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(1) Dissertation


Noun: dissertation; plural noun: dissertations

a long essay on a particular subject, especially one written for a university degree or diploma.

"a dissertation on the novels of the Brontë sisters"

Synonyms: essay, thesis, treatise, paper, study, composition, discourse, disquisition, tract,
monograph; Critique, exposition, criticism, appraisal, assessment, discussion

"a dissertation on the novels of the Brontë sisters"

What is the Difference Between a Thesis and a Dissertation?

(2) Entangled, involved, caught
He was enmeshed in a complex web of personal problems.


If you become embroiled in a fight or argument, you become deeply involved in it.
the reluctance of the US public to get embroiled in a war
mixed up
If someone or something is implicated in a crime or a bad situation, they are involved in it or
responsible for it.
Eventually the President was implicated in the cover-up.

under suspicion

show (someone) to be involved in a crime.
"he implicated his government in the murders of three judges"
synonyms: incriminate, compromise; involve, connect, embroil, enmesh, ensnare;
expose; archaicinculpate
"he had been implicated in a financial scandal"

convey (a meaning) indirectly through what one says, rather than stating it explicitly.

"by saying that coffee would keep her awake, Mary implicated that she didn't want any"

sag. go down. raresopor "they left him slumped in a drunken stupor" Slump slʌmp verb past tense: slumped. undergo a sudden severe or prolonged fall in price. snare. sit. or amount. "she slumped against the cushions" Synonyms: sit heavily. slouch. decline. involve. past participle: enmeshed cause to become entangled in something. numbness. informal crash. drop. entrap. blankness. nosedive. bog down. reach a new low. sink. informal plonk oneself. "land prices slumped" Synonyms: fall steeply. state of senselessness. insensibility. mire. ensnarl. rare trammel "the party became increasingly enmeshed in the parliamentary system" involve (someone) in a difficult situation from which it is hard to escape. plunge. "he is enmeshed in an adulterous affair Stupor ˈstjuːpə/Submit Noun a state of near-unconsciousness or insensibility. "a drunken stupor" Synonyms: daze. tumble. oblivion. lean. past participle: slumped 1. value. plop oneself "he slumped into a chair" 2. subside. torpor. trap. catch up. decrease. ensnare. state of stupefaction. dwam. blackout. state of unconsciousness. embroil.Enmesh past tense: enmeshed. mix up. inertia. flump. or fall heavily and limply. take a nosedive. slide. "whales enmeshed in drift nets" Synonyms: entangle. collapse. flop. fall. coma. plummet. go into a tailspin "houses prices slumped" .

caused by a virus. emphasis. strong. tone. accentuation. effective. the rise and fall of the voice in speaking. forceful. lilt. cadence. timbre. excrescence. protuberance. well spoken. expressive. "the toad possesses a dangerous poison in its large warts" an undesirable or disfiguring feature. benign growth on the skin. swelling. stress. vivid. meaningful. blister. Synonyms: growth. articulate. brogue "she read the sentence with the wrong intonation" . lucid. raretumescence "she had a wart on her cheek" any rounded excrescence on the skin of an animal or the surface of a plant. telling. fluent. smooth-tongued. graceful. pitch. significant. powerful. speech pattern. rise and fall. verruca. revealing. carbuncle. potent. silver-tongued.Eloquent ˈɛləkwənt/Submit adjective fluent or persuasive in speaking or writing. lump. sensitive. "few products are without their warts" Intonation ɪntəˈneɪʃ(ə)n/Submit noun 1. glib "an eloquent and well-informed speech" clearly expressing or indicating something. boil. tumour. well expressed. accent. "she spoke English with a German intonation" Synonyms: inflection. "the bus journey alone is eloquent of class inequality" Synonyms: expressive. modulation. "an eloquent speech" Synonyms: persuasive. corn. suggestive. cadency. hard. graphic. indicative "her dark eloquent eyes lifted up" Wart wɔːt/Submit noun plural noun: warts a small.

