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AGRARIAN REFORM LAW

1st Semester, AY 2017-2018

ATTY. ALVIN T. CLARIDADES

PUP College of Law

COURSE OUTLINE

Part One Overview of the Course on Agrarian Law

1. General Concepts of Agrarian Reform


2. Historical and Legal Backdrop

Part Two Legislative Backdrop


1. RA 3844, as amended by RA 6389 Code of Agrarian Reforms of the Philippines
2. PD 27 Decree Emancipating Tenants from the Bondage of the Soil

3. EO 129-A Modifying EO 129 Reorganizing and Strengthening DAR

4. EO 228 Declaring Full Land Ownership to Qualified Beneficiaries under PD 27

5. Proc. 131 Instituting a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program

6. RA 6657 Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program enacted on June 10, 1988

7. Sec. 2 of RA 6657, as amended by RA 9700 Declaration of Principles and


Policies
8. RA 7881 Amending the CARP

9. RA 9700 Strengthening the CARP

Part Three Land Acquisition


1. Agrarian Reform Defined Sec. 3(a), RA 6657
2. Scope of the Program Sec. 4, RA 6657

3. Priorities of Coverage Sec. 7, RA 6657

4. Land Acquisition: Compulsory Acquisition Sec. 16, RA 6657

5. Land Acquisition: Voluntary Offer to Sell Sec. 19, RA 6657


Cases:
1. Association of Small Landowners in the Phils. v. Sec. of Agrarian Reform, GR.
No. 79310, July 14, 1989
2. Roxas v. CA, GR No. 127876, Dec. 17, 1999

6. Corporate Landowners: Stock Distribution Option Sec. 31, RA 6657

7. Award of Lands to Children of Landowners Sec. 6, RA 6657

Issuance: DAR AO 2, S. 2009 Rules and Regulations on the Acquisition and


Distribution of Agricultural Lands under RA 6657, as amended by RA 9700

Part Four Retention, Exemption and Exclusions


1. Retention Rights Sec. 6, RA 6657

Case: Alita vs. CA, G.R. No. 78517, February 27, 1989

Issuance: DAR AO 2, S. 2003 2003 Rules of Procedure on Landowners Retention


Rights
2. Exemptions and Exclusions Sec. 10, RA 6657
3. Sec. 3(c) of RA 6657, in relation to DOJ Opinion No. 44 s. 1990 and the case of
Natalia Realty v. DAR, GR No. 103302, August 12, 1993

Issuances:
1. DAR AO 13, S. 1990 Rules and Procedures Governing Exemptions of Lands
under Sec. 10 of RA 6657
2. DAR AO 4, S. 2003 2003 Rules on Exemption of Lands under Sec. 3c, RA 6657
and DOJ Opinion 44 s. 1990

Cases:
1. Milestone Farms, Inc., v. Office of the President, G.R. No. 182332. February
23, 2011
2. Luz Farms v. Sec. of Agrarian Reform, GR No. 86889, December 4, 1990

3. DAR v. Sutton, G.R. No. 162070. October 19, 2005

3. RA 7881 (1995) Exempting Prawn Farms and Fishponds from CARP

Issuance: DAR AO 3, S. 1995 Rules and Regulations on the Exemption of Fishponds


from the Coverage of CARL pursuant to RA 7881

Cases:
1. Central Mindanao University v. DARAB, G.R. No. 100091. October 22, 1992
2. DAR v. DECS, G.R. No. 158228. March 23, 2004

3. Province of Camarines Sur v. CA, G.R. No. 103125 May 17, 1993

4. Roxas & Company, Inc. v. DAMBA-NFSW, G.R. No. 149548. December 4,


2009

Part Five Land Valuation


1. Land Valuation under Operation Land Transfer pursuant to PD 27
2. PD 27 and EO 228: Valuation Formula under para. 4 of PD 27 and Sec. 2 of EO
228
3. Determination of Just Compensation Sec. 17, RA 6657

4. Valuation and Mode of Compensation Sec. 18, RA 6657

5. Procedure for Acquisition of Private Lands in Case of Landowners Rejection or


Failure to Reply Sec. 16 (d) of RA 6657
6. Land Valuation and Landowner Compensation, Sec. IV-D of DAR AO 2, S. 2009

Cases:
1. Just Compensation as discussed in Association of Small Landowners in the
Philippines v. Secretary of Agrarian Reform, GR. No. 78742, July 14, 1989
2. Land Bank of the Phils. v. Natividad, G.R. No. 127198. May 16, 2005

3. Land Bank of the Phils. vs. CA, GR No. 118712, Oct. 6, 1995

4. Lubrica v. Land Bank of the Phils., G.R. No. 170220. November 20, 2006

Issuance: Preliminary Determination of Just Compensation per Rule XIX of the 2009
DARAB Rules of Procedure

Part Six Land Redistribution


1. Land Redistribution per Secs. 22 to 27 of RA 6657, as amended
2. Principle of affordability to the farmers

Case: Land Bank of the Phils. v. Palmares, G.R. No. 192890, June 17, 2013
3. Indefeasibility of Titles

Case: Estribillo v. DAR, G.R. No. 159674. June 30, 2006

Part Seven- Land Tenure Improvement


1. Determination of Lease Rentals Sec. 12, RA 6657
2. Leasehold Relationship

Cases:
1. Caballes v. DAR, GR No. 78214, December 5, 1988
2. Gabriel v. Pangilinan, G.R. No. L-27797. August 26, 1974

3. Gelos v. CA, G.R. No. 86186. May 8, 1992

Issuance: AO 2, S. 2006 Revised Rules and Procedures Governing Leasehold


Implementation in Tenanted Agricultural Lands
3. Production-Sharing Sec 32, RA 6657
4. Agribusiness Venture Arrangements (AVAs) in Agrarian Reform Areas per DAR
AO 09-06

