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Honor Chemistry

Topic break-down

Recommended text: Introductory Chemistry A foundation (Zumdahl, Decoste)

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Properties of matter Matter Describes the arrangement and movement
of particles in the 3 states of matter
Physical and chemical Describe and identify properties and
properties and changes changes
Elements and compounds Describe elements and compounds as pure
substances
Mixtures and Pure substances Describe mixtures as impure substances
that can be separated by physical means
Separation of mixtures Understand filtration and distillation
Bonding Types of chemical bonds Recognize that atoms can form ionic,
covalent or metallic bond
Electronegativity and bond Define electronegativity and understand
polarity that electronegativity difference is related
to bond polarity
Stable electron configurations Understand the duet and octet rule
and charges of ions
Ionic bonding Ionic bond as transfer of electron
Lewis structures Learn to draw Lewis structures with the
help of periodic table
Molecular structure and VSEPR Predict molecular shape and angle using
VSEPR
Intermolecular forces Compare and explain boiling point
difference between substances
Chemical periodicity Rutherfords atom Appreciate that the knowledge of atom is
built on evidences obtained in various
experiments
Electromagnetic radiation and Understand wave properties and light as
atomic emission waves
Bohr model and wave Compare the two models of atom and
mechanical model of atom understand why the Bohr model is now
obsolete
Orbitals and electronic Recognize the shape of different orbitals
configuration and is able to apply rules in working out
electronic configurations
Understand the anomalous configurations
of Cr and Cu
Periodic trends Understand the gradual transition from
metals to metalloids to non-metals in the
periodic table
Relate atomic position to atomic size,
ionization energy
Stoichiometry Atomic mass Introduce amu unit
The mole quantity 6.02 x 1023
Molar mass Understand the importance of using mass
per mole of substance in calculations
Percent by mass Be able to calculate percent by mass from a
chemical formula
Honor Chemistry
Topic break-down

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Empirical and molecular Understand the difference between the two
formulae formulae
Mole-mole relationship Learn to relate reaction stoichiometry using
mole ratio
Mole-mass relationship Calculate theoretical yield from given
quantity of reactants
Limiting reactants Identify limiting and excess reactants
Percent yield Calculate percent yield from actual and
theoretical yield
Thermochemistry Temperature and heat Q = mc delta T
Exothermic and endothermic Classify and understand the two types of
processes energy processes
Measuring energy changes Describe the basic setup of a calorimeter
and ways to reduce heat loss
Hesss law Use of Hesss law to calculate unknown
enthalpy change
Spontaneity of reactions Use enthalpy and entropy to predict
reaction spontaneity at different
temperature
Kinetics Collision theory Understand the requirements for a reaction
to occur
Energy profile of reaction and Be able to draw an energy profile (labelled)
activation energy and understand the meaning of activation
energy
Factors affecting rate of Describes the 5 factors
reaction
Equilibria The equilibrium conditions Describes some features of equilibrium
Equilibrium constant Write Kc expressions
Types of equilibria: Classify equilibria into the 2 types
Homogeneous and
Heterogeneous equilibria
Le Chtelier's principle Describe and apply to principle in predicting
direction of equilibrium
Applications Apply Le Chtelier's principle on Haber and
Contact process
Acids and bases Introduction to acids and bases Identify acid and base from their formulae
Strength of acid Distinguish between strong and weak acids
Water as an amphiprotic Understand amphiprotic substances as
substance things that can either accept or donate
protons
pH scale Classify substances as acidic, neutral or
basic according to its pH
pH calculation of strong acid pH = -log[H+]
Buffer Understand the ability of buffer to resist pH
change as a result of its special composition
Oxidation-reduction Redox introduction Describe and explain oxidation and
reduction events in reactions
Oxidation states Calculate and understand the meaning of
oxidation states
Honor Chemistry
Topic break-down

Topics Sub-topics Content


Balancing redox equations Balance redox equations using either the
half-equation method or the oxidation
number method
Electrochemistry Apply concepts of chemical potential to
explain the principle of voltaic (galvanic
cells)
Electrolysis Predict and explain the products formed by
electrolysis of molten ionic compounds