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nervous breakdown is one.

A life of

crime is another. The world of drugs is
a third. The search for a father-substi-
tute is a fourth. The discovery of an
escape world such as the Haighl-Ash-
bury hippie community of San Fran-
cisco is a fifth.

Manson Fan*!'
Take the case of Susan Denise Atkins,
21. It was she who blew the whistle on
the Manson group and subsequently in-
formed the police how she and three
other Mansonites had committed the
Sharon Tate murders.

Susan was born in San Gabriel, Calif.,
on May 7,1948. Her father was a con-
struction worker, a sometimes carpen-
ter who drank heavily, was sick with
lung trouble, and had been hospitalized
periodicallyfor alcoholism. Her mother,
Mrs. Jeanne Jett Atkins, originally from
Kansas City, Mo., died of "cancer in
1964 when Sue was 15. A year before
by Lloyd Shearer her death Mrs. Atkins began to drink
excessively and to quarrel frequently
LOS ANGELES, CALIF. with her husband.
ist month when the grand jury here

I indicted a motley group of hippies

— most of them girls — for the
senseless slaughter of film actress
Sharon Tate and six others, the public
became progressively more appalled
and incredulous.
How, people asked, could these
flower-power children whose memor-
able slogan had been—"Make love not
war"—brutally bulcher a group of per-
sons they had never before met, seen,
or knew anything about?
Who was Charles Manson, their
revered leader? What occult magic did
this 35-year-old Pied Piper practice?
What sex rites did he employ to enslave
Charles Manson, who allegedly hyp-
half a dozen women? How did this
small (5 feet 4, 110 pounds), bearded, notized followers to do his bidding.
long-haired cultist, this pitiful little ex-
convict, half of whose life had been The family never had enough money.
spent in jail, allegedly mesmerize his Sue does not recall her father as a good
hippie tribe into executing any order provider. From time to time relatives
he gave, from petty theft to ritualistic had to help out. Sue's older brother,
murder? John, escaped into the U.S. Navy, while
As the horrendous activities of the so- Sue and a younger brother, Steve, lived
called "Manson Family" leaked out, the at home in San Jose, a picturesque
public, especially in Southern Cali- city in California's Santa Clara Valley.
fornia, grew more fearful: "I bet they For a while Sue worked as a waitress
must have killed a hundred . . . It's in the Los Banos Pancake House. She
hard to believe we've had them in our sang in the Baptist church choir. She
midst... I'll never pick up another hip- attended Los Banos High School until
pie so long as I live ... I'd feel safer if the 11th grade. As a teenager she was
we got new locks for the doors and the boy-crazy, and for a time her father
windows." sent her to live with an aunt in Los An-
Nevertheless, people are morbidly geles. But the aunt found Sue uncon-
enthralled by the Manson Family, by the trollable and sent her back toSan Jose.
bizarre behavior and motivations they When Sue's mother died, her paternal
cannot understand. grandmother moved in to look after
They can explain .things. But money was scarce. Her
father lost his job, her mother's medi-
To the psychiatrists and psychologists, cal bills were mountainous. Sue and
however, to the sociologists and the so- her father argued bitterly about almost
cial workers,Charles Milles Manson and everything. The family came apart at
his harem are easily explicable. the seams. One day Sue's father walked
The Manson Family of murderers out, ostensibly looking for a job. When
consists of lost children, homeless, he didn't come back. Sue quit school
loveless, rootless outcasts who could and headed for San Francisco.
Susan Atkins, 21, has turned state's evidence. It was she who unwillingly leaked the not make it in conventional society. For At 17, she was on her own with no
details of the murder of Sharon Tate and six others to a jail mate who then told police such lost souls, bereft of fathers or mother, an estranged father, one
authorities. It was the first break in a case that had baffled them since August. father-figures, what are the choices? A brother in the Navy, another brother in


a foster home. She had no skill, no con- cause she was under 21 she would have going off with Charlie, a traveling min- ter what happened before, and there is
tacts, no money—a young wanderer on to give up her job at the bar. ister. She does not know his last name, no past. She explained that they started
the face of the land, searching for a Sue's father then showed up at the and claims she has known hjm for some on this mission of Charlie's on 11-9-67,
modicum of \yarmth, a molecule of probation department and explained time.
love, a safe harbor. and they traveled to Sacramento, Calif.,
that his daughter needed psychiatric "Charlie has a big yellow bus and and cities en route.
. In San Francisco she got a job hashing help. He said that she had turned her they all live in it. Charlie is in love with "Today they leave for Los Angeles
in Burke'sRestauranton14thandMarket back on her family, that she was drink- all of them, and they all love each and then on to Florida. I told her she
Street. It was there she met a pair of "ing, taking narcotics, and hanging other. When they run -out of money, was not to teave without permission of
ex-convicts, Al Sund Jr. and Clinton around with the Haight-Ashbury hip- people give it to them. Someone gave the Oregon Probation Department, but
Tailoferro, both of whom had freshly pies. He was asked if he would care to Charlie a credit card, and he has identi- I am just as certain she will do as she
stolen a new Buick Riviera from a San commit his daughter to a state institu- fication, so they don't have to worry pleases. She admitted it was sort of a
Leandro parking lot. tion, and he said no. about gas, she claimed. hippie movement. •
"I met Al Sund in mid-August, 1966, He explained further that he had "I pointed out the fact that Charlie "Since she will be on the road, and
in San Francisco," Sue Atkins related, talked to Sue's landlady, who reported did not have the right to use anyone we don't know just where, there seems
"while I was working at Burke's Restau- thai various men had been trying to else's credit card and that this could no need to keep this case open any
rant. He asked 'me to Lake Tahoe just for visit his daughter in her room at odd result in jail for anyone who used it. longer. I feel perhaps Susan needs to be
a fun week with him and Clinton Talio- hours. One time, he said, he had seen This did not disturb her as she said she brought back before the court to see if
ferro. I liked Al right off the bat. They a red-headed beatnik with a knapsack would just have to live through it as her probation should be revoked.
told me they.had a car, and it was leased sleeping on the floor of Sue's room. she did previously. Hopefully, she won't get into further
... I had no reason to think otherwise "She then volunteered the informa- 'difficulties with Charlie and the other
. . . We took off, stopped at Stockton, Tells of fiance
tion that Charlie had spent 17 years in seven girls."
then decided against Tahoe and de- He said that Sue had a fiance' who jail already. She feels that he is a soul,
cided to stay in Stockton for two days... had learned about her delinquent be- as everyone else, that it does not mat-
"I didn't want to leave Al. I was in
havior in Oregon and had broken off
love with him. I just decided to stay their engagement even though he still
with him and go where he went... We loved her.
took off north and kept driving, stop- A few days later, confronted with
ping at some hotel ... I didn't realize her father's allegations, Sue denied
they were stealing the car until after we them vigorously. She admitted that she
were in Oregon. I asked Al how they had a fiance' but explained that she was
were going to pay rent on the car and the one who had broken their engage-
Clint said, 'They're just going to have to ment, "because he drinks on occasion
catch us.' That was when I knew they and, when he does, he whacks me
were stealing it. around and accuses me of being a les-
"We dumped the Riviera, I think in bian and of taking narcotics. I never
Salem, and bought a 1957 Rambler for really loved him, but he stood behind
$65 cash. We ended up camping, the me while I was in jail in Oregon, and I
three of us. The men were presumably thought I could get to love him."
hiding from the police. We got caught She described her father and his
because Clinton told everybody about medical history in unflattering terms,
the stolen car, the guns, and shot his but claimed she was healthy and happy
mouth off. We were arrested by the and was sure she could make it on her
Oregon state police on Sept. 12th, own without getting into any trouble.
1966." After working for a grocer. Sue hired
herself out as a domestic. She worked
Suspended sentence for a Mrs. Greenfielder and a Mr. En-
Two weeks later Sue Atkins pleaded tricken in Muir Beach, lived fora while
guilty to charges of receiving stolen in a cabin.
property and concealing a weapon, On Nov. 6th, 1967, Sue explained in
judge George Jones of the Marion detail to a social worker that she was
County District Court sentenced her to anxious to make dancing her career.
six months in jail. Because she had no She had soured on men, wanted noth-
prior criminal record, however, he ing to do with them. Marriage was of
suspended sentence and placed her on no interest to her, and she felt sure
probation for two years. Her boyfriend that she would never again be inter-
A! Sund was sentenced to two years in ested in any man.
jail, and Talioferro was handed over to
federal authorities for interstate car Change of heart
theft. Less than one week later she saw a
Sue asked the Oregon probation au- probation officer and announced ec-
thorities to let her return to California. statically that she had fallen madly and
She promised to live with her aunt, tempestuously in love with hippie
Mrs. Joy Curry, in Sunnyvale when her leader Charlie (Manson) and was leav-
father told state officials he could not ing the state with him.
provide a home for her. "I informed her," the probation offi-
After a few weeks in Sunnyvale, Sue, cer wrote to Oregon authorities, "that
18, 5 feet 7, a well-built comely young she could not get permission for this
lady, told authorities her aunt had to be move from our department but from
hospitalized and that she was moving the originating agency (in Oregon).
to San Francisco. "I told her to telephone her proba-
There, she got a ]ob as a go-go girl tion officer and discuss her plans since
and waitress at the Guys and Dolls Bar she rejected my counseling on her new
on Geary Street, earning $150 a week. plans. She was advised I did not ap-
She lived in Room 30 at 2162 Market prove of the move. Movie actress Sharon Tale, 26 and 8'/7 months pregnant, pleaded wilh the slayers:
Street, rent: $13.50 a week, and was do- "Susan stated she and seven other "Please let me have my baby." Miss Atkins says she knew (he baby was alive and
ing all right, until she was told that be- girls, two of whom are pregnant, were thought of delivering the child herself, but in the ensuing panic she decided against it.
Photo by Terry O'Neill—C.D.M.
Later, under the complete domina- tionally immature, an easy mark for value in their lives that (hey searcJ
I CONTINUED tion of Manson, she joined other mem- primary brainwashing. She suffers from constantly for some cause or group J
Susan Atkins got into plenty of bers of his "Family" in the brutal mur- debility, dependency, and dread, the organization, someone or something J
trouble. Under the "hypnotic spell," of ders for which they will all probably three "D's" that psychiatrists have make them feel worthy ami desirable 1
little Charlie, she became pregnant by stand trial next month. long pointed to as prerequisites for ar- Once they find such a group — J
him, took the alias of Sadie Glulz, Susan Atkins is typical of the girls dent cult membership. Susan's case it was the Manson Family!
placed her baby, when he arrived, in a and young men who did Manson's bid- She is one of the large army of lost —and discover that it offers no sofu-|
foster home. ding. She is gullible, disturbed, emo- and empty people who have so little of lion to their feeling of inadequacy, |
become frantic.
According to Dr. Gerald Aronson I
clinical professor of psychiatry ail
UCLA, a consultant to the Rand Cof-|
poration on psychiatric approaches to)
problems and a physician who has hadl
extensive experience with hippies and!
hippie-types, "there follows'a peculiar!
operation in the minds of such people.
They deny the shortcomings of their
group. They assert that everything about
it is wonderful and that their leader is
"They cannot stand to tell themselves
the truth," Aronson continues. "Man-
son's followers, for example, could not
afford to realistically assess this ridicu-
lous little guy who had spent most of
his life behind bars, who was relatively
unlearned, unloved, and fil.Ied with tre-
mendous hostility. They could not per-
mit themselves the luxury to judge him
honestly. Because once Ihey permit
doubts to creep into their minds, then
the value of their group starts to crum-
ble and eventually they crumble them-
"Thus, they eventually become
fanatics. Everything connected with
their group is good, everything outside
their group is bad. Once you have es-
tablished that belief, everything be-
comes permissible, murder included.
There is an idealization of your group
and the denigration of the other. The
whole world becomes polarized."
Dr. Aronson maintains that hippie-
leader Charles Manson did not have to
practice hypnotism or post-hypnotic
suggestions on his subjects.
"If Susan Atkins, Linda Kasabian, Pa-
tricia Krenwinkel, Charles Watson, and
the others," he asserts, "did not do
what Manson offered or suggested,


