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TECHINICAL SPECIFICATIONS

PIPE EARTHING
1. 0 SCOPE:
1.1 This specification covers design, manufacture, testing, supply and installation of Earthing
Device (Heavy duty) for use of earthing of Distribution Sub-station having DTR capacity of
100 KVA or more at different locations under NESCO area .
Following are the list of Sub-stations under NESCO area to be earthed.

Name of
BED CED BTED JED BNED BSED SED BPED RED KED JOED AED KUED JTED Total
the
Division

No. of
DTR S/S
50 50 50 75 75 50 50 80 50 60 50 50 128 100 918
to be
earthed

1.2 Excavation of earth pit with proper size , Installation of pipe earthing including supply
of earth electrodes, GI flats, GI nuts & bolts, refilled with earth enhancement materials and
earth chamber made of brick masonry with RCC slab cover.

1.3 Each Sub-station earthing consist of 3 nos. earth pits, grid connection with 75x10 mm GI flat
& earthing risers for all equipments and metal marts of the Sub-station 50x6 mm GI flat.

2.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

2.1 Earthing pipe must be made out 40 mm nominal bore & 4 mm wall thickness heavy gauge
(no minus Tolerance allowed) Hot Dip G.I pipe (as per IS ;- 1239, Part-1, 1990 & REC
construction Standard J-2) of reputed Make & 2.5 mtr. long . The pipe electrode shall be cut
tapered at the bottom side for a length of 75 mm and welded clamp at top end.
2.2 The pipe shall be in one piece and no joint shall be allowed in the electrode.
2.3 Staggered drills hole of 12 mm Dia of interval of 150mm up to 2 meter from bottom side
shall be made before galvanization.
2.4 The GI Earthing Clamp/ Strip (C- Clamp Type) is to be of 75mm width, 10mm thickness
& flange length of 65 mm to be welded with pipe before galvanization. This should
be suitable for termination of 4 nos of GI Flat to the earth electrodes. The Clamp/ Strip
& Earthing pipe after fabrication will be hot dip galvanized confirming to IS: 2629/85
with latest amendments. The clamp shall have two holes in both sides suitable for 5/8 x
2 Bolt & provided with two GI Bolts of 5/8 x 2 long half threaded with spring
washer.
2.5 The galvanization tests are to be conducted as per IS: 2633/72 & IS: 6745/72 & its latest
amendments.
All galvanizing shall be carried out by the hot dip process, in accordance with Specification IS 2629.
However, high tensile steel nuts, bolts and spring washer shall be electro galvanized to Service
Condition 4. The zinc coating shall be smooth, continuous and uniform. It shall be free from acid spot
and shall not scale, blister or be removable by handling or packing. There shall be no impurities in the
zinc or additives to the galvanic bath which could have a detrimental effect on the durability of the zinc
coating.
The weight of zinc deposited shall be in accordance with that stated in Standard IS 2629 and shall not
less than 0.61kg/m with a minimum thickness of 86 microns for items of thickness more than 5mm,
0.46kg/m (64 microns) for items of thickness between 2mm and 5mm and 0.33kg/m (47 microns) for
items less than 2mm thick.

TECHINICAL SPECIFICATIONS
G.I. Flat (75 x 10 mm) & G.I.Flat (50 x 6 mm)

1.0 SCOPE :

The specification covers manufacture, testing and supply & erection of Galvanized Steel flat for Earthing
arrangements. 75x10 mm GI flat for connection of Transformer neutral earthing and 50x6 mm GI flat for
connection of Transformer body, AB Switch, HG fuse, DB, LA etc. earthing

2.0 APPLICABLE STANDARDS:

Materials shall conform to the latest applicable Indian standards. In case bidders offer steel section and
supports conforming to any other international specifications which shall be equivalent or better than IS, the
same is also acceptable.
Sl. No. Standard No. Title
1 IS:2062 Grade A Quality Specification for M.S. Channel
and M.S. Flat
2 IS:2062 Chemical and Physical
Composition of material
3 IS:1852 Rolling and Cutting Tolerances for
Hot Rolled Steel products
3.0 RAW MATERIAL :

The steel section shall be re-rolled from the BILLETS/INGOTS of tested quality as per latest version of IS:
2830 or to any equivalent International standard and shall be arranged by the bidder from their own sources.
The chemical composition and physical properties of the finished materials shall be as per the relevant
standards.

