements of writs of execution, order
any violation of or disagreement over any provision stoppage of work due to grave and imminent All cases decided by the Labor Arbiters
of the constitution and by-laws of the union, danger posed to employees as a result of non- Cases decided by the DOLE Regional Directors or his duly authorized Hearing Ocers (under
including any violation of the rights and conditions compliance with law/regulations (Art. 128) Rule 65 Article 129) involving recovery of wages, simple money claims and other benefits
of union membership provided for in the Labor
Code. (including conduct of election of ocers) APPELLATE JURISDICTION/POWER
All disputes, grievances or problems arising from or
aecting labor-management relations in all Orders issued by the duly authorized
workplaces, except those arising from the representative of the Secretary of Labor and
interpretation or implementation of the CBA which Employment under Art. 128
REGIONAL DIR. LABOR ARBITER
are subject of grievance procedure and/or voluntary Decisions of the Med-Arbiter in certification (DOLE)
(NLRC Regional Branch)
arbitration. election case. (Art. 272). (NOTE: Decisions of
Complaints/requests for examination of unions Med-Arbiters in intra-union disputes are Claims for recovery of wages,
books of accounts simple money claims and other EXCLUSIIVE ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
appealable to the BLR). benefits, provided that:
Denial of application for union registration or must arise from employer- Unfair Labor Practice
ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS cancellation of union registration originally employee relationship; Termination dispute (legality of dismissal)
rendered by the Bureau of Labor Relations the claimant does not seek Cases involving wages, rates of pay, hours of work and
Approval/denial of application of registration labor (BLR) may be appealed to the SOLE. (NOTE: If reinstatement; and
other terms and conditions of employment, if
unions (by BLR or by Regional Oce); originally rendered by the Regional Oce, the aggregate money claim
of each employee does not accompanied with claim for reinstatement;
Cancellation of registration of labor unions (by BLR appeal should be made to the BLR).
exceed P5,000.00. Claims for actual, moral, exemplary and other forms of
or Regional Oce); Rule 43 damages arising from the employer-employee relations;
Keeping of registry of labor unions; and
Cases arising from any violation of Art. 279, including
Maintenance and custody of CBAs.
questions involving the legality of strikes and lockouts
[except those which are indispensible to the national
APPELLATE JURISDICTION interest]
NCMB VO L U N TA R Y A R B I T R A T O R Money claims
Denial of application for union registration or arising from employer-employee relations,
cancellation of union registration originally rendered Notice of strike/lockout; Unresolved grievances arising from the interpretation or accompanied with a claim for reinstatement
by the Regional Oce Any other disputes submitted by implementation of the collective bargaining agreement (except (which involves a termination case);
Decisions in intra-union disputes parties for preventive mediation Those which are gross in character) after exhaustion of the regardless of whether accompanied with a claim
proceedings grievance procedure; and for reinstatement, exceeding the amount of
Unresolved grievances arising from the implementation or P5,000.00 per claimant (which does not
Legend: interpretation of company personnel policies. (Art. 274);
All other labor disputes including unfair labor practices and
necessarily involve termination of employment),
except claims for Employees Compensation,
APPEAL (Rule) bargaining deadlocks, upon agreement of the parties. (Art. 275) SSS, Philhealth and maternity benefits
Wage distortion cases in organized establishments Wage distortion cases in unorganized establishments