GENERAL TEACHING STRATEGIES DIRECT EXPOSITORY APPROACHES 1.

Review the previous learning The reviews include previously taught such as concepts, process and skills. It can include questioning students and students can demonstrate of their knowledge or skills. 2. Teacher materials preparation of new

Teacher prepare new materials include objective and careful and plenty of explanation, learned. 3. Guided practice.
1

demonstration

of to be

concepts, process or skills

When the pupils seem understand what to be taught, it is time to guide them in practice of new material. 4. Feedback and Correction During the guided practice, you must practice session carefully. If students’ responses are wrong, try to help them find a correct response. To do this, prompt and clues are can be useful.
5.

Independent practice.

When student have practice under guidance enough to achieve success quite reasonable rate, it is time for independent practice. During this time, the teacher should supervise to make sure the process of learning occur.
2

3

TEACHER TALK OR LECTURE Purpose: To present a large body of information in an efficient manner Several guiding principles of effective lecture methods: • It should be clear • It should be motivating • It should be supported by audiovisual media, demonstration, illustration, etc. • It should involve students activity – for example questions, discussion • It should be well organized

students

comments, and

demonstration

It should tie in with previous and future lessons.

• It should be presented in natural and understood language.
4

5

DEMONSTRATION Purpose: To provide students the

opportunity to see the phenomenon or event. It also can be use to teach concepts or skills directly. • When using demonstration or other show-how techniques, you must set the stage.

Demonstration is not only preparing material, but also explaining what you are going to do and why. Think what student should look for.

• Make sure everyone can see. • Once you are ready to start, proceed slowly so the students can follow. • You may have to repeat time if the the
6

demonstration

several

procedure

are

complex

to

ensure

students understand.

7

QUESTIONING Purpose: To stimulate thinking by engaging the learner. Questioning is one of the most common teaching technique It is useful to: • Find out what student know and don’t know • Develop ability to think • Motivate student learning • Provide drill and practice • Help students organize material • Help students interpret material • Emphasize important point • Discover student interest • Develop appreciation • Provide review • Diagnose students

8

• Evaluate students progress • Obtain attention

9

GOOD QUESTION There are many way to classify question. It can be classify as follow:
3. Highest Level(Application/Evaluation)
Question encourage; Hypothetical deductive thinking, judgement making Key word: apply principle, build model, evaluate, extrapolate, forecast, generalize, hypotheses, imagine

2. Intermediate Level (Processing information) Question encourage: cause and effect relationships, data analysis Key word: analyze, classify, compare, contrast, explain, synthesize, make analogy. 1.Lowest level (Gathering and Recalling Information) Question encourage: finding student concepts, experience, misconception. Key word: observe, identify, name describe, count, list, match, select.
10

Question can also be classified as Closed or Convergent question and Open or Divergence question. Closed Question. This type of question focus on single answer (They converge to one point).
QUESTION ANSWER

Open Question Open question or divergent encourage a broader and deeper range of deeper range of diverse responses.
ANSWER QUESTION ANSWER

11

ANSWER

12

Discussion Purpose: To promote an exchange of information ideas among students or a group of student. Discussions are used frequently in science instruction. To be effective, discussion should be carefully planned. The teacher must plan discussion so information is accurate and student can focus to the topic. Some suggestion to conduct discussion as follow: • Think carefully about topic and initial question. • Prepare through students reading for or discussion laboratory

experiences.

13

• Provide a sheet of questions that can be used to guide the discussion. • Facilitate discussion through planning, questioning and summarizing.

14

Educational Software/ Computer/web Purpose: To allow students the opportunity to review record/information and inquire concepts and skills. Educational software/computer have been used widely in many modern science classroom. Suggestion for used software as follow; • Select task. • Use software as a part of the planned instruction. software/ web sites that aligned to the teaching and learning

15

Field Trip Purpose: to provide a learning experience that is unique and cannot be accomplished in the classroom. Field trip can be exciting activities to the science program. They also can be disaster. The differences between the learning experience and disaster lies on the preparation. As the science teacher you must decide the appropriateness of the timing, destination, place and trip sequences. Some guide line as follow: • Take the trip yourself before making the trip with the students. • Prepare the students for the trip information learning behaviours.
16

with

the and

objective, expected

activities

• Make sure transportation has been made and safe. • Confirm any prior arrangement for admission destination. • Obtain permission from the parents and arrange for additional science teacher for the trip. and guides at your

17

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful