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Mine Safety and Health Administration
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Program Policy Manual
VOLUME IV METAL AND NONMETAL MINES
INTERPRETATION, APPLICATION AND GUIDELIN ON ENFORCEMENT OF 30 CFR
56/57.12019 Suitable Clearance Around Stationary Electrical Equipment This standard requires that where access is necessary, suitable clearance shall be provided at station gear. The intention of this standard is to provide sufficient access and working space around such el safety and to avoid contact by persons with electrical components.
The standard is intended to apply to the many and varied situations that do or will exist on mine pro considered in determining “suitable clearance” are voltages and conductors (including size), insulati working space, direction of access to electrical components, potential exposure to live or exposed el live parts.
The current editions of the National Electrical Code and the National Electrical Safety Code may be “suitable clearance.” The provisions of the National Electrical Code for safe work clearances around Article 110 (“Requirements for Electrical Installations”) and Article 710 (“Over 600 Volts, Nomina Electrical Safety Code contains two sections that may be of assistance: Section 11 (“Protective Arra Stations”) and Section 12 (“Protective Arrangements of Equipment”). The National Electrical Code Fire Protection Association, 470 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02210. The National Elec ANSI-C2) may be obtained from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., National Street, New York, New York 10017.
if persons do trav standard 56/57.the conductors connecting the grounding electrode to the e 3. because of the increased hazard presented b or platforms should be used where shock hazards exist. at normally dry and well kept indoor installations (substation or switch.the conductors used to connect the metal frames or encl grounding electrode conductor.12020 Protection of Persons at Switchgear This standard requires that dry wooden platforms. These accident could have been preve maintenance of grounding systems. Metal enclosures are well grounded if two or more wire. insulating mats. or other electrically nonconducti switchboards and power-control switches where shock hazards exist. Grounding systems typically include the following: 1. or cable armor.12028 Testing Grounding Systems This intent of this standard is to ensure that continuity and resistance tests of grounding systems are These tests will alert the mine operator if a problem exists in the grounding system which may not a quickly operate when faults occur. High voltage (more than 650 volts) switchgear should be completely enclosed in grounded m grounded operating handles and grounded metal plates. numerous fatalities and resistance or lack of continuity in equipment ground systems. Operators shall conduct the following tests: . rigid steel conduit. With the exception of fixed installations. and where physical conditions (wet. 56/57. 2. grounding electrode conductor . However. grounding electrodes . equipment grounding conductors . grounded building steel. to provide a low resistance earth connection. which has exposed energized parts should have insulating platfor 1. Any combination of these exampl good paths to ground for fault current would eliminate the need for insulating mats at power switche 2. 56/57. regardless of voltage rating. Low voltage (650 volts or less) switchgear which is completely enclosed in metal enclosures hazard if the metal enclosures are well grounded.Areas around stationary electrical equipment or switch gear should be restricted to authorized perso equipment should not be allowed unless no other travelway is available. However. damp.gear) w mats or platforms would not provide additional protection. 3.11001 requires that a safe means of access be provided. which has exposed energized parts s mat with an insulation rating not less than the phase-to-phase voltage of the circuit. regardless of voltage.usually driven rods connected to each other by suitable means. a their use. However. metal. non-current-carrying parts of the power Switchgear. burie located at the source. metal plates on whic which are kept at the same potential as the grounded. The older type switchgear.
