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Chapter12Investments

QUESTIONSFORREVIEWOFKEYTOPICS

Investmentindebtsecuritiesandinvestmentsinequitysecuritiesthatarecapableofprompt
Question121liquidationand that management intentstoconvert intocashwithinoneyearareclassifiedas
TemporaryInvestments.
Increasesanddecreasesinthemarketvaluebetweenthetimeadebtsecurityisacquiredand
Question122 thedayitmaturestoaprearrangedmaturityvalueareignoredforsecuritiesclassifiedasheldto
maturity.Thesechangesarentimportantifsalebeforematurityisntanalternative,whichisthe
caseifaninvestorhasthepositiveintentandabilitytoholdthesecuritiestomaturity.
Atemporaryinvestmentinequitysecurityisreportedatacquisitiondateatcost.Attheendof
Question123 eachaccountingperiod,thetemporaryinvestmentisvaluedusinglowerofcostandmarket.
Temporary investment lossesarereported ontheincome statement asLossontemporary
Question124investments.Thetemporaryinvestmentsareclassifiedascurrentassetsonthebalancesheetand
the reduction of the value for the lower market value isreported using an allowance account.
Example:
CurrentAssets:
Temporaryinvestments,atcostXXX
Less:AllowancetoreducetomarketXXX

Question125
Temporaryinvestmentlossesontradingsecuritiesarereportedontheincomestatementwhenthemarketvalueis
lowerthanthecost.Anallowanceaccountissetuptoreducethecosttomarketvalue.
Managementsintenthaschangedregardingtheinvestment. Itwasoriginallyclassifiedas
Question126 temporary but now that management wants to keep the investment to maturity, it must be
reclassifiedaslongterminvestments.Longterminvestmentinbondsiscarriedatamortizedcost.
When acquired, debt and equity securities are assigned to one of the two reporting
Question127 classificationstemporaryinvestmentsandlongterminvestments. Thevalueofthetemporary
investmentsisreassessedateachreportingdate. Thecarryingvalueiscomparedtothemarket
valueateachreportingdate.Whenthevalueofaninvestmentfallsbelowitsacquisitioncost,alosshasoccurred.The
lossisrecognizedbyapplyingthelowerofcostandmarketrule.TheLCMruleisusuallyappliedtotheportfolioasa
whole.Individualamountsofeachinvestmentisreportedonthefinancialstatements.
Fortemporaryinvestments,GAAPrequiresacompanytoincludethefollowinginformation:
Whentemporaryinvestmentsincludeholdingsofsecuritiesissuedbyaffiliatedcompanies,theseshouldbeset
outseparately
Thebasisofvaluation
Ifinmarketablesecurities,theirmarketvalueaswellastheircarryingvalue
Whenthemarketvalueoftemporaryinvestmentshasdeclinedbelowthecarryingvalue,theyshouldbecarried
atmarketvalue.
Forlongterminvestments:
Question127(continued)
Thebasisofvaluation
Investments in companies subject to significant influence, other affiliated companies, or other longterm
investmentsshouldbeshownseparately.
Incomefromtheaboveitemsshouldalsobeshownseparately.

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 121
Wheretheequitymethodisused,disclosureshouldbemadeofthedifferencebetweentheinvestmentcostand
theunderlyingnetbookvalueoftheinvesteesnetassetsatthedateofthepurchaseaswellasthetreatmentof
thecomponentsofthedifference.
Fairvalueaswellascarryingvalueforallmarketablesecuritiesclassifiedasportfolioinvestments.

