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Wintering Waterbirds in Albania

Results of International Waterbird Census, January 13-16, 2017

Report prepared by Dr. Taulant BINO

National Coordinator of IWC in Albania, Albanian Ornithological Society (AOS)

(15th of February 2017)

With the support of IPA 2013 Project Strengthening National

Capacity in Nature Protection Protection of Natura 2000

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Akronime

Acronyms
AOS Albanian Ornithological Society
ASPBM Albanian Society for the Protection of Birds and Mammals
APAWA Association for the Protection of Aquatic Wildlife in Albania
BSPB Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds
AICS - Italian Agency for Development Cooperation
IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature
IWC International Waterbird Census
NAPA National Agency for Protected Areas
PPNEA Protection and Preservation of Nature and Environment in Albania
RAPA Regional Agency for Protected Areas
SBI - Societa Botanica Italiana

Citation:

Bino, T., 2017. Wintering Waterbirds in Albania, Results of International Waterbird Census, January 13-16,
2017. NaturAL Project Report. Pp 21,

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Abstract
The International Waterbird Census (IWC) is an international program that is organized since 1967.
In Albania, IWC has started in 1993 and it has been since undertaken almost every year, although
with a limited number of experts due to the restricted capacities and funding on wildlife research.
This year, with the support of the NaturAL Project (EU IPA program implemented by Italian
Cooperation in partnership with IUCN and SBI) for the second time the IWC in Albania has been carried
out with the participation of RAPA staff and the support of NAPA. In January 13-16, 2017, IWC in
Albania covered 19 different wetland sites and it was carried out by 64 participants including experts
from different national and international NGOs and RAPA staff belonging to all the 11 regions of
Albania.
In total, 64 species of waterbirds were registered during the IWC 2017 in Albania with a total number
of 165,268 individuals. In addition, experts also noted the presence of the 31 Kingfisher, 197 Birds of
prey (9 species) and circa 2150 Passerines (42 different species).

The most frequent waterbird species is the Coot (Fulica atra) with circa 41 % of the total number of
waterbirds. It is followed by the Wigeon (Mareca penelope), Black-headed Gull (Croicocephalus
ridibundus), Common Pochard (Aythya ferina) and the Teal (Anas crecca).

Divjake-Karavasta registered 39.999 individuals, and it is thus the wetland site with the highest
number of wintering waterbirds. The highest index of biodiversity was registered in Kune-Vain
showing a good balance between the high number of waterbirds and the high species diversity. This
index proves also the importance of wetland habitats of Kune-Vain, Divjaka-Karavasta and Narta for
the preservation of waterbirds in Albania.

In addition, the IWC offered some interesting sightings for a few other species including the first
confirmed wintering case of the White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) in Albania, reconfirmation of wintering
Turnstone (Arenaria interpres), the first wintering individuals of Long-tailed Ducks (Clangula
hyemalis) in coastal area, a large roost of Marsh Harriers (Circus aeruginosus) and the wintering of
the Great Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga).

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Acknowledgements
On behalf of the coordination team, we would like to thank the National Agency for Protected Areas
that has contributed to organize the IWC in Albania with the support of NaturAL EU funded project
coordinated by Italian Agency for Development Cooperation.

Our special thanks go to RAPA staff for their commitment, logistical support and active participation
in IWC.

We would also like to highlight the professional contribution provided by our colleagues from BSPB
that have come to support IWC in Butrint and Narta.

This activity needed the expertise and logistical support from Albanian Ornithological Society,
Albanian Society for the Protection of Birds and Mammals, Association for Protection of Aquatic
Wildlife in Albania, Protection and Preservation of Nature and Environment in Albania and we thanks
them all for this valuable contribution.

Finally, our warmest thanks go to every expert and participant for their hard work in rather harsh
weather conditions and for providing in a very correct manner all the IWC data collected during the
mid-winter 2017 fieldwork.

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1. Background
The International Waterbird Census (IWC) is an international programme that is organized since 1967 and is
focuses on monitoring the status of waterbirds and wetlands. It also aims to increase public awareness on
issues related to wetland and waterbird conservation. The census is carried out each January as a voluntary
activity at national and local level. The IWC is co-ordinated by Wetlands International as part of global
programme, the International Waterbird Census.
In Albania, IWC has started in 1993 and it has been since undertaken almost every year. As in previous years,
the activities foreseen under IWC 2016 were coordinated at national level by Dr. Taulant Bino (Albanian
Ornithological Society) as National Coordinator for IWC in Albania. As for 2016, the coordination was supported
by IPA 2013 Natura 2000 project Strengthening National Capacity in Nature Protection Protection
of Natura 2000 for the second year. In addition, the project also funded the activity by covering
transportation costs, food and accommodation for all the participants. Within the Project objectives, this
activity is part of the on the job training for the Protected Areas staff, contributing thus to increase the
capacities of Regional Administrations of Protected Areas (Albania) in bird identification and bird monitoring.
Furthermore, the visibility campaign, ensured by the Project on behalf of NAPA, served to encourage greater
interest in waterbirds and wetlands amongst people, and thereby promote the conservation of wetlands and
waterbirds in Albania
In accordance with IWC guidelines, the census had the following major objectives:

1. to obtain information on an annual basis of waterbird populations at wetlands in Albania during the non-
breeding period of most species (January), as a basis for evaluation of sites and monitoring of populations
2. to monitor on an annual basis the status and condition of wetlands in Albania

Preliminary data collected for the IWC 2017 in Albania have already been provided to several interested
institutions including the Ministry of Environment, National Agency for Protected Areas, National
Environmental Agency, Wetlands International and other institutions directly involved in IWC. The detailed
analysis presented in this report would be public and available for reference by interested parties and
stakeholders.
Furthermore, the data on waterbird and non-waterbird occurrence are also contributing to update and enrich
further the biodiversity database (BioNNA).

2. Participants
The census itself was undertaken by national and international experts representing national and international
organizations. Apart from being a census process per se the event served as on job training for the staff of
National Agency for Protected Areas (NAPA) and Regional Agencies for Protected Areas (RAPA).

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Overall, there were 5 NGOs, 12 RAPAs and 3 international organizations involved in the census (see Table 1).
The teams were supported by 2 independent experts. In total, 64 persons, including experts and field
assistants, were directly participating in the counts (see Annex 1 for a full list of participants).

Table 1: Organizations and bird experts directly involved in the IWC 2017 in Albania
Organizations Nr. of wetlands Covered Wetlands
covered
AOS 11 Shkodra (Albanian part), Buna-Velipoja, Kune-Vain, Patoku, Divjaka-
Karavasta, Thana lake, Semani, Narta, Orikumi, Belshi & Banja lakes.
APAWA 2 Shkodra (Albanian part), Buna-Velipoja,
ASPBM 3 Shena-Vlashi, Karpeni, Fierza lake
BSPB 2 Narta, Butrinti
AICS 4 Belshi lakes, Banja, Narta, Orikumi
IUCN 3 Ohrid (Albanian part), Macro Prespa (Albanian part)
PPNEA 6 Narta, Orikumi, Butrinti and the Albanian part of Ohrid, Macro
Prespa and Micro Prespa,
RAPA Shkodr 2 Buna-Velipoja and the Albanian part Shkodra lake
RAPA Kuks 1 Fierza lake
RAPA Dibr 1 Patoku
RAPA Lezh 1 Kune-Vain
RAPA Durrs 3 Patoku, Lalzi bay, Shena-Vlashi
RAPA Tiran 1 Karpen
RAPA Elbasan 2 Belshi lakes, Banja lake
RAPA Fier 1 Divjaka-Karavasta
RAPA Vlor 3 Narta, Orikumi, Butrinti
RAPA Berat 1 Thana
RAPA Kor 3 Albanian part of Ohrid, Macro Prespa and Micro Prespa,

In some wetlands, due to their large size and the need to conclude in the shortest time possible more than one
team was involved in the counts.

3. Sites covered during IWC 2017


In total 19 wetland sites were monitored during the 2017 IWC (Fig. 1) with two sites, Belshi lakes and Banja
Lake, covered for the first time. The sites covered included rivers, lakes, reservoirs, swamps, coastal sites,
lagoons, sandy beaches, etc.

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Figure 1: Wetlands covered by IWC 2017 in Albania

Among the 19 sites visited, 14 of them are already designated as IBAs (Table 2). Furthermore, 10 of the sites
belong to the network of Protected Areas in Albania with a special emphasis on its management and
monitoring of environmental parameters including the biodiversity.

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Table 2: Information on sites covered during IWC 2017 in Albania
National IWC
Nr. Sites IBA Code Date 2016 Observers Institutions involved
Code
15th of January, DUL, EXE, ADA, FBR, BLE APAWA, AOS & RAPA
1 Buna-Velipoja AL00001 013
& SZE Shkodr
15th of January MTO, ZVO, CCA, AGU, PPNEA, BSPB, NaturAL
2 Narta (Vlora bay) AL00002 005 Revisited on the TBI, YBA, DGR, SDY, NHY, Project, AOS & RAPA
16th of January FRU, LSH, VMI Vlor
MTO, ZVO, CCA, LSE AXX PPNEA, BSPB, AOS &
3 Orikum (Vlora bay) AL00002 010 14th of January
& NHY, FRU, LSE, VMI NaturAL Project
15th of January
TBI, AKO, AXH, ETO, FPR,
4 Karavasta complex AL00003 006 Revisited on the AOS & RAPA Fier
FHO, OCA & LSE
16th of January
TBI, PTO, KTO, PNO, GPA,
5 Kune-Vain AL00004 007 14th of January & GPJ AOS & RAPA Lezh

