58 views

Uploaded by api-227293354

- A. Karel Velan (Auth.) the Multi-Universe Cosmos- The First Complete Story of the Origin of the Universe 1992
- Msc Physics
- The Nature of Electricity
- Bohr’s Theory of the Atom 19134923 A case study in the progress of scientific research programmes.pdf
- She's an expert at continuum mechanics
- STPM-U6-21-1
- Derive Newton Laws From Quantum Mechanics
- Physics Spectrum
- PHYS 2B LEC
- chem1 chap3
- Journal of Borderland Research - Vol XLVI, No 5, September-October 1990
- ExP-IVb-ch4
- 1303.3787 Persamaan Mumet
- Process design
- Italic Roman Dec99
- em02
- Intro Cosmo Ryden 1
- Ma05
- Ed's Advertisement Mc2
- Illustration 5

You are on page 1of 7

NO BIG BA NG

Francis Fernandes

25th April 2013

The Rydberg photon whose radius corresponds with twice Bohrs radius is postulated to be the reason for the

cosmic microwave background frequency. Two great works on black body radiation by Planck and Wein

enabled this progression of thought: The process by which frequency is given and received by the Rydberg

photon. Hydrogen atoms in stars are comprised of Rydberg photons. The stars radiate CMBR.

Introduction

0.014399644

4.969218518 [3]

2.8977685 103

Another equation that equates Kelvin temperature with energy E of emitted light,

Moreover, the frequency required to raise the temperature of a body by one Kelvin,

DISCOVERY

Building on Niels Bohrs equations the derivation that follows develops an understanding of

how photo-electric conversions occur.

2

1 kq 2 2

En m e e

2 nh

2

1 c 2 10 7 m r 107 2

En me

2 n m c 2 r 137.036

yields,

2

1 c

En me

2 n 137.036

Rearranging terms,

2

1 1

En me c 2

2 n 137.036

En m Rydberg c 2

The ratio of electron mass to the Rydberg photon mass yields a value that involves the fine

structure constant.

m electron

2 n 2 137.0362

m Rydberg

The criticism Niels Bohr faced was that his model did not explain the fine structure patterns

exhibited in the spectral charts obtained for the Hydrogen atom. The above equation clearly

indicates the reason for the true source of the fine structure pattern. The fine structure value

exists on account of the inherent Rydberg photon and its conversion into an electron.

Another embarrassment Bohr faced was that his model depicted an electron in circular motion

orbiting a central nucleus. And yet, a deeper examination of Bohrs de rivation reveals that he

was near to affirming the truth.

1 kq 2 1

E me v 2 e me v 2

2 r 2

1 1 kq e2

me v 2 me v 2

2 2 r

kq e2

me v 2

r

The left hand side term is the energy of an electron at velocity, v. The electron is in circular

motion at a radial distance, r, which is Bohrs radius.

Replacing the radial distance, r, by 2r yields

1 kq e2

me v 2

2 2r

The key here is to distinguish between Bohrs radius and the classical electron radius.

The left hand side term is the kinetic energy of an electron in circular motion at velocity, v, and

the right hand side term stands for the potential energy of the Rydberg photon body pulsating

about twice Bohrs radius. In this fresh paradigm charge is conserved as shown below.

Rydberg photon

The factor taken to be the kinetic energy of an electron body by Niels Bohr is the potential

Rydberg photon energy.

kq e2

m Rydc 2

2r

En m Rydberg c 2

2

1 1

En me c 2

2 n 137.036

1 kq e2

En me v 2

2 2r

The equations above are extensions of the brilliant work of Niels Bohr. They depict photo-

electric conversions and a subsequent electron mass energy equivalence of an electron body in

pulsate motion.

Though mathematically correct, Niels Bohrs equation lacks physical justification. In this

equation the kinetic energy of the electron is in fact the potential energy of the Rydberg

photon, where 2r is the descriptor of this photon body.

The reason for 2r is described in this paper hand written by me on a train in Europe. It is the

solution for the Gamma Factor.

The Rydberg Photon

Defined below is the Rydberg photon, the reason for Rydbergs constant, a descriptor of

wave number or inverse wavelength of the Rydberg photon as observed in hydrogen

spectra.

Wavenumber or Inverse wavelength or Rydberg constant 10973731.55 m-1

An angle times 137.036 precession produces a temperature that is very close to that

produced by the CMBR.

Substitute the new measure of mass due to precession of the Rydberg photon,

m c h

The wavelength due to the Rydberg twist is twice the Bohr radius times a factor of 107

This wavelength equals the radius of the Rydberg photon 1.058354422 103 m

2.8977685 103 T

T 2.737994418 2.738K

The temperature of 2.738K is close to 2.725 for the CMBR

The Boltzmann constant k has been deconstructed by me,

E 4.969218518 k T

T 2.737994352 2.738K

Apply Plancks equation,

0.014399644 T

T 13.60569175K eV ea

T 13.60569175K eV ea

13.60569175

a 19

8.492005403 1019 m / s 2

1.60217653 10

a c f

8.492005403 1019

f 2.832628099 1011 Hz

2.99792458 108

THE CMBR FREQUENCY

f

T 13.60569175K eV ea

f *

CONCLUDING REMARKS

Depicts the wavelength of a photon body in precession; this wavelength

corresponds to the radius of the photon body.

The Kelvin temperature T is the same term as electron volts or heat attributed to

this photon body. Heat eV is not energy eVe.

