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KALMUNAI MUNICIPAL COUNCIL

The WASSER-Project:
Water and Sanitation for Settlements
in Eastern Sri Lanka
- An Asia Pro Eco IIB Project -
Background of Munich-Kalmunai
relation ship.

 Post TSUNAMI Assistance on the


already established link by MILES
 Donation of Equipments and capital
Construction Projects.
 Inclusion of Kalmunai Municipal
Council to the WASSER project
Proposal
25 Million
Worth
Assistance
from City of
Munich to
KMC
INCEPTION AND DESIGN

ENVIRONMENTAL
PLANNING AND
MANAGEMENT

WATER AND SANITATION

PROJECT MANAGEMENT
INFRASTRUCTURE
Project design

WELL DRILLING SCHOOL


EVALAUATION AND DISSEMINATION
work
packages
Horizontal
and vertical
WP-1 Project Management
 Leading role of city of Munich, set up
of communication mechanisms –wiki
page
 Moderation by Dr.Fahmy Ismail and
coordination between the cities.
 Preparation of monthly , quarterly and
final reporting .
 Frequent visits of Munich staff to
srilanka
WP-2,INCEPTION AND
DESIGN
 Preparation of city profile and city
consultation.
WP-2,INCEPTION AND DESIGN
 Working group functioning .
Working group-1( Local Economic Governance –
sponsored by The Asia Foundation)

Members-Business society,
councilors and MC officers.
Decisions made-
-cleaning the main road
-Light installation in
Sainthamaruthu.
WP-2,INCEPTION AND DESIGN
 Working group-2 ( health and Environment)
 This committee was formed with the support of FCM
(federation of Canadian Municipalities under surface water
management project to look after the community outreach
program )
 Members -senior citizens ,CBO representatives, councilors
and MC staff

 Decisions and actions.


- this committee has given consent to introduce ‘pay for service’
for certain areas to collect solid waste.
- ‘Sramadana”( Volunteer cleaning activity) programs were
organized.
WP-3,ENVIRONMENTAL
PLANNING AND
MANAGEMENT
Activities
 GIS Training to MC staff
 Formation of mapping group
 Data collection and working on GIS
Outputs Mandated by the project
 Basic Map
 Thematic maps
 Sensitivity maps
These are the Activities Completed up to Now
 Land use Layer ,Roads Layer,
Buildings Layer, Drainages Layer,
Locations Layer of Kalmunai
Municipal Areas Created in GIS Map
 Basic Map is Completed
 WASSER Beneficiary Locations
Marked in the GIS Map That is Water
Supply Connections, toilets & septic
Tanks
 Following are the Maps for Land use
Layer, Roads Layer, Buildings Layer,
Locations Layer, WASSER
Beneficiary Locations Layer,
Drainage Layer
ROADS LAYER OF MUNICIPAL COUNCIL KALMUNAI
BUILDINGS LAYER OF MUNICIPAL COUNCIL KALMUNAI
LOCATIONS LAYER OF MUNICIPAL COUNCIL KALMUNAI
GOVERNMENT OFFICES
RELIGIOUS PLACES
HOSPITALS
SCHOOLS
DRAINAGES LAYER OF
MUNICIPAL COUNCIL
KALMUNAI
BASIC MAP OF MUNICIPAL COUNCIL KALMUNAI
Map Showing WASSER Beneficiary Locations of Kalmunai
( Water Supply Connections & Septic Tanks )
WATER SUPPLY CONNECTIONS ARE
ISSUED BY WASSER PROJECT
SEPTIC TANKS ARE ISSUED BY WASSER PROJECT
Remaining activities
 Preparation of Thematic Map
 Activities on Progress
◦ Collection Thematic Data(Poverty
,Environment & water)
◦ Updating WASSER Project Beneficiary
Locations
Thematic Map
 Water
 Data of Water Sources Dug Well ,Tube Well &
Pipe Born Water to be collected.
 Field Officers & Municipal workers to work with
Water Board , DS office & CBO to collect data.
 Poverty
 Need to collect data of
 Samurdi (Poor receiving grant)
 Widows/Women Headed Houeses
 Disabled
 Tsunami affected
Thematic Map
 Flooding
◦ Drainage Layer was already prepared
◦ Attribute data to be entered from the field
notes(Type of Drain open/ covered, Clean,
Blocked, Damaged).
◦ Low Land Areas/ Flooding Tones identified the
surveyor hired by the FCM Project to be entered.
 Solid Waste
◦ Collect the Garbage Dumping Points in the city
with the support of PHI/KG/TO
◦ Collect data of communal Bins, Vehicle Routing
Difficulties
 Lack of resources and Less awareness
to collect data from field.
 Digitizing was difficult
 Security concerns over the purchase of
GPS instrument thus data collected at
printed maps and later punched in the
computers.
WP-
WP-4,Water and Sanitation
Infrastructure
Intervention Target Accomplishments

Sanitation condition •Approx 200 families, •So far 90 families received


improvement at the onsite septic tank and improved septic system.
coastal Lagoon at anaerobic digester. •Construction plant works
Sainthamaruthu • Construction of completed.
village 40m3 sewage •Yet to install the equipments
treatment plant. (Purchase orders were
placed)
Provision of drinking • 800 families to get • around 700 connections
water supply for the house connection were paid to NWS&DB,600
Tsunami affected and from National Water families are using the facility
poor. supply and Drainage up to now
Board (NWS&DB)

Construction of toilets • 50 units •50 completed


for the Tsunami
affected and poor
families
TOILETS FOR POOR
FAMILIES
Toilet distribution in Kalmunai
municipality

Kalmunai (Muslim)- 28

Kalmunai (Tamil) - 18

Sainthamaruthu - 14
Free drinking water supply to Tsunami affected/Samurdhi
Beneficiaries

PROPOSED WATER CONNCTION -800


PAID WATER CONNECTION -780

CONNECTIONS ARE CURRENTLY IN USE-500


SANITATION IMPROVEMENT
PROJECT
Rationale of Sanitation Project-
A (Groundwater quality) case study at Sainthamaruthu

 Ground water pollution due to


improper disposal
 Still 50% houses in KMC have
dug well for drinking
 Need to conserve the water as
to avoid future water crisis
 Project will serve as a pilot in
order to achieve at least 5000
houses to have improved 26 wells were monitored for around one year (2004/2005 AD)

1. Top left corner (diagonal) – Nitrate contamination was noted high


sanitation with in the 3-5 years Only 4 wells, above recommended value (maximum up around 72 mg L-1, NO3-)
period. 2. Right corner (pink – crescent shape) – Salinity (in terms of Electrical Conductivity) was
noted high during dry season
 Need to Enforce law to Water samples from 9 – 10 wells, showed higher EC Values than 2000 micro Siemens/cm
approve building plans as the (maximum, up to 3,600 micro Siemens/cm)

treatment facility in place 3. Bottom, middle (blue, oval) – E. coli was noted high.

Highest value: - 260 CFU Lowest value: - 10 CFU


( NEW GOAL FOR MC
,COUNCIL AND For further details,

COMMUNITY HAS TO BE M. F. Nawas,


Faculty of Applied Sciences, South Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sammanthurai
SENSITIZED) +94-777-900946
Onsite Improvement
Project area and Septic tank
Sewage Treatment plant
 Treatment facility was realized after the Tsunami IDP
camps construction.
 Toilet pits in the IDP camps have to be gully sucked
on a weekly basis
 IOM (international Organization for Migration) had
been involving in the construction of a Constructed
wetland at the neighbor local Authority Navithanvelli
 At the inception of WASSER project construction
works of said wetland had been on progress.
 The chairman of Navithanveli PS has opposed the
treatment facility and in Jan/Feb 2007, the
constructed wetland project was abandoned

treatment plant.dwg ..\s.tank 2004.bmp


Sewage Treatment plant
Treatment plant
THANK YOU

ANY QUESTIONS?