Lake Macro Prespa SSH, OAV, ODU, MBE, PPNEA, IUCN & RAPA
6 AL00005 003 14th of January
(Albanian part) VMA & LSH Korc
Lake Micro Prespa SSH, OAV, ODU, MBE, PPNEA, IUCN & RAPA
7 AL00006 004 14th of January
(Albanian part) VMA & LSH Korc
Lake Ohrid (Albanian SSH, OAV, GBE, ESH, ELI & PPNEA, IUCN & RAPA
8 AL00007 002 15th of January
Part) LSH Korc
14th of January, APAWA, AOS & RAPA
Lake Shkodra DUL, AZY, EXE, RHA
9 AL00008 001 Revisited on 15th Shkodr
(Albanian Part) & ADA, FBR, BLE & SZE
of January
13th of January TBI, NHE, HCE, DME, HBA
10 Lalzi bay AL00009 015 AOS & RAPA Durrs
& SHP
13th of January TBI, SHH, FHA, MLE, NHE, AOS & RAPA Dibr &
11 Patok AL00011 014
HCE, DME, HBA & SHP RAPA Durrs
12 Semani AL00012 016 15th of January FBE, EXH, FAL & JAB AOS & RAPA Berat
13 Thana AL00013 017 15th of January FBE, EXH, FAL & JAB AOS & RAPA Berat
MTO, ZVO, YBA, DGR, PPNEA, BSPB & RAPA
14 Butrinti AL00014 012 14th of January
SDY, NHY, FRU, VMI Vlor
15 Karpen AL00015 - 14th of January GKA, EKO, GTA & FKO ASPBM & RAPA Tiran
GKA, EKO, HCE, DME & ASPBM & RAPA
16 Shena-Vlash AL00016 - 14th of January
SHP Durrs
FBE, CCA, AGU, AOZ, AZA, AOS, NaturAL Project
17 Belshi Lakes AL00017 - 14th of January
JBA & RHA & RAPA Elbasan
FBE, CCA, AGU, AOZ, AZA, AOS, NaturAL Project
18 Banja Lake AL00018 - 14th of January
JBA & RHA & RAPA Elbasan
ASPBM, OMP Kuks &
19 Fierza Lake AL00019 - 15th of January BHA, GKA & APA
RAPA Kuks

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4. Materials and Methods
The census took place within 13th-16th of January 2017, a period of time when populations of wintering
waterbirds seem more stable and attached to a particular site. They are gregarious and form groups of different
sizes facilitating the counting activity. The census was done by binoculars and spotting scopes. Both direct and
estimation counts (Bibby et al. 2000) were used.
19 different sites were visited during the survey (see the above list). Each site was divided in polygons using
landmarks in the field and a site map on a scale 1 : 25,000.
The counting points used during the survey were the same being used in previous surveys. The counting points
were chosen in function of accessibility, visibility and the best coverage of the area. Observers used GPS devices
in order to monitor from the same counting point.
For each site different parameters were collected including the number of species and the number of
individuals per each species, weather conditions etc.
All species of waterbirds associated with wetlands and other wetland dependent birds were entered into
standardised count forms that were delivered to the National Coordinator.
Finally the waterbird data registered for each site were compared with other sites in terms of the total number
of birds, total number of species and the Shannon-Wiener diversity index.

5. IWC Detailed Results and Discussion

5.1. Bird numbers


In total, there were 64 species of waterbirds registered during the IWC 2016 in Albania with a total number of
165,268 individuals, distributed in the 19 wetlands part of the IWC.

Coots (Fulica atra) compose the most dominant group representing the 41% of all observation. The other
dominant groups are represented by Ducks and Gulls respectively the 32% and the 11% (Table 3). Those three
groups only are responsible for almost 84% of the total number of waterbirds. Similar to the census of other
years, there are numerous Grebes (2%), Cormorants (almost 4%), Pelicans (0,1 %), Flamingos (1,5 %.), Herons
(almost 1%.), Moorhens and Water Rails (0,1%.), Swans and Terns. For a more detailed list of birds and their
abundance see Annex 2.

Besides for waterbirds, the visited wetlands are an important ground for other species. Among them is worth
mentioning the presence of 9 species of birds of prey with a total number of 197 individuals (Annex 3), 31
Kingfishers (Alcedo atthis), three Little Owls (Athene noctua), six Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers (Dendrocopus
minor) and 42 species of Passerines.