Part Eight Conversion of Agricultural Lands


1. Conversion of Lands Sec 65, RA 6657
2. Conversion of Agricultural Lands: Difference among Exemption, Conversion and
Reclassification

Cases:
1. CREBA v. Secretary of Agrarian Reform, G.R. No. 183409. June 18, 2010
2. Ros v. DAR, G.R. No. 132477. August 31, 2005

3. Land Reclassification Sec. 20 of RA 7160 or the Local Government Code of


1991

Issuances:
1. MC 54, s. 1993 from the Office of the President Prescribing the
Guidelines governing Sec. 20 of RA 7160 Authorizing Cities And
Municipalities to Reclassify Agricultural Lands to Non-Agricultural Uses
2. DAR AO 1-02 The 2002 Comprehensive Rules on Land Conversion

Case: Fortich v. Corona, GR. No. 131457, April 24, 1998 Decision, Opinion and
Resolution of the Motion for Reconsideration with the Decision of the Office of the
President (OP) on the Sumilao Case

Part Nine Mechanisms for Program Implementation


1. Presidential Agrarian Reform Council Secs. 41, 42, 43, 49, RA 6657
2. Provincial Agrarian Reform Coordinating Committee Secs. 44 and 45, RA 6657

3. Barangay Agrarian Reform Committee Secs. 46 to 48, RA 6657

4. Department of Agrarian Reform EO 129-A dated July 26, 1987


5. Department of Agrarian Reform Adjudication Board (DARAB) Sec. 13, EO 129-
A

Part Ten Financing the Program


1. Funding Source per Sec. 63 of RA 6657 and Financing under Secs. 21 and 22 of
EO 229 (1987)
2. RA 8532 (1998) Providing Augmentation Fund for the CARP with an Additional
Amount of Fifty Billion Pesos
3. Additional Funding Source Sec. 21 of RA 9700, amending Sec. 63 of RA 6657

Part Eleven Agrarian Justice or the Resolution of Agrarian Disputes


1. Administrative Adjudication Secs. 50-53 of RA 6657
2. DAR AO 3, S. 2003 2003 Rules on Agrarian Law Implementation [ALI] Cases
3. The 2009 DARAB Rules of Procedure

Case: Vda. de Tangub vs. CA, UDK 9864, December 3, 1990


4. Elements of Tenancy

Cases:
1. Bernas vs. CA, 225 SCRA 119 - Consent of the lawful possessor creates
tenancy;
2. Castillo vs. CA, 205 SCRA 229 - A hollow block maker or piggery/poultry
owner cannot claim tenancy on land which is not devoted to agricultural
production;
3. Tiongson vs. CA, 214 SCRA 197 - Tenancy is created by the consent of the true
and lawful landholder through lawful means and not by imposition or
usurpation;
4. Matienzo vs. Servidad, 107 SCRA 276 (1981). There is no tenancy because of
the absence sharing arrangement with an overseer;
5. Caballes vs. DAR, 168 SCRA 254 (1988). Agricultural production is not
present. Respondent is only a caretaker who cannot qualify to be a tenant;

Note: Latag vs. Banog, 16 SCRA 88, the SC considered a caretaker as a tenant.
6. Teodoro vs. Macaraeg, 27 SCRA 7 (1969). Where there is sharing of the
produce or rental payment tenancy exist.

5. Right of Redemption
1. Spouses Eligio P. Mallari et al. vs. Ignacio Arcega, et al. [G.R. No. 106615.
March 20, 2002]

6. Award to Beneficiaries Sec. 9 of RA 9700 amending Sec. 24 of RA 6657

Issuance: DAR AO 3, S. 2009 Rules and Procedures Governing the Cancellation of


Registered CLOAs, EPs and Other Titles Issued under Any Agrarian Reform Frogram

Case: DAR v. Cuenca, G.R. No. 154112. September 23, 2004


7. Exclusive Jurisdiction on Agrarian Dispute Sec. 19, RA 9700 amending Sec.
50-A, RA 6657

Issuance: DAR AO 4, S. 2009 Rules and Regulations Implementing Sec. 19 of RA


9700 (Jurisdiction on and Referral of Agrarian Disputes)
8. Special Agrarian Courts Sec 57, RA 6657

Cases:
1. Land Bank of the Phils. v. CA, GR No. 128557, December 29, 1999
2. Land Bank of the Phils. v. Celada, G.R. No. 164876. January 23, 2006

3. Land Bank of the Phils. v. Heirs of Eleuterio Cruz, G.R. No. 175175, September
29, 2008
4. Land Bank of the Phils. v. Martinez, G.R. No. 169008. August 14, 2007

5. Phil. Veterans Bank v. CA, GR No. 132767, January 18, 2000

6. Modes of Appeal/Review from the DARAB

7. Rule 43 of the Rules of Court (1997 Rules of Civil Procedure)

8. Certiorari Sec. 54 of RA 6657 and Rule 65 of the Rules of Court

Part Twelve Jurisdiction on Agrarian Disputes


1. Updates on Laws on Rules of Procedure of DARAB
2. Jurisprudence on Jurisdiction over Agrarian Cases

Cases:
1. DAR v. Paramount Holdings Equities, Inc., G.R. No. 176838, June 13, 2013
2. Del Monte Phils. Inc. Employees Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries Cooperative
(DEARBC) v. Sangunay, G.R. No. 180013, January 31, 2011

Part Thirteen Support Services


1. Support Services to Stakeholders Secs. 36 to 29, RA 6657
2. Prohibited Acts and Omissions under Sec. 73 of RA 6657

Part Fourteen Individual Presentation and Submission of Case Digests and Draft
Decisions