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DESIGN STEPS FOR MIX OF M20 GRADE CONCRETE

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:

1) TARGET STRENGTH FOR MIX PROPORTIONING:

f'ck =fck + 1.65 s

Where,

f'ck = target average compressive strength at 28 days;

fck = characteristic compressive strength at 28 days=20 MPa;

s = standard deviation from table 1=4 N/mm2

Hence, Target mean strength=20+1.65×=26.6 N/mm2

2) SELECTION OF WATER-CEMENT RATIO:

**From following of figure, for free w/c ratio required for the target mean strength of
**

26.6N/mm2 is 0.50.

Figure 1:W/C ratio selection

the free water cement ratio is taken as the minimum of above three values=0. Figure 2:W/C ratio selection by target mean strength From following table the maximum free water –cement ratio for “Mild exposure” is 0. the free water cement ratio is 0.50.for curve D.65 Moderate 0. Table 1:W/C as per Durability Requirements Exposure Condition Maximum Water cement Ratio Mild 0.52. From following figure 28 days strength of cement 51 N/mm2(43grade cement).65.45 Hence . .55 Severe 0.

5)=0.1 ii)For increase in compression 3 0 factor(0.6 kg/m3 Required sand content percentage of total aggregate by absolute volume p=35-3.6-0.the air content is taken as 2.6kg w/c =0.6 liter=191. compacting factor and sand belonging to zone-III the following adjustments are required: Table 2:Adjustment of values in water content and sand percentage for other conditions Change in condition Adjustment required water content percentage sand in total aggregate i) For decrease in water-cement 0 -2 ratio(0.5=31.5 Total 3 -3.50 Water=191. 3) ESTIMATION OF AIR CONTENT: For maximum size of aggregate of 20mm.OK .8)=0.20 kg/m3=383 kg/m3>300kg/m3….9-0.1 iii)For sand conforming to zone-III 0 -1.5 C=382.5 Required water content=186+(186+0. water content per cubic meter of concrete=186 kg sand = 35 % of total aggregate by absolute volume for change in values in water-cement ratio.5 191.50% 5) DETERMINATION OF CEMENT CONTENT: Water-cement ratio=0.03)=191.6/c=0.0%. 4) CALCULATION OF CEMENT CONTENT: From following table for 20mm nominal aggregate and sand conforming to zone-II.

mass of C. Extra quantity of water to be added =(1.24 kg…………………………….208% water by mass. C.918+(383/3. contains 2. AND C.28 7) QUANTITIES FOR 1 KG OF CEMENT: Water Cement F.6 liter 383Kg/m 558.28×73)/100=1.75 Kg/m3 1256.quantity of water=25. 25 liter 50 Kg 73 Kg 164 Kg 8) ADJUSTMENT FOR WATER ABSORPTION AND FREE MOISTURE IN F.50 1 1.98 lit(+) iii) F.28% free moisture by mass Quantity of water to be deducted =(2.A.315)×2.A.98m3 V=[W+(C/SC)+(fa/P×Sfa]/1000 0.918+(383/3.75)]×1000 Ca=1256.A.The cement content is adequate for mild exposure condition.75 kg…………………………….46 3.66 lit(-) iv) Actual quantity of water to be added . 6) DETERMINATION OF FINE AGGREGATE AND COARSE AGGREGATE CONTENT : Consider volume of concrete=1 m3 But.208×164)/100=1.98=[1.A. 3 191.15)+(fa/0.98=[1.5.A.A.A.15)+(fa/(1-0.mass of F.315×2. MIX PROPERTIONS(By Mass): Water Cement F. entrapped air in wet concrete=2% Absolute volume of fresh concrete=1-0.0 lit ii) C. V=[W+(C/SC)+(fa/(1-P)×SCa]/1000 0. absorbs 1.02=0.66)]×1000 fa=558.A.A. C.: i) For W/C ratio=0.A.24 Kg/m3 0.

66=25.98-1.32 liter 50 Kg 74.32 lit v) Actual quantity of sand(FA) required after allowing for mass of free moisture.A.66=74. =25+1. =73+1.98=162.66 lit vi) Actual quantity of coarse aggregate required=164-1. C.A.66 Kg 162.02kg 9) Actual quantities (by mass) for 1 bag of cement: Water Cement F. 25.02 Kg .

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