The most common raptor species was the Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) and the Common Buzzard (Buteo
buteo) with circa 87 % of the birds of prey. Buzzards were almost evenly distributed all over the territory while
the Marsh Harriers were concentrated in and nearby reedbeds. A roosting of circa 50 individuals of the Marsh
Harrier was located in the southern part of Kune-Vain.

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Table 3: Major groups of wintering birds during IWC 2017 in Albania.
Main Taxa Nb. of individuals Nb. of species
Divers (Gavidae) 13 2
Grebes (Podicipedidae) 3,765 4
Cormorants (Phalacrocoracidae) 6,213 3
Pelicans (Pelecanus crispus) 234 1
Herons (Ardeidae) 1,319 4
Storks (Ciconia ciconia) 1 1
Spoonbills (Threskiornithidae) 86 1
Flamingos (Phenicopterus ruber) 2,365 1
Swans (Anatidae) 63 2
Ducks (Anatidae) 53,317 7
Coots (Fulica atra) 67,274 1
Moorhens & Water Rails (Rallidae) 155 2
Waders (Charadriiformes) 12,158 18
Gulls (Laridae) 18,180 5
Terns (Sternidae) 125 2
Total Waterbirds 165,268 64

Birds of prey (Falconiformes) 197 9


Kingfishers (Alcedo atthis) 31 1
Owls (Athene noctua) 3 1
Collared Doves (Streptopelia decaocto) 8 1
Woodpeckers (Dendrocopos minor) 6 1
Passerines (Passeriformes) 2,149 42

The observation of the Great Spotted Eagle (Clanga clanga) in Divjaka is of particular interest. The Globally
Endangered Great Spotted Eagle is an occasional winterer in Albania and in the Balkan Peninsula. Its presence
shows that Divjaka has good potentials for sustaining the species with food and rather undisturbed habitats.

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Figure 2. Most common waterbirds during
IWC 2017 in Albania
0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000 80000
Fulica atra
Croicocephalus ridibundus
Anas crecca
Anas platyrhynchos
Aythya fuligula
Tadorna tadorna
Microcarbo pygmeus
Podiceps nigricollis
Tachybaptus ruficollis
Mareca strepera

Nb. of individuals

Among the 64 species of waterbirds, the Coot (Fulica atra) is the most common species with 67,270 individuals
(Fig. 2).

Other frequent species are Wigeons (Mareca penelope), Black-headed Gulls (Croicocephalus ridibundus),
Common Pochards (Aythya ferina) and the Teals (Anas crecca).

Figure 3. No. of waterbirds in wetland


areas during IWC 2017
0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000 40000
Karavasta
Shkoder
Macro Prespa
Ohrid
Lalzi
Narta
Kune-Vain
Thana
Butrinti
Orikumi
Bune velipoje
Patoku
Fierza
Semani
Shena-Vlash
Banja
Belshi
Karpen
Micro Prespa

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With regards to the sites visited, Divjaka-Karavasta National Park registered the highest number of waterbirds
with 39,999 individuals (Fig. 3). It is followed by Shkodra, Macro Prespa and Ohrid Lake (see Fig. 3 and Annex
2).

The highest number of waterbird species, 51 in total, was recorded in Divjak-Karavasta. Other important sites
in terms of waterbird diversity are Narta with 40 species, Kune-Vain with 36 species and Butrint with 33 species
(Table 4). Micro Prespa was the only site where no waterbirds were registered at all due to the frozen water
surface.

Table 4: Waterbirds registered during IWC 2017 in Albania

Nr. Wetland Sites Nb. of Waterbirds Nb. of species


1 Divjaka-Karavasta 39,999 51
2 Shkodra Lake (Albanian part) 38,628 21
3 Macro Prespa Lake (Albanian part) 21,127 24
4 Ohrid Lake (Albanian part) 16,069 20
5 Lalzi 12,526 30
6 Narta 8,665 40
7 Kune-Vain 7,009 36
8 Thana 6,687 22
9 Butrinti 6,113 33
10 Orikumi 2,966 22
11 Bune-Velipoja 1,522 18
12 Patoku 1,335 20
13 Fierza 1,056 14
14 Semani 640 9
15 Shena-Vlash 418 14
16 Banja Lake 270 15
17 Belshi lakes 179 13
18 Karpen 59 6
19 Micro Prespa Lake (Albanian part) 0 0
TOTAL 165,268 individuals 64 species

The highest biodiversity index was calculated in Kune-Vain wetland site (Fig. 4) suggesting the contribution of
the variety of habitats for a good balance between the number of waterbirds and species diversity. Other sites
with particularly high diversity are Narta and Karavasta.