they would feel themselves disconr
nected from everything which hereto-
fore had given them a sense of value, a
Drive east from Monterey Bay. You'll know when you're feeling of worth, a pleasure of belong-
it going great. Be sure to use the other great parts of ing. Thai's why they carried out his
there. It's the fine wine country of California. Where the country —Genuine General Motors Parts — if you orders. They dared not chance what
the days are dry and sunny. The evenings, fresh and ever need replacements. would happen within themselves if they
cool. Where it rains just enough. And the soil is friendly
said no."
to the vines that climb over high, gently rolling hills. Wherever you drive, always ask for Genuine General
It compares with the finest wine country in Europe. And Motors Parts — the replacement parts labeled GM, United An authority's view
its people lovingly produce the American table wines Delco and AC. They're made like the originals to help
Dr. Ernest Hilgard of Stanford Univer-
and champagnes that rival some of Europe's best. restore top performance. And they're available at
sity, who has placed more than 1000
California's wine grape region. Its gentle climate, GM dealers, Independent garages and service
stations everywhere. students in hypnosis and is an authoritj
lush scenery and colorful people make it one of the great on that therapy, says that generally ni
parts of the country. If you go there in a GM car, keep one will perform in a trance a deed]
Chevrolet- Pontiac • Oldsmobile • Buick • Cadillac • Ope!
which he considers strongly anti-social
or "which rubs him the wrong way."
There are exceptions, he grants, "but
trust in the hypnotist is what makes for
a most compliant subject."
Charles Manson is not a hypnotist.
He is a (iny man who found the hippie-
© land of llaight Ashbury a garden of lost
female souls to be plucked for the ask-
mate jrfce pudding if5 Betty Crocker introduces
btMity one George liked? what Geoige likes.