4.0 TEST

Steel sections shall be tested in IS approved laboratory or standard laboratory of the Bidder country having all
facilities available for conducting all the tests as prescribed in relevant IS or IEC or to any equivalent
International laboratory or Institutions.

The Bidders are required to specifically indicate that;

They hold valid IS (or equivalent IEC) License.


Steel Section offered are bearing requisite IS certification or equivalent IEC marks.

The Bidders are required to submit a copy of the valid IS (or equivalent IEC) License clearly indicating size
and range of product against respective ISS or any equivalent International Standards along with their offer.

5.0 PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Length

The GS Flat to be supplied shall be in 5.5 meters to 13 meters lengths.

Weighment
The weighment of GS Flat shall be witnessed by the consignee at the time of taking delivery. The weight
recorded in the material receipt certificate issued by the consignees shall be final.
6.0 Chemical composition and physical properties of M.S.Channels and M.S.Flat conforming to IS: 2062/84L
composition.
Chemical Composition For Fe 410 WA Grade

1 C - 0.23% MAX.
2 Mn - 1.5% MAX.
3 S - 0.050% MAX.
4 P - 0.050% MAX.
5 SI - 0.40% MAX.
6 CE - 0.42% MAX.
(Carbon Equivalent)

7.0 Mechanical Properties

1. Tensile strength Kgf/mm - 410


2. Yield stress Min. for thickness/diameter
<20 mm - 26 Kgf/mm OR 250N/mm
20-40 mm - 24Kgf/mm OR 240N/mm
40 mm - 23Kgf/mm OR 230N/mm
3. Elongation % - 23%
4. Bend Test (Internal Dia) - Min-3t (this the thickness of the material)

8.0 MARKING

It is desirable that the Bidders should put his identification marks on the finished materials. The mark shall be
in legible English letters

9.0 INSPECTION AND TEST CERTIFICATE

9.1 The materials to be supplied will be subject to inspection and approval by the purchasers representative
before dispatch and / or on arrival at the destination. Inspection before dispatch shall not, however, relieve the
bidders of his responsibility to supply the steel section strictly in accordance with the specification.

The bidders shall abide by all the statutory provisions, acts such as the Indian Electricity Act, Indian factory
Act, Indian Boiler Act etc,. and corresponding rules and regulations as may be applicable and as amended
from time to time.
The purchasers representative shall be entitled at all reasonable time during manufacture to inspect, examine
and test at the bidders premises the materials and workmanship of the steel section to be supplied.
As soon as the steel section are ready for testing , the bidders shall intimate the purchaser well in advance, so
that action may be taken for getting the material inspected. The material shall not be dispatched unless waiver
of inspection is obtained or inspected by the purchasers authorized representative.
The test certificate shall be in accordance with the latest version of the relevant Indian Standard or any
equivalent International standards.
The acceptance of any batch /lot shall in no way relieve the bidder of any of his responsibilities for meeting all
the requirements of the specification and shall not prevent subsequent rejection of any item if the same later
found defective.
9.2 All conductors burred in earth and concrete and above ground level shall be galvanized steel. Galvanized steel
shall be subject to four one minute dips in copper sulphate solution as per IS:2633/1922.

9.3 METHOD OF GALVANISING:

Sl. No. Tests For GS Flat

1 Dip test 4 dips of 1 min each


2 Mass of Zinc coating 300 gram/sq.m minimum

9.4 Pre dispatch inspection shall be performed to witness following tests:


Freedom from defects, Verification
of dimensions Galvanization tests
Mechanical tests
Chemical composition tests

These tests are to be performed and certified at Govt. recognized laboratory

MS flat shall conform to IS 2062 & its latest amendments for steel & Galvanization as per IS 4759 & its
Latest amendments.

The flat shall be coated with Zn 98 Zinc grade.

The minimum Zinc coating shall be 610 gm/sqm for thickness more than 5 mm and 460 gm/sqm for
item thickness less than 5 mm.