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Figure 4. Shannon-Wiener Diversity
Index at wetland sites during IWC 2017

Semani

Ohrid

Patoku
Wetland sites

Bune velipoje

Fierza

Butrinti

Belshi

Karavasta

Kune-Vain
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
Value of Diversity Index

During this 2017 census, in terms of climate and habitat availability, some water surfaces were frozen, thus
limiting the favorable conditions for the trophic resources. This was the case for Micro Prespa that was totally
frozen or for partly frozen Fierza Lake, Shkodra Lake, Buna-Velipoja, Patok, Lalzi and Belshi lakes.

5.2. Bird behavior and human impact


It is again worth mentioning that in certain areas waterbirds were less shy than in previous years. Such a
behavior was noticed in several sites and particularly in Divjake-Karavasta where birds tended to stay in their
habitats despite the presence of observers. Similar behavior was registered in Kune-Vain, Prespa, Ohrid etc. It
is clear that the enforcement of patrolling efforts of the RAPA in those areas has been more efficient than in
others ensuring thus relatively safe areas for waterbirds.

In contrast to the above areas, poaching cases have been numerous in other sites where the observers have
collected evidences including the direct observation of poachers, poaching hides, cartridges, wounded birds
etc.

Poaching has been registered in Shkodra Lake where the administration even tried to stop the illegal activity.
Birds were very shy in Buna-Velipoja are where hunting hides are still visible. The same for Lalzi bay where
observers collected evidences on the presence of fresh cartridges. In Patok, besides from the very shy birds
behavior, IWC participants noted the presence of poachers trying to shoot a Cormorant landing in a drainage
ditch. RAPA authorities of Lezha, prevented poaching in two cases by stopping the poachers and confiscating
their guns.
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In Karpen, the IWC expert found a dead individual (through poaching) of a Ferruginous Duck (Aythya nyroca).
The same for Narta, where three freshly killed Flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus), very likely from
hunting, were registered by the IWC participants.

5.3. Preliminary trend in bird numbers


A comparison between years with the same coverage and methodology shows that the number of 165,268
birds counted in 2017 is 67 % more than the numbers counted in 2016 and almost at the same level with the
multiannual average of 165,850 individuals for the past 20 years.

The same comparison indicates an overall negative trend in wintering waterbirds in Albania (Fig. 5) which
stresses the need for a better management and conservation of wetland habitats. Nevertheless this kind of
analysis should be further elaborated with some additional analysis at site or species level. In order to further
interpret the data it is required to take in account all different factors including the number of observers,
climate, human disturbance etc. Furthermore, a detailed national trend analysis will be undertaken later on
through the kind support of Wetlands International and based on TRIM program (Trends and Indices for
Monitoring Data).

F i g u r e 5 . Ev o l u t io n o f t h e n u m be r o f wat e r b i rd s i n A l b an i a
( I W C d at a 1 9 9 6 - 2017)
300000
y = -4647.5x + 226889
R = 0.4845
250000
Nb. of Waterbirds

200000

150000

100000

50000

YEARS

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6. Closing Remarks
The International Waterbird Census 2017 in Albania was again a successful and cooperative effort taking into
account the high number of participants and the larger territory covered compared with 2016. The training
event on the monitoring techniques undertaken on the 12th and 13th of January 2017 was instrumental in
preparing the participation of RAPA staff in the IWC and increasing their capacities for a self-sustained fauna
monitoring.

The IWC registered a high number of waterbirds and provides a good basis for wetland evaluation and their
conservation. The team of experts that contributed for the preparation of this report would be available for
further and detailed analysis on species trends and measures needed to be undertaken by authorities
responsible on conservation and management of wetland areas and their biodiversity.

