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Indian Motor Cycle


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Bajaj Auto 1
Hero Honda 4
Royal Enfield Motors 7
TVS Motors 11
LML 14
Kinetic Motor Company 15
Hero Motors 16
Ideal Jawa 17

Article Sources and Contributors 20
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 21

Article Licenses
License 22
Bajaj Auto 1

Bajaj Auto

Type Public

Founded 1945

Headquarters Pune, Maharashtra, India

Key people Rahul Bajaj (Chairman), Rajiv Bajaj (Managing Director)

Revenue Rs. 81.063 billion (2005) or USD 1.32 billion

Net income Rs. 11.016 billion

Employees 10,250 (2006-07)

Website [1]

Bajaj Auto is a major Indian automobile manufacturer started by a Rajasthani merchant. It is based in Pune,
Maharashtra, with plants in Chakan (Pune), Waluj (near Aurangabad) and Pantnagar in Uttaranchal. The oldest plant
at Akurdi (Pune) now houses the R&D centre Ahead. Bajaj Auto makes and exports motorscooters, motorcycles and
the auto rickshaw.
The Forbes Global 2000 list for the year 2005 ranked Bajaj Auto at 1946.[2]
Over the last decade, the company has successfully changed its image from a scooter manufacturer to a two wheeler
manufacturer. Its product range encompasses scooterettes, scooters and motorcycles. Its real growth in numbers has
come in the last four years after successful introduction of a few models in the motorcycle segment.
The company is headed by Rahul Bajaj who is worth more than US$1.5 billion.[3]
Bajaj Auto came into existence on November 29, 1945 as M/s Bachraj Trading Corporation Private Limited. It
started off by selling imported two- and three-wheelers in India. In 1959, it obtained license from the Government of
India to manufacture two- and three-wheelers and it went public in 1960. In 1970, it rolled out its 100,000th vehicle.
In 1977, it managed to produce and sell 100,000 vehicles in a single financial year. In 1985, it started producing at
Waluj near Aurangabad. In 1986, it managed to produce and sell 500,000 vehicles in a single financial year. In 1995,
it rolled out its ten millionth vehicle and produced and sold 1 million vehicles in a year.
According to the authors of Globality: Competing with Everyone from Everywhere for Everything, Bajaj has grown
operations in 50 countries by creating a line of value-for-money bikes targeted to the different preferences of
entry-level buyers.[4]

Timeline of new releases

1960-1970 - Vespa 150 - Under the licence of Piaggio of Italy
1971 - three-wheeler goods carrier
1972 - Bajaj Chetak
1976 - Bajaj Super
1977 - Bajaj Priya
1977 - Rear engine Autorickshaw
1981 - Bajaj M-50
1986 - Bajaj M-80, Kawasaki Bajaj KB100, Kawasaki Bajaj KB125,
1990 - Bajaj Sunny
1991 - Kawasaki Bajaj 4S Champion
Bajaj Auto 2

1994 - Bajaj Classic

1995 - Bajaj Super Excel
1997 - Kawasaki Bajaj Boxer, Rear Engine Diesel Autorickshaw
1998 - Kawasaki Bajaj Caliber, Bajaj Legend, India's first four-stroke scooter, Bajaj Spirit
2000 - Bajaj Saffire
2001 - Eliminator, Bajaj Pulsar
2003 - Caliber115, Bajaj Wind 125, Bajaj Pulsar
2004 - Bajaj CT 100, New Bajaj Chetak 4-stroke with Wonder Gear, Bajaj Discover DTS-i
2005 - Bajaj Wave, Bajaj Avenger, Bajaj Discover
2006 - Bajaj Platina
2007 - Bajaj Pulsar-200 (Oil Cooled), Bajaj Kristal, Bajaj Pulsar 220 DTS-Fi (Fuel Injection) , XCD 125 DTS-Si
2008 - Bajaj Discover 135 DTS-i - sport (Upgrade of existing 135cc model)
2009 - Bajaj Pulsar 135(December 9)[5] (January) Bajaj XCD 135cc , Bajaj Pulsar 150 DTS-i UG IV, Bajaj
Pulsar 180 DTS-i UG IV, Bajaj Pulsar 220 DTS-i , Bajaj Discover 100 DTS-Si.

Spinoffs and acquisitions

The demerger of Bajaj Auto Ltd into three separate corporate entitiesBajaj Finserv Ltd (BFL), Bajaj Auto Ltd
(BAL), and Bajaj Holdings and Investment Ltd (BHIL)was completed with the shares listing on May 26, 2008.[6]
In November 2007, Bajaj Auto acquired 14.5% stake in KTM Power Sports AG (holding company of KTM
Sportmotocycles AG). The two companies have signed a cooperation deal, by which KTM will provide the
know-how for joint development of the water-cooled four-stroke 125 and 250cc engines, and Bajaj will take over
the distribution of KTM products in India and some other Southeast Asian nations.[7] Bajaj said it is open to taking a
majority stake in KTM and is also looking at other takeover opportunities. On the 8th of January 2008, Managing
Director Rajiv Bajaj confirmed the collaboration and announced his intention to gradually increase Bajaj's stake in
KTM to 25%.[8]

Bajaj has made a number of motorcycles, scooters and cars. Motorcycles in current production are the XCD, Platina,
Discover, Pulsar and Avenger. Cars include the Bajaj ULC ultra-low-cost car.

