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35-2011 issued on August 17, 2011

clarifies issues concerning the imposition of the ten percent (10%) Improperly Accumulated
Earnings Tax (IAET) pursuant to Section 29 of the Tax Code of 1997, as amended, as it
applies to the taxable income earned starting January 1, 1998 by closely-held domestic
corporations, except publicly held corporations, banks and other non-bank financial
intermediaries, insurance companies and those enumerated under Section 4 of Revenue
Regulations (RR) No. 2-2001.
Under Section 29 of the Tax Code, as amended, a corporation that permits the
accumulation of earnings and profits beyond the reasonable needs of the business, instead of
dividing or distributing said profits, is subject to 10% IAET on the improperly accumulated
taxable income (IATI).
For corporations using the calendar year basis, the accumulated earnings under tax
shall not apply on improperly accumulated income as of December 31, 1997. In the case of
corporations adopting the fiscal year accounting period, the improperly accumulated income
not subject to this tax shall be reckoned as of the end of the month comprising the 12-month
period of fiscal year 1997-1998.
By way of illustration, IATI is computed as follows:
Taxable Income for the year (e.g., 2010) P xxxx
(a) Income subjected to Final Tax P xxx
(b) NOLCO xxx
(c) Income exempt from tax xxx
(d) Income excluded from gross income xxx xxxx
P xxxx
Income Tax paid P xxx
Dividends declared/paid xxx xxxx
Total P xxxx
Add: Retained Earnings from prior years
Accumulated Earnings as of December 31, 2010
Less: Amount that may be Retained
(100% of Paid-Up Capital as of Dec. 31, 2010) xxxx
IATI P xxxx

The resulting IATI is multiplied by 10% to arrive at the IAET.

The amount that may be retained, taking into consideration the accumulated earnings
within the reasonable needs of the business, as determined under Section 3 of RR No. 2-
2001, shall be 100% of the paid-up capital or the amount contributed to the corporation
representing the par value of the shares of stock. Hence, any excess capital over and above
the par shall be excluded.