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http://www.history.

com/topics/holidays/july-4th

VIDEO QUESTIONS

1. Answer the questions:


a. What is it celebrated in the 4th July?
b. Where is the Liberty Bell?
c. Who are some the Nations Founding Fathers?
d. Where is the biggest firework show in the US?
e. What do people generally do in this day?

WORD FORMATION

Variously known as the Fourth of July and Independence Day, July 4th has been a
federal holiday in the United States since 1941, but the ____________
(TRADITIONAL) of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century
and the American Revolution (1775-83). In June 1776,
____________________(REPRESENTATION) of the 13 colonies then fighting in
the revolutionary struggle weighed a resolution that would
______________(DECLARATION) their independence from Great Britain. On July
2nd, the Continental Congress voted in favor of independence, and two days later
its delegates adopted the Declaration of Independence, a
__________________(HISTORY) document drafted by Thomas Jefferson. From
1776 until the present day, July 4th has been celebrated as the birth of American
________________(INDEPENDENT), with typical festivities ranging from
fireworks, parades and concerts to more casual family gatherings and barbecues.

OPEN CLOZE

THE BIRTH OF AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE

When the initial battles in the Revolutionary War broke out in April 1775, few
colonists desired complete independence from Great Britain, and those _________
did were considered radical. ___________ the middle of the following year,
however, many more colonists had come to favor independence, thanks to growing
hostility ______________ Britain and the spread of revolutionary sentiments.
On June 7, when the Continental Congress met at the Pennsylvania State House
(later Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, the Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee
introduced a motion calling ________ the colonies independence. Amid heated
debate, Congress postponed the vote on Lees resolution, but appointed a five-
man committeeincluding Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John
Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of
Pennsylvania and Robert R. Livingston of New Yorkto draft a formal statement
justifying ___________ break with Great Britain.

John Adams believed that July 2nd was the correct date on which to
celebrate the birth of American independence, and would reportedly
turn ____________ invitations to appear at July 4th events in protest.
Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died on July 4, 1826--the 50th
anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.

On July 2nd, the Continental Congress voted in favor __________ Lees resolution
for independence in a near-unanimous vote (the New York delegation abstained,
but later voted affirmatively). On that day, John Adams wrote to his wife Abigail that
July 2 will be celebrated, by succeeding Generations, as the great anniversary
Festival and that the celebration should include Pomp and ParadeGames,
Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires and Illuminations _______ one End of this Continent
to the other. On July 4th, the Congress formally adopted the Declaration of
Independence, which had been written largely by Jefferson. Though the vote for
actual independence took place on July 2nd, from then on the fourth became the
day that was celebrated as the birth of American independence.
PREAMBULO DE LA CONSTITUCION DE LA NACION ARGENTINA

Nos, los representantes del pueblo de la Nacin Argentina, reunidos en Congreso


General Constituyente por voluntad y eleccin de las provincias que la componen,
en cumplimiento de pactos preexistentes, con el objeto de constituir la unin
nacional, afianzar la justicia, consolidar la paz interior, proveer a la defensa
comn, promover el bienestar general, y asegurar los beneficios de la libertad para
nosotros, para nuestra posteridad y para todos los hombres del mundo que
quieran habitar en el suelo argentino; invocando a la proteccin de Dios, fuente de
toda razn y justicia: ordenamos, decretamos y establecemos esta Constitucin
para la Nacin Argentina.

AMERICAN CONSTITUTION

PREAMBLE

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union,
establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense,
promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and
our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of
America.