Low cost cars

Bajaj Auto says its $2,500 car, which it is building with Renault and Nissan Motor, will aim at a fuel-efficiency of
30km/litre, or twice an average small car, and carbon dioxide emissions of 100 gm/km.[9] . The car is scheduled to
be launched in 2012.[10]
It is a Tata Nano competitor. The Bajaj venture will have an initial capacity of 400,000 units, while Tata expects
eventual demand of 1 million Nanos.
Bajaj Auto 3

External links
Bajaj Auto Ltd [11]
Tata rival bullish about Nano [12], BBC, 2008-06-05, chairman Rahul Bajaj speaks to BBC's Chris Morris about

[1] http:/ / www. bajajauto. com
[2] The Forbes 2000 by Country (http:/ / www. forbes. com/ lists/ 2006/ 18/ 06f2000_The-Forbes-2000_Counrty_5. html)
[3] "India's Richest - #20 Rahul Bajaj" (http:/ / www. forbes. com/ lists/ 2005/ 77/ Q12C. html). Forbes. . Retrieved 2008-12-09.
[4] Sirkin, Harold L; James W. Hemerling, and Arindam K. Bhattacharya (2008-06-11). GLOBALITY: Competing with Everyone from
Everywhere for Everything. (http:/ / www. bcg. com/ globality) New York: Business Plus, 304. ISBN 0-446-17829-2.
[5] (http:/ / goodbyetraffic. in/ )
[6] "Bajaj Auto demerger complete" (http:/ / economictimes. indiatimes. com/ Features/ The_Sunday_ET/ Corporate/
Bajaj_Auto_demerger_is_complete/ articleshow/ 3069396. cms). The Economic Times. . Retrieved 2009-05-21.
[7] "Bajaj Auto takes 14.5% stake in KTM Sports" (http:/ / www. business-standard. com/ common/ storypage_c_online. php?leftnm=11&
bKeyFlag=IN& autono=29745). 2007-11-05. . Retrieved 2007-12-03.
[8] Rina Chandran (2008-01-10). "Bajaj to develop bikes with partner KTM". Reuters India.
[9] ENN: How green is my low-cost car? India revs up debate (http:/ / www. enn. com/ sci-tech/ article/ 37437)
[10] (http:/ / www. timesofindia. zigwheels. com/ News/ Bajaj-small-car-may-cost-Rs-11-lakh/ Bajaj_20100526-1-1)
[11] http:/ / www. bajajauto. com/
[12] http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ business/ 7431968. stm
Hero Honda 4

Hero Honda

Type [1]
Public company BSE: HEROHONDA M

Industry Automotive

Founded January 19, 1984 in Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Headquarters New Delhi, India

Key people Brijmohan Lal Munjal (chair and founder)

Toshiaki Nakagawa (joint managing director)
Pawan Munjal (Managing Director & CEO)

Products Motorcycles, Scooters

Revenue U$ 2.8 billion

Website [3]

Hero Honda Motors Limited has been the largest two wheeler company in the world for eight consecutive years.
The company had a market share of 41.35% in the year 2008-2009 and over a 25 year span it has crossed the 15
million unit milestone. Hero Honda sells more two wheelers than the second, third and fourth placed two-wheeler
companies put together.[4]
Hero Honda, based in Delhi, India is a joint venture between the Hero Group of India and Honda of Japan.[5] It has
been referred to as the world's biggest manufacturer of 2-wheeled motorized vehicles since 2001, when it produced
1.3 million motorbikes in a single year. During the fiscal year 2008-09, the company has sold 3.28 million bikes and
the net profit of the company stood at Rs. 1281.7 crore, up 32% from the previous fiscal year.[5]
The company's most popular model is the Hero Honda's Splendor, which is the world's largest-selling motorcycle,
selling more than one million units per year.[6]

Company profile
Hero is the brand name used by the Munjal brothers for their flagship company Hero Cycles Ltd. A joint venture
between the Hero Group and Honda Motor Company was established in 1984 as the Hero Honda company,India.
During the 1980s, the company introduced motorcycles that were popular in India for their fuel economy and low
cost. A popular advertising campaign based on the slogan 'Fill it - Shut it - Forget it' that emphasised the
motorcycle's fuel efficiency helped the company grow at a double-digit pace since inception.
Hero Honda has three manufacturing facilities based at Dharuhera and Gurgaon in Haryana and at Haridwar in
Uttarakhand. These plants together are capable of churning out 3.9 million bikes per year. Hero Honda's has a large
sales and service network with over 3,000 dealerships and service points across India. Hero Honda's customer
loyalty program, the Hero Honda Passport Program, claims to be one of the largest programs of its kind in the world
with over 3 million members.
The 2006 Forbes 200 Most Respected companies list has Hero Honda Motors ranked at 108.[7]
Hero Honda 5

India became the second largest two wheeler manufacturer in the world and starting in the 1950s with the
Automobile Products of India (API) that manufactured the Lambrettas and Bajaj Auto Ltd. with its association with
Piaggio of Italy (manufacturer of Vespa scooters) as the largest manufacturers within the country.
The license raj that existed between the 1940s to 1980s in India did not allow foreign companies to enter the market
and imports were tightly controlled. This regulatory maze, before the economic liberalization, made business easier
for local players to have a sellers market. Customers in India were forced to wait up to 12 years to buy a scooter
from Bajaj. The CEO of Bajaj commented that he did not need a marketing department, only a dispatch department.
By the year 1990, Bajaj had a waiting list that was twenty-six times its annual output for scooters.
The motorcycle segment had the same long wait times with three manufacturers: Royal Enfield, Ideal Jawa, and
Escorts. Royal Enfield made a 350cc Bullet with the only four-stroke engine at that time and took the higher end of
the market but there was little competition for their customers. Ideal Jawa and Escorts took the middle and lower end
of the market respectively.
In the mid-1980s, the Indian government regulations changed and permitted foreign companies to enter the Indian
market through minority joint ventures. The two-wheeler market changed with four Indo-Japanese joint ventures:
Hero Honda, TVS Suzuki, Bajaj Kawasaki and Kinetic Motor Company (Kinetic Honda). The entry of these foreign
companies changed the Indian market dynamics from the supply side to the demand side. With a larger selection of
two-wheelers on the Indian market, consumers started to gain influence over the products they bought and raised
higher customer expectations. The industry produced more models, styling options, prices, and different fuel
efficiencies. The foreign companies new technologies helped make the products more reliable and with better
quality. Indian companies had to change to keep up with their global counterparts.