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Annex 1. List of experts and participants in IWC 2017 in Albania
Participants at IWC 2017 in Albania Organizations
1 Agim Dardha (ADA) RAPA Shkodr
2 Alfredo NaturAL Project IPA 2013-Natura 2000
3 Altin Ozuni (AOZ) RAPA Elbasan
4 Andi Zajaku (AZA) RAPA Elbasan
5 Arben Palushi (APA) OMP Kuks
6 Arber Xhaferri (AXH) IACD
7 Ardian Koci (AKO) RAPA Fier
8 Aurora Zylaj (AZY) APAWA
9 Besnik Hallaci (BHA) RAPA Kuks
10 Bledar Ara (BAR) RAPA Shkodr
11 Caterica Carugati (CCA) NaturAL Project IPA 2013-Natura 2000
12 Dashamir Mesiti (DME) RAPA Durrs
13 Denik Ulqini (DUL) APAWA
14 Edion Toromni (ETO) RAPA Fier
15 Edison Xhaferi (EXH) RAPA Berat
16 Erald Xeka (EXE) AOS
17 Ermal Shaho (ESH) RAPA Korc
18 Ervin Allushi (EAL) RAPA Fier
19 Ervin Lico (ELI) RAPA Korc
20 Ferdinand Bego (FBE) AOS
21 Festim Broja (FBR) RAPA Shkodr
22 Festim HOXHA (FHO) RAPA Fier
23 Flogert Haslika (FHA) RAPA Dibr
24 Florian Rustemi (FRU) RAPA Vlor
25 Florjan Allajbeu (FAL) RAPA Berat
26 Fotjon Premce (FPR) RAPA Fier
27 Gani Bego (GBE) RAPA Korc
28 Geg Paloka (GPA) Rapa Lezh
29 Genci Kadilli (GKA) ASPBM
30 Gjergj Pjetri (GPJ) Rapa Lezh
31 Haki Balliu (HBA) RAPA Durrs
32 Halim Celmani (HCE) RAPA Durrs
33 Julian Balla (JBA) RAPA Elbasan
34 Jurgen Abedini (JAB) RAPA Berat
35 Kreshnik Toni (KTO) RAPA Lezh
36 Laura Shumka (LSH) PPNEA
37 Lavdosh Shkurtaj (LSH) RAPA VLor
38 Louis Seiller (LSE) Independent expert
39 M. Berberi (MBE) RAPA Korce
40 Maringlen Lena (MLE) RAPA Dibr

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41 Mirjan Topi (MTO) PPNEA
42 Naim Herri (NHE) RAPA Durrs
43 Nexhip Hysolakoj (NHY) RAPA Vlor
44 Oliver Avramovski (OAV) IUCN
45 Olsi Cauli (OCA) RAPA Fier
46 Olsi Duma (ODU) RAPA Korce
47 Pashk Noka (PNO) Rapa Lezh
48 Petrit Sinaj (PSI) RAPA Kuks
49 Reland Hasa (RHA) RAPA Elbasan
50 Rezart Halili (RHA) APAWA
51 Shefqet Paja (SHP) RAPA Durrs
52 Shklqim Hasa (SHH) RAPA Dibr
53 Silvana Zenelaj (SZE) RAPA Shkodr
54 Spase Shumka (SSH) PPNEA
55 Taulant Bino (TBI) AOS
56 Vasil Male (VMA) RAPA Korc
57 Viktor Minga (VMI) RAPA Vlor
58 Zydjon Vorpsi (ZVO) PPNEA

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Annex 2. Waterbirds registered in Albania during IWC 2017
Nr. Scientific name Albanian name SH FI B-V K-V PA GJL SHV KA D-K SE THA BE BA NA OR BU OH PRM PRV Total
1 Gavia stellata Nori gushkuq 1 1
2 Gavia arctica Nori gushzi 2 5 2 3 12
3 Tachybaptus ruficollis Kredharaku i vogl 502 20 2 50 4 6 7 5 45 5 30 12 48 464 129 1329
4 Podiceps cristatus Kredharaku i madh 176 31 31 76 4 2 288 7 29 55 59 8 25 180 6 977
5 Podiceps auritus Kredharaku me vesh 14 14
6 Podiceps nigricollis Kredharaku gushzi 131 5 37 69 3 69 2 8 51 32 22 978 38 1445
7 Phalacrocorax carbo Karabullaku i detit 280 172 247 474 72 7 10 10 599 1 153 1 997 51 648 86 123 3931
8 Phalacrocorax aristotelis Karabullaku me cafk 1 1
9 Microcarbo pygmeus Karabullaku i vogl 663 9 68 53 10 11 8 570 101 22 9 581 176 2281
10 Pelecanus crispus Pelikani kacurrel 3 181 18 31 1 234
11 Bubulcus ibis Capka e lopwve 1 1
12 Egretta garzetta Capka e bardh e vogl 22 2 88 1 9 1 182 118 26 16 465
13 Ardea alba Capka e madhe e bardh 4 67 1 7 198 4 3 55 52 14 2 407
14 Ardea cinerea Capka e prhime 12 13 38 3 13 6 159 1 48 2 10 78 42 19 1 1 446
15 Ciconia ciconia Lejleku 1 1
16 Platalea leucorodia Capka sqeplug 44 42 86
17 Phoenicopterus roseus Lejleku krahkuq 165 3 1532 601 64 2365
18 Cygnus olor Mjelma me xhung 3 31 15 49
19 Cygnus cygnus Mjelma qafdrejt 6 8 14
20 Tadorna tadorna Laroshja 15 69 25 54 1923 53 426 6 2571
21 Mareca penelope Kryekuqe e madhe 33 394 89 2033 12904 159 853 2 14 58 23 110 40 16712
22 Mareca strepera Rosa e prhime 3 44 6 20 17 776 113 6 118 17 18 31 1169
23 Anas crecca Rosa kre 5 147 15 757 34 563 185 4012 914 21 62 189 187 224 280 7595
24 Anas platyrhynchos Kuqla qafgjelber 26 162 13 455 13 77 24 644 1273 23 70 314 74 1727 4 27 4926
25 Anas acuta Rosa bishtgjel 4 12 1 174 42 1043 24 78 1 1379
26 Spatula clypeata Sqepluga 19 9 138 54 7 980 118 2 2 1329
27 Netta rufina Murrcaku 8 4 68 8 88
28 Aythya ferina Kryekuqe e mjeme 8111 644 719 3 10 130 154 127 747 10645
29 Aythya nyroca Kryekuqe e vogl 2 5 2 3 12
30 Aythya fuligula Rosa laramane me cafk 401 125 6 7 9 24 14 840 2059 3485
31 Clangula hyemalis Rosa e ngricave 3 3
32 Melanitta fusca Rosa e zez krahbardh 1 5 6
33 Bucephala clangula Rosa me katr sy 13 11 4 28
34 Mergellus albellus Zhytsi i vogl laraman 1 1
35 Mergus serrator Zhytsi i mesm me callm 22 65 6 31 124
36 Mergus merganser Zhytsi i mesm 4 5 9
37 Anatidae sp. Rosa 426 27 46 4 583 9 1540 600 3235
38 Rallus aquaticus Gjeli i ujit 2 33 2 21 5 1 3 67
39 Gallinula chloropus Pulza e ujit 15 1 27 8 1 32 3 1 88
40 Fulica atra Bajza 26415 33 725 1471 130 515 45 11 2182 449 1665 37 2 877 2043 1547 11833 17294 67274
41 Haematopus ostralegus Laraska e detit 1 5 6
42 Vanellus vanellus Gicvilja 21 498 13 230 762
43 Recurvirostra avosetta Sqepbiza 9 30 30 5 74
44 Charadrius alexandrinus Vraponjsi gushbardh 72 2 29 13 116