1. Grounding electrode conductor . and 3. raceways. A citation for a violation of this standard should not be issued until the end of the third working shif broken bond is discovered. 2. Testing of equipment grounding conductors and grounding electrode conductors is not required if a to continuously monitor the grounding circuit and which will cause the circuit protective devices to continuity is broken.. or m Conductors in fixed installations. telephon insulation is not required between powerlines and waterlines.12082 Isolation of Powerlines This standard requires that powerlines shall be well separated or insulated from waterlines. flexing or corrosive environments. flexing or corrosive environments. and rails shall be cros track serves as a return trolley circuit. The bonding (or welding) of the rails shall be completed before any new installation of track is plac In a new area of the mine or major track installation. is in its original condition. A citation shall not be is within this period of time. .12042 Track Bonding This standard requires that both rails shall be bonded or welded at every joint.continuity and resistance must be tested immediately af and annually if conductors are subjected to vibration. if a broken bond is discovered issued at the end of the next day shift if the broken bond is still unrepaired. When operators elect to conduct this visual examination as a method of compliance with 30 CF that a record be maintained of the most recent annual visual examination. Equipment grounding conductors .continuity and resistance must be tested immediately after and annually if conductors are subjected to vibration. assuming a three shift operation. and air lines if the ins by the manufacturer. When rails are moved. 56/57. th flexing or corrosive environments may be examined annually by visual observation to check for dam test. such as rigid conduit.resistance must be tested immediately after installation. armored cable. This requirement does not apply to double insulated tools or c circuit interrupters that trip a 5 milli-amperes or less. A record of the most recent resistance tests conducted must be kept and made available to the Secre upon request. When a record of testing is required by the standard. cable trays. replaced or broken bonds are discover working shifts. and cords that supply power to tools and tested as prescribed in the regulation. power cables. The grounding conductors in trailing cables. etc. telephone lines. That is. Grounding electrodes . repair. 57. the bonding of both rails shall be completed in the laying of rail lengths. MSHA intends that the test resul ohms.
if such ve property (e.13015(b) Records of Inspections of Compressed Air Receivers and Other Unfired Pressu Section (b) of standard 56/57. 56/57. they must be vulcanized or of an equivale other signs of cable abuse must be repaired in order to eliminate the possibility of “electrical trackin qualities of the splice or repair approximate the original dielectric quality provided by the manufactu 57.14100 Safety Defects: Examination. This standard will not be cited when an audible warning device has been installed on heavy duty mo . and pick-up trucks that are used at mine sites and remain on mine property. The recordkeeping requirement may be satisfied by an operator’s written statement that the inspecti accordance with the incorporated code. without regard time of inspection.. and Records This standard applies to all off-road and on-road self-propelled equipment used on mine property. ”Branch circuit” means that portion of a wiring system extending beyond the final overcurrent devic any circuit ahead of the branch circuit is considered a primary circuit. MSHA will accept such a certifying statement annually.13030(c) Records of Inspections and Repairs of Boilers Section (c) of standard 56/57.When powerlines are found to be in contact with water. In most insta used to transport persons between locations off mine property to mine property. 56/57.12084 Branch Circuit Disconnecting Devices This standard requires that disconnecting switches that can be opened safely under load shall be pro circuits extending from primary power circuits near shafts. or air lines. Correction. however. from the gate to various sites at the mine). in suburbans.13030 requires that records of inspection and repairs be retained by th requirements of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code and the National Board Inspection Cod retention time) and shall be made available to the Secretary or his authorized representative.13021 High Pressure Hose Connections This standard requires the use of safety chains or other suitable locking devices at certain high-press connections. MSHA will accept such a certifying statement annually.g. telephone. a careful check must insulation of the entire cable. If the cable contains splices. Quick-coupling connectors are considered to be in compliance with this standard witho devices if the wire used to hold the connectors is actually in use. adits.13015 requires that records of inspections made by inspectors holding shall be retained by the mine operator in accordance with the requirements of the National Board In limit on retention time) and shall be made available to the Secretary or his authorized representative The recordkeeping requirement may be satisfied by an operator’s written statement that the inspecti with the incorporated code. levels and boreholes. then such equipment must be inspected. wit available at the time of inspection. Subpart L Compressed Air and Boilers 56/57. Subpart M Machinery and Equipment 56/57.