. ; T;^ _, ; ' : Til now, you needed all these ingredients, a lot of effort and stirring time to get a rice pudding he'd go for.
"^ ;' v '7 ; Now all you need is New Betty Crocker Rice Pudding. The Ready-to-Serve Rice Pudding with rich
' • '•...::'':• taste, creamy texture, fluffy rice ;and lots of it. More than delicious. Try some on your George tonight.

Unwanted from the day of .his birth Los Angeles where he was sure success
in Cincinnati on Nov. 11, 1934, con- would come to him as a composer-
ceived by a prostitute and an unknown guitarist. He struck up friendships with
father, farmed out first to relatives in Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys, with
McMechen, W. Va., then to other foster Terry Melcher, Doris Day's son who
homes, Charles Manson was a child of lived in the Benedict Canyon house
adversity. Sharon Tate was Inter to rent, and with
Lonely and hostile GaryHinman,a musician who let Charlie
and his family move into his Malibu
Semi-abandoned by a drinking pad. Last July, according to Susan Atkins,
mother, he tried to survive on his own they murdered Hinman because he had
by working as a Western Union mes- aroused Charlie's anger.
senger boy and stealing from groceries. Eventually rebuffed by figures in the
He never had a chance. Sent to a variety music world he had counted on, con-
of correctional and charily schools— vinced that they were part and parcel
Gibault School for Boys in Terre Haute, of life's conspiracy against him, Manson
Ind., Boys School in Plainfield, Ind., Boys detonated his prison-pent hostility. He
Town rn Nebraska, the National Train- Charles D. Walson as shown in his Texas high school yearbook in 1964, and
as he is at 24 as a "Manson Family" member under arrest in the mass-murders. ordered his followers to murder indis-
ing School for Boys in Washington, D.C. criminately people with the status sym-
— he spent 13 of his first 25 years in bols of wealth—a big house, a large car,
either reformatories or prisons, learned prison in San Pedro, Calif., where his into a converted school bus with him. a boat.
no skill, no trade. parole applications had been turned There, he sang, lectured, played the Allegedly Charles "Tex" Watson,
Small, thin, perceptive and intelli- down four times, Manson evolved for guitar, and made love to them in long- former high school honor student and
gent (I.Q. 114), he managed to hide his himself and later for his followers, a lasting, pleasurable sex sessions, "giv- star athlete from McKinney, Tex., age
loneliness and hostility with a strange, personal philosophy which completely ing off lots of magic." It was there, too, 24; Patricia Kremvinkel, 22, of Ingle-
ingratiating sinile. It was purely cunning and conveniently obliterated the past. that these girls became subservient and wood, Calif.; Linda Kasabian, 20, of Mil-
and defensive. In his mind he grew to "According to Charlie," one of his obedient to his every whim, agreeing ford, N.H.; Susan Atkins,21,of San lose,
hate the world and his personal fate. disciples explained to me, "there is no that he was "God, Jesus, Satan," or Calif., and Leslie Van Houghto'n/19 (first
In 1954, in between prisons, he re- past. We are all free souls, living and whatever he chose to call himself at the identified as ^eslie Sankslon),performed
turned to West Virginia. There, early in loving from day to day." time. In Charlie Manson, the little guru, their master's bidding.
January of 1955, he married Rosalie Jean Free of prison, Manson bummed these young women found what they Along with Manson, these rejects who
Willis. She bore him a son, then quickly north to San Francisco. In hippie coun- had long been seeking—a father-image became outcasts will undoubtedly,
divorced him. He learned about both try, he passed himself off as a traveling to love, serve, protect, cherish, and re- when their case comes to trial, plead
events while he was in a federal prison, minister and a wandering minstrel. spect. He promised them no less, and "diminished responsibility." In other,
serving time tor transporting stolen cars. Quickly he collected a harem of lost, they believed him. more primitive societies, their parents
In 1967. released from the federal naive, young women who moved He led them south to the environs of would stand trial, too.