store. repertory. Synonyms: collection. "poor woodwind intonation at the opening" Repertoire ˈrɛpətwɑː/ noun a stock of plays. "the mainstream concert repertoire" a stock of skills or types of behaviour that a person habitually uses. "it was the right of counsel to ask a judge to recuse himself from continuing to hear a case because of bias" Regicide ˈrɛdʒɪsʌɪd/ noun The action of killing a king. "He was recused when he referred to the corporation as ‘a bunch of villains’" (of a judge) excuse oneself from a case because of a potential conflict of interest or lack of impartiality. dances. 2. accuracy of pitch in playing or singing. supply. "he had a scrawny physique and a protuberant Adam's apple" . "his repertoire of denigratory gestures" Recuse rɪˈkjuːz/ verb NORTH AMERICAN Challenge (a judge or juror) as unqualified to perform legal duties because of a potential conflict of interest or lack of impartiality. or items that a company or a performer knows or is prepared to perform. plural noun: regicides Scrawny ˈskrɔːni/Submit adjective (of a person or animal) unattractively thin and bony. or on a stringed instrument such as a guitar. stockpile "his repertoire of quotes and quips" the whole body of items which are regularly performed. a person who kills or takes part in killing a king. reserve. repository. stock. range.

take. suggest. datedspindle-shanked "he was small. get involved in. lean. . angular. gangly. get outside of. have something to do with "video conferencing allows executives to partake in negotiations abroad" 3. play a part in. spindly. and hairless" (of vegetation) meagre or stunted. size-zero. "the birth of twins became an event which partook of the mythic" synonyms: have the qualities/attributes of. "I was too timid to ask for what I wanted" Synonyms: easily frightened. evoke. trembling. emaciated. past tense: partook. polish off. devour. apprehensive. engage in. gaunt. eat. join in. eat or drink (something). "straggly trees and occasional tufts of scrawny grass" Partake pɑːˈteɪk/ verb formal verb: partake. manifest "Bohemia is where eastern and western Europe meet. fearful. past participle: partaken 1. easily frightened. enter into. "visitors can partake in golfing or clay pigeon shooting" synonyms: participate in. contribute to. get one's laughing gear round "she had partaken of a cheese sandwich and a cup of coffee" 2. share in. part of neither" Timid ˈtɪmɪd’ Adjective Showing a lack of courage or confidence. informaltuck into. join in (an activity). gangling. skin-and-bones. scraggy. weak-kneed. faint-hearted. take part in. wolf down. rangy. be characterized by. lanky. ingest. hint at. gerund or present participle: partaking. gawky. skeletal. "he partook of a well-earned drink" synonyms: consume. have a hand in. raw-boned. scrawny. bony. cowering. Synonyms: skinny. shy. slender. partaking of both. frightened. thin. dispose of. afraid. have. pinched. scared. evince. lacking courage. drink. slim. be characterized by (a quality). 3rd person present: partakes. thin as a rake. quaking.

self-effacing. chicken. as white as a sheet. wan. weak. white-faced. chalk-white. ineffectual. nervous. bright 2. weak. bloodless. corpse- like. light-toned. demure. wan "the pale light of morning" antonyms: dark. "a pale dawn" synonyms: dim. poor. (of a person or their complexion) having less colour than usual. muted. chalky. or ill health. superlative adjective: palest 1. waxy. grey. More antonyms: flushed. ashen. comparative adjective: paler. unassuming. pasty-faced. pigeon-hearted. bashful. pasty. thin. feeble. light in colour or shade. puny. informalwimpish. anaemic. gutless. pinched. More verb . subtle. insipid. coy. deathly pale. archaicpoor-spirited. pastel. low- key. looking as if one had seen a ghost. reserved. inadequate. colourless. ineffective. spineless. drained. recreant "I was too timid to ask for what I wanted" Pale peɪ adjective adjective: pale. humble. ashen-faced. watery. waxen. wishy-washy. rosy (of a light) not strong or bright. sallow. unassertive. as white as a ghost. meek. ghastly. pusillanimous. modest. yellow-bellied. flat. sickly. "choose pale floral patterns for walls" Synonyms: light. craven. peakish. faint. Inferior or unimpressive. feeble. whitish. shrinking. soft. light-coloured. retiring. cadaverous. lily-livered. half-hearted. quiet. ashy. "the new cheese is a pale imitation of continental cheeses" synonyms: inferior. diffident. blanched. "she looked pale and drawn" synonyms: white. whey-faced. washed out. sissy. restrained. cowardly. typically as a result of shock. timorous. peaky. green. yellow. reticent. pallid. neutral. vapid. bland. containing little colour or pigment. fear.