Forbothtemporaryandlongterminvestments:
termsandconditions
interestraterisk
creditrisk.
Theequitymethodisusedwhenaninvestorcantcontrol,butcansignificantlyinfluencethe
Question128 investee. If effective control isabsent, the investor still might be able to exercise significant
influence over the operating and financial policies ofthe investee iftheinvestor owns alarge
percentageoftheoutstandingsharesrelativetoothershareholders.Byvotingthosesharesasablock,theinvestoroften
canswaydecisionsinthedirectiondesired.Wepresume,intheabsenceofevidencetothecontrary,thattheinvestor
exercisessignificantinfluenceovertheinvesteewhenitownsbetween20%and50%oftheinvestee'svotingshares.
Theequitymethod,likeconsolidation,viewstheinvestorandinvesteeasaspecialtypeof
Question129 single entity. By the equity method, though, the investor doesnt include separate financial
statementitemsoftheinvesteeonanitembyitembasisasinconsolidation.Rather,bytheequity
method,theinvestorreportsitsequityinterestintheinvesteeasasingleinvestmentaccount.Thatsingleinvestment
account is periodically adjusted to reflect the effects of consolidation, without actually consolidating financial
statements.
Theinvestorshouldaccountfordividendsfromtheinvesteeasareductionintheinvestment
Question1210 account. Since investment revenue is recognized as the investee earns it, it would be
inappropriatetoagainrecognizerevenuewhenearningsaredistributedasdividends.Rather,the
dividend distribution is considered to be a reduction of the investees net assets, indicating that the investors
ownershipinterestinthosenetassetsdeclinesproportionately.
Bothinvestmentrevenueandtheinvestmentwouldbereducedbythenegativeincomeeffect
Question1211 oftheextraamortizationthehigherfairvaluewouldcause.Thiswouldbe40%x$12million
10years=$480,000eachyearfortenyears.
Theinvestmentaccountwasdecreasedby$40,000(40%x$100,000). Cashincreasedthe
Question1212 sameamount.Thereisnoeffectontheincomestatement.
Whenitbecomesnecessarytochangefromtheequitymethodto
AnswerstoQuestions(concluded) anothermethod, noadjustmentismadetothecarryingamountofthe
investment. Theequitymethodissimplydiscontinuedandthenew
methodisappliedfromthenon.Theinvestmentaccountbalancewhen
Question1213 theequitymethodisdiscontinuedwouldserveasthenewcostbasis
forwritingtheinvestmentupordowntomarketvalueonthenextsetoffinancialstatements.
Afinancialinstrumentis:(a)cash,(b)evidenceofanownershipinterestinanentity,(c)a
Question1214 contract that (1) imposes on one entity an obligation to deliver cash or another financial
instrument and (2) conveys to a second entity a right to receive cash or another financial
instrument, or (d) a contract that (1) imposes on one entity an obligation to exchange financial instruments on
potentiallyunfavourabletermsand(2)conveystoasecondentityarightto exchange otherfinancialinstrumentson
potentiallyfavourableterms.Accountspayable,bankloans,andinvestmentsinsecuritiesareexamples.
Theseinstrumentsderivetheirvaluesorcontractuallyrequiredcashflowsfromsome
Question1215 othersecurityorindex.
Sincethisfundwontbeusedwithintheupcomingoperatingcycle,itisanoncurrentasset.
Question1216 ItshouldbereportedaspartofInvestmentsandfunds.
Partofeachpremiumpaymentthecompanymakesisnotusedbytheinsurancecompanyto
Question1217 payforlifeinsurancecoverage,butratherisinvestedonbehalfoftheinsuredcompanyina
fixedincomeinvestment.Asaresult,theperiodicinsurancepremiumshouldnotbeexpensedin
itsentirety;anappropriateportionshouldberecordedinsteadasanoncurrentassetcashsurrendervalue.

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122 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
EXERCISES

Exercise121November1
($inmillions)
Cash................................................................. 2.4
Investmentrevenue...................................... 2.4

December1
($inmillions)
InvestmentinFacsimileEnterprisesbonds..... 30
Cash............................................................. 30

December31
($inmillions)
InvestmentinTreasurybills........................... 8.9
Cash............................................................. 8.9

December31
($inmillions)
InvestmentrevenuereceivableConvenience
bonds($48millionx10%x2/12).............................. 0.8
InvestmentrevenuereceivableFacsimile
Enterprisesbonds($30millionx12%x1/12)........... 0.3
Investmentrevenue...................................... 1.1
Note:Securitiesheldtomaturityarenotadjustedtofairvalue.

InvestmentinGMcommonshares 41,200
Exercise122 Cash([800sharesx$50]+$1,200)
................................41,200

Cash([800sharesx$53]$1,300).............................. 41,100
Lossonsaleofinvestments............................. 100
InvestmentinGMcommonshares............. 41,200

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 123
Requirement1
Exercise123
($in000s)
Lossontemporaryinvestments............................................... 45
Allowancetoreducetemporaryinvestments($930$885)....... 45

Onlylossesontemporaryinvestmentsarerecorded.Unrealizedholdinggains
areneverrecorded.Unrealizedholdinglossesarenotrecordedforlongterm
investments,unlesstherehasbeenalossinvalueontheinvestmentthatisother
thanatemporarydecline.Inthiscaseitistemporary.