The Group Chairman, Mr. Brij Mohan Lall Munjal has actively looked at diversification. A considerable level of
vertical integration in its manufacturing activities has been present in the Group's growth and led to the establishment
of the Hero Cycles Cold Rolling Division, Munjal and Sunbeam Castings, Munjal Auto Components and Munjal
Showa Limited amongst other component-manufacturing units.
Expansion into the automotive segment started with the setting up of Majestic Auto Limited, where the first moped
designed entirely in India, Hero Majestic, went into commercial production in 1978. Hero Motors, in collaboration
with Steyr Daimler Puch of Austria introduced the which introduced another moped, the Hero Puch, in 1980. Hero
Honda Motors was established in 1984 to manufacture 100cc motorcycles.
The Hero Group also plans to expand into other segments like exports, financial services, information technology,
insurance and telecommunication.

List of models
Ambition 133, Ambition 135
CBZ, CBZ Star, CBZ Xtreme
CD 100, CD 100 SS, CD Dawn, CD Deluxe, CD Deluxe (Self Start)
Glamour, Glamour F.I
Karizma, Karizma R, Karizma ZMR FI
Passion, Passion+, Passion Pro
Hero Honda 6

Splendor, Splendor+, Splendor+ (Limited Edition), Super Splendor, Splendor NXG
CBF 150 (Honda Unicorn)

List of endorsements to sportsmen

Virender Sehwag
Sourav Ganguly (previously sponsored)
Yuvraj Singh (previously sponsored)
Main sponsor of FIH Hockey World Cup.

External links
Hero Honda Webpage [3]
Motorcycles in India [8] at the Open Directory Project

[1] http:/ / www. bseindia. com/ price_finder/ stockreach. asp?scripcd=500182
[2] "Board of Directors" (http:/ / www. herohonda. com/ co_board_directors. htm). Hero Honda. . Retrieved 2009-10-15.
[3] http:/ / www. herohonda. com
[4] "Automobile Industry India" (http:/ / imaginmor. com/ automobileindustryindia. html). Imagin Mor Pty Ltd. .
[5] Share Manthan : http:/ / www. sharemanthan. in/ index. php/ indian-companies/ 49-auto/ 2150-hero-honda
[6] "Every Village, Every Home". Forbes 183 (12): p.80. June 2008. ISSN0015-6914.
[7] Forbes, none. "World's most reputed companies (pg.3, rank101 to 150)" (http:/ / www. forbes. com/ business/ 2006/ 11/ 20/
leadership-companies-reputation-lead-managing-cx_hc_1120rep_list_3. html). . Retrieved 2007-07-08.
[8] http:/ / search. dmoz. org/ cgi-bin/ search?search=motorcycles& all=no& cs=UTF-8& cat=Regional%2FAsia%2FIndia
Royal Enfield Motors 7

Royal Enfield Motors

Type Subsidiary

Industry Motorcycle

Founded 1955 as Enfield India

Headquarters Chennai, India

Products Motorcycles

Parent Eicher Motors


Royal Enfield Motors is a motorcycle manufacturing company based in Chennai, India.

Royal Enfield motorcycles made in England were being sold in India from 1949. In 1955, the Indian government
looked for a suitable motorcycle for its police and army, for patrolling the country's border. The Bullet was chosen as
the most suitable bike for the job. The Indian government ordered 800 350cc model Bullets.[2]
In 1955, the Redditch company partnered with Madras Motors in India to form 'Enfield India' to assemble, under
licence, the 350cc Royal Enfield Bullet motorcycle in Madras (now called Chennai). The first machines were
assembled entirely from components shipped from England. In 1957, the tooling was sold to Enfield India so that
they could manufacture components. By 1962, all components were made in India. The Indian Enfield uses the 1960
engine (with metric bearing sizes), in the pre-1956 design frame.
An independent manufacturer since the demise of Royal Enfield in England, Enfield India still makes an essentially
similar bike in 350cc and 500cc forms today, along with several different models for different market segments.[3]
In 1986, UK civil servant Raja Narayan returned to India and organised an export arm for the company to market the
Bullet in England. Starting with a Bullet 350 in 1986, he was soon giving feedback that led to improvements. By
1989, the Enfield Bullet appeared in UK motorcycle shows.
In 1994, Eicher Group bought into Enfield India.[4] In late 1995, the Enfield India firm acquired the rights to the
name Royal Enfield. Royal Enfield of India now sells motorcycles in over twenty countries.
They are being imported into the United States, United Kingdom, and other western countries in increasing numbers,
though the newer versions (2001) with electric start are becoming more popular than the 'classic' version which is
little changed from 1955. There are a few changes: indicators, a 28mm Mikuni carb, 12volt electrics, an improved
seat and, since 1990, twin leading-shoe brakes.
The 2006, the latest top level export version of the Bullet is the Electra-X, a 500cc machine with a 'lean burn' engine
incorporating a new cylinder head and piston, alloy barrel, gear oil pump and roller big end bearing. There are also
some styling and frame changes as well as a front disk brake. The recently designed left foot change 5-speed gearbox
and electric start are also part of the package. Other improvements are a more modern Micarb VM 28 (CV)
carburettor, 280mm front disk brake, 150mm rear single leading shoe drum brake, electronic ignition, and new, gas
filled rear damper units.[5] This is an export-only model, and in India the top Electra is a 350cc, though a basic right
change four speed 500cc version is available.[6] The lean burn 350cc engine produces 18bhp (13 kW) @ 5000rpm,
and 32Nm (24 ftlbf) @ 3000rpm. The 500cc version produces 22bhp (16 kW) @ 5500rpm, and 35.9nm @
Royal Enfield Motors 8

The main thrust for its development has been meeting increasingly stringent emissions regulations. This lean burn
engine should ensure the future of the Bullet for some years to come and will replace the older, original design
engine. First designed around 1947, but still including elements from earlier machines such as the Model G, the
Bullet claims to have the longest continuous production run of any motorcycle. It is also significant that the Indian
factory has itself now celebrated its own 50th birthday.
Lately, the Royal Enfield bikes have enjoyed a resurgence in India after the release of some new models of these
bikes with a constant velocity (CV) carburettor and an aluminium engine. These models are the Royal Enfield
Thunderbird and Machismo. A model called Electra, which is a slicker version of the classic 350cc bike with
electric-start kit is also popular. This model is not normally exported outside of India, but is replaced by the 500cc