seem or become less important. grow/turn/become pale. become pale in one's face from shock or fear. paling. upright. singular proper noun: Pale. gerund or present participle: paling 1. pale into insignificance. dwindle. HERALDRY a broad vertical stripe down the middle of a shield. lessen. lose colour. post. another term for English Pale. synonyms: stake. blench. a wooden stake or post used with others to form a fence. an area within determined bounds. fade. verb: pale. plural noun: pales 1. past tense: paled. or subject to a particular jurisdiction. bounds. . picket. 3. palisade "the pales of a fence" a conceptual boundary. confines. "I paled at the thought of what she might say" synonyms: go/turn white. blanch. "bring these things back within the pale of decency" synonyms: boundary. dim. diminish. whiten. lose lustre "everything else pales by comparison" Pale (2) peɪ noun noun: pale. past participle: paled. lose significance. pole. noun: the Pale the areas of Russia to which Jewish residence was formerly restricted. limits "a woman who stands outside the pale of family and community life" 2. "all else pales by comparison" synonyms: decrease in importance. 3rd person present: pales. lighten "his face paled" 2.

stench. taint. "the yard reeked of wet straw and horse manure" synonyms: stink. "he recovered himself and turned to peer through the reek" . smell bad/disgusting. stink/smell to high heaven "the whole place reeked of cheap perfume" noun 1. request. smell strongly and unpleasantly. "he flayed them viciously with a branch" Reek verb 1. give off a bad smell. enjoin. exhort. SCOTTISH smoke. "he implored her to change her mind" synonyms: plead with. call on. "the reek of cattle dung" synonyms: stink. encourage. beg. press. beg someone earnestly or desperately to do something. beseech. bid. appeal to. effluvium. entreat. "I implore mercy" Flay Verb 1. supplicate. strip the skin off (a corpse or carcass). smell. technicalexcoriate "one shoulder had been flayed to reveal the muscles" o strip (the skin) off a corpse or carcass. push. solicit. foul smell. importune. impetrate "his mother implored him to continue studying" o archaic beg earnestly for. 1. "she flayed the white skin from the flesh" o whip or beat (someone) so harshly as to remove their skin. obsecrate. strip the skin off. 1. 2. Implore verb 3rd person present: implores 1. "the captured general was flayed alive" synonyms: skin. ask. rareobtest. petition. a foul smell. More 2. pray. bad smell. urge. stink.

perineurium. coleoptile. cover. case "he slid the gleaming sword out of its sheath" o a structure in living tissue which closely envelops another. 1. dilatory. lackadaisical. synonyms: scabbard. be overcome with admiration. "it would be very remiss of me not to pass on that information" synonyms: negligent. or other strong emotion. oscitant "I can see that I have been very remiss" Sheath noun 1. lacking care or attention to duty. negligent. unheeding. 2. perimysium. ochrea "an optical fibre has a core and a cladding encased in a tough protective plastic sheath" o a protective covering around an electric cable. archaicdisregardful. "the fatty sheath around nerve fibres" synonyms: covering. unthinking. barratrous. thoughtless. indolent. literary faint. sleeve. "lamb stew" synonyms: casserole . a close-fitting cover for the blade of a knife or sword. lax. inattentive. formaldelinquent. neglectful. casing. slack. informalsloppy. case. heedless. unmindful. irresponsible. a dish of meat and vegetables cooked slowly in liquid in a closed dish or pan. forgetful. "women swoon over his manly. careless. envelope. coleorhiza. adoration. Stew noun 1. fascia. especially from extreme emotion. neurilemma. wrapper. derelict. epimysium. 1. unaffected ways" Remiss adjective 1. capsule. Swoon verb gerund or present participle: swooning 1. slipshod. "Frankie's mother swooned and had to be helped to the headmaster's office" 2. lazy. technicaltunica. sarcolemma.

flustered. in a state of agitation. informalroast. "she's in a right old stew" synonyms: agitated. all of a dither. in a panic. 1. "sweaty clothes left to stew in a plastic bag" synonyms: swelter. in a sweat. boil. in a tiz-woz. overwrought. informal a state of great anxiety or agitation. be boiling "the girls sat stewing in the heat" Chip away to gradually make something weaker. archaicseethe "stew the meat for an hour or so" o o 2. informalin a twit. wrought up. fruit. anxious. in a tizz/tizzy. 2. 2. casserole. sweat. chip away at: Her comments were beginning to chip away at his self-confidence. fricassee. bake. or less effective. simmer. het up. Imply verb gerund or present participle: implying . datedoverstrung "she's in a right old stew" 3. nervous. having kittens. o verb 1. in a twitter. informal remain in a heated or stifling atmosphere. in a state. keyed up. be very hot. "a beef stew" 2. in a state of nerves. informaltoey. windy. "beef stewed in wine" synonyms: braise. The company's dominance of the market is gradually being chipped away. flurried. perspire. smoor. or other food) cook or be cooked slowly in liquid in a closed dish or pan. jug. smaller. informalstrung up. in a pother. informalin a flap. worked up. all of a doodah. (with reference to meat. all of a lather.

