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Foremost in preparing the youth to become agents of change in communities,

guided by the Scout Oath and Law.

To help the youth develop values and acquire competencies to become
responsible citizens and capable leaders anchored on the Scout Oath and


Sa ngalan ng aking dangal
ay gagawn ko ang bung makakaya;
Upang tumupd sa aking tungkulin sa Diys at sa aking Bayan,
ang Republik ng Pilipinas
at sumund sa Bats ng Iskawt;
Tumulong sa ibng tao sa laht ng pagkakatan;
Pamalagiing malaks ang aking katawn,
gisng ang isipan at marangl ang asal.



The Scout Method is a non-formal self-education system, and is a key part of
Scouting. It is composed of seven different elements which work together to
provide a rich, active and fun learning environment. The Scout Method


The Scout Law is a concrete and practical way to understand the values of
Scouting. The Scout Promise is a personal pledge to do ones best to live
according to those values, which you make before a group of peers when you
choose to join. The Promise and Law are considered as one element because
they are closely linked.

Learning by doing means developing as a result of first-hand experience as
opposed to theoretical instruction. It reflects the active way in which one gains
knowledge, skills and attitudes and illustrates Scoutings practical approach to
education. Learning by doing also allows everyone in the Scout patrol (or
team) to actively engage with the process and take ownership, with the
assistance of their peers and adult volunteers.


The patrol is the basic organisational structure in Scouting. Each small group,
normally comprising 6-8 youth members, operates as a team with one
member acting as team leader. Within each team and in ways appropriate to
their capacities, the Scouts organise their life as a group, sharing
responsibilities, and decide upon, organise, carry out and evaluate their
activities. This is done with the support of adults.

In Scouting, a symbolic framework is a set of elements which represent
concepts which Scouting seeks to promote. The purpose of the symbolic
framework is to build on young peoples capacity for imagination, adventure,
creativity and inventiveness. It is a way to make activities cohesive and fun
and to understand the values of Scouting.

Personal progression is about helping each individual to be consciously and
actively involved in his or her own development. It enables them to progress in
their own way and at their own pace, to gain confidence and to recognise the
progress made. The progressive scheme (set goals for each age group), is
the main tool used to support this element of the Scout Method.

The natural environment (woods, plains, sea, mountains, deserts etc)
provides an ideal setting in which the Scout Method can be applied, and for
developing ones physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual potential.
It involves the development of constructive contact with nature and making full
use of all the unique learning opportunities provided by the natural world.


Scouting is a youth movement, where young people do activities with the

support of adults. The role of adults in Scouting is to be activity leaders,
educators and group facilitators. In other words, to make sure that our youth
members do meaningful activities that promote the development of the
individual Scout as well as the group as a whole.

(reference: World Organization of the Scout Movement)


There are more than 40 million Scouts, young people and adults, male and
female, in over 200 countries and territories. Some 500 million people have
been Scouts, including prominent people in every field.


All this began with 20 boys and an experimental camp in 1907. It was held
during the first nine days of August in 1907 at Brownsea Island, near Poole in
Dorset, England. The camp was a great success and proved to its organiser,
Robert Baden-Powell, that his training and methods appealed to young people
and really worked.
In January 1908, Baden-Powell published the first edition of Scouting for
Boys. It was an immediate success and has since sold over 100 million
copies, making it one of the best selling books of all time. Baden-Powell had
only intended to provide a method of training boys, something that existing
youth organisations such as the Boys Brigade and YMCA could adopt. To his
surprise, youngsters started to organise themselves into what was to become
one of the largest voluntary youth movements in the world.


The success of Scouting for Boys produced a Movement that quickly

automatically it seemed adopted the name of The Boy Scouts. By 1909
Scouting for Boys had been translated into five languages, and a Scout rally
in London attracted more than 11,000 Scouts. As a result of Baden-Powell
taking a holiday in South America, Chile was one of the first countries outside
Britain to begin Scouting. In 1910 he visited Canada and the United States
where it had already started.

The coming of World War I in 1914 could have brought about the collapse of
the Movement, but the training provided through the patrol system proved its
worth. Patrol leaders took over when adult leaders volunteered for active
service. Scouts contributed to the war effort in England in many ways; most
notable perhaps were the Sea Scouts who took the place of regular coast-
guardsmen, freeing them for service.

The first World Scout Jamboree took place in 1920 with 8,000 participants,
and proved that young people from different nations could come together to
share common interests and ideals. Since that first World Jamboree at
Olympia in London, there have been 21 others at different locations.

During the Jamboree, the first World Scout Conference (then called
International Scout Conference) was held with 33 National Scout
Organizations represented. The Boy Scouts International Bureau, later to
become the World Scout Bureau, was founded in London in 1920.

In 1922 the first World Scout Committee was elected at the 2nd International
Conference in Paris, where 31 National Scout Organizations were
represented. World membership was just over 1 million.

Scouting began as a programme for boys 11 to 18 years of age. Yet almost

immediately others also wanted to participate. The Girl Guides programme
was started in 1910 by Baden-Powell. His wife Olave, whom he married in
1912, became Chief Guide.

A Wolf Cub section was formed for younger boys. It used Rudyard Kiplings
Jungle Book, to provide an imaginative symbolic framework for activities. For
older boys, a Rover Scout branch was formed.


Between the two world wars Scouting continued to flourish in all parts of the
world except in totalitarian countries where it was banned. Scouting is
voluntary and based on democratic principles.