Recent models
Over the last few years there have been a number of basic models on sale in the UK:
Classic (350 & 500cc) close to the original 1955 specification with some basic modifications.
Bullet 500 ES Classic with electric start.
Bullet 65 Bullet 500 ES with new 5 speed gearbox and left foot gear change.
Thunderbird (350cc) New 5 speed gearbox, left foot gear change, stylish look with dual colour/shade body,
curved handle bars and electric start. It is compliant with UK/EU emission standards.
Bullet Electra-X (500cc) Much modified and re-designed lean burn, alloy barrelled engine with the new
gearbox and many chassis modifications. The Electra-X looks like a modified and improved Bullet.
All of these basic models have trials, cafe racer, and other derivative models. For noise and emission reasons, the old
engine will cease to be imported into the UK/EU starting in 2008, and the 'lean burn' engine will then become the
Unfortunately, even this lean-burn engine may be short-lived in the EU as further emissions restrictions are to be
introduced in the form of Euro 3. A new engine will be introduced in the Fall of 2007 called the "Unit Construction
Engine" or UCE. It will be fuel injected and the engine casing and transmission will share a single casting. The
Royal Enfield has been imported into the USA since 1995. The models which are available in the USA are:
Classic 500cc- In the Classic, Deluxe and Military models.
Bullet Electra - X
Bullet Electra - Classic
The 350cc bikes were sold for a few years in the USA, but the US market heavily favors the larger 500cc model.
The 350cc models are no longer imported into the US. No kick start only models are sold in the US as there was no
market demand for them once the Electric Start models were developed.
Royal Enfield Motors 9

Royal Enfield models

Bullet 500 cc
The Royal Enfield Bullet is a 500cc standard motorcycle.

List of vehicles manufactured by Royal Enfield, India

Classic (350 & 500cc) - close to the original 1955 specification with some basic modifications, 5 speed gear box
and left foot gear shift.
Bullet 500 ES - Classic with electric start and 4-speed gearbox
Bullet Continental - US model 350 or 500 with 4 speed gearbox with left foot gear change.
Bullet Sixty-5 - Bullet 500 ES with new 5 speed gearbox and left foot gear change.
Lightning 500cc - 4 speed cast iron engine. Cruiser model on which the Thunderbird is based.
Lightning 535cc - 4 speed alloy engine.
Thunderbird (350cc)- New 5 speed gearbox, left foot gear change, stylish look with dual colour/shade body,
curved handle bars and electric start. It is also compliant with UK/EU emission standards.
Bullet Electra-X (500cc) - Much modified/re-designed lean burn, alloy barreled engine with the new gearbox and
many chassis modifications. The Electra-X looks like a modified and improved Bullet.
Bullet Machismo 350/500
Mini-Bullet 200
Silver plus
Mofa a 22 cc shock-absorber-less mobike.
The Fury, Explorer and Silver plus were obtained from Zndapp, a famous German motorcycle company which
went bankrupt in 1984. Zndapp entry-level models of small, lightweight two-stroke two wheelers were built by
Enfield India (as the company then was) in a plant at Ranipet, near Chennai. These were the 50cc Silver Plus
step-through moped, and the Explorer and Fury 175 motorcycles. The Fury had a five-speed gearbox, and a
hydraulic disc brake - the first in the country.

EGLI Super Bullet

Swiss motorcycle tuner Fritz W. Egli, a distributor of Royal Enfield motorcycle, was approached by a customer to
create the Egli Super Bullet. The basis for this bike is Eglis use of a central tube frame constructed from
nickel-plated chromium-molybdenum steel. The engine is equipped with an aluminium cylinder, US-sourced piston,
larger valves in a redesigned cylinder head, longer stroke crankshaft, special main bearings, dry clutch, timing belt
primary drive and 36mm Keihin flat-slide carburettors. The output is 40hp (30 kW) from a 624cc engine fed via an
electric pump from a classic-looking aluminium tank.[7]

Promoting Riding
As the only genuine touring motorcycle manufactured in India, Royal Enfield has more recently stayed away from
regular mass media advertising and has concentrated more on building its brand around the values that the brand
stands for - riding and eating up the miles. Royal Enfield strongly promotes leisure motorcycling as a lifestyle and
encourages the Royal Enfield riders/owners to keep riding. In this regard, the company organizes annual events and
rides such as the Himalayan Odyssey, The tour of the Rann of Kutch, The tour of NH 17 (Mumbai to Goa), the Tour
of Rajasthan, the tour of the North East and the Southern Odyssey. It also organizes the Annual festival of biking,
Rider Mania in Goa which attracts Royal Enfield riders from all over.
Royal Enfield Motors 10

See also
List of Royal Enfield motorcycles

External links
Official website [8]
Royal Enfield [9] at the Open Directory Project
Rider Mania website [10]

[1] http:/ / www. royalenfield. com
[2] (http:/ / www. ianchadwick. com/ motorcycles/ enfield/ india. html) IanChadwick Enfield India (Retrieved 22 October 2006)
[3] (http:/ / www. royal-enfield. com/ history. htm) Royal-Enfield History (Retrieved 22 October 2006)
[4] (http:/ / www. royalenfield. com/ app/ IN/ company/ History. asp) Royal Enfield 1991 - 2000 Enfield becomes Royal Enfield (Retrieved 30
October 2006)
[5] (http:/ / www. royalenfield. com/ Content/ UK/ images/ Downloads/ pdf/ sixtyfive-pdf. pdf) Royal Enfield UK Specifications pdf] (Retrieved
22 October 2006)
[6] (http:/ / www. royalenfield. com/ app/ IN/ downloads. asp) Enfield specifications pdf (Retrieved 22 October 2006)
[7] http:/ / www. bikervoodoo. com/ 2008/ 04/ 02/ egli-royal-enfield-super-bullet-624cc/ Egli Super Bullet 624cc
[8] http:/ / www. royalenfield. com/
[9] http:/ / www. dmoz. org/ / Recreation/ Motorcycles/ Classic/ Royal_Enfield/
[10] http:/ / www. royalenfield. com/ ridermania/
TVS Motors 11

TVS Motors
Type [1] [2]
Public (BSE: 532343 , NSE: TVSMOTOR )