14101(a)( equipment. or conveyor take-up pulleys. 56/57. Standard . 56/57.14101(a)(1) or (2).14101(a) Brakes/Minimum Requirements Subsection (a) is divided into three parts.14101(a)(3) should be cited if a component or portion of any braking system on the functional condition even though the braking system is in compliance with (1) and/or (2) above. Conveyor belt rollers are not to be construed as “similar exposed moving machine parts” under the s absence of guards and violation of this standard where skirt boards exist along the belt.14101(a)(1) and 56/57. In some cases. instal the required protection.surface operations of underground mines.14100 can inoperable or inaudible and the defect can be shown to affect the safety of workers in the area. both sides must meet the requirements outlined .14101(a)(2) should be cited if the parking brakes are not capable of holding the equi maximum grade it travels. as referred to in this standard. bring the hazard to the attention of the mine operators. The use of chains to rail off walkways and travelways near moving machine warning signs in lieu of guards. and distracting work assignments shall be considered at the time. 56/57. whether it is elevated or at ground level. Surro areas. Part (2) sets a minimum performance standard for parking brakes Part (3) sets a maintenance standard for all braking systems on self-propelled mobile equipment. conveyor-tail. 56/57. is a regular travelway immediately adjacent to the conve both sides. Separate citations or orders should be issued if violations of 56/57. and the device is not operational for whatever reason. However.14101(a)(1) should be cited if a service brake system is not capable of stopping and load on the maximum grade it travels. It i or portion of either system renders the equipment incapable of stopping or holding itself with its typ travels. should be cited. mine operators have installed audible reverse alarms on underground equipment beca dictated the need for a warning device to ensure miner safety. but is inoperative because of electrical or mechanical defe Standard . the appropriate standard.14109 Unguarded Conveyors With Adjacent Travelways A travelway. is not in compliance with this standard. and recommend appropriate safegu This standard is to be cited when a guard at conveyor locations does not extend a distance sufficient accidentally getting behind the guard and becoming caught. In this instance. in potential. or in those instances when there is no g head.14132 shall be used when the equipment has not been equipped with audible warning dev equipped. Standard 56/57. Standard 56/57. Part (1) of this subsection sets a minimum performance sta self-propelled mobile equipment. Standard 56/57.14107 Moving Machine Parts All moving parts identified under this standard are to be guarded with adequately constructed.
a guard must be provided along the full leng and the travelway. 4. Examples of such efforts may include: 1.14131 Providing. A substantial handrail on the belt side of the travelway can be acceptable provided that it The primary consideration in installing an emergency stop device or cord is to protect the person on doubly beneficial if it can be installed so that an individual on the belt can also reach it. evidence that the equipment operators are instructed on the mandatory use of seat belts. maintain. Negligence: The failure to provide seat belts as required by the regulations may be considered highl for a 104(d) citation/order in the absence of mitigating circumstances. If. Without mitigating circumstances. Failure to maintain seat belts in functional condition may be considered less negligent than the failu Some factors that could increase the degree of negligence are if the defect has been reported on a pr obvious. regular observation by supervisors to determine whether seat belts are being worn. The types of violations that meet the requirements for special assessments are: . 2. the mine operator’s conduct indicated an effort to have seat belts be less than high. or the defect has existed for a long period of time. maintain. or wear seat belts sh assessment.14130 and 56/57. Guards or railings shall be constructed or placed to make all moving parts of the conveyor inaccessi travelway. or wear seat belts.When emergency stop devices or cords are not present. maintain. The conveyor installation or framework also cannot be considered an allowable g the standard railing height of 42 inches. Special Assessment: All citations/orders issued for failure to provide. Gravity: The failure to provide. 3. district managers shall carefully co citations and orders issued for the failure to provide. 56/57. the gravity evaluation of rea fatal would usually be justified. The examination of seat belts for defects Negligence for failure to wear seat belts should be determined by the extent of the mine operator’s e requirement. and the development and implementation of a job safety analysis program to reinforce task traini If the mine operator does not make any effort to ensure that seat belts are worn. and Wearing Seat Belts In an effort to reduce the severity of powered haulage accidents. the negligence wou would be appropriate. Maintaining. corrective action taken by supervisors when seat belts are not being worn. however. or wear seat belts is a serious safety hazard and under mo significant and substantial violation.