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45 Pluvialis apricaria Gjelaci pikalosh ngjyr ari 17 418 19 454
46 Pluvialis squatarola Gjelza pikaloshe 62 176 484 28 750
47 Arenaria interpres Gjeleza laramane 1 1
48 Calidris minuta Gjelaci i vogl 455 1355 3 15 1828
49 Calidris alpine Gjelza gushzez 27 1562 3686 340 2 110 5727
50 Calidris sp. Gjelac 14 150 1450 1614
51 Gallinago gallinago Shapka e ujit 8 3 2 3 16
52 Scolopax rusticola Shapka 1 1
53 Limosa limosa Gjelza e madhe bishtzez 15 3 18
54 Numenius arquata Kojliku i madh 7 170 139 12 1 2 7 338
55 Tringa erythropus Qyrylyku i murrm 1 4 25 3 33
56 Tringa totanus Qyrylyku kmbqiriz 11 1 3 245 8 7 96 371
57 Tringa nebularia Qyrylyku i madh 1 1 5 1 1 3 2 14
58 Tringa ochropus Qyrylyku kmbprhim 1 8 5 14
59 Actitis hypoleucos Qyrylyku i vogl 2 1 1 2 6 5 2 19
60 Tringa sp. Qyrylyke 2 2
61 Croicocephalus ridibundus Pulbardha e zakonshme 1268 421 212 1442 835 3396 101 19 2285 16 488 16 16 3247 31 262 801 130 14986
62 Larus genei Pulbardha roz 379 98 477
63 Larus canus Pulbardha e prhime 1 4 5
64 Larus fuscus Pulbardha shpinzez 1 1
65 Larus michahellis Pulbardha kmbverdh 118 14 90 52 49 1921 3 152 1 2 68 32 129 34 6 2671
66 Larus sp. Pulbardha 40 40
67 Hydroprogne caspia Dallndyshe deti e madhe 1 1
68 Thalasseus sandvicensis Sterni dimrak 3 65 33 7 16 124
TOTAL Waterbirds 38628 1056 1522 7009 1335 12526 418 59 39999 640 6687 179 270 8665 2966 6113 16069 21127 0 165268

SH Shkodra lake (Albanian part), FI Fierza Lake (Kukws) BV Bune-Velipoja, KV Kune-Vain, PA Patok, GJL Gjiri i Lalzit, SHV Shena-Vlash, KA Karpen, DK Divjake-
Karavasta, SE Seman, TH Thana lake, BE Belshi lakes, BA Banja Lake, NA Narta, OR Orikum, BU Butrint, OH Ohrid lake (Albanian part), PRM Macro Prespa
(Albanian part), PRV Micro Prespa (Albanian part)

