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Design of VCC Abutment and open foundation

o
Skew angle of the bridge = 0

Unit weight of concrete for RCC = 2.50 t/m3

Unit weight of concrete = 2.50 t/m3

Effective span = 10.370 m ( Skew) 10.37 (Stright)

Grade of concrete = M 20

3.800
FRL + 103.030

0.790
#
0.875
0.800

+ 96.300
0.75

0.750
4.250 + 95.550
0.75

A FL + 94.800

5.000
5.200

8.450

0.800

2.750

5.000

PLAN OF ABUTMENT & FOUNDATION

Design of Abutment wall
Calculation of moments about center of abutment base:

Resisting
Description of Item Weight Lever arm moment

Approach slab 8.45 x 3.8 x 0.3 x 2.5 x 0.5 1.375 - 0.3 x 0.5 14.751
= 12.041 = 1.23

Crash barrier - 031 m2 2 x 0.31 x 2.5 x 3.8 x 0.5 1.375 - 0.3 x 0.5 3.608
= 2.945 = 1.225

Dirt wall 8.45 x 0.3 x 0.49 x 2.5 1.375 - 0.3 x 0.5 3.804
= 3.105 = 1.23

Abutment cap 8.45 x 0.875 x 0.3 x 2.5 1.375 - 0.875 x 0.5 5.20
= 5.55 = 0.94

Abutment
a) Rectangular part 8.45 x 0.8 x 5.54 x 2.5 1.375 - 0.8 x 0.5 91.29
= 93.626 = 0.98

b) Triangular part 0.5 x 1.95 x 5.54 x 8.45 x 2.5 0.575 - 1.95 / 3 -8.558
= 114.107 = -0.075

DL from 77.390 1.375 - 0.52 66.168

super structure = 0.855

LL from
super structure 68.330 1.375 - 0.52 58.422
= 0.855
377.090 t MR 234.679

Moment at bottom of foundation M L = 38.695 x ( 102.14 - 94.8 ) = 284.021 t-m

Horizontal force due to differential movements of spans : ( as per Cl: 211.5.14 )

10% variation of force due to Spans = 8.00 x 10 / 100 = 0.800 t

( acting at bottom deck slab)

a = 0.00 deg

Density of water gW = 10.0 t/m3

Longitudinal Force due to earth pressure & Surcharge Normal Condition:(Clock wise)

Coefficient of active earth pressure in horizontal direction

Ka = Cos2 (f-a) x 1 2

2 1/2
Cos a * Cos (d+ 1 + Sin(f+d)*Sin(f-b) = 0.264
Cos (a-b) * Cos(d+a)

Ka = 0.264

Pressure diagram:
Live load surcharge Active earth pressure

+ 103.030 FRL
6.73

6.73

96.300
(bottom of abutment)
0.57 3.198
Due to live load surcharge : ( 1.2 m of earth fill as per IRC : 78 - 2000 Cls: 710.4.4 )

2
Ka x g x h = 0.264 x 1.8 x 1.2 = 0.570 t / m

Transverse Moment due to live load eccentricity = 68.33 x 1.115 = 76.188 tm

Sectional properties :

2
Area at the base of the abutment = 8.45 x 2.75 = 23.238 m
3
Section modulus ZL = 8.45 x 2.75 ^ 2 / 6 = 10.651 m

3
Section modulus Zt = 2.75 x 8.45 ^ 2 / 6 = 32.73 m

Pmax = 377.09 + 362.079 + 76.188

23.24 10.651 32.726

2 2
= 16.23 + 34.00 + 2.328 = 52.55 t / m < 500.0 t / m

Pmin = 377.09 - 362.08 - 76.188

23.24 10.651 32.726

2 2
= 16.23 - 34.00 - 2.328 = -20.10 t / m > -53.0 t / m
Check for stress at foundational :

Projection on toe side = 0.750 m Length of Second step = 8.450 m

Calculation of Moments at Foundation Level for Stability check and Stress over Soil
Resisting
Description of Item Weight Lever arm @ A moment

Approach slab 8.45 x 3.8 x 0.3 x 2.5 x 0.5 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.3 x 0.5) 19.266
= 12.041 = 1.600

Railing 0.554 t/m 2 x 0.31 x 2.5 x 3.8=x 0.5

2.945 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.3 x 0.5) 4.712
= 1.600

= 3.105 = 1.600

Abutment cap 8.45 x 0.875 x 0.3 x 2.5 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.875 x 0.5) 7.28

= 5.55 = 1.313

Abutment
a) Rectangular part 8.45 x 0.8 x 5.54 x 2.5 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.8 x 0.5) 126.40

= 93.626 = 1.350

b) Triangular part 0.5 x 1.95 x 5.54 x 8.45 x 2.5 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.8 + 34.232

= 114.107 1.95 / 3 )
= 0.300
DL from 77.390 5 x 0.5- ( 0.75+0.21 ) 119.181
super structure = 1.540

LL from
super structure 68.330 5 x 0.5- ( 0.75+0.21 ) 105.228
= 1.540
Foundation :
First step 8.45 x 4.25 x 0.75 x 2.5 = 0.00 0.000
= 67.336

Second step 8.45 x 5 x 0.75 x 2.5 0.00 0.000

= 79.219
Weight of earth
on toe portion
a) Rectangular part 0.75 x 8.45 x 6.18 x 1.8 5 x 0.5 - 0.75x 0.5 149.809
= 70.50 = 2.13

594.143 t MR 571.070
Pressure diagram:
Live load surcharge Active earth pressure
Ka = 0.264 + 103.030 RCL

8.23

8.23
+ 94.800 FL

0.57 3.911

Due to live load surcharge : ( 1.2 m of earth fill as per IRC : 78 - 2000 Cls: 710.4.4 )

Net longitudinal moment = 633.189 + 284.021 + 5.872 - 571.07 = 352.012 t-m

Transverse Moment due to live load eccentricity = 68.33 x 1.115 = 76.188 t-m
3
Section modulus Z L = 8.45 x 5 ^ 2 = 35.208 m

3
Section modulus Z T = 5 x 8.45 ^ 2 = 59.502 m
6
Check for stability :

1) Factor of safety against Overturning = Resisting moment MR

Over turning moment MO

633.189

2) Factor of safety against Sliding = tan f x S V

SH

0
= tan 33 x 594.143 = 1.79 > 1.5 Hence safe
215.13
Check for stress at foundation level :

P = 594.143 + 352.01 + 76.188

42.25 35.21 59.50

P = 14.063 + 9.998 + 1.280

2
P max = 25.341 < 30.00 t/m Hence safe

P = P + ML + MT = 599.752 + 360.012 + 127.473

A ZL ZT 42.25 35.21 59.502

P = 14.195 + 10.225 + 2.142

2
P max = 26.563 < 37.50 t/m Hence safe