9.5 Inspection & Rejection :

The representative of Purchaser shall pick up samples at random from the GI Flats offered for
carrying out routine tests as per specified IS.
The representative shall make visual inspection on each & every GI flats.
The purchaser reserves the right to reject on inspection after the same is received at destination.

EARTH PIT CONSTRUCTION

1. Excavation on earth for a normal earth Pit size is 1.5M X 1.5M X 3.0 M
2. Insert the electrode at the centre of the earth pit and arrange to keep it vertical in the pit.
3. Make a mixture of Wood Coal Powder, Salt & Sand & loam soil mixed with Bentonate powder all in equal
part for earth enhancement materials
(a) Wood Coal Powder use as good conductor of electricity, anti corrosive, rust prove for GI Plate for long life.
(b) Salt use as electrolyte to form conductivity between GI Plate Coal and Earth with humidity
(c) Sand has used to form porosity to cycle water & humidity around the mixture
4. Arrange for adequate quantity of water supply for the earth pit. (Approx. 600 litres)
5. Fill the pit with the backfill and keep on adding the earth enhancement material surrounding the electrode
and simultaneously watering the pit.
6.With a steel bar or pipe, keep on poking the soil gel and stirring intermittently for removing the air pockets
and proper settlement of the pit.
7. The procedure to be repeated till completion of the filling of the earth pit along with the packing material
and sufficient watering adequate ramming.
8. The pit should be very compactly rammed and watering for 2-3 days and addition of soil if required be
done.
9. Construct inspection chamber with cover for installation.
10. Maintain less than one Ohm Resistance from EARTH PIT conductor to a distance of 15Meters around the
EARTH PIT with another conductor dip on the Earth at least 500 mm deep.
11. Check Voltage between EARTH PIT conductor to Neutral of Mains Supply 220V AC 50 Hz it should be
less than 2.0 Volts
Construction of ring earth by providing multiple earth pits
i) The distance between two successive earth electrodes shall be min. 3mtrs/length of electrode whichever is
higher, and max. up to twice the length of the electrode.
ii)These earth pits shall then be inter linked using 75x10 mm GI Flat to form a loop preferably using
exothermic welding or with the help of at least two number of stainless steel nut bolts of appropriate size.
iii) The interconnecting strip shall be buried no less than 600mm(0.6m) below the ground level. This
interconnecting strip shall also be covered with earth enhancing compound.
Inspection Chamber
i) A 300x300x300mm (inside dimension) concrete box (wall thickness min. 50mm) with smooth cement
plaster finish shall be provided on the top of the pit. A concrete lid 25 to 50mm thick, with pulling hooks,
painted black shall be provided to cover the earth pit. PVC sleeve of appropriate size shall be provided in
concrete wall to take out earthing connections.
ii)The masonry work shall be white washed inside and outside.
iii)Care shall be taken regarding level of the floor surrounding the earth so that the connector is not too deep
in the masonry or projecting out of it.
iv)On backside of the cover, date of testing and average resistance value shall be written with yellow paint
on black back ground.
Earth Electrode (40 NB 2.5 Mtr Length)

Guaranteed Technical Particulars


(To be submitted along with Offer)

Sl. No.
Part Bidders Offer
1. Location of Factory or Place of Manufacture
2. Makers Name, Address & Country
3. Size of
a Pipe
b Earthing Strips
4. Length
5. Thickness of Pipe
6. Galvanization Process
7. Galvanization thickness
a For Earthing device
b For Connecting Flat
8. Galavanization tests to be conducted as per ISS
9. Any other Particulars ( like details of Clamp/ G.I. Bolts)
10. Details of Drawings submitted

G.I. Flat (75 x 10 mm) & G.I. Flat (50 x 6 mm)

Guaranteed Technical Particulars


(To be submitted along with Offer)

Sl.
No. Particulars Bidders Offer
1 Location of Factory or Place of Manufacture
2 Makers Name, Address & Country
3 Size of G.I. Flat
4 Standard Length
5 Galvanization Process
6 Galvanization thickness
7 Galavanization tests to be conducted

Signature of the Bidder with Company Seal