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14/2/2017 Ovid:ChronicExposuretoAgriculturalPesticidesandNeurologicEffectsonAgriculturalWorkersinMuna,Yucatan,Mexico.

Epidemiology
Nmero:Volume18(5)Suppl,September2007,pS153
Copyright:2007LippincottWilliams&Wilkins,Inc.
Tipodepublicacin:[ISEE2007CONFERENCEABSTRACTSSUPPLEMENT:Abstracts]
DOI:10.1097/01.ede.0000276798.00592.d9
ISSN:10443983
Registro:0000164820070900100505

Ocultarportada

[ISEE2007CONFERENCEABSTRACTSSUPPLEMENT:Abstracts]

ChronicExposuretoAgriculturalPesticidesandNeurologicEffectsonAgriculturalWorkersin
Muna,Yucatn,Mxico
Alvarado,J*Gonzalez,RL*Rodriguez,AGPerezHerrera,NQuintanilla,B

Informacinsobreelautor
*UniversidadAutonomadeYucatan,MexicoCinvestavipn,MexicoNiversidadAutonomadeYucatan,MexicoandCinvestavipn,Afghanistan.
ISEE643

Objective:
IdentificationofclinicalmanifestationsofchronicintoxicationandneurologicdamagesinlaborexposedagriculturalworkersinMuna,Yucatn,
Mxico.

MaterialsandMethods:
Prospectivelongitudinalstudy.Asamplewasobtainedfromauniverseof400agriculturalworkers,residentsofMuna,Yucatn,whofulfilledthe
criteriaofinclusion.Theyansweredaprecodifiedquestionnaireandtheyunderwentamedicalexaminationtosearchforsignsandsymptomsof
chronicintoxication,aswellasneurologicalalterationscompatiblewithcontinualexposuretoagriculturalpesticides.AdatabaseonExcel2000was
elaboratedfurfurtherstatisticalanalysis.

Results:
Menintheagerangeof18to80years(median49years)werestudied.Basicstudiesorless67.65%.87%with10ormoreyearsofexposureto
agriculturalpesticides,30%with30ormoreyearsofexposure,65%cultivatedcornandbeans,19%citrics.Eightypercentofthemdidnotuseany
protectiveequipment.Theinsecticidesmorefrequentlyusedwereorganophosphorates(Metamidofs,clorpirifs),carbamates(Metomilo,
carbofnurn),andherbicides(glifosatoandparaquat).Thesignsandsymptomsofpolyneuropathyfoundwerealterationsofpainsensation,60%
difficultytomovetheextremities,26%lossofstrengthinextremities,18%alterationofthetemperatureperception,18%ulcersonhandsorfeet,
5%sensationofgloveorsock,4%.

Conclusions:
Thesymptomatologyfoundindicatesneurologicdamagehowever,evenwhenthemajorityofthelaborersusepesticideswithoutadequate
protectionmeasures,wecannotaffirmthatpolyneuropathyisduetotheexposuretothesetoxics.

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OvidSP_UI03.23.01.015,SourceID107454

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