Industry Automobiles

Founded 1978

Founder(s) Venu Srinivasan

Headquarters Chennai, India

Key people Venu Srinivasan, Chairman

K N Radhakrishnan, President & CEO
S G Murali, CFO
H S Goindi, President Marketing
Harne Vinay Chandrakant, President NPI
R Anandakrishnan, VP Business Planning
BLP Simha, President Director, PT.TVS Indonesia

Products Motorcycles, Scooters, Mopeds, Three-Wheelers

Parent TVS Group

Subsidiaries PT TVS Motor, Indonesia

Website [3]

TVS Motor Company (BSE: 532343 [1], NSE:TVSMOTOR [2]) is the third largest two-wheeler manufacturer in
India [4] and is among the world's top ten.[5] It is the flagship company of the parent TVS Group employing over
40,000 people with an estimated 15 million customers.[6] It manufactures motorcycles, scooters, mopeds and auto
rickshaws. It is India's only two-wheeler company to have won the Deming Prize awarded for commitment to quality
control, received in 2002.

History and Early Years

When TVS Motor was founded in 1978, its parent TVS Group, founded by T. V. Sundaram Iyengar had already
been in existence for 67 years. Over the years TVS Motor has grown to be the largest in the group, both in terms of
size and turnover, with four state of the art[7] manufacturing plants in Hosur, Mysore and Nalagarh in India and
Karawang in Indonesia. TVS Motor is credited with many innovations in the Indian automobile industry, notable
among them being the introduction of India's first two-seater moped, the TVS 50cc. The company became the leader
in its category of sub 100cc mopeds, having sold 7 million units. It also introduced the TVS Scooty, which is India's
second largest brand in the scooterette segment.[8]

TVS Motor won the Deming Application Prize in 2002, becoming the first and only Indian two-wheeler company to
win the award given to companies that do outstanding work in the field of Quality Management. It is considered to
be one of the world's most prestigious quality awards.[9] The same year, the work done for the TVS Victor
motorcycle won TVS Motor the National Award for successful commercialization of indigenous technology from
the Technology Development Board, Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India.[10] In 2004, TVS
Scooty Pep won the 'Outstanding Design Excellence Award' from BusinessWorld magazine and the National
Institute of Design, Ahmedabad.[11] The effective implementation of Total Productivity Maintenance practices won
TVS Motor the TPM Excellence Award given by the Japan Institute of Plant Maintenance in 2008.
TVS Motors 12

TVS Motor has won several management awards, notable among them being the Emerging Corporate Giant in the
Private Sector awarded by The Economic Times and the Harvard Business School Association of India. Business
Today magazine awarded TVS Motor the Best Managed Company and the Most Investor Friendly Company awards.
Its advertising practices won it the Good Advertising award by Auto India Best Brand Awards 2009.[12] Company
Chairman Venu Srinivasan is a recipient of several awards for corporate excellence such as the Star of Asia Award
by Bloomberg BusinessWeek[13] and the JRD Tata Corporate Leadership Award.[14] The University of Warwick,
United Kingdom gave him an honorary Doctorate of Science degree[15] while the Government of India honoured
him with the Padma Shri, one India's highest civilian distinctions.[16]
Innovative implementation of Information Technology has won TVS Motor the Ace Award for Most Innovative
NetWeaver Implementation in 2007 awarded by technology major SAP AG[17] and the Team Tech 2007 Award of
Excellence for Integrated use of Computer-aided engineering Technologies.[18]


Domestic Range
Apache RTR 180
Apache RTR 160 Fi
Apache RTR 160
Flame DS 125
Flame SR 125
Star City
Scooty Streak
Scooty Pep+
Scooty Teen 2
XL Super
XL Heavy Duty
TVS King (Three-Wheeler Auto Rickshaw)

International Range
Apache RTR 160
Apache 160
Star LX
Victor GLX 125
Victor GX 100
Max 100
Scooty Streak
Scooty Pep +
XL - HD 2 stroke
XL Super 2 stroke
TVS Motors 13

External links
Official website [19]

[1] http:/ / www. bseindia. com/ stockreach/ stockreach. htm?scripcd=532343
[2] http:/ / www. nseindia. com/ marketinfo/ companyinfo/ companysearch. jsp?cons=TVSMOTOR& section=7
[3] http:/ / www. tvsmotor. in/
[4] "India shining: Auto sales continue to zoom in April 2010" (http:/ / www. moneycontrol. com/ news/ business/
tvs-motor-april-vehicle-sales-rise-28-pct_455122. html). Moneycontrol. 2 May 2010. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[5] "TVS Motor" (http:/ / auto. indiamart. com/ tvs-suzuki/ ). India Mart. 2 May 2010. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[6] "TVS Motor Company" (http:/ / www. info2india. com/ automobile/ tvs/ ). Info2India. 1 January 2010. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[7] "TVS Motor wins TPM Excellence Award by Japan Institute of Plant Maintenance" (http:/ / machinist. in/ index. php?option=com_content&
task=view& id=1074& Itemid=2). 19 March 2008. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[8] "TVS Motor Company Ltd" (http:/ / www. indiainfoline. com/ Markets/ Company/ Background/ Company-Profile/
TVS-Motor-Company-Ltd/ 532343). IndiaInfoline. 2 January 2010. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[9] "Deming Application Prize" (http:/ / www. tqmi. com/ demingprize. asp). TQMI. 2 January 2010. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[10] "Mitsubishi, sole agents for Valvoline car care products" (http:/ / www. sundayobserver. lk/ 2003/ 08/ 03/ fea18. html). Sunday Observer. 3
August 2003. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[11] "TVS Bikes India" (http:/ / www. bikesindia. net/ tvs-bikes-india. htm). Bikes India. 3 August 2003. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[12] "TVS Motor Company Achievements" (http:/ / www. businessblog360. com/ 2007/ 08/ 30/ tvs-motor-company-achievements/ ). Business
Blog 360. 30 August 2007. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
[13] "Venu Srinivasan" (http:/ / www. businessweek. com/ magazine/ content/ 03_23/ b3836617. htm). Bloomberg BusinessWeek. 9 June 2003. .
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[14] "JRD Tata Corporate Leadership Award" (http:/ / www. aima-ind. org/ award_jrd. aspx). All India Management Assocation. 9 June 2004. .
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BusnessLine. 25 Jan 2010. . Retrieved 2 August 2010.
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[19] http:/ / tvsmotor. in
LML 14

Predecessor Lohia Machines Private Limited

Founded 1978

Headquarters Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Products Scooters

LML (formerly Lohia Machines Ltd) is an Indian scooter manufacturer based in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

History and overview

Incorporated as Lohia Machines Private Limited in 1978, the company was engaged in manufacture of synthetic yarn
manufacturing machines in technical collaboration with ARCT, France. In 1978, it became a public limited company
and diversified into processing synthetic yarn.
In 1984 a technical collaboration agreement was signed with Piaggio of Italy and a scooter project was set up. In
1986, the LML NV was launched. The relationship with Piaggio was redefined to that of a partner in 1990, both
partners having equal equity participation of 23.6% each. The LML Select was launched in 1993, with new age
technology and aesthetics, and became an instant success. LML's joint venture with Piaggio ended in 1999. LML
continued to manufacture the Star, a classically styled steel-bodied scooter with twist-shift 4-speed manual
transmission and a 150cc two-stroke engine. Some of these were distributed in the United States as the Stella and in
the UK as A.K. International (AKII). AKII's Aura LML & A.K. International (I&E) Ltd was appointed the sole
distributor for UK In 2008. Star Deluxe was re-introduced to the U.K. market by AKII (I&E) Ltd, with the Via
Toscana as the Euro 3 emissions compliant model.
Again in 1999, an agreement was signed with Daelim Motor Company of South Korea to manufacture 4-stroke
motorcycles. In 2000 the company was recognized by the Indian Ministry of Science and Technology for remarkable
success in introducing new models/upgrades of scooters in the market with more fuel-efficient engines, new
electrical systems, latest emission norms, upgraded technology, better styling etc., and that year entered the
motorcycle market with upper end lifestyle bikes in 100cc, using 3-valve technology.
Freedom LML's first deluxe commuter motorcycle in 110cc, was launched in 2002. The next year Spirit of Freedom
(range expansion through colours) was launched. In 2004 the company introduced the LML Graptor, marking its
entry into the 150cc lifestyle segment. It was the first indigenously designed bike from Ugolini of Italy. 2004
marked LML's transition from a single product company to a multi-product two wheeler company with three
simultaneous launches: the LML Graptor (150cc), the LML Freedom Prima (110cc) and LML Freedom Prima
Owing to excesses and over-spending the company has been under financial constraints ever since its foray into
bi-wheeler manufacturing,with dividend being declared only twice to its shareholders in spite of contemporary
bi-wheeler manufacturers like TVS Motors, Hero Honda AND Bajaj Auto not only growing multi folds but also
enhancing shareholder's worth. Even new entrants into the scooter market like Honda Motorcycle & Scooter have
achieved volumes of 50,000 units per month, which LML could never achieve with its full range of scooters and
The bankruptcy has dealt a severe blow to SSI units in Kanpur,who were engaged in feeding critical and propriety
items to LML since early 80's, with many closing down or facing huge financial burden on themselves. The
workmen and staff of LML and vendor SSI Units, who have been out of work since Feb 2006 are also finding it
extremely difficult to make both ends meet and to even feed their dependents.
LML 15

New finance has been invested by Credit Suisse and other institutions and the factory reopened in March 8, 2008 to
manufacture geared Vespa style scooters, primarily for export only.
As of October 2009, has its limited production of LML Vespa 150 NV Four Stroke (also known as Stella Four
Stroke) and has started sales in Delhi and Ghaziabad, India. Also they are exporting the Stella 150 2 stroke (LML
Vespa NV Spl) with compliance to the Euro Norms. They also have plans to expand into the gearless 4 stroke market
in India probably with the long talked about LML Clipper 125 4 stroke (Vespa ET4 clone), which was the last
product from the Vespa/LML tieup.

Current motorcycle lines

LML 'Via Toscana' 125 (2009 UK)(re badged STAR)
LML STAR 125 DLX + 150 version UK & Europe
LML STELLA 150 (North America)
LML 'STAR' from LML Italia 2 stroke and SEP 09 onwards 4t 125,150 200cc geared scooters. geared 4t jota
LML BELLA DONNA 150 RV (Australia)
LML NV SPL export and some to domestic market 2008 onwards
LML NV 4 Stroke (Delhi and Ghaziabad only) 2009 onwards
LML 'STAR' 4 stroke 125 & 150 export
LML 'STAR' 4 stroke 200 under development

Kinetic Motor Company

Kinetic Engineering Limited is an automotive component manufacturer in India which formerly sold two-wheelers
under the brand names Kinetic-Honda and later Kinetic. In 2008, it stopped selling two-wheelers after entering into a
joint venture with Mahindra Automobiles, where Mahindra held the major (80%) stakes. By this joint venture,
Mahindra acquired the two-wheeler manufacturing facilities as well as the then selling brands of Kinetic.
The brand Kinetic-Honda is remembered for its legacy 2-stroke scooters, with variomatic transmission and electric
start, first in India when it was launched (in 1984) and the only in India until the late 1990s.
Part of the Firodia Group of Companies, a pioneer in the Indian automotive sector, Kinetic Engineering started its
operations in the year 1972. It entered into a joint venture with Honda in 1984 and started selling scooters under the
brand name Kinetic-Honda. In 1998, the joint venture split and the company continued to sell scooters under the
brand name Kinetic. Soon the company entered into the fastest growing motorcycle market but its endeavor failed
and put the company into debt. With direct competition from the former ally Honda, which had now established
itself as the leading scooter manufacturer in India, Kinetic lost its exclusive market foothold by the mid 2000s. Now
having withdrawn from two-wheeler manufacturing, Kinetic Engineering continues to be a major player in the auto
components manufacturing and exporting sector in India.
Kinetic Motor Company 16

External links
Mahindra Two Wheelers [1]
Info site [2]

[1] http:/ / mahindra2wheelers. com/
[2] http:/ / auto. indiamart. com/ kinetic-engineering

Hero Motors
Hero Motors is a moped and scooter manufacturer based in Delhi, India. It is a part of multinational Hero Group
that owns Hero Honda Motors Ltd and Hero Cycles among other companies. Hero Motors was started in the 1960s
to manufacture 50cc two stroke mopeds but gradually diversified into making larger mopeds, mokicks and scooters
in the 1980s and the 1990s. Noteworthy collaborators and technical partners were Puch or Austria and Malaguti of
Italy. Due to tightening emission regulations and poor sales, Hero motors have discontinued the manufacture of all
polluting vehicles and transformed itself into an Electric Two-wheeler and auto parts manufacturer.

