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Block Test for Module 3 H2 Chemistry

Paper, Paper 2

Pyridine was discovered in 1849 by the Scottish chemist Thomas Anderson as one of the
constituents of bone oil. Two years later, Anderson isolated pure pyridine through fractional
distillation of the oil. It is a colorless, highly flammable, weakly alkaline, water-soluble liquid with a
distinctive, unpleasant fish-like odor.

a) (i) Define enthalpy change of atomization


(ii) Experimentally the enthalpy change of atomization of pyridine was found to be+5135 kJ Mol-
1.Write a equation to represent it

b) Using relevant bond energy data from the data booklet, calculate another value for the enthalpy
change of atomization of pyridine
c) Write an equation to represent the enthalpy change of combustion of pyridine
d) When 1.13g of pyridine was combusted in a calorimeter, the procedure heated 100g of water
from 25 0C to 87 0C. This is process was known to be 65% efficient. Calculate the enthalpy
change of combustion of pyridine
(Specific heat capacity of water: 4.20 J g-1K-1)

The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide is a first order reaction

a) (i) What is meant by the term order of reaction [1 mark]


(ii) How long will it take for a 15% of a sample of H202 to decompose [2 marks]

b) The decomposition of H202 can be catalyzed by bromide ions. The rate equation is :
Rate= k[H202][Br-]. Give a 2 step mechanism involving BrO- as an intermediate that is consistent
with this rate equation [2 marks]

c) Iodide ions are oxidized in acid solution by hydrogen peroxide


(i) State 3 conditions that determine whether a reaction would occur when molecules
collide [3 marks]
(ii) Assuming the rate of the above reaction is zero order with respect to [H+], determine
the order of reaction with respect to [H202] and [I] based on the experimental results
shown below. Hence determine the rate constant for the reaction. ( Assume order of
reactions with respect to H2O2 and I are positive integers) [4 marks]

Expt Number [H202] [I-] Initial Rate mmol dm-3


s-1
1 0.01 0.02 0.08
2 0.02 0.03 0.24
3 0.03 0.04 0.48

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