or a system designed to f start-up system of the conveyor. or track-mounted equipment capable of moving itself. The duration of the audible warning shall be long enoug by an activated conveyor system to move to safety. skid-mounted.propelled mobile equipment reference wheeled. It may be considered “positive” and in compliance with the standard provided the sys persons prior to the time the conveyor will be started. violations cited as contributing to a serious injury or fatality. violations cited as an unwarrantable failure. An automatic conveyor alarm system.1. or violations evaluated as having extraordinarily high gravity (highly likely and fatal). This standard has been uniformly interpreted by MSHA. 4. This does not mean that a separate horn or simil conveyor. This standard should that was provided on the equipment as a safety feature is not functional. it is recommended that an audible warning system (horn) be used th bright sunlight or other well-lighted places. or the overall effectiveness of the audible warning sy effective at each and every conveyor in the system. Operators should be instructed to assure that p conveyor or conveyor system. violations cited as an imminent danger. Although the standard specifies either an audible or visible warning system. visual warnings in brig are ineffective. but it does mean that the warning must be positive and effective for each conveyor or seri down or started independently within the system. is more effective in eliminating human error at the time of a convey A manual conveyor alarm system is one which actuates an audible alarm by an independent switch the conveyor. Particular attention must be given to the scope. wheel-mounted bell alarms and discriminating backup alarms. Standard 56/57. . 2. 56/57. and its predecessor organizations. This includes manually-ope activated signal alarms. For this reason. t conveyor alarm systems as long as these systems are effected at each conveyor or series of conveyo and many mine operators believe that an automatic warning and start-up system is more effective th should be the system of preference. 3.14132(b)(2) must be cited if an observer is not present and a backup alarm system is provided (functional) but is not audible above the surrounding noise level. The self.14132(b) pertains only to self-propelled mobile equipment where the operator has a backup alarm system is only required when there is an obstructed view to the rear and an observer h 56/57.14201 Conveyor Start-Up Warning This standard requires that no conveyor is started unless the person starting it is certain that all perso visible warning system is required to provide necessary flexibility to accommodate different mining nation.14132(a) and (b) Horns and Backup Alarms For Surface Equipment Standard 56/57. 56/57.14132(a) sets a maintenance standard for manually operated horns or other audible w safety features on self-propelled mobile equipment.14132(b)(1) must be cited if an observer is not present and a backup alarm system is not prov 56/57.
other than rotation resistant ropes. These products both absorb and neutralize hazardous chemicals. MSHA recommends that all conveyor systems have a positive audible o they are visible from the start-up switch. and that water or neutralizing agents shall be available where corrosive chemicals or handled or used.This standard specifically exempts those conveyor systems visible from the start-up switch from the warning system. all running ropes. Neutralizing agents sh treatment and cleanup of corrosive chemical spillage or leakage. or used. and Physical Agents. use of an anti-two-block device with automatic shutdown capabilities that will prevent break event of a two-block condition (a horn or light warning in lieu of automatic shutdown is not sufficie 2.14211 can also be achieved by mine operators if the following four safety fe personnel with cranes: 1. or from raised portions of mobile equipment until the equipment has been blocked or mechanically secured. including eye w “deluge” showers. Spill-control products are commerc chemical substances.” MSHA strongly recommends that miners avoid working near or on cranes unless there is no other m other means creates a greater hazard.14211 prohibit persons from working on. handled. rotation-resistant ropes must have a safety factor of at least 10.15001 First Aid Materials This standard requires that adequate first-aid materials. 3. the cranes used to hoist personnel must be equipped for and operated with controlled load lo being operated in “free fall. 56/57.14211 Blocking Equipment in Raised Position Standards 56/57. thereby reducing the hazard to wor . and 4. 56/57. under. The standards specificall components to prevent a “free and uncontrolled descent” in the event of a sudden failure of the syste Hydraulic telescoping boom cranes with flow restrictions or check valves in the hydraulic system w descent of the boom and attached work platform. The purpose of this mandatory standard is to ensure that adequate first-aid materials. but a constant warm water supply for long-term flushing) and other neutralizing corrosive chemicals or other harmful substances are stored. Compliance with 56/57.14213 Ventilation for Welding See Subpart D. must have a safety factor of at least 7. shall be pr working areas. Radiation. However. including stretchers and blankets. Subpart N Personal Protection 56/57. Air Quality.
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