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# Mechanical Design of Machine Elements

Complete after watching Module 42: Randomly Varying Stresses and Miners Rule

## Module 42 Example: Randomly Varying Stresses and Miners Rule

The varying, fluctuating stresses shown below are found at the critical location of a
component. The material is steel, the fully adjusted endurance limit is 30 ksi, the
ultimate strength is 120 ksi. f = 0.82.

## What is the accumulative damage of this part?

What is the life of the part in hours if this stress pattern continues to repeat for the
remainder of the parts life?

ksi
80

60

40
30

10
-5
-20

-40

-60

10 seconds

## n sigma min sigma max sigma a sigma m

Where:
Cycle 1 2 -20 40 30 10
s max - s min
Cycle 2 1 -60 80 70 10 sa =
2
Cycle 3 2 -40 60 50 10 s + s min
s m = max
Cycle 4 1 -5 30 17.5 12.5
2
Mechanical Design of Machine Elements
Complete after watching Module 42: Randomly Varying Stresses and Miners Rule

## Module 42 Example: Randomly Varying Stresses and Miners Rule

The varying, fluctuating stresses shown below are found at the critical location of a
component. The material is steel, the fully adjusted endurance limit is 30 ksi, the
ultimate strength is 120 ksi. f = 0.82.

## What is the accumulative damage of this part?

What is the life of the part in hours if this stress pattern continues to repeat for the
remainder of the parts life?

## n sigma min sigma max sigma a sigma m

Cycle 1 2 -20 40 30 10

Cycle 2 1 -60 80 70 10

Cycle 3 2 -40 60 50 10

## Cycle 4 1 -5 30 17.5 12.5

Before we can calculate the number of each type of cycle the part can withstand,
we need to find a and b.
( fS ut ) 2 [(0.82)(120)]2
a 322.8
Se 30
1 fS 1 (0.82)(120)
b log ut log 0.17
3 Se 3 30
The cycles are fluctuating, so to calculate the number of cycles, we need _ .

a 30
1
32.7
1
0.17
rev _ eq1
b
32.7 N1 rev 602900.1
m 10
1 1 a 322.8
Sut 120
a 70
1
85.7
1
0.17
rev _ eq 2
b
76.4 N 2 rev 4368.4
m 10
1 1 a 322.8
Sut 120
Mechanical Design of Machine Elements
Complete after watching Module 42: Randomly Varying Stresses and Miners Rule

## Module 42 Example: Randomly Varying Stresses and Miners Rule

The varying, fluctuating stresses shown below are found at the critical location of a
component. The material is steel, the fully adjusted endurance limit is 30 ksi, the
ultimate strength is 120 ksi. f = 0.82.

## What is the accumulative damage of this part?

What is the life of the part in hours if this stress pattern continues to repeat for the
remainder of the parts life?

## n sigma min sigma max sigma a sigma m

Cycle 1 2 -20 40 30 10

Cycle 2 1 -60 80 70 10

Cycle 3 2 -40 60 50 10

## Cycle 4 1 -5 30 17.5 12.5

a 50
1
32.7
1
0.17
rev _ eq 3
b
54.5 N 3 rev 30910.9
10
1 m 1 a 322.8
Sut 120
a 17.5
1
19.5
1
0.17
rev _ eq 4
b
19.5 N 4 rev 12118951.2
m 12.5
1 1 a 322.8
Sut 120

## Then, we can calculate the accumulative damage, D.

ni 2 1 2 1
D 0.00030
N i 602900.1 4368.4 30910.9
Since these cycles repeat every 10 seconds, we can use D to calculate the total life
of the part.
1 10 sec 1 min 1hr
time * * * 9.35hrs
0.00030 1cycle 60 sec 60 min