Current models
Hero Eazy
Hero Advanta
Hero Maxi

Discontinued models
Hero Winner (Malaguti)
Hero Puch
Hero Majestic

External links
Hero Motors [1]
Infibeam [2]

[1] http:/ / www. heromotors. com/
[2] http:/ / www. infibeam. com/ bikes/ make/ hero. html#HeroEazy
Ideal Jawa 17

Ideal Jawa
Type Motorcycle manufacturer

Industry Automotive

Fate defunct

Founded 1960

Headquarters Mysore, Karnataka, India

Key people Irani Family, Founders

Products Jawa, Yezdi

Employees n/a

Website [1]

Ideal Jawa (India) Ltd was an Indian motorcycle company based in Mysore, sold licensed Jawa and Z
motorcycles beginning in 1960 under the brand name Jawa and later Yezdi. The catchphrase for the bikes sold by
the firm was "Forever bike forever value".

Frantisek Janecek began manufacturing Wanderer motorcycles under licence in 1927 in order to diversify the
interests of his arms factory. Having bought the tooling for a 500cc model, in 1929 he rebranded the machine with
the name JAWA, derived from the first two letters of the words "Janacek" and "Wanderer".

There have been many models of this brand before the company shut its doors in 1996. Their various models
Jawa 250 Type 353 Kyvacka called 'A' Type (under licence)
Jawa 50 Jet 'A' Series known as Pionyr in Czechoslavakia (under licence)
Yezdi 60 Jet 'B' Series
Yezdi 250 'B' Type
Yezdi 250 Oilking (CB Points and Oil Pump) 'C' Type
Yezdi 250 Roadking (CB Points) 'C' Type
Yezdi D250 Classic
Yezdi 250 CL II
Yezdi B250 Deluxe
Yezdi 250 Deluxe 'C' Type
Yezdi 250 Roadking (CDI) 'C' Type
Yezdi 60 Colt
Yezdi 60 Colt Deluxe
Yezdi 175 (CB Points)
Yezdi 175 Deluxe (CDI)
Jawa / Yezdi 350 Twin Type 634
Yezdi 250 Monarch
Yezdi 250 Supersprint (never released)
Ideal Jawa 18

Ideal Jawa also exported many of the above models to over 61 countries around the world including Turkey, Nigeria,
Sri Lanka, Egypt and others. Guatemala was supplied with custom White Yezdi Roadkings for their Police forces.

Chronological order of models produced

1. Jawa 250 Type 353 Kyvacka called 'A' Type (Under Licence) - Kyvacka meaning "Swinger" for bikes with a
Swing Arm

- with Tank Switch - 1961-62 (Imported Engines, bikes assembled in India).

- with milling hub 1963-69
- without milling hub 1970-72.
- with dimple tank (Kneepad Rubber) - 1973.

2. Jawa 50 Jet 'A' Series known as Pionyr in Czechoslavakia (Under Licence) - 1961-1964
3. Yezdi 60 Jet 'B' Series

1968-1980 - Straight handle bar

1981-1988 - Curved handle bar

4. Yezdi 250 'B' Type

- with Flower head - 1974

- with Vertival fins - 1975-80

5. Yezdi 250 Oilking (CB Points and Oil Pump) 'C' Type - 1977
6. Yezdi 250 Roadking (CB Points) 'C' Type

- sold on Premium for US$ - 1978-80

- without Premium - 1980-93

7. Yezdi D250 Classic - 1979 onwards

8. Yezdi 250 CL II - 1985 onwards
9. Yezdi B250 Deluxe - 1985 onwards
10. Yezdi 250 Deluxe 'C' Type - 1986 onwards
11. Yezdi 250 Roadking (CDI) 'C' Type

1993-94 - Jap nippon CDI

1994-96 - Indo nippon CDI

12. Yezdi 60 Colt - 1980-88

13. Yezdi 60 Colt Deluxe - 1988 onwards
14. Yezdi 175 (CB Points) - 1989
15. Yezdi 175 Deluxe (CDI) - 1991-94
16. Jawa / Yezdi 350 Twin Type 634 - 1987-89.
17. Yezdi 250 Monarch - 1995
18. Yezdi 250 Supersprint (Never Released)
Ideal Jawa 19

End of production
When the company was forced to shut down, it was producing the 175, Monarch, Deluxe, Road Kings and CL II.
The main reason for the company's collapse was labor trouble and increasing levels of pollution control norms which
were making the two stroke bikes that the company produced obsolete.
The low mileage(35-40), increasing fuel costs contributing factors to the low sales of the vehicle. Moreover, the new
100cc two-stroke and four-stroke bikes had better fuel efficiency and low maintenance.

Continuing loyalty
Although this motorcycle is long gone there are many enthusiasts who swear by this bike and continue to maintain
and run them.The Jawa's and the Yezdi Roadking models were the most popular followed by Yezdi Classic.

In motorsports
Ideal Jawa had factory teams for both road races at Sholavaram and the National Motorcycle Rally
Championships.Their close rivals were Royal Enfield Bullets, Rajdoot Yamaha RD350, Yamaha RX100 and TVS
Suzuki Shogun.