Requirement2

ReportedontheincomestatementatDecember31,2005:

LossonTemporaryInvestments.$45,000

Exercise124
Requirement1

Lossontemporaryinvestments(10,000sharesx[$58$60])................. 20,000
Allowancetoreducetomarket................................................ 20,000

Requirement2

Allowancetoreducetomarket(10,000sharesx[$60$58]).................. 20,000
Lossrecoveryontemporaryinvestments................................. 20,000

Exercise125Requirement1
2005

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124 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
March2
($inmillions)
InvestmentinPlatinumGauges,Inc.shares............................... 31
Cash......................................................................................... 31

April12
InvestmentinZenithbonds.......................................................... 20
Cash......................................................................................... 20

July18
Cash............................................................................................. 2
Investmentrevenue.................................................................. 2

October15
Cash............................................................................................. 1
Investmentrevenue.................................................................. 1

October16
Cash............................................................................................. 21
InvestmentinZenithbonds...................................................... 20
Gainonsaleofinvestments..................................................... 1

November1
InvestmentinLTDpreferredshares........................................... 40
Cash......................................................................................... 40

December31
Adjustingentries:

Lossontemporaryinvestments
([$74x500,000shares]$40million)....................................................... 3
Allowancetoreduceinvestmentstomarket............................ 3

Exercise125(concluded) 2006

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 125
January23
($inmillions)
Cash([1millionsharesx1/2]x$32)....................................................... 16.0
Gainonsaleofinvestments(difference)...................................... .5
InvestmentinPlatinumGauges
shares($31millionbalanceafteradjustingentryx1/2)............................ 15.5

March1
Cash($76x500,000shares).................................................................. 38
Allowancetoreduceinvestmenttomarket.................................. 3
InvestmentinLTDpreferred(balanceafteradjustingentry)................ 40
GainonsaleofInvestmentinLTD.. 1

Requirement2
2005IncomeStatement
($inmillions)
Investmentrevenue(fromJuly18;Oct.15).......................................$3
Gainonsaleofinvestments(fromOct.16)......................................1
Lossontemporaryinvestments..3
Requirement1
Exercise126
Purchase ($inmillions)
InvestmentinJacksonIndustryshares......................................... 90
Cash........................................................................................ 90
Netincome
Noentry
Dividends
Cash(5%x$60million)....................................................................... 3
Investmentrevenue.................................................................. 3
Marketvalue$98
Noentry
Requirement2
Investmentrevenue.......................... $3million
Requirement1
Exercise127
2005

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126 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
December17
LongTermInvestments...................................................... 350,000
Cash.................................................................................. 350,000
December28
Cash...................................................................................... 2,000
Investmentrevenue.......................................................... 2,000
December31
Noentry
2006
January5
Cash(sellingprice)..................................................................... 395,000
Gainonsaleofinvestments(tobalance)............................... 45,000
LongTermInvestments(balanceafteradjustingentry)............... 350,000

Requirement2
BalanceSheet
(longterminvestment):
LongTermInvestments
(balanceafteradjustingentry).................................................... $350,000

IncomeStatement:
Investmentrevenue(dividends)............................................. $2,000

Exercise1281. Investmentsreportedascurrentassets.
Security A $900,000
Security B 105,000
Total$1,005,000
Less:Allowance(5,000)$1,000,000

2. Investmentsreportedaslongtermassets.
Security C $700,000
Security D 900,000
$1,600,000

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 127
3. Lossontemporaryinvestmentcomponentofincomebeforetaxes.
Cost Fairvalue Unrealized
gain(loss)
Security A $900,000 $900,000 $0
B 105,000 100,000 (5,000)
Totals $1,005,000 $1,000,000 $(5,000)

Exercise129Requirement1

Lossontemporaryinvestmentin
YucatanGrowerscommonshares....................................... 25,000
Allowancetoreduceinvestmentstomarket
($1,175,000$1,200,000)................................................................. 25,000

Requirement2

Noentry

Requirement3

Noentry

Exercise1210 1. c
2. d

Exercise1211Requirement1

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128 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
Purchase
InvestmentinAMCcommonshares.................................... 480,000
Cash............................................................................... 480,000

Netincome
Noentry

Dividends
Cash(20%x400,000sharesx$0.25)................................................ 20,000
Investmentrevenue......................................................... 20,000

Noadjustmentformarketvalue.