Annex 3. Birds of prey and other wetland dependent birds registered during IWC 2017
Nr. Scientific name Albanian name SH FI B-V K-V PA GJL SHV KA D-K SE THA BE BA NA OR BU OH PRM PRV Total
1 Circus aeruginosus Shqipja e knets 12 72 4 1 3 1 4 4 4 7 5 117
2 Circus cyaneus Shqipja e fushs 4 2 1 1 2 10
3 Accipiter nisus Gjeraqina e shkurts 1 3 1 1 2 8
4 Buteo buteo Huta 14 7 3 1 1 3 11 1 1 4 2 7 55
5 Buteo lagopus Huta me kalca 1 1
6 Clanga clanga Shqiponja e madhe e rosave 1 1
7 Pandion haliaetus Shqiponja peshkngrenese 1 1
8 Falco tinnunculus Skifteri kthetrazi 1 1 2
9 Falco peregrinus Krahthati 1 1 2
10 Streptopelia decaocto Kumuria 7 1 8

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11 Athene noctua Kukuvajka 1 1 1 3
12 Alcedo atthis Bilbili peshkatar 9 5 1 1 3 1 1 3 2 4 1 31
13 Dendrocopos minor Qukapiku i vogl larosh 1 1 1 1 2 6
14 Galerida cristata Dervishi 77 8 1 86
15 Lullula arborea Drenja 20 16 36
16 Alauda arvensis Lauresha 50 45 95
17 Anthus pratensis Drenja e luadhit 20 1 21
18 Anthus spinoletta Drenja e malit 35 2 1 2 40
19 Motacilla cinerea Bishtatundsi i malit 4 2 6
20 Motacilla alba Bishtatundsi i bardh 62 8 1 2 2 4 4 83
21 Cinclus cinclus Mellenja e ujit 5 5
22 Troglodytes troglodytes Cerri 47 7 54
23 Prunella modularis Dredhuesi gushprhime 8 3 11
24 Erithacus rubecula Gushkuqi 50 6 1 57
25 Phoenicurus ochruros Bishtkuqi zeshkan 44 1 1 46
26 Saxicola rubicola Ceku kokzi 8 3 11
27 Turdus merula Mllenja 50 7 57
28 Turdus viscivorus Tusha e malit 1 1
29 Cettia cetti Bilbili i kenetave 30 2 32
30 Acrocephalus melanopogon Bilbilthi me mustaqe 2 1 3
31 Sylvia melanocephala Bilbilthi kokzi gushbardh 6 1 7
32 Sylvia atricapilla Bilbilthi kokzi 21 2 23
33 Phylloscopus collybita Fishkllyesi i vogl 26 5 31
34 Regulus regulus Mbretthi 43 7 50
35 Regulus ignicapillus Mbretthi vetullverdh 17 2 19
36 Panurus biarmicus Trishtili me mustaqe 2 2
37 Aegithalos caudatus Trishtili bishtgjat 30 11 41
38 Parus caeruleus Trishtili i kaltr 19 1 20
39 Parus major Trishtili i madh 31 4 35
40 Remiz pendulinus Kolovatsi 2 1 3
41 Pica pica Laraska bishtgjat 35 5 40
42 Corvus cornix Sorra 34 7 1 4 46
43 Sturnus vulgaris Crloi i zi pikalosh 160 70 15 245
44 Passer domesticus Harabeli 195 100 295
45 Passer hispaniolensis Harabeli gjokszi 40 7 47
46 Passer montanus Harabeli i fushs 18 9 27
47 Fringilla coelebs Zboraks 68 19 87
48 Fringilla montifringilla Zboraks i malit 1 1
49 Serinus serinus Zog bari sqepshkurtr 35 25 60
50 Carduelis chloris Verduni 31 10 1 42

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51 Carduelis carduelis Gardalina 155 53 208
52 Carduelis cannabina Krpngrnsi 25 50 75
53 Emberiza cirlus Crla gushgjelbr 14 2 16
54 Emberiza schoeniclus Crla e kallamishteve 20 23 43
55 Miliaria calandra Crla e zakonshme 40 2 42

SH Shkodra lake (Albanian part), FI Fierza Lake (Kukws) BV Bune-Velipoja, KV Kune-Vain, PA Patok, GJL Gjiri i Lalzit, SHV Shena-Vlash, KA Karpen, DK Divjake-
Karavasta, SE Seman, TH Thana lake, BE Belshi lakes, BA Banja Lake, NA Narta, OR Orikum, BU Butrint, OH Ohrid lake (Albanian part), PRM Macro Prespa
(Albanian part), PRV Micro Prespa (Albanian part)

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