2. The Wein black body radiation constant is the measure of emitted light in this

case the CMBR radiated by the Rydberg photon body undergoing precession ,

2.8977685 103 T

electron which is 511 keV

A big blunder in physics has been uncovered in the IE of a hydrogen atom

4. The CMBR has been recorded at 2.725 K which is close to 2.738 K the

temperature of a photon body of measured mass m,

m 2 107 137.036 2.4254347891035 2.0883541241039 kg

(Precession) (Rydberg photon mass) = (CMBR photon mass)

perfect match with literature values stated at 283 GHz. [Ref. 2]

The CMBR is radiation from stars. Stars are comprised of hydrogen atoms. The spectra of

hydrogen atoms produce a number called the Rydberg constant. The Rydberg constant is

the wave number of a photon mass, the Rydberg photon. The CMBR temperature is due to a

precession of the Rydberg photon by a factor of 2 107 137.036

And so I conclude that the BIG BANG never happened. The Nobel Prize was awarded on a

huge assumption that the microwave frequency started as a vibration millions of years ago.

References

1. http://www.worldsci.org/people/Francis_Fernandes,

F.V. Fernandes, The Solution of The Boltzmann Constant, 2012

2. http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Cosmic_microwave_background_radiation.html

- A. Karel Velan (Auth.) the Multi-Universe Cosmos- The First Complete Story of the Origin of the Universe 1992Uploaded bydsudipta
- Msc PhysicsUploaded bykvanps_kumar
- The Nature of ElectricityUploaded byg0mdk6036
- Bohr’s Theory of the Atom 19134923 A case study in the progress of scientific research programmes.pdfUploaded byfisfil4681
- She's an expert at continuum mechanicsUploaded bysam iam / Salvatore Gerard Micheal
- STPM-U6-21-1Uploaded byTutor_KL
- Derive Newton Laws From Quantum MechanicsUploaded bybknaruma
- Physics SpectrumUploaded byBalendra55
- PHYS 2B LECUploaded byZandra Rojo
- chem1 chap3Uploaded byNaveed Khan Sherani
- Journal of Borderland Research - Vol XLVI, No 5, September-October 1990Uploaded byThomas Joseph Brown
- ExP-IVb-ch4Uploaded bysnow92686
- 1303.3787 Persamaan MumetUploaded byWidya Pradipta
- Process designUploaded byIdehen Kelvin
- Italic Roman Dec99Uploaded byandrew
- em02Uploaded byEmma
- Intro Cosmo Ryden 1Uploaded byJrosario Vega
- Ma05Uploaded byFidel Yo
- Ed's Advertisement Mc2Uploaded byStaicu Dan Costin
- Illustration 5Uploaded byd anjilappa
- Energy Bands LectureUploaded byJanakaPAbeysinghe
- Concentric ToriUploaded byDennis Lee
- 2009 Iit ( Paper-1 ) With SolutionsUploaded byRaja Kushwah
- UE geas1.docxUploaded bymarkbogs
- LECTURE-1Uploaded byGeolowell Añasco
- Chapter24 StudentUploaded byPuteri Nur Shaheerah
- Optical Models for Quantum MechanicsUploaded byguillherme
- Fisika IntiUploaded byFandi Ahmad
- Monte Carlo Simulation of Electron Interaction With a Thin FilmUploaded byali1390jhan
- 01591346Uploaded byParticle Beam Physics Lab

- jhhjUploaded byCharlie Hultgreen
- QUIZ 1.pdfUploaded byYan Teng
- worksheet_23.pdfUploaded byVijay Bhaskar
- 2-Liquid Drop ModelUploaded bydiyana8894
- Field Guide to Subatomic ParticlesUploaded bymathisryan
- Atoms Quiz Game with Answers for Science Educators - Download .ppt at www.sciencepowerpoint.comUploaded byRyan Murphy
- Introduction to Hilbert Space and the Theory of Spectral MultiplicityUploaded byskribid2011
- Relativistic Effects in Atomic and Molecular PropertiesUploaded byJean Pierre Sanchez R
- Compton EffectUploaded byEric McElroy
- Quantum Mechanics Lectures NoteUploaded byNirmalya Nandi
- IIT JEEUploaded byAneesh Dhamodaran
- Fred H. Wöhlbier. The Evolution of MeaningUploaded byVadim Reimer
- quantum vacuum and gravity.pdfUploaded byyuzuru
- 1704.01613Uploaded bycdcrossroader
- A Brief History of TimeUploaded bySusan Roberts
- Schrodinger Con Wood-SaxonUploaded byAnonymous fOVZ45O5
- Ab.docxUploaded byDevansh
- L. Krauss' Review of Tipler's Book 'the Physics of Christianity'Uploaded byMathieu Boredstein
- FIRAS (479)Uploaded bySoran Kahtan
- Wave properties of particlesUploaded bycornel_24
- (Particle Acceleration and Detection) Valery Lebedev, Vladimir Shiltsev (eds.)-Accelerator Physics at the Tevatron Collider-Springer-Verlag New York (2014).pdfUploaded byAurelian Solon
- Miransky, Dynamical Symmetry Breaking in Quantum Field TheoriesUploaded byIvan Vido
- Wave Particle DualityUploaded bylau_mönzter_1
- Physics RevisionUploaded byOsaid Ather
- BaWendi 1990-Quantum DotsUploaded byczidane
- The renormalization group. Wilson.pdfUploaded byCarlos González
- Paul Hoiland- The Superimpeller Field Propulsion ModelUploaded byHerftez
- Many Body ApproachUploaded bychvar80
- ch01Uploaded byDonghyun Kim
- Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers SolutionsUploaded byJosé Pedro Casagrande Trentín