Requirement2
Purchase
InvestmentinAMCcommonshares.................................... 480,000
Cash............................................................................... 480,000

Netincome
InvestmentinAMCcommonshares(20%x$250,000)............. 50,000
Investmentrevenue......................................................... 50,000

Dividends
Cash(20%x400,000sharesx$0.25)................................................ 20,000
InvestmentinAMCcommonshares............................... 20,000

Adjustingentry
Noentry
Exercise1212
Purchase ($inmillions)
InvestmentinNurserySuppliesshares.................................... 56
Cash.................................................................................... 56

Netincome
InvestmentinNurserySuppliesshares(30%x$40million)........... 12
Investmentrevenue.............................................................. 12

Dividends
Cash(30%x8millionsharesx$1.25)................................................... 3
InvestmentinNurserySuppliesshares................................ 3
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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 129
Adjustingentry
Noentry

Exercise1213
Requirement1
Adisclosurenotealsoshoulddescribethechange.Therecordedcarryingvalue
atthedateofthetransferisregardedastheinitialcostoftheinvestment,similartothe
purchasepriceiftheinvestorweretoacquiretheinvestmentatthatdate.Theinvestor
mustdeterminethefairvalueofthenetassetsownedanddeterminetheamountof
goodwillasthedifferencebetweentherecordedcostandthefairvalueofthenetassets
acquiredasofthedatethatsignificantinfluencewasobtained.

Requirement2
Itdoesnotmatter,ifthechangeisfromcostmethodtoequityorfromequity
method to cost method, there is no restatement of prior results. This is not
consideredtobeachangeinaccountingpolicy.
Purchase
Exercise1214 ($inmillions)

InvestmentinCarneCosmeticsshares................................. 68
Cash................................................................................. 68
Netincome
InvestmentinCarneCosmeticsshares(25%x$40million)........ 10
Investmentrevenue.......................................................... 10
Dividends
Cash(4millionsharesx$1)........................................................... 4
InvestmentinCarneCosmeticsshares............................. 4
Amortization

Investmentrevenue($8million[calculationbelow]8years).......... 1
InvestmentinCarneCosmeticsshares............................. 1

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1210 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
Calculations:
Investee NetAssets Difference
NetAssets Purchased Attributedto:

Cost $68

Goodwill:$12
Fairvalue: $224*x25%= $56

Undervaluation
Bookvalue: $192x25%= $48 ofassets: $8

*[$192+32]=$224

Adjustingentry
Noentry

Exercise1215Requirement1
Purchase ($inmillions)
InvestmentinLakeConstructionshares.............................. 300
Cash................................................................................. 300
Netincome
InvestmentinLakeConstructionshares(20%x$150million)..... 30
Investmentrevenue.......................................................... 30
Dividends
Cash(20%x$30million)............................................................. 6
InvestmentinLakeConstructionshares.......................... 6

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1211
Exercise1215(continued)

goodwillcalculation:
Investee NetAssets Difference
NetAssets Purchased Attributedto:

Cost $300

Goodwill: $120
Fairvalue: $900x20%= $180

Undervaluation
Bookvalue: $900x20%= $180 ofassets: $0

Requirement2
a. InvestmentinLakeConstructionshares
__________________________________________
($inmillions)
Cost 300
Shareofincome 30
6 Dividends

_________________
Balance 324

b. Asinvestmentrevenueontheincomestatement.

$30million(shareofincome)=
$30million

c. Amonginvestingactivitiesonthecashflowstatement.

$300million
[Cashdividendsreceived($6million)alsoarereportedaspartofoperatingactivities.]