During World War II, Scouts undertook many service tasks messengers,
firewatchers, stretcher-bearers, salvage collectors and so on. In occupied
countries, Scouting continued in secret with Scouts playing important roles in
the resistance and underground movements. After the war ended, it was
found that the numbers of Scouts in some occupied countries had, in fact,

THE 60s, 70s, AND 80s

Many countries gained their independence during these years. Scouting in

developing countries gradually evolved to be a youth programme which was
designed by Scout leaders in each country to better meet the needs of their

Scouts, particularly in developing countries, became more involved with

issues such as child health, low-cost housing, literacy, food production and
agriculture, job skills training, etc.

Drug abuse prevention, life skills training, integration of the handicapped,

environmental conservation and education, and peace education became
issues of concern to Scouts around the world.
By the 1990s Scouting had been reborn in every country where it existed prior
to World War II, and it started throughout the newly independent countries of
the Commonwealth of Independent States (formerly the USSR).


In 2007 the Movement celebrated its centenary 100 years of Scouting. What
started as a small camp on Brownsea Island is today a growing Movement
with members in nearly every country in the world. Through its unique
combination of adventure, education and fun, Scouting manages to
continuously renew and adapt itself to a changing world and the different
needs and interests of young people across the globe. In doing so it continues
to be an inspiration for young people to become active local and global
citizens, helping them in creating a better world.
(reference: World Organization of the Scout Movement)


Scouting was brought to the Philippines by American soldiers following their
occupation of the country in the early 20th century. There were accounts of
the presence of Boy Scouts in Manila as early as 1912 as backed by the
proceedings of the first BSA National Council Meeting in 1911 and an article
in the Boy Scout Story, a book on the beginnings of Scouting in America,
published in 1955.

Plans of forming Scouting troops for Filipino boys came from Mrs. Caroline S.
Spencer, an American widow doing charity works with the natives in Sulu with
Lt. Sherman L. Kiser, a young second lietenant assigned to arrange her
transportation and accomodation for her charity work. Upon seeing small boys
wandering aimlessly during one of their trips, Mrs. Spencer floated the idea of
organizing Boy Scout troops to Lt. Kiser.
The two discussed and planned the matter seriously, but because of Lt.
Kisers reassignment to Zamboanga and Mrs. Spencers return to the United
States, their plan in Sulu never materialized. In Zamboanga, Lt. Kiser
observed the same aimless behavior of boys and decided to push their plan of
forming Boy Scout troops. And so, the first Filipino troop consisting of 26 boys
was formed on November 15, 1914. This troop was named Lorillard Spencer
in honor of Mrs. Spencers son, who was a Boy Scout.

Another formation was documented in 1922 when 16-year old Celso

Mirafuente formed a troop in Boac, Marinduque based on a BSA handbook
and clippings of Boys Life magazine that came into his possession. This led to
the recognition of Mirafuente as the pioneer of Scouting in the
province. Through the initiative of the Rotary Club of Manila, in cooperation
with other civic oriented groups like the Young Mens Christian Association,
Knights of Columbus, Masons, Elks, the Filipino and Chinese Chambers of
Commerce, the United States Army, Catholic and Protestant Churches, and
the American Legion, Scouting was officially established in the country as the
Philippine Council of the Boy Scouts of the America (BSA).

The Council was chartered as a first class council on December 27, 1923, and
its jurisdiction was elevated to a national scope instead of being concentrated
only in Manila as originally requested. Being part of the BSA, Scouting
programs were administered through the BSA executives from the National
Office in New York.

The first full-time executive was A.S. MacFarlane. He was later succeeded by
Ernest E. Voss, who held the position until the effectivity of the turnover of the
Council to the BSP on January 01, 1938. Col. Joseph E.H. Stevenot worked
for the speedy Filipinization of Scouting. Under his stewardship, the Philippine
Council BSA prepared the BSP bill and petitioned its enactment from the
National Assembly to the Office of the President. The BSP bill was sponsored
by Iloilo Assemblyman Tomas Confesor and was signed into law as
Commonwealth Act. No. 111 by President Manuel L. Quezon on October 31,
1936, creating the Boy Scouts of the Philippines as a public corporation with
the purpose of promoting the ability of boys to do useful things for themselves
and others, to train them in Scoutcraft, and to teach them patriotism, courage,
self-reliance, and kindred virtues, using the methods which are in common
use by boy Scouts.

Fathers of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines are Joseph Emile H. Stevenot,
Arsenio N. Luz, Carlos P. Romulo, General Vicente Lim, Judge Manuel R.
Camus, Jorge B. Vargas and Gabriel A. Daza.

On January 01, 1938, the inauguration of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines
was held in front of the Legislative Building in Manila, with Exequiel Villacorta
taking over as Chief Scout Executive, equivalent to the position of todays
Secretary General.

J.E.H. Stevenot served as the first President of the BSP, with Jorge B. Vargas
as First Vice President, Carlos P. Romulo as Second Vice President, General
Vicente Lim as Treasurer, Judge Manuel R. Camus as National
Scout Commissioner, Exequiel Villacorta as Chief Scout Executive, and
Severino V. Araos as Deputy Chief Scout Executive.

Several years after Commonwealth Act. No. 111, with its subsequent
amendments under Presidential Decree No. 460 and Republic Act No. 7278,
the Boy Scouts of the Philippines continues to strive in pursuing its mission
to inculcate in our Scouts love of God, country and fellowmen; to prepare the
youth for responsible leadership; and to contribute to nation-building
according to the ideals, principles and programs of Scouting.