Abutment

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Abutment

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o

Skew angle of the bridge = 0

Unit weight of concrete = 2.50 t/m3

Grade of concrete = M 20

3.800

FRL + 103.030

0.790

#

0.875

0.800

+ 96.300

0.75

0.750

4.250 + 95.550

0.75

A FL + 94.800

5.000

5.200

8.450

0.800

2.750

5.000

Design of Abutment wall

Calculation of moments about center of abutment base:

Resisting

Description of Item Weight Lever arm moment

Approach slab 8.45 x 3.8 x 0.3 x 2.5 x 0.5 1.375 - 0.3 x 0.5 14.751

= 12.041 = 1.23

Crash barrier - 031 m2 2 x 0.31 x 2.5 x 3.8 x 0.5 1.375 - 0.3 x 0.5 3.608

= 2.945 = 1.225

Dirt wall 8.45 x 0.3 x 0.49 x 2.5 1.375 - 0.3 x 0.5 3.804

= 3.105 = 1.23

Abutment cap 8.45 x 0.875 x 0.3 x 2.5 1.375 - 0.875 x 0.5 5.20

= 5.55 = 0.94

Abutment

a) Rectangular part 8.45 x 0.8 x 5.54 x 2.5 1.375 - 0.8 x 0.5 91.29

= 93.626 = 0.98

b) Triangular part 0.5 x 1.95 x 5.54 x 8.45 x 2.5 0.575 - 1.95 / 3 -8.558

= 114.107 = -0.075

super structure = 0.855

LL from

super structure 68.330 1.375 - 0.52 58.422

= 0.855

377.090 t MR 234.679

Horizontal force due to differential movements of spans : ( as per Cl: 211.5.14 )

( acting at bottom deck slab)

a = 0.00 deg

Longitudinal Force due to earth pressure & Surcharge Normal Condition:(Clock wise)

Ka = Cos2 (f-a) x 1 2

2 1/2

Cos a * Cos (d+ 1 + Sin(f+d)*Sin(f-b) = 0.264

Cos (a-b) * Cos(d+a)

Ka = 0.264

Pressure diagram:

Live load surcharge Active earth pressure

+ 103.030 FRL

6.73

6.73

96.300

(bottom of abutment)

0.57 3.198

Due to live load surcharge : ( 1.2 m of earth fill as per IRC : 78 - 2000 Cls: 710.4.4 )

2

Ka x g x h = 0.264 x 1.8 x 1.2 = 0.570 t / m

Sectional properties :

2

Area at the base of the abutment = 8.45 x 2.75 = 23.238 m

3

Section modulus ZL = 8.45 x 2.75 ^ 2 / 6 = 10.651 m

3

Section modulus Zt = 2.75 x 8.45 ^ 2 / 6 = 32.73 m

23.24 10.651 32.726

2 2

= 16.23 + 34.00 + 2.328 = 52.55 t / m < 500.0 t / m

23.24 10.651 32.726

2 2

= 16.23 - 34.00 - 2.328 = -20.10 t / m > -53.0 t / m

Check for stress at foundational :

Calculation of Moments at Foundation Level for Stability check and Stress over Soil

Resisting

Description of Item Weight Lever arm @ A moment

Approach slab 8.45 x 3.8 x 0.3 x 2.5 x 0.5 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.3 x 0.5) 19.266

= 12.041 = 1.600

2.945 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.3 x 0.5) 4.712

= 1.600

= 3.105 = 1.600

= 5.55 = 1.313

Abutment

a) Rectangular part 8.45 x 0.8 x 5.54 x 2.5 5 x 0.5-(0.75+0.8 x 0.5) 126.40

= 93.626 = 1.350

= 114.107 1.95 / 3 )

= 0.300

DL from 77.390 5 x 0.5- ( 0.75+0.21 ) 119.181

super structure = 1.540

LL from

super structure 68.330 5 x 0.5- ( 0.75+0.21 ) 105.228

= 1.540

Foundation :

First step 8.45 x 4.25 x 0.75 x 2.5 = 0.00 0.000

= 67.336

= 79.219

Weight of earth

on toe portion

a) Rectangular part 0.75 x 8.45 x 6.18 x 1.8 5 x 0.5 - 0.75x 0.5 149.809

= 70.50 = 2.13

594.143 t MR 571.070

Pressure diagram:

Live load surcharge Active earth pressure

Ka = 0.264 + 103.030 RCL

8.23

8.23

+ 94.800 FL

0.57 3.911

Due to live load surcharge : ( 1.2 m of earth fill as per IRC : 78 - 2000 Cls: 710.4.4 )

Transverse Moment due to live load eccentricity = 68.33 x 1.115 = 76.188 t-m

3

Section modulus Z L = 8.45 x 5 ^ 2 = 35.208 m

3

Section modulus Z T = 5 x 8.45 ^ 2 = 59.502 m

6

Check for stability :

Over turning moment MO

633.189

SH

0

= tan 33 x 594.143 = 1.79 > 1.5 Hence safe

215.13

Check for stress at foundation level :

42.25 35.21 59.50

2

P max = 25.341 < 30.00 t/m Hence safe

A ZL ZT 42.25 35.21 59.502

2

P max = 26.563 < 37.50 t/m Hence safe

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