deducible. unacknowledged. unsaid. give someone to understand. "the guards confiscated his camera" synonyms: impound. undeclared. insinuated. give someone to believe. destroy. attach. necessitate. historical kill one in every ten of (a group of people. informalmake out "she seemed to be implying that he was mad"  (of a fact or occurrence) suggest (something) as a logical consequence. signal. unstated. take. distrain. or remove a large proportion of. disseize. point to. unspoken. indirect. not spelt out. suggested. especially land) to the public treasury as a penalty. taken as read. "salesmen who use jargon to imply superior knowledge" synonyms implicit. suggest. : oblique. implicate. sequester. poind "the guards confiscated his camera" o appropriate (something. unexpressed. 1.1. tacit. past participle: confiscated 1. appropriate. sequestrate. convey the impression. assumed "there was implied criticism of the king's choice of commanders" insinuate. indicate the truth or existence of (something) by suggestion rather than explicit reference. intimate. mean. kill. hint. silent. take or seize (someone's property) with authority. understood. signify. "the man who is to determine whether it be necessary to decimate a large body of mutineers" . expropriate. "the forecasted traffic increase implied more roads and more air pollution" synonyms: involve. seize. indicate. "the inhabitants of the country had been decimated" o 2. take possession of. annex. indicate. signal. taken for granted. take away. requisition. "the government confiscated his property early in the war" Decimate verb gerund or present participle: decimating 1. 2. require "the forecast traffic increase implied more roads and more air pollution" Confiscate verb past tense: confiscated. say indirectly. inferred. originally a mutinous Roman legion) as a punishment for the whole group. commandeer. take over. entail. hinted.

destroy. deprived of food. ruin . "I don't have to go through the rest of my life with that mincing voice of yours" Mince verb gerund or present participle: mincing 1. malnourished. mar or spoil. dainty. teeter. extremely hungry. empty. impair. "minced beef" synonyms: chop up. foul. cut up (food. la-di-da. Mincing adjective adjective: mincing 1. stain. corrupt. damage the purity or appearance of. esurient Defile1 verb past tense: defiled. walk in an affected/dainty way. waddle. unfed. campy. soil. ravenous. fastidious. skip. starving to death. effeminate. (of a man) affectedly dainty in manner or gait. sully. "I'm famished—is there anything to eat?" synonyms: very hungry. mar. niminy-piminy. rare sharp-set. infect. queeny. undernourished. chichi. faint from lack of food. debase. crumble. mincing walk. 1. dandyish. half-starved. his hips slightly swaying" Famished adjective informal 1. starved. informalsashay "she stood up and minced out of the room" affected. walk with short quick steps in an affectedly dainty manner. degrade. 2. effeminate. tarnish. cube. past participle: defiled 1. foppish. chop/cut into small pieces. cut up. pretentious. especially meat) into very small pieces. hash "mince the meat and mix in the remaining ingredients" 2. sissy. "the land was defiled by a previous owner" synonyms: spoil. poison. informalpeckish. informalponcey "he had a strange. typically in a machine. taint. precious. dirty. "there were plenty of secretaries mincing about" synonyms: walk affectedly. dice. pollute. dying of hunger. befoul. informalcamp. grind. starving.

stain. "the tomb had been defiled and looted" synonyms: desecrate. dishonor. "we emerged after defiling through the mountainsides" Unbesmirched Not besmirched besmirched . 2. discredit. treat sacrilegiously. "she was afraid that her very capacity for love had been defiled" antonyms: purify o desecrate or profane (something sacred). past participle: defiled 1. profane. sully. violate. soil. besmear. pollute. degrade. vitiate "the sacred bones had been defiled" antonyms: sanctify o archaic rape or sexually assault (a woman). contaminate. adjective. tarnish. make impure. . debase. "and the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love. dishonour. blacken. Synonyms. (of troops) march in single file. and they defiled her with their whoredom" Defile2 verb archaic past tense: defiled.