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WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data

World health statistics 2016: monitoring health for the SDGs, sustainable
development goals.

ISBN 978 92 4 156526 4

(NLM classification: WA 900.1)

E-ISBN 978 92 4 069569 6 (PDF)

Globally, life expectancy has been improving at a rate of more than 3 years per
decade since 1950, with the exception of the 1990s. During that period, progress on
life expectancy stalled in Africa because of the rising HIV epidemic; and in Europe
because of increased mortality in many ex-Soviet countries following the collapse of
the Soviet Union.(p.7)

According to provisional estimates, achievement of the major SDG child, maternal,

infectious diseases and NCD targets would result in an increase in global average life
expectancy of around 4 years by 2030. The gap between high- and low-income
countries would narrow from around 17.5 years in 2015 to around 13 to 14 years in
2030. (p.8-9)

Globally, female life expectancy at birth passed male life expectancy at birth in the
1970s and the difference reached 4.6 years in 2015 (p.9).

Esperanza de vida saludable

Globally, HLE in 2015 is estimated at 63.1 years for both sexes combined.(p.10)

(The total height of the bar represents life expectancy at birth and the bottom part of
the bar represents HLE at birth. La brecha entre la esperanza de vida y HLE son los
aos saludables equivalentes perdidos por morbilidad y discapacidad)
As life expectancy increases, the proportion of the life span spent with these
conditions increases HLE thus increases more slowly than life expectancy.(p.10)

Globally, male and female HLEs are 61.5 and 64.6 years respectively with
substantial differences between male and female HLE in all WHO regions. (p.11).

Premature mortality (under 70 years of age)

There were an estimated 30 million deaths under age 70 in 2015, and if the SDG
mortality targets had been achieved in 2015, this would have been reduced to 19
million deaths. This represents a 36% reduction (almost 11 million averted premature
deaths) close to the proposed 40% target. (p.12)