Exercise1216 1. a
2. c
3. b

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1212 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
4. b$82,000$81,000
5. c
6. c
7. c

Exercise1217Requirement1
Insuranceexpense(difference).................................................. 64,000
Cashsurrendervalueoflifeinsurance($27,000$21,000)......... 6,000
Cash(2005premium).............................................................. 70,000

Requirement2
Cash(deathbenefit)............................................................ 4,000,000
Cashsurrendervalueoflifeinsurance(accountbalance). 27,000
Gainonlifeinsurancesettlement(tobalance)............... 3,973,000

Exercise1218Requirement1

Insuranceexpense(difference).......................................... 22,900
Cashsurrendervalueoflifeinsurance($4,600$2,500)...... 2,100
Cash(premium)............................................................. 25,000

Requirement2

Cash(deathbenefit)............................................................ 250,000
Cashsurrendervalueoflifeinsurance(accountbalance). 16,000

PROBLEMS
Gainonlifeinsurancesettlement(tobalance)............... 234,000

Problem121Requirement1:
Investmentincomeis$3,000($15,000x0.20)

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1213
Requirement2:
BalanceintheinvestmentaccountonDecember31,2005is;
$698,000+(0.20x$88,000)(0.20x$15,000)=$712,600

Problem122
Requirement1:
i)Lossontemporaryinvestments.......... 2,000
Allowancetoreducetomarket 2,000

ii) Cash................ 29,000


Lossonsaleofinvestments............... 3,000
InvestmentMM 32,000

iii)Allowancetoreducetomarket................ 2,000
Gainontemporaryinvestments 2,000

Requirement2:
Pros:
Themarketvaluemethodpresentsamoreaccuratepictureofthevalueofthe
firmsinvestments.
Theuseofthemarketvaluemethodpreventsmanagementfrommanipulating
earningsbychoosingwhentoselltheinvestments.
Touseofmarketvaluespresentsmorereliableinformationtotheusersof
financialstatements;thatis,itisfreefrombiassincethevaluesaredetermined
inanopenmarket.
Cons:
Themarketvaluemethodviolatesthecostprinciple.
Marketvaluesarenotalwaysavailable(andiftheyare,theymaynotbefair).
Themarketvaluemethodignoresoralterstherevenuerecognitionprinciple.
Managementhasnocontrol,asindicatedbytoomanyincomefluctuations.
Problem123Requirement1
2005
February21
LongTermInvestmentsDistributionTransformers.400,000
Cash400,000

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1214 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
March18
Cash..8,000
Investmentincome. 8,000
September1
InvestmentinGovernmentofCanadaBonds..900,000
Cash..900,000
October20
Cash425,000
LongTermInvestmentsDistributionTransformers400,000
Gainonsaleofinvestments25,000
November1
LongTermInvestmentsM&DCorp..1,400,000
Cash1,400,000
December31
Adjustingentries:
Investmentrevenuereceivable..30,000
Investmentrevenue($900,000x10%X4/12).. 30,000
Noentryformarketvalue.
Closingentries:
Investmentrevenue($8,000+$30,000)38,000
Gainonsaleofinvestments.25,000
Incomesummary 63,000
Requirement2
Balancesheet:
Investmentrevenuereceivable $30,000

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1215
Problem123(continued)

Balancesheet(LongTerminvestments):

InvestmentinGovernmentofCanadabonds 900,000

InvestmentinM&DCorporationshares1,400,000

Incomestatement:

Investmentrevenue($8,000+$30,000) $30,000

Gainonsaleofinvestments 25,000

Requirement3

2006

January20

Cash..1,485,000

Gainonsaleofinvestments(tobalance) 85,000

InvestmentinM&DCorporationshares... 1,400,000

March1

Cash45,000

Interestreceivable 30,000

Investmentrevenue. 15,000

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1216 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
Problem124
Requirement1

2005
December12 ($inmillions)
InvestmentinFF&GCorporationbonds...................................... 12
Cash.......................................................................................... 12

December13
InvestmentinInvestmentinFerrycommonshares..................... 22
Cash.......................................................................................... 22

December15
Cash.............................................................................................. 12.1
InvestmentinFF&GCorporationbonds.................................. 12.0
Gainonsaleofinvestments($12.112)....................................... 0.1

December22
InvestmentinTreasurybills......................................................... 56
InvestmentinTreasurybonds...................................................... 65
Cash.......................................................................................... 121

December23
Cash.............................................................................................. 10
Lossonsaleofinvestments($10$11)............................................ 1
InvestmentinFerrycommonshares($22x1/2)............................ 11

December26
Cash(sellingprice).............................................................................. 57
Gainonsaleofinvestments($57$56)........................................ 1
InvestmentinTreasurybills(balance).......................................... 56

December27
Cash(sellingprice).............................................................................. 63
Lossonsaleofinvestments($63$65)............................................ 2
InvestmentinTreasurybonds(balance)....................................... 65

