Conference theme: TVET: Meeting the challenges of the Global Economy Thursday, August 12, 2010 @ 10:00 AM Almont Hotel, Butuan

City TRENDS, ISSUES AND PROSPECTS OF MARITIME SECTOR
by: LETICIA C. SALAS, Ph.D. in OD CEO/President Saint Joseph Institute of Technology Butuan City Vice President for Mindanao- PAMI

The Maritime World Industry is booming every year. Shipping of goods and cargoes is the less expensive source of transportation. The MIKC reports that 90 percent of the world¶s trade is done by ships or vessels and only 10 percent is transported by plane. According to the Maritime Industry Foundation¶s Knowledge Center, there are approximately 1.2 million people currently employed at sea in the Maritime Industry. This does not take into account employees working in related Maritime jobs on shore or land based jobs. Because of the rapid growth of the Maritime Industry, there is a great demand for Filipino seafarers not only in domestic shipping but more so in International vessels. Most Filipino seafarers work on cargo ships like tankers and container ships which usually do not need special crew members to take care of, unlike passenger or cruise ships where comfort of passengers is the priority. What is now the status of Filipino seafarers in terms of the world¶s demand? MARINA responsible for the effective & efficient implementation of the Apprenticeship Training of Maritime cadets says that there is an acute shortage of qualified Marine officers both Deck & Engine for the present Merchant Marine Fleet. As there are an increase of Merchant Marine vessels every year, in turn will require an increase of marine crew. As the Maritime program from CHED requires a 12 month shipboard training, only few maritime cadets are taken in by Manning Agencies. To partly solve the problem, some bold steps are taken: 1. PJMCC (Philippine .Japan Manning Consultative Council ) in cooperation with PAMI (Philippine Association of Maritime Institutions) initiated the MSAP Project

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(Maritime School Assessment Program) to set a benchmark for Philippine Maritime schools via nationwide standard examination given to all 2nd yr maritime cadets both deck & engine. MSAP started in 2007, and maritime cadets who got the first top one hundred of the examination were distributed to Manning Agencies for a sure shipboard training, and continuing every year. 2. PJMCC ±has a budget for Maritime Faculty Development Program funded by OWWA- Overseas Workers Welfare Fund This project started last year scheduled in every Region .Trainings like 6.09 ±for Maritime Instructor and 3.12 for Assessor and for this year- it is assigned to Mindanao Area. 3. CHED also came up with a bridging program where graduates of electrical and mechanical engineering take some units in marine engineering course, go for shipboard training , take board examination and be licensed maritime engineers. 4. Manning Agencies are now visiting Maritime schools to get the best cadets, get the best training and be part of their maritime officers 5. The practice now of PRC of allowing walk in examinations aside from scheduled examinations. Department of Labor & Employment posted in website OFW guide this article FILIPINO SEAFARERS, WORLD MOST SOUGHT. Let me quote some lines: ³The Philippines is the leading supplier of maritime power. About 30 percent of the world¶ seafarers are Filipinos .They have been in demand all over the world. In fact, Filipino seafarers are the world¶s most sought seafarers to meet the shipping industry¶s growing need for maritime officers.´ ³According to statistics quoted by NMP- National Maritime Polytechnic, the only government owned training center, from the ISF-International Shipping Federation, there was a shortage of about 10,000 maritime officers last year while ratings or nonofficers were oversupply with around 135,000.´ ³It is expected that the shortage for maritime workers will rise to 27,000 by year 2015. The demand for Filipino seafarers will continue to increase and statistics from POEA-Philippine overseas Employment Administration showing that the number of seabased workers deployed this year increase by 12 percent compared to last year.´ Study showed that global seafaring Industry is growing by 10 percent annually and would need some 35,000 officers in the next 5 to 10 years. The study said 14.8 percent of the marine officers in the global seafaring industry come from the Philippines. Also it showed that 10 percent of the senior maritime officers on board are Filipinos, 24 percent are junior officers & 65 percent are ratings or ordinary seaman.

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When we speak of challenges for global Economy, we always think of Filipino seafarers who are employed in international vessels throughout the world. Remittances of their income have boasted the Philippine Economy. Why are Filipino seafarers preferred by global seafaring Industry? 1. 2. 3. 4. Well-trained ( process before going on board is tedious) Manage and can adjust well to work with other foreign seafarers Speak English well Industrious, hardworking

POEA showed statistics on the increase of employment of Filipino seafarers ± Table 19 / Table 20 / Table 21. We have over 100 CHED Listed Maritime schools throughout the country, 90 maritime schools are members of PAMI, 34 Maritime Training centers plus many TESDA accredited schools. Our hands are full with this demand on hand. From this perspective, how does TVET and TESDA come in? Looking at the scenario, perhaps TESDA will do a paradigm shift in its curricular offerings and other training programs for maritime. That would be an open area for discussion for this convention, The trends and, issues are given. The prospects are bright and full of sunshine«The demand is great, the supply is less. --- That¶s our challenge! Show the SJIT MARITIME NEW CAMPUS LOCATED IN CUBI-CUBI BEACH IN AGUSAN DEL NORTE. As part of the requirement of IMO ± INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION THROUGH STCW ± STANDARDS OF TRAINING CERTIFICATION AND WATCKEEPING FOR SEAFARERS, 1978 AMENDED IN 1995 maritime schools should be located near the beach- for maritime cadets to see, feel and swim in the environment where they will work in the future.

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