See also
Jawa Motors
esk Zbrojovka Strakonice
Yezdi Roadking

External links [1]

[1] http:/ / www. yezdi. com
Article Sources and Contributors 20

Article Sources and Contributors

Bajaj Auto Source: Contributors: 219.106, 84user, Adirele, Alai, Aldenan, Amitkinger, Anupam, Ark25, Asish.m.j, Autocity,
Azjrol, Bashish, Bhadani, Bluffmasteranshuman, Brianhe, Catapult, Chaitanya.lala, Chillum, Chris Ssk, Closedmouth, Cnilep, Darklilac, DaveRittershouse, Dbratland, DeadEyeArrow, Deville,
Dh th, Dhoom, Dingar, Dorftrottel, Dreamweaverjack, Fleebo, Ganeshk, Girish Kumavat, Grutness, Guptadeepak, Hemanshu, Hu12, Hydkat, IXU79, Ian Pitchford, Ibajaj, Isthisthingworking,
Jamcib, Jeph paul, JohnI, Jovianeye, Karmpaul, Kaysov, Kris71, Krustify, KuwarOnline, Kwenkbodenmiller, LeaveSleaves, Lucid, Mac, Mahipatranawat, Manohar1, Mkeranat, Mks86, Moez,
Murtasa, Nickgomez, Nirvana888, Ns336, Pamri, Paxse, Pissant, Pradeepsomani, Raise lkblr, Rak3sh, Rjwilmsi, Rkarthea, Rohithanda, Rohitrrrrr, RyanGerbil10, S3000, Santoshmaharjan,
Satya0046, SchmuckyTheCat, Scooterwiki, Sharwatra, Shashvat, SlaveToTheWage, St ttb, Stevouk, Sujithnairv, Swaminworld, Tedder, The Thing That Should Not Be, The wub, Trakesht,
Tri400, Txomin, Typ932, Utcursch, Veinor, Vikasapte, Vimalkalyan, Viveksinha in, Vjdchauhan, Woohookitty, Xezbeth, Zamphuor, 109 anonymous edits

Hero Honda Source: Contributors: 219.106, Ajcfreak, Amartyabag, Arcenciel, Arsenikk, Autocity, Azjrol, B, Balnanmaga, Bhadani,
Brianhe, Caribbean H.Q., Chillum, Cometstyles, DFS454, Dbratland, Deepak, Deeptrivia, Dhoom, Dorftrottel, Fyyer, Ganeshk, Gprince007, Hsejar, Hydkat, Idleguy, Indusmedia, Irfanehsan81,
JYi, Jamcib, JiveAlive5, Jovianeye, KNM, Kapitanniemand, Kappa, Kukini, KuwarOnline, L1CENSET0K1LL, LilHelpa, Lokantha, Luna Santin, Marshall1984, Naniwako, Naveennaliath,
Neuroelectronic, OlYeller21, Ospalh, Pamri, Pankajtanwar, Pinkadelica, Raise lkblr, Ronhjones, Rsrikanth05, RyanGerbil10, Santoshmaharjan, SchnitzelMannGreek, Shijaz, Shubham773,
SlaveToTheWage, SohanDsouza, Someguy1221, Srik99999, Tarun mor50002, Tedder, The Discoverer, Trakesht, Tri400, Tschild, Typ932, Ukexpat, Umeshunni, Vgautham 91, Vikasd9,
Vimalkalyan, Vivio Testarossa, Vjdchauhan, Welsh, Xtreme.g, 137 anonymous edits

Royal Enfield Motors Source: Contributors: Biker Biker, Brianhe, Clstambush, Dbratland, Hugo999, Jovianeye, Mandalaybay, Melesse,
PamD, RayAYang, Rjwilmsi, Santamoly, St ttb, Thruxton, Tide rolls, VictorianMutant, Vnshiju, 18 anonymous edits

TVS Motors Source: Contributors: A.arikere, Ageo020, Alvestrand, Amol.Gaitonde, B srinath 83, Brianhe, Commander Keane,
CommonsDelinker, Dash9141, Dbratland, Devarshi84, Dhoom, Epolk, Expertricky, Flewis, Gardar Rurak, Gs44631, Jac16888, Janas, Jeffpw, Jishnuzz, Jothikumarr, Knutties, Kumar a8007,
Love Krittaya, Malcolma, MaximvsDecimvs, Parnell88, Praksie, Radagast83, Raise lkblr, Reyk, Sanketsingh, Sharoondoda, Shwir, Skcpublic, Sotomoto, Topbanana, Trakesht, Trinathkar,
Tsagilistic, Typ932, Utcursch, Vprashanth87, Webgeek, Yummifruitbat, 115 anonymous edits

LML Source: Contributors: AJ-India, Bonadea, Brianhe, CXCV, Chuckwatson, Daniash007, Dbratland, Devarshi84, DynamoDegsy,
Gwern, Hgkamath, LessHeard vanU, M3arvin, Manoj132, Nandesuka, Pearle, Samihasib, Seventiesvespagirl, Tempshill, The Thing That Should Not Be, ZS, 21 anonymous edits

Kinetic Motor Company Source: Contributors: Austria156, Azjrol, Brianhe, Dlae, El monty, HappyInGeneral, Hereispuneet, Ksn,
KuwarOnline, Malcolma, Michael Bednarek, TredWel, Vfirodia, Vibhorjain82, Vilbee, Xezbeth, 14 anonymous edits

Hero Motors Source: Contributors: Mandalaybay, Scoty6776, 1 anonymous edits

Ideal Jawa Source: Contributors: Biker Biker, Binand, Boffob, Brianhe, Fratrep, G27, Gagansalaria, Mandalaybay, Marsal20, Ruffrollit,
Shyamsunder, Siddharthmukund, Tassedethe, Utcursch, Varlaam, Vonones, 36 anonymous edits
Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 21

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors

Image:Bajaj Auto Logo.svg Source: License: unknown Contributors: Fastily, Jovianeye, Sfan00 IMG
Image:Hero Honda Logo.svg Source: License: unknown Contributors: Jovianeye
Image:Green Arrow Up.svg Source: License: Public Domain Contributors: AutisticPsycho2, Dbenbenn, Juiced lemon,
Korg, Multichill, Pagrashtak, Redrose64, Trisreed, ZeroOne, 16 anonymous edits
File:Royal Enfield logo.svg Source: License: Trademarked Contributors: Jovianeye
License 22

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
http:/ / creativecommons. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. 0/