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180

27 B.C.
A.D.

44 B.C.

Punic Wars

509 476
B.C. A.D.
Do you know
1. What is the PAX ROMANA?
2. What contributions the
Romans made in
technology and law?
3. Why the PAX ROMANA ended?
Pax (Peace) Romana

27 B.C. 180 A.D.


200 year period of virtual peace
Started with Augustus Caesar and
ended with the death of Marcus
Aurelius
Conquered people rebelled but
rebellions usually easily squashed

Augustus Caesar Marcus Aurelius


Government became a dictatorship led by an
emperor.
*There was still a Senate though.
Many achievements were made during this
time in:
Art like sculpture (busts)
Architecture aqueducts, arches and forums
Engineering roads and bridges
Medicine
Science
It was a golden age
GOLDEN = GOOD =
WEALTH AND PROSPERITY
Augustus Caesar
27 B.C. 14 A.D.
Maintained a strong
economic system
Free trade within the empire
Extended the highway
system connecting the vast
parts of the empire
Developed an effective
postal service
Built bridges and aqueducts
Was a patron to many artists
and writers
Was emperor when Jesus
was born
Roman Roads
All roads lead to Rome

Uniform money
system
Located near Salamanca, Spainhad 26 arches
Famous Roman Aqueduct
Carried water from the mountains to
the cities

Pont du Gard, France ( 30 miles long)


Built 20 B.C.
Pantheon a temple to all the gods of Ancient Rome. Almost two
thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the
world's largest unreinforced concrete dome
I tell about war and the hero
who first from Troys frontier,
displaced by destiny,
cameTo Italy a man
much travailed on sea and
land. By the powers above,
because the brooding anger
of Juno, Suffering much in
war until he could found a
city
And march his gods into
Latium, whence rose the
Latin race, and the high
walls of Rome.
Virgil, Aeneid

Virgil Roman author Livy Roman author

Poetry
Writers imitated Greek styles in prose and poetry.
Virgil praised Romes heroic past in the Aeneid.
Poets used verse to satirize, or make fun of,
Roman society.
T-shirts
Bread & Circuses
Circus Maximus
Romes largest race course
Chariot races were a huge spectator
sport

Scene from Ben Hur


Circus Maximus (Recreation)
Colosseum
One of Romes greatest architectural
achievements
Home to the Gladiator Events
Most gladiators were slaves
Some won their freedom, others met their death
Present day inside of Colosseum
Keep the people happy & remind them of war!
Events were paid with tax dollars
Meant to pacify (calm) citizens
There were underlying political and
social problems that were not
being addressed
These problems eventually led to
the fall of Rome

Gladiator scene =
ch18; 1:41:00
1:44:30
Roman Achievements
Government and law
5 Principles of Roman Law
1. All men are equal under the law
2. Innocent until proven guilty
3. Accused have the right to face
accuser
4. Accused has the right to defend
himself against the charge
5. Judges are allowed to interpret the
laws and are expected to make fair
decisions based on evidence
180
27 B.C.
A.D.

44 B.C.

Punic Wars

509 476
B.C. A.D.
HOMEWORK for MONDAY
READ Chapter 6, SECTION 4
The Rise of Christianity
Complete the Section 4 Review
questions #1-6.
BE PREPARED FOR A QUIZ ON THE
READING
Dont forget about VOCABULARY FLASH
CARDS due TUESDAY 12/10