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1217
December28
Cash.............................................................................................. 0.2
Investmentrevenue................................................................... 0.2

Problem124(continued)

December31
($inmillions)
Adjustingentry:
Lossontemporary
investments($10million[$22millionx1/2])....................................... 1.0
Allowancetoreducecosttomarket.......................................... 1.0

Closingentry:
Incomesummary(tobalance)............................................................ .7
Investmentrevenue($5+$0.2million)................................................ 5.2
Gainonsaleofinvestments($8+$0.1+$1million)............................. 9.1
Lossonsaleofinvestments($11+$1+$2million).......................... 14.0
Lossontemporaryinvestments(adjustingentry)............................. 1.0

Requirement2
($inmillions)
Balancesheet(shortterminvestment):
InvestmentinFerrycommonshares11.0
Less:Allowancetoreducetomarket(1.0)10.0
Incomestatement:
Investmentrevenue(closingentry) 5.2
Gainonsaleofinvestments(closingentry) 9.1
Lossonsaleofinvestments(closingentry) (14.0)
Lossontemporaryinvestments(closingentry) (1.0)

Requirement3

2006
January2
($inmillions)
Cash(sellingprice).............................................................................. 10.2

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1218 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
Lossonsaleofinvestments($10.2$11). 0.8
InvestmentinFerrycommon($22/2)........................................... 11.0

January5
InvestmentinWarehouseDesignsbonds.................................... 34
Cash.......................................................................................... 34

Problem125 ($inmillions)

2005
October18
InvestmentinMillworkVenturespreferredshares(temporary)... 58
Cash.......................................................................................... 58

October31
Cash.............................................................................................. 1.5
Investmentrevenue................................................................... 1.5

November1
InvestmentinHolisticEntertainmentbonds(longterm).............. 18
Cash.......................................................................................... 18

November1
Cash.............................................................................................. 28
Lossonsaleofinvestments($28$30)............................................ 2
InvestmentinCalgaryAbstractorsbonds................................ 30

December1
InvestmentinHouseholdPlasticsbonds(longterm)................... 60
Cash.......................................................................................... 60

December20
InvestmentinTreasurybonds(temporary)................................... 5.6
Cash.......................................................................................... 5.6

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1219
December21
InvestmentinNXScommonshares(temporary)......................... 44
Cash.......................................................................................... 44

December23
Cash.............................................................................................. 5.7
InvestmentinTreasurybonds................................................. 5.6
Gainonsaleofinvestments($5.75.6)........................................ .1

Problem125(continued)
($inmillions)
December29
Cash.............................................................................................. 3
Investmentrevenue................................................................. 3

December31
Accruedinterest:
InvestmentrevenuereceivableHolistic
Entertainment($18millionx10%x2/12)............................................. 0.3
InvestmentrevenuereceivableHousehold
Plastics($60millionx12%x1/12)........................................................ 0.6
Investmentrevenue................................................................ 0.9

Revaluations:
LossonInvestments([2millionsharesx$27.50]$58million)3
Allowancetoreducetemporaryinvestments 3

Note:Securitiesheldaslongterminvestmentsarenotadjustedtofairvalue.Onlyholdinglossesare
recorded.

Closingentry:

Investmentrevenue($3.0+1.5+.9)................................................... 5.4
Gainonsaleofinvestments(Treasurybonds)..................................... .1
Lossonsaleofinvestments(CalgaryAbstractors).......................... 2.0
Incomesummary(tobalance)...................................................... 3.5

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1220 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
2006

January7
Cash.............................................................................................. 43
Lossonsaleofinvestments(tobalance)............................................ 1
InvestmentinNXScommonshares(afteradjustingentry)................ 44

Problem126Requirement1
Purchase ($inmillions)
InvestmentinLaveryLabelingshares.......................................... 324
Cash......................................................................................... 324

Netincome
InvestmentinLaveryLabelingshares(30%x$160million)................ 48
Investmentrevenue................................................................... 48

Dividends
Cash(10millionsharesx$2).................................................................. 20
InvestmentinLaveryLabelingshares...................................... 20

Amortization
Investmentrevenue([$80millionx30%]6years)................................ 4
InvestmentinLaveryLabelingshares...................................... 4

McGrawHillRyerson,Ltd.,2004
SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1221
Calculations:

Investee NetAssets Difference


NetAssets Purchased Attributedto:

Cost $324

Goodwill: $60
Fairvalue: $880*x30%= $264

Undervaluation
Bookvalue: $800x30%= $240 ofassets: $24

*[$800+80]=$880
Adjustingentry
Noentry

Problem126(concluded) Requirement2

Purchase ($inmillions)
InvestmentinLaveryLabelingshares.......................................... 324
Cash......................................................................................... 324

Netincome
Noentry

Dividends
Cash(10millionsharesx$2).................................................................. 20
Investmentrevenue................................................................... 20

Noentry

Problem127Requirement1

Purchase ($inmillions)
InvestmentinNorthwestT&Mshares.......................................... 400.0
Cash......................................................................................... 400.0

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1222 IntermediateAccounting,1/e
Netincome
InvestmentinNorthwestT&Mshares(40%x$140million)............... 56.0
Investmentrevenue................................................................... 56.0

Dividends
Cash(40%x$30million)...................................................................... 12.0
InvestmentinNorthwestT&Mshares...................................... 12.0

Inventory
Investmentrevenue($5millionx40%:allsoldin2005)............................ 2.0
InvestmentinNorthwestT&Mshares...................................... 2.0
Amortization
Investmentrevenue([$20millionx40%]16years)............................... .5
InvestmentinNorthwestT&Mshares...................................... .5

Calculations:
Investee NetAssets Difference
NetAssets Purchased Attributedto:

Cost $400

Goodwill: $80[plug]
Fairvalue: $800*x40%= $320

inventory (5)x40% Undervaluation


ofinventory: $2

plantfacilities (20)x40% Undervaluation


ofplant: $8
Bookvalue: $775x40%= $310

*$775+5+20

Problem127(concluded) Requirement2

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1223
Investment Revenue
($ in millions)
56.0 Share of income
Inventory 2.0
Amortization .5

_________________
Balance 53.5

Requirement3

Investment in Northwest T&M shares


($ in millions)
Cost 400.0
Share of income 56.0
12.0 Dividends
2.0 Inventory
.5 Amortization

_________________
Balance 441.5

Requirement4
$400 million cash outflow from investing activities
$12 million cash inflow (dividends) among operating activities

Problem128
Requirement1

Millersmanagementshoulddecidewhetherithastheabilitytoexercisesignificant
influenceoveroperatingandfinancialpoliciesoftheMarlonCompany. Abilityto
exercisesignificantinfluenceispresumedforinvestmentsof20percentormoreof

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votingsharesandpresumednottoexistforinvestmentsoflessthan20percent,other
things being equal. Evidence to the contrary should be considered, including
participation on the board of directors, technological dependency, material
intercompanytransactions,orinterchangeofmanagerialpersonnel.

Requirement2

a. Incomestatement: ($inmillions)

Investmentrevenue($12millionx1/6) $2.0

b. Balancesheet:
InvestmentinMarlonCompany
($19million+2million1million) $20*

*Investment in Marlon Company


($ in millions)
Cost 19.0
Share of income 2.0
1.0 Dividends ($6 million x 1/6)

_________________
Balance 20.0

c. CashflowStatement:
$19 million cash outflow from investing activities
$1 million cash inflow (dividends) among operating activities

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1225
Problem 12-9
Item Reporting Category
_T or M_ 1. 35% of nonvoting preferred shares T. Temporary Investments
of Canadian Aircraft Company. M. Long-Term Investments
_M_ 2. Treasury bills to be held to E. Equity method
maturity. C. Consolidation
_M_ 3. Two-year note receivable from N. None of these
affiliate
_N_ 4. Accounts Receivable
_T_ 5. Treasury bond maturing In one week
_T_ 6. Common shares held In trading account
for Immediate resale
_T_ 7. Bonds acquired to profit from short-term difference In price.
_E_ 8. 35% of voting common shares of Computer Storage Devices
Company.
_C_ 9. 90% of the voting common shares of Affiliated Peripherals,
Inc.
_T_ 10. Corporate bonds of Primary Smelting Company to be sold
if Interest rates fall 1/2%.
_M_ 11. 25% of the voting common shares of Smith Foundries
Corporation: 51% family-owned by Smith family; fair value
determinable.
_E_ 12. 17% of the voting common shares of Shipping Barrels
Corporation: Investor's CEO on the board of directors of Shipping
Barrels Corporation.

Problem 12-10
Requirement 1
Temporary Investments (1,000 shares x $70). 70,000
Temporary Investments (700 shares x $30) 21,000
Cash 91,000
Requirement 2
LCM
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1226 IntermediateAccounting,1/e

Bei Wei Corporation 70,000 66,000


CASES
ResearchCase121
[Note: Thiscaseencouragesthestudenttoreferenceactualannualreports.]

Thefootnotethatdescribesaninvestmentinsecuritiesastemporaryinvestmentsor
longterminvestments,maybeheadedbyanyoneofavarietyofcaptionsorsubsumed
withinanotherdisclosurenote. Likewise,thecaptionbywhichtheinvestmentsare
reportedonthebalancesheetcanbereportedseparatelyasoneofseveralassettitlesor
includedwithinanotherassetcaption.
Theywillbereportedascurrentornoncurrentassetsdependingontheintentof
managementregardingthetimingoftheireventualsale.Realizedgainsorlossesare
reportedintheincomestatementifanyofthesesecuritiesweresoldduringanyyear
reported.
Investmentsinsecuritiesclassifiedastemporaryinvestmentsarereportedatfair
valuewhenthevalueofaninvestmentfallsbelowitsacquisitioncost. Losseson
temporary investments from using lowerofcostormarket value at the end of the
reportingperiodsareincludedinthedeterminationofincomefortheperiod. These
lossescanbecalculatedontheindividualsecuritiesoronthewholeportfolio.
Onthebalancesheet,anallowancetoreducecosttomarketisusedasacontra
accountunderthetemporaryinvestmentaccount.
Cashoutflowsfromacquiringtheseinvestmentsorinflowsfromsellingthemare
reportedasinvestingactivitiesinthecompanyscomparativecashflowstatements.
Whethertheyarespecificallyidentifiabledependsonthedegreeofdetailthecompany
usesinreportingitscashflows. Informationoninvestingactivitiesassistsinvestors
andcreditorsbyindicatingthedirectionthecompanyisdirectingitsfunds.
Adisclosurenotemayprovideinformationnotavailableinthefinancialstatements,
inpartdependentonhowmuchinformationthefinancialstatementsprovide. Often
the footnote will indicate the cost of the securities, the market value, terms and
condition,interestrisk.

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SolutionsManual,Chapter12 1227
InternationalCase122

As stated in Renaults disclosure note, France, like Canada, uses the equity
method. However,unlikeinCanada,changesinthenetassetsofequitymethod
investeesarenotreportedinnetincome. Instead,theyarereportedinshareholders
equityasanadjustmenttoEquityvaluationsurplus. Someofthechangecomes
fromdividendswhichalsoinCanadaarenotreportedasincome.
Anotherdifferencerelatestononequityinvestments. Thesearevaluedatthe
lowerofcostorfairmarketvalue.InCanada,theyareclassifiedastemporaryorlong
terminvestments. Temporary investmentsarereportedusingLCMand longterm
investmentsindebtarereportedatamortizedcost.

InternetCase123
Answers to the questions will, of course, vary because students will research
financialstatementsofdifferentcompanies.
The responses should identify securities held that are classified as trading
securities,availableforsale,orheldtomaturity.Althoughacompanyisnotrequired
toreportindividualamountsforthetwocategoriesofinvestmentsheldastemporary
orlongterminvestmentsonthefaceofthebalancesheet,thatinformationshould
be presented in the disclosure notes. Investments in securities as temporary
investmentsarereportedusinglowerofcostormarket,andlossesareincludedinthe
determinationofincomefortheperiod.
Theremayalsobegainsorlossesfromthesaleofinvestmentsduringtheyear.
Therealsowilllikelybeinvestmentrevenue(dividendsorinterest)ontheincome
statement.
Thecashflowstatement will reportacquisitionsordisposalsofinvestmentsas
investingactivities.Investmentrevenueisanoperatingactivity.

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Case124
Rickie Corporation sold some of its investments in associated
Requirement 1
companies. ThebalanceintheaccountatDecember31,2004was
$99million. Theshareoflossesinassociatedcompanieswas$12million,which
wouldreducetheinvestmentaccountto$87million. Therefore,Rickiereducedits
investmentsby$9million(atcarryingvalue)during2005.

Notwithoutsomeadditionalinformationorthegrossamountof
Requirement 2
incomefromassociatesbeingdisclosed.

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