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CIV4235 Advanced Structural Design

Yield Line Theory

Week 5 Practice Problems: Yield- Line Theory

Question 1

In the isotropic slab shown in the following figure, Area I carries an ultimate load of 8kN/m2
while Area II carries an ultimate load of 15kN/m2. Determine the value of the moment
parameter m. Assume the intersection point of the positive yield lines is located inside the
slab.

1.2m

1.0m

Area I Area II 4m
1.0m

1.2m

8m 3m

Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University


Edition Date: 8/2015
CIV4235 Advanced Structural Design
Yield Line Theory

Solution:

A 4m

x
C

8m 3m

Assume x3m:
Winternal l m
1
Region A : 2 2.0 m
11 x
1 1 1
Region B : (11 x) m x 1.0m 111.2m
2 .0 2.0 2.0
1 1 1
Region C : (11 x) m x 1.0m 111.2m
2 .0 2.0 2 .0
4m
..... 11 x 24.2m
Wexternal q
1 1
Region A : 8 4 (11 x)
2 3
1 1 1 1
Region B : 8 2.0 (11 x) 8 2.0 ( x 3) 15 2.0 3
2 3 2 2
1 1 1 1
Region C : 8 2.0 (11 x) 8 2.0 ( x 3) 15 2.0 3
2 3 2 2
32 (11 x)
...... 3
16 ( x 3) 90 159.333 5.333x

Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University


Edition Date: 8/2015
CIV4235 Advanced Structural Design
Yield Line Theory

159.333 5.333 x
Wexternal Winternal m
4
24.2
11 x
4 4(159.333 5.333 x)
5.333 24.2
m 11 x (11 x ) 2
00
x 2
4
24.2
11 x

159.333 5.3338.56
x 8.56m m 7.932kNm/m
4
24.2
11 8.56

Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University


Edition Date: 8/2015
CIV4235 Advanced Structural Design
Yield Line Theory

Question 2

Repeat Question 1 and assume the intersection point of the positive yield lines is located
outside the slab.

Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University


Edition Date: 8/2015
CIV4235 Advanced Structural Design
Yield Line Theory

Question 3

The following figure shows a 9 m x 9 m square slab with a 3 m x 3 m square hole. The slab has
a fixed support along the outside edges as shown. The slab is isotropically reinforced with a
positive moment capacity of 8kNm/m. The negative moment capacity at the fixed supports is
1.33 times the positive moment capacity. The slab is subjected to a uniformly distributed load of
q kN/m2. Using Yield Line analysis, calculate the maximum value of the uniformly distributed
load q.

9m

3m

Hole 3m
9m

3m 3m

Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University


Edition Date: 8/2015
CIV4235 Advanced Structural Design
Yield Line Theory

Solution:

9m

3m

Hole 3m
9m

3m 3m

Winternal l m
1 1
4 6 m 4 9 1.33m
3 3
..... 23.96m 23.96 8 191.68kNm

Wexternal q
1 1 1
8 q 3 3 4 q 3 3 30q
2 3 2

191.68
Wexternal Winternal q 6.389kN/m 2
30

Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University


Edition Date: 8/2015